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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 40501-40600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremusgrausgri 40501* A simple graph represented by an alternatively defined simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐺 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒 ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑣 ∣ (#‘𝑥) = 2}}       (𝐻 ∈ USGraph → (Vtx‘𝐻)𝐺(Edg‘𝐻))
 
Theoremausgrumgri 40502* If an alternatively defined simple graph has the vertices and edges of an arbitrary graph, the arbitrary graph is an undirected multigraph. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 25-Nov-2020.)
𝐺 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒 ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑣 ∣ (#‘𝑥) = 2}}       ((𝐻𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐻)𝐺(Edg‘𝐻) ∧ Fun (iEdg‘𝐻)) → 𝐻 ∈ UMGraph )
 
Theoremausgrusgri 40503* The equivalence of the definitions of a simple graph, expressed with the set of vertices and the set of edges. (Contributed by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐺 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒 ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑣 ∣ (#‘𝑥) = 2}}    &   𝑂 = {𝑓𝑓:dom 𝑓1-1→ran 𝑓}       ((𝐻𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐻)𝐺(Edg‘𝐻) ∧ (iEdg‘𝐻) ∈ 𝑂) → 𝐻 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremusgrausgrb 40504* The equivalence of the definitions of a simple graph, expressed with the set of vertices and the set of edges. (Contributed by AV, 2-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐺 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒 ⊆ {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑣 ∣ (#‘𝑥) = 2}}    &   𝑂 = {𝑓𝑓:dom 𝑓1-1→ran 𝑓}       ((𝐻𝑊 ∧ (iEdg‘𝐻) ∈ 𝑂) → ((Vtx‘𝐻)𝐺(Edg‘𝐻) ↔ 𝐻 ∈ USGraph ))
 
Theoremusgredgop 40505 An edge of a simple graph as second component of an ordered pair. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → ((𝐸𝑋) = {𝑀, 𝑁} ↔ ⟨𝑋, {𝑀, 𝑁}⟩ ∈ 𝐸))
 
Theoremusgrf1o 40506 The edge function of a simple graph is a bijective function onto its range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Nov-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1-onto→ran 𝐸)
 
Theoremusgrf1 40507 The edge function of a simple graph is a one to one function. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Nov-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1→ran 𝐸)
 
Theoremuspgrf1oedg 40508 The edge function of a simple pseudograph is a bijective function onto the edges of the graph. (Contributed by AV, 2-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → 𝐸:dom 𝐸1-1-onto→(Edg‘𝐺))
 
Theoremusgrss 40509 An edge is a subset of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → (𝐸𝑋) ⊆ 𝑉)
 
Theoremuspgrushgr 40510 A simple pseudograph is an undirected simple hypergraph. (Contributed by AV, 19-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USHGraph )
 
Theoremuspgrupgr 40511 A simple pseudograph is an undirected pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → 𝐺 ∈ UPGraph )
 
Theoremuspgrupgrushgr 40512 A graph is a simple pseudograph iff it is a pseudograph and a simple hypergraph. (Contributed by AV, 30-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝐺 ∈ USHGraph ))
 
Theoremusgruspgr 40513 A simple graph is a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremusgrumgr 40514 A simple graph is an undirected multigraph. (Contributed by AV, 25-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐺 ∈ UMGraph )
 
Theoremusgrumgruspgr 40515 A graph is a simple graph iff it is a multigraph and a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 30-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ))
 
Theoremusgruspgrb 40516* A class is a simple graph iff it is a simple pseudograph without loops. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ ∀𝑒 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺)(#‘𝑒) = 2))
 
Theoremusgrupgr 40517 A simple graph is an undirected pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐺 ∈ UPGraph )
 
Theoremusgruhgr 40518 A simple graph is an undirected hypergraph. (Contributed by AV, 9-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 15-Oct-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐺 ∈ UHGraph )
 
Theoremusgrislfuspgr 40519* A simple graph is a loop-free simple pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jan-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝐼:dom 𝐼⟶{𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑉 ∣ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑥)}))
 
Theoremuspgrun 40520 The union 𝑈 of two simple pseudographs 𝐺 and 𝐻 with the same vertex set 𝑉 is a pseudograph with the vertex 𝑉 and the union (𝐸𝐹) of the (indexed) edges. (Contributed by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
(𝜑𝐺 ∈ USPGraph )    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ USPGraph )    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = (iEdg‘𝐻)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝐻) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐸 Fn 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐹 Fn 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑊)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝑈) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (iEdg‘𝑈) = (𝐸𝐹))       (𝜑𝑈 ∈ UPGraph )
 
