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Theorem coprm 10903
Description: A prime number either divides an integer or is coprime to it, but not both. Theorem 1.8 in [ApostolNT] p. 17. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
coprm  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  P  ||  N  <->  ( P  gcd  N )  =  1 ) )

Proof of Theorem coprm
Dummy variable  z is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 prmz 10873 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  ZZ )
2 gcddvds 10735 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N )  ||  P  /\  ( P  gcd  N ) 
||  N ) )
31, 2sylan 277 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  ||  P  /\  ( P  gcd  N ) 
||  N ) )
43simprd 112 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  ||  N )
5 breq1 3814 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  gcd  N )  =  P  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  ||  N  <->  P  ||  N
) )
64, 5syl5ibcom 153 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  ->  P  ||  N ) )
76con3d 594 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  P  ||  N  ->  -.  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) )
8 0nnn 8343 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  -.  0  e.  NN
9 prmnn 10872 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  NN )
10 eleq1 2145 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( P  =  0  ->  ( P  e.  NN  <->  0  e.  NN ) )
119, 10syl5ibcom 153 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  ( P  =  0  ->  0  e.  NN ) )
128, 11mtoi 623 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  -.  P  =  0 )
1312intnanrd 875 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 ) )
1413adantr 270 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0
) )
15 gcdn0cl 10734 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  /\  -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 ) )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  NN )
1615ex 113 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 )  -> 
( P  gcd  N
)  e.  NN ) )
171, 16sylan 277 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  NN ) )
1814, 17mpd 13 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  NN )
193simpld 110 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  ||  P )
20 isprm2 10879 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  <->  ( P  e.  ( ZZ>= `  2 )  /\  A. z  e.  NN  ( z  ||  P  ->  ( z  =  1  \/  z  =  P ) ) ) )
2120simprbi 269 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  A. z  e.  NN  ( z  ||  P  ->  ( z  =  1  \/  z  =  P ) ) )
22 breq1 3814 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( z  =  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( z  ||  P  <->  ( P  gcd  N )  ||  P ) )
23 eqeq1 2089 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( z  =  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( z  =  1  <->  ( P  gcd  N )  =  1 ) )
24 eqeq1 2089 . . . . . . . . . 10  |-  ( z  =  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( z  =  P  <->  ( P  gcd  N )  =  P ) )
2523, 24orbi12d 740 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( z  =  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( (
z  =  1  \/  z  =  P )  <-> 
( ( P  gcd  N )  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) ) )
2622, 25imbi12d 232 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( z  =  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( (
z  ||  P  ->  ( z  =  1  \/  z  =  P ) )  <->  ( ( P  gcd  N )  ||  P  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N )  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N )  =  P ) ) ) )
2726rspcv 2708 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  gcd  N )  e.  NN  ->  ( A. z  e.  NN  ( z  ||  P  ->  ( z  =  1  \/  z  =  P ) )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  ||  P  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) ) ) )
2821, 27syl5com 29 . . . . . 6  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N )  e.  NN  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  ||  P  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) ) ) )
2928adantr 270 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  e.  NN  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N
)  ||  P  ->  ( ( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) ) ) )
3018, 19, 29mp2d 46 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) )
31 biorf 696 . . . . 5  |-  ( -.  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  -> 
( ( P  gcd  N )  =  1  <->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  \/  ( P  gcd  N )  =  1 ) ) )
32 orcom 680 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  \/  ( P  gcd  N )  =  1 )  <->  ( ( P  gcd  N )  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N )  =  P ) )
3331, 32syl6bb 194 . . . 4  |-  ( -.  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  -> 
( ( P  gcd  N )  =  1  <->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  \/  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P ) ) )
3430, 33syl5ibrcom 155 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  gcd  N
)  =  P  -> 
( P  gcd  N
)  =  1 ) )
357, 34syld 44 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  P  ||  N  -> 
( P  gcd  N
)  =  1 ) )
36 iddvds 10589 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  ZZ  ->  P  ||  P )
371, 36syl 14 . . . . . 6  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  ||  P )
3837adantr 270 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  P  ||  P )
39 dvdslegcd 10736 . . . . . . . . 9  |-  ( ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  /\  -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 ) )  -> 
( ( P  ||  P  /\  P  ||  N
)  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
