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Theorem rlimrege0 14595
Description: The limit of a sequence of complex numbers with nonnegative real part has nonnegative real part. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 10-May-2016.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
rlimcld2.1 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
rlimcld2.2 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
rlimrege0.4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
rlimrege0.5 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
Assertion
Ref Expression
rlimrege0 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝐴   𝑥,𝐶   𝜑,𝑥
Allowed substitution hint:   𝐵(𝑥)

Proof of Theorem rlimrege0
Dummy variables 𝑦 𝑧 𝑤 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 rlimcld2.1 . . 3 (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)
2 rlimcld2.2 . . 3 (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ⇝𝑟 𝐶)
3 ssrab2 3847 . . . 4 {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ
43a1i 11 . . 3 (𝜑 → {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ⊆ ℂ)
5 eldifi 3894 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
65adantl 473 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
76recld 14219 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
87renegcld 10711 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
9 fveq2 6375 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑦))
109breq2d 4821 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1110notbid 309 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑦 → (¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
12 notrab 4068 . . . . . . . . 9 (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) = {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}
1311, 12elrab2 3523 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) ↔ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ∧ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1413simprbi 490 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
1514adantl 473 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦))
16 0re 10295 . . . . . . 7 0 ∈ ℝ
17 ltnle 10371 . . . . . . 7 (((ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ∈ ℝ) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
187, 16, 17sylancl 580 . . . . . 6 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ ¬ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦)))
1915, 18mpbird 248 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → (ℜ‘𝑦) < 0)
207lt0neg1d 10851 . . . . 5 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → ((ℜ‘𝑦) < 0 ↔ 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦)))
2119, 20mpbid 223 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → 0 < -(ℜ‘𝑦))
228, 21elrpd 12067 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ+)
238adantr 472 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
24 elrabi 3514 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
2524adantl 473 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑧 ∈ ℂ)
266adantr 472 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
2725, 26subcld 10646 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (𝑧𝑦) ∈ ℂ)
2827recld 14219 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
2927abscld 14460 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)) ∈ ℝ)
30 0red 10297 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ∈ ℝ)
3125recld 14219 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑧) ∈ ℝ)
3226recld 14219 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
33 fveq2 6375 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝑧))
3433breq2d 4821 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 = 𝑧 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3534elrab 3519 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧)))
3635simprbi 490 . . . . . . 7 (𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3736adantl 473 . . . . . 6 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑧))
3830, 31, 32, 37lesub1dd 10897 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)) ≤ ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
39 df-neg 10523 . . . . . 6 -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦))
4039a1i 11 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) = (0 − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4125, 26resubd 14241 . . . . 5 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) = ((ℜ‘𝑧) − (ℜ‘𝑦)))
4238, 40, 413brtr4d 4841 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4327releabsd 14475 . . . 4 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → (ℜ‘(𝑧𝑦)) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
4423, 28, 29, 42, 43letrd 10448 . . 3 (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (ℂ ∖ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})) ∧ 𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)}) → -(ℜ‘𝑦) ≤ (abs‘(𝑧𝑦)))
45 rlimrege0.4 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℂ)
46 rlimrege0.5 . . . 4 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))
47 fveq2 6375 . . . . . 6 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐵))
4847breq2d 4821 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐵 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
4948elrab 3519 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵)))
5045, 46, 49sylanbrc 578 . . 3 ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
511, 2, 4, 22, 44, 50rlimcld2 14594 . 2 (𝜑𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)})
52 fveq2 6375 . . . . 5 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (ℜ‘𝑤) = (ℜ‘𝐶))
5352breq2d 4821 . . . 4 (𝑤 = 𝐶 → (0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤) ↔ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5453elrab 3519 . . 3 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℂ ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶)))
5554simprbi 490 . 2 (𝐶 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℂ ∣ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑤)} → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
5651, 55syl 17 1 (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐶))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3  wi 4  wb 197  wa 384   = wceq 1652  wcel 2155  {crab 3059  cdif 3729  wss 3732   class class class wbr 4809  cmpt 4888  cfv 6068  (class class class)co 6842  supcsup 8553  cc 10187  cr 10188  0cc0 10189  +∞cpnf 10325  *cxr 10327   < clt 10328  cle 10329  cmin 10520  -cneg 10521  cre 14122  abscabs 14259  𝑟 crli 14501
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1890  ax-4 1904  ax-5 2005  ax-6 2070  ax-7 2105  ax-8 2157  ax-9 2164  ax-10 2183  ax-11 2198  ax-12 2211  ax-13 2352  ax-ext 2743  ax-sep 4941  ax-nul 4949  ax-pow 5001  ax-pr 5062  ax-un 7147  ax-cnex 10245  ax-resscn 10246  ax-1cn 10247  ax-icn 10248  ax-addcl 10249  ax-addrcl 10250  ax-mulcl 10251  ax-mulrcl 10252  ax-mulcom 10253  ax-addass 10254  ax-mulass 10255  ax-distr 10256  ax-i2m1 10257  ax-1ne0 10258  ax-1rid 10259  ax-rnegex 10260  ax-rrecex 10261  ax-cnre 10262  ax-pre-lttri 10263  ax-pre-lttrn 10264  ax-pre-ltadd 10265  ax-pre-mulgt0 10266  ax-pre-sup 10267
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 385  df-or 874  df-3or 1108  df-3an 1109  df-tru 1656  df-ex 1875  df-nf 1879  df-sb 2063  df-mo 2565  df-eu 2582  df-clab 2752  df-cleq 2758  df-clel 2761  df-nfc 2896  df-ne 2938  df-nel 3041  df-ral 3060  df-rex 3061  df-reu 3062  df-rmo 3063  df-rab 3064  df-v 3352  df-sbc 3597  df-csb 3692  df-dif 3735  df-un 3737  df-in 3739  df-ss 3746  df-pss 3748  df-nul 4080  df-if 4244  df-pw 4317  df-sn 4335  df-pr 4337  df-tp 4339  df-op 4341  df-uni 4595  df-iun 4678  df-br 4810  df-opab 4872  df-mpt 4889  df-tr 4912  df-id 5185  df-eprel 5190  df-po 5198  df-so 5199  df-fr 5236  df-we 5238  df-xp 5283  df-rel 5284  df-cnv 5285  df-co 5286  df-dm 5287  df-rn 5288  df-res 5289  df-ima 5290  df-pred 5865  df-ord 5911  df-on 5912  df-lim 5913  df-suc 5914  df-iota 6031  df-fun 6070  df-fn 6071  df-f 6072  df-f1 6073  df-fo 6074  df-f1o 6075  df-fv 6076  df-riota 6803  df-ov 6845  df-oprab 6846  df-mpt2 6847  df-om 7264  df-2nd 7367  df-wrecs 7610  df-recs 7672  df-rdg 7710  df-er 7947  df-pm 8063  df-en 8161  df-dom 8162  df-sdom 8163  df-sup 8555  df-pnf 10330  df-mnf 10331  df-xr 10332  df-ltxr 10333  df-le 10334  df-sub 10522  df-neg 10523  df-div 10939  df-nn 11275  df-2 11335  df-3 11336  df-n0 11539  df-z 11625  df-uz 11887  df-rp 12029  df-seq 13009  df-exp 13068  df-cj 14124  df-re 14125  df-im 14126  df-sqrt 14260  df-abs 14261  df-rlim 14505
This theorem is referenced by:  rlimge0  14597
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