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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 27601-27700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremnmounbi 27601* Two ways two express that an operator is unbounded. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       (𝑇:𝑋𝑌 → ((𝑁𝑇) = +∞ ↔ ∀𝑟 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑦𝑋 ((𝐿𝑦) ≤ 1 ∧ 𝑟 < (𝑀‘(𝑇𝑦)))))
 
Theoremnmounbseqi 27602* An unbounded operator determines an unbounded sequence. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Apr-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇:𝑋𝑌 ∧ (𝑁𝑇) = +∞) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:ℕ⟶𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝐿‘(𝑓𝑘)) ≤ 1 ∧ 𝑘 < (𝑀‘(𝑇‘(𝑓𝑘))))))
 
TheoremnmounbseqiALT 27603* Alternate shorter proof of nmounbseqi 27602 based on axioms ax-reg 8482 and ax-ac2 9270 instead of ax-cc 9242. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇:𝑋𝑌 ∧ (𝑁𝑇) = +∞) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:ℕ⟶𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝐿‘(𝑓𝑘)) ≤ 1 ∧ 𝑘 < (𝑀‘(𝑇‘(𝑓𝑘))))))
 
Theoremnmobndseqi 27604* A bounded sequence determines a bounded operator. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Apr-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇:𝑋𝑌 ∧ ∀𝑓((𝑓:ℕ⟶𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝐿‘(𝑓𝑘)) ≤ 1) → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑀‘(𝑇‘(𝑓𝑘))) ≤ 𝑘)) → (𝑁𝑇) ∈ ℝ)
 
TheoremnmobndseqiALT 27605* Alternate shorter proof of nmobndseqi 27604 based on axioms ax-reg 8482 and ax-ac2 9270 instead of ax-cc 9242. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇:𝑋𝑌 ∧ ∀𝑓((𝑓:ℕ⟶𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝐿‘(𝑓𝑘)) ≤ 1) → ∃𝑘 ∈ ℕ (𝑀‘(𝑇‘(𝑓𝑘))) ≤ 𝑘)) → (𝑁𝑇) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theorembloval 27606* The class of bounded linear operators between two normed complex vector spaces. (Contributed by NM, 6-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝐵 = {𝑡𝐿 ∣ (𝑁𝑡) < +∞})
 
Theoremisblo 27607 The predicate "is a bounded linear operator." (Contributed by NM, 6-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → (𝑇𝐵 ↔ (𝑇𝐿 ∧ (𝑁𝑇) < +∞)))
 
Theoremisblo2 27608 The predicate "is a bounded linear operator." (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → (𝑇𝐵 ↔ (𝑇𝐿 ∧ (𝑁𝑇) ∈ ℝ)))
 
Theorembloln 27609 A bounded operator is a linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐵) → 𝑇𝐿)
 
Theoremblof 27610 A bounded operator is an operator. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐵) → 𝑇:𝑋𝑌)
 
Theoremnmblore 27611 The norm of a bounded operator is a real number. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐵) → (𝑁𝑇) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theorem0ofval 27612 The zero operator between two normed complex vector spaces. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑍 = (0vec𝑊)    &   𝑂 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝑂 = (𝑋 × {𝑍}))
 
Theorem0oval 27613 Value of the zero operator. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑍 = (0vec𝑊)    &   𝑂 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → (𝑂𝐴) = 𝑍)
 
Theorem0oo 27614 The zero operator is an operator. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝑍:𝑋𝑌)
 
Theorem0lno 27615 The zero operator is linear. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝑍𝐿)
 
Theoremnmoo0 27616 The operator norm of the zero operator. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → (𝑁𝑍) = 0)
 
Theorem0blo 27617 The zero operator is a bounded linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝑍𝐵)
 
Theoremnmlno0lem 27618 Lemma for nmlno0i 27619. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑇𝐿    &   𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝑅 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑊)    &   𝑃 = (0vec𝑈)    &   𝑄 = (0vec𝑊)    &   𝐾 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)       ((𝑁𝑇) = 0 ↔ 𝑇 = 𝑍)
 
