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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 4101-4200   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremnfso 4101 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for total orders. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 20-Jan-2015.)
𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐴       𝑥 𝑅 Or 𝐴
 
Theorempocl 4102 Properties of partial order relation in class notation. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1997.)
(𝑅 Po 𝐴 → ((𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴) → (¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐵 ∧ ((𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐷) → 𝐵𝑅𝐷))))
 
Theoremispod 4103* Sufficient conditions for a partial order. (Contributed by NM, 9-Jul-2014.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → ¬ 𝑥𝑅𝑥)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴)) → ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑦𝑅𝑧) → 𝑥𝑅𝑧))       (𝜑𝑅 Po 𝐴)
 
Theoremswopolem 4104* Perform the substitutions into the strict weak ordering law. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴)) → (𝑥𝑅𝑦 → (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑅𝑦)))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑋𝐴𝑌𝐴𝑍𝐴)) → (𝑋𝑅𝑌 → (𝑋𝑅𝑍𝑍𝑅𝑌)))
 
Theoremswopo 4105* A strict weak order is a partial order. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2014.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴)) → (𝑦𝑅𝑧 → ¬ 𝑧𝑅𝑦))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴)) → (𝑥𝑅𝑦 → (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑅𝑦)))       (𝜑𝑅 Po 𝐴)
 
Theorempoirr 4106 A partial order relation is irreflexive. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1997.)
((𝑅 Po 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐵)
 
Theorempotr 4107 A partial order relation is a transitive relation. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1997.)
((𝑅 Po 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴)) → ((𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐷) → 𝐵𝑅𝐷))
 
Theorempo2nr 4108 A partial order relation has no 2-cycle loops. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1997.)
((𝑅 Po 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴)) → ¬ (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵))
 
Theorempo3nr 4109 A partial order relation has no 3-cycle loops. (Contributed by NM, 27-Mar-1997.)
((𝑅 Po 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴)) → ¬ (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐷𝐷𝑅𝐵))
 
Theorempo0 4110 Any relation is a partial ordering of the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
𝑅 Po ∅
 
Theorempofun 4111* A function preserves a partial order relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 18-Jun-2011.)
𝑆 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝑋𝑅𝑌}    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝑋 = 𝑌)       ((𝑅 Po 𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑋𝐵) → 𝑆 Po 𝐴)
 
Theoremsopo 4112 A strict linear order is a strict partial order. (Contributed by NM, 28-Mar-1997.)
(𝑅 Or 𝐴𝑅 Po 𝐴)
 
Theoremsoss 4113 Subset theorem for the strict ordering predicate. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝑅 Or 𝐵𝑅 Or 𝐴))
 
Theoremsoeq1 4114 Equality theorem for the strict ordering predicate. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1997.)
(𝑅 = 𝑆 → (𝑅 Or 𝐴𝑆 Or 𝐴))
 
Theoremsoeq2 4115 Equality theorem for the strict ordering predicate. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1997.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑅 Or 𝐴𝑅 Or 𝐵))
 
Theoremsonr 4116 A strict order relation is irreflexive. (Contributed by NM, 24-Nov-1995.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐵)
 
Theoremsotr 4117 A strict order relation is a transitive relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1996.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴)) → ((𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐷) → 𝐵𝑅𝐷))
 
Theoremissod 4118* An irreflexive, transitive, trichotomous relation is a linear ordering (in the sense of df-iso 4096). (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2014.)
(𝜑𝑅 Po 𝐴)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴)) → (𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑥 = 𝑦𝑦𝑅𝑥))       (𝜑𝑅 Or 𝐴)
 
Theoremsowlin 4119 A strict order relation satisfies weak linearity. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Oct-2018.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴)) → (𝐵𝑅𝐶 → (𝐵𝑅𝐷𝐷𝑅𝐶)))
 
Theoremso2nr 4120 A strict order relation has no 2-cycle loops. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1996.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴)) → ¬ (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵))
 
