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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 10001-10100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremcomraddd 10001 Commute RHS addition, in deduction form. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
(𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 = (𝐵 + 𝐶))       (𝜑𝐴 = (𝐶 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremltaddneg 10002 Adding a negative number to another number decreases it. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 < 0 ↔ (𝐵 + 𝐴) < 𝐵))
 
Theoremltaddnegr 10003 Adding a negative number to another number decreases it. (Contributed by AV, 19-Mar-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 < 0 ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐵) < 𝐵))
 
5.3  Real and complex numbers - basic operations
 
5.3.1  Addition
 
Theoremadd12 10004 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremadd32 10005 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd32r 10006 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum, rearranging the parentheses. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-May-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd4 10007 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-1999.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷)))
 
Theoremadd42 10008 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 12-May-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵)))
 
Theoremadd12i 10009 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremadd32i 10010 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵)
 
Theoremadd4i 10011 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷))
 
Theoremadd42i 10012 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by NM, 22-Aug-1999.) (Proof shortened by OpenAI, 25-Mar-2020.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐷 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd12d 10013 Commutative/associative law that swaps the first two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremadd32d 10014 Commutative/associative law that swaps the last two terms in a triple sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremadd4d 10015 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐵 + 𝐷)))
 
Theoremadd42d 10016 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) + (𝐷 + 𝐵)))
 
5.3.2  Subtraction
 
Syntaxcmin 10017 Extend class notation to include subtraction.
class
 
Syntaxcneg 10018 Extend class notation to include unary minus. The symbol - is not a class by itself but part of a compound class definition. We do this rather than making it a formal function since it is so commonly used. Note: We use different symbols for unary minus (-) and subtraction cmin 10017 () to prevent syntax ambiguity. For example, looking at the syntax definition co 6426, if we used the same symbol then "( − 𝐴𝐵) " could mean either "𝐴 " minus "𝐵", or it could represent the (meaningless) operation of classes " " and "𝐵 " connected with "operation" "𝐴". On the other hand, "(-𝐴𝐵) " is unambiguous.
class -𝐴
 
Definitiondf-sub 10019* Define subtraction. Theorem subval 10023 shows its value (and describes how this definition works), theorem subaddi 10119 relates it to addition, and theorems subcli 10108 and resubcli 10094 prove its closure laws. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-1994.)
− = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ, 𝑦 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ (𝑦 + 𝑧) = 𝑥))
 
Definitiondf-neg 10020 Define the negative of a number (unary minus). We use different symbols for unary minus (-) and subtraction () to prevent syntax ambiguity. See cneg 10018 for a discussion of this. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
-𝐴 = (0 − 𝐴)
 
Theorem0cnALT 10021 Alternate proof of 0cn 9787 which does not reference ax-1cn 9749. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
0 ∈ ℂ
 
Theoremnegeu 10022* Existential uniqueness of negatives. Theorem I.2 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐴 + 𝑥) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsubval 10023* Value of subtraction, which is the (unique) element 𝑥 such that 𝐵 + 𝑥 = 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴𝐵) = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ (𝐵 + 𝑥) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremnegeq 10024 Equality theorem for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 10-Feb-1995.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → -𝐴 = -𝐵)
 
Theoremnegeqi 10025 Equality inference for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1995.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       -𝐴 = -𝐵
 
Theoremnegeqd 10026 Equality deduction for negatives. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1999.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → -𝐴 = -𝐵)
 
Theoremnfnegd 10027 Deduction version of nfneg 10028. (Contributed by NM, 29-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝑥𝐴)       (𝜑𝑥-𝐴)
 
Theoremnfneg 10028 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for the negative of a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴       𝑥-𝐴
 
Theoremcsbnegg 10029 Move class substitution in and out of the negative of a number. (Contributed by NM, 1-Mar-2008.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 / 𝑥-𝐵 = -𝐴 / 𝑥𝐵)
 
Theoremnegex 10030 A negative is a set. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-2005.)
-𝐴 ∈ V
 
Theoremsubcl 10031 Closure law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnegcl 10032 Closure law for negative. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → -𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnegicn 10033 -i is a complex number (common case). (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 7-Dec-2018.)
-i ∈ ℂ
 
Theoremsubf 10034 Subtraction is an operation on the complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.)
− :(ℂ × ℂ)⟶ℂ
 
Theoremsubadd 10035 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐵 + 𝐶) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremsubadd2 10036 Relationship between subtraction and addition. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 5-Jul-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐶 + 𝐵) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremsubsub23 10037 Swap subtrahend and result of subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 𝐶 ↔ (𝐴𝐶) = 𝐵))
 
Theorempncan 10038 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theorempncan2 10039 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐴) = 𝐵)
 
Theorempncan3 10040 Subtraction and addition of equals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐴)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremnpcan 10041 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐵) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremaddsubass 10042 Associative-type law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐶)))
 
Theoremaddsub 10043 Law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2001.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐶) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubadd23 10044 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐶𝐵)))
 
Theoremaddsub12 10045 Commutative/associative law for addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐵 + (𝐴𝐶)))
 
Theorem2addsub 10046 Law for subtraction and addition. (Contributed by NM, 20-Nov-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → (((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) − 𝐷) = (((𝐴 + 𝐶) − 𝐷) + 𝐵))
 
Theoremaddsubeq4 10047 Relation between sums and differences. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 17-Jun-2010.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐶 + 𝐷) ↔ (𝐶𝐴) = (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theorempncan3oi 10048 Subtraction and addition of equals. Almost but not exactly the same as pncan3i 10109 and pncan 10038, this order happens often when applying "operations to both sides" so create a theorem specifically for it. A deduction version of this is available as pncand 10144. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 𝐵) = 𝐴
 
