MPE Home Metamath Proof Explorer < Previous   Next >
Nearby theorems
Mirrors  >  Home  >  MPE Home  >  Th. List  >  alephsing Structured version   Visualization version   GIF version

Theorem alephsing 9377
Description: The cofinality of a limit aleph is the same as the cofinality of its argument, so if (ℵ‘𝐴) < 𝐴, then (ℵ‘𝐴) is singular. Conversely, if (ℵ‘𝐴) is regular (i.e. weakly inaccessible), then (ℵ‘𝐴) = 𝐴, so 𝐴 has to be rather large (see alephfp 9208). Proposition 11.13 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 103. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Mar-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
alephsing (Lim 𝐴 → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))

Proof of Theorem alephsing
Dummy variables 𝑓 𝑥 𝑦 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 alephfnon 9165 . . . . . . 7 ℵ Fn On
2 fnfun 6193 . . . . . . 7 (ℵ Fn On → Fun ℵ)
31, 2ax-mp 5 . . . . . 6 Fun ℵ
4 simpl 470 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
5 resfunexg 6698 . . . . . 6 ((Fun ℵ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ V) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V)
63, 4, 5sylancr 577 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V)
7 limelon 5995 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ On)
8 onss 7214 . . . . . . . 8 (𝐴 ∈ On → 𝐴 ⊆ On)
97, 8syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ⊆ On)
10 fnssres 6209 . . . . . . 7 ((ℵ Fn On ∧ 𝐴 ⊆ On) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴)
111, 9, 10sylancr 577 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴)
12 fvres 6421 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑦𝐴 → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
1312adantl 469 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
14 alephord2i 9177 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝑦𝐴 → (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
1514imp 395 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
1613, 15eqeltrd 2881 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
177, 16sylan 571 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
1817ralrimiva 3150 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∀𝑦𝐴 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴))
19 fnfvrnss 6606 . . . . . . 7 (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦) ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)) → ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
2011, 18, 19syl2anc 575 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴))
21 df-f 6099 . . . . . 6 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) Fn 𝐴 ∧ ran (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ⊆ (ℵ‘𝐴)))
2211, 20, 21sylanbrc 574 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴))
23 alephsmo 9202 . . . . . 6 Smo ℵ
24 fndm 6195 . . . . . . . 8 (ℵ Fn On → dom ℵ = On)
251, 24ax-mp 5 . . . . . . 7 dom ℵ = On
267, 25syl6eleqr 2892 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ dom ℵ)
27 smores 7679 . . . . . 6 ((Smo ℵ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom ℵ) → Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴))
2823, 26, 27sylancr 577 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴))
29 alephlim 9167 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (ℵ‘𝐴) = 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦))
3029eleq2d 2867 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ 𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦)))
31 eliun 4709 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦))
32 alephon 9169 . . . . . . . . . 10 (ℵ‘𝑦) ∈ On
3332onelssi 6043 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦) → 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3433reximi 3194 . . . . . . . 8 (∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3531, 34sylbi 208 . . . . . . 7 (𝑥 𝑦𝐴 (ℵ‘𝑦) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
3630, 35syl6bi 244 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴) → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
3736ralrimiv 3149 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))
38 feq1 6231 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ↔ (ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴)))
39 smoeq 7677 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (Smo 𝑓 ↔ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴)))
