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Theorem resqrex 14278
Description: Existence of a square root for positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
resqrex ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
Distinct variable group:   𝑥,𝐴

Proof of Theorem resqrex
Dummy variable 𝑦 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 0re 10295 . . . . 5 0 ∈ ℝ
2 leloe 10378 . . . . 5 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ) → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴)))
31, 2mpan 681 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴)))
4 elrp 12030 . . . . . . 7 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴))
5 01sqrex 14277 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
6 rprege0 12045 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥))
76anim1i 608 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥) ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8 anass 460 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑥) ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
97, 8sylib 209 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
109adantrl 707 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
1110reximi2 3156 . . . . . . . 8 (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑥 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
125, 11syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
134, 12sylanbr 577 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) ∧ 𝐴 ≤ 1) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
1413exp31 410 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 < 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
15 sq0 13162 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0↑2) = 0
16 id 22 . . . . . . . . . 10 (0 = 𝐴 → 0 = 𝐴)
1715, 16syl5eq 2811 . . . . . . . . 9 (0 = 𝐴 → (0↑2) = 𝐴)
18 0le0 11380 . . . . . . . . 9 0 ≤ 0
1917, 18jctil 515 . . . . . . . 8 (0 = 𝐴 → (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴))
20 breq2 4813 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 0 → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ 0))
21 oveq1 6849 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑥 = 0 → (𝑥↑2) = (0↑2))
2221eqeq1d 2767 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = 0 → ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ↔ (0↑2) = 𝐴))
2320, 22anbi12d 624 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = 0 → ((0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴)))
2423rspcev 3461 . . . . . . . 8 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ 0 ∧ (0↑2) = 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
251, 19, 24sylancr 581 . . . . . . 7 (0 = 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
2625a1d 25 . . . . . 6 (0 = 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
2726a1i 11 . . . . 5 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 = 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
2814, 27jaod 885 . . . 4 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ((0 < 𝐴 ∨ 0 = 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
293, 28sylbid 231 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (0 ≤ 𝐴 → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))))
3029imp 395 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
31 0lt1 10804 . . . . . . . . . 10 0 < 1
32 1re 10293 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℝ
33 ltletr 10383 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ) → ((0 < 1 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴))
341, 32, 33mp3an12 1575 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ((0 < 1 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴))
3531, 34mpani 687 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → 0 < 𝐴))
3635imp 395 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 0 < 𝐴)
374biimpri 219 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)
3836, 37syldan 585 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)
3938rpreccld 12080 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ+)
40 simpr 477 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 1 ≤ 𝐴)
41 lerec 11160 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((1 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 1) ∧ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴)) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4232, 31, 41mpanl12 693 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4336, 42syldan 585 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1)))
4440, 43mpbid 223 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ≤ (1 / 1))
45 1div1e1 10971 . . . . . . 7 (1 / 1) = 1
4644, 45syl6breq 4850 . . . . . 6 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / 𝐴) ≤ 1)
47 01sqrex 14277 . . . . . 6 (((1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (1 / 𝐴) ≤ 1) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)))
4839, 46, 47syl2anc 579 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)))
49 rpre 12036 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ)
50493ad2ant2 1164 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 𝑦 ∈ ℝ)
51 rpgt0 12042 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ → 0 < 𝑦)
52513ad2ant2 1164 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 0 < 𝑦)
53 gt0ne0 10747 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 𝑦 ≠ 0)
54 rereccl 10997 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
5553, 54syldan 585 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
5650, 52, 55syl2anc 579 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ)
57 recgt0 11121 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 0 < (1 / 𝑦))
