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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9001-9100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremrexuz2 9001* Restricted existential quantification in an upper set of integers. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-2005.)
(∃𝑛 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)𝜑 ↔ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑀𝑛𝜑)))
 
Theorem2rexuz 9002* Double existential quantification in an upper set of integers. (Contributed by NM, 3-Nov-2005.)
(∃𝑚𝑛 ∈ (ℤ𝑚)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑛 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝑛𝜑))
 
Theorempeano2uz 9003 Second Peano postulate for an upper set of integers. (Contributed by NM, 7-Sep-2005.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theorempeano2uzs 9004 Second Peano postulate for an upper set of integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Dec-2013.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑁𝑍 → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ 𝑍)
 
Theorempeano2uzr 9005 Reversed second Peano axiom for upper integers. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-2006.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theoremuzaddcl 9006 Addition closure law for an upper set of integers. (Contributed by NM, 4-Jun-2006.)
((𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑁 + 𝐾) ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theoremnn0pzuz 9007 The sum of a nonnegative integer and an integer is an integer greater than or equal to that integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Oct-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑍 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁 + 𝑍) ∈ (ℤ𝑍))
 
Theoremuzind4 9008* Induction on the upper set of integers that starts at an integer 𝑀. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need, and the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 7-Sep-2005.)
(𝑗 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝜓)    &   (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremuzind4ALT 9009* Induction on the upper set of integers that starts at an integer 𝑀. The last four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the first two are the basis and the induction step. Either uzind4 9008 or uzind4ALT 9009 may be used; see comment for nnind 8373. (Contributed by NM, 7-Sep-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝜓)    &   (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremuzind4s 9010* Induction on the upper set of integers that starts at an integer 𝑀, using explicit substitution. The hypotheses are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2005.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → [𝑀 / 𝑘]𝜑)    &   (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝜑[(𝑘 + 1) / 𝑘]𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → [𝑁 / 𝑘]𝜑)
 
Theoremuzind4s2 9011* Induction on the upper set of integers that starts at an integer 𝑀, using explicit substitution. The hypotheses are the basis and the induction step. Use this instead of uzind4s 9010 when 𝑗 and 𝑘 must be distinct in [(𝑘 + 1) / 𝑗]𝜑. (Contributed by NM, 16-Nov-2005.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → [𝑀 / 𝑗]𝜑)    &   (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → ([𝑘 / 𝑗]𝜑[(𝑘 + 1) / 𝑗]𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → [𝑁 / 𝑗]𝜑)
 
Theoremuzind4i 9012* Induction on the upper integers that start at 𝑀. The first hypothesis specifies the lower bound, the next four give us the substitution instances we need, and the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2005.)
𝑀 ∈ ℤ    &   (𝑗 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   𝜓    &   (𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremindstr 9013* Strong Mathematical Induction for positive integers (inference schema). (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2001.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑦 ∈ ℕ (𝑦 < 𝑥𝜓) → 𝜑))       (𝑥 ∈ ℕ → 𝜑)
 
Theoreminfrenegsupex 9014* The infimum of a set of reals 𝐴 is the negative of the supremum of the negatives of its elements. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑧 < 𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)       (𝜑 → inf(𝐴, ℝ, < ) = -sup({𝑧 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑧𝐴}, ℝ, < ))
 
Theoremsupinfneg 9015* If a set of real numbers has a least upper bound, the set of the negation of those numbers has a greatest lower bound. For a theorem which is similar but only for the boundedness part, see ublbneg 9030. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑤𝐴} ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑤𝐴}𝑧 < 𝑦)))
 
Theoreminfsupneg 9016* If a set of real numbers has a greatest lower bound, the set of the negation of those numbers has a least upper bound. To go in the other direction see supinfneg 9015. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑧 < 𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑤𝐴} ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧 ∈ {𝑤 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑤𝐴}𝑦 < 𝑧)))
 