Theoremnmlno0i 27619 The norm of a linear operator is zero iff the operator is zero. (Contributed by NM, 6-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       (𝑇𝐿 → ((𝑁𝑇) = 0 ↔ 𝑇 = 𝑍))
 
Theoremnmlno0 27620 The norm of a linear operator is zero iff the operator is zero. (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐿) → ((𝑁𝑇) = 0 ↔ 𝑇 = 𝑍))
 
Theoremnmlnoubi 27621* An upper bound for the operator norm of a linear operator, using only the properties of nonzero arguments. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑍 = (0vec𝑈)    &   𝐾 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇𝐿 ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋 (𝑥𝑍 → (𝑀‘(𝑇𝑥)) ≤ (𝐴 · (𝐾𝑥)))) → (𝑁𝑇) ≤ 𝐴)
 
Theoremnmlnogt0 27622 The norm of a nonzero linear operator is positive. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝑍 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐿) → (𝑇𝑍 ↔ 0 < (𝑁𝑇)))
 
Theoremlnon0 27623* The domain of a nonzero linear operator contains a nonzero vector. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑍 = (0vec𝑈)    &   𝑂 = (𝑈 0op 𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)       (((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇𝐿) ∧ 𝑇𝑂) → ∃𝑥𝑋 𝑥𝑍)
 
Theoremnmblolbii 27624 A lower bound for the norm of a bounded linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 7-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑇𝐵       (𝐴𝑋 → (𝑀‘(𝑇𝐴)) ≤ ((𝑁𝑇) · (𝐿𝐴)))
 
Theoremnmblolbi 27625 A lower bound for the norm of a bounded linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐿 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇𝐵𝐴𝑋) → (𝑀‘(𝑇𝐴)) ≤ ((𝑁𝑇) · (𝐿𝐴)))
 
Theoremisblo3i 27626* The predicate "is a bounded linear operator." Definition 2.7-1 of [Kreyszig] p. 91. (Contributed by NM, 11-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       (𝑇𝐵 ↔ (𝑇𝐿 ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝑋 (𝑁‘(𝑇𝑦)) ≤ (𝑥 · (𝑀𝑦))))
 
Theoremblo3i 27627* Properties that determine a bounded linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑀 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇𝐿𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑦𝑋 (𝑁‘(𝑇𝑦)) ≤ (𝐴 · (𝑀𝑦))) → 𝑇𝐵)
 
Theoremblometi 27628 Upper bound for the distance between the values of a bounded linear operator. (Contributed by NM, 11-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝑁 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       ((𝑇𝐵𝑃𝑋𝑄𝑋) → ((𝑇𝑃)𝐷(𝑇𝑄)) ≤ ((𝑁𝑇) · (𝑃𝐶𝑄)))
 
Theoremblocnilem 27629 Lemma for blocni 27630 and lnocni 27631. If a linear operator is continuous at any point, it is bounded. (Contributed by NM, 17-Dec-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐶)    &   𝐾 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑇𝐿    &   𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)       ((𝑃𝑋𝑇 ∈ ((𝐽 CnP 𝐾)‘𝑃)) → 𝑇𝐵)
 
Theoremblocni 27630 A linear operator is continuous iff it is bounded. Theorem 2.7-9(a) of [Kreyszig] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐶)    &   𝐾 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑇𝐿       (𝑇 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾) ↔ 𝑇𝐵)
 
Theoremlnocni 27631 If a linear operator is continuous at any point, it is continuous everywhere. Theorem 2.7-9(b) of [Kreyszig] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 18-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐶)    &   𝐾 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑇𝐿    &   𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)       ((𝑃𝑋𝑇 ∈ ((𝐽 CnP 𝐾)‘𝑃)) → 𝑇 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))
 
Theoremblocn 27632 A linear operator is continuous iff it is bounded. Theorem 2.7-9(a) of [Kreyszig] p. 97. (Contributed by NM, 25-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐶)    &   𝐾 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝐿 = (𝑈 LnOp 𝑊)       (𝑇𝐿 → (𝑇 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾) ↔ 𝑇𝐵))
 
