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Theorem rusgrnumwlkg 27742
 Description: In a k-regular graph, the number of walks of a fixed length n from a fixed vertex is k to the power of n. This theorem corresponds to statement 11 in [Huneke] p. 2: "The total number of walks v(0) v(1) ... v(n-2) from a fixed vertex v = v(0) is k^(n-2) as G is k-regular." This theorem even holds for n=0: then the walk consists of only one vertex v(0), so the number of walks of length n=0 starting with v=v(0) is 1=k^0. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 7-May-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-Aug-2022.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
rusgrnumwwlkg.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
Assertion
Ref Expression
rusgrnumwlkg ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}) = (𝐾𝑁))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑤,𝐺   𝑤,𝐾   𝑤,𝑁   𝑤,𝑃   𝑤,𝑉

Proof of Theorem rusgrnumwlkg
Dummy variables 𝑓 𝑔 𝑝 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 ovex 7163 . . . 4 (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∈ V
21rabex 5208 . . 3 {𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃} ∈ V
3 rusgrusgr 27333 . . . . . 6 (𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝐺 ∈ USGraph)
4 usgruspgr 26950 . . . . . 6 (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USPGraph)
53, 4syl 17 . . . . 5 (𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝐺 ∈ USPGraph)
6 simp3 1135 . . . . 5 ((𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
7 wlksnwwlknvbij 27673 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
85, 6, 7syl2an 598 . . . 4 ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
9 f1oexbi 7608 . . . 4 (∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)} ↔ ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}–1-1-onto→{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃})
108, 9sylibr 237 . . 3 ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → ∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)})
11 hasheqf1oi 13696 . . 3 ({𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃} ∈ V → (∃𝑔 𝑔:{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)} → (♯‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)})))
122, 10, 11mpsyl 68 . 2 ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}))
13 rusgrnumwwlkg.v . . 3 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
1413rusgrnumwwlkg 27741 . 2 ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑝 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑝‘0) = 𝑃}) = (𝐾𝑁))
1512, 14eqtr3d 2858 1 ((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾 ∧ (𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑃𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑤)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑤)‘0) = 𝑃)}) = (𝐾𝑁))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 399   ∧ w3a 1084   = wceq 1538  ∃wex 1781   ∈ wcel 2115  {crab 3130  Vcvv 3471   class class class wbr 5039  –1-1-onto→wf1o 6327  ‘cfv 6328  (class class class)co 7130  1st c1st 7662  2nd c2nd 7663  Fincfn 8484  0cc0 10514  ℕ0cn0 11875  ↑cexp 13413  ♯chash 13674  Vtxcvtx 26768  USPGraphcuspgr 26920  USGraphcusgr 26921   RegUSGraph crusgr 27325  Walkscwlks 27365   WWalksN cwwlksn 27591 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1912  ax-6 1971  ax-7 2016  ax-8 2117  ax-9 2125  ax-10 2146  ax-11 2162  ax-12 2178  ax-ext 2793  ax-rep 5163  ax-sep 5176  ax-nul 5183  ax-pow 5239  ax-pr 5303  ax-un 7436  ax-inf2 9080  ax-cnex 10570  ax-resscn 10571  ax-1cn 10572  ax-icn 10573  ax-addcl 10574  ax-addrcl 10575  ax-mulcl 10576  ax-mulrcl 10577  ax-mulcom 10578  ax-addass 10579  ax-mulass 10580  ax-distr 10581  ax-i2m1 10582  ax-1ne0 10583  ax-1rid 10584  ax-rnegex 10585  ax-rrecex 10586  ax-cnre 10587  ax-pre-lttri 10588  ax-pre-lttrn 10589  ax-pre-ltadd 10590  ax-pre-mulgt0 10591  ax-pre-sup 10592 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-ifp 1059  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-fal 1551  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2071  df-mo 2623  df-eu 2654  df-clab 2800  df-cleq 2814  df-clel 2892  df-nfc 2960  df-ne 3008  df-nel 3112  df-ral 3131  df-rex 3132  df-reu 3133  df-rmo 3134  df-rab 3135  df-v 3473  df-sbc 3750  df-csb 3858  df-dif 3913  df-un 3915  df-in 3917  df-ss 3927  df-pss 3929  df-nul 4267  df-if 4441  df-pw 4514  df-sn 4541  df-pr 4543  df-tp 4545  df-op 4547  df-uni 4812  df-int 4850  df-iun 4894  df-disj 5005  df-br 5040  df-opab 5102  df-mpt 5120  df-tr 5146  df-id 5433  df-eprel 5438  df-po 5447  df-so 5448  df-fr 5487  df-se 5488  df-we 5489  df-xp 5534  df-rel 5535  df-cnv 5536  df-co 5537  df-dm 5538  df-rn 5539  df-res 5540  df-ima 5541  df-pred 6121  df-ord 6167  df-on 6168  df-lim 6169  df-suc 6170  df-iota 6287  df-fun 6330  df-fn 6331  df-f 6332  df-f1 6333  df-fo 6334  df-f1o 6335  df-fv 6336  df-isom 6337  df-riota 7088  df-ov 7133  df-oprab 7134  df-mpo 7135  df-om 7556  df-1st 7664  df-2nd 7665  df-wrecs 7922  df-recs 7983  df-rdg 8021  df-1o 8077  df-2o 8078  df-oadd 8081  df-er 8264  df-map 8383  df-pm 8384  df-en 8485  df-dom 8486  df-sdom 8487  df-fin 8488  df-sup 8882  df-oi 8950  df-dju 9306  df-card 9344  df-pnf 10654  df-mnf 10655  df-xr 10656  df-ltxr 10657  df-le 10658  df-sub 10849  df-neg 10850  df-div 11275  df-nn 11616  df-2 11678  df-3 11679  df-n0 11876  df-xnn0 11946  df-z 11960  df-uz 12222  df-rp 12368  df-xadd 12486  df-fz 12876  df-fzo 13017  df-seq 13353  df-exp 13414  df-hash 13675  df-word 13846  df-lsw 13894  df-concat 13902  df-s1 13929  df-substr 13982  df-pfx 14012  df-cj 14437  df-re 14438  df-im 14439  df-sqrt 14573  df-abs 14574  df-clim 14824  df-sum 15022  df-vtx 26770  df-iedg 26771  df-edg 26820  df-uhgr 26830  df-ushgr 26831  df-upgr 26854  df-umgr 26855  df-uspgr 26922  df-usgr 26923  df-fusgr 27086  df-nbgr 27102  df-vtxdg 27235  df-rgr 27326  df-rusgr 27327  df-wlks 27368  df-wwlks 27595  df-wwlksn 27596 This theorem is referenced by: (None)
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