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Theorem trireciplem 15220
Description: Lemma for trirecip 15221. Show that the sum converges. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 22-Apr-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-May-2014.)
Hypothesis
Ref Expression
trireciplem.1 𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 · (𝑛 + 1))))
Assertion
Ref Expression
trireciplem seq1( + , 𝐹) ⇝ 1

Proof of Theorem trireciplem
Dummy variables 𝑗 𝑘 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 nnuz 12284 . . . 4 ℕ = (ℤ‘1)
2 1zzd 12016 . . . 4 (⊤ → 1 ∈ ℤ)
3 1cnd 10639 . . . . 5 (⊤ → 1 ∈ ℂ)
4 nnex 11647 . . . . . . 7 ℕ ∈ V
54mptex 6989 . . . . . 6 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1))) ∈ V
65a1i 11 . . . . 5 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1))) ∈ V)
7 oveq1 7166 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (𝑛 + 1) = (𝑘 + 1))
87oveq2d 7175 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 = 𝑘 → (1 / (𝑛 + 1)) = (1 / (𝑘 + 1)))
9 eqid 2824 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1))) = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))
10 ovex 7192 . . . . . . 7 (1 / (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ V
118, 9, 10fvmpt 6771 . . . . . 6 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))‘𝑘) = (1 / (𝑘 + 1)))
1211adantl 484 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))‘𝑘) = (1 / (𝑘 + 1)))
131, 2, 3, 2, 6, 12divcnvshft 15213 . . . 4 (⊤ → (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1))) ⇝ 0)
14 seqex 13374 . . . . 5 seq1( + , 𝐹) ∈ V
1514a1i 11 . . . 4 (⊤ → seq1( + , 𝐹) ∈ V)
16 peano2nn 11653 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
1716adantl 484 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
1817nnrecred 11691 . . . . . 6 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℝ)
1918recnd 10672 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 / (𝑘 + 1)) ∈ ℂ)
2012, 19eqeltrd 2916 . . . 4 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))‘𝑘) ∈ ℂ)
2112oveq2d 7175 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (1 − ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))‘𝑘)) = (1 − (1 / (𝑘 + 1))))
22 elfznn 12939 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘) → 𝑗 ∈ ℕ)
2322adantl 484 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → 𝑗 ∈ ℕ)
2423nncnd 11657 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → 𝑗 ∈ ℂ)
25 peano2cn 10815 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑗 ∈ ℂ → (𝑗 + 1) ∈ ℂ)
2624, 25syl 17 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 + 1) ∈ ℂ)
27 peano2nn 11653 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ → (𝑗 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
2823, 27syl 17 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 + 1) ∈ ℕ)
2923, 28nnmulcld 11693 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)) ∈ ℕ)
3029nncnd 11657 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)) ∈ ℂ)
3129nnne0d 11690 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)) ≠ 0)
3226, 24, 30, 31divsubdird 11458 . . . . . . . 8 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (((𝑗 + 1) − 𝑗) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (((𝑗 + 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) − (𝑗 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)))))
33 ax-1cn 10598 . . . . . . . . . 10 1 ∈ ℂ
34 pncan2 10896 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑗 ∈ ℂ ∧ 1 ∈ ℂ) → ((𝑗 + 1) − 𝑗) = 1)
3524, 33, 34sylancl 588 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 + 1) − 𝑗) = 1)
3635oveq1d 7174 . . . . . . . 8 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (((𝑗 + 1) − 𝑗) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
3726mulid1d 10661 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 + 1) · 1) = (𝑗 + 1))
3826, 24mulcomd 10665 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 + 1) · 𝑗) = (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)))
