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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 25101-25200   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremcgr3simp3 25101 Deduce segment congruence from a triangle congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) = (𝐹 𝐷))
 
Theoremcgr3swap12 25102 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐵𝐴𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐸𝐷𝐹”⟩)
 
Theoremcgr3swap23 25103 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐶𝐵”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐹𝐸”⟩)
 
Theoremcgr3swap13 25104 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐵𝐴”⟩ ⟨“𝐹𝐸𝐷”⟩)
 
Theoremcgr3rotr 25105 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐶𝐴𝐵”⟩ ⟨“𝐹𝐷𝐸”⟩)
 
Theoremcgr3rotl 25106 Permutation law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐵𝐶𝐴”⟩ ⟨“𝐸𝐹𝐷”⟩)
 
Theoremtrgcgrcom 25107 Commutative law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)
 
Theoremcgr3tr 25108 Transitivity law for three-place congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐽𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐾𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐿𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩ ⟨“𝐽𝐾𝐿”⟩)       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐽𝐾𝐿”⟩)
 
Theoremtgbtwnxfr 25109 A condition for extending betweenness to a new set of points based on congruence with another set of points. Theorem 4.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))       (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐹))
 
Theoremtgcgr4 25110 Two quadrilaterals to be congruent to each other if one triangle formed by their vertices is, and the additional points are equidistant too. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Oct-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)       (𝜑 → (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷”⟩ ⟨“𝑊𝑋𝑌𝑍”⟩ ↔ (⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝑊𝑋𝑌”⟩ ∧ ((𝐴 𝐷) = (𝑊 𝑍) ∧ (𝐵 𝐷) = (𝑋 𝑍) ∧ (𝐶 𝐷) = (𝑌 𝑍)))))
 
15.2.6  Motions
 
Syntaxcismt 25111 Declare the constant for the isometry builder.
class Ismt
 
Definitiondf-ismt 25112* Define the set of isometries between two structures. Definition 4.8 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. See isismt 25113. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Dec-2019.)
Ismt = (𝑔 ∈ V, ∈ V ↦ {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:(Base‘𝑔)–1-1-onto→(Base‘) ∧ ∀𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑔)∀𝑏 ∈ (Base‘𝑔)((𝑓𝑎)(dist‘)(𝑓𝑏)) = (𝑎(dist‘𝑔)𝑏))})
 
Theoremisismt 25113* Property of being an isometry. Compare with isismty 32654. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Dec-2019.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝑃 = (Base‘𝐻)    &   𝐷 = (dist‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐻)       ((𝐺𝑉𝐻𝑊) → (𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐻) ↔ (𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto𝑃 ∧ ∀𝑎𝐵𝑏𝐵 ((𝐹𝑎) (𝐹𝑏)) = (𝑎𝐷𝑏))))
 
Theoremismot 25114* Property of being an isometry mapping to the same space. In geometry, this is also called a motion. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)       (𝐺𝑉 → (𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺) ↔ (𝐹:𝑃1-1-onto𝑃 ∧ ∀𝑎𝑃𝑏𝑃 ((𝐹𝑎) (𝐹𝑏)) = (𝑎 𝑏))))
 
Theoremmotcgr 25115 Property of a motion: distances are preserved. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴) (𝐹𝐵)) = (𝐴 𝐵))
 
Theoremidmot 25116 The identity is a motion. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)       (𝜑 → ( I ↾ 𝑃) ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))
 
Theoremmotf1o 25117 Motions are bijections. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑𝐹:𝑃1-1-onto𝑃)
 
Theoremmotcl 25118 Closure of motions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝑃)
 
Theoremmotco 25119 The composition of two motions is a motion. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐻) ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))
 
Theoremcnvmot 25120 The converse of a motion is a motion. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))
 
Theoremmotplusg 25121* The operation for motions is their composition. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   𝐼 = {⟨(Base‘ndx), (𝐺Ismt𝐺)⟩, ⟨(+g‘ndx), (𝑓 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺), 𝑔 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺) ↦ (𝑓𝑔))⟩}    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑 → (𝐹(+g𝐼)𝐻) = (𝐹𝐻))
 
