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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 9501-9600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremelfzofz 9501 A half-open range is contained in the corresponding closed range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) → 𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))
 
Theoremelfzo3 9502 Express membership in a half-open integer interval in terms of the "less than or equal" and "less than" predicates on integers, resp. 𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↔ 𝑀𝐾, 𝐾 ∈ (𝐾..^𝑁) ↔ 𝐾 < 𝑁. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) ↔ (𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (𝐾..^𝑁)))
 
Theoremfzom 9503* A half-open integer interval is inhabited iff it contains its left endpoint. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Apr-2020.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) ↔ 𝑀 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzossfz 9504 A half-open range is contained in the corresponding closed range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐴..^𝐵) ⊆ (𝐴...𝐵)
 
Theoremfzon 9505 A half-open set of sequential integers is empty if the bounds are equal or reversed. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Oct-2017.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑁𝑀 ↔ (𝑀..^𝑁) = ∅))
 
Theoremfzonlt0 9506 A half-open integer range is empty if the bounds are equal or reversed. (Contributed by AV, 20-Oct-2018.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (¬ 𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝑀..^𝑁) = ∅))
 
Theoremfzo0 9507 Half-open sets with equal endpoints are empty. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐴..^𝐴) = ∅
 
Theoremfzonnsub 9508 If 𝐾 < 𝑁 then 𝑁𝐾 is a positive integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 1-Jan-2017.)
(𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝑁𝐾) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremfzonnsub2 9509 If 𝑀 < 𝑁 then 𝑁𝑀 is a positive integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Jan-2017.)
(𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝑁𝑀) ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremfzoss1 9510 Subset relationship for half-open sequences of integers. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝐾..^𝑁) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzoss2 9511 Subset relationship for half-open sequences of integers. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾) → (𝑀..^𝐾) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzossrbm1 9512 Subset of a half open range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Nov-2017.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (0..^(𝑁 − 1)) ⊆ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzo0ss1 9513 Subset relationship for half-open integer ranges with lower bounds 0 and 1. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Mar-2018.)
(1..^𝑁) ⊆ (0..^𝑁)
 
Theoremfzossnn0 9514 A half-open integer range starting at a nonnegative integer is a subset of the nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-May-2018.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑀..^𝑁) ⊆ ℕ0)
 
Theoremfzospliti 9515 One direction of splitting a half-open integer range in half. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 14-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐷) ∨ 𝐴 ∈ (𝐷..^𝐶)))
 
Theoremfzosplit 9516 Split a half-open integer range in half. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝐷 ∈ (𝐵...𝐶) → (𝐵..^𝐶) = ((𝐵..^𝐷) ∪ (𝐷..^𝐶)))
 
Theoremfzodisj 9517 Abutting half-open integer ranges are disjoint. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 14-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴..^𝐵) ∩ (𝐵..^𝐶)) = ∅
 
Theoremfzouzsplit 9518 Split an upper integer set into a half-open integer range and another upper integer set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Sep-2016.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (ℤ𝐴) = ((𝐴..^𝐵) ∪ (ℤ𝐵)))
 
Theoremfzouzdisj 9519 A half-open integer range does not overlap the upper integer range starting at the endpoint of the first range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Sep-2016.)
((𝐴..^𝐵) ∩ (ℤ𝐵)) = ∅
 
Theoremlbfzo0 9520 An integer is strictly greater than zero iff it is a member of . (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(0 ∈ (0..^𝐴) ↔ 𝐴 ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremelfzo0 9521 Membership in a half-open integer range based at 0. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝐵) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremfzo1fzo0n0 9522 An integer between 1 and an upper bound of a half-open integer range is not 0 and between 0 and the upper bound of the half-open integer range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Mar-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ (1..^𝑁) ↔ (𝐾 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ 𝐾 ≠ 0))
 
Theoremelfzo0z 9523 Membership in a half-open range of nonnegative integers, generalization of elfzo0 9521 requiring the upper bound to be an integer only. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Sep-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝐵) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremelfzo0le 9524 A member in a half-open range of nonnegative integers is less than or equal to the upper bound of the range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Sep-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝐵) → 𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremelfzonn0 9525 A member of a half-open range of nonnegative integers is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-May-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → 𝐾 ∈ ℕ0)
 