Theoremmvrraddi 10049 Move RHS right addition to LHS. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐶 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐴 = (𝐵 + 𝐶)       (𝐴𝐶) = 𝐵
 
Theoremmvlladdi 10050 Move LHS left addition to RHS. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 11-Oct-2018.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ    &   (𝐴 + 𝐵) = 𝐶       𝐵 = (𝐶𝐴)
 
Theoremsubid 10051 Subtraction of a number from itself. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremsubid1 10052 Identity law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 − 0) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremnpncan 10053 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan 10054 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶) + 𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremnnpcan 10055 Cancellation law for subtraction: ((a-b)-c)+b = a-c holds for complex numbers a,b,c. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Mar-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) + 𝐵) = (𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan3 10056 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Sep-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐶 + 𝐵)) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremsubcan2 10057 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐶) = (𝐵𝐶) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubeq0 10058 If the difference between two numbers is zero, they are equal. (Contributed by NM, 16-Nov-1999.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = 0 ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremnpncan2 10059 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 21-Jun-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐵𝐴)) = 0)
 
Theoremsubsub2 10060 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴 + (𝐶𝐵)))
 
Theoremnncan 10061 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐴𝐵)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremsubsub 10062 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = ((𝐴𝐵) + 𝐶))
 
Theoremnppcan2 10063 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 − (𝐵 + 𝐶)) + 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremsubsub3 10064 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐶) − 𝐵))
 
Theoremsubsub4 10065 Law for double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) = (𝐴 − (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremsub32 10066 Swap the second and third terms in a double subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − 𝐶) = ((𝐴𝐶) − 𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan 10067 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 − (𝐵𝐶)) − 𝐶) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan1 10068 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 19-Nov-2011.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐴𝐶)) = (𝐶𝐵))
 
Theoremnnncan2 10069 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐶) − (𝐵𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremnpncan3 10070 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 23-Jun-2013.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) + (𝐶𝐴)) = (𝐶𝐵))
 
Theorempnpcan 10071 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐴 + 𝐶)) = (𝐵𝐶))
 
Theorempnpcan2 10072 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐶) − (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theorempnncan 10073 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐴𝐶)) = (𝐵 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremppncan 10074 Cancellation law for mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + (𝐶𝐵)) = (𝐴 + 𝐶))
 
Theoremaddsub4 10075 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − (𝐶 + 𝐷)) = ((𝐴𝐶) + (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theoremsubadd4 10076 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a mixed addition and subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 24-Aug-2006.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐶𝐷)) = ((𝐴 + 𝐷) − (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremsub4 10077 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 23-Nov-2007.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℂ)) → ((𝐴𝐵) − (𝐶𝐷)) = ((𝐴𝐶) − (𝐵𝐷)))
 
Theoremneg0 10078 Minus 0 equals 0. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.)
-0 = 0
 
Theoremnegid 10079 Addition of a number and its negative. (Contributed by NM, 14-Mar-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 + -𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremnegsub 10080 Relationship between subtraction and negative. Theorem I.3 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1997.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 + -𝐵) = (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremsubneg 10081 Relationship between subtraction and negative. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 − -𝐵) = (𝐴 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremnegneg 10082 A number is equal to the negative of its negative. Theorem I.4 of [Apostol] p. 18. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → --𝐴 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremneg11 10083 Negative is one-to-one. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (-𝐴 = -𝐵𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremnegcon1 10084 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (-𝐴 = 𝐵 ↔ -𝐵 = 𝐴))
 
Theoremnegcon2 10085 Negative contraposition law. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (𝐴 = -𝐵𝐵 = -𝐴))
 
Theoremnegeq0 10086 A number is zero iff its negative is zero. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 = 0 ↔ -𝐴 = 0))
 
Theoremsubcan 10087 Cancellation law for subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝐴𝐵) = (𝐴𝐶) ↔ 𝐵 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremnegsubdi 10088 Distribution of negative over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → -(𝐴𝐵) = (-𝐴 + 𝐵))
 
Theoremnegdi 10089 Distribution of negative over addition. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → -(𝐴 + 𝐵) = (-𝐴 + -𝐵))
 
Theoremnegdi2 10090 Distribution of negative over addition. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → -(𝐴 + 𝐵) = (-𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremnegsubdi2 10091 Distribution of negative over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 4-Oct-1999.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → -(𝐴𝐵) = (𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremneg2sub 10092 Relationship between subtraction and negative. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 8-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (-𝐴 − -𝐵) = (𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremrenegcli 10093 Closure law for negative of reals. (Note: this inference proof style and the deduction theorem usage in renegcl 10095 is deprecated, but is retained for its demonstration value.) (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 22-Oct-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ       -𝐴 ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremresubcli 10094 Closure law for subtraction of reals. (Contributed by NM, 17-Jan-1997.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2016.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremrenegcl 10095 Closure law for negative of reals. The weak deduction theorem dedth 3992 is used to convert hypothesis of the inference (deduction) form of this theorem, renegcli 10093, to an antecedent. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jan-1997.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → -𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremresubcl 10096 Closure law for subtraction of reals. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jan-1997.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremnegreb 10097 The negative of a real is real. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (-𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ))
 
Theorempeano2cnm 10098 "Reverse" second Peano postulate analogue for complex numbers: A complex number minus 1 is a complex number. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Mar-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (𝑁 − 1) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theorempeano2rem 10099 "Reverse" second Peano postulate analogue for reals. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℝ → (𝑁 − 1) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremnegcli 10100 Closure law for negative. (Contributed by NM, 26-Nov-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       -𝐴 ∈ ℂ
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