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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 7401-7500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremcaucvgprprlemnkj 7401* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of disjointness. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jan-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑𝐾N)    &   (𝜑𝐽N)    &   (𝜑𝑆Q)       (𝜑 → ¬ (⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑆 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐾, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑆 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐾, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝐾) ∧ ((𝐹𝐽) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑆}, {𝑞𝑆 <Q 𝑞}⟩))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemnbj 7402* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Non-existence of two elements of the sequence which are too far from each other. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑𝐵N)    &   (𝜑𝐽N)       (𝜑 → ¬ (((𝐹𝐵) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐵, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐵, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩)<P (𝐹𝐽))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemml 7403* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The lower cut of the putative limit is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → ∃𝑠Q 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemmu 7404* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The upper cut of the putative limit is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → ∃𝑡Q 𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemm 7405* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is inhabited. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → (∃𝑠Q 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿) ∧ ∃𝑡Q 𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿)))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemopl 7406* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The lower cut of the putative limit is open. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       ((𝜑𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿)) → ∃𝑡Q (𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑡 ∈ (1st𝐿)))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemlol 7407* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The lower cut of the putative limit is lower. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       ((𝜑𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑡 ∈ (1st𝐿)) → 𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemopu 7408* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The upper cut of the putative limit is open. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       ((𝜑𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿)) → ∃𝑠Q (𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐿)))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemupu 7409* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The upper cut of the putative limit is upper. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       ((𝜑𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐿)) → 𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemrnd 7410* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is rounded. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → (∀𝑠Q (𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿) ↔ ∃𝑡Q (𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑡 ∈ (1st𝐿))) ∧ ∀𝑡Q (𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿) ↔ ∃𝑠Q (𝑠 <Q 𝑡𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐿)))))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemdisj 7411* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is disjoint. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → ∀𝑠Q ¬ (𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿) ∧ 𝑠 ∈ (2nd𝐿)))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemloc 7412* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is located. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → ∀𝑠Q𝑡Q (𝑠 <Q 𝑡 → (𝑠 ∈ (1st𝐿) ∨ 𝑡 ∈ (2nd𝐿))))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemcl 7413* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is a positive real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑𝐿P)

Theoremcaucvgprprlemclphr 7414* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is a positive real. Like caucvgprprlemcl 7413 but without a distinct variable constraint between 𝜑 and 𝑟. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑𝐿P)

Theoremcaucvgprprlemexbt 7415* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of showing the putative limit to be a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩    &   (𝜑𝑄Q)    &   (𝜑𝑇P)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐿 +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑄}, {𝑞𝑄 <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P 𝑇)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑏N (((𝐹𝑏) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑏, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑏, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑄}, {𝑞𝑄 <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P 𝑇)

Theoremcaucvgprprlemexb 7416* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of showing the putative limit to be a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩    &   (𝜑𝑄P)    &   (𝜑𝑅N)       (𝜑 → (((𝐿 +P 𝑄) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑅, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑅, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ((𝐹𝑅) +P 𝑄) → ∃𝑏N (((𝐹𝑏) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑏, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑏, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩) +P (𝑄 +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑅, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑅, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩))<P ((𝐹𝑅) +P 𝑄)))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemaddq 7417* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of showing the putative limit to be a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩    &   (𝜑𝑋P)    &   (𝜑𝑄P)    &   (𝜑 → ∃𝑟N (𝑋 +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ((𝐹𝑟) +P 𝑄))       (𝜑𝑋<P (𝐿 +P 𝑄))

Theoremcaucvgprprlem1 7418* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of showing the putative limit to be a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩    &   (𝜑𝑄P)    &   (𝜑𝐽 <N 𝐾)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩<P 𝑄)       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐾)<P (𝐿 +P 𝑄))

Theoremcaucvgprprlem2 7419* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. Part of showing the putative limit to be a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩    &   (𝜑𝑄P)    &   (𝜑𝐽 <N 𝐾)    &   (𝜑 → ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝐽, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩<P 𝑄)       (𝜑𝐿<P ((𝐹𝐾) +P 𝑄))