Theoremfzonmapblen 9526 The result of subtracting a nonnegative integer from a positive integer and adding another nonnegative integer which is less than the first one is less then the positive integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-May-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ 𝐵 < 𝐴) → (𝐵 + (𝑁𝐴)) < 𝑁)
 
Theoremfzofzim 9527 If a nonnegative integer in a finite interval of integers is not the upper bound of the interval, it is contained in the corresponding half-open integer range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jun-2018.)
((𝐾𝑀𝐾 ∈ (0...𝑀)) → 𝐾 ∈ (0..^𝑀))
 
Theoremfzossnn 9528 Half-open integer ranges starting with 1 are subsets of NN. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Dec-2016.)
(1..^𝑁) ⊆ ℕ
 
Theoremelfzo1 9529 Membership in a half-open integer range based at 1. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Feb-2017.)
(𝑁 ∈ (1..^𝑀) ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 < 𝑀))
 
Theoremfzo0m 9530* A half-open integer range based at 0 is inhabited precisely if the upper bound is a positive integer. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Apr-2020.)
(∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (0..^𝐴) ↔ 𝐴 ∈ ℕ)
 
Theoremfzoaddel 9531 Translate membership in a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 + 𝐷) ∈ ((𝐵 + 𝐷)..^(𝐶 + 𝐷)))
 
Theoremfzoaddel2 9532 Translate membership in a shifted-down half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (0..^(𝐵𝐶)) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 + 𝐶) ∈ (𝐶..^𝐵))
 
Theoremfzosubel 9533 Translate membership in a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐷) ∈ ((𝐵𝐷)..^(𝐶𝐷)))
 
Theoremfzosubel2 9534 Membership in a translated half-open integer range implies translated membership in the original range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ((𝐵 + 𝐶)..^(𝐵 + 𝐷)) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (𝐶..^𝐷))
 
Theoremfzosubel3 9535 Membership in a translated half-open integer range when the original range is zero-based. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^(𝐵 + 𝐷)) ∧ 𝐷 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (0..^𝐷))
 
Theoremeluzgtdifelfzo 9536 Membership of the difference of integers in a half-open range of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Sep-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) ∧ 𝐵 < 𝐴) → (𝑁𝐴) ∈ (0..^(𝑁𝐵))))
 
Theoremige2m2fzo 9537 Membership of an integer greater than 1 decreased by 2 in a half-open range of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Oct-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘2) → (𝑁 − 2) ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1)))
 
Theoremfzocatel 9538 Translate membership in a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 28-Sep-2018.)
(((𝐴 ∈ (0..^(𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∧ ¬ 𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝐵)) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (0..^𝐶))
 
Theoremubmelfzo 9539 If an integer in a 1 based finite set of sequential integers is subtracted from the upper bound of this finite set of sequential integers, the result is contained in a half-open range of nonnegative integers with the same upper bound. (Contributed by AV, 18-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ (1...𝑁) → (𝑁𝐾) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremelfzodifsumelfzo 9540 If an integer is in a half-open range of nonnegative integers with a difference as upper bound, the sum of the integer with the subtrahend of the difference is in the a half-open range of nonnegative integers containing the minuend of the difference. (Contributed by AV, 13-Nov-2018.)
((𝑀 ∈ (0...𝑁) ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (0...𝑃)) → (𝐼 ∈ (0..^(𝑁𝑀)) → (𝐼 + 𝑀) ∈ (0..^𝑃)))
 
Theoremelfzom1elp1fzo 9541 Membership of an integer incremented by one in a half-open range of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 24-Jun-2018.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-Jan-2020.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐼 + 1) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremelfzom1elfzo 9542 Membership in a half-open range of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Jun-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))) → 𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzval3 9543 Expressing a closed integer range as a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑀...𝑁) = (𝑀..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremfzosn 9544 Expressing a singleton as a half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℤ → (𝐴..^(𝐴 + 1)) = {𝐴})
 
