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Theorem 2sqlem10 26012
Description: Lemma for 2sq 26014. Every factor of a "proper" sum of two squares (where the summands are coprime) is a sum of two squares. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Jun-2015.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
2sq.1 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
2sqlem7.2 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
Assertion
Ref Expression
2sqlem10 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Distinct variable groups:   𝑥,𝑤,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐴,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝐵,𝑦   𝑥,𝑆,𝑦,𝑧   𝑥,𝑌,𝑦
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐴(𝑤)   𝐵(𝑧,𝑤)   𝑆(𝑤)   𝑌(𝑧,𝑤)

Proof of Theorem 2sqlem10
Dummy variables 𝑎 𝑏 𝑛 𝑚 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 breq1 5033 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑎𝐵𝑎))
2 eleq1 2877 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (𝑏𝑆𝐵𝑆))
31, 2imbi12d 348 . . . . 5 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
43ralbidv 3162 . . . 4 (𝑏 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆)))
5 oveq2 7143 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 1 → (1...𝑚) = (1...1))
65raleqdv 3364 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 1 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
7 oveq2 7143 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝑛))
87raleqdv 3364 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑛 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
9 oveq2 7143 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (1...𝑚) = (1...(𝑛 + 1)))
109raleqdv 3364 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
11 oveq2 7143 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (1...𝑚) = (1...𝐵))
1211raleqdv 3364 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝐵 → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑚)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
13 elfz1eq 12913 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏 = 1)
14 1z 12000 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1 ∈ ℤ
15 zgz 16259 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1 ∈ ℤ → 1 ∈ ℤ[i])
1614, 15ax-mp 5 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℤ[i]
17 sq1 13554 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (1↑2) = 1
1817eqcomi 2807 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 = (1↑2)
19 fveq2 6645 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = (abs‘1))
20 abs1 14649 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (abs‘1) = 1
2119, 20eqtrdi 2849 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (𝑥 = 1 → (abs‘𝑥) = 1)
2221oveq1d 7150 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑥 = 1 → ((abs‘𝑥)↑2) = (1↑2))
2322rspceeqv 3586 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((1 ∈ ℤ[i] ∧ 1 = (1↑2)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2416, 18, 23mp2an 691 . . . . . . . . . 10 𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2)
25 2sq.1 . . . . . . . . . . 11 𝑆 = ran (𝑤 ∈ ℤ[i] ↦ ((abs‘𝑤)↑2))
26252sqlem1 26001 . . . . . . . . . 10 (1 ∈ 𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ[i] 1 = ((abs‘𝑥)↑2))
2724, 26mpbir 234 . . . . . . . . 9 1 ∈ 𝑆
2813, 27eqeltrdi 2898 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → 𝑏𝑆)
2928a1d 25 . . . . . . 7 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
3029ralrimivw 3150 . . . . . 6 (𝑏 ∈ (1...1) → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
3130rgen 3116 . . . . 5 𝑏 ∈ (1...1)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)
32 2sqlem7.2 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 𝑌 = {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ ((𝑥 gcd 𝑦) = 1 ∧ 𝑧 = ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)))}
33 simplr 768 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
34 nncn 11633 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
3534ad2antrr 725 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑛 ∈ ℂ)
36 ax-1cn 10584 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 1 ∈ ℂ
37 pncan 10881 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 ((𝑛 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
3835, 36, 37sylancl 589 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ((𝑛 + 1) − 1) = 𝑛)
3938oveq2d 7151 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1)) = (1...𝑛))
4039raleqdv 3364 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
4133, 40mpbird 260 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...((𝑛 + 1) − 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
42 simprr 772 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)
43 peano2nn 11637 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
4443ad2antrr 725 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
45 simprl 770 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → 𝑚𝑌)
4625, 32, 41, 42, 44, 452sqlem9 26011 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ (𝑚𝑌 ∧ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚)) → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)
4746expr 460 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) ∧ 𝑚𝑌) → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
4847ralrimiva 3149 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
4948ex 416 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
50 breq2 5034 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚))