Theoremcaucvgprprlemlim 7420* Lemma for caucvgprpr 7421. The putative limit is a limit. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐿 = ⟨{𝑙Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ))}, {𝑞 ∣ (𝑙 +Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )) <Q 𝑞}⟩<P (𝐹𝑟)}, {𝑢Q ∣ ∃𝑟N ((𝐹𝑟) +P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑞 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑟, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑞}⟩)<P ⟨{𝑝𝑝 <Q 𝑢}, {𝑞𝑢 <Q 𝑞}⟩}⟩       (𝜑 → ∀𝑥P𝑗N𝑘N (𝑗 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘)<P (𝐿 +P 𝑥) ∧ 𝐿<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P 𝑥))))

Theoremcaucvgprpr 7421* A Cauchy sequence of positive reals with a modulus of convergence converges to a positive real. This is basically Corollary 11.2.13 of [HoTT], p. (varies) (one key difference being that this is for positive reals rather than signed reals). Also, the HoTT book theorem has a modulus of convergence (that is, a rate of convergence) specified by (11.2.9) in HoTT whereas this theorem fixes the rate of convergence to say that all terms after the nth term must be within 1 / 𝑛 of the nth term (it should later be able to prove versions of this theorem with a different fixed rate or a modulus of convergence supplied as a hypothesis). We also specify that every term needs to be larger than a given value 𝐴, to avoid the case where we have positive terms which "converge" to zero (which is not a positive real).

This is similar to caucvgpr 7391 except that values of the sequence are positive reals rather than positive fractions. Reading that proof first (or cauappcvgpr 7371) might help in understanding this one, as they are slightly simpler but similarly structured. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 14-Nov-2020.)

(𝜑𝐹:NP)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛)<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐹𝑘)<P ((𝐹𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴<P (𝐹𝑚))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦P𝑥P𝑗N𝑘N (𝑗 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘)<P (𝑦 +P 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦<P ((𝐹𝑘) +P 𝑥))))

Definitiondf-enr 7422* Define equivalence relation for signed reals. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-1995.)
~R = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (P × P) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (P × P)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 +P 𝑢) = (𝑤 +P 𝑣)))}

Definitiondf-nr 7423 Define class of signed reals. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.2 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-1995.)
R = ((P × P) / ~R )

Definitiondf-plr 7424* Define addition on signed reals. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.3 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-1995.)
+R = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥R𝑦R) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~R𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~R ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨(𝑤 +P 𝑢), (𝑣 +P 𝑓)⟩] ~R ))}

Definitiondf-mr 7425* Define multiplication on signed reals. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.3 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-1995.)
·R = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥R𝑦R) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~R𝑦 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩] ~R ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨((𝑤 ·P 𝑢) +P (𝑣 ·P 𝑓)), ((𝑤 ·P 𝑓) +P (𝑣 ·P 𝑢))⟩] ~R ))}

Definitiondf-ltr 7426* Define ordering relation on signed reals. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.4 of [Gleason] p. 127. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1996.)
<R = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥R𝑦R) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ~R𝑦 = [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝑧 +P 𝑢)<P (𝑤 +P 𝑣)))}

Definitiondf-0r 7427 Define signed real constant 0. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.2 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
0R = [⟨1P, 1P⟩] ~R

Definitiondf-1r 7428 Define signed real constant 1. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. From Proposition 9-4.2 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
1R = [⟨(1P +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R

Definitiondf-m1r 7429 Define signed real constant -1. This is a "temporary" set used in the construction of complex numbers, and is intended to be used only by the construction. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
-1R = [⟨1P, (1P +P 1P)⟩] ~R

Theoremenrbreq 7430 Equivalence relation for signed reals in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-1995.)
(((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ~R𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ (𝐴 +P 𝐷) = (𝐵 +P 𝐶)))

Theoremenrer 7431 The equivalence relation for signed reals is an equivalence relation. Proposition 9-4.1 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Jul-2015.)
~R Er (P × P)

Theoremenreceq 7432 Equivalence class equality of positive fractions in terms of positive integers. (Contributed by NM, 29-Nov-1995.)
(((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~R = [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~R ↔ (𝐴 +P 𝐷) = (𝐵 +P 𝐶)))

Theoremenrex 7433 The equivalence relation for signed reals exists. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-1995.)
~R ∈ V

Theoremltrelsr 7434 Signed real 'less than' is a relation on signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-Feb-1996.)
<R ⊆ (R × R)

((((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) ∧ ((𝐹P𝐺P) ∧ (𝑅P𝑆P))) → (((𝐴 +P 𝐷) = (𝐵 +P 𝐶) ∧ (𝐹 +P 𝑆) = (𝐺 +P 𝑅)) → ⟨(𝐴 +P 𝐹), (𝐵 +P 𝐺)⟩ ~R ⟨(𝐶 +P 𝑅), (𝐷 +P 𝑆)⟩))