Theoremso3nr 4121 A strict order relation has no 3-cycle loops. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-1996.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴𝐷𝐴)) → ¬ (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐷𝐷𝑅𝐵))
 
Theoremsotricim 4122 One direction of sotritric 4123 holds for all weakly linear orders. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴)) → (𝐵𝑅𝐶 → ¬ (𝐵 = 𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵)))
 
Theoremsotritric 4123 A trichotomy relationship, given a trichotomous order. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2019.)
𝑅 Or 𝐴    &   ((𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴) → (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵))       ((𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴) → (𝐵𝑅𝐶 ↔ ¬ (𝐵 = 𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵)))
 
Theoremsotritrieq 4124 A trichotomy relationship, given a trichotomous order. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Dec-2019.)
𝑅 Or 𝐴    &   ((𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴) → (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐵 = 𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵))       ((𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐴) → (𝐵 = 𝐶 ↔ ¬ (𝐵𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑅𝐵)))
 
Theoremso0 4125 Any relation is a strict ordering of the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1997.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
𝑅 Or ∅
 
2.3.9  Founded and set-like relations
 
Syntaxwfrfor 4126 Extend wff notation to include the well-founded predicate.
wff FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑆
 
Syntaxwfr 4127 Extend wff notation to include the well-founded predicate. Read: ' 𝑅 is a well-founded relation on 𝐴.'
wff 𝑅 Fr 𝐴
 
Syntaxwse 4128 Extend wff notation to include the set-like predicate. Read: ' 𝑅 is set-like on 𝐴.'
wff 𝑅 Se 𝐴
 
Syntaxwwe 4129 Extend wff notation to include the well-ordering predicate. Read: ' 𝑅 well-orders 𝐴.'
wff 𝑅 We 𝐴
 
Definitiondf-frfor 4130* Define the well-founded relation predicate where 𝐴 might be a proper class. By passing in 𝑆 we allow it potentially to be a proper class rather than a set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon and Mario Carneiro, 22-Sep-2021.)
( FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑆 ↔ (∀𝑥𝐴 (∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥𝑦𝑆) → 𝑥𝑆) → 𝐴𝑆))
 
Definitiondf-frind 4131* Define the well-founded relation predicate. In the presence of excluded middle, there are a variety of equivalent ways to define this. In our case, this definition, in terms of an inductive principle, works better than one along the lines of "there is an element which is minimal when A is ordered by R". Because 𝑠 is constrained to be a set (not a proper class) here, sometimes it may be necessary to use FrFor directly rather than via Fr. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon and Mario Carneiro, 21-Sep-2021.)
(𝑅 Fr 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑠 FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑠)
 
Definitiondf-se 4132* Define the set-like predicate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2014.)
(𝑅 Se 𝐴 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 {𝑦𝐴𝑦𝑅𝑥} ∈ V)
 
Definitiondf-wetr 4133* Define the well-ordering predicate. It is unusual to define "well-ordering" in the absence of excluded middle, but we mean an ordering which is like the ordering which we have for ordinals (for example, it does not entail trichotomy because ordinals don't have that as seen at ordtriexmid 4309). Given excluded middle, well-ordering is usually defined to require trichotomy (and the defintion of Fr is typically also different). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro and Jim Kingdon, 23-Sep-2021.)
(𝑅 We 𝐴 ↔ (𝑅 Fr 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴 ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑦𝑅𝑧) → 𝑥𝑅𝑧)))
 
Theoremseex 4134* The 𝑅-preimage of an element of the base set in a set-like relation is a set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 19-Nov-2014.)
((𝑅 Se 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → {𝑥𝐴𝑥𝑅𝐵} ∈ V)
 
Theoremexse 4135 Any relation on a set is set-like on it. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉𝑅 Se 𝐴)
 
Theoremsess1 4136 Subset theorem for the set-like predicate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝑅𝑆 → (𝑆 Se 𝐴𝑅 Se 𝐴))
 
