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Theorem sqrt2irrap 10938
Description: The square root of 2 is irrational. That is, for any rational number, (√‘2) is apart from it. In the absence of excluded middle, we can distinguish between this and "the square root of 2 is not rational" which is sqrt2irr 10921. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Oct-2021.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
sqrt2irrap (𝑄 ∈ ℚ → (√‘2) # 𝑄)

Proof of Theorem sqrt2irrap
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 elq 9002 . . 3 (𝑄 ∈ ℚ ↔ ∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑏 ∈ ℕ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏))
21biimpi 118 . 2 (𝑄 ∈ ℚ → ∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑏 ∈ ℕ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏))
3 simplrl 502 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → 𝑎 ∈ ℤ)
43adantr 270 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑎 ∈ ℤ)
5 simplrr 503 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)
65adantr 270 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)
7 znq 9004 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) ∈ ℚ)
8 qre 9005 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑎 / 𝑏) ∈ ℚ → (𝑎 / 𝑏) ∈ ℝ)
97, 8syl 14 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) ∈ ℝ)
104, 6, 9syl2anc 403 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) ∈ ℝ)
11 sqrt2re 10922 . . . . . . . 8 (√‘2) ∈ ℝ
1211a1i 9 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (√‘2) ∈ ℝ)
13 0red 7392 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 0 ∈ ℝ)
144zcnd 8765 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑎 ∈ ℂ)
156nncnd 8330 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑏 ∈ ℂ)
166nnap0d 8361 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑏 # 0)
1714, 15, 16divrecapd 8157 . . . . . . . . 9 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) = (𝑎 · (1 / 𝑏)))
184zred 8764 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑎 ∈ ℝ)
196nnrecred 8362 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (1 / 𝑏) ∈ ℝ)
20 simpr 108 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑎 ≤ 0)
21 1red 7406 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 1 ∈ ℝ)
226nnrpd 9067 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 𝑏 ∈ ℝ+)
23 0le1 7862 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 0 ≤ 1
2423a1i 9 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 0 ≤ 1)
2521, 22, 24divge0d 9109 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑏))
26 mulle0r 8299 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑎 ∈ ℝ ∧ (1 / 𝑏) ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝑎 ≤ 0 ∧ 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑏))) → (𝑎 · (1 / 𝑏)) ≤ 0)
2718, 19, 20, 25, 26syl22anc 1171 . . . . . . . . 9 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (𝑎 · (1 / 𝑏)) ≤ 0)
2817, 27eqbrtrd 3831 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) ≤ 0)
29 2re 8386 . . . . . . . . . 10 2 ∈ ℝ
30 2pos 8407 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 < 2
3129, 30sqrtgt0ii 10391 . . . . . . . . 9 0 < (√‘2)
3231a1i 9 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → 0 < (√‘2))
3310, 13, 12, 28, 32lelttrd 7511 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (𝑎 / 𝑏) < (√‘2))
3410, 12, 33gtapd 8012 . . . . . 6 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 𝑎 ≤ 0) → (√‘2) # (𝑎 / 𝑏))
353adantr 270 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 0 < 𝑎) → 𝑎 ∈ ℤ)
36 simpr 108 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 0 < 𝑎) → 0 < 𝑎)
37 elnnz 8656 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑎 ∈ ℕ ↔ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 < 𝑎))
3835, 36, 37sylanbrc 408 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 0 < 𝑎) → 𝑎 ∈ ℕ)
395adantr 270 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 0 < 𝑎) → 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)
40 sqrt2irraplemnn 10937 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑎 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ) → (√‘2) # (𝑎 / 𝑏))
