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Theorem lcmgcd 11766
 Description: The product of two numbers' least common multiple and greatest common divisor is the absolute value of the product of the two numbers. In particular, that absolute value is the least common multiple of two coprime numbers, for which (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) = 1. Multiple methods exist for proving this, and it is often proven either as a consequence of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic or of Bézout's identity bezout 11706; see e.g. https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Product_of_GCD_and_LCM 11706 and https://math.stackexchange.com/a/470827 11706. This proof uses the latter to first confirm it for positive integers 𝑀 and 𝑁 (the "Second Proof" in the above Stack Exchange page), then shows that implies it for all nonzero integer inputs, then finally uses lcm0val 11753 to show it applies when either or both inputs are zero. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 20-Jan-2020.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
lcmgcd ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))

Proof of Theorem lcmgcd
StepHypRef Expression
1 gcdcl 11662 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
21nn0cnd 9039 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
32mul02d 8161 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = 0)
4 0z 9072 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 ∈ ℤ
5 lcmcom 11752 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
64, 5mpan2 421 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
7 lcm0val 11753 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = 0)
86, 7eqtr3d 2174 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
98adantl 275 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
109oveq1d 5789 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
11 zcn 9066 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1211adantl 275 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1312mul02d 8161 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · 𝑁) = 0)
1413abs00bd 10845 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)) = 0)
153, 10, 143eqtr4d 2182 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
1615adantr 274 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
17 simpr 109 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → 𝑀 = 0)
1817oveq1d 5789 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
1918oveq1d 5789 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
2017oveq1d 5789 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (0 · 𝑁))
2120fveq2d 5425 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
2216, 19, 213eqtr4d 2182 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
23 lcm0val 11753 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2423adantr 274 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2524oveq1d 5789 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
26 zcn 9066 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2726adantr 274 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2827mul01d 8162 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 · 0) = 0)
2928abs00bd 10845 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)) = 0)
303, 25, 293eqtr4d 2182 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3130adantr 274 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
32 simpr 109 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → 𝑁 = 0)
3332oveq2d 5790 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (𝑀 lcm 0))
3433oveq1d 5789 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
3532oveq2d 5790 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (𝑀 · 0))
3635fveq2d 5425 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3731, 34, 363eqtr4d 2182 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
3822, 37jaodan 786 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
39 neanior 2395 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) ↔ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
40 nnabscl 10879 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ)
41 nnabscl 10879 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
4240, 41anim12i 336 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4342an4s 577 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4439, 43sylan2br 286 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
45 lcmgcdlem 11765 . . . . 5 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → ((((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) ∧ ((0 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((abs‘𝑀) ∥ 0 ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∥ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) ∥ 0)))
4645simpld 111 . . . 4 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