Theoremblocn2 27633 A bounded linear operator is continuous. (Contributed by NM, 25-Dec-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐶 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐶)    &   𝐾 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       (𝑇𝐵𝑇 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾))
 
Theoremajfval 27634* The adjoint function. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑄 = (·𝑖OLD𝑊)    &   𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → 𝐴 = {⟨𝑡, 𝑠⟩ ∣ (𝑡:𝑋𝑌𝑠:𝑌𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑌 ((𝑡𝑥)𝑄𝑦) = (𝑥𝑃(𝑠𝑦)))})
 
Theoremhmoval 27635* The set of Hermitian (self-adjoint) operators on a normed complex vector space. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐻 = (HmOp‘𝑈)    &   𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec → 𝐻 = {𝑡 ∈ dom 𝐴 ∣ (𝐴𝑡) = 𝑡})
 
Theoremishmo 27636 The predicate "is a hermitian operator." (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐻 = (HmOp‘𝑈)    &   𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec → (𝑇𝐻 ↔ (𝑇 ∈ dom 𝐴 ∧ (𝐴𝑇) = 𝑇)))
 
18.5  Inner product (pre-Hilbert) spaces
 
18.5.1  Definition and basic properties
 
Syntaxccphlo 27637 Extend class notation with the class of all complex inner product spaces (also called pre-Hilbert spaces).
class CPreHilOLD
 
Definitiondf-ph 27638* Define the class of all complex inner product spaces. An inner product space is a normed vector space whose norm satisfies the parallelogram law (a property that induces an inner product). Based on Exercise 4(b) of [ReedSimon] p. 63. The vector operation is 𝑔, the scalar product is 𝑠, and the norm is 𝑛. An inner product space is also called a pre-Hilbert space. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
CPreHilOLD = (NrmCVec ∩ {⟨⟨𝑔, 𝑠⟩, 𝑛⟩ ∣ ∀𝑥 ∈ ran 𝑔𝑦 ∈ ran 𝑔(((𝑛‘(𝑥𝑔𝑦))↑2) + ((𝑛‘(𝑥𝑔(-1𝑠𝑦)))↑2)) = (2 · (((𝑛𝑥)↑2) + ((𝑛𝑦)↑2)))})
 
Theoremphnv 27639 Every complex inner product space is a normed complex vector space. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec)
 
Theoremphrel 27640 The class of all complex inner product spaces is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Rel CPreHilOLD
 
Theoremphnvi 27641 Every complex inner product space is a normed complex vector space. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec
 
Theoremisphg 27642* The predicate "is a complex inner product space." An inner product space is a normed vector space whose norm satisfies the parallelogram law. The vector (group) addition operation is 𝐺, the scalar product is 𝑆, and the norm is 𝑁. An inner product space is also called a pre-Hilbert space. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = ran 𝐺       ((𝐺𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑁𝐶) → (⟨⟨𝐺, 𝑆⟩, 𝑁⟩ ∈ CPreHilOLD ↔ (⟨⟨𝐺, 𝑆⟩, 𝑁⟩ ∈ NrmCVec ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 (((𝑁‘(𝑥𝐺𝑦))↑2) + ((𝑁‘(𝑥𝐺(-1𝑆𝑦)))↑2)) = (2 · (((𝑁𝑥)↑2) + ((𝑁𝑦)↑2))))))
 
Theoremphop 27643 A complex inner product space in terms of ordered pair components. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝑈 = ⟨⟨𝐺, 𝑆⟩, 𝑁⟩)
 
18.5.2  Examples of pre-Hilbert spaces
 
Theoremcncph 27644 The set of complex numbers is an inner product (pre-Hilbert) space. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 28-Apr-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑈 = ⟨⟨ + , · ⟩, abs⟩       𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD
 
Theoremelimph 27645 Hypothesis elimination lemma for complex inner product spaces to assist weak deduction theorem. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑍 = (0vec𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       if(𝐴𝑋, 𝐴, 𝑍) ∈ 𝑋
 
