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Theorem fusgreghash2wspv 27506
Description: According to statement 7 in [Huneke] p. 2: "For each vertex v, there are exactly ( k 2 ) paths with length two having v in the middle, ..." in a finite k-regular graph. For directed simple paths of length 2 represented by length 3 strings, we have again k*(k-1) such paths, see also comment of frgrhash2wsp 27503. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 10-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 17-May-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
Hypotheses
Ref Expression
frgrhash2wsp.v 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
fusgreg2wsp.m 𝑀 = (𝑎𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (2 WSPathsN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘1) = 𝑎})
Assertion
Ref Expression
fusgreghash2wspv (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → ∀𝑣𝑉 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
Distinct variable groups:   𝐺,𝑎   𝑉,𝑎   𝑤,𝐺,𝑎,𝑣
Allowed substitution hints:   𝐾(𝑤,𝑣,𝑎)   𝑀(𝑤,𝑣,𝑎)   𝑉(𝑤,𝑣)

Proof of Theorem fusgreghash2wspv
Dummy variables 𝑐 𝑑 are mutually distinct and distinct from all other variables.
StepHypRef Expression
1 frgrhash2wsp.v . . . . . . 7 𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)
2 fusgreg2wsp.m . . . . . . 7 𝑀 = (𝑎𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (2 WSPathsN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘1) = 𝑎})
31, 2fusgr2wsp2nb 27505 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (𝑀𝑣) = 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
43fveq2d 6409 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (♯‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
54adantr 468 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (♯‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
61eleq2i 2876 . . . . . . 7 (𝑣𝑉𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))
7 nbfiusgrfi 26489 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
86, 7sylan2b 583 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
98adantr 468 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∈ Fin)
10 eqid 2805 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) = ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})
11 snfi 8274 . . . . . 6 {⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ∈ Fin
1211a1i 11 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})) → {⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ∈ Fin)
131nbgrssvtx 26448 . . . . . . . . . . 11 (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ⊆ 𝑉
1413a1i 11 . . . . . . . . . 10 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ⊆ 𝑉)
1514ssdifd 3942 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}))
16 iunss1 4720 . . . . . . . . 9 (((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}) → 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
1715, 16syl 17 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
1817ralrimiva 3153 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → ∀𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
19 simpr 473 . . . . . . . 8 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → 𝑣𝑉)
20 s3iunsndisj 13928 . . . . . . . 8 (𝑣𝑉Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2119, 20syl 17 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
22 disjss2 4811 . . . . . . 7 (∀𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} ⊆ 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} → (Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩} → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}))
2318, 21, 22sylc 65 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2423adantr 468 . . . . 5 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → Disj 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2519adantr 468 . . . . . . . 8 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → 𝑣𝑉)
2625anim1i 604 . . . . . . 7 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝑣𝑉𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)))
2726ancomd 451 . . . . . 6 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → (𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑣𝑉))
28 s3sndisj 13927 . . . . . 6 ((𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → Disj 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
2927, 28syl 17 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) → Disj 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩})
30 s3cli 13846 . . . . . 6 ⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩ ∈ Word V
31 hashsng 13373 . . . . . 6 (⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩ ∈ Word V → (♯‘{⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = 1)
3230, 31mp1i 13 . . . . 5 ((((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) ∧ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∧ 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐})) → (♯‘{⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = 1)
339, 10, 12, 24, 29, 32hash2iun1dif1 14774 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (♯‘ 𝑐 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) 𝑑 ∈ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣) ∖ {𝑐}){⟨“𝑐𝑣𝑑”⟩}) = ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)))
