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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 10001-10100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremfzossfzop1 10001 A half-open range of nonnegative integers is a subset of a half-open range of nonnegative integers with the upper bound increased by one. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (0..^𝑁) ⊆ (0..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremfzonn0p1p1 10002 If a nonnegative integer is element of a half-open range of nonnegative integers, increasing this integer by one results in an element of a half- open range of nonnegative integers with the upper bound increased by one. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.)
(𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → (𝐼 + 1) ∈ (0..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremelfzom1p1elfzo 10003 Increasing an element of a half-open range of nonnegative integers by 1 results in an element of the half-open range of nonnegative integers with an upper bound increased by 1. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝑋 + 1) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzo0ssnn0 10004 Half-open integer ranges starting with 0 are subsets of NN0. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Oct-2018.)
(0..^𝑁) ⊆ ℕ0
 
Theoremfzo01 10005 Expressing the singleton of 0 as a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
(0..^1) = {0}
 
Theoremfzo12sn 10006 A 1-based half-open integer interval up to, but not including, 2 is a singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Jan-2018.)
(1..^2) = {1}
 
Theoremfzo0to2pr 10007 A half-open integer range from 0 to 2 is an unordered pair. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Dec-2017.)
(0..^2) = {0, 1}
 
Theoremfzo0to3tp 10008 A half-open integer range from 0 to 3 is an unordered triple. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 9-Nov-2017.)
(0..^3) = {0, 1, 2}
 
Theoremfzo0to42pr 10009 A half-open integer range from 0 to 4 is a union of two unordered pairs. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Nov-2017.)
(0..^4) = ({0, 1} ∪ {2, 3})
 
Theoremfzo0sn0fzo1 10010 A half-open range of nonnegative integers is the union of the singleton set containing 0 and a half-open range of positive integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-May-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (0..^𝑁) = ({0} ∪ (1..^𝑁)))
 
Theoremfzoend 10011 The endpoint of a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) → (𝐵 − 1) ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵))
 
Theoremfzo0end 10012 The endpoint of a zero-based half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ ℕ → (𝐵 − 1) ∈ (0..^𝐵))
 
Theoremssfzo12 10013 Subset relationship for half-open integer ranges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Mar-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐾 < 𝐿) → ((𝐾..^𝐿) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝑀𝐾𝐿𝑁)))
 
Theoremssfzo12bi 10014 Subset relationship for half-open integer ranges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Nov-2018.)
(((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝐾 < 𝐿) → ((𝐾..^𝐿) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁) ↔ (𝑀𝐾𝐿𝑁)))
 
Theoremubmelm1fzo 10015 The result of subtracting 1 and an integer of a half-open range of nonnegative integers from the upper bound of this range is contained in this range. (Contributed by AV, 23-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → ((𝑁𝐾) − 1) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzofzp1 10016 If a point is in a half-open range, the next point is in the closed range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) → (𝐶 + 1) ∈ (𝐴...𝐵))
 
Theoremfzofzp1b 10017 If a point is in a half-open range, the next point is in the closed range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Sep-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) ↔ (𝐶 + 1) ∈ (𝐴...𝐵)))
 
Theoremelfzom1b 10018 An integer is a member of a 1-based finite set of sequential integers iff its predecessor is a member of the corresponding 0-based set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Sep-2015.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐾 ∈ (1..^𝑁) ↔ (𝐾 − 1) ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))))
 
Theoremelfzonelfzo 10019 If an element of a half-open integer range is not contained in the lower subrange, it must be in the upper subrange. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Mar-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → 𝐾 ∈ (𝑁..^𝑅)))
 
Theoremelfzomelpfzo 10020 An integer increased by another integer is an element of a half-open integer range if and only if the integer is contained in the half-open integer range with bounds decreased by the other integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Mar-2018.)
(((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐾 ∈ ((𝑀𝐿)..^(𝑁𝐿)) ↔ (𝐾 + 𝐿) ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)))
 