5150imbi1d 345 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑎 = 𝑚 → (((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5251cbvralvw 3396 . . . . . . . . 9 (∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑚𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑚 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5349, 52syl6ibr 255 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
54 ovex 7168 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 + 1) ∈ V
55 breq1 5033 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑎 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎))
56 eleq1 2877 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (𝑏𝑆 ↔ (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
5755, 56imbi12d 348 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → ((𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5857ralbidv 3162 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑏 = (𝑛 + 1) → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆)))
5954, 58ralsn 4579 . . . . . . . 8 (∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑎𝑌 ((𝑛 + 1) ∥ 𝑎 → (𝑛 + 1) ∈ 𝑆))
6053, 59syl6ibr 255 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6160ancld 554 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
62 elnnuz 12270 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1))
63 fzsuc 12949 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 ∈ (ℤ‘1) → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6462, 63sylbi 220 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (1...(𝑛 + 1)) = ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)}))
6564raleqdv 3364 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ ∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
66 ralunb 4118 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑏 ∈ ((1...𝑛) ∪ {(𝑛 + 1)})∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
6765, 66syl6bb 290 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ↔ (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) ∧ ∀𝑏 ∈ {(𝑛 + 1)}∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))))
6861, 67sylibrd 262 . . . . 5 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑛)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆) → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...(𝑛 + 1))∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆)))
696, 8, 10, 12, 31, 68nnind 11643 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝐵)∀𝑎𝑌 (𝑏𝑎𝑏𝑆))
70 elfz1end 12932 . . . . 5 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
7170biimpi 219 . . . 4 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → 𝐵 ∈ (1...𝐵))
724, 69, 71rspcdva 3573 . . 3 (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → ∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆))
73 breq2 5034 . . . . 5 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝐴))
7473imbi1d 345 . . . 4 (𝑎 = 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) ↔ (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7574rspcv 3566 . . 3 (𝐴𝑌 → (∀𝑎𝑌 (𝐵𝑎𝐵𝑆) → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
7672, 75syl5 34 . 2 (𝐴𝑌 → (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝑆)))
77763imp 1108 1 ((𝐴𝑌𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝑆)
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 399  w3a 1084   = wceq 1538  wcel 2111  {cab 2776  wral 3106  wrex 3107  cun 3879  {csn 4525   class class class wbr 5030  cmpt 5110  ran crn 5520  cfv 6324  (class class class)co 7135  cc 10524  1c1 10527   + caddc 10529  cmin 10859  cn 11625  2c2 11680  cz 11969  cuz 12231  ...cfz 12885  cexp 13425  abscabs 14585  cdvds 15599   gcd cgcd 15833  ℤ[i]cgz 16255
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2113  ax-9 2121  ax-10 2142  ax-11 2158  ax-12 2175  ax-ext 2770  ax-sep 5167  ax-nul 5174  ax-pow 5231  ax-pr 5295  ax-un 7441  ax-cnex 10582  ax-resscn 10583  ax-1cn 10584  ax-icn 10585  ax-addcl 10586  ax-addrcl 10587  ax-mulcl 10588  ax-mulrcl 10589  ax-mulcom 10590  ax-addass 10591  ax-mulass 10592  ax-distr 10593  ax-i2m1 10594  ax-1ne0 10595  ax-1rid 10596  ax-rnegex 10597  ax-rrecex 10598  ax-cnre 10599  ax-pre-lttri 10600  ax-pre-lttrn 10601  ax-pre-ltadd 10602  ax-pre-mulgt0 10603  ax-pre-sup 10604
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2598  df-eu 2629  df-clab 2777  df-cleq 2791  df-clel 2870  df-nfc 2938  df-ne 2988  df-nel 3092  df-ral 3111  df-rex 3112  df-reu 3113  df-rmo 3114  df-rab 3115  df-v 3443  df-sbc 3721  df-csb 3829  df-dif 3884  df-un 3886  df-in 3888  df-ss 3898  df-pss 3900  df-nul 4244  df-if 4426  df-pw 4499  df-sn 4526  df-pr 4528  df-tp 4530  df-op 4532  df-uni 4801  df-iun 4883  df-br 5031  df-opab 5093  df-mpt 5111  df-tr 5137  df-id 5425  df-eprel 5430  df-po 5438  df-so 5439  df-fr 5478  df-we 5480  df-xp 5525  df-rel 5526  df-cnv 5527  df-co 5528  df-dm 5529  df-rn 5530  df-res 5531  df-ima 5532  df-pred 6116  df-ord 6162  df-on 6163  df-lim 6164  df-suc 6165  df-iota 6283  df-fun 6326  df-fn 6327  df-f 6328  df-f1 6329  df-fo 6330  df-f1o 6331  df-fv 6332  df-riota 7093  df-ov 7138  df-oprab 7139  df-mpo 7140  df-om 7561  df-1st 7671  df-2nd 7672  df-wrecs 7930  df-recs 7991  df-rdg 8029  df-1o 8085  df-2o 8086  df-er 8272  df-en 8493  df-dom 8494  df-sdom 8495  df-fin 8496  df-sup 8890  df-inf 8891  df-pnf 10666  df-mnf 10667  df-xr 10668  df-ltxr 10669  df-le 10670  df-sub 10861  df-neg 10862  df-div 11287  df-nn 11626  df-2 11688  df-3 11689  df-n0 11886  df-z 11970  df-uz 12232  df-rp 12378  df-fz 12886  df-fl 13157  df-mod 13233  df-seq 13365  df-exp 13426  df-cj 14450  df-re 14451  df-im 14452  df-sqrt 14586  df-abs 14587  df-dvds 15600  df-gcd 15834  df-prm 16006  df-gz 16256
This theorem is referenced by:  2sqlem11  26013
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