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Theorem bcxmas 11198
Description: Parallel summation (Christmas Stocking) theorem for Pascal's Triangle. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 18-May-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Apr-2014.)
Assertion
Ref Expression
bcxmas ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑀 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑗,𝑀   𝑗,𝑁

Proof of Theorem bcxmas
Dummy variables 𝑚 𝑘 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0))
2 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 0 → (0...𝑚) = (0...0))
32sumeq1d 11075 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 0 → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
41, 3eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4 (𝑚 = 0 → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ↔ (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
54imbi2d 229 . . 3 (𝑚 = 0 → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
6 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘))
7 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (0...𝑚) = (0...𝑘))
87sumeq1d 11075 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
96, 8eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ↔ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
109imbi2d 229 . . 3 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
11 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = (𝑘 + 1) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)))
12 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = (𝑘 + 1) → (0...𝑚) = (0...(𝑘 + 1)))
1312sumeq1d 11075 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = (𝑘 + 1) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
1411, 13eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4 (𝑚 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ↔ (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
1514imbi2d 229 . . 3 (𝑚 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
16 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑀 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀))
17 oveq2 5748 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑀 → (0...𝑚) = (0...𝑀))
1817sumeq1d 11075 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑀 → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
1916, 18eqeq12d 2130 . . . 4 (𝑚 = 𝑀 → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ↔ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
2019imbi2d 229 . . 3 (𝑚 = 𝑀 → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑚)C𝑚) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑚)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
21 0nn0 8943 . . . . 5 0 ∈ ℕ0
22 nn0addcl 8963 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 + 0) ∈ ℕ0)
23 bcn0 10441 . . . . . 6 ((𝑁 + 0) ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 + 0)C0) = 1)
2422, 23syl 14 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 0)C0) = 1)
2521, 24mpan2 419 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 + 0)C0) = 1)
26 0z 9016 . . . . 5 0 ∈ ℤ
27 1nn0 8944 . . . . . . 7 1 ∈ ℕ0
2825, 27syl6eqel 2206 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 + 0)C0) ∈ ℕ0)
2928nn0cnd 8983 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 + 0)C0) ∈ ℂ)
30 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = 0 → ((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = ((𝑁 + 0)C0))
3130fsum1 11121 . . . . 5 ((0 ∈ ℤ ∧ ((𝑁 + 0)C0) ∈ ℂ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = ((𝑁 + 0)C0))
3226, 29, 31sylancr 408 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = ((𝑁 + 0)C0))
33 peano2nn0 8968 . . . . . 6 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
34 nn0addcl 8963 . . . . . 6 (((𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 0 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 0) ∈ ℕ0)
3533, 21, 34sylancl 407 . . . . 5 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 + 1) + 0) ∈ ℕ0)
36 bcn0 10441 . . . . 5 (((𝑁 + 1) + 0) ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0) = 1)
3735, 36syl 14 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0) = 1)
3825, 32, 373eqtr4rd 2159 . . 3 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 0)C0) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...0)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
39 simpr 109 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
40 elnn0uz 9312 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘0))
4139, 40sylib 121 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘0))
42 simpl 108 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
43 elfznn0 9834 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1)) → 𝑗 ∈ ℕ0)
44 nn0addcl 8963 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑗 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 + 𝑗) ∈ ℕ0)
4542, 43, 44syl2an 285 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))) → (𝑁 + 𝑗) ∈ ℕ0)
46 elfzelz 9746 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1)) → 𝑗 ∈ ℤ)
4746adantl 273 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))) → 𝑗 ∈ ℤ)
48 bccl 10453 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑁 + 𝑗) ∈ ℕ0𝑗 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ∈ ℕ0)
4945, 47, 48syl2anc 406 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))) → ((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ∈ ℕ0)
5049nn0cnd 8983 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))) → ((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) ∈ ℂ)
51 bcxmaslem1 11197 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → ((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = ((𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)))
5241, 50, 51fsump1 11129 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + ((𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1))))
53 nn0cn 8938 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
5453adantr 272 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁 ∈ ℂ)
55 nn0cn 8938 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
5655adantl 273 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℂ)
57 1cnd 7746 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 1 ∈ ℂ)
58 add32r 7886 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → (𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘))
5954, 56, 57, 58syl3anc 1199 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1)) = ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘))
6059oveq1d 5755 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)))
6160oveq2d 5756 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + ((𝑁 + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1))) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
6252, 61eqtrd 2148 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
6362adantr 272 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
64 oveq1 5747 . . . . . . . 8 ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
6564adantl 273 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))) = (Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
66 ax-1cn 7677 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 1 ∈ ℂ
67 pncan 7932 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑘 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑘 + 1) − 1) = 𝑘)
6856, 66, 67sylancl 407 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 + 1) − 1) = 𝑘)