Theorempeano2fzor 10021 A Peano-postulate-like theorem for downward closure of a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Oct-2015.)
((𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ (𝐾 + 1) ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → 𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzosplitsn 10022 Extending a half-open range by a singleton on the end. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) = ((𝐴..^𝐵) ∪ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzosplitprm1 10023 Extending a half-open integer range by an unordered pair at the end. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Sep-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵) → (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) = ((𝐴..^(𝐵 − 1)) ∪ {(𝐵 − 1), 𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzosplitsni 10024 Membership in a half-open range extended by a singleton. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) ∨ 𝐶 = 𝐵)))
 
Theoremfzisfzounsn 10025 A finite interval of integers as union of a half-open integer range and a singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jun-2018.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐴...𝐵) = ((𝐴..^𝐵) ∪ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzostep1 10026 Two possibilities for a number one greater than a number in a half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) → ((𝐴 + 1) ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) ∨ (𝐴 + 1) = 𝐶))
 
Theoremfzoshftral 10027* Shift the scanning order inside of a quantification over a half-open integer range, analogous to fzshftral 9900. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Sep-2018.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℤ) → (∀𝑗 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ((𝑀 + 𝐾)..^(𝑁 + 𝐾))[(𝑘𝐾) / 𝑗]𝜑))
 
Theoremfzind2 10028* Induction on the integers from 𝑀 to 𝑁 inclusive. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. Version of fzind 9178 using integer range definitions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Feb-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐾 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜓)    &   (𝑦 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremexfzdc 10029* Decidability of the existence of an integer defined by a decidable proposition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → DECID 𝜓)       (𝜑DECID𝑛 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)𝜓)
 
Theoremfvinim0ffz 10030 The function values for the borders of a finite interval of integers, which is the domain of the function, are not in the image of the interior of the interval iff the intersection of the images of the interior and the borders is empty. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 5-Feb-2021.)
((𝐹:(0...𝐾)⟶𝑉𝐾 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐹 “ {0, 𝐾}) ∩ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾))) = ∅ ↔ ((𝐹‘0) ∉ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾)) ∧ (𝐹𝐾) ∉ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾)))))
 
Theoremsubfzo0 10031 The difference between two elements in a half-open range of nonnegative integers is greater than the negation of the upper bound and less than the upper bound of the range. (Contributed by AV, 20-Mar-2021.)
((𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → (-𝑁 < (𝐼𝐽) ∧ (𝐼𝐽) < 𝑁))
 
4.5.7  Rational numbers (cont.)
 
Theoremqtri3or 10032 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2021.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℚ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁𝑀 = 𝑁𝑁 < 𝑀))
 
Theoremqletric 10033 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremqlelttric 10034 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴))
 
Theoremqltnle 10035 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ ¬ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremqdceq 10036 Equality of rationals is decidable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → DECID 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemstep 10037* Lemma for exbtwnzlemex 10039. Induction step. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       ((𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + (𝐾 + 1)))) → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemshrink 10038* Lemma for exbtwnzlemex 10039. Shrinking the range around 𝐴. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       ((𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐽))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemex 10039* Existence of an integer so that a given real number is between the integer and its successor. The real number must satisfy the 𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛 hypothesis. For example either a rational number or a number which is irrational (in the sense of being apart from any rational number) will meet this condition.

The proof starts by finding two integers which are less than and greater than 𝐴. Then this range can be shrunk by choosing an integer in between the endpoints of the range and then deciding which half of the range to keep based on the 𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛 hypothesis, and iterating until the range consists of two consecutive integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)

(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremexbtwnz 10040* If a real number is between an integer and its successor, there is a unique greatest integer less than or equal to the real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremqbtwnz 10041* There is a unique greatest integer less than or equal to a rational number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2zlemstep 10042* Lemma for rebtwn2z 10044. Induction step. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)
((𝐾 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + (𝐾 + 1)))) → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2zlemshrink 10043* Lemma for rebtwn2z 10044. Shrinking the range around the given real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐽 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐽))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 2)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2z 10044* A real number can be bounded by integers above and below which are two apart.