Theoremsupminfex 9017* A supremum is the negation of the infimum of that set's image under negation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ ℝ)       (𝜑 → sup(𝐴, ℝ, < ) = -inf({𝑤 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑤𝐴}, ℝ, < ))
 
Theoremeluznn0 9018 Membership in a nonnegative upper set of integers implies membership in 0. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝑁)) → 𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremeluznn 9019 Membership in a positive upper set of integers implies membership in . (Contributed by JJ, 1-Oct-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝑁)) → 𝑀 ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremeluz2b1 9020 Two ways to say "an integer greater than or equal to 2." (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 23-Nov-2012.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 1 < 𝑁))
 
Theoremeluz2gt1 9021 An integer greater than or equal to 2 is greater than 1. (Contributed by AV, 24-May-2020.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → 1 < 𝑁)
 
Theoremeluz2b2 9022 Two ways to say "an integer greater than or equal to 2." (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 23-Nov-2012.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 1 < 𝑁))
 
Theoremeluz2b3 9023 Two ways to say "an integer greater than or equal to 2." (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 23-Nov-2012.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ≠ 1))
 
Theoremuz2m1nn 9024 One less than an integer greater than or equal to 2 is a positive integer. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 17-Nov-2012.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (𝑁 − 1) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theorem1nuz2 9025 1 is not in (ℤ‘2). (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Nov-2012.)
¬ 1 ∈ (ℤ‘2)
 
Theoremelnn1uz2 9026 A positive integer is either 1 or greater than or equal to 2. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 17-Nov-2012.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ ↔ (𝑁 = 1 ∨ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2)))
 
Theoremuz2mulcl 9027 Closure of multiplication of integers greater than or equal to 2. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 26-Oct-2012.)
((𝑀 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2)) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) ∈ (ℤ‘2))
 
Theoremindstr2 9028* Strong Mathematical Induction for positive integers (inference schema). The first two hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Nov-2012.)
(𝑥 = 1 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜒    &   (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (∀𝑦 ∈ ℕ (𝑦 < 𝑥𝜓) → 𝜑))       (𝑥 ∈ ℕ → 𝜑)
 
Theoremeluzdc 9029 Membership of an integer in an upper set of integers is decidable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Apr-2020.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → DECID 𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))
 
Theoremublbneg 9030* The image under negation of a bounded-above set of reals is bounded below. For a theorem which is similar but also adds that the bounds need to be the tightest possible, see supinfneg 9015. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦𝑥 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑧𝐴}𝑥𝑦)
 
Theoremeqreznegel 9031* Two ways to express the image under negation of a set of integers. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℤ → {𝑧 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑧𝐴} = {𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∣ -𝑧𝐴})
 
Theoremnegm 9032* The image under negation of an inhabited set of reals is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Apr-2020.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐴) → ∃𝑦 𝑦 ∈ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ ∣ -𝑧𝐴})
 
Theoremlbzbi 9033* If a set of reals is bounded below, it is bounded below by an integer. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ → (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑥𝑦))
 
Theoremnn01to3 9034 A (nonnegative) integer between 1 and 3 must be 1, 2 or 3. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Sep-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 1 ≤ 𝑁𝑁 ≤ 3) → (𝑁 = 1 ∨ 𝑁 = 2 ∨ 𝑁 = 3))
 
Theoremnn0ge2m1nnALT 9035 Alternate proof of nn0ge2m1nn 8666: If a nonnegative integer is greater than or equal to two, the integer decreased by 1 is a positive integer. This version is proved using eluz2 8957, a theorem for upper sets of integers, which are defined later than the positive and nonnegative integers. This proof is, however, much shorter than the proof of nn0ge2m1nn 8666. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ 2 ≤ 𝑁) → (𝑁 − 1) ∈ ℕ)
 
