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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 10201-10300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremfrecuzrdgg 10201* Lemma for other theorems involving the the recursive definition generator on upper integers. Evaluating 𝑅 at a natural number gives an ordered pair whose first element is the mapping of that natural number via 𝐺. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ω)    &   𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 𝐶)       (𝜑 → (1st ‘(𝑅𝑁)) = (𝐺𝑁))

Theoremfrecuzrdgdomlem 10202* The domain of the result of the recursive definition generator on upper integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 𝐶)       (𝜑 → dom ran 𝑅 = (ℤ𝐶))

Theoremfrecuzrdgdom 10203* The domain of the result of the recursive definition generator on upper integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)       (𝜑 → dom ran 𝑅 = (ℤ𝐶))

Theoremfrecuzrdgfunlem 10204* The recursive definition generator on upper integers produces a a function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 𝐶)       (𝜑 → Fun ran 𝑅)

Theoremfrecuzrdgfun 10205* The recursive definition generator on upper integers produces a a function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)       (𝜑 → Fun ran 𝑅)

Theoremfrecuzrdgtclt 10206* The recursive definition generator on upper integers is a function. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑃 = ran 𝑅)       (𝜑𝑃:(ℤ𝐶)⟶𝑆)

Theoremfrecuzrdg0t 10207* Initial value of a recursive definition generator on upper integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑃 = ran 𝑅)       (𝜑 → (𝑃𝐶) = 𝐴)

Theoremfrecuzrdgsuctlem 10208* Successor value of a recursive definition generator on upper integers. See comment in frec2uz0d 10184 for the description of 𝐺 as the mapping from ω to (ℤ𝐶). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑃 = ran 𝑅)       ((𝜑𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐶)) → (𝑃‘(𝐵 + 1)) = (𝐵𝐹(𝑃𝐵)))

Theoremfrecuzrdgsuct 10209* Successor value of a recursive definition generator on upper integers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐶), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥𝐹𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝐶, 𝐴⟩)    &   (𝜑𝑃 = ran 𝑅)       ((𝜑𝐵 ∈ (ℤ𝐶)) → (𝑃‘(𝐵 + 1)) = (𝐵𝐹(𝑃𝐵)))

Theoremuzenom 10210 An upper integer set is denumerable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2015.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝑍 ≈ ω)

Theoremfrecfzennn 10211 The cardinality of a finite set of sequential integers. (See frec2uz0d 10184 for a description of the hypothesis.) (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (1...𝑁) ≈ (𝐺𝑁))

Theoremfrecfzen2 10212 The cardinality of a finite set of sequential integers with arbitrary endpoints. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (𝑀...𝑁) ≈ (𝐺‘((𝑁 + 1) − 𝑀)))

Theoremfrechashgf1o 10213 𝐺 maps ω one-to-one onto 0. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-May-2020.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)       𝐺:ω–1-1-onto→ℕ0

Theoremfrec2uzled 10214* The mapping 𝐺 (see frec2uz0d 10184) preserves order. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 24-Feb-2022.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℤ)    &   𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ω)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ω)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐺𝐴) ≤ (𝐺𝐵)))

Theoremfzfig 10215 A finite interval of integers is finite. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-May-2020.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin)

Theoremfzfigd 10216 Deduction form of fzfig 10215. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝑀...𝑁) ∈ Fin)

Theoremfzofig 10217 Half-open integer sets are finite. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-May-2020.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀..^𝑁) ∈ Fin)

Theoremnn0ennn 10218 The nonnegative integers are equinumerous to the positive integers. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2004.)
0 ≈ ℕ

Theoremnnenom 10219 The set of positive integers (as a subset of complex numbers) is equinumerous to omega (the set of finite ordinal numbers). (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2013.)
ℕ ≈ ω

Theoremnnct 10220 is dominated by ω. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 29-Dec-2016.)
ℕ ≼ ω

Theoremuzennn 10221 An upper integer set is equinumerous to the set of natural numbers. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Jul-2023.)
(𝑀 ∈ ℤ → (ℤ𝑀) ≈ ℕ)

Theoremfnn0nninf 10222* A function from 0 into . (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Jul-2022.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)    &   𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ω ↦ (𝑖 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑖𝑛, 1o, ∅)))       (𝐹𝐺):ℕ0⟶ℕ