Theoremelfzomin 9545 Membership of an integer in the smallest open range of integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Sep-2018.)
(𝑍 ∈ ℤ → 𝑍 ∈ (𝑍..^(𝑍 + 1)))
 
Theoremzpnn0elfzo 9546 Membership of an integer increased by a nonnegative integer in a half- open integer range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Sep-2018.)
((𝑍 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑍 + 𝑁) ∈ (𝑍..^((𝑍 + 𝑁) + 1)))
 
Theoremzpnn0elfzo1 9547 Membership of an integer increased by a nonnegative integer in a half- open integer range. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Sep-2018.)
((𝑍 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑍 + 𝑁) ∈ (𝑍..^(𝑍 + (𝑁 + 1))))
 
Theoremfzosplitsnm1 9548 Removing a singleton from a half-open integer range at the end. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Mar-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝐴 + 1))) → (𝐴..^𝐵) = ((𝐴..^(𝐵 − 1)) ∪ {(𝐵 − 1)}))
 
Theoremelfzonlteqm1 9549 If an element of a half-open integer range is not less than the upper bound of the range decreased by 1, it must be equal to the upper bound of the range decreased by 1. (Contributed by AV, 3-Nov-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (0..^𝐵) ∧ ¬ 𝐴 < (𝐵 − 1)) → 𝐴 = (𝐵 − 1))
 
Theoremfzonn0p1 9550 A nonnegative integer is element of the half-open range of nonnegative integers with the element increased by one as an upper bound. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremfzossfzop1 9551 A half-open range of nonnegative integers is a subset of a half-open range of nonnegative integers with the upper bound increased by one. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (0..^𝑁) ⊆ (0..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremfzonn0p1p1 9552 If a nonnegative integer is element of a half-open range of nonnegative integers, increasing this integer by one results in an element of a half- open range of nonnegative integers with the upper bound increased by one. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.)
(𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → (𝐼 + 1) ∈ (0..^(𝑁 + 1)))
 
Theoremelfzom1p1elfzo 9553 Increasing an element of a half-open range of nonnegative integers by 1 results in an element of the half-open range of nonnegative integers with an upper bound increased by 1. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝑋 + 1) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzo0ssnn0 9554 Half-open integer ranges starting with 0 are subsets of NN0. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Oct-2018.)
(0..^𝑁) ⊆ ℕ0
 
Theoremfzo01 9555 Expressing the singleton of 0 as a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 15-Aug-2015.)
(0..^1) = {0}
 
Theoremfzo12sn 9556 A 1-based half-open integer interval up to, but not including, 2 is a singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Jan-2018.)
(1..^2) = {1}
 
Theoremfzo0to2pr 9557 A half-open integer range from 0 to 2 is an unordered pair. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Dec-2017.)
(0..^2) = {0, 1}
 
Theoremfzo0to3tp 9558 A half-open integer range from 0 to 3 is an unordered triple. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 9-Nov-2017.)
(0..^3) = {0, 1, 2}
 
Theoremfzo0to42pr 9559 A half-open integer range from 0 to 4 is a union of two unordered pairs. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Nov-2017.)
(0..^4) = ({0, 1} ∪ {2, 3})
 
Theoremfzo0sn0fzo1 9560 A half-open range of nonnegative integers is the union of the singleton set containing 0 and a half-open range of positive integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-May-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → (0..^𝑁) = ({0} ∪ (1..^𝑁)))
 
Theoremfzoend 9561 The endpoint of a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) → (𝐵 − 1) ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵))
 
Theoremfzo0end 9562 The endpoint of a zero-based half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Aug-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-Sep-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ ℕ → (𝐵 − 1) ∈ (0..^𝐵))
 
Theoremssfzo12 9563 Subset relationship for half-open integer ranges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Mar-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐾 < 𝐿) → ((𝐾..^𝐿) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝑀𝐾𝐿𝑁)))
 
Theoremssfzo12bi 9564 Subset relationship for half-open integer ranges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Nov-2018.)
(((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ 𝐾 < 𝐿) → ((𝐾..^𝐿) ⊆ (𝑀..^𝑁) ↔ (𝑀𝐾𝐿𝑁)))
 
