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Theorem mbfi1fseq 24323
Description: A characterization of measurability in terms of simple functions (this is an if and only if for nonnegative functions, although we don't prove it). Any nonnegative measurable function is the limit of an increasing sequence of nonnegative simple functions. This proof is an example of a poor de Bruijn factor - the formalized proof is much longer than an average hand proof, which usually just describes the function 𝐺 and "leaves the details as an exercise to the reader". (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Aug-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2014.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
mbfi1fseq.1 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)
mbfi1fseq.2 (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))
Assertion
Ref Expression
mbfi1fseq (𝜑 → ∃𝑔(𝑔:ℕ⟶dom ∫1 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (0𝑝r ≤ (𝑔𝑛) ∧ (𝑔𝑛) ∘r ≤ (𝑔‘(𝑛 + 1))) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((𝑔𝑛)‘𝑥)) ⇝ (𝐹𝑥)))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑔,𝑛,𝑥,𝐹   𝜑,𝑛,𝑥
Allowed substitution hint:   𝜑(𝑔)

Proof of Theorem mbfi1fseq
Dummy variables 𝑗 𝑘 𝑚 𝑦 𝑧 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 mbfi1fseq.1 . 2 (𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)
2 mbfi1fseq.2 . 2 (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))
3 oveq2 7148 . . . . . 6 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (2↑𝑗) = (2↑𝑘))
43oveq2d 7156 . . . . 5 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗)) = ((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑘)))
54fveq2d 6656 . . . 4 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) = (⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑘))))
65, 3oveq12d 7158 . . 3 (𝑗 = 𝑘 → ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)) = ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑘))) / (2↑𝑘)))
7 fveq2 6652 . . . . 5 (𝑧 = 𝑦 → (𝐹𝑧) = (𝐹𝑦))
87fvoveq1d 7162 . . . 4 (𝑧 = 𝑦 → (⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑘))) = (⌊‘((𝐹𝑦) · (2↑𝑘))))
98oveq1d 7155 . . 3 (𝑧 = 𝑦 → ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑘))) / (2↑𝑘)) = ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑦) · (2↑𝑘))) / (2↑𝑘)))
106, 9cbvmpov 7233 . 2 (𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗))) = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑦) · (2↑𝑘))) / (2↑𝑘)))
11 eleq1w 2896 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝑦 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚) ↔ 𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚)))
12 oveq2 7148 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) = (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥))
1312breq1d 5052 . . . . . . 7 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → ((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚 ↔ (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚))
1413, 12ifbieq1d 4462 . . . . . 6 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦), 𝑚) = if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚))
1511, 14ifbieq1d 4462 . . . . 5 (𝑦 = 𝑥 → if(𝑦 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦), 𝑚), 0) = if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚), 0))
1615cbvmptv 5145 . . . 4 (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑦 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦), 𝑚), 0)) = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚), 0))
17 negeq 10867 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → -𝑚 = -𝑘)
18 id 22 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑚 = 𝑘𝑚 = 𝑘)
1917, 18oveq12d 7158 . . . . . . 7 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (-𝑚[,]𝑚) = (-𝑘[,]𝑘))
2019eleq2d 2899 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚) ↔ 𝑥 ∈ (-𝑘[,]𝑘)))
21 oveq1 7147 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) = (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥))
2221, 18breq12d 5055 . . . . . . 7 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → ((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚 ↔ (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘))
2322, 21, 18ifbieq12d 4466 . . . . . 6 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚) = if((𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘, (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑘))
2420, 23ifbieq1d 4462 . . . . 5 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚), 0) = if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑘[,]𝑘), if((𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘, (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑘), 0))
