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Theorem gcdass 15884
Description: Associative law for gcd operator. Theorem 1.4(b) in [ApostolNT] p. 16. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 2-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 19-Apr-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
gcdass ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) gcd 𝑃) = (𝑁 gcd (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)))

Proof of Theorem gcdass
Dummy variable 𝑥 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 anass 472 . . 3 (((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0) ↔ (𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)))
2 anass 472 . . . . 5 (((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃) ↔ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃)))
32rabbii 3448 . . . 4 {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)} = {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}
43supeq1i 8899 . . 3 sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < ) = sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}, ℝ, < )
51, 4ifbieq2i 4463 . 2 if(((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )) = if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}, ℝ, < ))
6 gcdcl 15844 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
763adant3 1129 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
87nn0zd 12073 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∈ ℤ)
9 simp3 1135 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑃 ∈ ℤ)
10 gcdval 15834 . . . 4 (((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) gcd 𝑃) = if(((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )))
118, 9, 10syl2anc 587 . . 3 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) gcd 𝑃) = if(((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )))
12 gcdeq0 15854 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ↔ (𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0)))
13123adant3 1129 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ↔ (𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0)))
1413anbi1d 632 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0) ↔ ((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0)))
1514bicomd 226 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0) ↔ ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)))
16 simpr 488 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑥 ∈ ℤ)
17 simpl1 1188 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)
18 simpl2 1189 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℤ)
19 dvdsgcdb 15882 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ↔ 𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀)))
2016, 17, 18, 19syl3anc 1368 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ↔ 𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀)))
2120anbi1d 632 . . . . . 6 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → (((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃) ↔ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)))
2221rabbidva 3453 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)} = {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)})
2322supeq1d 8898 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < ) = sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < ))
2415, 23ifbieq2d 4464 . . 3 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → if(((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )) = if(((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥 ∥ (𝑁 gcd 𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )))
2511, 24eqtr4d 2860 . 2 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) gcd 𝑃) = if(((𝑁 = 0 ∧ 𝑀 = 0) ∧ 𝑃 = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ ((𝑥𝑁𝑥𝑀) ∧ 𝑥𝑃)}, ℝ, < )))
26 simp1 1133 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℤ)
27 gcdcl 15844 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) ∈ ℕ0)
28273adant1 1127 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) ∈ ℕ0)
2928nn0zd 12073 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) ∈ ℤ)
30 gcdval 15834 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)) = if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))}, ℝ, < )))
3126, 29, 30syl2anc 587 . . 3 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)) = if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))}, ℝ, < )))
32 gcdeq0 15854 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0 ↔ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)))
33323adant1 1127 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0 ↔ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)))
3433anbi2d 631 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0) ↔ (𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0))))
3534bicomd 226 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)) ↔ (𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0)))
36 simpl3 1190 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑃 ∈ ℤ)
37 dvdsgcdb 15882 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃) ↔ 𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)))
3816, 18, 36, 37syl3anc 1368 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃) ↔ 𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)))
3938anbi2d 631 . . . . . 6 (((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑥 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃)) ↔ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))))
4039rabbidva 3453 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))} = {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))})
4140supeq1d 8898 . . . 4 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}, ℝ, < ) = sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))}, ℝ, < ))
4235, 41ifbieq2d 4464 . . 3 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}, ℝ, < )) = if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃) = 0), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁𝑥 ∥ (𝑀 gcd 𝑃))}, ℝ, < )))
4331, 42eqtr4d 2860 . 2 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 gcd (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)) = if((𝑁 = 0 ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∧ 𝑃 = 0)), 0, sup({𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ (𝑥𝑁 ∧ (𝑥𝑀𝑥𝑃))}, ℝ, < )))
445, 25, 433eqtr4a 2883 1 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑃 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 gcd 𝑀) gcd 𝑃) = (𝑁 gcd (𝑀 gcd 𝑃)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 209  wa 399  w3a 1084   = wceq 1538  wcel 2114  {crab 3134  ifcif 4439   class class class wbr 5042  (class class class)co 7140  supcsup 8892  cr 10525  0cc0 10526   < clt 10664  0cn0 11885  cz 11969  cdvds 15598   gcd cgcd 15832
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2116  ax-9 2124  ax-10 2145  ax-11 2161  ax-12 2178  ax-ext 2794  ax-sep 5179  ax-nul 5186  ax-pow 5243  ax-pr 5307  ax-un 7446  ax-cnex 10582  ax-resscn 10583  ax-1cn 10584  ax-icn 10585  ax-addcl 10586  ax-addrcl 10587  ax-mulcl 10588  ax-mulrcl 10589  ax-mulcom 10590  ax-addass 10591  ax-mulass 10592  ax-distr 10593  ax-i2m1 10594  ax-1ne0 10595  ax-1rid 10596  ax-rnegex 10597  ax-rrecex 10598  ax-cnre 10599  ax-pre-lttri 10600  ax-pre-lttrn 10601  ax-pre-ltadd 10602  ax-pre-mulgt0 10603  ax-pre-sup 10604
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2622  df-eu 2653  df-clab 2801  df-cleq 2815  df-clel 2894  df-nfc 2962  df-ne 3012  df-nel 3116  df-ral 3135  df-rex 3136  df-reu 3137  df-rmo 3138  df-rab 3139  df-v 3471  df-sbc 3748  df-csb 3856  df-dif 3911  df-un 3913  df-in 3915  df-ss 3925  df-pss 3927  df-nul 4266  df-if 4440  df-pw 4513  df-sn 4540  df-pr 4542  df-tp 4544  df-op 4546  df-uni 4814  df-iun 4896  df-br 5043  df-opab 5105  df-mpt 5123  df-tr 5149  df-id 5437  df-eprel 5442  df-po 5451  df-so 5452  df-fr 5491  df-we 5493  df-xp 5538  df-rel 5539  df-cnv 5540  df-co 5541  df-dm 5542  df-rn 5543  df-res 5544  df-ima 5545  df-pred 6126  df-ord 6172  df-on 6173  df-lim 6174  df-suc 6175  df-iota 6293  df-fun 6336  df-fn 6337  df-f 6338  df-f1 6339  df-fo 6340  df-f1o 6341  df-fv 6342  df-riota 7098  df-ov 7143  df-oprab 7144  df-mpo 7145  df-om 7566  df-2nd 7676  df-wrecs 7934  df-recs 7995  df-rdg 8033  df-er 8276  df-en 8497  df-dom 8498  df-sdom 8499  df-sup 8894  df-inf 8895  df-pnf 10666  df-mnf 10667  df-xr 10668  df-ltxr 10669  df-le 10670  df-sub 10861  df-neg 10862  df-div 11287  df-nn 11626  df-2 11688  df-3 11689  df-n0 11886  df-z 11970  df-uz 12232  df-rp 12378  df-fl 13157  df-mod 13233  df-seq 13365  df-exp 13426  df-cj 14449  df-re 14450  df-im 14451  df-sqrt 14585  df-abs 14586  df-dvds 15599  df-gcd 15833
This theorem is referenced by:  rpmulgcd  15895  coprimeprodsq  16134  gcd32  33057  gcdabsorb  33058
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