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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 33401-33500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theorempoimirlem21 33401* Lemma for poimir 33413 stating that, given a face not on a back face of the cube and a simplex in which it's opposite the final point of the walk, there exists exactly one other simplex containing it. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 𝑁)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)

Theorempoimirlem22 33402* Lemma for poimir 33413, that a given face belongs to exactly two simplices, provided it's not on the boundary of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 𝐾)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)

Theorempoimirlem23 33403* Lemma for poimir 33413, two ways of expressing the property that a face is not on the back face of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑝 ∈ ran (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑉, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇𝑓 + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))(𝑝𝑁) ≠ 0 ↔ ¬ (𝑉 = 𝑁 ∧ ((𝑇𝑁) = 0 ∧ (𝑈𝑁) = 𝑁))))

Theorempoimirlem24 33404* Lemma for poimir 33413, two ways of expressing that a simplex has an admissible face on the back face of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥 ∈ (((0...𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) ↑𝑚 (0...(𝑁 − 1)))(𝑥 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑉, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇𝑓 + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))) ∧ ((0...(𝑁 − 1)) ⊆ ran (𝑝 ∈ ran 𝑥𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝑥(𝑝𝑁) ≠ 0)) ↔ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {𝑉})𝑖 = 𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶 ∧ ¬ (𝑉 = 𝑁 ∧ ((𝑇𝑁) = 0 ∧ (𝑈𝑁) = 𝑁)))))

Theorempoimirlem25 33405* Lemma for poimir 33413 stating that for a given simplex such that no vertex maps to 𝑁, the number of admissible faces is even. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → 𝑁𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶)       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ (#‘{𝑦 ∈ (0...𝑁) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {𝑦})𝑖 = 𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶}))

Theorempoimirlem26 33406* Lemma for poimir 33413 showing an even difference between the number of admissible faces and the number of admissible simplices. Equation (6) of [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ ((#‘{𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑡)})𝑖 = (1st𝑡) / 𝑠𝐶}) − (#‘{𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = 𝐶})))

Theorempoimirlem27 33407* Lemma for poimir 33413 showing that the difference between admissible faces in the whole cube and admissible faces on the back face is even. Equation (7) of [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 0)) → 𝐵 < 𝑛)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 𝐾)) → 𝐵 ≠ (𝑛 − 1))       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ ((#‘{𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑡)})𝑖 = (1st𝑡) / 𝑠𝐶}) − (#‘{𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ∣ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))𝑖 = 𝐶 ∧ ((1st𝑠)‘𝑁) = 0 ∧ ((2nd𝑠)‘𝑁) = 𝑁)})))

Theorempoimirlem28 33408* Lemma for poimir 33413, a variant of Sperner's lemma. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 0)) → 𝐵 < 𝑛)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 𝐾)) → 𝐵 ≠ (𝑛 − 1))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)})∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = 𝐶)

Theorempoimirlem29 33409* Lemma for poimir 33413 connecting cubes of the tessellation to neighborhoods. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   𝑋 = ((𝐹‘(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) ∘𝑓 / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟𝑋)       (𝜑 → (∀𝑖 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)∀𝑚 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘𝑓 / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘}))‘𝑚) ∈ ((𝐶𝑚)(ball‘((abs ∘ − ) ↾ (ℝ × ℝ)))(1 / 𝑖)) → ∀𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝐶𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))))

Theorempoimirlem30 33410* Lemma for poimir 33413 combining poimirlem29 33409 with bwth 21194. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   𝑋 = ((𝐹‘(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) ∘𝑓 / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟𝑋)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝑐𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛)))

Theorempoimirlem31 33411* Lemma for poimir 33413, assigning values to the vertices of the tessellation that meet the hypotheses of both poimirlem30 33410 and poimirlem28 33408. Equation (2) of [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   𝑃 = ((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘𝑓 + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0𝑚 (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁))) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = sup(({0} ∪ {𝑎 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑎)(0 ≤ ((𝐹‘(𝑃𝑓 / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑏) ∧ (𝑃𝑏) ≠ 0)}), ℝ, < ))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟((𝐹‘(𝑃𝑓 / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛))