6968oveq2d 5756 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C((𝑘 + 1) − 1)) = (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘))
7069oveq2d 5756 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C((𝑘 + 1) − 1))) = ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘)))
71 nn0addcl 8963 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
7233, 71sylan 279 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
73 nn0p1nn 8967 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
7473adantl 273 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
7574nnzd 9123 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℤ)
76 bcpasc 10452 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℤ) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C((𝑘 + 1) − 1))) = ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) + 1)C(𝑘 + 1)))
7772, 75, 76syl2anc 406 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C((𝑘 + 1) − 1))) = ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) + 1)C(𝑘 + 1)))
7870, 77eqtr3d 2150 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘)) = ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) + 1)C(𝑘 + 1)))
79 nn0p1nn 8967 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
80 nnnn0addcl 8958 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ)
8179, 80sylan 279 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ)
8281nnnn0d 8981 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
83 bccl 10453 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℤ) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℕ0)
8482, 75, 83syl2anc 406 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℕ0)
8584nn0cnd 8983 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℂ)
86 nn0z 9025 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
8786adantl 273 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
88 bccl 10453 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℤ) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
8971, 87, 88syl2anc 406 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
9033, 89sylan 279 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) ∈ ℕ0)
9190nn0cnd 8983 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
9285, 91addcomd 7877 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1)) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘)) = ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))))
93 peano2cn 7861 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑁 ∈ ℂ → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℂ)
9453, 93syl 14 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℂ)
9594adantr 272 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℂ)
9695, 56, 57addassd 7752 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) + 1) = ((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1)))
9796oveq1d 5755 . . . . . . . . 9 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘) + 1)C(𝑘 + 1)) = (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)))
9878, 92, 973eqtr3d 2156 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))) = (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)))
9998adantr 272 . . . . . . 7 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) + (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C(𝑘 + 1))) = (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)))
10063, 65, 993eqtr2rd 2155 . . . . . 6 (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) → (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
101100ex 114 . . . . 5 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) → (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
102101expcom 115 . . . 4 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → ((((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗) → (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
103102a2d 26 . . 3 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑘)C𝑘) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑘)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)) → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + (𝑘 + 1))C(𝑘 + 1)) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑘 + 1))((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))))
1045, 10, 15, 20, 38, 103nn0ind 9116 . 2 (𝑀 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗)))
105104impcom 124 1 ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑀 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝑁 + 1) + 𝑀)C𝑀) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)((𝑁 + 𝑗)C𝑗))
Colors of variables: wff set class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 103   = wceq 1314  wcel 1463  cfv 5091  (class class class)co 5740  cc 7582  0cc0 7584  1c1 7585   + caddc 7587  cmin 7897  cn 8677  0cn0 8928  cz 9005  cuz 9275  ...cfz 9730  Ccbc 10433  Σcsu 11062
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-ia1 105  ax-ia2 106  ax-ia3 107  ax-in1 586  ax-in2 587  ax-io 681  ax-5 1406  ax-7 1407  ax-gen 1408  ax-ie1 1452  ax-ie2 1453  ax-8 1465  ax-10 1466  ax-11 1467  ax-i12 1468  ax-bndl 1469  ax-4 1470  ax-13 1474  ax-14 1475  ax-17 1489  ax-i9 1493  ax-ial 1497  ax-i5r 1498  ax-ext 2097  ax-coll 4011  ax-sep 4014  ax-nul 4022  ax-pow 4066  ax-pr 4099  ax-un 4323  ax-setind 4420  ax-iinf 4470  ax-cnex 7675  ax-resscn 7676  ax-1cn 7677  ax-1re 7678  ax-icn 7679  ax-addcl 7680  ax-addrcl 7681  ax-mulcl 7682  ax-mulrcl 7683  ax-addcom 7684  ax-mulcom 7685  ax-addass 7686  ax-mulass 7687  ax-distr 7688  ax-i2m1 7689  ax-0lt1 7690  ax-1rid 7691  ax-0id 7692  ax-rnegex 7693  ax-precex 7694  ax-cnre 7695  ax-pre-ltirr 7696  ax-pre-ltwlin 7697  ax-pre-lttrn 7698  ax-pre-apti 7699  ax-pre-ltadd 7700  ax-pre-mulgt0 7701  ax-pre-mulext 7702  ax-arch 7703  ax-caucvg 7704
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 116  df-dc 803  df-3or 946  df-3an 947  df-tru 1317  df-fal 1320  df-nf 1420  df-sb 1719  df-eu 1978  df-mo 1979  df-clab 2102  df-cleq 2108  df-clel 2111  df-nfc 2245  df-ne 2284  df-nel 2379  df-ral 2396  df-rex 2397  df-reu 2398  df-rmo 2399  df-rab 2400  df-v 2660  df-sbc 2881  df-csb 2974  df-dif 3041  df-un 3043  df-in 3045  df-ss 3052  df-nul 3332  df-if 3443  df-pw 3480  df-sn 3501  df-pr 3502  df-op 3504  df-uni 3705  df-int 3740  df-iun 3783  df-br 3898  df-opab 3958  df-mpt 3959  df-tr 3995  df-id 4183  df-po 4186  df-iso 4187  df-iord 4256  df-on 4258  df-ilim 4259  df-suc 4261  df-iom 4473  df-xp 4513  df-rel 4514  df-cnv 4515  df-co 4516  df-dm 4517  df-rn 4518  df-res 4519  df-ima 4520  df-iota 5056  df-fun 5093  df-fn 5094  df-f 5095  df-f1 5096  df-fo 5097  df-f1o 5098  df-fv 5099  df-isom 5100  df-riota 5696  df-ov 5743  df-oprab 5744  df-mpo 5745  df-1st 6004  df-2nd 6005  df-recs 6168  df-irdg 6233  df-frec 6254  df-1o 6279  df-oadd 6283  df-er 6395  df-en 6601  df-dom 6602  df-fin 6603  df-pnf 7766  df-mnf 7767  df-xr 7768  df-ltxr 7769  df-le 7770  df-sub 7899  df-neg 7900  df-reap 8300  df-ap 8307  df-div 8393  df-inn 8678  df-2 8736  df-3 8737  df-4 8738  df-n0 8929  df-z 9006  df-uz 9276  df-q 9361  df-rp 9391  df-fz 9731  df-fzo 9860  df-seqfrec 10159  df-exp 10233  df-fac 10412  df-bc 10434  df-ihash 10462  df-cj 10554  df-re 10555  df-im 10556  df-rsqrt 10710  df-abs 10711  df-clim 10988  df-sumdc 11063
This theorem is referenced by:  arisum  11207
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