3937, 38oveq12d 7177 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (((𝑗 + 1) · 1) / ((𝑗 + 1) · 𝑗)) = ((𝑗 + 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
40 1cnd 10639 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → 1 ∈ ℂ)
4123nnne0d 11690 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → 𝑗 ≠ 0)
4228nnne0d 11690 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 + 1) ≠ 0)
4340, 24, 26, 41, 42divcan5d 11445 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (((𝑗 + 1) · 1) / ((𝑗 + 1) · 𝑗)) = (1 / 𝑗))
4439, 43eqtr3d 2861 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 + 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 / 𝑗))
4524mulid1d 10661 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 · 1) = 𝑗)
4645oveq1d 7174 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 · 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (𝑗 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
4740, 26, 24, 42, 41divcan5d 11445 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → ((𝑗 · 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 / (𝑗 + 1)))
4846, 47eqtr3d 2861 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝑗 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 / (𝑗 + 1)))
4944, 48oveq12d 7177 . . . . . . . 8 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (((𝑗 + 1) / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) − (𝑗 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)))) = ((1 / 𝑗) − (1 / (𝑗 + 1))))
5032, 36, 493eqtr3d 2867 . . . . . . 7 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = ((1 / 𝑗) − (1 / (𝑗 + 1))))
5150sumeq2dv 15063 . . . . . 6 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)(1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = Σ𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)((1 / 𝑗) − (1 / (𝑗 + 1))))
52 oveq2 7167 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 = 𝑗 → (1 / 𝑛) = (1 / 𝑗))
53 oveq2 7167 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 = (𝑗 + 1) → (1 / 𝑛) = (1 / (𝑗 + 1)))
54 oveq2 7167 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 1 → (1 / 𝑛) = (1 / 1))
55 1div1e1 11333 . . . . . . . 8 (1 / 1) = 1
5654, 55syl6eq 2875 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 = 1 → (1 / 𝑛) = 1)
57 oveq2 7167 . . . . . . 7 (𝑛 = (𝑘 + 1) → (1 / 𝑛) = (1 / (𝑘 + 1)))
58 nnz 12007 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑘 ∈ ℕ → 𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
5958adantl 484 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℤ)
6017, 1eleqtrdi 2926 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑘 + 1) ∈ (ℤ‘1))
61 elfznn 12939 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 ∈ (1...(𝑘 + 1)) → 𝑛 ∈ ℕ)
6261adantl 484 . . . . . . . . 9 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...(𝑘 + 1))) → 𝑛 ∈ ℕ)
6362nnrecred 11691 . . . . . . . 8 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...(𝑘 + 1))) → (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℝ)
6463recnd 10672 . . . . . . 7 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...(𝑘 + 1))) → (1 / 𝑛) ∈ ℂ)
6552, 53, 56, 57, 59, 60, 64telfsum 15162 . . . . . 6 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)((1 / 𝑗) − (1 / (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 − (1 / (𝑘 + 1))))
6651, 65eqtrd 2859 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)(1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (1 − (1 / (𝑘 + 1))))
67 id 22 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 = 𝑗𝑛 = 𝑗)
68 oveq1 7166 . . . . . . . . . 10 (𝑛 = 𝑗 → (𝑛 + 1) = (𝑗 + 1))
6967, 68oveq12d 7177 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑛 = 𝑗 → (𝑛 · (𝑛 + 1)) = (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1)))
7069oveq2d 7175 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑛 = 𝑗 → (1 / (𝑛 · (𝑛 + 1))) = (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
71 trireciplem.1 . . . . . . . 8 𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 · (𝑛 + 1))))
72 ovex 7192 . . . . . . . 8 (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) ∈ V
