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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 1801-1900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theorem2ax17 1801* Quantification of two variables over a formula in which they do not occur. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 12-Apr-2011.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑦𝜑)
 
Theoremalimdv 1802* Deduction from Theorem 19.20 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-1994.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓 → ∀𝑥𝜒))
 
Theoremeximdv 1803* Deduction from Theorem 19.22 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-1994.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜒))
 
Theorem2alimdv 1804* Deduction from Theorem 19.22 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2004.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝑦𝜓 → ∀𝑥𝑦𝜒))
 
Theorem2eximdv 1805* Deduction from Theorem 19.22 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1995.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝑦𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜒))
 
Theorem19.23v 1806* Special case of Theorem 19.23 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jun-1998.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.23vv 1807* Theorem 19.23 of [Margaris] p. 90 extended to two variables. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2004.)
(∀𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremsb56 1808* Two equivalent ways of expressing the proper substitution of 𝑦 for 𝑥 in 𝜑, when 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. Theorem 6.2 of [Quine] p. 40. The proof does not involve df-sb 1688. (Contributed by NM, 14-Apr-2008.)
(∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑) ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremsb6 1809* Equivalence for substitution. Compare Theorem 6.2 of [Quine] p. 40. Also proved as Lemmas 16 and 17 of [Tarski] p. 70. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.) (Revised by NM, 14-Apr-2008.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremsb5 1810* Equivalence for substitution. Similar to Theorem 6.1 of [Quine] p. 40. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.) (Revised by NM, 14-Apr-2008.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremsbnv 1811* Version of sbn 1869 where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2017.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥] ¬ 𝜑 ↔ ¬ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbanv 1812* Version of sban 1872 where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Dec-2017.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsborv 1813* Version of sbor 1871 where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ∨ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbi1v 1814* Forward direction of sbimv 1816. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Dec-2017.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbi2v 1815* Reverse direction of sbimv 1816. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Jan-2018.)
(([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓) → [𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremsbimv 1816* Intuitionistic proof of sbim 1870 where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Jan-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsblimv 1817* Version of sblim 1874 where 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Jan-2018.)
(𝜓 → ∀𝑥𝜓)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorempm11.53 1818* Theorem *11.53 in [WhiteheadRussell] p. 164. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 24-May-2011.)
(∀𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝜓))
 
Theoremexlimivv 1819* Inference from Theorem 19.23 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-1995.)
(𝜑𝜓)       (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑𝜓)
 
Theoremexlimdvv 1820* Deduction from Theorem 19.23 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1995.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝑦𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremexlimddv 1821* Existential elimination rule of natural deduction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓)    &   ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜒)       (𝜑𝜒)
 
Theorem19.27v 1822* Theorem 19.27 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-2004.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.28v 1823* Theorem 19.28 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 25-Mar-2004.)
(∀𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥𝜓))
 
Theorem19.36aiv 1824* Inference from Theorem 19.36 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
𝑥(𝜑𝜓)       (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)
 
Theorem19.41v 1825* Special case of Theorem 19.41 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(∃𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.41vv 1826* Theorem 19.41 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 2 quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.41vvv 1827* Theorem 19.41 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 3 quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.41vvvv 1828* Theorem 19.41 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 4 quantifiers. (Contributed by FL, 14-Jul-2007.)
(∃𝑤𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑤𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜑𝜓))
 
Theorem19.42v 1829* Special case of Theorem 19.42 of [Margaris] p. 90. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(∃𝑥(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑥𝜓))
 
Theoremexdistr 1830* Distribution of existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝜓))
 
Theorem19.42vv 1831* Theorem 19.42 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 2 quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 16-Mar-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓))
 
Theorem19.42vvv 1832* Theorem 19.42 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 3 quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2011.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜓))
 
Theorem19.42vvvv 1833* Theorem 19.42 of [Margaris] p. 90 with 4 quantifiers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Nov-2019.)
(∃𝑤𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑤𝑥𝑦𝑧𝜓))
 
Theoremexdistr2 1834* Distribution of existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝑧𝜓))
 
Theorem3exdistr 1835* Distribution of existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓𝜒) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦(𝜓 ∧ ∃𝑧𝜒)))
 
Theorem4exdistr 1836* Distribution of existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 9-Mar-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤((𝜑𝜓) ∧ (𝜒𝜃)) ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦(𝜓 ∧ ∃𝑧(𝜒 ∧ ∃𝑤𝜃))))
 
Theoremcbvalv 1837* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitition. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜓)
 
Theoremcbvexv 1838* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitition. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦𝜓)
 
Theoremcbval2 1839* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 22-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 22-Apr-2018.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑤𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜓    &   ((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑧𝑤𝜓)
 
Theoremcbvex2 1840* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 14-Sep-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.)
𝑧𝜑    &   𝑤𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜓    &   ((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑧𝑤𝜓)
 
Theoremcbval2v 1841* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 4-Feb-2005.)
((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑧𝑤𝜓)
 