Theoremsess2 4137 Subset theorem for the set-like predicate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝐴𝐵 → (𝑅 Se 𝐵𝑅 Se 𝐴))
 
Theoremseeq1 4138 Equality theorem for the set-like predicate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝑅 = 𝑆 → (𝑅 Se 𝐴𝑆 Se 𝐴))
 
Theoremseeq2 4139 Equality theorem for the set-like predicate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑅 Se 𝐴𝑅 Se 𝐵))
 
Theoremnfse 4140 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for set-like relations. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐴       𝑥 𝑅 Se 𝐴
 
Theoremepse 4141 The epsilon relation is set-like on any class. (This is the origin of the term "set-like": a set-like relation "acts like" the epsilon relation of sets and their elements.) (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2015.)
E Se 𝐴
 
Theoremfrforeq1 4142 Equality theorem for the well-founded predicate. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Sep-2021.)
(𝑅 = 𝑆 → ( FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑇 ↔ FrFor 𝑆𝐴𝑇))
 
Theoremfreq1 4143 Equality theorem for the well-founded predicate. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1997.)
(𝑅 = 𝑆 → (𝑅 Fr 𝐴𝑆 Fr 𝐴))
 
Theoremfrforeq2 4144 Equality theorem for the well-founded predicate. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Sep-2021.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → ( FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑇 ↔ FrFor 𝑅𝐵𝑇))
 
Theoremfreq2 4145 Equality theorem for the well-founded predicate. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑅 Fr 𝐴𝑅 Fr 𝐵))
 
Theoremfrforeq3 4146 Equality theorem for the well-founded predicate. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Sep-2021.)
(𝑆 = 𝑇 → ( FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑆 ↔ FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑇))
 
Theoremnffrfor 4147 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for well-founded relations. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 20-Jan-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝑆       𝑥 FrFor 𝑅𝐴𝑆
 
Theoremnffr 4148 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for well-founded relations. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 20-Jan-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐴       𝑥 𝑅 Fr 𝐴
 
Theoremfrirrg 4149 A well-founded relation is irreflexive. This is the case where 𝐴 exists. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Sep-2021.)
((𝑅 Fr 𝐴𝐴𝑉𝐵𝐴) → ¬ 𝐵𝑅𝐵)
 
Theoremfr0 4150 Any relation is well-founded on the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.)
𝑅 Fr ∅
 
Theoremfrind 4151* Induction over a well-founded set. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2021.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   ((𝜒𝑥𝐴) → (∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥𝜓) → 𝜑))    &   (𝜒𝑅 Fr 𝐴)    &   (𝜒𝐴𝑉)       ((𝜒𝑥𝐴) → 𝜑)
 
Theoremefrirr 4152 Irreflexivity of the epsilon relation: a class founded by epsilon is not a member of itself. (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2015.)
( E Fr 𝐴 → ¬ 𝐴𝐴)
 
Theoremtz7.2 4153 Similar to Theorem 7.2 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 35, of except that the Axiom of Regularity is not required due to antecedent E Fr 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-1994.)
((Tr 𝐴 ∧ E Fr 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremnfwe 4154 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for well-orderings. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 20-Jan-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑅    &   𝑥𝐴       𝑥 𝑅 We 𝐴
 
Theoremweeq1 4155 Equality theorem for the well-ordering predicate. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1997.)
(𝑅 = 𝑆 → (𝑅 We 𝐴𝑆 We 𝐴))
 
Theoremweeq2 4156 Equality theorem for the well-ordering predicate. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1994.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝑅 We 𝐴𝑅 We 𝐵))
 
Theoremwefr 4157 A well-ordering is well-founded. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-1994.)
(𝑅 We 𝐴𝑅 Fr 𝐴)
 
Theoremwepo 4158 A well-ordering is a partial ordering. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Sep-2021.)
((𝑅 We 𝐴𝐴𝑉) → 𝑅 Po 𝐴)
 