7370, 71, 72fvmpt 6771 . . . . . . 7 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ → (𝐹𝑗) = (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
7423, 73syl 17 . . . . . 6 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (𝐹𝑗) = (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))))
75 simpr 487 . . . . . . 7 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ ℕ)
7675, 1eleqtrdi 2926 . . . . . 6 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘1))
7729nnrecred 11691 . . . . . . 7 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) ∈ ℝ)
7877recnd 10672 . . . . . 6 (((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) ∧ 𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)) → (1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) ∈ ℂ)
7974, 76, 78fsumser 15090 . . . . 5 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → Σ𝑗 ∈ (1...𝑘)(1 / (𝑗 · (𝑗 + 1))) = (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘𝑘))
8021, 66, 793eqtr2rd 2866 . . . 4 ((⊤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘𝑘) = (1 − ((𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (1 / (𝑛 + 1)))‘𝑘)))
811, 2, 13, 3, 15, 20, 80climsubc2 14998 . . 3 (⊤ → seq1( + , 𝐹) ⇝ (1 − 0))
8281mptru 1543 . 2 seq1( + , 𝐹) ⇝ (1 − 0)
83 1m0e1 11761 . 2 (1 − 0) = 1
8482, 83breqtri 5094 1 seq1( + , 𝐹) ⇝ 1
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wa 398   = wceq 1536  wtru 1537  wcel 2113  Vcvv 3497   class class class wbr 5069  cmpt 5149  cfv 6358  (class class class)co 7159  cc 10538  0cc0 10540  1c1 10541   + caddc 10543   · cmul 10545  cmin 10873   / cdiv 11300  cn 11641  cz 11984  cuz 12246  ...cfz 12895  seqcseq 13372  cli 14844  Σcsu 15045
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1795  ax-4 1809  ax-5 1910  ax-6 1969  ax-7 2014  ax-8 2115  ax-9 2123  ax-10 2144  ax-11 2160  ax-12 2176  ax-ext 2796  ax-rep 5193  ax-sep 5206  ax-nul 5213  ax-pow 5269  ax-pr 5333  ax-un 7464  ax-inf2 9107  ax-cnex 10596  ax-resscn 10597  ax-1cn 10598  ax-icn 10599  ax-addcl 10600  ax-addrcl 10601  ax-mulcl 10602  ax-mulrcl 10603  ax-mulcom 10604  ax-addass 10605  ax-mulass 10606  ax-distr 10607  ax-i2m1 10608  ax-1ne0 10609  ax-1rid 10610  ax-rnegex 10611  ax-rrecex 10612  ax-cnre 10613  ax-pre-lttri 10614  ax-pre-lttrn 10615  ax-pre-ltadd 10616  ax-pre-mulgt0 10617  ax-pre-sup 10618
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 209  df-an 399  df-or 844  df-3or 1084  df-3an 1085  df-tru 1539  df-fal 1549  df-ex 1780  df-nf 1784  df-sb 2069  df-mo 2621  df-eu 2653  df-clab 2803  df-cleq 2817  df-clel 2896  df-nfc 2966  df-ne 3020  df-nel 3127  df-ral 3146  df-rex 3147  df-reu 3148  df-rmo 3149  df-rab 3150  df-v 3499  df-sbc 3776  df-csb 3887  df-dif 3942  df-un 3944  df-in 3946  df-ss 3955  df-pss 3957  df-nul 4295  df-if 4471  df-pw 4544  df-sn 4571  df-pr 4573  df-tp 4575  df-op 4577  df-uni 4842  df-int 4880  df-iun 4924  df-br 5070  df-opab 5132  df-mpt 5150  df-tr 5176  df-id 5463  df-eprel 5468  df-po 5477  df-so 5478  df-fr 5517  df-se 5518  df-we 5519  df-xp 5564  df-rel 5565  df-cnv 5566  df-co 5567  df-dm 5568  df-rn 5569  df-res 5570  df-ima 5571  df-pred 6151  df-ord 6197  df-on 6198  df-lim 6199  df-suc 6200  df-iota 6317  df-fun 6360  df-fn 6361  df-f 6362  df-f1 6363  df-fo 6364  df-f1o 6365  df-fv 6366  df-isom 6367  df-riota 7117  df-ov 7162  df-oprab 7163  df-mpo 7164  df-om 7584  df-1st 7692  df-2nd 7693  df-wrecs 7950  df-recs 8011  df-rdg 8049  df-1o 8105  df-oadd 8109  df-er 8292  df-pm 8412  df-en 8513  df-dom 8514  df-sdom 8515  df-fin 8516  df-sup 8909  df-inf 8910  df-oi 8977  df-card 9371  df-pnf 10680  df-mnf 10681  df-xr 10682  df-ltxr 10683  df-le 10684  df-sub 10875  df-neg 10876  df-div 11301  df-nn 11642  df-2 11703  df-3 11704  df-n0 11901  df-z 11985  df-uz 12247  df-rp 12393  df-fz 12896  df-fzo 13037  df-fl 13165  df-seq 13373  df-exp 13433  df-hash 13694  df-shft 14429  df-cj 14461  df-re 14462  df-im 14463  df-sqrt 14597  df-abs 14598  df-clim 14848  df-rlim 14849  df-sum 15046
This theorem is referenced by:  trirecip  15221  stirlinglem12  42377
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