Theoremuspgrunop 40521 The union of two simple pseudographs (with the same vertex set): If 𝑉, 𝐸 and 𝑉, 𝐹 are simple pseudographs, then 𝑉, 𝐸𝐹 is a pseudograph (the vertex set stays the same, but the edges from both graphs are kept, maybe resulting incident two edges between two vertices). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
(𝜑𝐺 ∈ USPGraph )    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ USPGraph )    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = (iEdg‘𝐻)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝐻) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐸 Fn 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐹 Fn 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)       (𝜑 → ⟨𝑉, (𝐸𝐹)⟩ ∈ UPGraph )
 
Theoremusgrun 40522 The union 𝑈 of two simple graphs 𝐺 and 𝐻 with the same vertex set 𝑉 is a multigraph (not necessarily a simple graph!) with the vertex 𝑉 and the union (𝐸𝐹) of the (indexed) edges. (Contributed by AV, 29-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph )    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ USGraph )    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = (iEdg‘𝐻)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝐻) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐸 Fn 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐹 Fn 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑊)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝑈) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (iEdg‘𝑈) = (𝐸𝐹))       (𝜑𝑈 ∈ UMGraph )
 
Theoremusgrunop 40523 The union of two simple graphs (with the same vertex set): If 𝑉, 𝐸 and 𝑉, 𝐹 are simple graphs, then 𝑉, 𝐸𝐹 is a multigraph (not necessarily a simple graph!) - the vertex set stays the same, but the edges from both graphs are kept, possibly resulting in two edges between two vertices. (Contributed by AV, 29-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph )    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ USGraph )    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = (iEdg‘𝐻)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑 → (Vtx‘𝐻) = 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐸 Fn 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐹 Fn 𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) = ∅)       (𝜑 → ⟨𝑉, (𝐸𝐹)⟩ ∈ UMGraph )
 
Theoremusgredg2 40524 The value of the "edge function" of a simple graph is a set containing two elements (the vertices the corresponding edge is connecting). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → (#‘(𝐸𝑋)) = 2)
 
Theoremusgredg2ALT 40525 Alternate proof of usgredg2 40524, not using umgredg2 40430. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → (#‘(𝐸𝑋)) = 2)
 
Theoremusgredgprv 40526 In a simple graph, an edge is an unordered pair of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → ((𝐸𝑋) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → (𝑀𝑉𝑁𝑉)))
 
TheoremusgredgprvALT 40527 Alternate proof of usgredgprv 40526, using usgredg2 40524 instead of umgredgprv 40437. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → ((𝐸𝑋) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → (𝑀𝑉𝑁𝑉)))
 
Theoremusgredgappr 40528 An edge of a simple graph is a proper pair, i.e. a set containing two different elements (the endvertices of the edge). Analogue of usgredg2 40524. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 9-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 23-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐶𝐸) → (#‘𝐶) = 2)
 
Theoremusgrpredgav 40529 An edge of a simple graph always connects two vertices. Analogue of usgredgprv 40526. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 9-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 23-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Nov-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ {𝑀, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸) → (𝑀𝑉𝑁𝑉))
 
Theoremedgassv2 40530 An edge of a simple graph is an unordered pair of vertices, i.e. a subset of the set of vertices of size 2. (Contributed by AV, 10-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 23-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐶𝐸) → (𝐶𝑉 ∧ (#‘𝐶) = 2))
 
Theoremusgredg 40531* For each edge in a simple graph, there are two distinct vertices which are connected by this edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 9-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Shortened by AV, 25-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐶𝐸) → ∃𝑎𝑉𝑏𝑉 (𝑎𝑏𝐶 = {𝑎, 𝑏}))
 
Theoremusgrnloopv 40532 In a simple graph, there is no loop, i.e. no edge connecting a vertex with itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 26-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑀𝑊) → ((𝐸𝑋) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → 𝑀𝑁))
 
TheoremusgrnloopvALT 40533 Alternate proof of usgrnloopv 40532, not using umgrnloopv 40436. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 26-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑀𝑊) → ((𝐸𝑋) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → 𝑀𝑁))
 
Theoremusgrnloop 40534* In a simple graph, there is no loop, i.e. no edge connecting a vertex with itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (∃𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸(𝐸𝑥) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → 𝑀𝑁))
 