The proof starts by finding two integers which are less than and greater than the given real number. Then this range can be shrunk by choosing an integer in between the endpoints of the range and then deciding which half of the range to keep based on weak linearity, and iterating until the range consists of integers which are two apart. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)

(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 2)))
 
Theoremqbtwnrelemcalc 10045 Lemma for qbtwnre 10046. Calculations involved in showing the constructed rational number is less than 𝐵. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Oct-2021.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 < (𝐴 · (2 · 𝑁)))    &   (𝜑 → (1 / 𝑁) < (𝐵𝐴))       (𝜑 → ((𝑀 + 2) / (2 · 𝑁)) < 𝐵)
 
Theoremqbtwnre 10046* The rational numbers are dense in : any two real numbers have a rational between them. Exercise 6 of [Apostol] p. 28. (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℚ (𝐴 < 𝑥𝑥 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremqbtwnxr 10047* The rational numbers are dense in *: any two extended real numbers have a rational between them. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐴 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℚ (𝐴 < 𝑥𝑥 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremqavgle 10048 The average of two rational numbers is less than or equal to at least one of them. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Nov-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 2) ≤ 𝐴 ∨ ((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 2) ≤ 𝐵))
 
Theoremioo0 10049 An empty open interval of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴(,)𝐵) = ∅ ↔ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremioom 10050* An open interval of extended reals is inhabited iff the lower argument is less than the upper argument. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Nov-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremico0 10051 An empty open interval of extended reals. (Contributed by FL, 30-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴[,)𝐵) = ∅ ↔ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremioc0 10052 An empty open interval of extended reals. (Contributed by FL, 30-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴(,]𝐵) = ∅ ↔ 𝐵𝐴))
 
4.6  Elementary integer functions
 
4.6.1  The floor and ceiling functions
 
Syntaxcfl 10053 Extend class notation with floor (greatest integer) function.
class
 
Syntaxcceil 10054 Extend class notation to include the ceiling function.
class
 
Definitiondf-fl 10055* Define the floor (greatest integer less than or equal to) function. See flval 10057 for its value, flqlelt 10061 for its basic property, and flqcl 10058 for its closure. For example, (⌊‘(3 / 2)) = 1 while (⌊‘-(3 / 2)) = -2 (ex-fl 12996).

Although we define this on real numbers so that notations are similar to the Metamath Proof Explorer, in the absence of excluded middle few theorems will be possible for all real numbers. Imagine a real number which is around 2.99995 or 3.00001 . In order to determine whether its floor is 2 or 3, it would be necessary to compute the number to arbitrary precision.

The term "floor" was coined by Ken Iverson. He also invented a mathematical notation for floor, consisting of an L-shaped left bracket and its reflection as a right bracket. In APL, the left-bracket alone is used, and we borrow this idea. (Thanks to Paul Chapman for this information.) (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.)

⌊ = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑦 ∈ ℤ (𝑦𝑥𝑥 < (𝑦 + 1))))
 
Definitiondf-ceil 10056 The ceiling (least integer greater than or equal to) function. Defined in ISO 80000-2:2009(E) operation 2-9.18 and the "NIST Digital Library of Mathematical Functions" , front introduction, "Common Notations and Definitions" section at http://dlmf.nist.gov/front/introduction#Sx4. See ceilqval 10091 for its value, ceilqge 10095 and ceilqm1lt 10097 for its basic properties, and ceilqcl 10093 for its closure. For example, (⌈‘(3 / 2)) = 2 while (⌈‘-(3 / 2)) = -1 (ex-ceil 12997).

As described in df-fl 10055 most theorems are only for rationals, not reals.

The symbol is inspired by the gamma shaped left bracket of the usual notation. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 19-May-2015.)

