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Theorem inf0 9068
Description: Existence of ω implies our axiom of infinity ax-inf 9085. The proof shows that the especially contrived class "ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) " exists, is a subset of its union, and contains a given set 𝑥 (and thus is nonempty). Thus, it provides an example demonstrating that a set 𝑦 exists with the necessary properties demanded by ax-inf 9085. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-1996.) Revised to closed form. (Revised by BJ, 20-May-2024.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
inf0 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → ∃𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦))))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤
Allowed substitution hints:   𝑉(𝑥,𝑦,𝑧,𝑤)

Proof of Theorem inf0
Dummy variables 𝑣 𝑓 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 fr0g 8054 . . . 4 (𝑥 ∈ V → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 𝑥)
21elv 3484 . . 3 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘∅) = 𝑥
3 frfnom 8053 . . . 4 (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω
4 peano1 7584 . . . 4 ∅ ∈ ω
5 fnfvelrn 6829 . . . 4 (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω ∧ ∅ ∈ ω) → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))
63, 4, 5mp2an 691 . . 3 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘∅) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)
72, 6eqeltrri 2913 . 2 𝑥 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)
8 fvelrnb 6707 . . . . 5 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω → (𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ↔ ∃𝑓 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧))
93, 8ax-mp 5 . . . 4 (𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ↔ ∃𝑓 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧)
10 fvex 6664 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ V
1110sucid 6251 . . . . . . . . 9 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓)
1210sucex 7509 . . . . . . . . . 10 suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ V
13 eqid 2824 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) = (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)
14 suceq 6237 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧 = 𝑣 → suc 𝑧 = suc 𝑣)
15 suceq 6237 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑧 = ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) → suc 𝑧 = suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓))
1613, 14, 15frsucmpt2 8059 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 ∈ ω ∧ suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ V) → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) = suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓))
1712, 16mpan2 690 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) = suc ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓))
1811, 17eleqtrrid 2923 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓))
19 eleq1 2903 . . . . . . . 8 (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧 → (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓)))
2018, 19syl5ib 247 . . . . . . 7 (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧 → (𝑓 ∈ ω → 𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓)))
21 peano2b 7579 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 ∈ ω ↔ suc 𝑓 ∈ ω)
22 fnfvelrn 6829 . . . . . . . . 9 (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω ∧ suc 𝑓 ∈ ω) → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))
233, 22mpan 689 . . . . . . . 8 (suc 𝑓 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))
2421, 23sylbi 220 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 ∈ ω → ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))
2520, 24jca2 517 . . . . . 6 (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧 → (𝑓 ∈ ω → (𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∧ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))
26 fvex 6664 . . . . . . 7 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ V
27 eleq2 2904 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑤 = ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) → (𝑧𝑤𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓)))
28 eleq1 2903 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑤 = ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) → (𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ↔ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
2927, 28anbi12d 633 . . . . . . 7 (𝑤 = ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) → ((𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)) ↔ (𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∧ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))
3026, 29spcev 3592 . . . . . 6 ((𝑧 ∈ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∧ ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘suc 𝑓) ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
3125, 30syl6com 37 . . . . 5 (𝑓 ∈ ω → (((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))
3231rexlimiv 3272 . . . 4 (∃𝑓 ∈ ω ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)‘𝑓) = 𝑧 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
339, 32sylbi 220 . . 3 (𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
3433ax-gen 1797 . 2 𝑧(𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
35 fndm 6436 . . . . . 6 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω → dom (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) = ω)
363, 35ax-mp 5 . . . . 5 dom (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) = ω
37 id 22 . . . . 5 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → ω ∈ 𝑉)
3836, 37eqeltrid 2920 . . . 4 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → dom (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∈ 𝑉)
39 fnfun 6434 . . . . 5 ((rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) Fn ω → Fun (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))
403, 39ax-mp 5 . . . 4 Fun (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)
41 funrnex 7638 . . . 4 (dom (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∈ 𝑉 → (Fun (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∈ V))
4238, 40, 41mpisyl 21 . . 3 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∈ V)
43 eleq2 2904 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → (𝑥𝑦𝑥 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
44 eleq2 2904 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → (𝑧𝑦𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
45 eleq2 2904 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → (𝑤𝑦𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))
4645anbi2d 631 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ((𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦) ↔ (𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))
4746exbidv 1923 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → (∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))
4844, 47imbi12d 348 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ((𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)) ↔ (𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))))
4948albidv 1922 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → (∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)) ↔ ∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))))
5043, 49anbi12d 633 . . . 4 (𝑦 = ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ((𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦))) ↔ (𝑥 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω))))))
5150spcegv 3582 . . 3 (ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∈ V → ((𝑥 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))) → ∃𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)))))
5242, 51syl 17 . 2 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → ((𝑥 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω) → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤 ∈ ran (rec((𝑣 ∈ V ↦ suc 𝑣), 𝑥) ↾ ω)))) → ∃𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦)))))
537, 34, 52mp2ani 697 1 (ω ∈ 𝑉 → ∃𝑦(𝑥𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑧(𝑧𝑦 → ∃𝑤(𝑧𝑤𝑤𝑦))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 209  wa 399  wal 1536   = wceq 1538  wex 1781  wcel 2115  wrex 3133  Vcvv 3479  c0 4274  cmpt 5127  dom cdm 5536  ran crn 5537  cres 5538  suc csuc 6174  Fun wfun 6330   Fn wfn 6331  cfv 6336  ωcom 7563  reccrdg 8028
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1912  ax-6 1971  ax-7 2016  ax-8 2117  ax-9 2125  ax-10 2146  ax-11 2162  ax-12 2179  ax-ext 2796  ax-rep 5171  ax-sep 5184  ax-nul 5191  ax-pow 5247  ax-pr 5311  ax-un 7444
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2071  df-mo 2624  df-eu 2655  df-clab 2803  df-cleq 2817  df-clel 2896  df-nfc 2964  df-ne 3014  df-ral 3137  df-rex 3138  df-reu 3139  df-rab 3141  df-v 3481  df-sbc 3758  df-csb 3866  df-dif 3921  df-un 3923  df-in 3925  df-ss 3935  df-pss 3937  df-nul 4275  df-if 4449  df-pw 4522  df-sn 4549  df-pr 4551  df-tp 4553  df-op 4555  df-uni 4820  df-iun 4902  df-br 5048  df-opab 5110  df-mpt 5128  df-tr 5154  df-id 5441  df-eprel 5446  df-po 5455  df-so 5456  df-fr 5495  df-we 5497  df-xp 5542  df-rel 5543  df-cnv 5544  df-co 5545  df-dm 5546  df-rn 5547  df-res 5548  df-ima 5549  df-pred 6129  df-ord 6175  df-on 6176  df-lim 6177  df-suc 6178  df-iota 6295  df-fun 6338  df-fn 6339  df-f 6340  df-f1 6341  df-fo 6342  df-f1o 6343  df-fv 6344  df-om 7564  df-wrecs 7930  df-recs 7991  df-rdg 8029
This theorem is referenced by:  axinf  9091
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