Theoremmulcmpblnrlemg 7436 Lemma used in lemma showing compatibility of multiplication. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 1-Jan-2020.)
((((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) ∧ ((𝐹P𝐺P) ∧ (𝑅P𝑆P))) → (((𝐴 +P 𝐷) = (𝐵 +P 𝐶) ∧ (𝐹 +P 𝑆) = (𝐺 +P 𝑅)) → ((𝐷 ·P 𝐹) +P (((𝐴 ·P 𝐹) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐺)) +P ((𝐶 ·P 𝑆) +P (𝐷 ·P 𝑅)))) = ((𝐷 ·P 𝐹) +P (((𝐴 ·P 𝐺) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐹)) +P ((𝐶 ·P 𝑅) +P (𝐷 ·P 𝑆))))))

Theoremmulcmpblnr 7437 Lemma showing compatibility of multiplication. (Contributed by NM, 5-Sep-1995.)
((((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) ∧ ((𝐹P𝐺P) ∧ (𝑅P𝑆P))) → (((𝐴 +P 𝐷) = (𝐵 +P 𝐶) ∧ (𝐹 +P 𝑆) = (𝐺 +P 𝑅)) → ⟨((𝐴 ·P 𝐹) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐺)), ((𝐴 ·P 𝐺) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐹))⟩ ~R ⟨((𝐶 ·P 𝑅) +P (𝐷 ·P 𝑆)), ((𝐶 ·P 𝑆) +P (𝐷 ·P 𝑅))⟩))

Theoremprsrlem1 7438* Decomposing signed reals into positive reals. Lemma for addsrpr 7441 and mulsrpr 7442. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Dec-2019.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R )) ∧ ((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~R𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐴 = [⟨𝑠, 𝑓⟩] ~R𝐵 = [⟨𝑔, ⟩] ~R ))) → ((((𝑤P𝑣P) ∧ (𝑠P𝑓P)) ∧ ((𝑢P𝑡P) ∧ (𝑔PP))) ∧ ((𝑤 +P 𝑓) = (𝑣 +P 𝑠) ∧ (𝑢 +P ) = (𝑡 +P 𝑔))))

Theoremaddsrmo 7439* There is at most one result from adding signed reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R )) → ∃*𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~R𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~R ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨(𝑤 +P 𝑢), (𝑣 +P 𝑡)⟩] ~R ))

Theoremmulsrmo 7440* There is at most one result from multiplying signed reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Dec-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ((P × P) / ~R )) → ∃*𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡((𝐴 = [⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩] ~R𝐵 = [⟨𝑢, 𝑡⟩] ~R ) ∧ 𝑧 = [⟨((𝑤 ·P 𝑢) +P (𝑣 ·P 𝑡)), ((𝑤 ·P 𝑡) +P (𝑣 ·P 𝑢))⟩] ~R ))

Theoremaddsrpr 7441 Addition of signed reals in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~R +R [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~R ) = [⟨(𝐴 +P 𝐶), (𝐵 +P 𝐷)⟩] ~R )

Theoremmulsrpr 7442 Multiplication of signed reals in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 3-Sep-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~R ·R [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~R ) = [⟨((𝐴 ·P 𝐶) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐷)), ((𝐴 ·P 𝐷) +P (𝐵 ·P 𝐶))⟩] ~R )

Theoremltsrprg 7443 Ordering of signed reals in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Jan-2019.)
(((𝐴P𝐵P) ∧ (𝐶P𝐷P)) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~R <R [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ~R ↔ (𝐴 +P 𝐷)<P (𝐵 +P 𝐶)))

Theoremgt0srpr 7444 Greater than zero in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-1996.)
(0R <R [⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] ~R𝐵<P 𝐴)

Theorem0nsr 7445 The empty set is not a signed real. (Contributed by NM, 25-Aug-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Jul-2014.)
¬ ∅ ∈ R

Theorem0r 7446 The constant 0R is a signed real. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
0RR

Theorem1sr 7447 The constant 1R is a signed real. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
1RR

Theoremm1r 7448 The constant -1R is a signed real. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-1995.)
-1RR