TheoremusgrnloopALT 40535* Alternate proof of usgrnloop 40534, not using umgrnloop 40438. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (∃𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸(𝐸𝑥) = {𝑀, 𝑁} → 𝑀𝑁))
 
Theoremusgrnloop0 40536* A simple graph has no loops. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → {𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸 ∣ (𝐸𝑥) = {𝑈}} = ∅)
 
Theoremusgrnloop0ALT 40537* Alternate proof of usgrnloop0 40536, not using umgrnloop0 40439. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → {𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸 ∣ (𝐸𝑥) = {𝑈}} = ∅)
 
Theoremusgredgne 40538 An edge of a simple graph always connects two different vertices. Analogue of usgrnloopv 40532 resp. usgrnloop 40534. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Sep-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Nov-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ {𝑀, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸) → 𝑀𝑁)
 
Theoremusgrf1oedg 40539 The edge function of a simple graph is a 1-1 function onto the set of edges. (Contributed by by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐼:dom 𝐼1-1-onto𝐸)
 
Theoremuhgr2edg 40540* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a hypergraph, there are more than one edges starting at this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 11-Feb-2021.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉𝑁𝑉) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐼𝑦 ∈ dom 𝐼(𝑥𝑦𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑥) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑦)))
 
Theoremumgr2edg 40541* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a multigraph, there are more than one edges starting at this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 11-Feb-2021.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐼𝑦 ∈ dom 𝐼(𝑥𝑦𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑥) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑦)))
 
Theoremusgr2edg 40542* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a simple graph, there are more than one edges starting at this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Feb-2021.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐼𝑦 ∈ dom 𝐼(𝑥𝑦𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑥) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑦)))
 
Theoremumgr2edg1 40543* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a multigraph, there is not only one edge starting at this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 8-Jun-2021.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ¬ ∃!𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐼 𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑥))
 
Theoremusgr2edg1 40544* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a simple graph, there is not only one edge starting at this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 8-Jun-2021.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ¬ ∃!𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐼 𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑥))
 
Theoremumgrvad2edg 40545* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a multigraph, there are more than one edges starting at this vertex, analogous to usgr2edg 40542. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 9-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 8-Jun-2021.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ∃𝑥𝐸𝑦𝐸 (𝑥𝑦𝑁𝑥𝑁𝑦))
 
Theoremumgr2edgneu 40546* If a vertex is adjacent to two different vertices in a multigraph, there is not only one edge starting at this vertex, analogous to usgra2edg1 25650. Lemma for theorems about friendship graphs. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 9-Jan-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝐴𝐵) ∧ ({𝑁, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)) → ¬ ∃!𝑥𝐸 𝑁𝑥)
 
Theoremusgrsizedg 40547 In a simple graph, the size of the edge function is the number of the edges of the graph. (Contributed by AV, 4-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 7-Jun-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (#‘(iEdg‘𝐺)) = (#‘(Edg‘𝐺)))
 
Theoremusgredg3 40548* The value of the "edge function" of a simple graph is a set containing two elements (the endvertices of the corresponding edge). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸) → ∃𝑥𝑉𝑦𝑉 (𝑥𝑦 ∧ (𝐸𝑋) = {𝑥, 𝑦}))
 
Theoremusgredg4 40549* For a vertex incident to an edge there is another vertex incident to the edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 17-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑌 ∈ (𝐸𝑋)) → ∃𝑦𝑉 (𝐸𝑋) = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremusgredgreu 40550* For a vertex incident to an edge there is exactly one other vertex incident to the edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑋 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑌 ∈ (𝐸𝑋)) → ∃!𝑦𝑉 (𝐸𝑋) = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremusgredg2vtx 40551* For a vertex incident to an edge there is another vertex incident to the edge in a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-Dec-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑌𝐸) → ∃𝑦 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)𝐸 = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremuspgredg2vtxeu 40552* For a vertex incident to an edge there is exactly one other vertex incident to the edge in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑌𝐸) → ∃!𝑦 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)𝐸 = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremusgredg2vtxeu 40553* For a vertex incident to an edge there is exactly one other vertex incident to the edge in a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑌𝐸) → ∃!𝑦 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)𝐸 = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremusgredg2vtxeuALT 40554* Alternate proof of usgredg2vtxeu 40553, using edgiedgb 40462, the general translation from (iEdg‘𝐺) to (Edg‘𝐺). (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐸 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑌𝐸) → ∃!𝑦 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)𝐸 = {𝑌, 𝑦})
 