Theoremmotgrp 25122* The motions of a geometry form a group with respect to function composition, called the Isometry group. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   𝐼 = {⟨(Base‘ndx), (𝐺Ismt𝐺)⟩, ⟨(+g‘ndx), (𝑓 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺), 𝑔 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺) ↦ (𝑓𝑔))⟩}       (𝜑𝐼 ∈ Grp)
 
Theoremmotcgrg 25123* Property of a motion: distances are preserved. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   𝐼 = {⟨(Base‘ndx), (𝐺Ismt𝐺)⟩, ⟨(+g‘ndx), (𝑓 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺), 𝑔 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺) ↦ (𝑓𝑔))⟩}    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑇 ∈ Word 𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑇) 𝑇)
 
Theoremmotcgr3 25124 Property of a motion: distances are preserved, special case of triangles. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷 = (𝐻𝐴))    &   (𝜑𝐸 = (𝐻𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝐹 = (𝐻𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ (𝐺Ismt𝐺))       (𝜑 → ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩ ⟨“𝐷𝐸𝐹”⟩)
 
15.2.7  Colinearity
 
Theoremtglng 25125* Lines of a Tarski Geometry. This relates to both Definition 4.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. and Definition 6.14 of [Schwabhauser] p. 45. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ TarskiG → 𝐿 = (𝑥𝑃, 𝑦 ∈ (𝑃 ∖ {𝑥}) ↦ {𝑧𝑃 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑦) ∨ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑧𝐼𝑦) ∨ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑧))}))
 
Theoremtglnfn 25126 Lines as functions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ TarskiG → 𝐿 Fn ((𝑃 × 𝑃) ∖ I ))
 
Theoremtglnunirn 25127 Lines are sets of points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ TarskiG → ran 𝐿𝑃)
 
Theoremtglnpt 25128 Lines are sets of points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-Oct-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ran 𝐿)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐴)       (𝜑𝑋𝑃)
 
Theoremtglngne 25129 It takes two different points to form a line. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 6-Aug-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌))       (𝜑𝑋𝑌)
 
Theoremtglngval 25130* The line going through points 𝑋 and 𝑌. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)       (𝜑 → (𝑋𝐿𝑌) = {𝑧𝑃 ∣ (𝑧 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 ∈ (𝑧𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑧))})
 
Theoremtglnssp 25131 Lines are subset of the geometry base set. That is, lines are sets of points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)       (𝜑 → (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ⊆ 𝑃)
 
Theoremtgellng 25132 Property of lying on the line going through points 𝑋 and 𝑌. Definition 4.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 36. We choose the notation 𝑍 ∈ (𝑋(LineG‘𝐺)𝑌) instead of "colinear" because LineG is a common structure slot for other axiomatizations of geometry. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ↔ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 ∈ (𝑍𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑍))))
 
Theoremtgcolg 25133 We choose the notation (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌) instead of "colinear" in order to avoid defining an additional symbol for colinearity because LineG is a common structure slot for other axiomatizations of geometry. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌) ↔ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 ∈ (𝑍𝐼𝑌) ∨ 𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑍))))
 
Theorembtwncolg1 25134 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))
 
Theorembtwncolg2 25135 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝑍𝐼𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))
 
Theorembtwncolg3 25136 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑍))       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))
 
Theoremcolcom 25137 Swapping the points defining a line keeps it unchanged. Part of Theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 34. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑌𝐿𝑋) ∨ 𝑌 = 𝑋))
 
Theoremcolrot1 25138 Rotating the points defining a line. Part of Theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 34. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑋 ∈ (𝑌𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑌 = 𝑍))
 
Theoremcolrot2 25139 Rotating the points defining a line. Part of Theorem 4.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 34. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑍𝐿𝑋) ∨ 𝑍 = 𝑋))
 
Theoremncolcom 25140 Swapping non-colinear points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Oct-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑌𝐿𝑋) ∨ 𝑌 = 𝑋))
 
Theoremncolrot1 25141 Rotating non-colinear points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Oct-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑋 ∈ (𝑌𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑌 = 𝑍))
 
Theoremncolrot2 25142 Rotating non-colinear points. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Oct-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑌 ∈ (𝑍𝐿𝑋) ∨ 𝑍 = 𝑋))
 
Theoremtgdim01ln 25143 In geometries of dimension lower than 2, any 3 points are colinear. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Aug-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐺DimTarskiG≥2)       (𝜑 → (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))
 