Theoremubmelm1fzo 9565 The result of subtracting 1 and an integer of a half-open range of nonnegative integers from the upper bound of this range is contained in this range. (Contributed by AV, 23-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2018.)
(𝐾 ∈ (0..^𝑁) → ((𝑁𝐾) − 1) ∈ (0..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzofzp1 9566 If a point is in a half-open range, the next point is in the closed range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) → (𝐶 + 1) ∈ (𝐴...𝐵))
 
Theoremfzofzp1b 9567 If a point is in a half-open range, the next point is in the closed range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Sep-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) ↔ (𝐶 + 1) ∈ (𝐴...𝐵)))
 
Theoremelfzom1b 9568 An integer is a member of a 1-based finite set of sequential integers iff its predecessor is a member of the corresponding 0-based set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Sep-2015.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐾 ∈ (1..^𝑁) ↔ (𝐾 − 1) ∈ (0..^(𝑁 − 1))))
 
Theoremelfzonelfzo 9569 If an element of a half-open integer range is not contained in the lower subrange, it must be in the upper subrange. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Mar-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → 𝐾 ∈ (𝑁..^𝑅)))
 
Theoremelfzomelpfzo 9570 An integer increased by another integer is an element of a half-open integer range if and only if the integer is contained in the half-open integer range with bounds decreased by the other integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Mar-2018.)
(((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ)) → (𝐾 ∈ ((𝑀𝐿)..^(𝑁𝐿)) ↔ (𝐾 + 𝐿) ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)))
 
Theorempeano2fzor 9571 A Peano-postulate-like theorem for downward closure of a half-open integer range. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Oct-2015.)
((𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ (𝐾 + 1) ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → 𝐾 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁))
 
Theoremfzosplitsn 9572 Extending a half-open range by a singleton on the end. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) = ((𝐴..^𝐵) ∪ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzosplitprm1 9573 Extending a half-open integer range by an unordered pair at the end. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Sep-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵) → (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) = ((𝐴..^(𝐵 − 1)) ∪ {(𝐵 − 1), 𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzosplitsni 9574 Membership in a half-open range extended by a singleton. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^(𝐵 + 1)) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴..^𝐵) ∨ 𝐶 = 𝐵)))
 
Theoremfzisfzounsn 9575 A finite interval of integers as union of a half-open integer range and a singleton. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jun-2018.)
(𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐴) → (𝐴...𝐵) = ((𝐴..^𝐵) ∪ {𝐵}))
 
Theoremfzostep1 9576 Two possibilities for a number one greater than a number in a half-open range. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 23-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) → ((𝐴 + 1) ∈ (𝐵..^𝐶) ∨ (𝐴 + 1) = 𝐶))
 
Theoremfzoshftral 9577* Shift the scanning order inside of a quantification over a half-open integer range, analogous to fzshftral 9452. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Sep-2018.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℤ) → (∀𝑗 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑘 ∈ ((𝑀 + 𝐾)..^(𝑁 + 𝐾))[(𝑘𝐾) / 𝑗]𝜑))
 
Theoremfzind2 9578* Induction on the integers from 𝑀 to 𝑁 inclusive. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. Version of fzind 8794 using integer range definitions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Feb-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐾 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜓)    &   (𝑦 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁) → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremexfzdc 9579* Decidability of the existence of an integer defined by a decidable proposition. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Jan-2022.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → DECID 𝜓)       (𝜑DECID𝑛 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)𝜓)
 
Theoremfvinim0ffz 9580 The function values for the borders of a finite interval of integers, which is the domain of the function, are not in the image of the interior of the interval iff the intersection of the images of the interior and the borders is empty. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 5-Feb-2021.)
((𝐹:(0...𝐾)⟶𝑉𝐾 ∈ ℕ0) → (((𝐹 “ {0, 𝐾}) ∩ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾))) = ∅ ↔ ((𝐹‘0) ∉ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾)) ∧ (𝐹𝐾) ∉ (𝐹 “ (1..^𝐾)))))
 