Theorempoimirlem32 33412* Lemma for poimir 33413, combining poimirlem28 33408, poimirlem30 33410, and poimirlem31 33411 to get Equation (1) of [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 1)) → 0 ≤ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝑐𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛)))

Theorempoimir 33413* Poincare-Miranda theorem. Theorem on [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 1)) → 0 ≤ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼 (𝐹𝑐) = ((1...𝑁) × {0}))

Theorembroucube 33414* Brouwer - or as Kulpa calls it, "Bohl-Brouwer" - fixed point theorem for the unit cube. Theorem on [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑𝑚 (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn (𝑅t 𝐼)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼 𝑐 = (𝐹𝑐))

Theoremheicant 33415 Heine-Cantor theorem: a continuous mapping between metric spaces whose domain is compact is uniformly continuous. Theorem on [Rosenlicht] p. 80. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Aug-2018.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Sep-2020.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (∞Met‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (∞Met‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (MetOpen‘𝐶) ∈ Comp)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ≠ ∅)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ≠ ∅)       (𝜑 → ((metUnif‘𝐶) Cnu(metUnif‘𝐷)) = ((MetOpen‘𝐶) Cn (MetOpen‘𝐷)))

Theoremopnmbllem0 33416* Lemma for ismblfin 33421; could also be used to shorten proof of opnmbllem 23350. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) → ([,] “ {𝑧 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝐴}) = 𝐴)

Theoremmblfinlem1 33417* Lemma for ismblfin 33421, ordering the sets of dyadic intervals that are antichains under subset and whose unions are contained entirely in 𝐴. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:ℕ–1-1-onto→{𝑎 ∈ {𝑏 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑏) ⊆ 𝐴} ∣ ∀𝑐 ∈ {𝑏 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑏) ⊆ 𝐴} (([,]‘𝑎) ⊆ ([,]‘𝑐) → 𝑎 = 𝑐)})

Theoremmblfinlem2 33418* Lemma for ismblfin 33421, effectively one direction of the same fact for open sets, made necessary by Viaclovsky's slightly different defintion of outer measure. Note that unlike the main theorem, this holds for sets of infinite measure. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Feb-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑀 < (vol*‘𝐴)) → ∃𝑠 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑠𝐴𝑀 < (vol*‘𝑠)))

Theoremmblfinlem3 33419* The difference between two sets measurable by the criterion in ismblfin 33421 is itself measurable by the same. Corollary 0.3 of [Viaclovsky7] p. 3. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐵 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐵) ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ) ∧ (vol*‘𝐵) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐵𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ))) → sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏 ⊆ (𝐴𝐵) ∧ 𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ) = (vol*‘(𝐴𝐵)))

Theoremmblfinlem4 33420* Backward direction of ismblfin 33421. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom vol) → (vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ))

Theoremismblfin 33421* Measurability in terms of inner and outer measure. Proposition 7 of [Viaclovsky8] p. 3. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 28-Mar-2018.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 ∈ dom vol ↔ (vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < )))

Theoremovoliunnfl 33422* ovoliun 23254 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Nov-2017.)
((𝑓 Fn ℕ ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑛) ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘(𝑓𝑛)) ∈ ℝ)) → (vol*‘ 𝑚 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑚)) ≤ sup(ran seq1( + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ ↦ (vol*‘(𝑓𝑚)))), ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremex-ovoliunnfl 33423* Demonstration of ovoliunnfl 33422. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Nov-2017.)
((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremvoliunnfl 33424* voliun 23303 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model; in that model, therefore, the Lebesgue measure as we've defined it isn't actually a measure. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Dec-2017.)
𝑆 = seq1( + , 𝐺)    &   𝐺 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (vol‘(𝑓𝑛)))    &   ((∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑛) ∈ dom vol ∧ (vol‘(𝑓𝑛)) ∈ ℝ) ∧ Disj 𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛)) → (vol‘ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛)) = sup(ran 𝑆, ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremvolsupnfl 33425* volsup 23305 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jan-2018.)
((𝑓:ℕ⟶dom vol ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛) ⊆ (𝑓‘(𝑛 + 1))) → (vol‘ ran 𝑓) = sup((vol “ ran 𝑓), ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theorem0mbf 33426 The empty function is measurable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Mar-2018.)
∅ ∈ MblFn