Theoremfxnn0nninf 10223* A function from 0* into . (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Jul-2022.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)    &   𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ω ↦ (𝑖 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑖𝑛, 1o, ∅)))    &   𝐼 = ((𝐹𝐺) ∪ {⟨+∞, (ω × {1o})⟩})       𝐼:ℕ0*⟶ℕ

Theorem0tonninf 10224* The mapping of zero into is the sequence of all zeroes. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Jul-2022.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)    &   𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ω ↦ (𝑖 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑖𝑛, 1o, ∅)))    &   𝐼 = ((𝐹𝐺) ∪ {⟨+∞, (ω × {1o})⟩})       (𝐼‘0) = (𝑥 ∈ ω ↦ ∅)

Theorem1tonninf 10225* The mapping of one into is a sequence which is a one followed by zeroes. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Jul-2022.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)    &   𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ω ↦ (𝑖 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑖𝑛, 1o, ∅)))    &   𝐼 = ((𝐹𝐺) ∪ {⟨+∞, (ω × {1o})⟩})       (𝐼‘1) = (𝑥 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑥 = ∅, 1o, ∅))

Theoreminftonninf 10226* The mapping of +∞ into is the sequence of all ones. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Jul-2022.)
𝐺 = frec((𝑥 ∈ ℤ ↦ (𝑥 + 1)), 0)    &   𝐹 = (𝑛 ∈ ω ↦ (𝑖 ∈ ω ↦ if(𝑖𝑛, 1o, ∅)))    &   𝐼 = ((𝐹𝐺) ∪ {⟨+∞, (ω × {1o})⟩})       (𝐼‘+∞) = (𝑥 ∈ ω ↦ 1o)

4.6.4  Strong induction over upper sets of integers

Theoremuzsinds 10227* Strong (or "total") induction principle over an upper set of integers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) → 𝜒)

Theoremnnsinds 10228* Strong (or "total") induction principle over the naturals. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑦 ∈ (1...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 𝜒)

Theoremnn0sinds 10229* Strong (or "total") induction principle over the nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 ∈ ℕ0 → (∀𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑥 − 1))𝜓𝜑))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝜒)

4.6.5  The infinite sequence builder "seq"

Syntaxcseq 10230 Extend class notation with recursive sequence builder.
class seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)

Definitiondf-seqfrec 10231* Define a general-purpose operation that builds a recursive sequence (i.e., a function on an upper integer set such as or 0) whose value at an index is a function of its previous value and the value of an input sequence at that index. This definition is complicated, but fortunately it is not intended to be used directly. Instead, the only purpose of this definition is to provide us with an object that has the properties expressed by seqf 10246, seq3-1 10245 and seq3p1 10247. Typically, those are the main theorems that would be used in practice.

The first operand in the parentheses is the operation that is applied to the previous value and the value of the input sequence (second operand). The operand to the left of the parenthesis is the integer to start from. For example, for the operation +, an input sequence 𝐹 with values 1, 1/2, 1/4, 1/8,... would be transformed into the output sequence seq1( + , 𝐹) with values 1, 3/2, 7/4, 15/8,.., so that (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘1) = 1, (seq1( + , 𝐹)‘2) = 3/2, etc. In other words, seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) transforms a sequence 𝐹 into an infinite series. seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ⇝ 2 means "the sum of F(n) from n = M to infinity is 2." Since limits are unique (climuni 11074), by climdm 11076 the "sum of F(n) from n = 1 to infinity" can be expressed as ( ⇝ ‘seq1( + , 𝐹)) (provided the sequence converges) and evaluates to 2 in this example.

Internally, the frec function generates as its values a set of ordered pairs starting at 𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩, with the first member of each pair incremented by one in each successive value. So, the range of frec is exactly the sequence we want, and we just extract the range and throw away the domain.

(Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2022.)

seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = ran frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑦 + (𝐹‘(𝑥 + 1)))⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)

Theoremseqex 10232 Existence of the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ∈ V

Theoremseqeq1 10233 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
(𝑀 = 𝑁 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹))

Theoremseqeq2 10234 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
( + = 𝑄 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹))

Theoremseqeq3 10235 Equality theorem for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2013.)
(𝐹 = 𝐺 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺))

Theoremseqeq1d 10236 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝐴( + , 𝐹) = seq𝐵( + , 𝐹))

Theoremseqeq2d 10237 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀(𝐴, 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝐵, 𝐹))

Theoremseqeq3d 10238 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐴) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐵))

Theoremseqeq123d 10239 Equality deduction for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2013.)
(𝜑𝑀 = 𝑁)    &   (𝜑+ = 𝑄)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = 𝐺)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑁(𝑄, 𝐺))

Theoremnfseq 10240 Hypothesis builder for the sequence builder operation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝑀    &   𝑥 +    &   𝑥𝐹       𝑥seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)

Theoremiseqovex 10241* Closure of a function used in proving sequence builder theorems. This can be thought of as a lemma for the small number of sequence builder theorems which need it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 31-May-2020.)
((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝑆 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)

Theoremiseqvalcbv 10242* Changing the bound variables in an expression which appears in some seq related proofs. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Apr-2022.)
frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝑆 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩) = frec((𝑎 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑏𝑇 ↦ ⟨(𝑎 + 1), (𝑎(𝑐 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑑𝑆 ↦ (𝑑 + (𝐹‘(𝑐 + 1))))𝑏)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)

Theoremseq3val 10243* Value of the sequence builder function. This helps expand the definition although there should be little need for it once we have proved seqf 10246, seq3-1 10245 and seq3p1 10247, as further development can be done in terms of those. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 4-Nov-2022.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝑆 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = ran 𝑅)

Theoremseqvalcd 10244* Value of the sequence builder function. Similar to seq3val 10243 but the classes 𝐷 (type of each term) and 𝐶 (type of the value we are accumulating) do not need to be the same. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Jul-2023.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   𝑅 = frec((𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ ⟨(𝑥 + 1), (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝐶 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦)⟩), ⟨𝑀, (𝐹𝑀)⟩)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = ran 𝑅)

Theoremseq3-1 10245* Value of the sequence builder function at its initial value. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Oct-2022.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = (𝐹𝑀))

Theoremseqf 10246* Range of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑍) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝑆)

Theoremseq3p1 10247* Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Apr-2022.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 + 1)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))))

Theoremseqovcd 10248* A closure law for the recursive sequence builder. This is a lemma for theorems such as seqf2 10249 and seq1cd 10250 and is unlikely to be needed once such theorems are proved. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jul-2023.)
((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ∧ 𝑦𝐶)) → (𝑥(𝑧 ∈ (ℤ𝑀), 𝑤𝐶 ↦ (𝑤 + (𝐹‘(𝑧 + 1))))𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremseqf2 10249* Range of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 7-Jul-2023.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍𝐶)

Theoremseq1cd 10250* Initial value of the recursive sequence builder. A version of seq3-1 10245 which provides two classes 𝐷 and 𝐶 for the terms and the value being accumulated, respectively. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Jul-2023.)
(𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) = (𝐹𝑀))

Theoremseqp1cd 10251* Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. A version of seq3p1 10247 which provides two classes 𝐷 and 𝐶 for the terms and the value being accumulated, respectively. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jul-2023.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐷)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 + 1)) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (𝐹‘(𝑁 + 1))))

Theoremseq3clss 10252* Closure property of the recursive sequence builder. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Sep-2022.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑇)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑇)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑇𝑦𝑇)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑇)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)

Theoremseq3m1 10253* Value of the sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2013.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 3-Nov-2022.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘(𝑁 − 1)) + (𝐹𝑁)))

Theoremseq3fveq2 10254* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3feq2 10255* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (𝐺𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝐾 + 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝐾)) = seq𝐾( + , 𝐺))

Theoremseq3fveq 10256* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jun-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3feq 10257* Equality of sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 7-Apr-2023.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀( + , 𝐺))

Theoremseq3shft2 10258* Shifting the index set of a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2021.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 7-Apr-2023.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝑘 + 𝐾)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 𝐾))) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (seq(𝑀 + 𝐾)( + , 𝐺)‘(𝑁 + 𝐾)))

Theoremserf 10259* An infinite series of complex terms is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℂ)

Theoremserfre 10260* An infinite series of real numbers is a function from to . (Contributed by NM, 18-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝑍) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹):𝑍⟶ℝ)

Theoremmonoord 10261* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, increasing case. (Contributed by NM, 13-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 9-Feb-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑘) ≤ (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑀) ≤ (𝐹𝑁))

Theoremmonoord2 10262* Ordering relation for a monotonic sequence, decreasing case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Jul-2014.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹‘(𝑘 + 1)) ≤ (𝐹𝑘))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ≤ (𝐹𝑀))

