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Theorem axcaucvg 7731
Description: Real number completeness axiom. A Cauchy sequence with a modulus of convergence converges. This is basically Corollary 11.2.13 of [HoTT], p. (varies). The HoTT book theorem has a modulus of convergence (that is, a rate of convergence) specified by (11.2.9) in HoTT whereas this theorem fixes the rate of convergence to say that all terms after the nth term must be within 1 / 𝑛 of the nth term (it should later be able to prove versions of this theorem with a different fixed rate or a modulus of convergence supplied as a hypothesis).

Because we are stating this axiom before we have introduced notations for or division, we use 𝑁 for the natural numbers and express a reciprocal in terms of .

This construction-dependent theorem should not be referenced directly; instead, use ax-caucvg 7763. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Jul-2021.) (New usage is discouraged.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
axcaucvg.n 𝑁 = {𝑥 ∣ (1 ∈ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑦 + 1) ∈ 𝑥)}
axcaucvg.f (𝜑𝐹:𝑁⟶ℝ)
axcaucvg.cau (𝜑 → ∀𝑛𝑁𝑘𝑁 (𝑛 < 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) < ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝑟 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 · 𝑟) = 1)) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) < ((𝐹𝑛) + (𝑟 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 · 𝑟) = 1)))))
Assertion
Ref Expression
axcaucvg (𝜑 → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑗𝑁𝑘𝑁 (𝑗 < 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘) < (𝑦 + 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 < ((𝐹𝑘) + 𝑥)))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑗,𝐹,𝑘,𝑛   𝑥,𝐹,𝑦,𝑗,𝑘   𝑗,𝑁,𝑘,𝑛   𝑥,𝑁,𝑦   𝜑,𝑗,𝑘,𝑛   𝑘,𝑟,𝑛   𝜑,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑦,𝑟)   𝐹(𝑟)   𝑁(𝑟)