3.4.12  Rational numbers (as a subset of complex numbers)
 
Syntaxcq 9036 Extend class notation to include the class of rationals.
class
 
Definitiondf-q 9037 Define the set of rational numbers. Based on definition of rationals in [Apostol] p. 22. See elq 9039 for the relation "is rational." (Contributed by NM, 8-Jan-2002.)
ℚ = ( / “ (ℤ × ℕ))
 
Theoremdivfnzn 9038 Division restricted to ℤ × ℕ is a function. Given excluded middle, it would be easy to prove this for ℂ × (ℂ ∖ {0}). The key difference is that an element of is apart from zero, whereas being an element of ℂ ∖ {0} implies being not equal to zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Mar-2020.)
( / ↾ (ℤ × ℕ)) Fn (ℤ × ℕ)
 
Theoremelq 9039* Membership in the set of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 8-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 28-Jan-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℕ 𝐴 = (𝑥 / 𝑦))
 
Theoremqmulz 9040* If 𝐴 is rational, then some integer multiple of it is an integer. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℕ (𝐴 · 𝑥) ∈ ℤ)
 
Theoremznq 9041 The ratio of an integer and a positive integer is a rational number. (Contributed by NM, 12-Jan-2002.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqre 9042 A rational number is a real number. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2002.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremzq 9043 An integer is a rational number. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jan-2002.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → 𝐴 ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremzssq 9044 The integers are a subset of the rationals. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jan-2002.)
ℤ ⊆ ℚ
 
Theoremnn0ssq 9045 The nonnegative integers are a subset of the rationals. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.)
0 ⊆ ℚ
 
Theoremnnssq 9046 The positive integers are a subset of the rationals. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.)
ℕ ⊆ ℚ
 
Theoremqssre 9047 The rationals are a subset of the reals. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jan-2002.)
ℚ ⊆ ℝ
 
Theoremqsscn 9048 The rationals are a subset of the complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
ℚ ⊆ ℂ
 
Theoremqex 9049 The set of rational numbers exists. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
ℚ ∈ V
 
Theoremnnq 9050 A positive integer is rational. (Contributed by NM, 17-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ → 𝐴 ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqcn 9051 A rational number is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → 𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremqaddcl 9052 Closure of addition of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqnegcl 9053 Closure law for the negative of a rational. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → -𝐴 ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqmulcl 9054 Closure of multiplication of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqsubcl 9055 Closure of subtraction of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqapne 9056 Apartness is equivalent to not equal for rationals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Mar-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 # 𝐵𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremqltlen 9057 Rational 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to'. Also see ltleap 8048 which is a similar result for real numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴)))
 
Theoremqlttri2 9058 Apartness is equivalent to not equal for rationals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Nov-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 < 𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴)))
 
Theoremqreccl 9059 Closure of reciprocal of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqdivcl 9060 Closure of division of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremqrevaddcl 9061 Reverse closure law for addition of rationals. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
(𝐵 ∈ ℚ → ((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℚ) ↔ 𝐴 ∈ ℚ))
 
Theoremnnrecq 9062 The reciprocal of a positive integer is rational. (Contributed by NM, 17-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℚ)
 
Theoremirradd 9063 The sum of an irrational number and a rational number is irrational. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℚ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℚ))
 
Theoremirrmul 9064 The product of a real which is not rational with a nonzero rational is not rational. Note that by "not rational" we mean the negation of "is rational" (whereas "irrational" is often defined to mean apart from any rational number - given excluded middle these two definitions would be equivalent). (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℚ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℚ))
 
3.4.13  Complex numbers as pairs of reals
 
Theoremcnref1o 9065* There is a natural one-to-one mapping from (ℝ × ℝ) to , where we map 𝑥, 𝑦 to (𝑥 + (i · 𝑦)). In our construction of the complex numbers, this is in fact our definition of (see df-c 7300), but in the axiomatic treatment we can only show that there is the expected mapping between these two sets. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Feb-2014.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑥 + (i · 𝑦)))       𝐹:(ℝ × ℝ)–1-1-onto→ℂ
 