Theoremelimphu 27646 Hypothesis elimination lemma for complex inner product spaces to assist weak deduction theorem. (Contributed by NM, 6-May-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
if(𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD, 𝑈, ⟨⟨ + , · ⟩, abs⟩) ∈ CPreHilOLD
 
18.5.3  Properties of pre-Hilbert spaces
 
Theoremisph 27647* The predicate "is an inner product space." (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ↔ (𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 (((𝑁‘(𝑥𝐺𝑦))↑2) + ((𝑁‘(𝑥𝑀𝑦))↑2)) = (2 · (((𝑁𝑥)↑2) + ((𝑁𝑦)↑2)))))
 
Theoremphpar2 27648 The parallelogram law for an inner product space. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺𝐵))↑2) + ((𝑁‘(𝐴𝑀𝐵))↑2)) = (2 · (((𝑁𝐴)↑2) + ((𝑁𝐵)↑2))))
 
Theoremphpar 27649 The parallelogram law for an inner product space. (Contributed by NM, 2-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺𝐵))↑2) + ((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺(-1𝑆𝐵)))↑2)) = (2 · (((𝑁𝐴)↑2) + ((𝑁𝐵)↑2))))
 
Theoremip0i 27650 A slight variant of Equation 6.46 of [Ponnusamy] p. 362, where 𝐽 is either 1 or -1 to represent +-1. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐶𝑋    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝐽 ∈ ℂ       ((((𝑁‘((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝐺(𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2) − ((𝑁‘((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝐺(-𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2)) + (((𝑁‘((𝐴𝐺(-1𝑆𝐵))𝐺(𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2) − ((𝑁‘((𝐴𝐺(-1𝑆𝐵))𝐺(-𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2))) = (2 · (((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺(𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2) − ((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺(-𝐽𝑆𝐶)))↑2)))
 
Theoremip1ilem 27651 Lemma for ip1i 27652. (Contributed by NM, 21-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐶𝑋    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝐽 ∈ ℂ       (((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃𝐶) + ((𝐴𝐺(-1𝑆𝐵))𝑃𝐶)) = (2 · (𝐴𝑃𝐶))
 
Theoremip1i 27652 Equation 6.47 of [Ponnusamy] p. 362. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐶𝑋       (((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃𝐶) + ((𝐴𝐺(-1𝑆𝐵))𝑃𝐶)) = (2 · (𝐴𝑃𝐶))
 
Theoremip2i 27653 Equation 6.48 of [Ponnusamy] p. 362. (Contributed by NM, 26-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋       ((2𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (2 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))
 
Theoremipdirilem 27654 Lemma for ipdiri 27655. (Contributed by NM, 26-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐶𝑋       ((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐶) + (𝐵𝑃𝐶))
 
Theoremipdiri 27655 Distributive law for inner product. Equation I3 of [Ponnusamy] p. 362. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋) → ((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐶) + (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremipasslem1 27656 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐴𝑋) → ((𝑁𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (𝑁 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem2 27657 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for nonpositive integers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐴𝑋) → ((-𝑁𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (-𝑁 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem3 27658 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for all integers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → ((𝑁𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (𝑁 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem4 27659 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for positive integer reciprocals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → (((1 / 𝑁)𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = ((1 / 𝑁) · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem5 27660 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for rational numbers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝐶 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴𝑋) → ((𝐶𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem7 27661* Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show that ((𝑤𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) − (𝑤 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)) is continuous on . (Contributed by NM, 23-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-May-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐹 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ (((𝑤𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) − (𝑤 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))))    &   𝐽 = (topGen‘ran (,))    &   𝐾 = (TopOpen‘ℂfld)       𝐹 ∈ (𝐽 Cn 𝐾)
 
Theoremipasslem8 27662* Lemma for ipassi 27666. By ipasslem5 27660, 𝐹 is 0 for all ; since it is continuous and is dense in by qdensere2 22581, we conclude 𝐹 is 0 for all . (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-May-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐹 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ (((𝑤𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) − (𝑤 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))))       𝐹:ℝ⟶{0}
 