Theoremncoltgdim2 25144 If there are 3 non-colinear points, dimension must be 2 or more. tglowdim2l 25229 converse. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ (𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑌))       (𝜑𝐺DimTarskiG≥2)
 
Theoremlnxfr 25145 Transfer law for colinearity. Theorem 4.13 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝑋𝑌𝑍”⟩ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)       (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐶) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremlnext 25146* Extend a line with a missing point. Theorem 4.14 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝑌) = (𝐴 𝐵))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝑃 ⟨“𝑋𝑌𝑍”⟩ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝑐”⟩)
 
Theoremtgfscgr 25147 Congruence law for the general five segment configuration. Theorem 4.16 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → ⟨“𝑋𝑌𝑍”⟩ ⟨“𝐴𝐵𝐶”⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝑇) = (𝐴 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 𝑇) = (𝐵 𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)       (𝜑 → (𝑍 𝑇) = (𝐶 𝐷))
 
Theoremlncgr 25148 Congruence rule for lines. Theorem 4.17 of [Schwabhauser] p. 37. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝐴) = (𝑋 𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 𝐴) = (𝑌 𝐵))       (𝜑 → (𝑍 𝐴) = (𝑍 𝐵))
 
Theoremlnid 25149 Identity law for points on lines. Theorem 4.18 of [Schwabhauser] p. 38. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑍) ∨ 𝑋 = 𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝑍) = (𝑋 𝐴))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 𝑍) = (𝑌 𝐴))       (𝜑𝑍 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremtgidinside 25150 Law for finding a point inside a segment. Theorem 4.19 of [Schwabhauser] p. 38. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &    = (cgrG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑋 𝑍) = (𝑋 𝐴))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑌 𝑍) = (𝑌 𝐴))       (𝜑𝑍 = 𝐴)
 
15.2.8  Connectivity of betweenness
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn1lem1 25151 Lemma for tgbtwnconn1 25154. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐽𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐻))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐽))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐷) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐹) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐻) = (𝐵 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹 𝐽) = (𝐵 𝐷))       (𝜑𝐻 = 𝐽)
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn1lem2 25152 Lemma for tgbtwnconn1 25154. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐽𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐻))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐽))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐷) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐹) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐻) = (𝐵 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹 𝐽) = (𝐵 𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐹) = (𝐶 𝐷))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn1lem3 25153 Lemma for tgbtwnconn1 25154. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐻𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐽𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐻))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐽))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐷) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐹) = (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 𝐻) = (𝐵 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹 𝐽) = (𝐵 𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐸)       (𝜑𝐷 = 𝐹)
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn1 25154 Connectivity law for betweenness. Theorem 5.1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 39-41. In earlier presentations of Tarski's axioms, this theorem appeared as an additional axiom. It was derived from the other axioms by Gupta, 1965. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷) ∨ 𝐷 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶)))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn2 25155 Another connectivity law for betweenness. Theorem 5.2 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐵𝐼𝐷) ∨ 𝐷 ∈ (𝐵𝐼𝐶)))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn3 25156 Inner connectivity law for betweenness. Theorem 5.3 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶) ∨ 𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐵)))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconnln3 25157 Derive colinearity from betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)       (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐶) ∨ 𝐴 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconn22 25158 Double connectivity law for betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐸))       (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐸))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconnln1 25159 Derive colinearity from betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐶𝐿𝐷) ∨ 𝐶 = 𝐷))
 
Theoremtgbtwnconnln2 25160 Derive colinearity from betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐷))       (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝐶𝐿𝐷) ∨ 𝐶 = 𝐷))
 
15.2.9  Less-than relation in geometric congruences
 
Syntaxcleg 25161 Less-than relation for geometric congruences.
class ≤G
 
Definitiondf-leg 25162* Define the less-than relationship between geometric distance congruence classes. See legval 25163. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Jun-2019.)
≤G = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {⟨𝑒, 𝑓⟩ ∣ [(Base‘𝑔) / 𝑝][(dist‘𝑔) / 𝑑][(Itv‘𝑔) / 𝑖]𝑥𝑝𝑦𝑝 (𝑓 = (𝑥𝑑𝑦) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑝 (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝑖𝑦) ∧ 𝑒 = (𝑥𝑑𝑧)))})
 
