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 Description: For sequences that correspond to valid integers, the adder sequence function produces the sequence for the sum. This is effectively a proof of the correctness of the ripple carry adder, implemented with logic gates corresponding to df-had 1595 and df-cad 1609. It is interesting to consider in what sense the sadd function can be said to be "adding" things outside the range of the bits function, that is, when adding sequences that are not eventually constant and so do not denote any integer. The correct interpretation is that the sequences are representations of 2-adic integers, which have a natural ring structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Sep-2016.)
Assertion
Ref Expression

Dummy variables 𝑘 𝑐 𝑚 𝑛 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 bitsss 15769 . . . . . 6 (bits‘𝐴) ⊆ ℕ0
2 bitsss 15769 . . . . . 6 (bits‘𝐵) ⊆ ℕ0
3 sadcl 15805 . . . . . 6 (((bits‘𝐴) ⊆ ℕ0 ∧ (bits‘𝐵) ⊆ ℕ0) → ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ⊆ ℕ0)
41, 2, 3mp2an 691 . . . . 5 ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ⊆ ℕ0
54sseli 3914 . . . 4 (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
65a1i 11 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0))
7 bitsss 15769 . . . . 5 (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ⊆ ℕ0
87sseli 3914 . . . 4 (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
98a1i 11 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0))
10 eqid 2801 . . . . . . . . 9 seq0((𝑐 ∈ 2o, 𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(cadd(𝑚 ∈ (bits‘𝐴), 𝑚 ∈ (bits‘𝐵), ∅ ∈ 𝑐), 1o, ∅)), (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 0, ∅, (𝑛 − 1)))) = seq0((𝑐 ∈ 2o, 𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(cadd(𝑚 ∈ (bits‘𝐴), 𝑚 ∈ (bits‘𝐵), ∅ ∈ 𝑐), 1o, ∅)), (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ if(𝑛 = 0, ∅, (𝑛 − 1))))
11 eqid 2801 . . . . . . . . 9 (bits ↾ ℕ0) = (bits ↾ ℕ0)
12 simpll 766 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐴 ∈ ℤ)
13 simplr 768 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐵 ∈ ℤ)
14 simpr 488 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0)
15 1nn0 11905 . . . . . . . . . . 11 1 ∈ ℕ0
1615a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 1 ∈ ℕ0)
1714, 16nn0addcld 11951 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0)
1810, 11, 12, 13, 17sadaddlem 15809 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) = (bits‘((𝐴 + 𝐵) mod (2↑(𝑘 + 1)))))
1912, 13zaddcld 12083 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℤ)
20 bitsmod 15779 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ0) → (bits‘((𝐴 + 𝐵) mod (2↑(𝑘 + 1)))) = ((bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))))
2119, 17, 20syl2anc 587 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (bits‘((𝐴 + 𝐵) mod (2↑(𝑘 + 1)))) = ((bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))))
2218, 21eqtrd 2836 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) = ((bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))))
2322eleq2d 2878 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 ∈ (((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) ↔ 𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))))
24 elin 3900 . . . . . 6 (𝑘 ∈ (((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) ↔ (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))))
25 elin 3900 . . . . . 6 (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∩ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) ↔ (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))))
2623, 24, 253bitr3g 316 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1))) ↔ (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))))
27 nn0uz 12272 . . . . . . . . 9 0 = (ℤ‘0)
2814, 27eleqtrdi 2903 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘0))
29 eluzfz2 12914 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘0) → 𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑘))
3028, 29syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ (0...𝑘))
3114nn0zd 12077 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
32 fzval3 13105 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ ℤ → (0...𝑘) = (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))
3331, 32syl 17 . . . . . . 7 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (0...𝑘) = (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))
3430, 33eleqtrd 2895 . . . . . 6 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))
3534biantrud 535 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ↔ (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))))
3634biantrud 535 . . . . 5 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ↔ (𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ (0..^(𝑘 + 1)))))
3726, 35, 363bitr4d 314 . . . 4 (((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ↔ 𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵))))
3837ex 416 . . 3 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑘 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ↔ 𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)))))
396, 9, 38pm5.21ndd 384 . 2 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑘 ∈ ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) ↔ 𝑘 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵))))
4039eqrdv 2799 1 ((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → ((bits‘𝐴) sadd (bits‘𝐵)) = (bits‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)))