4138, 39, 40syl2anc 403 . . . . . 6 ((((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) ∧ 0 < 𝑎) → (√‘2) # (𝑎 / 𝑏))
42 0z 8657 . . . . . . . . 9 0 ∈ ℤ
43 zlelttric 8691 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑎 ≤ 0 ∨ 0 < 𝑎))
4442, 43mpan2 416 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑎 ∈ ℤ → (𝑎 ≤ 0 ∨ 0 < 𝑎))
4544ad2antrl 474 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑎 ≤ 0 ∨ 0 < 𝑎))
4645adantr 270 . . . . . 6 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → (𝑎 ≤ 0 ∨ 0 < 𝑎))
4734, 41, 46mpjaodan 745 . . . . 5 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → (√‘2) # (𝑎 / 𝑏))
48 simpr 108 . . . . 5 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏))
4947, 48breqtrrd 3837 . . . 4 (((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) ∧ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏)) → (√‘2) # 𝑄)
5049ex 113 . . 3 ((𝑄 ∈ ℚ ∧ (𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑏 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏) → (√‘2) # 𝑄))
5150rexlimdvva 2490 . 2 (𝑄 ∈ ℚ → (∃𝑎 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑏 ∈ ℕ 𝑄 = (𝑎 / 𝑏) → (√‘2) # 𝑄))
522, 51mpd 13 1 (𝑄 ∈ ℚ → (√‘2) # 𝑄)
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 102  wo 662   = wceq 1285  wcel 1434  wrex 2354   class class class wbr 3811  cfv 4969  (class class class)co 5591  cr 7252  0cc0 7253  1c1 7254   · cmul 7258   < clt 7425  cle 7426   # cap 7958   / cdiv 8037  cn 8316  2c2 8366  cz 8646  cq 8999  csqrt 10256
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-1 5  ax-2 6  ax-mp 7  ax-ia1 104  ax-ia2 105  ax-ia3 106  ax-in1 577  ax-in2 578  ax-io 663  ax-5 1377  ax-7 1378  ax-gen 1379  ax-ie1 1423  ax-ie2 1424  ax-8 1436  ax-10 1437  ax-11 1438  ax-i12 1439  ax-bndl 1440  ax-4 1441  ax-13 1445  ax-14 1446  ax-17 1460  ax-i9 1464  ax-ial 1468  ax-i5r 1469  ax-ext 2065  ax-coll 3919  ax-sep 3922  ax-nul 3930  ax-pow 3974  ax-pr 4000  ax-un 4224  ax-setind 4316  ax-iinf 4366  ax-cnex 7339  ax-resscn 7340  ax-1cn 7341  ax-1re 7342  ax-icn 7343  ax-addcl 7344  ax-addrcl 7345  ax-mulcl 7346  ax-mulrcl 7347  ax-addcom 7348  ax-mulcom 7349  ax-addass 7350  ax-mulass 7351  ax-distr 7352  ax-i2m1 7353  ax-0lt1 7354  ax-1rid 7355  ax-0id 7356  ax-rnegex 7357  ax-precex 7358  ax-cnre 7359  ax-pre-ltirr 7360  ax-pre-ltwlin 7361  ax-pre-lttrn 7362  ax-pre-apti 7363  ax-pre-ltadd 7364  ax-pre-mulgt0 7365  ax-pre-mulext 7366  ax-arch 7367  ax-caucvg 7368
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 115  df-dc 777  df-3or 921  df-3an 922  df-tru 1288  df-fal 1291  df-xor 1308  df-nf 1391  df-sb 1688  df-eu 1946  df-mo 1947  df-clab 2070  df-cleq 2076  df-clel 2079  df-nfc 2212  df-ne 2250  df-nel 2345  df-ral 2358  df-rex 2359  df-reu 2360  df-rmo 2361  df-rab 2362  df-v 2614  df-sbc 2827  df-csb 2920  df-dif 2986  df-un 2988  df-in 2990  df-ss 2997  df-nul 3270  df-if 3374  df-pw 3408  df-sn 3428  df-pr 3429  df-op 3431  df-uni 3628  df-int 3663  df-iun 3706  df-br 3812  df-opab 3866  df-mpt 3867  df-tr 3902  df-id 4084  df-po 4087  df-iso 4088  df-iord 4157  df-on 4159  df-ilim 4160  df-suc 4162  df-iom 4369  df-xp 4407  df-rel 4408  df-cnv 4409  df-co 4410  df-dm 4411  df-rn 4412  df-res 4413  df-ima 4414  df-iota 4934  df-fun 4971  df-fn 4972  df-f 4973  df-f1 4974  df-fo 4975  df-f1o 4976  df-fv 4977  df-riota 5547  df-ov 5594  df-oprab 5595  df-mpt2 5596  df-1st 5846  df-2nd 5847  df-recs 6002  df-frec 6088  df-1o 6113  df-2o 6114  df-er 6222  df-en 6388  df-sup 6586  df-pnf 7427  df-mnf 7428  df-xr 7429  df-ltxr 7430  df-le 7431  df-sub 7558  df-neg 7559  df-reap 7952  df-ap 7959  df-div 8038  df-inn 8317  df-2 8375  df-3 8376  df-4 8377  df-n0 8566  df-z 8647  df-uz 8915  df-q 9000  df-rp 9030  df-fz 9320  df-fzo 9444  df-fl 9566  df-mod 9619  df-iseq 9741  df-iexp 9792  df-cj 10103  df-re 10104  df-im 10105  df-rsqrt 10258  df-abs 10259  df-dvds 10577  df-gcd 10719  df-prm 10870
This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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