Theoremser3mono 10263* The partial sums in an infinite series of positive terms form a monotonic sequence. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 22-Apr-2023.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → 0 ≤ (𝐹𝑥))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ≤ (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3split 10264* Split a sequence into two sequences. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2021.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 21-Oct-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝐾)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝐾( + , 𝐹)‘𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3-1p 10265* Removing the first term from a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2021.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(𝑀 + 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = ((𝐹𝑀) + (seq(𝑀 + 1)( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3caopr3 10266* Lemma for seq3caopr2 10267. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 22-Apr-2023.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (𝑀..^𝑁)) → (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛)) + ((𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1))𝑄(𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))) = (((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑛) + (𝐹‘(𝑛 + 1)))𝑄((seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑛) + (𝐺‘(𝑛 + 1)))))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3caopr2 10267* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-May-2014.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2023.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆))) → ((𝑥𝑄𝑧) + (𝑦𝑄𝑤)) = ((𝑥 + 𝑦)𝑄(𝑧 + 𝑤)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘)𝑄(𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)𝑄(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3caopr 10268* The sum of two infinite series (generalized to an arbitrary commutative and associative operation). (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2023.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremiseqf1olemkle 10269* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)       (𝜑𝐾 ≤ (𝐽𝐾))

Theoremiseqf1olemklt 10270* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ (𝐽𝐾))       (𝜑𝐾 < (𝐽𝐾))

Theoremiseqf1olemqcl 10271 Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))       (𝜑 → if(𝐴 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝐴 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝐴 − 1))), (𝐽𝐴)) ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))

Theoremiseqf1olemqval 10272* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. Value of the function 𝑄. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 28-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))       (𝜑 → (𝑄𝐴) = if(𝐴 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝐴 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝐴 − 1))), (𝐽𝐴)))

Theoremiseqf1olemnab 10273* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄𝐴) = (𝑄𝐵))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))       (𝜑 → ¬ (𝐴 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)) ∧ ¬ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾))))

Theoremiseqf1olemab 10274* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄𝐴) = (𝑄𝐵))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremiseqf1olemnanb 10275* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄𝐴) = (𝑄𝐵))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐵 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremiseqf1olemqf 10276* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. Domain and codomain of 𝑄. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 26-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))       (𝜑𝑄:(𝑀...𝑁)⟶(𝑀...𝑁))

Theoremiseqf1olemmo 10277* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. Showing that 𝑄 is one-to-one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 27-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑄𝐴) = (𝑄𝐵))       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremiseqf1olemqf1o 10278* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. 𝑄 is a permutation of (𝑀...𝑁). 𝑄 is formed from the constant portion of 𝐽, followed by the single element 𝐾 (at position 𝐾), followed by the rest of J (with the 𝐾 deleted and the elements before 𝐾 moved one position later to fill the gap). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))       (𝜑𝑄:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))

Theoremiseqf1olemqk 10279* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. 𝑄 is constant for one more position than 𝐽 is. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)       (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝐾)(𝑄𝑥) = 𝑥)

Theoremiseqf1olemjpcl 10280* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. A closure lemma involving 𝐽 and 𝑃. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐽 / 𝑓𝑃𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)

Theoremiseqf1olemqpcl 10281* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. A closure lemma involving 𝑄 and 𝑃. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝑄 / 𝑓𝑃𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)

Theoremiseqf1olemfvp 10282* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Aug-2022.)
(𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → (𝑇 / 𝑓𝑃𝐴) = (𝐺‘(𝑇𝐴)))

Theoremseq3f1olemqsumkj 10283* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. 𝑄 gives the same sum as 𝐽 in the range (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ (𝐽𝐾))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐽 / 𝑓𝑃)‘(𝐽𝐾)) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝑄 / 𝑓𝑃)‘(𝐽𝐾)))

