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Theorem lcmgcd 16003
 Description: The product of two numbers' least common multiple and greatest common divisor is the absolute value of the product of the two numbers. In particular, that absolute value is the least common multiple of two coprime numbers, for which (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) = 1. Multiple methods exist for proving this, and it is often proven either as a consequence of the fundamental theorem of arithmetic 1arith 16318 or of Bézout's identity bezout 15942; see e.g., https://proofwiki.org/wiki/Product_of_GCD_and_LCM 15942 and https://math.stackexchange.com/a/470827 15942. This proof uses the latter to first confirm it for positive integers 𝑀 and 𝑁 (the "Second Proof" in the above Stack Exchange page), then shows that implies it for all nonzero integer inputs, then finally uses lcm0val 15990 to show it applies when either or both inputs are zero. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 20-Jan-2020.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
lcmgcd ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))

Proof of Theorem lcmgcd
StepHypRef Expression
1 gcdcl 15905 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
21nn0cnd 11996 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 gcd 𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
32mul02d 10876 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = 0)
4 0z 12031 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 ∈ ℤ
5 lcmcom 15989 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 0 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
64, 5mpan2 690 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
7 lcm0val 15990 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 lcm 0) = 0)
86, 7eqtr3d 2795 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
98adantl 485 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 lcm 𝑁) = 0)
109oveq1d 7165 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
11 zcn 12025 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1211adantl 485 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
1312mul02d 10876 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (0 · 𝑁) = 0)
1413abs00bd 14699 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)) = 0)
153, 10, 143eqtr4d 2803 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
1615adantr 484 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
17 simpr 488 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → 𝑀 = 0)
1817oveq1d 7165 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (0 lcm 𝑁))
1918oveq1d 7165 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((0 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
2017oveq1d 7165 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (0 · 𝑁))
2120fveq2d 6662 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(0 · 𝑁)))
2216, 19, 213eqtr4d 2803 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑀 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
23 lcm0val 15990 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2423adantr 484 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 lcm 0) = 0)
2524oveq1d 7165 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (0 · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
26 zcn 12025 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2726adantr 484 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → 𝑀 ∈ ℂ)
2827mul01d 10877 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 · 0) = 0)
2928abs00bd 14699 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)) = 0)
303, 25, 293eqtr4d 2803 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3130adantr 484 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
32 simpr 488 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → 𝑁 = 0)
3332oveq2d 7166 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 lcm 𝑁) = (𝑀 lcm 0))
3433oveq1d 7165 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = ((𝑀 lcm 0) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
3532oveq2d 7166 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) = (𝑀 · 0))
3635fveq2d 6662 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 0)))
3731, 34, 363eqtr4d 2803 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑁 = 0) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
3822, 37jaodan 955 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
39 neanior 3043 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) ↔ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0))
40 nnabscl 14733 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ)
41 nnabscl 14733 . . . . . . 7 ((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ)
4240, 41anim12i 615 . . . . . 6 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 ≠ 0) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4342an4s 659 . . . . 5 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ≠ 0 ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
4439, 43sylan2br 597 . . . 4 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ))
