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Theorem numclwwlkqhash 27803
 Description: In a 𝐾-regular graph, the size of the set of walks of length 𝑁 starting with a fixed vertex 𝑋 and ending not at this vertex is the difference between 𝐾 to the power of 𝑁 and the size of the set of closed walks of length 𝑁 on vertex 𝑋. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Sep-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 5-Mar-2022.) (Proof shortened by AV, 7-Jul-2022.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
numclwwlk.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
numclwwlk.q 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
Assertion
Ref Expression
numclwwlkqhash (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝑛,𝐺,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑁,𝑣,𝑤   𝑛,𝑉,𝑣   𝑛,𝑋,𝑣,𝑤   𝑤,𝐾   𝑤,𝑉
Allowed substitution hints:   𝑄(𝑤,𝑣,𝑛)   𝐾(𝑣,𝑛)

Proof of Theorem numclwwlkqhash
Dummy variable 𝑓 is distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 numclwwlk.v . . . . 5 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
2 numclwwlk.q . . . . 5 𝑄 = (𝑣𝑉, 𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑣 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑣)})
31, 2numclwwlkovq 27802 . . . 4 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
43adantl 475 . . 3 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (𝑋𝑄𝑁) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)})
54fveq2d 6450 . 2 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}))
6 nnnn0 11650 . . . 4 (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)
7 eqid 2778 . . . . 5 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}
8 eqid 2778 . . . . 5 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)
97, 8, 1clwwlknclwwlkdifnum 27360 . . . 4 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))))
106, 9sylanr2 673 . . 3 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))))
111iswwlksnon 27202 . . . . . . 7 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋)}
12 wwlknlsw 27196 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑤𝑁) = (lastS‘𝑤))
13 eqcom 2785 . . . . . . . . . . . 12 ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋𝑋 = (𝑤‘0))
1413biimpi 208 . . . . . . . . . . 11 ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋𝑋 = (𝑤‘0))
1512, 14eqeqan12d 2794 . . . . . . . . . 10 ((𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋) → ((𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋 ↔ (lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)))
1615pm5.32da 574 . . . . . . . . 9 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋) ↔ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0))))
17 ancom 454 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0)) ↔ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋))
1816, 17syl6bb 279 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋) ↔ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)))
1918rabbiia 3381 . . . . . . 7 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑋)} = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}
2011, 19eqtri 2802 . . . . . 6 (𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}
2120fveq2i 6449 . . . . 5 (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})
2221a1i 11 . . . 4 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋)) = (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}))
2322oveq2d 6938 . . 3 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑋))) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})))
2410, 23eqtrd 2814 . 2 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑋 ∧ (lastS‘𝑤) ≠ 𝑋)}) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})))
25 ovex 6954 . . . . 5 (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∈ V
2625rabex 5049 . . . 4 {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V
27 clwwlkvbij 27515 . . . . 5 ((𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))
2827adantl 475 . . . 4 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))