4744, 46syl 14 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
48 lcmabs 11764 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 lcm 𝑁))
49 gcdabs 11683 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 gcd 𝑁))
5048, 49oveq12d 5792 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
5150adantr 274 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
52 absidm 10877 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) = (abs‘𝑀))
53 absidm 10877 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑁)) = (abs‘𝑁))
5452, 53oveqan12d 5793 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
5526, 11, 54syl2an 287 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
56 nn0abscl 10864 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
5756nn0cnd 9039 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
5857adantr 274 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
59 nn0abscl 10864 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
6059nn0cnd 9039 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6160adantl 275 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6258, 61absmuld 10973 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))))
6327, 12absmuld 10973 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
6455, 62, 633eqtr4d 2182 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6564adantr 274 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6647, 51, 653eqtr3d 2180 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
67 lcmmndc 11750 . . 3 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → DECID (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
68 exmiddc 821 . . 3 (DECID (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) ∨ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)))
6967, 68syl 14 . 2 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0) ∨ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)))
7038, 66, 69mpjaodan 787 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
 Colors of variables: wff set class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ∧ wa 103   ∨ wo 697  DECID wdc 819   = wceq 1331   ∈ wcel 1480   ≠ wne 2308   class class class wbr 3929  ‘cfv 5123  (class class class)co 5774  ℂcc 7625  0cc0 7627   · cmul 7632  ℕcn 8727  ℤcz 9061  abscabs 10776   ∥ cdvds 11500   gcd cgcd 11642   lcm clcm 11748 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-in1 603  ax-in2 604  ax-io 698  ax-5 1423  ax-7 1424  ax-gen 1425  ax-ie1 1469  ax-ie2 1470  ax-8 1482  ax-10 1483  ax-11 1484  ax-i12 1485  ax-bndl 1486  ax-4 1487  ax-13 1491  ax-14 1492  ax-17 1506  ax-i9 1510  ax-ial 1514  ax-i5r 1515  ax-ext 2121  ax-coll 4043  ax-sep 4046  ax-nul 4054  ax-pow 4098  ax-pr 4131  ax-un 4355  ax-setind 4452  ax-iinf 4502  ax-cnex 7718  ax-resscn 7719  ax-1cn 7720  ax-1re 7721  ax-icn 7722  ax-addcl 7723  ax-addrcl 7724  ax-mulcl 7725  ax-mulrcl 7726  ax-addcom 7727  ax-mulcom 7728  ax-addass 7729  ax-mulass 7730  ax-distr 7731  ax-i2m1 7732  ax-0lt1 7733  ax-1rid 7734  ax-0id 7735  ax-rnegex 7736  ax-precex 7737  ax-cnre 7738  ax-pre-ltirr 7739  ax-pre-ltwlin 7740  ax-pre-lttrn 7741  ax-pre-apti 7742  ax-pre-ltadd 7743  ax-pre-mulgt0 7744  ax-pre-mulext 7745  ax-arch 7746  ax-caucvg 7747 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-dc 820  df-3or 963  df-3an 964  df-tru 1334  df-fal 1337  df-nf 1437  df-sb 1736  df-eu 2002  df-mo 2003  df-clab 2126  df-cleq 2132  df-clel 2135  df-nfc 2270  df-ne 2309  df-nel 2404  df-ral 2421  df-rex 2422  df-reu 2423  df-rmo 2424  df-rab 2425  df-v 2688  df-sbc 2910  df-csb 3004  df-dif 3073  df-un 3075  df-in 3077  df-ss 3084  df-nul 3364  df-if 3475  df-pw 3512  df-sn 3533  df-pr 3534  df-op 3536  df-uni 3737  df-int 3772  df-iun 3815  df-br 3930  df-opab 3990  df-mpt 3991  df-tr 4027  df-id 4215  df-po 4218  df-iso 4219  df-iord 4288  df-on 4290  df-ilim 4291  df-suc 4293  df-iom 4505  df-xp 4545  df-rel 4546  df-cnv 4547  df-co 4548  df-dm 4549  df-rn 4550  df-res 4551  df-ima 4552  df-iota 5088  df-fun 5125  df-fn 5126  df-f 5127  df-f1 5128  df-fo 5129  df-f1o 5130  df-fv 5131  df-isom 5132  df-riota 5730  df-ov 5777  df-oprab 5778  df-mpo 5779  df-1st 6038  df-2nd 6039  df-recs 6202  df-frec 6288  df-sup 6871  df-inf 6872  df-pnf 7809  df-mnf 7810  df-xr 7811  df-ltxr 7812  df-le 7813  df-sub 7942  df-neg 7943  df-reap 8344  df-ap 8351  df-div 8440  df-inn 8728  df-2 8786  df-3 8787  df-4 8788  df-n0 8985  df-z 9062  df-uz 9334  df-q 9419  df-rp 9449  df-fz 9798  df-fzo 9927  df-fl 10050  df-mod 10103  df-seqfrec 10226  df-exp 10300  df-cj 10621  df-re 10622  df-im 10623  df-rsqrt 10777  df-abs 10778  df-dvds 11501  df-gcd 11643  df-lcm 11749 This theorem is referenced by:  lcmid  11768  lcm1  11769  lcmgcdnn  11770
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