Theoremmbfresfi 33427* Measurability of a piecewise function across arbitrarily many subsets. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ Fin)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠𝑆 (𝐹𝑠) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 𝑆 = 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)

Theoremmbfposadd 33428* If the sum of two measurable functions is measurable, the sum of their nonnegative parts is measurable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Apr-2018.)
(𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (if(0 ≤ 𝐵, 𝐵, 0) + if(0 ≤ 𝐶, 𝐶, 0))) ∈ MblFn)

Theoremcnambfre 33429 A real-valued, a.e. continuous function is measurable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Apr-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom vol ∧ (vol*‘(𝐴 ∖ (((((topGen‘ran (,)) ↾t 𝐴) CnP (topGen‘ran (,))) ∘ E ) “ {𝐹}))) = 0) → 𝐹 ∈ MblFn)

Theoremdvtanlem 33430 Lemma for dvtan 33431- the domain of the tangent is open. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 8-Aug-2018.) (Proof shortened by OpenAI, 3-Jul-2020.)
(cos “ (ℂ ∖ {0})) ∈ (TopOpen‘ℂfld)

Theoremdvtan 33431 Derivative of tangent. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Aug-2018.)
(ℂ D tan) = (𝑥 ∈ dom tan ↦ ((cos‘𝑥)↑-2))

Theoremitg2addnclem 33432* An alternate expression for the 2 integral that includes an arbitrarily small but strictly positive "buffer zone" wherever the simple function is nonzero. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 10-Oct-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 10-Mar-2018.)
𝐿 = {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1(∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑔𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑔𝑧) + 𝑦))) ∘𝑟𝐹𝑥 = (∫1𝑔))}       (𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,]+∞) → (∫2𝐹) = sup(𝐿, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremitg2addnclem2 33433* Lemma for itg2addnc 33435. The function described is a simple function. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-Oct-2017.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))       (((𝜑 ∈ dom ∫1) ∧ 𝑣 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(((((⌊‘((𝐹𝑥) / (𝑣 / 3))) − 1) · (𝑣 / 3)) ≤ (𝑥) ∧ (𝑥) ≠ 0), (((⌊‘((𝐹𝑥) / (𝑣 / 3))) − 1) · (𝑣 / 3)), (𝑥))) ∈ dom ∫1)

Theoremitg2addnclem3 33434* Lemma incomprehensible in isolation split off to shorten proof of itg2addnc 33435. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐹) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∃ ∈ dom ∫1(∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑧) + 𝑦))) ∘𝑟 ≤ (𝐹𝑓 + 𝐺) ∧ 𝑠 = (∫1)) → ∃𝑡𝑢(∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1((∃𝑐 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑓𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑓𝑧) + 𝑐))) ∘𝑟𝐹𝑡 = (∫1𝑓)) ∧ (∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑔𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑔𝑧) + 𝑑))) ∘𝑟𝐺𝑢 = (∫1𝑔))) ∧ 𝑠 = (𝑡 + 𝑢))))

Theoremitg2addnc 33435 Alternate proof of itg2add 23507 using the "buffer zone" definition from the first lemma, in which every simple function in the set is divided into to by dividing its buffer by a third and finding the largest allowable function locked to a grid laid out in increments of the new, smaller buffer up to the original simple function. The measurability of this function follows from that of the augend, and subtracting it from the original simple function yields another simple function by i1fsub 23456, which is allowable by the fact that the grid must have a mark between one third and two thirds the original buffer. This has two advantages over the current approach: first, eliminating ax-cc 9242, and second, weakening the measurability hypothesis to only the augend. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Oct-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐹) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝐹𝑓 + 𝐺)) = ((∫2𝐹) + (∫2𝐺)))