Theoremsubfzo0 9581 The difference between two elements in a half-open range of nonnegative integers is greater than the negation of the upper bound and less than the upper bound of the range. (Contributed by AV, 20-Mar-2021.)
((𝐼 ∈ (0..^𝑁) ∧ 𝐽 ∈ (0..^𝑁)) → (-𝑁 < (𝐼𝐽) ∧ (𝐼𝐽) < 𝑁))
 
3.5.7  Rational numbers (cont.)
 
Theoremqtri3or 9582 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2021.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℚ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁𝑀 = 𝑁𝑁 < 𝑀))
 
Theoremqletric 9583 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremqlelttric 9584 Rational trichotomy. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴𝐵𝐵 < 𝐴))
 
Theoremqltnle 9585 'Less than' expressed in terms of 'less than or equal to'. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ ¬ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremqdceq 9586 Equality of rationals is decidable. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → DECID 𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemstep 9587* Lemma for exbtwnzlemex 9589. Induction step. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       ((𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + (𝐾 + 1)))) → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemshrink 9588* Lemma for exbtwnzlemex 9589. Shrinking the range around 𝐴. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       ((𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐽))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremexbtwnzlemex 9589* Existence of an integer so that a given real number is between the integer and its successor. The real number must satisfy the 𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛 hypothesis. For example either a rational number or a number which is irrational (in the sense of being apart from any rational number) will meet this condition.

The proof starts by finding two integers which are less than and greater than 𝐴. Then this range can be shrunk by choosing an integer in between the endpoints of the range and then deciding which half of the range to keep based on the 𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛 hypothesis, and iterating until the range consists of two consecutive integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)

(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑛𝐴𝐴 < 𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremexbtwnz 9590* If a real number is between an integer and its successor, there is a unique greatest integer less than or equal to the real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-May-2022.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremqbtwnz 9591* There is a unique greatest integer less than or equal to a rational number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Oct-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℚ → ∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 1)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2zlemstep 9592* Lemma for rebtwn2z 9594. Induction step. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)
((𝐾 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + (𝐾 + 1)))) → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐾)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2zlemshrink 9593* Lemma for rebtwn2z 9594. Shrinking the range around the given real number. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐽 ∈ (ℤ‘2) ∧ ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝑚 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑚 + 𝐽))) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 2)))
 
Theoremrebtwn2z 9594* A real number can be bounded by integers above and below which are two apart.

The proof starts by finding two integers which are less than and greater than the given real number. Then this range can be shrunk by choosing an integer in between the endpoints of the range and then deciding which half of the range to keep based on weak linearity, and iterating until the range consists of integers which are two apart. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Oct-2021.)

(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ (𝑥 < 𝐴𝐴 < (𝑥 + 2)))
 
Theoremqbtwnrelemcalc 9595 Lemma for qbtwnre 9596. Calculations involved in showing the constructed rational number is less than 𝐵. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Oct-2021.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 < (𝐴 · (2 · 𝑁)))    &   (𝜑 → (1 / 𝑁) < (𝐵𝐴))       (𝜑 → ((𝑀 + 2) / (2 · 𝑁)) < 𝐵)
 
Theoremqbtwnre 9596* The rational numbers are dense in : any two real numbers have a rational between them. Exercise 6 of [Apostol] p. 28. (Contributed by NM, 18-Nov-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℚ (𝐴 < 𝑥𝑥 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremqbtwnxr 9597* The rational numbers are dense in *: any two extended real numbers have a rational between them. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐴 < 𝐵) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℚ (𝐴 < 𝑥𝑥 < 𝐵))
 
Theoremqavgle 9598 The average of two rational numbers is less than or equal to at least one of them. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Nov-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℚ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℚ) → (((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 2) ≤ 𝐴 ∨ ((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 2) ≤ 𝐵))
 
Theoremioo0 9599 An empty open interval of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 6-Feb-2007.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴(,)𝐵) = ∅ ↔ 𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremioom 9600* An open interval of extended reals is inhabited iff the lower argument is less than the upper argument. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Nov-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (∃𝑥 𝑥 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 < 𝐵))
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