Theoremseq3f1olemqsumk 10284* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. 𝑄 gives the same sum as 𝐽 in the range (𝐾...𝑁). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ (𝐽𝐾))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝐾( + , 𝐽 / 𝑓𝑃)‘𝑁) = (seq𝐾( + , 𝑄 / 𝑓𝑃)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3f1olemqsum 10285* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. 𝑄 gives the same sum as 𝐽. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ≠ (𝐽𝐾))    &   𝑄 = (𝑢 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑢 ∈ (𝐾...(𝐽𝐾)), if(𝑢 = 𝐾, 𝐾, (𝐽‘(𝑢 − 1))), (𝐽𝑢)))    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐽 / 𝑓𝑃)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝑄 / 𝑓𝑃)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3f1olemstep 10286* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. Given a permutation which is constant up to a point, supply a new one which is constant for one more position. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝐽:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀..^𝐾)(𝐽𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐽 / 𝑓𝑃)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐿)‘𝑁))    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑓(𝑓:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝐾)(𝑓𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ (seq𝑀( + , 𝑃)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐿)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3f1olemp 10287* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. Existence of a constant permutation of (𝑀...𝑁) which leads to the same sum as the permutation 𝐹 itself. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝐿 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝐹𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))    &   𝑃 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝑓𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑓(𝑓:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁) ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)(𝑓𝑥) = 𝑥 ∧ (seq𝑀( + , 𝑃)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐿)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3f1oleml 10288* Lemma for seq3f1o 10289. This is more or less the result, but stated in terms of 𝐹 and 𝐺 without 𝐻. 𝐿 and 𝐻 may differ in terms of what happens to terms after 𝑁. The terms after 𝑁 don't matter for the value at 𝑁 but we need some definition given the way our theorems concerning seq work. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Aug-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   𝐿 = (𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀) ↦ if(𝑥𝑁, (𝐺‘(𝐹𝑥)), (𝐺𝑀)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐿)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3f1o 10289* Rearrange a sum via an arbitrary bijection on (𝑀...𝑁). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2014.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 3-Nov-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑆)) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐹:(𝑀...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(𝑀...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐻𝑘) = (𝐺‘(𝐹𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremser3add 10290* The sum of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 4-Oct-2022.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) + (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) + (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremser3sub 10291* The difference of two infinite series. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 22-Apr-2023.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑘) ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻𝑘) = ((𝐹𝑘) − (𝐺𝑘)))       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐻)‘𝑁) = ((seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) − (seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremseq3id3 10292* A sequence that consists entirely of "zeroes" sums to "zero". More precisely, a constant sequence with value an element which is a + -idempotent sums (or "+'s") to that element. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 8-Apr-2023.)
(𝜑 → (𝑍 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)

Theoremseq3id 10293* Discarding the first few terms of a sequence that starts with all zeroes (or any element which is a left-identity for +) has no effect on its sum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 8-Apr-2023.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝑍𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑁) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑀...(𝑁 − 1))) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) ↾ (ℤ𝑁)) = seq𝑁( + , 𝐹))

Theoremseq3id2 10294* The last few partial sums of a sequence that ends with all zeroes (or any element which is a right-identity for +) are all the same. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Jul-2013.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 12-Nov-2022.)
((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑥)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝐾))    &   (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ ((𝐾 + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝐹𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝐾) = (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3homo 10295* Apply a homomorphism to a sequence. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐻‘(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐻𝑥)𝑄(𝐻𝑦)))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐻‘(𝐹𝑥)) = (𝐺𝑥))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑄𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝐻‘(seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁)) = (seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐺)‘𝑁))

Theoremseq3z 10296* If the operation + has an absorbing element 𝑍 (a.k.a. zero element), then any sequence containing a 𝑍 evaluates to 𝑍. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-May-2014.) (Revised by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2023.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑍 + 𝑥) = 𝑍)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑍) = 𝑍)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ (𝑀...𝑁))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾) = 𝑍)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = 𝑍)

Theoremseqfeq3 10297* Equality of series under different addition operations which agree on an additively closed subset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Apr-2016.)
(𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥𝑄𝑦))       (𝜑 → seq𝑀( + , 𝐹) = seq𝑀(𝑄, 𝐹))

Theoremseq3distr 10298* The distributive property for series. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Oct-2022.)
((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝐶𝑇(𝑥 + 𝑦)) = ((𝐶𝑇𝑥) + (𝐶𝑇𝑦)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐺𝑥) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (ℤ𝑀)) → (𝐹𝑥) = (𝐶𝑇(𝐺𝑥)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → (𝑥𝑇𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑆)       (𝜑 → (seq𝑀( + , 𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝐶𝑇(seq𝑀( + , 𝐺)‘𝑁)))

Theoremser0 10299 The value of the partial sums in a zero-valued infinite series. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Dec-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑁𝑍 → (seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0}))‘𝑁) = 0)

Theoremser0f 10300 A zero-valued infinite series is equal to the constant zero function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Feb-2014.)
𝑍 = (ℤ𝑀)       (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → seq𝑀( + , (𝑍 × {0})) = (𝑍 × {0}))

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