Theoremitg2gt0cn 33436* itg2gt0 23508 holds on functions continuous on an open interval in the absence of ax-cc 9242. The fourth hypothesis is made unnecessary by the continuity hypothesis. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) → 0 < (𝐹𝑥))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹 ↾ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) ∈ ((𝑋(,)𝑌)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → 0 < (∫2𝐹))

Theoremibladdnclem 33437* Lemma for ibladdnc 33438; cf ibladdlem 23567, whose fifth hypothesis is rendered unnecessary by the weakened hypotheses of itg2addnc 33435. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Oct-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐷 = (𝐵 + 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵), 𝐵, 0))) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶), 𝐶, 0))) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐷), 𝐷, 0))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremibladdnc 33438* Choice-free analogue of itgadd 23572. A measurability hypothesis is necessitated by the loss of mbfadd 23409; for large classes of functions, such as continuous functions, it should be relatively easy to show. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 1-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ 𝐿1)

((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐶)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremitgaddnclem2 33440* Lemma for itgaddnc 33441; cf. itgaddlem2 23571. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 10-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 3-Apr-2018.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremitgaddnc 33441* Choice-free analogue of itgadd 23572. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremiblsubnc 33442* Choice-free analogue of iblsub 23569. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitgsubnc 33443* Choice-free analogue of itgsub 23573. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 − ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremiblabsnclem 33444* Lemma for iblabsnc 33445; cf. iblabslem 23575. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥𝐴, (abs‘(𝐹𝐵)), 0))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐹𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐺 ∈ MblFn ∧ (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ))

Theoremiblabsnc 33445* Choice-free analogue of iblabs 23576. As with ibladdnc 33438, a measurability hypothesis is needed. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremiblmulc2nc 33446* Choice-free analogue of iblmulc2 23578. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitgmulc2nclem1 33447* Lemma for itgmulc2nc 33449; cf. itgmulc2lem1 23579. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgmulc2nclem2 33448* Lemma for itgmulc2nc 33449; cf. itgmulc2lem2 23580. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgmulc2nc 33449* Choice-free analogue of itgmulc2 23581. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgabsnc 33450* Choice-free analogue of itgabs 23582. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝐴 ↦ ((∗‘∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) · 𝑦 / 𝑥𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (abs‘∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) ≤ ∫𝐴(abs‘𝐵) d𝑥)

Theorembddiblnc 33451* Choice-free proof of bddibl 23587. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 6-Nov-2017.)
((𝐹 ∈ MblFn ∧ (vol‘dom 𝐹) ∈ ℝ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦 ∈ dom 𝐹(abs‘(𝐹𝑦)) ≤ 𝑥) → 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremcnicciblnc 33452 Choice-free proof of cniccibl 23588. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Nov-2017.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ)) → 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitggt0cn 33453* itggt0 23589 holds for continuous functions in the absence of ax-cc 9242. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌) ↦ 𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌) ↦ 𝐵) ∈ ((𝑋(,)𝑌)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → 0 < ∫(𝑋(,)𝑌)𝐵 d𝑥)

Theoremftc1cnnclem 33454* Lemma for ftc1cnnc 33455; cf. ftc1lem4 23783. The stronger assumptions of ftc1cn 23787 are exploited to make use of weaker theorems. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝑐 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵))    &   𝐻 = (𝑧 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵) ∖ {𝑐}) ↦ (((𝐺𝑧) − (𝐺𝑐)) / (𝑧𝑐)))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑅 ∈ ℝ+)    &   ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵)) → ((abs‘(𝑦𝑐)) < 𝑅 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑦) − (𝐹𝑐))) < 𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘(𝑋𝑐)) < 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘(𝑌𝑐)) < 𝑅)       ((𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌) → (abs‘((((𝐺𝑌) − (𝐺𝑋)) / (𝑌𝑋)) − (𝐹𝑐))) < 𝐸)

Theoremftc1cnnc 33455* Choice-free proof of ftc1cn 23787. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 20-Nov-2017.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)       (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐺) = 𝐹)

Theoremftc1anclem1 33456 Lemma for ftc1anc 33464- the absolute value of a real-valued measurable function is measurable. Would be trivial with cncombf 23406, but this proof avoids ax-cc 9242. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Jun-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℝ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ MblFn) → (abs ∘ 𝐹) ∈ MblFn)

Theoremftc1anclem2 33457* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464- restriction of an integrable function to the absolute value of its real or imaginary part. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 8-Aug-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1𝐺 ∈ {ℜ, ℑ}) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡𝐴, (abs‘(𝐺‘(𝐹𝑡))), 0))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremftc1anclem3 33458 Lemma for ftc1anc 33464- the absolute value of the sum of a simple function and i times another simple function is itself a simple function. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 27-May-2018.)
((𝐹 ∈ dom ∫1𝐺 ∈ dom ∫1) → (abs ∘ (𝐹𝑓 + ((ℝ × {i}) ∘𝑓 · 𝐺))) ∈ dom ∫1)

Theoremftc1anclem4 33459* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Jun-2018.)
((𝐹 ∈ dom ∫1𝐺 ∈ 𝐿1𝐺:ℝ⟶ℝ) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((𝐺𝑡) − (𝐹𝑡))))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremftc1anclem5 33460* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464, the existence of a simple function the integral of whose pointwise difference from the function is less than a given positive real. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Jun-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       ((𝜑𝑌 ∈ ℝ+) → ∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1(∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((ℜ‘if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0)) − (𝑓𝑡))))) < 𝑌)

Theoremftc1anclem6 33461* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464- construction of simple functions within an arbitrary absolute distance of the given function. Similar to Lemma 565Ib of [Fremlin5] p. 218, but without Fremlin's additional step of converting the simple function into a continuous one, which is unnecessary to this lemma's use; also, two simple functions are used to allow for complex-valued 𝐹. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       ((𝜑𝑌 ∈ ℝ+) → ∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1(∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < 𝑌)

Theoremftc1anclem7 33462* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       (((((((𝜑 ∧ (𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1)) ∧ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < (𝑦 / 2)) ∧ ∃𝑟 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)𝑟 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+) ∧ (𝑢 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑢𝑤)) ∧ (abs‘(𝑤𝑢)) < ((𝑦 / 2) / (2 · sup((abs “ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)), ℝ, < )))) → ((∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), (abs‘((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡)))), 0))) + (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), (abs‘((𝐹𝑡) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))), 0)))) < ((𝑦 / 2) + (𝑦 / 2)))

Theoremftc1anclem8 33463* Lemma for ftc1anc 33464. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       (((((((𝜑 ∧ (𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1)) ∧ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < (𝑦 / 2)) ∧ ∃𝑟 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)𝑟 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+) ∧ (𝑢 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑢𝑤)) ∧ (abs‘(𝑤𝑢)) < ((𝑦 / 2) / (2 · sup((abs “ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)), ℝ, < )))) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), ((abs‘((𝐹𝑡) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))) + (abs‘((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))), 0))) < 𝑦)

Theoremftc1anc 33464* ftc1a 23781 holds for functions that obey the triangle inequality in the absence of ax-cc 9242. Theorem 565Ma of [Fremlin5] p. 220. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠 ∈ ((,) “ ((𝐴[,]𝐵) × (𝐴[,]𝐵)))(abs‘∫𝑠(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡) ≤ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡𝑠, (abs‘(𝐹𝑡)), 0))))       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremftc2nc 33465* Choice-free proof of ftc2 23788. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐹) ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐹) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → ∫(𝐴(,)𝐵)((ℝ D 𝐹)‘𝑡) d𝑡 = ((𝐹𝐵) − (𝐹𝐴)))

Theoremasindmre 33466 Real part of domain of differentiability of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (𝐷 ∩ ℝ) = (-1(,)1)