34 fusgrusgr 26426 . . . . . . 7 (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph)
351hashnbusgrvd 26648 . . . . . . 7 ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
3634, 35sylan 571 . . . . . 6 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
37 id 22 . . . . . . 7 ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣))
38 oveq1 6878 . . . . . . 7 ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1))
3937, 38oveq12d 6889 . . . . . 6 ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) = ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)))
4036, 39syl 17 . . . . 5 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)))
41 id 22 . . . . . 6 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾)
42 oveq1 6878 . . . . . 6 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1) = (𝐾 − 1))
4341, 42oveq12d 6889 . . . . 5 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) · (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) − 1)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
4440, 43sylan9eq 2859 . . . 4 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) · ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)) − 1)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
455, 33, 443eqtrd 2843 . . 3 (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) ∧ ((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾) → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1)))
4645ex 399 . 2 ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑣𝑉) → (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
4746ralrimiva 3153 1 (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → ∀𝑣𝑉 (((VtxDeg‘𝐺)‘𝑣) = 𝐾 → (♯‘(𝑀𝑣)) = (𝐾 · (𝐾 − 1))))
Colors of variables: wff setvar class
Syntax hints:  wi 4  wa 384  w3a 1100   = wceq 1637  wcel 2158  wral 3095  {crab 3099  Vcvv 3390  cdif 3763  wss 3766  {csn 4367   ciun 4708  Disj wdisj 4808  cmpt 4919  cfv 6098  (class class class)co 6871  Fincfn 8189  1c1 10219   · cmul 10223  cmin 10548  2c2 11352  chash 13333  Word cword 13498  ⟨“cs3 13807  Vtxcvtx 26084  USGraphcusgr 26255  FinUSGraphcfusgr 26420   NeighbVtx cnbgr 26436  VtxDegcvtxdg 26585   WSPathsN cwwspthsn 26945
This theorem was proved from axioms:  ax-mp 5  ax-1 6  ax-2 7  ax-3 8  ax-gen 1880  ax-4 1897  ax-5 2004  ax-6 2070  ax-7 2106  ax-8 2160  ax-9 2167  ax-10 2187  ax-11 2203  ax-12 2216  ax-13 2422  ax-ext 2784  ax-rep 4960  ax-sep 4971  ax-nul 4980  ax-pow 5032  ax-pr 5093  ax-un 7176  ax-inf2 8782  ax-ac2 9567  ax-cnex 10274  ax-resscn 10275  ax-1cn 10276  ax-icn 10277  ax-addcl 10278  ax-addrcl 10279  ax-mulcl 10280  ax-mulrcl 10281  ax-mulcom 10282  ax-addass 10283  ax-mulass 10284  ax-distr 10285  ax-i2m1 10286  ax-1ne0 10287  ax-1rid 10288  ax-rnegex 10289  ax-rrecex 10290  ax-cnre 10291  ax-pre-lttri 10292  ax-pre-lttrn 10293  ax-pre-ltadd 10294  ax-pre-mulgt0 10295  ax-pre-sup 10296
This theorem depends on definitions:  df-bi 198  df-an 385  df-or 866  df-ifp 1079  df-3or 1101  df-3an 1102  df-tru 1641  df-fal 1651  df-ex 1860  df-nf 1865  df-sb 2063  df-eu 2636  df-mo 2637  df-clab 2792  df-cleq 2798  df-clel 2801  df-nfc 2936  df-ne 2978  df-nel 3081  df-ral 3100  df-rex 3101  df-reu 3102  df-rmo 3103  df-rab 3104  df-v 3392  df-sbc 3631  df-csb 3726  df-dif 3769  df-un 3771  df-in 3773  df-ss 3780  df-pss 3782  df-nul 4114  df-if 4277  df-pw 4350  df-sn 4368  df-pr 4370  df-tp 4372  df-op 4374  df-uni 4627  df-int 4666  df-iun 4710  df-disj 4809  df-br 4841  df-opab 4903  df-mpt 4920  df-tr 4943  df-id 5216  df-eprel 5221  df-po 5229  df-so 5230  df-fr 5267  df-se 5268  df-we 5269  df-xp 5314  df-rel 5315  df-cnv 5316  df-co 5317  df-dm 5318  df-rn 5319  df-res 5320  df-ima 5321  df-pred 5890  df-ord 5936  df-on 5937  df-lim 5938  df-suc 5939  df-iota 6061  df-fun 6100  df-fn 6101  df-f 6102  df-f1 6103  df-fo 6104  df-f1o 6105  df-fv 6106  df-isom 6107  df-riota 6832  df-ov 6874  df-oprab 6875  df-mpt2 6876  df-om 7293  df-1st 7395  df-2nd 7396  df-wrecs 7639  df-recs 7701  df-rdg 7739  df-1o 7793  df-2o 7794  df-oadd 7797  df-er 7976  df-map 8091  df-pm 8092  df-en 8190  df-dom 8191  df-sdom 8192  df-fin 8193  df-sup 8584  df-oi 8651  df-card 9045  df-ac 9219  df-cda 9272  df-pnf 10358  df-mnf 10359  df-xr 10360  df-ltxr 10361  df-le 10362  df-sub 10550  df-neg 10551  df-div 10967  df-nn 11303  df-2 11360  df-3 11361  df-n0 11556  df-xnn0 11626  df-z 11640  df-uz 11901  df-rp 12043  df-xadd 12159  df-fz 12546  df-fzo 12686  df-seq 13021  df-exp 13080  df-hash 13334  df-word 13506  df-concat 13508  df-s1 13509  df-s2 13813  df-s3 13814  df-cj 14058  df-re 14059  df-im 14060  df-sqrt 14194  df-abs 14195  df-clim 14438  df-sum 14636  df-vtx 26086  df-iedg 26087  df-edg 26150  df-uhgr 26163  df-ushgr 26164  df-upgr 26187  df-umgr 26188  df-uspgr 26256  df-usgr 26257  df-fusgr 26421  df-nbgr 26437  df-vtxdg 26586  df-wlks 26719  df-wlkson 26720  df-trls 26813  df-trlson 26814  df-pths 26836  df-spths 26837  df-pthson 26838  df-spthson 26839  df-wwlks 26947  df-wwlksn 26948  df-wwlksnon 26949  df-wspthsn 26950  df-wspthsnon 26951
This theorem is referenced by:  fusgreghash2wsp  27509
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