Theoremipasslem9 27663 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Conclude from ipasslem8 27662 the inner product associative law for real numbers. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋       (𝐶 ∈ ℝ → ((𝐶𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipasslem10 27664 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for the imaginary number i. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)       ((i𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (i · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))
 
Theoremipasslem11 27665 Lemma for ipassi 27666. Show the inner product associative law for all complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋       (𝐶 ∈ ℂ → ((𝐶𝑆𝐴)𝑃𝐵) = (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)))
 
Theoremipassi 27666 Associative law for inner product. Equation I2 of [Ponnusamy] p. 363. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋) → ((𝐴𝑆𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = (𝐴 · (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipdir 27667 Distributive law for inner product. Equation I3 of [Ponnusamy] p. 362. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐶) + (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipdi 27668 Distributive law for inner product. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → (𝐴𝑃(𝐵𝐺𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐵) + (𝐴𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremip2dii 27669 Inner product of two sums. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝐶𝑋    &   𝐷𝑋       ((𝐴𝐺𝐵)𝑃(𝐶𝐺𝐷)) = (((𝐴𝑃𝐶) + (𝐵𝑃𝐷)) + ((𝐴𝑃𝐷) + (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipass 27670 Associative law for inner product. Equation I2 of [Ponnusamy] p. 363. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝑆𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = (𝐴 · (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipassr 27671 "Associative" law for second argument of inner product (compare dipass 27670). (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶𝑋)) → (𝐴𝑃(𝐵𝑆𝐶)) = ((∗‘𝐵) · (𝐴𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipassr2 27672 "Associative" law for inner product. Conjugate version of dipassr 27671. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶𝑋)) → (𝐴𝑃((∗‘𝐵)𝑆𝐶)) = (𝐵 · (𝐴𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipsubdir 27673 Distributive law for inner product subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → ((𝐴𝑀𝐵)𝑃𝐶) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐶) − (𝐵𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theoremdipsubdi 27674 Distributive law for inner product subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD ∧ (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋𝐶𝑋)) → (𝐴𝑃(𝐵𝑀𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝑃𝐵) − (𝐴𝑃𝐶)))
 
Theorempythi 27675 The Pythagorean theorem for an arbitrary complex inner product (pre-Hilbert) space 𝑈. The square of the norm of the sum of two orthogonal vectors (i.e. whose inner product is 0) is the sum of the squares of their norms. Problem 2 in [Kreyszig] p. 135. This is Metamath 100 proof #4. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ( +𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋       ((𝐴𝑃𝐵) = 0 → ((𝑁‘(𝐴𝐺𝐵))↑2) = (((𝑁𝐴)↑2) + ((𝑁𝐵)↑2)))
 
Theoremsiilem1 27676 Lemma for sii 27679. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)) ∈ ℝ    &   0 ≤ (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))       ((𝐵𝑃𝐴) = (𝐶 · ((𝑁𝐵)↑2)) → (√‘((𝐴𝑃𝐵) · (𝐶 · ((𝑁𝐵)↑2)))) ≤ ((𝑁𝐴) · (𝑁𝐵)))
 
Theoremsiilem2 27677 Lemma for sii 27679. (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑆 = ( ·𝑠OLD𝑈)       ((𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵)) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ (𝐶 · (𝐴𝑃𝐵))) → ((𝐵𝑃𝐴) = (𝐶 · ((𝑁𝐵)↑2)) → (√‘((𝐴𝑃𝐵) · (𝐶 · ((𝑁𝐵)↑2)))) ≤ ((𝑁𝐴) · (𝑁𝐵))))
 
Theoremsiii 27678 Inference from sii 27679. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐴𝑋    &   𝐵𝑋       (abs‘(𝐴𝑃𝐵)) ≤ ((𝑁𝐴) · (𝑁𝐵))
 
Theoremsii 27679 Schwarz inequality. Part of Lemma 3-2.1(a) of [Kreyszig] p. 137. This is also called the Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by some authors and Bunjakovaskij-Cauchy-Schwarz inequality by others. See also theorems bcseqi 27947, bcsiALT 28006, bcsiHIL 28007, csbren 23163. This is Metamath 100 proof #78. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (abs‘(𝐴𝑃𝐵)) ≤ ((𝑁𝐴) · (𝑁𝐵)))
 