45 lcmgcdlem 16002 . . . . 5 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → ((((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) ∧ ((0 ∈ ℕ ∧ ((abs‘𝑀) ∥ 0 ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∥ 0)) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) ∥ 0)))
4645simpld 498 . . . 4 (((abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ ∧ (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
4744, 46syl 17 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))))
48 lcmabs 16001 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 lcm 𝑁))
49 gcdabs 15928 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁)) = (𝑀 gcd 𝑁))
5048, 49oveq12d 7168 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
5150adantr 484 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (((abs‘𝑀) lcm (abs‘𝑁)) · ((abs‘𝑀) gcd (abs‘𝑁))) = ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)))
52 absidm 14731 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) = (abs‘𝑀))
53 absidm 14731 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘(abs‘𝑁)) = (abs‘𝑁))
5452, 53oveqan12d 7169 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℂ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
5526, 11, 54syl2an 598 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
56 nn0abscl 14720 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)
5756nn0cnd 11996 . . . . . . 7 (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
5857adantr 484 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑀) ∈ ℂ)
59 nn0abscl 14720 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℕ0)
6059nn0cnd 11996 . . . . . . 7 (𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6160adantl 485 . . . . . 6 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘𝑁) ∈ ℂ)
6258, 61absmuld 14862 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = ((abs‘(abs‘𝑀)) · (abs‘(abs‘𝑁))))
6327, 12absmuld 14862 . . . . 5 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)) = ((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁)))
6455, 62, 633eqtr4d 2803 . . . 4 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6564adantr 484 . . 3 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → (abs‘((abs‘𝑀) · (abs‘𝑁))) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6647, 51, 653eqtr3d 2801 . 2 (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ¬ (𝑀 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 0)) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
6738, 66pm2.61dan 812 1 ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑀 lcm 𝑁) · (𝑀 gcd 𝑁)) = (abs‘(𝑀 · 𝑁)))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:  ¬ wn 3   → wi 4   ∧ wa 399   ∨ wo 844   = wceq 1538   ∈ wcel 2111   ≠ wne 2951   class class class wbr 5032  ‘cfv 6335  (class class class)co 7150  ℂcc 10573  0cc0 10575   · cmul 10580  ℕcn 11674  ℤcz 12020  abscabs 14641   ∥ cdvds 15655   gcd cgcd 15893   lcm clcm 15984 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2113  ax-9 2121  ax-10 2142  ax-11 2158  ax-12 2175  ax-ext 2729  ax-sep 5169  ax-nul 5176  ax-pow 5234  ax-pr 5298  ax-un 7459  ax-cnex 10631  ax-resscn 10632  ax-1cn 10633  ax-icn 10634  ax-addcl 10635  ax-addrcl 10636  ax-mulcl 10637  ax-mulrcl 10638  ax-mulcom 10639  ax-addass 10640  ax-mulass 10641  ax-distr 10642  ax-i2m1 10643  ax-1ne0 10644  ax-1rid 10645  ax-rnegex 10646  ax-rrecex 10647  ax-cnre 10648  ax-pre-lttri 10649  ax-pre-lttrn 10650  ax-pre-ltadd 10651  ax-pre-mulgt0 10652  ax-pre-sup 10653 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-fal 1551  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2557  df-eu 2588  df-clab 2736  df-cleq 2750  df-clel 2830  df-nfc 2901  df-ne 2952  df-nel 3056  df-ral 3075  df-rex 3076  df-reu 3077  df-rmo 3078  df-rab 3079  df-v 3411  df-sbc 3697  df-csb 3806  df-dif 3861  df-un 3863  df-in 3865  df-ss 3875  df-pss 3877  df-nul 4226  df-if 4421  df-pw 4496  df-sn 4523  df-pr 4525  df-tp 4527  df-op 4529  df-uni 4799  df-iun 4885  df-br 5033  df-opab 5095  df-mpt 5113  df-tr 5139  df-id 5430  df-eprel 5435  df-po 5443  df-so 5444  df-fr 5483  df-we 5485  df-xp 5530  df-rel 5531  df-cnv 5532  df-co 5533  df-dm 5534  df-rn 5535  df-res 5536  df-ima 5537  df-pred 6126  df-ord 6172  df-on 6173  df-lim 6174  df-suc 6175  df-iota 6294  df-fun 6337  df-fn 6338  df-f 6339  df-f1 6340  df-fo 6341  df-f1o 6342  df-fv 6343  df-riota 7108  df-ov 7153  df-oprab 7154  df-mpo 7155  df-om 7580  df-2nd 7694  df-wrecs 7957  df-recs 8018  df-rdg 8056  df-er 8299  df-en 8528  df-dom 8529  df-sdom 8530  df-sup 8939  df-inf 8940  df-pnf 10715  df-mnf 10716  df-xr 10717  df-ltxr 10718  df-le 10719  df-sub 10910  df-neg 10911  df-div 11336  df-nn 11675  df-2 11737  df-3 11738  df-n0 11935  df-z 12021  df-uz 12283  df-rp 12431  df-fl 13211  df-mod 13287  df-seq 13419  df-exp 13480  df-cj 14506  df-re 14507  df-im 14508  df-sqrt 14642  df-abs 14643  df-dvds 15656  df-gcd 15894  df-lcm 15986 This theorem is referenced by:  lcmid  16005  lcm1  16006  lcmgcdnn  16007  nzprmdif  41396
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