29 hasheqf1oi 13457 . . . 4 ({𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)} ∈ V → (∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
3026, 28, 29mpsyl 68 . . 3 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)}) = (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁)))
3130oveq2d 6938 . 2 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((lastS‘𝑤) = (𝑤‘0) ∧ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋)})) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
325, 24, 313eqtrd 2818 1 (((𝐺RegUSGraph𝐾𝑉 ∈ Fin) ∧ (𝑋𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ)) → (♯‘(𝑋𝑄𝑁)) = ((𝐾𝑁) − (♯‘(𝑋(ClWWalksNOn‘𝐺)𝑁))))
 Colors of variables: wff setvar class Syntax hints:   → wi 4   ∧ wa 386   = wceq 1601  ∃wex 1823   ∈ wcel 2107   ≠ wne 2969  {crab 3094  Vcvv 3398   class class class wbr 4886  –1-1-onto→wf1o 6134  ‘cfv 6135  (class class class)co 6922   ↦ cmpt2 6924  Fincfn 8241  0cc0 10272   − cmin 10606  ℕcn 11374  ℕ0cn0 11642  ↑cexp 13178  ♯chash 13435  lastSclsw 13652  Vtxcvtx 26344  RegUSGraphcrusgr 26904   WWalksN cwwlksn 27175   WWalksNOn cwwlksnon 27176  ClWWalksNOncclwwlknon 27489 This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1839  ax-4 1853  ax-5 1953  ax-6 2021  ax-7 2055  ax-8 2109  ax-9 2116  ax-10 2135  ax-11 2150  ax-12 2163  ax-13 2334  ax-ext 2754  ax-rep 5006  ax-sep 5017  ax-nul 5025  ax-pow 5077  ax-pr 5138  ax-un 7226  ax-inf2 8835  ax-cnex 10328  ax-resscn 10329  ax-1cn 10330  ax-icn 10331  ax-addcl 10332  ax-addrcl 10333  ax-mulcl 10334  ax-mulrcl 10335  ax-mulcom 10336  ax-addass 10337  ax-mulass 10338  ax-distr 10339  ax-i2m1 10340  ax-1ne0 10341  ax-1rid 10342  ax-rnegex 10343  ax-rrecex 10344  ax-cnre 10345  ax-pre-lttri 10346  ax-pre-lttrn 10347  ax-pre-ltadd 10348  ax-pre-mulgt0 10349  ax-pre-sup 10350 This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 199  df-an 387  df-or 837  df-3or 1072  df-3an 1073  df-tru 1605  df-fal 1615  df-ex 1824  df-nf 1828  df-sb 2012  df-mo 2551  df-eu 2587  df-clab 2764  df-cleq 2770  df-clel 2774  df-nfc 2921  df-ne 2970  df-nel 3076  df-ral 3095  df-rex 3096  df-reu 3097  df-rmo 3098  df-rab 3099  df-v 3400  df-sbc 3653  df-csb 3752  df-dif 3795  df-un 3797  df-in 3799  df-ss 3806  df-pss 3808  df-nul 4142  df-if 4308  df-pw 4381  df-sn 4399  df-pr 4401  df-tp 4403  df-op 4405  df-uni 4672  df-int 4711  df-iun 4755  df-disj 4855  df-br 4887  df-opab 4949  df-mpt 4966  df-tr 4988  df-id 5261  df-eprel 5266  df-po 5274  df-so 5275  df-fr 5314  df-se 5315  df-we 5316  df-xp 5361  df-rel 5362  df-cnv 5363  df-co 5364  df-dm 5365  df-rn 5366  df-res 5367  df-ima 5368  df-pred 5933  df-ord 5979  df-on 5980  df-lim 5981  df-suc 5982  df-iota 6099  df-fun 6137  df-fn 6138  df-f 6139  df-f1 6140  df-fo 6141  df-f1o 6142  df-fv 6143  df-isom 6144  df-riota 6883  df-ov 6925  df-oprab 6926  df-mpt2 6927  df-om 7344  df-1st 7445  df-2nd 7446  df-wrecs 7689  df-recs 7751  df-rdg 7789  df-1o 7843  df-2o 7844  df-oadd 7847  df-er 8026  df-map 8142  df-pm 8143  df-en 8242  df-dom 8243  df-sdom 8244  df-fin 8245  df-sup 8636  df-oi 8704  df-card 9098  df-cda 9325  df-pnf 10413  df-mnf 10414  df-xr 10415  df-ltxr 10416  df-le 10417  df-sub 10608  df-neg 10609  df-div 11033  df-nn 11375  df-2 11438  df-3 11439  df-n0 11643  df-xnn0 11715  df-z 11729  df-uz 11993  df-rp 12138  df-xadd 12258  df-fz 12644  df-fzo 12785  df-seq 13120  df-exp 13179  df-hash 13436  df-word 13600  df-lsw 13653  df-concat 13661  df-s1 13686  df-substr 13731  df-pfx 13780  df-cj 14246  df-re 14247  df-im 14248  df-sqrt 14382  df-abs 14383  df-clim 14627  df-sum 14825  df-vtx 26346  df-iedg 26347  df-edg 26396  df-uhgr 26406  df-ushgr 26407  df-upgr 26430  df-umgr 26431  df-uspgr 26499  df-usgr 26500  df-fusgr 26664  df-nbgr 26680  df-vtxdg 26814  df-rgr 26905  df-rusgr 26906  df-wwlks 27179  df-wwlksn 27180  df-wwlksnon 27181  df-clwwlk 27362  df-clwwlkn 27414  df-clwwlknon 27490 This theorem is referenced by:  numclwwlk2  27813
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