58 ltle 10380 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((0 ∈ ℝ ∧ (1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ) → (0 < (1 / 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
591, 58mpan 681 . . . . . . . . 9 ((1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ → (0 < (1 / 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
6055, 57, 59sylc 65 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦))
6150, 52, 60syl2anc 579 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦))
62 recn 10279 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
6362adantr 472 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → 𝑦 ∈ ℂ)
6463, 53sqrecd 13219 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑦 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝑦) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = (1 / (𝑦↑2)))
6550, 52, 64syl2anc 579 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = (1 / (𝑦↑2)))
66 simp3r 1259 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))
6766oveq2d 6858 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / (𝑦↑2)) = (1 / (1 / 𝐴)))
68 gt0ne0 10747 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≠ 0)
6936, 68syldan 585 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ≠ 0)
70 recn 10279 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
71 recrec 10976 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7270, 71sylan 575 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7369, 72syldan 585 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
74733ad2ant1 1163 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → (1 / (1 / 𝐴)) = 𝐴)
7565, 67, 743eqtrd 2803 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)
76 breq2 4813 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → (0 ≤ 𝑥 ↔ 0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦)))
77 oveq1 6849 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → (𝑥↑2) = ((1 / 𝑦)↑2))
7877eqeq1d 2767 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ↔ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴))
7976, 78anbi12d 624 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑥 = (1 / 𝑦) → ((0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴) ↔ (0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦) ∧ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)))
8079rspcev 3461 . . . . . . 7 (((1 / 𝑦) ∈ ℝ ∧ (0 ≤ (1 / 𝑦) ∧ ((1 / 𝑦)↑2) = 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8156, 61, 75, 80syl12anc 865 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ ∧ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8281rexlimdv3a 3180 . . . . 5 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑦 ≤ 1 ∧ (𝑦↑2) = (1 / 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
8348, 82mpd 15 . . . 4 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
8483ex 401 . . 3 (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
8584adantr 472 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (1 ≤ 𝐴 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴)))
86 simpl 474 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
87 letric 10391 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 ∨ 1 ≤ 𝐴))
8886, 32, 87sylancl 580 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (𝐴 ≤ 1 ∨ 1 ≤ 𝐴))
8930, 85, 88mpjaod 886 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 ≤ 𝑥 ∧ (𝑥↑2) = 𝐴))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wb 197  wa 384  wo 873  w3a 1107   = wceq 1652  wcel 2155  wne 2937  wrex 3056   class class class wbr 4809  (class class class)co 6842  cc 10187  cr 10188  0cc0 10189  1c1 10190   < clt 10328  cle 10329   / cdiv 10938  2c2 11327  +crp 12028  cexp 13067
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1890  ax-4 1904  ax-5 2005  ax-6 2070  ax-7 2105  ax-8 2157  ax-9 2164  ax-10 2183  ax-11 2198  ax-12 2211  ax-13 2352  ax-ext 2743  ax-sep 4941  ax-nul 4949  ax-pow 5001  ax-pr 5062  ax-un 7147  ax-cnex 10245  ax-resscn 10246  ax-1cn 10247  ax-icn 10248  ax-addcl 10249  ax-addrcl 10250  ax-mulcl 10251  ax-mulrcl 10252  ax-mulcom 10253  ax-addass 10254  ax-mulass 10255  ax-distr 10256  ax-i2m1 10257  ax-1ne0 10258  ax-1rid 10259  ax-rnegex 10260  ax-rrecex 10261  ax-cnre 10262  ax-pre-lttri 10263  ax-pre-lttrn 10264  ax-pre-ltadd 10265  ax-pre-mulgt0 10266  ax-pre-sup 10267
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 385  df-or 874  df-3or 1108  df-3an 1109  df-tru 1656  df-ex 1875  df-nf 1879  df-sb 2063  df-mo 2565  df-eu 2582  df-clab 2752  df-cleq 2758  df-clel 2761  df-nfc 2896  df-ne 2938  df-nel 3041  df-ral 3060  df-rex 3061  df-reu 3062  df-rmo 3063  df-rab 3064  df-v 3352  df-sbc 3597  df-csb 3692  df-dif 3735  df-un 3737  df-in 3739  df-ss 3746  df-pss 3748  df-nul 4080  df-if 4244  df-pw 4317  df-sn 4335  df-pr 4337  df-tp 4339  df-op 4341  df-uni 4595  df-iun 4678  df-br 4810  df-opab 4872  df-mpt 4889  df-tr 4912  df-id 5185  df-eprel 5190  df-po 5198  df-so 5199  df-fr 5236  df-we 5238  df-xp 5283  df-rel 5284  df-cnv 5285  df-co 5286  df-dm 5287  df-rn 5288  df-res 5289  df-ima 5290  df-pred 5865  df-ord 5911  df-on 5912  df-lim 5913  df-suc 5914  df-iota 6031  df-fun 6070  df-fn 6071  df-f 6072  df-f1 6073  df-fo 6074  df-f1o 6075  df-fv 6076  df-riota 6803  df-ov 6845  df-oprab 6846  df-mpt2 6847  df-om 7264  df-2nd 7367  df-wrecs 7610  df-recs 7672  df-rdg 7710  df-er 7947  df-en 8161  df-dom 8162  df-sdom 8163  df-sup 8555  df-pnf 10330  df-mnf 10331  df-xr 10332  df-ltxr 10333  df-le 10334  df-sub 10522  df-neg 10523  df-div 10939  df-nn 11275  df-2 11335  df-3 11336  df-n0 11539  df-z 11625  df-uz 11887  df-rp 12029  df-seq 13009  df-exp 13068
This theorem is referenced by:  resqreu  14280  resqrtcl  14281
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