Proof of Theorem axcaucvg
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑙 𝑢 𝑧 𝑏 𝑐 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 axcaucvg.n . 2 𝑁 = {𝑥 ∣ (1 ∈ 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑦 + 1) ∈ 𝑥)}
2 axcaucvg.f . 2 (𝜑𝐹:𝑁⟶ℝ)
3 axcaucvg.cau . 2 (𝜑 → ∀𝑛𝑁𝑘𝑁 (𝑛 < 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) < ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝑟 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 · 𝑟) = 1)) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) < ((𝐹𝑛) + (𝑟 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 · 𝑟) = 1)))))
4 breq1 3939 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑏 = 𝑙 → (𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q ))
54cbvabv 2265 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 {𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q } = {𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }
6 breq2 3940 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑐 = 𝑢 → ([⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐 ↔ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢))
76cbvabv 2265 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐} = {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}
85, 7opeq12i 3717 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ = ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩
98oveq1i 5791 . . . . . . . . . 10 (⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P) = (⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P)
109opeq1i 3715 . . . . . . . . 9 ⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩ = ⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P
11 eceq1 6471 . . . . . . . . 9 (⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩ = ⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩ → [⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R )
1210, 11ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . 8 [⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R
1312opeq1i 3715 . . . . . . 7 ⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩ = ⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R
1413fveq2i 5431 . . . . . 6 (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩)
1514a1i 9 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = 𝑧 → (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩))
16 opeq1 3712 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = 𝑧 → ⟨𝑎, 0R⟩ = ⟨𝑧, 0R⟩)
1715, 16eqeq12d 2155 . . . 4 (𝑎 = 𝑧 → ((𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑎, 0R⟩ ↔ (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑧, 0R⟩))
1817cbvriotav 5748 . . 3 (𝑎R (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑎, 0R⟩) = (𝑧R (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑧, 0R⟩)
1918mpteq2i 4022 . 2 (𝑗N ↦ (𝑎R (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑏𝑏 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑐 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑐}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑎, 0R⟩)) = (𝑗N ↦ (𝑧R (𝐹‘⟨[⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑗, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R , 0R⟩) = ⟨𝑧, 0R⟩))
201, 2, 3, 19axcaucvglemres 7730 1 (𝜑 → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑗𝑁𝑘𝑁 (𝑗 < 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘) < (𝑦 + 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 < ((𝐹𝑘) + 𝑥)))))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 103   = wceq 1332  wcel 1481  {cab 2126  wral 2417  wrex 2418  cop 3534   cint 3778   class class class wbr 3936  cmpt 3996  wf 5126  cfv 5130  crio 5736  (class class class)co 5781  1oc1o 6313  [cec 6434  Ncnpi 7103   ~Q ceq 7110   <Q cltq 7116  1Pc1p 7123   +P cpp 7124   ~R cer 7127  Rcnr 7128  0Rc0r 7129  cr 7642  0cc0 7643  1c1 7644   + caddc 7646   < cltrr 7647   · cmul 7648
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-in1 604  ax-in2 605  ax-io 699  ax-5 1424  ax-7 1425  ax-gen 1426  ax-ie1 1470  ax-ie2 1471  ax-8 1483  ax-10 1484  ax-11 1485  ax-i12 1486  ax-bndl 1487  ax-4 1488  ax-13 1492  ax-14 1493  ax-17 1507  ax-i9 1511  ax-ial 1515  ax-i5r 1516  ax-ext 2122  ax-coll 4050  ax-sep 4053  ax-nul 4061  ax-pow 4105  ax-pr 4138  ax-un 4362  ax-setind 4459  ax-iinf 4509
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-dc 821  df-3or 964  df-3an 965  df-tru 1335  df-fal 1338  df-nf 1438  df-sb 1737  df-eu 2003  df-mo 2004  df-clab 2127  df-cleq 2133  df-clel 2136  df-nfc 2271  df-ne 2310  df-ral 2422  df-rex 2423  df-reu 2424  df-rmo 2425  df-rab 2426  df-v 2691  df-sbc 2913  df-csb 3007  df-dif 3077  df-un 3079  df-in 3081  df-ss 3088  df-nul 3368  df-pw 3516  df-sn 3537  df-pr 3538  df-op 3540  df-uni 3744  df-int 3779  df-iun 3822  df-br 3937  df-opab 3997  df-mpt 3998  df-tr 4034  df-eprel 4218  df-id 4222  df-po 4225  df-iso 4226  df-iord 4295  df-on 4297  df-suc 4300  df-iom 4512  df-xp 4552  df-rel 4553  df-cnv 4554  df-co 4555  df-dm 4556  df-rn 4557  df-res 4558  df-ima 4559  df-iota 5095  df-fun 5132  df-fn 5133  df-f 5134  df-f1 5135  df-fo 5136  df-f1o 5137  df-fv 5138  df-riota 5737  df-ov 5784  df-oprab 5785  df-mpo 5786  df-1st 6045  df-2nd 6046  df-recs 6209  df-irdg 6274  df-1o 6320  df-2o 6321  df-oadd 6324  df-omul 6325  df-er 6436  df-ec 6438  df-qs 6442  df-ni 7135  df-pli 7136  df-mi 7137  df-lti 7138  df-plpq 7175  df-mpq 7176  df-enq 7178  df-nqqs 7179  df-plqqs 7180  df-mqqs 7181  df-1nqqs 7182  df-rq 7183  df-ltnqqs 7184  df-enq0 7255  df-nq0 7256  df-0nq0 7257  df-plq0 7258  df-mq0 7259  df-inp 7297  df-i1p 7298  df-iplp 7299  df-imp 7300  df-iltp 7301  df-enr 7557  df-nr 7558  df-plr 7559  df-mr 7560  df-ltr 7561  df-0r 7562  df-1r 7563  df-m1r 7564  df-c 7649  df-0 7650  df-1 7651  df-r 7653  df-add 7654  df-mul 7655  df-lt 7656
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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