Theoremwetrep 4159* An epsilon well-ordering is a transitive relation. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-1994.)
(( E We 𝐴 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴)) → ((𝑥𝑦𝑦𝑧) → 𝑥𝑧))
 
Theoremwe0 4160 Any relation is a well-ordering of the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1997.)
𝑅 We ∅
 
2.3.10  Ordinals
 
Syntaxword 4161 Extend the definition of a wff to include the ordinal predicate.
wff Ord 𝐴
 
Syntaxcon0 4162 Extend the definition of a class to include the class of all ordinal numbers. (The 0 in the name prevents creating a file called con.html, which causes problems in Windows.)
class On
 
Syntaxwlim 4163 Extend the definition of a wff to include the limit ordinal predicate.
wff Lim 𝐴
 
Syntaxcsuc 4164 Extend class notation to include the successor function.
class suc 𝐴
 
Definitiondf-iord 4165* Define the ordinal predicate, which is true for a class that is transitive and whose elements are transitive. Definition of ordinal in [Crosilla], p. "Set-theoretic principles incompatible with intuitionistic logic". (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2018.) Use its alias dford3 4166 instead for naming consistency with set.mm. (New usage is discouraged.)
(Ord 𝐴 ↔ (Tr 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥))
 
Theoremdford3 4166* Alias for df-iord 4165. Use it instead of df-iord 4165 for naming consistency with set.mm. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2018.)
(Ord 𝐴 ↔ (Tr 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 Tr 𝑥))
 
Definitiondf-on 4167 Define the class of all ordinal numbers. Definition 7.11 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 38. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.)
On = {𝑥 ∣ Ord 𝑥}
 
Definitiondf-ilim 4168 Define the limit ordinal predicate, which is true for an ordinal that has the empty set as an element and is not a successor (i.e. that is the union of itself). Our definition combines the definition of Lim of [BellMachover] p. 471 and Exercise 1 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 42, and then changes 𝐴 ≠ ∅ to ∅ ∈ 𝐴 (which would be equivalent given the law of the excluded middle, but which is not for us). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Nov-2018.) Use its alias dflim2 4169 instead for naming consistency with set.mm. (New usage is discouraged.)
(Lim 𝐴 ↔ (Ord 𝐴 ∧ ∅ ∈ 𝐴𝐴 = 𝐴))
 
Theoremdflim2 4169 Alias for df-ilim 4168. Use it instead of df-ilim 4168 for naming consistency with set.mm. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2004.)
(Lim 𝐴 ↔ (Ord 𝐴 ∧ ∅ ∈ 𝐴𝐴 = 𝐴))
 
Definitiondf-suc 4170 Define the successor of a class. When applied to an ordinal number, the successor means the same thing as "plus 1". Definition 7.22 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 41, who use "+ 1" to denote this function. Our definition is a generalization to classes. Although it is not conventional to use it with proper classes, it has no effect on a proper class (sucprc 4211). Some authors denote the successor operation with a prime (apostrophe-like) symbol, such as Definition 6 of [Suppes] p. 134 and the definition of successor in [Mendelson] p. 246 (who uses the symbol "Suc" as a predicate to mean "is a successor ordinal"). The definition of successor of [Enderton] p. 68 denotes the operation with a plus-sign superscript. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.)
suc 𝐴 = (𝐴 ∪ {𝐴})
 
Theoremordeq 4171 Equality theorem for the ordinal predicate. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Ord 𝐴 ↔ Ord 𝐵))
 
Theoremelong 4172 An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ Ord 𝐴))
 
Theoremelon 4173 An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴 ∈ On ↔ Ord 𝐴)
 
Theoremeloni 4174 An ordinal number has the ordinal property. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.)
(𝐴 ∈ On → Ord 𝐴)
 
Theoremelon2 4175 An ordinal number is an ordinal set. (Contributed by NM, 8-Feb-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ On ↔ (Ord 𝐴𝐴 ∈ V))
 