Theoremlegval 25163* Value of the less-than relationship. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)       (𝜑 = {⟨𝑒, 𝑓⟩ ∣ ∃𝑥𝑃𝑦𝑃 (𝑓 = (𝑥 𝑦) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑃 (𝑧 ∈ (𝑥𝐼𝑦) ∧ 𝑒 = (𝑥 𝑧)))})
 
Theoremlegov 25164* Value of the less-than relationship. Definition 5.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷) ↔ ∃𝑧𝑃 (𝑧 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐷) ∧ (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐶 𝑧))))
 
Theoremlegov2 25165* An equivalent definition of the less-than relationship. Definition 5.5 of [Schwabhauser] p. 41. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷) ↔ ∃𝑥𝑃 (𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝑥) ∧ (𝐴 𝑥) = (𝐶 𝐷))))
 
Theoremlegid 25166 Reflexivity of the less-than relationship. Proposition 5.7 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐴 𝐵))
 
Theorembtwnleg 25167 Betweenness implies less-than relation. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Jul-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐴 𝐶))
 
Theoremlegtrd 25168 Transitivity of the less-than relationship. Proposition 5.8 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐷) (𝐸 𝐹))       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐸 𝐹))
 
Theoremlegtri3 25169 Equality from the less-than relationship. Proposition 5.9 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐷) (𝐴 𝐵))       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐶 𝐷))
 
Theoremlegtrid 25170 Trichotomy law for the less-than relationship. Proposition 5.10 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷) ∨ (𝐶 𝐷) (𝐴 𝐵)))
 
Theoremleg0 25171 Degenerated (zero-length) segments are minimal. Proposition 5.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐴) (𝐶 𝐷))
 
Theoremlegeq 25172 Deduce equality from "less than" null segments. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 12-Aug-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremlegbtwn 25173 Deduce betweenness from "less than" relation. Corresponds loosely to Proposition 6.13 of [Schwabhauser] p. 45. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Aug-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐵) ∨ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐴)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 𝐴) (𝐶 𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐵))
 
Theoremtgcgrsub2 25174 Removing identical parts from the end of a line segment preserves congruence. In this version the order of points is not known. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Apr-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐸𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑃)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶) ∨ 𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐵)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐸 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐹) ∨ 𝐹 ∈ (𝐷𝐼𝐸)))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐷 𝐸))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐶) = (𝐷 𝐹))       (𝜑 → (𝐵 𝐶) = (𝐸 𝐹))
 
Theoremltgseg 25175* The set 𝐸 denotes the possible values of the congruence. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐸 = ( “ (𝑃 × 𝑃))    &   (𝜑 → Fun )    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐸)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑃𝑦𝑃 𝐴 = (𝑥 𝑦))
 
Theoremltgov 25176 Strict "shorter than" geometric relation between segments. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐸 = ( “ (𝑃 × 𝑃))    &   (𝜑 → Fun )    &    < = (( 𝐸) ∖ I )    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃 × 𝑃) ⊆ dom )    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐵) < (𝐶 𝐷) ↔ ((𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷) ∧ (𝐴 𝐵) ≠ (𝐶 𝐷))))
 
Theoremlegov3 25177 An equivalent definition of the less-than relationship, from the strict relation. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐸 = ( “ (𝑃 × 𝑃))    &   (𝜑 → Fun )    &    < = (( 𝐸) ∖ I )    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃 × 𝑃) ⊆ dom )    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐵) (𝐶 𝐷) ↔ ((𝐴 𝐵) < (𝐶 𝐷) ∨ (𝐴 𝐵) = (𝐶 𝐷))))
 
Theoremlegso 25178 The shorter-than relationship builds an order over pairs. Remark 5.13 of [Schwabhauser] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Jun-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &    = (≤G‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐸 = ( “ (𝑃 × 𝑃))    &   (𝜑 → Fun )    &    < = (( 𝐸) ∖ I )    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃 × 𝑃) ⊆ dom )       (𝜑< Or 𝐸)
 
15.2.10  Rays
 
Syntaxchlg 25179 Function producing the relation "belong to the same half-line".
class hlG
 