Theoremaddclsr 7449 Closure of addition on signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-1995.)
((𝐴R𝐵R) → (𝐴 +R 𝐵) ∈ R)

Theoremmulclsr 7450 Closure of multiplication on signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-1995.)
((𝐴R𝐵R) → (𝐴 ·R 𝐵) ∈ R)

Theoremaddcomsrg 7451 Addition of signed reals is commutative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R) → (𝐴 +R 𝐵) = (𝐵 +R 𝐴))

Theoremaddasssrg 7452 Addition of signed reals is associative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R𝐶R) → ((𝐴 +R 𝐵) +R 𝐶) = (𝐴 +R (𝐵 +R 𝐶)))

Theoremmulcomsrg 7453 Multiplication of signed reals is commutative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R) → (𝐴 ·R 𝐵) = (𝐵 ·R 𝐴))

Theoremmulasssrg 7454 Multiplication of signed reals is associative. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R𝐶R) → ((𝐴 ·R 𝐵) ·R 𝐶) = (𝐴 ·R (𝐵 ·R 𝐶)))

Theoremdistrsrg 7455 Multiplication of signed reals is distributive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R𝐶R) → (𝐴 ·R (𝐵 +R 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 ·R 𝐵) +R (𝐴 ·R 𝐶)))

Theoremm1p1sr 7456 Minus one plus one is zero for signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 5-May-1996.)
(-1R +R 1R) = 0R

Theoremm1m1sr 7457 Minus one times minus one is plus one for signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1996.)
(-1R ·R -1R) = 1R

Theoremlttrsr 7458* Signed real 'less than' is a transitive relation. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jan-2019.)
((𝑓R𝑔RR) → ((𝑓 <R 𝑔𝑔 <R ) → 𝑓 <R ))

Theoremltposr 7459 Signed real 'less than' is a partial order. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jan-2019.)
<R Po R

Theoremltsosr 7460 Signed real 'less than' is a strict ordering. (Contributed by NM, 19-Feb-1996.)
<R Or R

Theorem0lt1sr 7461 0 is less than 1 for signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-1996.)
0R <R 1R

Theorem1ne0sr 7462 1 and 0 are distinct for signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-1996.)
¬ 1R = 0R

Theorem0idsr 7463 The signed real number 0 is an identity element for addition of signed reals. (Contributed by NM, 10-Apr-1996.)
(𝐴R → (𝐴 +R 0R) = 𝐴)

Theorem1idsr 7464 1 is an identity element for multiplication. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 5-Jan-2020.)
(𝐴R → (𝐴 ·R 1R) = 𝐴)

Theorem00sr 7465 A signed real times 0 is 0. (Contributed by NM, 10-Apr-1996.)
(𝐴R → (𝐴 ·R 0R) = 0R)

Theoremltasrg 7466 Ordering property of addition. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1996.)
((𝐴R𝐵R𝐶R) → (𝐴 <R 𝐵 ↔ (𝐶 +R 𝐴) <R (𝐶 +R 𝐵)))

Theorempn0sr 7467 A signed real plus its negative is zero. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1996.)
(𝐴R → (𝐴 +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)) = 0R)

Theoremnegexsr 7468* Existence of negative signed real. Part of Proposition 9-4.3 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 2-May-1996.)
(𝐴R → ∃𝑥R (𝐴 +R 𝑥) = 0R)

Theoremrecexgt0sr 7469* The reciprocal of a positive signed real exists and is positive. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Feb-2020.)
(0R <R 𝐴 → ∃𝑥R (0R <R 𝑥 ∧ (𝐴 ·R 𝑥) = 1R))

Theoremrecexsrlem 7470* The reciprocal of a positive signed real exists. Part of Proposition 9-4.3 of [Gleason] p. 126. (Contributed by NM, 15-May-1996.)
(0R <R 𝐴 → ∃𝑥R (𝐴 ·R 𝑥) = 1R)

Theoremaddgt0sr 7471 The sum of two positive signed reals is positive. (Contributed by NM, 14-May-1996.)
((0R <R 𝐴 ∧ 0R <R 𝐵) → 0R <R (𝐴 +R 𝐵))

Theoremltadd1sr 7472 Adding one to a signed real yields a larger signed real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 7-Jul-2021.)
(𝐴R𝐴 <R (𝐴 +R 1R))

