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Theorem numclwwlkqhash 28164
 Description: In a 𝐾-regular graph, the size of the set of walks of length 𝑁 starting with a fixed vertex 𝑋 and ending not at this vertex is the difference between 𝐾 to the power of 𝑁 and the size of the set of closed walks of length 𝑁 on vertex 𝑋. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 5-Mar-2022.) (Proof shortened by AV, 7-Jul-2022.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
numclwwlk.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
numclwwlk.q 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
Assertion
Ref Expression
numclwwlkqhash (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑛,𝐺,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑁,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑉,𝑣   𝑛,𝑋,𝑣,𝑤   𝑤,𝐾   𝑤,𝑉
Allowed substitution hints:   𝑄(𝑤,𝑣,𝑛)   𝐾(𝑣,𝑛)

Proof of Theorem numclwwlkqhash
Dummy variable 𝑓 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 numclwwlk.v . . . . 5 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
2 numclwwlk.q . . . . 5 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
31, 2numclwwlkovq 28163 . . . 4 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
43adantl 485 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
54fveq2d 6653 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}))
6 nnnn0 11896 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
7 eqid 2801 . . . . 5 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}
8 eqid 2801 . . . . 5 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)
97, 8, 1clwwlknclwwlkdifnum 27769 . . . 4 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))))
106, 9sylanr2 682 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))))
111iswwlksnon 27643 . . . . . . 7 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋)}
12 wwlknlsw 27637 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑤𝑁) = (lastS‘𝑤))
13 eqcom 2808 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋𝑋 = (𝑤‘0))
1413biimpi 219 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋𝑋 = (𝑤‘0))
1512, 14eqeqan12d 2818 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋) → ((𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋 ↔ (lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)))
1615pm5.32da 582 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋) ↔ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0))))
1716biancomd 467 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋) ↔ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)))
1817rabbiia 3422 . . . . . . 7 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}
1911, 18eqtri 2824 . . . . . 6 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}
2019fveq2i 6652 . . . . 5 (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})
2120a1i 11 . . . 4 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}))
2221oveq2d 7155 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})))
2310, 22eqtrd 2836 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})))
24 ovex 7172 . . . . 5 (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∈ V
2524rabex 5202 . . . 4 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V
26 clwwlkvbij 27902 . . . . 5 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))
2726adantl 485 . . . 4 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))
28 hasheqf1oi 13712 . . . 4 ({𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V → (∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
2925, 27, 28mpsyl 68 . . 3 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁)))
3029oveq2d 7155 . 2 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
315, 23, 303eqtrd 2840 1 (((𝐺 RegUSGraph 𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 399   = wceq 1538  ∃wex 1781   ∈ wcel 2112   ≠ wne 2990  {crab 3113  Vcvv 3444   class class class wbr 5033  –1-1-onto→wf1o 6327  ‘cfv 6328  (class class class)co 7139   ∈ cmpo 7141  Fincfn 8496  0cc0 10530   − cmin 10863  ℕcn 11629  ℕ0cn0 11889  ↑cexp 13429  ♯chash 13690  lastSclsw 13909  Vtxcvtx 26793   RegUSGraph crusgr 27350   WWalksN cwwlksn 27616   WWalksNOn cwwlksnon 27617  ClWWalksNOncclwwlknon 27876 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1797  ax-4 1811  ax-5 1911  ax-6 1970  ax-7 2015  ax-8 2114  ax-9 2122  ax-10 2143  ax-11 2159  ax-12 2176  ax-ext 2773  ax-rep 5157  ax-sep 5170  ax-nul 5177  ax-pow 5234  ax-pr 5298  ax-un 7445  ax-inf2 9092  ax-cnex 10586  ax-resscn 10587  ax-1cn 10588  ax-icn 10589  ax-addcl 10590  ax-addrcl 10591  ax-mulcl 10592  ax-mulrcl 10593  ax-mulcom 10594  ax-addass 10595  ax-mulass 10596  ax-distr 10597  ax-i2m1 10598  ax-1ne0 10599  ax-1rid 10600  ax-rnegex 10601  ax-rrecex 10602  ax-cnre 10603  ax-pre-lttri 10604  ax-pre-lttrn 10605  ax-pre-ltadd 10606  ax-pre-mulgt0 10607  ax-pre-sup 10608 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 210  df-an 400  df-or 845  df-3or 1085  df-3an 1086  df-tru 1541  df-fal 1551  df-ex 1782  df-nf 1786  df-sb 2070  df-mo 2601  df-eu 2632  df-clab 2780  df-cleq 2794  df-clel 2873  df-nfc 2941  df-ne 2991  df-nel 3095  df-ral 3114  df-rex 3115  df-reu 3116  df-rmo 3117  df-rab 3118  df-v 3446  df-sbc 3724  df-csb 3832  df-dif 3887  df-un 3889  df-in 3891  df-ss 3901  df-pss 3903  df-nul 4247  df-if 4429  df-pw 4502  df-sn 4529  df-pr 4531  df-tp 4533  df-op 4535  df-uni 4804  df-int 4842  df-iun 4886  df-disj 4999  df-br 5034  df-opab 5096  df-mpt 5114  df-tr 5140  df-id 5428  df-eprel 5433  df-po 5442  df-so 5443  df-fr 5482  df-se 5483  df-we 5484  df-xp 5529  df-rel 5530  df-cnv 5531  df-co 5532  df-dm 5533  df-rn 5534  df-res 5535  df-ima 5536  df-pred 6120  df-ord 6166  df-on 6167  df-lim 6168  df-suc 6169  df-iota 6287  df-fun 6330  df-fn 6331  df-f 6332  df-f1 6333  df-fo 6334  df-f1o 6335  df-fv 6336  df-isom 6337  df-riota 7097  df-ov 7142  df-oprab 7143  df-mpo 7144  df-om 7565  df-1st 7675  df-2nd 7676  df-wrecs 7934  df-recs 7995  df-rdg 8033  df-1o 8089  df-2o 8090  df-oadd 8093  df-er 8276  df-map 8395  df-pm 8396  df-en 8497  df-dom 8498  df-sdom 8499  df-fin 8500  df-sup 8894  df-oi 8962  df-dju 9318  df-card 9356  df-pnf 10670  df-mnf 10671  df-xr 10672  df-ltxr 10673  df-le 10674  df-sub 10865  df-neg 10866  df-div 11291  df-nn 11630  df-2 11692  df-3 11693  df-n0 11890  df-xnn0 11960  df-z 11974  df-uz 12236  df-rp 12382  df-xadd 12500  df-fz 12890  df-fzo 13033  df-seq 13369  df-exp 13430  df-hash 13691  df-word 13862  df-lsw 13910  df-concat 13918  df-s1 13945  df-substr 13998  df-pfx 14028  df-cj 14454  df-re 14455  df-im 14456  df-sqrt 14590  df-abs 14591  df-clim 14841  df-sum 15039  df-vtx 26795  df-iedg 26796  df-edg 26845  df-uhgr 26855  df-ushgr 26856  df-upgr 26879  df-umgr 26880  df-uspgr 26947  df-usgr 26948  df-fusgr 27111  df-nbgr 27127  df-vtxdg 27260  df-rgr 27351  df-rusgr 27352  df-wwlks 27620  df-wwlksn 27621  df-wwlksnon 27622  df-clwwlk 27771  df-clwwlkn 27814  df-clwwlknon 27877 This theorem is referenced by:  numclwwlk2  28170
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