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Theorem infxpen 9170
 Description: Every infinite ordinal is equinumerous to its Cartesian square. Proposition 10.39 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 94, whose proof we follow closely. The key idea is to show that the relation 𝑅 is a well-ordering of (On × On) with the additional property that 𝑅-initial segments of (𝑥 × 𝑥) (where 𝑥 is a limit ordinal) are of cardinality at most 𝑥. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Mar-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2015.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
infxpen ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ ω ⊆ 𝐴) → (𝐴 × 𝐴) ≈ 𝐴)

Proof of Theorem infxpen
Dummy variables 𝑚 𝑎 𝑠 𝑡 𝑤 𝑥 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 eqid 2778 . 2 {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}
2 eleq1w 2842 . . . . 5 (𝑠 = 𝑧 → (𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ↔ 𝑧 ∈ (On × On)))
3 eleq1w 2842 . . . . 5 (𝑡 = 𝑤 → (𝑡 ∈ (On × On) ↔ 𝑤 ∈ (On × On)))
42, 3bi2anan9 629 . . . 4 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ↔ (𝑧 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (On × On))))
5 fveq2 6446 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑠 = 𝑧 → (1st𝑠) = (1st𝑧))
6 fveq2 6446 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑠 = 𝑧 → (2nd𝑠) = (2nd𝑧))
75, 6uneq12d 3991 . . . . . . 7 (𝑠 = 𝑧 → ((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)))
87adantr 474 . . . . . 6 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → ((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)))
9 fveq2 6446 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑡 = 𝑤 → (1st𝑡) = (1st𝑤))
10 fveq2 6446 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑡 = 𝑤 → (2nd𝑡) = (2nd𝑤))
119, 10uneq12d 3991 . . . . . . 7 (𝑡 = 𝑤 → ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)))
1211adantl 475 . . . . . 6 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)))
138, 12eleq12d 2853 . . . . 5 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ↔ ((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) ∈ ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤))))
147, 11eqeqan12d 2794 . . . . . 6 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ↔ ((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤))))
15 breq12 4891 . . . . . 6 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → (𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑤))
1614, 15anbi12d 624 . . . . 5 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → ((((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡) ↔ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∧ 𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑤)))
1713, 16orbi12d 905 . . . 4 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → ((((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)) ↔ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) ∈ ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∨ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∧ 𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑤))))
184, 17anbi12d 624 . . 3 ((𝑠 = 𝑧𝑡 = 𝑤) → (((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡))) ↔ ((𝑧 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) ∈ ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∨ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∧ 𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑤)))))
1918cbvopabv 4958 . 2 {⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)))} = {⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∣ ((𝑧 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) ∈ ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∨ (((1st𝑧) ∪ (2nd𝑧)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) ∧ 𝑧{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑤)))}
20 eqid 2778 . 2 ({⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)))} ∩ ((𝑎 × 𝑎) × (𝑎 × 𝑎))) = ({⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)))} ∩ ((𝑎 × 𝑎) × (𝑎 × 𝑎)))
21 biid 253 . 2 (((𝑎 ∈ On ∧ ∀𝑚𝑎 (ω ⊆ 𝑚 → (𝑚 × 𝑚) ≈ 𝑚)) ∧ (ω ⊆ 𝑎 ∧ ∀𝑚𝑎 𝑚𝑎)) ↔ ((𝑎 ∈ On ∧ ∀𝑚𝑎 (ω ⊆ 𝑚 → (𝑚 × 𝑚) ≈ 𝑚)) ∧ (ω ⊆ 𝑎 ∧ ∀𝑚𝑎 𝑚𝑎)))
22 eqid 2778 . 2 ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤)) = ((1st𝑤) ∪ (2nd𝑤))
23 eqid 2778 . 2 OrdIso(({⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)))} ∩ ((𝑎 × 𝑎) × (𝑎 × 𝑎))), (𝑎 × 𝑎)) = OrdIso(({⟨𝑠, 𝑡⟩ ∣ ((𝑠 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) ∈ ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∨ (((1st𝑠) ∪ (2nd𝑠)) = ((1st𝑡) ∪ (2nd𝑡)) ∧ 𝑠{⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (On × On) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (On × On)) ∧ ((1st𝑥) ∈ (1st𝑦) ∨ ((1st𝑥) = (1st𝑦) ∧ (2nd𝑥) ∈ (2nd𝑦))))}𝑡)))} ∩ ((𝑎 × 𝑎) × (𝑎 × 𝑎))), (𝑎 × 𝑎))
241, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23infxpenlem 9169 1 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ ω ⊆ 𝐴) → (𝐴 × 𝐴) ≈ 𝐴)
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 386   ∨ wo 836   = wceq 1601   ∈ wcel 2107  ∀wral 3090   ∪ cun 3790   ∩ cin 3791   ⊆ wss 3792   class class class wbr 4886  {copab 4948   × cxp 5353  Oncon0 5976  ‘cfv 6135  ωcom 7343  1st c1st 7443  2nd c2nd 7444   ≈ cen 8238   ≺ csdm 8240  OrdIsocoi 8703 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1839  ax-4 1853  ax-5 1953  ax-6 2021  ax-7 2055  ax-8 2109  ax-9 2116  ax-10 2135  ax-11 2150  ax-12 2163  ax-13 2334  ax-ext 2754  ax-rep 5006  ax-sep 5017  ax-nul 5025  ax-pow 5077  ax-pr 5138  ax-un 7226  ax-inf2 8835 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 199  df-an 387  df-or 837  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1605  df-ex 1824  df-nf 1828  df-sb 2012  df-mo 2551  df-eu 2587  df-clab 2764  df-cleq 2770  df-clel 2774  df-nfc 2921  df-ne 2970  df-ral 3095  df-rex 3096  df-reu 3097  df-rmo 3098  df-rab 3099  df-v 3400  df-sbc 3653  df-csb 3752  df-dif 3795  df-un 3797  df-in 3799  df-ss 3806  df-pss 3808  df-nul 4142  df-if 4308  df-pw 4381  df-sn 4399  df-pr 4401  df-tp 4403  df-op 4405  df-uni 4672  df-int 4711  df-iun 4755  df-br 4887  df-opab 4949  df-mpt 4966  df-tr 4988  df-id 5261  df-eprel 5266  df-po 5274  df-so 5275  df-fr 5314  df-se 5315  df-we 5316  df-xp 5361  df-rel 5362  df-cnv 5363  df-co 5364  df-dm 5365  df-rn 5366  df-res 5367  df-ima 5368  df-pred 5933  df-ord 5979  df-on 5980  df-lim 5981  df-suc 5982  df-iota 6099  df-fun 6137  df-fn 6138  df-f 6139  df-f1 6140  df-fo 6141  df-f1o 6142  df-fv 6143  df-isom 6144  df-riota 6883  df-ov 6925  df-oprab 6926  df-mpt2 6927  df-om 7344  df-1st 7445  df-2nd 7446  df-wrecs 7689  df-recs 7751  df-rdg 7789  df-1o 7843  df-oadd 7847  df-er 8026  df-en 8242  df-dom 8243  df-sdom 8244  df-fin 8245  df-oi 8704  df-card 9098 This theorem is referenced by:  xpomen  9171  infxpidm2  9173  alephreg  9739  cfpwsdom  9741  inar1  9932
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