Theoremsspph 27680 A subspace of an inner product space is an inner product space. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐻 = (SubSp‘𝑈)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝑊𝐻) → 𝑊 ∈ CPreHilOLD)
 
Theoremipblnfi 27681* A function 𝐹 generated by varying the first argument of an inner product (with its second argument a fixed vector 𝐴) is a bounded linear functional, i.e. a bounded linear operator from the vector space to . (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝐶 = ⟨⟨ + , · ⟩, abs⟩    &   𝐵 = (𝑈 BLnOp 𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑥𝑃𝐴))       (𝐴𝑋𝐹𝐵)
 
Theoremip2eqi 27682* Two vectors are equal iff their inner products with all other vectors are equal. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑋) → (∀𝑥𝑋 (𝑥𝑃𝐴) = (𝑥𝑃𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremphoeqi 27683* A condition implying that two operators are equal. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ((𝑆:𝑌𝑋𝑇:𝑌𝑋) → (∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑌 (𝑥𝑃(𝑆𝑦)) = (𝑥𝑃(𝑇𝑦)) ↔ 𝑆 = 𝑇))
 
Theoremajmoi 27684* Every operator has at most one adjoint. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD       ∃*𝑠(𝑠:𝑌𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑌 ((𝑇𝑥)𝑄𝑦) = (𝑥𝑃(𝑠𝑦)))
 
Theoremajfuni 27685 The adjoint function is a function. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑊)    &   𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec       Fun 𝐴
 
Theoremajfun 27686 The adjoint function is a function. This is not immediately apparent from df-aj 27575 but results from the uniqueness shown by ajmoi 27684. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec) → Fun 𝐴)
 
Theoremajval 27687* Value of the adjoint function. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jan-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   𝑃 = (·𝑖OLD𝑈)    &   𝑄 = (·𝑖OLD𝑊)    &   𝐴 = (𝑈adj𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇:𝑋𝑌) → (𝐴𝑇) = (℩𝑠(𝑠:𝑌𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑌 ((𝑇𝑥)𝑄𝑦) = (𝑥𝑃(𝑠𝑦)))))
 
18.6  Complex Banach spaces
 
18.6.1  Definition and basic properties
 
Syntaxccbn 27688 Extend class notation with the class of all complex Banach spaces.
class CBan
 
Definitiondf-cbn 27689 Define the class of all complex Banach spaces. (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2006.) (New usage is discouraged.)
CBan = {𝑢 ∈ NrmCVec ∣ (IndMet‘𝑢) ∈ (CMet‘(BaseSet‘𝑢))}
 
Theoremiscbn 27690 A complex Banach space is a normed complex vector space with a complete induced metric. (Contributed by NM, 5-Dec-2006.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ CBan ↔ (𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝐷 ∈ (CMet‘𝑋)))
 
Theoremcbncms 27691 The induced metric on complex Banach space is complete. (Contributed by NM, 8-Sep-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)       (𝑈 ∈ CBan → 𝐷 ∈ (CMet‘𝑋))
 
Theorembnnv 27692 Every complex Banach space is a normed complex vector space. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑈 ∈ CBan → 𝑈 ∈ NrmCVec)
 
Theorembnrel 27693 The class of all complex Banach spaces is a relation. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
Rel CBan
 
Theorembnsscmcl 27694 A subspace of a Banach space is a Banach space iff it is closed in the norm-induced metric of the parent space. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝐻 = (SubSp‘𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ CBan ∧ 𝑊𝐻) → (𝑊 ∈ CBan ↔ 𝑌 ∈ (Clsd‘𝐽)))
 
18.6.2  Examples of complex Banach spaces
 
Theoremcnbn 27695 The set of complex numbers is a complex Banach space. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 4-Jan-2007.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑈 = ⟨⟨ + , · ⟩, abs⟩       𝑈 ∈ CBan
 