Theoremuspgredg2vlem 40555* Lemma for uspgredg2v 40556. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑌𝐴) → (𝑧𝑉 𝑌 = {𝑁, 𝑧}) ∈ 𝑉)
 
Theoremuspgredg2v 40556* In a simple pseudograph, the mapping of edges having a fixed endpoint to the "other" vertex of the edge (which may be the fixed vertex itself in the case of a loop) is a one-to-one function into the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝐹 = (𝑦𝐴 ↦ (𝑧𝑉 𝑦 = {𝑁, 𝑧}))       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1𝑉)
 
Theoremusgredg2vlem1 40557* Lemma 1 for usgredg2v 40559. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑁 ∈ (𝐸𝑥)}       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑌𝐴) → (𝑧𝑉 (𝐸𝑌) = {𝑧, 𝑁}) ∈ 𝑉)
 
Theoremusgredg2vlem2 40558* Lemma 2 for usgredg2v 40559. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑁 ∈ (𝐸𝑥)}       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑌𝐴) → (𝐼 = (𝑧𝑉 (𝐸𝑌) = {𝑧, 𝑁}) → (𝐸𝑌) = {𝐼, 𝑁}))
 
Theoremusgredg2v 40559* In a simple graph, the mapping of edges having a fixed endpoint to the other vertex of the edge is a one-to-one function into the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑁 ∈ (𝐸𝑥)}    &   𝐹 = (𝑦𝐴 ↦ (𝑧𝑉 (𝐸𝑦) = {𝑧, 𝑁}))       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1𝑉)
 
Theoremusgredgleord 40560* In a simple graph the number of edges which contain a given vertex is not greater than the number of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (#‘{𝑥 ∈ dom 𝐸𝑁 ∈ (𝐸𝑥)}) ≤ (#‘𝑉))
 
Theoremushgredgedga 40561* In a simple hypergraph there is a 1-1 onto mapping between the indexed edges containing a fixed vertex and the set of edges containing this vertex. (Contributed by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑖 ∈ dom 𝐼𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑖)}    &   𝐵 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐼𝑥))       ((𝐺 ∈ USHGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)
 
Theoremusgredgedga 40562* In a simple graph there is a 1-1 onto mapping between the indexed edges containing a fixed vertex and the set of edges containing this vertex. (Contributed by by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑖 ∈ dom 𝐼𝑁 ∈ (𝐼𝑖)}    &   𝐵 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐼𝑥))       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)
 
Theoremushgredgedgaloop 40563* In a simple hypergraph there is a 1-1 onto mapping between the indexed edges being loops at a fixed vertex and the set of loops at this vertex. (Contributed by AV, 11-Dec-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐴 = {𝑖 ∈ dom 𝐼 ∣ (𝐼𝑖) = {𝑁}}    &   𝐵 = {𝑒𝐸𝑒 = {𝑁}}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐼𝑥))       ((𝐺 ∈ USHGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → 𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵)
 
Theoremuspgredgaleord 40564* In a simple pseudograph the number of edges which contain a given vertex is not greater than the number of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (#‘{𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}) ≤ (#‘𝑉))
 
Theoremusgredgaleord 40565* In a simple graph the number of edges which contain a given vertex is not greater than the number of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 6-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (#‘{𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}) ≤ (#‘𝑉))
 
TheoremusgredgaleordALT 40566* In a simple graph the number of edges which contain a given vertex is not greater than the number of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-May-2021.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.) TODO-AV: proof can be shortened by using "bj-eleq2w", after it is moved to main.set.
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (#‘{𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}) ≤ (#‘𝑉))
 
20.34.8.8  Examples for graphs
 
Theoremusgr0e 40567 The empty graph, with vertices but no edges, is a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 25-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐺𝑊)    &   (𝜑 → (iEdg‘𝐺) = ∅)       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremusgr0vb 40568 The null graph, with no vertices, is a simple graph iff the edge function is empty. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Sep-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = ∅) → (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (iEdg‘𝐺) = ∅))
 
Theoremuhgr0v0e 40569 The null graph, with no vertices, has no edges. (Contributed by AV, 21-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ 𝑉 = ∅) → 𝐸 = ∅)
 
Theoremuhgr0vsize0 40570 The size of a hypergraph with no vertices (the null graph) is 0. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 7-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (#‘𝑉) = 0) → (#‘𝐸) = 0)
 