Theoremdvasin 33467* Derivative of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (ℂ D (arcsin ↾ 𝐷)) = (𝑥𝐷 ↦ (1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvacos 33468* Derivative of arccosine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (ℂ D (arccos ↾ 𝐷)) = (𝑥𝐷 ↦ (-1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvreasin 33469 Real derivative of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 3-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
(ℝ D (arcsin ↾ (-1(,)1))) = (𝑥 ∈ (-1(,)1) ↦ (1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvreacos 33470 Real derivative of arccosine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 3-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
(ℝ D (arccos ↾ (-1(,)1))) = (𝑥 ∈ (-1(,)1) ↦ (-1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremareacirclem1 33471* Antiderivative of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
(𝑅 ∈ ℝ+ → (ℝ D (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅(,)𝑅) ↦ ((𝑅↑2) · ((arcsin‘(𝑡 / 𝑅)) + ((𝑡 / 𝑅) · (√‘(1 − ((𝑡 / 𝑅)↑2)))))))) = (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅(,)𝑅) ↦ (2 · (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2))))))

Theoremareacirclem2 33472* Endpoint-inclusive continuity of Cartesian ordinate of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))) ∈ ((-𝑅[,]𝑅)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremareacirclem3 33473* Integrability of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 26-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ (2 · (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2))))) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremareacirclem4 33474* Endpoint-inclusive continuity of antiderivative of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
(𝑅 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ ((𝑅↑2) · ((arcsin‘(𝑡 / 𝑅)) + ((𝑡 / 𝑅) · (√‘(1 − ((𝑡 / 𝑅)↑2))))))) ∈ ((-𝑅[,]𝑅)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremareacirclem5 33475* Finding the cross-section of a circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 22-Sep-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
𝑆 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) ≤ (𝑅↑2))}       ((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅𝑡 ∈ ℝ) → (𝑆 “ {𝑡}) = if((abs‘𝑡) ≤ 𝑅, (-(√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))[,](√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))), ∅))

Theoremareacirc 33476* The area of a circle of radius 𝑅 is π · 𝑅↑2. This is Metamath 100 proof #9. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 22-Sep-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
𝑆 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) ≤ (𝑅↑2))}       ((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (area‘𝑆) = (π · (𝑅↑2)))

20.19.1  Logic and set theory

Theoremanim12da 33477 Conjoin antecedents and consequents in a deduction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 16-Jun-2011.)
((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜃)    &   ((𝜑𝜒) → 𝜏)       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝜓𝜒)) → (𝜃𝜏))

Theoremunirep 33478* Define a quantity whose definition involves a choice of representative, but which is uniquely determined regardless of the choice. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.)
(𝑦 = 𝐷 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐷𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧𝐵 = 𝐹)    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((∀𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴 ((𝜑𝜒) → 𝐵 = 𝐹) ∧ (𝐷𝐴𝜓)) → (℩𝑥𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵)) = 𝐶)

Theoremcover2 33479* Two ways of expressing the statement "there is a cover of 𝐴 by elements of 𝐵 such that for each set in the cover, 𝜑." Note that 𝜑 and 𝑥 must be distinct. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 20-Jun-2010.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐴 = 𝐵       (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝑥𝑦𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵( 𝑧 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝜑))

Theoremcover2g 33480* Two ways of expressing the statement "there is a cover of 𝐴 by elements of 𝐵 such that for each set in the cover, 𝜑." Note that 𝜑 and 𝑥 must be distinct. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 21-Jun-2010.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐵𝐶 → (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝑥𝑦𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵( 𝑧 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝜑)))

Theorembrabg2 33481* Relation by a binary relation abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝑅 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}    &   (𝜒𝐴𝐶)       (𝐵𝐷 → (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝜒))

Theoremopelopab3 33482* Ordered pair membership in an ordered pair class abstraction, with a reduced hypothesis. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 29-May-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜒𝐴𝐶)       (𝐵𝐷 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ↔ 𝜒))

Theoremcocanfo 33483 Cancellation of a surjective function from the right side of a composition. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
(((𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵𝐺 Fn 𝐵𝐻 Fn 𝐵) ∧ (𝐺𝐹) = (𝐻𝐹)) → 𝐺 = 𝐻)

Theorembrresi 33484 Restriction of a binary relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴(𝑅𝐶)𝐵𝐴𝑅𝐵)

Theoremfnopabeqd 33485* Equality deduction for function abstractions. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐶)})