⌈ = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ -(⌊‘-𝑥))
 
Theoremflval 10057* Value of the floor (greatest integer) function. The floor of 𝐴 is the (unique) integer less than or equal to 𝐴 whose successor is strictly greater than 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (⌊‘𝐴) = (𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1))))
 
Theoremflqcl 10058 The floor (greatest integer) function yields an integer when applied to a rational (closure law). For a similar closure law for real numbers apart from any integer, see flapcl 10060. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (⌊‘𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremapbtwnz 10059* There is a unique greatest integer less than or equal to a real number which is apart from all integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-May-2022.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℤ 𝐴 # 𝑛) → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremflapcl 10060* The floor (greatest integer) function yields an integer when applied to a real number apart from any integer. For example, an irrational number (see for example sqrt2irrap 11869) would satisfy this condition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-May-2022.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℤ 𝐴 # 𝑛) → (⌊‘𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremflqlelt 10061 A basic property of the floor (greatest integer) function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ((⌊‘𝐴) ≤ 𝐴𝐴 < ((⌊‘𝐴) + 1)))
 
Theoremflqcld 10062 The floor (greatest integer) function is an integer (closure law). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℚ)       (𝜑 → (⌊‘𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremflqle 10063 A basic property of the floor (greatest integer) function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (⌊‘𝐴) ≤ 𝐴)
 
Theoremflqltp1 10064 A basic property of the floor (greatest integer) function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 𝐴 < ((⌊‘𝐴) + 1))
 
Theoremqfraclt1 10065 The fractional part of a rational number is less than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (𝐴 − (⌊‘𝐴)) < 1)
 
Theoremqfracge0 10066 The fractional part of a rational number is nonnegative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 0 ≤ (𝐴 − (⌊‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremflqge 10067 The floor function value is the greatest integer less than or equal to its argument. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≤ (⌊‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremflqlt 10068 The floor function value is less than the next integer. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (⌊‘𝐴) < 𝐵))
 
Theoremflid 10069 An integer is its own floor. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (⌊‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremflqidm 10070 The floor function is idempotent. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (⌊‘(⌊‘𝐴)) = (⌊‘𝐴))
 
Theoremflqidz 10071 A rational number equals its floor iff it is an integer. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ((⌊‘𝐴) = 𝐴𝐴 ∈ ℤ))
 
Theoremflqltnz 10072 If A is not an integer, then the floor of A is less than A. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ ¬ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ) → (⌊‘𝐴) < 𝐴)
 
Theoremflqwordi 10073 Ordering relationship for the greatest integer function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (⌊‘𝐴) ≤ (⌊‘𝐵))
 
Theoremflqword2 10074 Ordering relationship for the greatest integer function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (⌊‘𝐵) ∈ (ℤ‘(⌊‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremflqbi 10075 A condition equivalent to floor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → ((⌊‘𝐴) = 𝐵 ↔ (𝐵𝐴𝐴 < (𝐵 + 1))))
 
Theoremflqbi2 10076 A condition equivalent to floor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Oct-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ ℚ) → ((⌊‘(𝑁 + 𝐹)) = 𝑁 ↔ (0 ≤ 𝐹𝐹 < 1)))
 
Theoremadddivflid 10077 The floor of a sum of an integer and a fraction is equal to the integer iff the denominator of the fraction is less than the numerator. (Contributed by AV, 14-Jul-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ0𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐵 < 𝐶 ↔ (⌊‘(𝐴 + (𝐵 / 𝐶))) = 𝐴))
 
Theoremflqge0nn0 10078 The floor of a number greater than or equal to 0 is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (⌊‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremflqge1nn 10079 The floor of a number greater than or equal to 1 is a positive integer. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝐴) → (⌊‘𝐴) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremfldivnn0 10080 The floor function of a division of a nonnegative integer by a positive integer is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Apr-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℕ0𝐿 ∈ ℕ) → (⌊‘(𝐾 / 𝐿)) ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremdivfl0 10081 The floor of a fraction is 0 iff the denominator is less than the numerator. (Contributed by AV, 8-Jul-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (⌊‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = 0))
 