40 fveq1 6401 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (𝑓𝑦) = ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴)‘𝑦))
4140, 12sylan9eq 2856 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (𝑓𝑦) = (ℵ‘𝑦))
4241sseq2d 3824 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦𝐴) → (𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4342rexbidva 3233 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4443ralbidv 3170 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → (∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)))
4538, 39, 443anbi123d 1553 . . . . . . 7 (𝑓 = (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) → ((𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) ↔ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))))
4645spcegv 3483 . . . . . 6 ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V → (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦)) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦))))
4746imp 395 . . . . 5 (((ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V ∧ ((ℵ ↾ 𝐴):𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo (ℵ ↾ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (ℵ‘𝑦))) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)))
486, 22, 28, 37, 47syl13anc 1484 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)))
49 alephon 9169 . . . . 5 (ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ On
50 cfcof 9375 . . . . 5 (((ℵ‘𝐴) ∈ On ∧ 𝐴 ∈ On) → (∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
5149, 7, 50sylancr 577 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴⟶(ℵ‘𝐴) ∧ Smo 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ℵ‘𝐴)∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑓𝑦)) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
5248, 51mpd 15 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ V ∧ Lim 𝐴) → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
5352expcom 400 . 2 (Lim 𝐴 → (𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴)))
54 cf0 9352 . . 3 (cf‘∅) = ∅
55 fvprc 6395 . . . 4 𝐴 ∈ V → (ℵ‘𝐴) = ∅)
5655fveq2d 6406 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘∅))
57 fvprc 6395 . . 3 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘𝐴) = ∅)
5854, 56, 573eqtr4a 2862 . 2 𝐴 ∈ V → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
5953, 58pm2.61d1 172 1 (Lim 𝐴 → (cf‘(ℵ‘𝐴)) = (cf‘𝐴))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wa 384  w3a 1100   = wceq 1637  wex 1859  wcel 2155  wral 3092  wrex 3093  Vcvv 3387  wss 3763  c0 4110   ciun 4705  dom cdm 5305  ran crn 5306  cres 5307  Oncon0 5930  Lim wlim 5931  Fun wfun 6089   Fn wfn 6090  wf 6091  cfv 6095  Smo wsmo 7672  cale 9039  cfccf 9040
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1877  ax-4 1894  ax-5 2001  ax-6 2067  ax-7 2103  ax-8 2157  ax-9 2164  ax-10 2184  ax-11 2200  ax-12 2213  ax-13 2419  ax-ext 2781  ax-rep 4957  ax-sep 4968  ax-nul 4977  ax-pow 5029  ax-pr 5090  ax-un 7173  ax-inf2 8779
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 385  df-or 866  df-3or 1101  df-3an 1102  df-tru 1641  df-ex 1860  df-nf 1864  df-sb 2060  df-eu 2633  df-mo 2634  df-clab 2789  df-cleq 2795  df-clel 2798  df-nfc 2933  df-ne 2975  df-ral 3097  df-rex 3098  df-reu 3099  df-rmo 3100  df-rab 3101  df-v 3389  df-sbc 3628  df-csb 3723  df-dif 3766  df-un 3768  df-in 3770  df-ss 3777  df-pss 3779  df-nul 4111  df-if 4274  df-pw 4347  df-sn 4365  df-pr 4367  df-tp 4369  df-op 4371  df-uni 4624  df-int 4663  df-iun 4707  df-br 4838  df-opab 4900  df-mpt 4917  df-tr 4940  df-id 5213  df-eprel 5218  df-po 5226  df-so 5227  df-fr 5264  df-se 5265  df-we 5266  df-xp 5311  df-rel 5312  df-cnv 5313  df-co 5314  df-dm 5315  df-rn 5316  df-res 5317  df-ima 5318  df-pred 5887  df-ord 5933  df-on 5934  df-lim 5935  df-suc 5936  df-iota 6058  df-fun 6097  df-fn 6098  df-f 6099  df-f1 6100  df-fo 6101  df-f1o 6102  df-fv 6103  df-isom 6104  df-riota 6829  df-ov 6871  df-oprab 6872  df-mpt2 6873  df-om 7290  df-1st 7392  df-2nd 7393  df-wrecs 7636  df-smo 7673  df-recs 7698  df-rdg 7736  df-er 7973  df-map 8088  df-en 8187  df-dom 8188  df-sdom 8189  df-fin 8190  df-oi 8648  df-har 8696  df-card 9042  df-aleph 9043  df-cf 9044  df-acn 9045
This theorem is referenced by:  alephom  9686  winafp  9798
  Copyright terms: Public domain W3C validator