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Theorem algcvg 15912
Description: One way to prove that an algorithm halts is to construct a countdown function 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0 whose value is guaranteed to decrease for each iteration of 𝐹 until it reaches 0. That is, if 𝑋𝑆 is not a fixed point of 𝐹, then (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑋)) < (𝐶𝑋).

If 𝐶 is a countdown function for algorithm 𝐹, the sequence (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)) reaches 0 after at most 𝑁 steps, where 𝑁 is the value of 𝐶 for the initial state 𝐴. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
algcvg.1 𝐹:𝑆𝑆
algcvg.2 𝑅 = seq0((𝐹 ∘ 1st ), (ℕ0 × {𝐴}))
algcvg.3 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0
algcvg.4 (𝑧𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)))
algcvg.5 𝑁 = (𝐶𝐴)
Assertion
Ref Expression
algcvg (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)) = 0)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑧,𝐶   𝑧,𝐹   𝑧,𝑅   𝑧,𝑆
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑧)   𝑁(𝑧)

Proof of Theorem algcvg
Dummy variable 𝑘 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nn0uz 12272 . . . 4 0 = (ℤ‘0)
2 algcvg.2 . . . 4 𝑅 = seq0((𝐹 ∘ 1st ), (ℕ0 × {𝐴}))
3 0zd 11985 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → 0 ∈ ℤ)
4 id 22 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆𝐴𝑆)
5 algcvg.1 . . . . 5 𝐹:𝑆𝑆
65a1i 11 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆𝐹:𝑆𝑆)
71, 2, 3, 4, 6algrf 15909 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑅:ℕ0𝑆)
8 algcvg.5 . . . 4 𝑁 = (𝐶𝐴)
9 algcvg.3 . . . . 5 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0
109ffvelrni 6845 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶𝐴) ∈ ℕ0)
118, 10eqeltrid 2921 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
12 fvco3 6756 . . 3 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)))
137, 11, 12syl2anc 584 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)))
14 fco 6527 . . . 4 ((𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0𝑅:ℕ0𝑆) → (𝐶𝑅):ℕ0⟶ℕ0)
159, 7, 14sylancr 587 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶𝑅):ℕ0⟶ℕ0)
16 0nn0 11904 . . . . . 6 0 ∈ ℕ0
17 fvco3 6756 . . . . . 6 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆 ∧ 0 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)))
187, 16, 17sylancl 586 . . . . 5 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)))
191, 2, 3, 4algr0 15908 . . . . . 6 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝑅‘0) = 𝐴)
2019fveq2d 6670 . . . . 5 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)) = (𝐶𝐴))
2118, 20eqtrd 2860 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶𝐴))
2221, 8syl6reqr 2879 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑁 = ((𝐶𝑅)‘0))
237ffvelrnda 6846 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑅𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)
24 2fveq3 6671 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
2524neeq1d 3079 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0))
26 fveq2 6666 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (𝐶𝑧) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
2724, 26breq12d 5075 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧) ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
2825, 27imbi12d 346 . . . . . 6 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)) ↔ ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))))
29 algcvg.4 . . . . . 6 (𝑧𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)))
3028, 29vtoclga 3578 . . . . 5 ((𝑅𝑘) ∈ 𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3123, 30syl 17 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
32 peano2nn0 11929 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
33 fvco3 6756 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆 ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))))
347, 32, 33syl2an 595 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))))
351, 2, 3, 4, 6algrp1 15910 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘)))
3635fveq2d 6670 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3734, 36eqtrd 2860 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3837neeq1d 3079 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≠ 0 ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0))
39 fvco3 6756 . . . . . 6 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
407, 39sylan 580 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
4137, 40breq12d 5075 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) < ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
4231, 38, 413imtr4d 295 . . 3 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≠ 0 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) < ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘)))
4315, 22, 42nn0seqcvgd 15906 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = 0)
4413, 43eqtr3d 2862 1 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)) = 0)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 396   = wceq 1530  wcel 2106  wne 3020  {csn 4563   class class class wbr 5062   × cxp 5551  ccom 5557  wf 6347  cfv 6351  (class class class)co 7151  1st c1st 7681  0cc0 10529  1c1 10530   + caddc 10532   < clt 10667  0cn0 11889  seqcseq 13362
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1789  ax-4 1803  ax-5 1904  ax-6 1963  ax-7 2008  ax-8 2108  ax-9 2116  ax-10 2137  ax-11 2152  ax-12 2167  ax-ext 2796  ax-sep 5199  ax-nul 5206  ax-pow 5262  ax-pr 5325  ax-un 7454  ax-cnex 10585  ax-resscn 10586  ax-1cn 10587  ax-icn 10588  ax-addcl 10589  ax-addrcl 10590  ax-mulcl 10591  ax-mulrcl 10592  ax-mulcom 10593  ax-addass 10594  ax-mulass 10595  ax-distr 10596  ax-i2m1 10597  ax-1ne0 10598  ax-1rid 10599  ax-rnegex 10600  ax-rrecex 10601  ax-cnre 10602  ax-pre-lttri 10603  ax-pre-lttrn 10604  ax-pre-ltadd 10605  ax-pre-mulgt0 10606
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 208  df-an 397  df-or 844  df-3or 1082  df-3an 1083  df-tru 1533  df-ex 1774  df-nf 1778  df-sb 2063  df-mo 2615  df-eu 2649  df-clab 2803  df-cleq 2817  df-clel 2897  df-nfc 2967  df-ne 3021  df-nel 3128  df-ral 3147  df-rex 3148  df-reu 3149  df-rab 3151  df-v 3501  df-sbc 3776  df-csb 3887  df-dif 3942  df-un 3944  df-in 3946  df-ss 3955  df-pss 3957  df-nul 4295  df-if 4470  df-pw 4543  df-sn 4564  df-pr 4566  df-tp 4568  df-op 4570  df-uni 4837  df-iun 4918  df-br 5063  df-opab 5125  df-mpt 5143  df-tr 5169  df-id 5458  df-eprel 5463  df-po 5472  df-so 5473  df-fr 5512  df-we 5514  df-xp 5559  df-rel 5560  df-cnv 5561  df-co 5562  df-dm 5563  df-rn 5564  df-res 5565  df-ima 5566  df-pred 6145  df-ord 6191  df-on 6192  df-lim 6193  df-suc 6194  df-iota 6311  df-fun 6353  df-fn 6354  df-f 6355  df-f1 6356  df-fo 6357  df-f1o 6358  df-fv 6359  df-riota 7109  df-ov 7154  df-oprab 7155  df-mpo 7156  df-om 7572  df-1st 7683  df-2nd 7684  df-wrecs 7941  df-recs 8002  df-rdg 8040  df-er 8282  df-en 8502  df-dom 8503  df-sdom 8504  df-pnf 10669  df-mnf 10670  df-xr 10671  df-ltxr 10672  df-le 10673  df-sub 10864  df-neg 10865  df-nn 11631  df-n0 11890  df-z 11974  df-uz 12236  df-fz 12886  df-seq 13363
This theorem is referenced by:  algcvga  15915
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