Theoremflqaddz 10082 An integer can be moved in and out of the floor of a sum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (⌊‘(𝐴 + 𝑁)) = ((⌊‘𝐴) + 𝑁))
 
Theoremflqzadd 10083 An integer can be moved in and out of the floor of a sum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℚ) → (⌊‘(𝑁 + 𝐴)) = (𝑁 + (⌊‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremflqmulnn0 10084 Move a nonnegative integer in and out of a floor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐴 ∈ ℚ) → (𝑁 · (⌊‘𝐴)) ≤ (⌊‘(𝑁 · 𝐴)))
 
Theorembtwnzge0 10085 A real bounded between an integer and its successor is nonnegative iff the integer is nonnegative. Second half of Lemma 13-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 217. (Contributed by NM, 12-Mar-2005.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑁𝐴𝐴 < (𝑁 + 1))) → (0 ≤ 𝐴 ↔ 0 ≤ 𝑁))
 
Theorem2tnp1ge0ge0 10086 Two times an integer plus one is not negative iff the integer is not negative. (Contributed by AV, 19-Jun-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0 ≤ ((2 · 𝑁) + 1) ↔ 0 ≤ 𝑁))
 
Theoremflhalf 10087 Ordering relation for the floor of half of an integer. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 7-Jun-2016.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → 𝑁 ≤ (2 · (⌊‘((𝑁 + 1) / 2))))
 
Theoremfldivnn0le 10088 The floor function of a division of a nonnegative integer by a positive integer is less than or equal to the division. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Apr-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℕ0𝐿 ∈ ℕ) → (⌊‘(𝐾 / 𝐿)) ≤ (𝐾 / 𝐿))
 
Theoremflltdivnn0lt 10089 The floor function of a division of a nonnegative integer by a positive integer is less than the division of a greater dividend by the same positive integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Apr-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐿 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐾 < 𝑁 → (⌊‘(𝐾 / 𝐿)) < (𝑁 / 𝐿)))
 
Theoremfldiv4p1lem1div2 10090 The floor of an integer equal to 3 or greater than 4, increased by 1, is less than or equal to the half of the integer minus 1. (Contributed by AV, 8-Jul-2021.)
((𝑁 = 3 ∨ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘5)) → ((⌊‘(𝑁 / 4)) + 1) ≤ ((𝑁 − 1) / 2))
 
Theoremceilqval 10091 The value of the ceiling function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (⌈‘𝐴) = -(⌊‘-𝐴))
 
Theoremceiqcl 10092 The ceiling function returns an integer (closure law). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → -(⌊‘-𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremceilqcl 10093 Closure of the ceiling function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (⌈‘𝐴) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremceiqge 10094 The ceiling of a real number is greater than or equal to that number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 𝐴 ≤ -(⌊‘-𝐴))
 
Theoremceilqge 10095 The ceiling of a real number is greater than or equal to that number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 𝐴 ≤ (⌈‘𝐴))
 
Theoremceiqm1l 10096 One less than the ceiling of a real number is strictly less than that number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → (-(⌊‘-𝐴) − 1) < 𝐴)
 
Theoremceilqm1lt 10097 One less than the ceiling of a real number is strictly less than that number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ((⌈‘𝐴) − 1) < 𝐴)
 
Theoremceiqle 10098 The ceiling of a real number is the smallest integer greater than or equal to it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → -(⌊‘-𝐴) ≤ 𝐵)
 
Theoremceilqle 10099 The ceiling of a real number is the smallest integer greater than or equal to it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (⌈‘𝐴) ≤ 𝐵)
 
Theoremceilid 10100 An integer is its own ceiling. (Contributed by AV, 30-Nov-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (⌈‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
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