Theoremfvopabf4g 33486* Function value of an operator abstraction whose domain is a set of functions with given domain and range. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Dec-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝑅𝑚 𝐷) ↦ 𝐵)       ((𝐷𝑋𝑅𝑌𝐴:𝐷𝑅) → (𝐹𝐴) = 𝐶)

Theoremeqfnun 33487 Two functions on 𝐴𝐵 are equal if and only if they have equal restrictions to both 𝐴 and 𝐵. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
((𝐹 Fn (𝐴𝐵) ∧ 𝐺 Fn (𝐴𝐵)) → (𝐹 = 𝐺 ↔ ((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐺𝐴) ∧ (𝐹𝐵) = (𝐺𝐵))))

Theoremfnopabco 33488* Composition of a function with a function abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵𝐶)    &   𝐹 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)}    &   𝐺 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = (𝐻𝐵))}       (𝐻 Fn 𝐶𝐺 = (𝐻𝐹))

Theoremopropabco 33489* Composition of an operator with a function abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 11-Jun-2010.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵𝑅)    &   (𝑥𝐴𝐶𝑆)    &   𝐹 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)}    &   𝐺 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = (𝐵𝑀𝐶))}       (𝑀 Fn (𝑅 × 𝑆) → 𝐺 = (𝑀𝐹))

Theoremf1opr 33490* Condition for an operation to be one-to-one. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
(𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)–1-1𝐶 ↔ (𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)⟶𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑟𝐴𝑠𝐵𝑡𝐴𝑢𝐵 ((𝑟𝐹𝑠) = (𝑡𝐹𝑢) → (𝑟 = 𝑡𝑠 = 𝑢))))

Theoremcocnv 33491 Composition with a function and then with the converse. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((Fun 𝐹 ∧ Fun 𝐺) → ((𝐹𝐺) ∘ 𝐺) = (𝐹 ↾ ran 𝐺))

Theoremf1ocan1fv 33492 Cancel a composition by a bijection by preapplying the converse. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝑋𝐵) → ((𝐹𝐺)‘(𝐺𝑋)) = (𝐹𝑋))

Theoremf1ocan2fv 33493 Cancel a composition by the converse of a bijection by preapplying the bijection. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝑋𝐴) → ((𝐹𝐺)‘(𝐺𝑋)) = (𝐹𝑋))

Theoreminixp 33494* Intersection of Cartesian products over the same base set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶) = X𝑥𝐴 (𝐵𝐶)

Theoremupixp 33495* Universal property of the indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
𝑋 = X𝑏𝐴 (𝐶𝑏)    &   𝑃 = (𝑤𝐴 ↦ (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑥𝑤)))       ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆 ∧ ∀𝑎𝐴 (𝐹𝑎):𝐵⟶(𝐶𝑎)) → ∃!(:𝐵𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑎𝐴 (𝐹𝑎) = ((𝑃𝑎) ∘ )))

Theoremabrexdom 33496* An indexed set is dominated by the indexing set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑦𝐴 → ∃*𝑥𝜑)       (𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝜑} ≼ 𝐴)

Theoremabrexdom2 33497* An indexed set is dominated by the indexing set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 = 𝐵} ≼ 𝐴)

Theoremac6gf 33498* Axiom of Choice. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝑦𝜓    &   (𝑦 = (𝑓𝑥) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓))

Theoremindexa 33499* If for every element of an indexing set 𝐴 there exists a corresponding element of another set 𝐵, then there exists a subset of 𝐵 consisting only of those elements which are indexed by 𝐴. Used to avoid the Axiom of Choice in situations where only the range of the choice function is needed. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝐵𝑀 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑐(𝑐𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑐 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑐𝑥𝐴 𝜑))

Theoremindexdom 33500* If for every element of an indexing set 𝐴 there exists a corresponding element of another set 𝐵, then there exists a subset of 𝐵 consisting only of those elements which are indexed by 𝐴, and which is dominated by the set 𝐴. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝐴𝑀 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑐((𝑐𝐴𝑐𝐵) ∧ (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑐 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑐𝑥𝐴 𝜑)))

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