Definitiondf-hlg 25180* Define the function producting the relation "belong to the same half-line" (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2020.)
hlG = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ (𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝑔) ↦ {⟨𝑎, 𝑏⟩ ∣ ((𝑎 ∈ (Base‘𝑔) ∧ 𝑏 ∈ (Base‘𝑔)) ∧ (𝑎𝑐𝑏𝑐 ∧ (𝑎 ∈ (𝑐(Itv‘𝑔)𝑏) ∨ 𝑏 ∈ (𝑐(Itv‘𝑔)𝑎))))}))
 
Theoremishlg 25181 Rays : Definition 6.1 of [Schwabhauser] p. 43. With this definition, 𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵 means that 𝐴 and 𝐵 are on the same ray with initial point 𝐶. This follows the same notation as Schwabhauser where rays are first defined as a relation. It is possible to recover the ray itself using e.g. ((𝐾𝐶) “ {𝐴}) (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Dec-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)       (𝜑 → (𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶 ∧ (𝐴 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐵) ∨ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐴)))))
 
Theoremhlcomb 25182 The half-line relation commutes. Theorem 6.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)       (𝜑 → (𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵𝐵(𝐾𝐶)𝐴))
 
Theoremhlcomd 25183 The half-line relation commutes. Theorem 6.6 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵)       (𝜑𝐵(𝐾𝐶)𝐴)
 
Theoremhlne1 25184 The half-line relation implies inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴𝐶)
 
Theoremhlne2 25185 The half-line relation implies inequality. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵)       (𝜑𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremhlln 25186 The half-line relation implies colinearity, part of Theorem 6.4 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐵𝐿𝐶))
 
Theoremhleqnid 25187 The endpoint does not belong to the half-line. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴(𝐾𝐴)𝐵)
 
Theoremhlid 25188 The half-line relation is reflexive. Theorem 6.5 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐴)
 
Theoremhltr 25189 The half-line relation is transitive. Theorem 6.7 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐷)𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵(𝐾𝐷)𝐶)       (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐷)𝐶)
 
Theoremhlbtwn 25190 Betweenness is a sufficient condition to swap half-lines. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Feb-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐶𝐼𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝐶)       (𝜑 → (𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐵𝐴(𝐾𝐶)𝐷))
 
Theorembtwnhl1 25191 Deduce half-line from betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 4-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐴)       (𝜑𝐶(𝐾𝐴)𝐵)
 
Theorembtwnhl2 25192 Deduce half-line from betweenness. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 4-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐵))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝐵)       (𝜑𝐶(𝐾𝐵)𝐴)
 
Theorembtwnhl 25193 Swap betweenness for a half-line. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 2-Mar-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐴(𝐾𝐷)𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶))       (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (𝐵𝐼𝐶))
 
Theoremlnhl 25194 Either a point 𝐶 on the line AB is on the same side as 𝐴 or on the opposite side. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Sep-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝐿𝐵))       (𝜑 → (𝐶(𝐾𝐵)𝐴𝐵 ∈ (𝐴𝐼𝐶)))
 
Theoremhlcgrex 25195* Construct a point on a half-line, at a given distance of its origin. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝑃 (𝑥(𝐾𝐴)𝐷 ∧ (𝐴 𝑥) = (𝐵 𝐶)))
 
Theoremhlcgreulem 25196 Lemma for hlcgreu 25197. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋(𝐾𝐴)𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝑌(𝐾𝐴)𝐷)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝑋) = (𝐵 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝑌) = (𝐵 𝐶))       (𝜑𝑋 = 𝑌)
 
Theoremhlcgreu 25197* The point constructed in hlcgrex 25195 is unique. Theorem 6.11 of [Schwabhauser] p. 44. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2020.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐾 = (hlG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑃)    &    = (dist‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥𝑃 (𝑥(𝐾𝐴)𝐷 ∧ (𝐴 𝑥) = (𝐵 𝐶)))
 
15.2.11  Lines
 
Theorembtwnlng1 25198 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑌))       (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌))
 
Theorembtwnlng2 25199 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝑍𝐼𝑌))       (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌))
 
Theorembtwnlng3 25200 Betweenness implies colinearity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Mar-2019.)
𝑃 = (Base‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (Itv‘𝐺)    &   𝐿 = (LineG‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ TarskiG)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑃)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝑋𝐼𝑍))       (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑋𝐿𝑌))
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