Theoremuhgr0edgfi 40571 A graph of order 0 (i.e. with 0 vertices) has a finite set of edges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 8-Jun-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (#‘(Vtx‘𝐺)) = 0) → (Edg‘𝐺) ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremusgr0v 40572 The null graph, with no vertices, is a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
((𝐺𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = ∅ ∧ (iEdg‘𝐺) = ∅) → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremuhgr0vusgr 40573 The null graph, with no vertices, represented by a hypergraph, is a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 5-Dec-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = ∅) → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremusgr0 40574 The null graph represented by an empty set is a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
∅ ∈ USGraph
 
Theoremuspgr1e 40575 A simple pseudograph with one edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 17-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (iEdg‘𝐺) = {⟨𝐴, {𝐵, 𝐶}⟩})       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremusgr1e 40576 A simple graph with one edge ( with additional assumption that 𝐵𝐶 since otherwise the edge is a loop!). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (iEdg‘𝐺) = {⟨𝐴, {𝐵, 𝐶}⟩})    &   (𝜑𝐵𝐶)       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremusgr0eop 40577 The empty graph, with vertices but no edges, is a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
(𝑉𝑊 → ⟨𝑉, ∅⟩ ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremuspgr1eop 40578 A simple pseudograph with (at least) two vertices and one edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 16-Oct-2020.)
(((𝑉𝑊𝐴𝑋) ∧ (𝐵𝑉𝐶𝑉)) → ⟨𝑉, {⟨𝐴, {𝐵, 𝐶}⟩}⟩ ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremuspgr1ewop 40579 A simple pseudograph with (at least) two vertices and one edge represented by a singleton word. (Contributed by AV, 9-Jan-2021.)
((𝑉𝑊𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉) → ⟨𝑉, ⟨“{𝐴, 𝐵}”⟩⟩ ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremuspgr1v1eop 40580 A simple pseudograph with (at least) one vertex and one edge (a loop). (Contributed by AV, 5-Dec-2020.)
((𝑉𝑊𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑉) → ⟨𝑉, {⟨𝐴, {𝐵}⟩}⟩ ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremusgr1eop 40581 A simple graph with (at least) two different vertices and one edge. If the two vertices were not different, the edge would be a loop. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
(((𝑉𝑊𝐴𝑋) ∧ (𝐵𝑉𝐶𝑉)) → (𝐵𝐶 → ⟨𝑉, {⟨𝐴, {𝐵, 𝐶}⟩}⟩ ∈ USGraph ))
 
Theoremuspgr2v1e2w 40582 A simple pseudograph with two vertices and one edge represented by a singleton word. (Contributed by AV, 9-Jan-2021.)
((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌) → ⟨{𝐴, 𝐵}, ⟨“{𝐴, 𝐵}”⟩⟩ ∈ USPGraph )
 
Theoremusgr2v1e2w 40583 A simple graph with two vertices and one edge represented by a singleton word. (Contributed by AV, 9-Jan-2021.)
((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐴𝐵) → ⟨{𝐴, 𝐵}, ⟨“{𝐴, 𝐵}”⟩⟩ ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremedg0usgr 40584 A class without edges is a simple graph. Since ran 𝐹 = ∅ does not generally imply Fun 𝐹, but Fun (iEdg‘𝐺) is required for 𝐺 to be a simple graph, however, this must be provided as assertion. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺𝑊 ∧ (Edg‘𝐺) = ∅ ∧ Fun (iEdg‘𝐺)) → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph )
 
Theoremlfuhgr1v0e 40585* A loop-free hypergraph with one vertex has no edges. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 2-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑉 ∣ 2 ≤ (#‘𝑥)}       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (#‘𝑉) = 1 ∧ 𝐼:dom 𝐼𝐸) → (Edg‘𝐺) = ∅)
 
Theoremusgr1vr 40586 A simple graph with one vertex has no edges. (Contributed by AV, 18-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 2-Apr-2021.)
((𝐴𝑋 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = {𝐴}) → (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (iEdg‘𝐺) = ∅))
 
Theoremusgr1v 40587 A class with one (or no) vertex is a simple graph if and only if it has no edges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = {𝐴}) → (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (iEdg‘𝐺) = ∅))
 
Theoremusgr1v0edg 40588 A class with one (or no) vertex is a simple graph if and only if it has no edges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 18-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺𝑊 ∧ (Vtx‘𝐺) = {𝐴} ∧ Fun (iEdg‘𝐺)) → (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ↔ (Edg‘𝐺) = ∅))
 