3.5  Order sets
 
3.5.1  Positive reals (as a subset of complex numbers)
 
Syntaxcrp 9066 Extend class notation to include the class of positive reals.
class +
 
Definitiondf-rp 9067 Define the set of positive reals. Definition of positive numbers in [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
+ = {𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∣ 0 < 𝑥}
 
Theoremelrp 9068 Membership in the set of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴))
 
Theoremelrpii 9069 Membership in the set of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 23-Feb-2008.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   0 < 𝐴       𝐴 ∈ ℝ+
 
Theorem1rp 9070 1 is a positive real. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 23-Nov-2008.)
1 ∈ ℝ+
 
Theorem2rp 9071 2 is a positive real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
2 ∈ ℝ+
 
Theoremrpre 9072 A positive real is a real. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremrpxr 9073 A positive real is an extended real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)
 
Theoremrpcn 9074 A positive real is a complex number. (Contributed by NM, 11-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremnnrp 9075 A positive integer is a positive real. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpssre 9076 The positive reals are a subset of the reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Feb-2008.)
+ ⊆ ℝ
 
Theoremrpgt0 9077 A positive real is greater than zero. (Contributed by FL, 27-Dec-2007.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → 0 < 𝐴)
 
Theoremrpge0 9078 A positive real is greater than or equal to zero. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → 0 ≤ 𝐴)
 
Theoremrpregt0 9079 A positive real is a positive real number. (Contributed by NM, 11-Nov-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-Jan-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 < 𝐴))
 
Theoremrprege0 9080 A positive real is a nonnegative real number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Jan-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴))
 
Theoremrpne0 9081 A positive real is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 18-Jul-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 ≠ 0)
 
Theoremrpap0 9082 A positive real is apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2020.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐴 # 0)
 
Theoremrprene0 9083 A positive real is a nonzero real number. (Contributed by NM, 11-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0))
 
Theoremrpreap0 9084 A positive real is a real number apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2020.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 # 0))
 
Theoremrpcnne0 9085 A positive real is a nonzero complex number. (Contributed by NM, 11-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0))
 
Theoremrpcnap0 9086 A positive real is a complex number apart from zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2020.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 # 0))
 
Theoremralrp 9087 Quantification over positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 12-Feb-2008.)
(∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 < 𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremrexrp 9088 Quantification over positive reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-May-2014.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ+ 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ (0 < 𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremrpaddcl 9089 Closure law for addition of positive reals. Part of Axiom 7 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpmulcl 9090 Closure law for multiplication of positive reals. Part of Axiom 7 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpdivcl 9091 Closure law for division of positive reals. (Contributed by FL, 27-Dec-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpreccl 9092 Closure law for reciprocation of positive reals. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 23-Nov-2008.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrphalfcl 9093 Closure law for half of a positive real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Jan-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 / 2) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpgecl 9094 A number greater or equal to a positive real is positive real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ+𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrphalflt 9095 Half of a positive real is less than the original number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-May-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝐴 / 2) < 𝐴)
 
Theoremrerpdivcl 9096 Closure law for division of a real by a positive real. (Contributed by NM, 10-Nov-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremge0p1rp 9097 A nonnegative number plus one is a positive number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 5-Oct-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) → (𝐴 + 1) ∈ ℝ+)
 
Theoremrpnegap 9098 Either a real apart from zero or its negation is a positive real, but not both. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Mar-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 # 0) → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ+ ⊻ -𝐴 ∈ ℝ+))
 
Theorem0nrp 9099 Zero is not a positive real. Axiom 9 of [Apostol] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2007.)
¬ 0 ∈ ℝ+
 
Theoremltsubrp 9100 Subtracting a positive real from another number decreases it. (Contributed by FL, 27-Dec-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴𝐵) < 𝐴)
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