4039ex 113 . . . . . . . 8  |-  ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 )  ->  ( ( P  ||  P  /\  P  ||  N )  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N
) ) ) )
41403anidm12 1227 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( P  e.  ZZ  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 )  -> 
( ( P  ||  P  /\  P  ||  N
)  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) ) ) )
421, 41sylan 277 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  ( P  =  0  /\  N  =  0 )  ->  ( ( P  ||  P  /\  P  ||  N )  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N
) ) ) )
4314, 42mpd 13 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  ||  P  /\  P  ||  N )  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
4438, 43mpand 420 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  ||  N  ->  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N
) ) )
45 prmgt1 10893 . . . . . 6  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  1  < 
P )
4645adantr 270 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  1  <  P )
471zred 8764 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( P  e.  Prime  ->  P  e.  RR )
4847adantr 270 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  P  e.  RR )
4918nnred 8329 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  RR )
50 1re 7390 . . . . . . 7  |-  1  e.  RR
51 ltletr 7477 . . . . . . 7  |-  ( ( 1  e.  RR  /\  P  e.  RR  /\  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  RR )  ->  (
( 1  <  P  /\  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) )  ->  1  <  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
5250, 51mp3an1 1256 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( P  e.  RR  /\  ( P  gcd  N )  e.  RR )  -> 
( ( 1  < 
P  /\  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) )  ->  1  <  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
5348, 49, 52syl2anc 403 . . . . 5  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( 1  <  P  /\  P  <_  ( P  gcd  N ) )  ->  1  <  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
5446, 53mpand 420 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  <_  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  1  <  ( P  gcd  N ) ) )
55 ltne 7473 . . . . . 6  |-  ( ( 1  e.  RR  /\  1  <  ( P  gcd  N ) )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  =/=  1 )
5650, 55mpan 415 . . . . 5  |-  ( 1  <  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  =/=  1
)
5756a1i 9 . . . 4  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
1  <  ( P  gcd  N )  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  =/=  1 ) )
5844, 54, 573syld 56 . . 3  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( P  ||  N  ->  ( P  gcd  N )  =/=  1 ) )
5958necon2bd 2307 . 2  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  (
( P  gcd  N
)  =  1  ->  -.  P  ||  N ) )
6035, 59impbid 127 1  |-  ( ( P  e.  Prime  /\  N  e.  ZZ )  ->  ( -.  P  ||  N  <->  ( P  gcd  N )  =  1 ) )
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:   -. wn 3    -> wi 4    /\ wa 102    <-> wb 103    \/ wo 662    /\ w3a 920    = wceq 1285    e. wcel 1434    =/= wne 2249   A.wral 2353   class class class wbr 3811   ` cfv 4969  (class class class)co 5591   RRcr 7252   0cc0 7253   1c1 7254    < clt 7425    <_ cle 7426   NNcn 8316   2c2 8366   ZZcz 8646   ZZ>=cuz 8914    || cdvds 10576    gcd cgcd 10718   Primecprime 10869
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 577  ax-in2 578  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-13 1445  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2065  ax-coll 3919  ax-sep 3922  ax-nul 3930  ax-pow 3974  ax-pr 4000  ax-un 4224  ax-setind 4316  ax-iinf 4366  ax-cnex 7339  ax-resscn 7340  ax-1cn 7341  ax-1re 7342  ax-icn 7343  ax-addcl 7344  ax-addrcl 7345  ax-mulcl 7346  ax-mulrcl 7347  ax-addcom 7348  ax-mulcom 7349  ax-addass 7350  ax-mulass 7351  ax-distr 7352  ax-i2m1 7353  ax-0lt1 7354  ax-1rid 7355  ax-0id 7356  ax-rnegex 7357  ax-precex 7358  ax-cnre 7359  ax-pre-ltirr 7360  ax-pre-ltwlin 7361  ax-pre-lttrn 7362  ax-pre-apti 7363  ax-pre-ltadd 7364  ax-pre-mulgt0 7365  ax-pre-mulext 7366  ax-arch 7367  ax-caucvg 7368
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-dc 777  df-3or 921  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-fal 1291  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1688  df-eu 1946  df-mo 1947  df-clab 2070  df-cleq 2076  df-clel 2079  df-nfc 2212  df-ne 2250  df-nel 2345  df-ral 2358  df-rex 2359  df-reu 2360  df-rmo 2361  df-rab 2362  df-v 2614  df-sbc 2827  df-csb 2920  df-dif 2986  df-un 2988  df-in 2990  df-ss 2997  df-nul 3270  df-if 3374  df-pw 3408  df-sn 3428  df-pr 3429  df-op 3431  df-uni 3628  df-int 3663  df-iun 3706  df-br 3812  df-opab 3866  df-mpt 3867  df-tr 3902  df-id 4084  df-po 4087  df-iso 4088  df-iord 4157  df-on 4159  df-ilim 4160  df-suc 4162  df-iom 4369  df-xp 4407  df-rel 4408  df-cnv 4409  df-co 4410  df-dm 4411  df-rn 4412  df-res 4413  df-ima 4414  df-iota 4934  df-fun 4971  df-fn 4972  df-f 4973  df-f1 4974  df-fo 4975  df-f1o 4976  df-fv 4977  df-riota 5547  df-ov 5594  df-oprab 5595  df-mpt2 5596  df-1st 5846  df-2nd 5847  df-recs 6002  df-frec 6088  df-1o 6113  df-2o 6114  df-er 6222  df-en 6388  df-sup 6586  df-pnf 7427  df-mnf 7428  df-xr 7429  df-ltxr 7430  df-le 7431  df-sub 7558  df-neg 7559  df-reap 7952  df-ap 7959  df-div 8038  df-inn 8317  df-2 8375  df-3 8376  df-4 8377  df-n0 8566  df-z 8647  df-uz 8915  df-q 9000  df-rp 9030  df-fz 9320  df-fzo 9444  df-fl 9566  df-mod 9619  df-iseq 9741  df-iexp 9792  df-cj 10103  df-re 10104  df-im 10105  df-rsqrt 10258  df-abs 10259  df-dvds 10577  df-gcd 10719  df-prm 10870
This theorem is referenced by:  prmrp  10904  euclemma  10905  cncongrprm  10916  isoddgcd1  10918  phiprmpw  10978
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