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Theorem limsupre3uz 42169
Description: Given a function on the extended reals, its supremum limit is real if and only if two condition holds: 1. there is a real number that is less than or equal to the function, infinitely often; 2. there is a real number that is eventually greater than or equal to the function. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 23-Oct-2021.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
limsupre3uz.1 𝑗𝐹
limsupre3uz.2 (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
limsupre3uz.3 𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)
limsupre3uz.4 (𝜑𝐹:𝑍⟶ℝ*)
Assertion
Ref Expression
limsupre3uz (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑘,𝐹,𝑥   𝑘,𝑍,𝑥   𝑗,𝑘,𝑥
Allowed substitution hints:   𝜑(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)   𝐹(𝑗)   𝑀(𝑥,𝑗,𝑘)   𝑍(𝑗)

Proof of Theorem limsupre3uz
Dummy variables 𝑖 𝑙 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nfcv 2974 . . 3 𝑙𝐹
2 limsupre3uz.2 . . 3 (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
3 limsupre3uz.3 . . 3 𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)
4 limsupre3uz.4 . . 3 (𝜑𝐹:𝑍⟶ℝ*)
51, 2, 3, 4limsupre3uzlem 42168 . 2 (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦)))
6 breq1 5042 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
76rexbidv 3283 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
87ralbidv 3185 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
9 fveq2 6643 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (ℤ𝑖) = (ℤ𝑘))
109rexeqdv 3397 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)))
11 nfcv 2974 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗𝑥
12 nfcv 2974 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗
13 limsupre3uz.1 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑗𝐹
14 nfcv 2974 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑗𝑙
1513, 14nffv 6653 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 𝑗(𝐹𝑙)
1611, 12, 15nfbr 5086 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑗 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙)
17 nfv 1916 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑙 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)
18 fveq2 6643 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → (𝐹𝑙) = (𝐹𝑗))
1918breq2d 5051 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → (𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ 𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2016, 17, 19cbvrexw 3419 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
2120a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2210, 21bitrd 282 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∃𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2322cbvralvw 3426 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
2423a1i 11 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
258, 24bitrd 282 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗)))
2625cbvrexvw 3427 . . . 4 (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗))
27 breq2 5043 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → ((𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ (𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
2827ralbidv 3185 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
2928rexbidv 3283 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
309raleqdv 3396 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥))
3115, 12, 11nfbr 5086 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑗(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥
32 nfv 1916 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑙(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥
3318breq1d 5049 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑙 = 𝑗 → ((𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ (𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3431, 32, 33cbvralw 3418 . . . . . . . . . 10 (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
3534a1i 11 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3630, 35bitrd 282 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑖 = 𝑘 → (∀𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∀𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3736cbvrexvw 3427 . . . . . . 7 (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
3837a1i 11 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑥 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
3929, 38bitrd 282 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
4039cbvrexvw 3427 . . . 4 (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)
4126, 40anbi12i 629 . . 3 ((∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥))
4241a1i 11 . 2 (𝜑 → ((∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)𝑦 ≤ (𝐹𝑙) ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑖𝑍𝑙 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)(𝐹𝑙) ≤ 𝑦) ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
435, 42bitrd 282 1 (𝜑 → ((lim sup‘𝐹) ∈ ℝ ↔ (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)𝑥 ≤ (𝐹𝑗) ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑘𝑍𝑗 ∈ (ℤ𝑘)(𝐹𝑗) ≤ 𝑥)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 209  wa 399   = wceq 1538  wcel 2115  wnfc 2958  wral 3126  wrex 3127   class class class wbr 5039  wf 6324  cfv 6328  cr 10513  *cxr 10651  cle 10653  cz 11959  cuz 12221  lim supclsp 14806
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1912  ax-6 1971  ax-7 2016  ax-8 2117  ax-9 2125  ax-10 2146  ax-11 2162  ax-12 2178  ax-ext 2793  ax-rep 5163  ax-sep 5176  ax-nul 5183  ax-pow 5239  ax-pr 5303  ax-un 7436  ax-cnex 10570  ax-resscn 10571  ax-1cn 10572  ax-icn 10573  ax-addcl 10574  ax-addrcl 10575  ax-mulcl 10576  ax-mulrcl 10577  ax-mulcom 10578  ax-addass 10579  ax-mulass 10580  ax-distr 10581  ax-i2m1 10582  ax-1ne0 10583  ax-1rid 10584  ax-rnegex 10585  ax-rrecex 10586  ax-cnre 10587  ax-pre-lttri 10588  ax-pre-lttrn 10589  ax-pre-ltadd 10590  ax-pre-mulgt0 10591  ax-pre-sup 10592
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2071  df-mo 2623  df-eu 2654  df-clab 2800  df-cleq 2814  df-clel 2892  df-nfc 2960  df-ne 3008  df-nel 3112  df-ral 3131  df-rex 3132  df-reu 3133  df-rmo 3134  df-rab 3135  df-v 3473  df-sbc 3750  df-csb 3858  df-dif 3913  df-un 3915  df-in 3917  df-ss 3927  df-pss 3929  df-nul 4267  df-if 4441  df-pw 4514  df-sn 4541  df-pr 4543  df-tp 4545  df-op 4547  df-uni 4812  df-iun 4894  df-br 5040  df-opab 5102  df-mpt 5120  df-tr 5146  df-id 5433  df-eprel 5438  df-po 5447  df-so 5448  df-fr 5487  df-we 5489  df-xp 5534  df-rel 5535  df-cnv 5536  df-co 5537  df-dm 5538  df-rn 5539  df-res 5540  df-ima 5541  df-pred 6121  df-ord 6167  df-on 6168  df-lim 6169  df-suc 6170  df-iota 6287  df-fun 6330  df-fn 6331  df-f 6332  df-f1 6333  df-fo 6334  df-f1o 6335  df-fv 6336  df-riota 7088  df-ov 7133  df-oprab 7134  df-mpo 7135  df-om 7556  df-wrecs 7922  df-recs 7983  df-rdg 8021  df-er 8264  df-en 8485  df-dom 8486  df-sdom 8487  df-sup 8882  df-inf 8883  df-pnf 10654  df-mnf 10655  df-xr 10656  df-ltxr 10657  df-le 10658  df-sub 10849  df-neg 10850  df-nn 11616  df-n0 11876  df-z 11960  df-uz 12222  df-ico 12722  df-fl 13145  df-ceil 13146  df-limsup 14807
This theorem is referenced by:  limsupvaluz2  42171  supcnvlimsup  42173
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