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Theorem algcvg 15624
Description: One way to prove that an algorithm halts is to construct a countdown function 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0 whose value is guaranteed to decrease for each iteration of 𝐹 until it reaches 0. That is, if 𝑋𝑆 is not a fixed point of 𝐹, then (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑋)) < (𝐶𝑋).

If 𝐶 is a countdown function for algorithm 𝐹, the sequence (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)) reaches 0 after at most 𝑁 steps, where 𝑁 is the value of 𝐶 for the initial state 𝐴. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)

Hypotheses
Ref Expression
algcvg.1 𝐹:𝑆𝑆
algcvg.2 𝑅 = seq0((𝐹 ∘ 1st ), (ℕ0 × {𝐴}))
algcvg.3 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0
algcvg.4 (𝑧𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)))
algcvg.5 𝑁 = (𝐶𝐴)
Assertion
Ref Expression
algcvg (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)) = 0)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑧,𝐶   𝑧,𝐹   𝑧,𝑅   𝑧,𝑆
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑧)   𝑁(𝑧)

Proof of Theorem algcvg
Dummy variable 𝑘 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nn0uz 11966 . . . 4 0 = (ℤ‘0)
2 algcvg.2 . . . 4 𝑅 = seq0((𝐹 ∘ 1st ), (ℕ0 × {𝐴}))
3 0zd 11678 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → 0 ∈ ℤ)
4 id 22 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆𝐴𝑆)
5 algcvg.1 . . . . 5 𝐹:𝑆𝑆
65a1i 11 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆𝐹:𝑆𝑆)
71, 2, 3, 4, 6algrf 15621 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑅:ℕ0𝑆)
8 algcvg.5 . . . 4 𝑁 = (𝐶𝐴)
9 algcvg.3 . . . . 5 𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0
109ffvelrni 6584 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶𝐴) ∈ ℕ0)
118, 10syl5eqel 2882 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
12 fvco3 6500 . . 3 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)))
137, 11, 12syl2anc 580 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)))
14 fco 6273 . . . 4 ((𝐶:𝑆⟶ℕ0𝑅:ℕ0𝑆) → (𝐶𝑅):ℕ0⟶ℕ0)
159, 7, 14sylancr 582 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶𝑅):ℕ0⟶ℕ0)
16 0nn0 11597 . . . . . 6 0 ∈ ℕ0
17 fvco3 6500 . . . . . 6 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆 ∧ 0 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)))
187, 16, 17sylancl 581 . . . . 5 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)))
191, 2, 3, 4algr0 15620 . . . . . 6 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝑅‘0) = 𝐴)
2019fveq2d 6415 . . . . 5 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅‘0)) = (𝐶𝐴))
2118, 20eqtrd 2833 . . . 4 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘0) = (𝐶𝐴))
2221, 8syl6reqr 2852 . . 3 (𝐴𝑆𝑁 = ((𝐶𝑅)‘0))
237ffvelrnda 6585 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑅𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)
24 2fveq3 6416 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
2524neeq1d 3030 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0))
26 fveq2 6411 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (𝐶𝑧) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
2724, 26breq12d 4856 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧) ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
2825, 27imbi12d 336 . . . . . 6 (𝑧 = (𝑅𝑘) → (((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)) ↔ ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))))
29 algcvg.4 . . . . . 6 (𝑧𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹𝑧)) < (𝐶𝑧)))
3028, 29vtoclga 3460 . . . . 5 ((𝑅𝑘) ∈ 𝑆 → ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3123, 30syl 17 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0 → (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