Theoremcbvex2v 1842* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝑧𝑦 = 𝑤) → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑧𝑤𝜓)
 
Theoremcbvald 1843* Deduction used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution, particularly useful in conjunction with dvelim 1936. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.) (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 13-May-2018.)
𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑦𝜓)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒)))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜒))
 
Theoremcbvexdh 1844* Deduction used to change bound variables, using implicit substitition, particularly useful in conjunction with dvelim 1936. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-2002.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 30-Dec-2017.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝜑)    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓 → ∀𝑦𝜓))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒)))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦𝜒))
 
Theoremcbvexd 1845* Deduction used to change bound variables, using implicit substitution, particularly useful in conjunction with dvelim 1936. (Contributed by NM, 2-Jan-2002.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jun-2018.)
𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑦𝜓)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜒)))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦𝜒))
 
Theoremcbvaldva 1846* Rule used to change the bound variable in a universal quantifier with implicit substitution. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜒))
 
Theoremcbvexdva 1847* Rule used to change the bound variable in an existential quantifier with implicit substitution. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥𝜓 ↔ ∃𝑦𝜒))
 
Theoremcbvex4v 1848* Rule used to change bound variables, using implicit substitition. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝑣𝑦 = 𝑢) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   ((𝑧 = 𝑓𝑤 = 𝑔) → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑣𝑢𝑓𝑔𝜒)
 
Theoremeean 1849 Rearrange existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-2010.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.)
𝑦𝜑    &   𝑥𝜓       (∃𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝜓))
 
Theoremeeanv 1850* Rearrange existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝜓))
 
Theoremeeeanv 1851* Rearrange existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 25-May-2011.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧(𝜑𝜓𝜒) ↔ (∃𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑦𝜓 ∧ ∃𝑧𝜒))
 
Theoremee4anv 1852* Rearrange existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-1995.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝑦𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝜓))
 
Theoremee8anv 1853* Rearrange existential quantifiers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Nov-2019.)
(∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡𝑠(𝜑𝜓) ↔ (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝜑 ∧ ∃𝑣𝑢𝑡𝑠𝜓))
 
Theoremnexdv 1854* Deduction for generalization rule for negated wff. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝜑 → ¬ 𝜓)       (𝜑 → ¬ ∃𝑥𝜓)
 
Theoremchvarv 1855* Implicit substitution of 𝑦 for 𝑥 into a theorem. (Contributed by NM, 20-Apr-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓
 
Theoremcleljust 1856* When the class variables of set theory are replaced with setvar variables, this theorem of predicate calculus is the result. This theorem provides part of the justification for the consistency of that definition, which "overloads" the setvar variables in wel 1435 with the class variables in wcel 1434. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jan-2004.)
(𝑥𝑦 ↔ ∃𝑧(𝑧 = 𝑥𝑧𝑦))
 
1.4.5  More substitution theorems
 
Theoremhbs1 1857* 𝑥 is not free in [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 when 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof by Jim Kingdon, 16-Dec-2017.) (New usage is discouraged.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → ∀𝑥[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremnfs1v 1858* 𝑥 is not free in [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 when 𝑥 and 𝑦 are distinct. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.)
𝑥[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑
 
Theoremsbhb 1859* Two ways of expressing "𝑥 is (effectively) not free in 𝜑." (Contributed by NM, 29-May-2009.)
((𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑) ↔ ∀𝑦(𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Theoremhbsbv 1860* This is a version of hbsb 1866 with an extra distinct variable constraint, on 𝑧 and 𝑥. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Dec-2017.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → ∀𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremnfsbxy 1861* Similar to hbsb 1866 but with an extra distinct variable constraint, on 𝑥 and 𝑦. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Mar-2018.)
𝑧𝜑       𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑
 
Theoremnfsbxyt 1862* Closed form of nfsbxy 1861. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-May-2018.)
(∀𝑥𝑧𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco2vlem 1863* This is a version of sbco2 1882 where 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥 and from 𝑦. It is a lemma on the way to proving sbco2v 1864 which only requires that 𝑧 and 𝑥 be distinct. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Dec-2017.) (One distinct variable constraint removed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco2v 1864* This is a version of sbco2 1882 where 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑥. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Feb-2018.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremnfsb 1865* If 𝑧 is not free in 𝜑, it is not free in [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 when 𝑦 and 𝑧 are distinct. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Aug-2016.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 19-Mar-2018.)
𝑧𝜑       𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑
 
Theoremhbsb 1866* If 𝑧 is not free in 𝜑, it is not free in [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 when 𝑦 and 𝑧 are distinct. (Contributed by NM, 12-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → ∀𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremequsb3lem 1867* Lemma for equsb3 1868. (Contributed by NM, 4-Dec-2005.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
([𝑥 / 𝑦]𝑦 = 𝑧𝑥 = 𝑧)
 