Theoremlimeq 4176 Equality theorem for the limit predicate. (Contributed by NM, 22-Apr-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → (Lim 𝐴 ↔ Lim 𝐵))
 
Theoremordtr 4177 An ordinal class is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1994.)
(Ord 𝐴 → Tr 𝐴)
 
Theoremordelss 4178 An element of an ordinal class is a subset of it. (Contributed by NM, 30-May-1994.)
((Ord 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵𝐴)
 
Theoremtrssord 4179 A transitive subclass of an ordinal class is ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-1994.)
((Tr 𝐴𝐴𝐵 ∧ Ord 𝐵) → Ord 𝐴)
 
Theoremordelord 4180 An element of an ordinal class is ordinal. Proposition 7.6 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 36. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-1994.)
((Ord 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → Ord 𝐵)
 
Theoremtron 4181 The class of all ordinal numbers is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-2009.)
Tr On
 
Theoremordelon 4182 An element of an ordinal class is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.)
((Ord 𝐴𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ On)
 
Theoremonelon 4183 An element of an ordinal number is an ordinal number. Theorem 2.2(iii) of [BellMachover] p. 469. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2003.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ On)
 
Theoremordin 4184 The intersection of two ordinal classes is ordinal. Proposition 7.9 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 37. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-1994.)
((Ord 𝐴 ∧ Ord 𝐵) → Ord (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremonin 4185 The intersection of two ordinal numbers is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1995.)
((𝐴 ∈ On ∧ 𝐵 ∈ On) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ On)
 
Theoremonelss 4186 An element of an ordinal number is a subset of the number. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jun-1994.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
(𝐴 ∈ On → (𝐵𝐴𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremordtr1 4187 Transitive law for ordinal classes. (Contributed by NM, 12-Dec-2004.)
(Ord 𝐶 → ((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremontr1 4188 Transitive law for ordinal numbers. Theorem 7M(b) of [Enderton] p. 192. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-1994.)
(𝐶 ∈ On → ((𝐴𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴𝐶))
 
Theoremonintss 4189* If a property is true for an ordinal number, then the minimum ordinal number for which it is true is smaller or equal. Theorem Schema 61 of [Suppes] p. 228. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2003.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴 ∈ On → (𝜓 {𝑥 ∈ On ∣ 𝜑} ⊆ 𝐴))
 
Theoremord0 4190 The empty set is an ordinal class. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1994.)
Ord ∅
 
Theorem0elon 4191 The empty set is an ordinal number. Corollary 7N(b) of [Enderton] p. 193. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1993.)
∅ ∈ On
 
Theoreminton 4192 The intersection of the class of ordinal numbers is the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2003.)
On = ∅
 
Theoremnlim0 4193 The empty set is not a limit ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 24-Mar-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-Jul-2011.)
¬ Lim ∅
 
Theoremlimord 4194 A limit ordinal is ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-1995.)
(Lim 𝐴 → Ord 𝐴)
 
Theoremlimuni 4195 A limit ordinal is its own supremum (union). (Contributed by NM, 4-May-1995.)
(Lim 𝐴𝐴 = 𝐴)
 
Theoremlimuni2 4196 The union of a limit ordinal is a limit ordinal. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2006.)
(Lim 𝐴 → Lim 𝐴)
 
Theorem0ellim 4197 A limit ordinal contains the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1994.)
(Lim 𝐴 → ∅ ∈ 𝐴)
 
Theoremlimelon 4198 A limit ordinal class that is also a set is an ordinal number. (Contributed by NM, 26-Apr-2004.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ Lim 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ On)
 
Theoremonn0 4199 The class of all ordinal numbers is not empty. (Contributed by NM, 17-Sep-1995.)
On ≠ ∅
 
Theoremonm 4200 The class of all ordinal numbers is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Mar-2019.)
𝑥 𝑥 ∈ On
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