Theoremusgrexmpllem 40589 Lemma for usgrexmpl 40592. (Contributed by AV, 21-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (0...4)    &   𝐸 = ⟨“{0, 1} {1, 2} {2, 0} {0, 3}”⟩    &   𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸       ((Vtx‘𝐺) = 𝑉 ∧ (iEdg‘𝐺) = 𝐸)
 
Theoremusgrexmplvtx 40590 The vertices 0, 1, 2, 3, 4 of the graph 𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸. (Contributed by AV, 12-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (0...4)    &   𝐸 = ⟨“{0, 1} {1, 2} {2, 0} {0, 3}”⟩    &   𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸       (Vtx‘𝐺) = ({0, 1, 2} ∪ {3, 4})
 
Theoremusgrexmpledg 40591 The edges {0, 1}, {1, 2}, {2, 0}, {0, 3} of the graph 𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸. (Contributed by AV, 12-Jan-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (0...4)    &   𝐸 = ⟨“{0, 1} {1, 2} {2, 0} {0, 3}”⟩    &   𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸       (Edg‘𝐺) = ({{0, 1}, {1, 2}} ∪ {{2, 0}, {0, 3}})
 
Theoremusgrexmpl 40592 𝐺 is a simple graph of five vertices 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, with edges {0, 1}, {1, 2}, {2, 0}, {0, 3}. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Aug-2017.) (Revised by AV, 21-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (0...4)    &   𝐸 = ⟨“{0, 1} {1, 2} {2, 0} {0, 3}”⟩    &   𝐺 = ⟨𝑉, 𝐸       𝐺 ∈ USGraph
 
Theoremgriedg0prc 40593* The class of empty graphs (represented as ordered pairs) is a proper class. (Contributed by AV, 27-Dec-2020.)
𝑈 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒:∅⟶∅}       𝑈 ∉ V
 
Theoremgriedg0ssusgr 40594* The class of all simple graphs is a superclass of the class of empty graphs represented as ordered pairs. (Contributed by AV, 27-Dec-2020.)
𝑈 = {⟨𝑣, 𝑒⟩ ∣ 𝑒:∅⟶∅}       𝑈 ⊆ USGraph
 
Theoremusgrprc 40595 The class of simple graphs is a proper class (and therefore, because of prcssprc 40214, the classes of multigraphs, pseudographs and hypergraphs are proper classes, too). (Contributed by AV, 27-Dec-2020.)
USGraph ∉ V
 
20.34.8.9  Subgraphs
 
Syntaxcsubgr 40596 Extend class notation with subgraphs.
class SubGraph
 
Definitiondf-subgr 40597* Define the class of the subgraph relation. A class 𝑠 is a subgraph of a class 𝑔 (the supergraph of 𝑠) if its vertices are also vertices of 𝑔, and its edges are also edges of 𝑔, connecting vertices of 𝑠 only (see section I.1 in [Bollobas] p. 2 or section 1.1 in [Diestel] p. 4). The second condition is ensured by the requirement that the edge function of 𝑠 is a restriction of the edge function of 𝑔 having only vertices of 𝑠 in its range. Note that the domains of the edge functions of the subgraph and the supergraph should be compatible. (Contributed by AV, 16-Nov-2020.)
SubGraph = {⟨𝑠, 𝑔⟩ ∣ ((Vtx‘𝑠) ⊆ (Vtx‘𝑔) ∧ (iEdg‘𝑠) = ((iEdg‘𝑔) ↾ dom (iEdg‘𝑠)) ∧ (Edg‘𝑠) ⊆ 𝒫 (Vtx‘𝑠))}
 
Theoremrelsubgr 40598 The class of the subgraph relation is a relation. (Contributed by AV, 16-Nov-2020.)
Rel SubGraph
 
Theoremsubgrv 40599 If a class is a subgraph of another class, both classes are sets. (Contributed by AV, 16-Nov-2020.)
(𝑆 SubGraph 𝐺 → (𝑆 ∈ V ∧ 𝐺 ∈ V))
 
Theoremissubgr 40600 The property of a set to be a subgraph of another set. (Contributed by AV, 16-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝑆)    &   𝐴 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝑆)    &   𝐵 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝑆)       ((𝐺𝑊𝑆𝑈) → (𝑆 SubGraph 𝐺 ↔ (𝑉𝐴𝐼 = (𝐵 ↾ dom 𝐼) ∧ 𝐸 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑉)))
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268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 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