Theoremmulgt0sr 7473 The product of two positive signed reals is positive. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-1996.)
((0R <R 𝐴 ∧ 0R <R 𝐵) → 0R <R (𝐴 ·R 𝐵))

Theoremaptisr 7474 Apartness of signed reals is tight. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jan-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R ∧ ¬ (𝐴 <R 𝐵𝐵 <R 𝐴)) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)

Theoremmulextsr1lem 7475 Lemma for mulextsr1 7476. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Feb-2020.)
(((𝑋P𝑌P) ∧ (𝑍P𝑊P) ∧ (𝑈P𝑉P)) → ((((𝑋 ·P 𝑈) +P (𝑌 ·P 𝑉)) +P ((𝑍 ·P 𝑉) +P (𝑊 ·P 𝑈)))<P (((𝑋 ·P 𝑉) +P (𝑌 ·P 𝑈)) +P ((𝑍 ·P 𝑈) +P (𝑊 ·P 𝑉))) → ((𝑋 +P 𝑊)<P (𝑌 +P 𝑍) ∨ (𝑍 +P 𝑌)<P (𝑊 +P 𝑋))))

Theoremmulextsr1 7476 Strong extensionality of multiplication of signed reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Feb-2020.)
((𝐴R𝐵R𝐶R) → ((𝐴 ·R 𝐶) <R (𝐵 ·R 𝐶) → (𝐴 <R 𝐵𝐵 <R 𝐴)))

Theoremarchsr 7477* For any signed real, there is an integer that is greater than it. This is also known as the "archimedean property". The expression [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑥, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑥, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R is the embedding of the positive integer 𝑥 into the signed reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Apr-2020.)
(𝐴R → ∃𝑥N 𝐴 <R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q [⟨𝑥, 1o⟩] ~Q }, {𝑢 ∣ [⟨𝑥, 1o⟩] ~Q <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R )

Theoremsrpospr 7478* Mapping from a signed real greater than zero to a positive real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jun-2021.)
((𝐴R ∧ 0R <R 𝐴) → ∃!𝑥P [⟨(𝑥 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = 𝐴)

Theoremprsrcl 7479 Mapping from a positive real to a signed real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jun-2021.)
(𝐴P → [⟨(𝐴 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~RR)

Theoremprsrpos 7480 Mapping from a positive real to a signed real yields a result greater than zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jun-2021.)
(𝐴P → 0R <R [⟨(𝐴 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R )

((𝐴P𝐵P) → [⟨((𝐴 +P 𝐵) +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = ([⟨(𝐴 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R +R [⟨(𝐵 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))

Theoremprsrlt 7482 Mapping from positive real ordering to signed real ordering. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jun-2021.)
((𝐴P𝐵P) → (𝐴<P 𝐵 ↔ [⟨(𝐴 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R <R [⟨(𝐵 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))

Theoremprsrriota 7483* Mapping a restricted iota from a positive real to a signed real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jun-2021.)
((𝐴R ∧ 0R <R 𝐴) → [⟨((𝑥P [⟨(𝑥 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = 𝐴) +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = 𝐴)

Theoremcaucvgsrlemcl 7484* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Terms of the sequence from caucvgsrlemgt1 7490 can be mapped to positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))       ((𝜑𝐴N) → (𝑦P (𝐹𝐴) = [⟨(𝑦 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∈ P)

Theoremcaucvgsrlemasr 7485* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. The lower bound is a signed real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 4-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))       (𝜑𝐴R)

Theoremcaucvgsrlemfv 7486* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Coercing sequence value from a positive real to a signed real. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 29-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑥N ↦ (𝑦P (𝐹𝑥) = [⟨(𝑦 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))       ((𝜑𝐴N) → [⟨((𝐺𝐴) +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R = (𝐹𝐴))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemf 7487* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Defining the sequence in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑥N ↦ (𝑦P (𝐹𝑥) = [⟨(𝑦 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))       (𝜑𝐺:NP)

Theoremcaucvgsrlemcau 7488* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Defining the Cauchy condition in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑥N ↦ (𝑦P (𝐹𝑥) = [⟨(𝑦 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐺𝑛)<P ((𝐺𝑘) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩) ∧ (𝐺𝑘)<P ((𝐺𝑛) +P ⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩))))