Theoremequsb3 1868* Substitution applied to an atomic wff. (Contributed by Raph Levien and FL, 4-Dec-2005.)
([𝑥 / 𝑦]𝑦 = 𝑧𝑥 = 𝑧)
 
Theoremsbn 1869 Negation inside and outside of substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥] ¬ 𝜑 ↔ ¬ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbim 1870 Implication inside and outside of substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbor 1871 Logical OR inside and outside of substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2002.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ∨ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsban 1872 Conjunction inside and outside of a substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 3-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbrim 1873 Substitution with a variable not free in antecedent affects only the consequent. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ (𝜑 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsblim 1874 Substitution with a variable not free in consequent affects only the antecedent. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓))
 
Theoremsb3an 1875 Conjunction inside and outside of a substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 14-Dec-2006.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓𝜒) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜒))
 
Theoremsbbi 1876 Equivalence inside and outside of a substitution are equivalent. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜓) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsblbis 1877 Introduce left biconditional inside of a substitution. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-1993.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜒𝜑) ↔ ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜒𝜓))
 
Theoremsbrbis 1878 Introduce right biconditional inside of a substitution. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜒) ↔ (𝜓 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜒))
 
Theoremsbrbif 1879 Introduce right biconditional inside of a substitution. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
(𝜒 → ∀𝑥𝜒)    &   ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓)       ([𝑦 / 𝑥](𝜑𝜒) ↔ (𝜓𝜒))
 
Theoremsbco2yz 1880* This is a version of sbco2 1882 where 𝑧 is distinct from 𝑦. It is a lemma on the way to proving sbco2 1882 which has no distinct variable constraints. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Mar-2018.)
𝑧𝜑       ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco2h 1881 A composition law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-1994.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 19-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)       ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco2 1882 A composition law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jun-1994.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.)
𝑧𝜑       ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco2d 1883 A composition law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓 → ∀𝑧𝜓))       (𝜑 → ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜓 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbco2vd 1884* Version of sbco2d 1883 with a distinct variable constraint between 𝑥 and 𝑧. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Feb-2018.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝜑)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑧𝜑)    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓 → ∀𝑧𝜓))       (𝜑 → ([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜓 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓))
 
Theoremsbco 1885 A composition law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.)
([𝑦 / 𝑥][𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco3v 1886* Version of sbco3 1891 with a distinct variable constraint between 𝑥 and 𝑦. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Feb-2018.)
([𝑧 / 𝑦][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑧 / 𝑥][𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbcocom 1887 Relationship between composition and commutativity for substitution. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Feb-2018.)
([𝑧 / 𝑦][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑧 / 𝑦][𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbcomv 1888* Version of sbcom 1892 with a distinct variable constraint between 𝑥 and 𝑧. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Feb-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥][𝑦 / 𝑧]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbcomxyyz 1889* Version of sbcom 1892 with distinct variable constraints between 𝑥 and 𝑦, and 𝑦 and 𝑧. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Mar-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥][𝑦 / 𝑧]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco3xzyz 1890* Version of sbco3 1891 with distinct variable constraints between 𝑥 and 𝑧, and 𝑦 and 𝑧. Lemma for proving sbco3 1891. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2018.)
([𝑧 / 𝑦][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑧 / 𝑥][𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbco3 1891 A composition law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2018.)
([𝑧 / 𝑦][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑧 / 𝑥][𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbcom 1892 A commutativity law for substitution. (Contributed by NM, 27-May-1997.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 22-Mar-2018.)
([𝑦 / 𝑧][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑦 / 𝑥][𝑦 / 𝑧]𝜑)
 
Theoremnfsbt 1893* Closed form of nfsb 1865. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-May-2018.)
(∀𝑥𝑧𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremnfsbd 1894* Deduction version of nfsb 1865. (Contributed by NM, 15-Feb-2013.)
𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑧𝜓)       (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑧[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜓)
 
Theoremelsb3 1895* Substitution applied to an atomic membership wff. (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
([𝑥 / 𝑦]𝑦𝑧𝑥𝑧)
 
Theoremelsb4 1896* Substitution applied to an atomic membership wff. (Contributed by Rodolfo Medina, 3-Apr-2010.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 14-Jun-2011.)
([𝑥 / 𝑦]𝑧𝑦𝑧𝑥)
 
Theoremsb9v 1897* Like sb9 1898 but with a distinct variable constraint between 𝑥 and 𝑦. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Feb-2018.)
(∀𝑥[𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsb9 1898 Commutation of quantification and substitution variables. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 23-Mar-2018.)
(∀𝑥[𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsb9i 1899 Commutation of quantification and substitution variables. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1993.) (Proof rewritten by Jim Kingdon, 23-Mar-2018.)
(∀𝑥[𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑 → ∀𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)
 
Theoremsbnf2 1900* Two ways of expressing "𝑥 is (effectively) not free in 𝜑." (Contributed by Gérard Lang, 14-Nov-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Oct-2016.)
(Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝑧([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 ↔ [𝑧 / 𝑥]𝜑))
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