2524mpteq2dv 5138 . . . 4 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑚), 0)) = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑘[,]𝑘), if((𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘, (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑘), 0)))
2616, 25syl5eq 2869 . . 3 (𝑚 = 𝑘 → (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑦 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦), 𝑚), 0)) = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑘[,]𝑘), if((𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘, (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑘), 0)))
2726cbvmptv 5145 . 2 (𝑚 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑦 ∈ (-𝑚[,]𝑚), if((𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦) ≤ 𝑚, (𝑚(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑦), 𝑚), 0))) = (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ↦ (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥 ∈ (-𝑘[,]𝑘), if((𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥) ≤ 𝑘, (𝑘(𝑗 ∈ ℕ, 𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((⌊‘((𝐹𝑧) · (2↑𝑗))) / (2↑𝑗)))𝑥), 𝑘), 0)))
281, 2, 10, 27mbfi1fseqlem6 24322 1 (𝜑 → ∃𝑔(𝑔:ℕ⟶dom ∫1 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (0𝑝r ≤ (𝑔𝑛) ∧ (𝑔𝑛) ∘r ≤ (𝑔‘(𝑛 + 1))) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ ((𝑔𝑛)‘𝑥)) ⇝ (𝐹𝑥)))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 399  w3a 1084  wex 1781  wcel 2114  wral 3130  ifcif 4439   class class class wbr 5042  cmpt 5122  dom cdm 5532  wf 6330  cfv 6334  (class class class)co 7140  cmpo 7142  r cofr 7393  cr 10525  0cc0 10526  1c1 10527   + caddc 10529   · cmul 10531  +∞cpnf 10661  cle 10665  -cneg 10860   / cdiv 11286  cn 11625  2c2 11680  [,)cico 12728  [,]cicc 12729  cfl 13155  cexp 13425  cli 14832  MblFncmbf 24216  1citg1 24217  0𝑝c0p 24271
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2116  ax-9 2124  ax-10 2145  ax-11 2161  ax-12 2178  ax-ext 2794  ax-rep 5166  ax-sep 5179  ax-nul 5186  ax-pow 5243  ax-pr 5307  ax-un 7446  ax-inf2 9092  ax-cnex 10582  ax-resscn 10583  ax-1cn 10584  ax-icn 10585  ax-addcl 10586  ax-addrcl 10587  ax-mulcl 10588  ax-mulrcl 10589  ax-mulcom 10590  ax-addass 10591  ax-mulass 10592  ax-distr 10593  ax-i2m1 10594  ax-1ne0 10595  ax-1rid 10596  ax-rnegex 10597  ax-rrecex 10598  ax-cnre 10599  ax-pre-lttri 10600  ax-pre-lttrn 10601  ax-pre-ltadd 10602  ax-pre-mulgt0 10603  ax-pre-sup 10604
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-fal 1551  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2622  df-eu 2653  df-clab 2801  df-cleq 2815  df-clel 2894  df-nfc 2962  df-ne 3012  df-nel 3116  df-ral 3135  df-rex 3136  df-reu 3137  df-rmo 3138  df-rab 3139  df-v 3471  df-sbc 3748  df-csb 3856  df-dif 3911  df-un 3913  df-in 3915  df-ss 3925  df-pss 3927  df-nul 4266  df-if 4440  df-pw 4513  df-sn 4540  df-pr 4542  df-tp 4544  df-op 4546  df-uni 4814  df-int 4852  df-iun 4896  df-br 5043  df-opab 5105  df-mpt 5123  df-tr 5149  df-id 5437  df-eprel 5442  df-po 5451  df-so 5452  df-fr 5491  df-se 5492  df-we 5493  df-xp 5538  df-rel 5539  df-cnv 5540  df-co 5541  df-dm 5542  df-rn 5543  df-res 5544  df-ima 5545  df-pred 6126  df-ord 6172  df-on 6173  df-lim 6174  df-suc 6175  df-iota 6293  df-fun 6336  df-fn 6337  df-f 6338  df-f1 6339  df-fo 6340  df-f1o 6341  df-fv 6342  df-isom 6343  df-riota 7098  df-ov 7143  df-oprab 7144  df-mpo 7145  df-of 7394  df-ofr 7395  df-om 7566  df-1st 7675  df-2nd 7676  df-wrecs 7934  df-recs 7995  df-rdg 8033  df-1o 8089  df-2o 8090  df-oadd 8093  df-er 8276  df-map 8395  df-pm 8396  df-en 8497  df-dom 8498  df-sdom 8499  df-fin 8500  df-fi 8863  df-sup 8894  df-inf 8895  df-oi 8962  df-dju 9318  df-card 9356  df-pnf 10666  df-mnf 10667  df-xr 10668  df-ltxr 10669  df-le 10670  df-sub 10861  df-neg 10862  df-div 11287  df-nn 11626  df-2 11688  df-3 11689  df-n0 11886  df-z 11970  df-uz 12232  df-q 12337  df-rp 12378  df-xneg 12495  df-xadd 12496  df-xmul 12497  df-ioo 12730  df-ico 12732  df-icc 12733  df-fz 12886  df-fzo 13029  df-fl 13157  df-seq 13365  df-exp 13426  df-hash 13687  df-cj 14449  df-re 14450  df-im 14451  df-sqrt 14585  df-abs 14586  df-clim 14836  df-rlim 14837  df-sum 15034  df-rest 16687  df-topgen 16708  df-psmet 20081  df-xmet 20082  df-met 20083  df-bl 20084  df-mopn 20085  df-top 21497  df-topon 21514  df-bases 21549  df-cmp 21990  df-ovol 24066  df-vol 24067  df-mbf 24221  df-itg1 24222  df-0p 24272
This theorem is referenced by:  mbfi1flimlem  24324  itg2add  24361
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