Theoremcaucvgsrlembound 7489* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Defining the boundedness condition in terms of positive reals. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑥N ↦ (𝑦P (𝐹𝑥) = [⟨(𝑦 +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1P<P (𝐺𝑚))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemgt1 7490* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. A Cauchy sequence whose terms are greater than one converges. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐹𝑚))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦R𝑥R (0R <R 𝑥 → ∃𝑗N𝑖N (𝑗 <N 𝑖 → ((𝐹𝑖) <R (𝑦 +R 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 <R ((𝐹𝑖) +R 𝑥)))))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemoffval 7491* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Offsetting the values of the sequence so they are greater than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑎N ↦ (((𝐹𝑎) +R 1R) +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)))       ((𝜑𝐽N) → ((𝐺𝐽) +R 𝐴) = ((𝐹𝐽) +R 1R))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemofff 7492* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Offsetting the values of the sequence so they are greater than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑎N ↦ (((𝐹𝑎) +R 1R) +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)))       (𝜑𝐺:NR)

Theoremcaucvgsrlemoffcau 7493* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Offsetting the values of the sequence so they are greater than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑎N ↦ (((𝐹𝑎) +R 1R) +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐺𝑛) <R ((𝐺𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐺𝑘) <R ((𝐺𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemoffgt1 7494* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Offsetting the values of the sequence so they are greater than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑎N ↦ (((𝐹𝑎) +R 1R) +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 1R <R (𝐺𝑚))

Theoremcaucvgsrlemoffres 7495* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. Offsetting the values of the sequence so they are greater than one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 3-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))    &   𝐺 = (𝑎N ↦ (((𝐹𝑎) +R 1R) +R (𝐴 ·R -1R)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦R𝑥R (0R <R 𝑥 → ∃𝑗N𝑘N (𝑗 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘) <R (𝑦 +R 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R 𝑥)))))

Theoremcaucvgsrlembnd 7496* Lemma for caucvgsr 7497. A Cauchy sequence with a lower bound converges. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑚N 𝐴 <R (𝐹𝑚))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦R𝑥R (0R <R 𝑥 → ∃𝑗N𝑘N (𝑗 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘) <R (𝑦 +R 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R 𝑥)))))

Theoremcaucvgsr 7497* A Cauchy sequence of signed reals with a modulus of convergence converges to a signed real. This is basically Corollary 11.2.13 of [HoTT], p. (varies). The HoTT book theorem has a modulus of convergence (that is, a rate of convergence) specified by (11.2.9) in HoTT whereas this theorem fixes the rate of convergence to say that all terms after the nth term must be within 1 / 𝑛 of the nth term (it should later be able to prove versions of this theorem with a different fixed rate or a modulus of convergence supplied as a hypothesis).

This is similar to caucvgprpr 7421 but is for signed reals rather than positive reals.

Here is an outline of how we prove it:

1. Choose a lower bound for the sequence (see caucvgsrlembnd 7496).

2. Offset each element of the sequence so that each element of the resulting sequence is greater than one (greater than zero would not suffice, because the limit as well as the elements of the sequence need to be positive) (see caucvgsrlemofff 7492).

3. Since a signed real (element of R) which is greater than zero can be mapped to a positive real (element of P), perform that mapping on each element of the sequence and invoke caucvgprpr 7421 to get a limit (see caucvgsrlemgt1 7490).

4. Map the resulting limit from positive reals back to signed reals (see caucvgsrlemgt1 7490).

5. Offset that limit so that we get the limit of the original sequence rather than the limit of the offsetted sequence (see caucvgsrlemoffres 7495). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jun-2021.)

(𝜑𝐹:NR)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑛N𝑘N (𝑛 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑛) <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ) ∧ (𝐹𝑘) <R ((𝐹𝑛) +R [⟨(⟨{𝑙𝑙 <Q (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q )}, {𝑢 ∣ (*Q‘[⟨𝑛, 1o⟩] ~Q ) <Q 𝑢}⟩ +P 1P), 1P⟩] ~R ))))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑦R𝑥R (0R <R 𝑥 → ∃𝑗N𝑘N (𝑗 <N 𝑘 → ((𝐹𝑘) <R (𝑦 +R 𝑥) ∧ 𝑦 <R ((𝐹𝑘) +R 𝑥)))))

Syntaxcc 7498 Class of complex numbers.
class

Syntaxcr 7499 Class of real numbers.
class

Syntaxcc0 7500 Extend class notation to include the complex number 0.
class 0

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