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Theorem pm54.43 9421
Description: Theorem *54.43 of [WhiteheadRussell] p. 360. "From this proposition it will follow, when arithmetical addition has been defined, that 1+1=2." See http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Principia_Mathematica#Quotations. This theorem states that two sets of cardinality 1 are disjoint iff their union has cardinality 2.

Whitehead and Russell define 1 as the collection of all sets with cardinality 1 (i.e. all singletons; see card1 9389), so that their 𝐴 ∈ 1 means, in our notation, 𝐴 ∈ {𝑥 ∣ (card‘𝑥) = 1o} which is the same as 𝐴 ≈ 1o by pm54.43lem 9420. We do not have several of their earlier lemmas available (which would otherwise be unused by our different approach to arithmetic), so our proof is longer. (It is also longer because we must show every detail.)

Theorem dju1p1e2 9591 shows the derivation of 1+1=2 for cardinal numbers from this theorem. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2007.)

Assertion
Ref Expression
pm54.43 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ 1o) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o))

Proof of Theorem pm54.43
Dummy variables 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 1oex 8102 . . . . . . 7 1o ∈ V
21ensn1 8565 . . . . . 6 {1o} ≈ 1o
32ensymi 8551 . . . . 5 1o ≈ {1o}
4 entr 8553 . . . . 5 ((𝐵 ≈ 1o ∧ 1o ≈ {1o}) → 𝐵 ≈ {1o})
53, 4mpan2 689 . . . 4 (𝐵 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ {1o})
6 1on 8101 . . . . . . . 8 1o ∈ On
76onirri 6290 . . . . . . 7 ¬ 1o ∈ 1o
8 disjsn 4639 . . . . . . 7 ((1o ∩ {1o}) = ∅ ↔ ¬ 1o ∈ 1o)
97, 8mpbir 233 . . . . . 6 (1o ∩ {1o}) = ∅
10 unen 8588 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ {1o}) ∧ ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ∧ (1o ∩ {1o}) = ∅)) → (𝐴𝐵) ≈ (1o ∪ {1o}))
119, 10mpanr2 702 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ {1o}) ∧ (𝐴𝐵) = ∅) → (𝐴𝐵) ≈ (1o ∪ {1o}))
1211ex 415 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ {1o}) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ → (𝐴𝐵) ≈ (1o ∪ {1o})))
135, 12sylan2 594 . . 3 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ 1o) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ → (𝐴𝐵) ≈ (1o ∪ {1o})))
14 df-2o 8095 . . . . 5 2o = suc 1o
15 df-suc 6190 . . . . 5 suc 1o = (1o ∪ {1o})
1614, 15eqtri 2842 . . . 4 2o = (1o ∪ {1o})
1716breq2i 5065 . . 3 ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o ↔ (𝐴𝐵) ≈ (1o ∪ {1o}))
1813, 17syl6ibr 254 . 2 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ 1o) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ → (𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o))
19 en1 8568 . . 3 (𝐴 ≈ 1o ↔ ∃𝑥 𝐴 = {𝑥})
20 en1 8568 . . 3 (𝐵 ≈ 1o ↔ ∃𝑦 𝐵 = {𝑦})
21 unidm 4126 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑥}) = {𝑥}
22 sneq 4569 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → {𝑥} = {𝑦})
2322uneq2d 4137 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑥}) = ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}))
2421, 23syl5reqr 2869 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) = {𝑥})
25 vex 3496 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 𝑥 ∈ V
2625ensn1 8565 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 {𝑥} ≈ 1o
27 1sdom2 8709 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1o ≺ 2o
28 ensdomtr 8645 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (({𝑥} ≈ 1o ∧ 1o ≺ 2o) → {𝑥} ≺ 2o)
2926, 27, 28mp2an 690 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 {𝑥} ≺ 2o
3024, 29eqbrtrdi 5096 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≺ 2o)
31 sdomnen 8530 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≺ 2o → ¬ ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o)
3230, 31syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = 𝑦 → ¬ ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o)
3332necon2ai 3043 . . . . . . . . . 10 (({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o𝑥𝑦)
34 disjsn2 4640 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥𝑦 → ({𝑥} ∩ {𝑦}) = ∅)
3533, 34syl 17 . . . . . . . . 9 (({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o → ({𝑥} ∩ {𝑦}) = ∅)
3635a1i 11 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → (({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o → ({𝑥} ∩ {𝑦}) = ∅))
37 uneq12 4132 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → (𝐴𝐵) = ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}))
3837breq1d 5067 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o ↔ ({𝑥} ∪ {𝑦}) ≈ 2o))
39 ineq12 4182 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → (𝐴𝐵) = ({𝑥} ∩ {𝑦}))
4039eqeq1d 2821 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ↔ ({𝑥} ∩ {𝑦}) = ∅))
4136, 38, 403imtr4d 296 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅))
4241ex 415 . . . . . 6 (𝐴 = {𝑥} → (𝐵 = {𝑦} → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)))
4342exlimdv 1928 . . . . 5 (𝐴 = {𝑥} → (∃𝑦 𝐵 = {𝑦} → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)))
4443exlimiv 1925 . . . 4 (∃𝑥 𝐴 = {𝑥} → (∃𝑦 𝐵 = {𝑦} → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)))
4544imp 409 . . 3 ((∃𝑥 𝐴 = {𝑥} ∧ ∃𝑦 𝐵 = {𝑦}) → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅))
4619, 20, 45syl2anb 599 . 2 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ 1o) → ((𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅))
4718, 46impbid 214 1 ((𝐴 ≈ 1o𝐵 ≈ 1o) → ((𝐴𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴𝐵) ≈ 2o))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 208  wa 398   = wceq 1531  wex 1774  wcel 2108  wne 3014  cun 3932  cin 3933  c0 4289  {csn 4559   class class class wbr 5057  suc csuc 6186  1oc1o 8087  2oc2o 8088  cen 8498  csdm 8500
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1790  ax-4 1804  ax-5 1905  ax-6 1964  ax-7 2009  ax-8 2110  ax-9 2118  ax-10 2139  ax-11 2154  ax-12 2170  ax-ext 2791  ax-sep 5194  ax-nul 5201  ax-pow 5257  ax-pr 5320  ax-un 7453
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3or 1083  df-3an 1084  df-tru 1534  df-ex 1775  df-nf 1779  df-sb 2064  df-mo 2616  df-eu 2648  df-clab 2798  df-cleq 2812  df-clel 2891  df-nfc 2961  df-ne 3015  df-ral 3141  df-rex 3142  df-reu 3143  df-rab 3145  df-v 3495  df-sbc 3771  df-dif 3937  df-un 3939  df-in 3941  df-ss 3950  df-pss 3952  df-nul 4290  df-if 4466  df-pw 4539  df-sn 4560  df-pr 4562  df-tp 4564  df-op 4566  df-uni 4831  df-br 5058  df-opab 5120  df-tr 5164  df-id 5453  df-eprel 5458  df-po 5467  df-so 5468  df-fr 5507  df-we 5509  df-xp 5554  df-rel 5555  df-cnv 5556  df-co 5557  df-dm 5558  df-rn 5559  df-res 5560  df-ima 5561  df-ord 6187  df-on 6188  df-lim 6189  df-suc 6190  df-iota 6307  df-fun 6350  df-fn 6351  df-f 6352  df-f1 6353  df-fo 6354  df-f1o 6355  df-fv 6356  df-om 7573  df-1o 8094  df-2o 8095  df-er 8281  df-en 8502  df-dom 8503  df-sdom 8504
This theorem is referenced by:  pr2nelem  9422  dju1p1e2  9591
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