18.6.3  Uniform Boundedness Theorem
 
Theoremubthlem1 27696* Lemma for ubth 27699. The function 𝐴 exhibits a countable collection of sets that are closed, being the inverse image under 𝑡 of the closed ball of radius 𝑘, and by assumption they cover 𝑋. Thus, by the Baire Category theorem bcth2 23108, for some 𝑛 the set 𝐴𝑛 has an interior, meaning that there is a closed ball {𝑧𝑋 ∣ (𝑦𝐷𝑧) ≤ 𝑟} in the set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝑈 ∈ CBan    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   (𝜑𝑇 ⊆ (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑋𝑐 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑥)) ≤ 𝑐)    &   𝐴 = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑧𝑋 ∣ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑧)) ≤ 𝑘})       (𝜑 → ∃𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑦𝑋𝑟 ∈ ℝ+ {𝑧𝑋 ∣ (𝑦𝐷𝑧) ≤ 𝑟} ⊆ (𝐴𝑛))
 
Theoremubthlem2 27697* Lemma for ubth 27699. Given that there is a closed ball 𝐵(𝑃, 𝑅) in 𝐴𝐾, for any 𝑥𝐵(0, 1), we have 𝑃 + 𝑅 · 𝑥𝐵(𝑃, 𝑅) and 𝑃𝐵(𝑃, 𝑅), so both of these have norm(𝑡(𝑧)) ≤ 𝐾 and so norm(𝑡(𝑥 )) ≤ (norm(𝑡(𝑃)) + norm(𝑡(𝑃 + 𝑅 · 𝑥))) / 𝑅 ≤ ( 𝐾 + 𝐾) / 𝑅, which is our desired uniform bound. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝑈 ∈ CBan    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   (𝜑𝑇 ⊆ (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑋𝑐 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑥)) ≤ 𝑐)    &   𝐴 = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑧𝑋 ∣ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑧)) ≤ 𝑘})    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑃𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑅 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑 → {𝑧𝑋 ∣ (𝑃𝐷𝑧) ≤ 𝑅} ⊆ (𝐴𝐾))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 ((𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)‘𝑡) ≤ 𝑑)
 
Theoremubthlem3 27698* Lemma for ubth 27699. Prove the reverse implication, using nmblolbi 27625. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝑈 ∈ CBan    &   𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec    &   (𝜑𝑇 ⊆ (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝑋𝑐 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑥)) ≤ 𝑐 ↔ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 ((𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)‘𝑡) ≤ 𝑑))
 
Theoremubth 27699* Uniform Boundedness Theorem, also called the Banach-Steinhaus Theorem. Let 𝑇 be a collection of bounded linear operators on a Banach space. If, for every vector 𝑥, the norms of the operators' values are bounded, then the operators' norms are also bounded. Theorem 4.7-3 of [Kreyszig] p. 249. See also http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Uniform_boundedness_principle. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2007.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑊)    &   𝑀 = (𝑈 normOpOLD 𝑊)       ((𝑈 ∈ CBan ∧ 𝑊 ∈ NrmCVec ∧ 𝑇 ⊆ (𝑈 BLnOp 𝑊)) → (∀𝑥𝑋𝑐 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑁‘(𝑡𝑥)) ≤ 𝑐 ↔ ∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑡𝑇 (𝑀𝑡) ≤ 𝑑))
 
18.6.4  Minimizing Vector Theorem
 
Theoremminvecolem1 27700* Lemma for minveco 27710. The set of all distances from points of 𝑌 to 𝐴 are a nonempty set of nonnegative reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-May-2014.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑋 = (BaseSet‘𝑈)    &   𝑀 = ( −𝑣𝑈)    &   𝑁 = (normCV𝑈)    &   𝑌 = (BaseSet‘𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑈 ∈ CPreHilOLD)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ ((SubSp‘𝑈) ∩ CBan))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   𝐷 = (IndMet‘𝑈)    &   𝐽 = (MetOpen‘𝐷)    &   𝑅 = ran (𝑦𝑌 ↦ (𝑁‘(𝐴𝑀𝑦)))       (𝜑 → (𝑅 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝑅 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑤𝑅 0 ≤ 𝑤))
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206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42316
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