32 peano2nn0 11622 . . . . . . 7 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
33 fvco3 6500 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆 ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))))
347, 32, 33syl2an 590 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))))
351, 2, 3, 4, 6algrp1 15622 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘)))
3635fveq2d 6415 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐶‘(𝑅‘(𝑘 + 1))) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3734, 36eqtrd 2833 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) = (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))))
3837neeq1d 3030 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≠ 0 ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) ≠ 0))
39 fvco3 6500 . . . . . 6 ((𝑅:ℕ0𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
407, 39sylan 576 . . . . 5 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) = (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘)))
4137, 40breq12d 4856 . . . 4 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) < ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘) ↔ (𝐶‘(𝐹‘(𝑅𝑘))) < (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑘))))
4231, 38, 413imtr4d 286 . . 3 ((𝐴𝑆𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≠ 0 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘(𝑘 + 1)) < ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑘)))
4315, 22, 42nn0seqcvgd 15618 . 2 (𝐴𝑆 → ((𝐶𝑅)‘𝑁) = 0)
4413, 43eqtr3d 2835 1 (𝐴𝑆 → (𝐶‘(𝑅𝑁)) = 0)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 385   = wceq 1653  wcel 2157  wne 2971  {csn 4368   class class class wbr 4843   × cxp 5310  ccom 5316  wf 6097  cfv 6101  (class class class)co 6878  1st c1st 7399  0cc0 10224  1c1 10225   + caddc 10227   < clt 10363  0cn0 11580  seqcseq 13055
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1891  ax-4 1905  ax-5 2006  ax-6 2072  ax-7 2107  ax-8 2159  ax-9 2166  ax-10 2185  ax-11 2200  ax-12 2213  ax-13 2377  ax-ext 2777  ax-sep 4975  ax-nul 4983  ax-pow 5035  ax-pr 5097  ax-un 7183  ax-cnex 10280  ax-resscn 10281  ax-1cn 10282  ax-icn 10283  ax-addcl 10284  ax-addrcl 10285  ax-mulcl 10286  ax-mulrcl 10287  ax-mulcom 10288  ax-addass 10289  ax-mulass 10290  ax-distr 10291  ax-i2m1 10292  ax-1ne0 10293  ax-1rid 10294  ax-rnegex 10295  ax-rrecex 10296  ax-cnre 10297  ax-pre-lttri 10298  ax-pre-lttrn 10299  ax-pre-ltadd 10300  ax-pre-mulgt0 10301
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 199  df-an 386  df-or 875  df-3or 1109  df-3an 1110  df-tru 1657  df-ex 1876  df-nf 1880  df-sb 2065  df-mo 2591  df-eu 2609  df-clab 2786  df-cleq 2792  df-clel 2795  df-nfc 2930  df-ne 2972  df-nel 3075  df-ral 3094  df-rex 3095  df-reu 3096  df-rab 3098  df-v 3387  df-sbc 3634  df-csb 3729  df-dif 3772  df-un 3774  df-in 3776  df-ss 3783  df-pss 3785  df-nul 4116  df-if 4278  df-pw 4351  df-sn 4369  df-pr 4371  df-tp 4373  df-op 4375  df-uni 4629  df-iun 4712  df-br 4844  df-opab 4906  df-mpt 4923  df-tr 4946  df-id 5220  df-eprel 5225  df-po 5233  df-so 5234  df-fr 5271  df-we 5273  df-xp 5318  df-rel 5319  df-cnv 5320  df-co 5321  df-dm 5322  df-rn 5323  df-res 5324  df-ima 5325  df-pred 5898  df-ord 5944  df-on 5945  df-lim 5946  df-suc 5947  df-iota 6064  df-fun 6103  df-fn 6104  df-f 6105  df-f1 6106  df-fo 6107  df-f1o 6108  df-fv 6109  df-riota 6839  df-ov 6881  df-oprab 6882  df-mpt2 6883  df-om 7300  df-1st 7401  df-2nd 7402  df-wrecs 7645  df-recs 7707  df-rdg 7745  df-er 7982  df-en 8196  df-dom 8197  df-sdom 8198  df-pnf 10365  df-mnf 10366  df-xr 10367  df-ltxr 10368  df-le 10369  df-sub 10558  df-neg 10559  df-nn 11313  df-n0 11581  df-z 11667  df-uz 11931  df-fz 12581  df-seq 13056
This theorem is referenced by:  algcvga  15627
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