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Theorem List for Intuitionistic Logic Explorer - 6901-7000   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoreminfeq2 6901 Equality theorem for infimum. (Contributed by AV, 2-Sep-2020.)
 |-  ( B  =  C  -> inf ( A ,  B ,  R )  = inf ( A ,  C ,  R ) )
 
Theoreminfeq3 6902 Equality theorem for infimum. (Contributed by AV, 2-Sep-2020.)
 |-  ( R  =  S  -> inf ( A ,  B ,  R )  = inf ( A ,  B ,  S ) )
 
Theoreminfeq123d 6903 Equality deduction for infimum. (Contributed by AV, 2-Sep-2020.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A  =  D )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  =  E )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  =  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( A ,  B ,  C )  = inf ( D ,  E ,  F ) )
 
Theoremnfinf 6904 Hypothesis builder for infimum. (Contributed by AV, 2-Sep-2020.)
 |-  F/_ x A   &    |-  F/_ x B   &    |-  F/_ x R   =>    |-  F/_ xinf ( A ,  B ,  R )
 
Theoremcnvinfex 6905* Two ways of expressing existence of an infimum (one in terms of converse). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  (
 A. y  e.  B  -.  x `' R y 
 /\  A. y  e.  A  ( y `' R x  ->  E. z  e.  B  y `' R z ) ) )
 
Theoremcnvti 6906* If a relation satisfies a condition corresponding to tightness of an apartness generated by an order, so does its converse. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u `' R v  /\  -.  v `' R u ) ) )
 
Theoremeqinfti 6907* Sufficient condition for an element to be equal to the infimum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  e.  A  /\  A. y  e.  B  -.  y R C  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( C R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) )  -> inf ( B ,  A ,  R )  =  C )
 )
 
Theoremeqinftid 6908* Sufficient condition for an element to be equal to the infimum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  A )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  y  e.  B ) 
 ->  -.  y R C )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  (
 y  e.  A  /\  C R y ) ) 
 ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( B ,  A ,  R )  =  C )
 
Theoreminfvalti 6909* Alternate expression for the infimum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( B ,  A ,  R )  =  ( iota_ x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) ) )
 
Theoreminfclti 6910* An infimum belongs to its base class (closure law). See also inflbti 6911 and infglbti 6912. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 17-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( B ,  A ,  R )  e.  A )
 
Theoreminflbti 6911* An infimum is a lower bound. See also infclti 6910 and infglbti 6912. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( C  e.  B  ->  -.  C Rinf ( B ,  A ,  R ) ) )
 
Theoreminfglbti 6912* An infimum is the greatest lower bound. See also infclti 6910 and inflbti 6911. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  e.  A  /\ inf ( B ,  A ,  R ) R C )  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R C ) )
 
Theoreminfnlbti 6913* A lower bound is not greater than the infimum. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ( C  e.  A  /\  A. z  e.  B  -.  z R C ) 
 ->  -. inf ( B ,  A ,  R ) R C ) )
 
Theoreminfminti 6914* The smallest element of a set is its infimum. Note that the converse is not true; the infimum might not be an element of the set considered. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C  e.  B )   &    |-  (
 ( ph  /\  y  e.  B )  ->  -.  y R C )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( B ,  A ,  R )  =  C )
 
Theoreminfmoti 6915* Any class  B has at most one infimum in  A (where  R is interpreted as 'less than'). (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 18-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E* x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )
 
Theoreminfeuti 6916* An infimum is unique. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E! x  e.  A  (
 A. y  e.  B  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  B  z R y ) ) )
 
Theoreminfsnti 6917* The infimum of a singleton. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A )
 )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  A )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( { B } ,  A ,  R )  =  B )
 
Theoreminf00 6918 The infimum regarding an empty base set is always the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 4-Sep-2020.)
 |- inf
 ( B ,  (/) ,  R )  =  (/)
 
Theoreminfisoti 6919* Image of an infimum under an isomorphism. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 19-Dec-2021.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  Isom  R ,  S  ( A ,  B ) )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  C 
 C_  A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  E. x  e.  A  ( A. y  e.  C  -.  y R x  /\  A. y  e.  A  ( x R y  ->  E. z  e.  C  z R y ) ) )   &    |-  ( ( ph  /\  ( u  e.  A  /\  v  e.  A ) )  ->  ( u  =  v  <->  ( -.  u R v  /\  -.  v R u ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> inf ( ( F " C ) ,  B ,  S )  =  ( F ` inf ( C ,  A ,  R ) ) )
 
2.6.34  Ordinal isomorphism
 
Theoremordiso2 6920 Generalize ordiso 6921 to proper classes. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
 |-  ( ( F  Isom  _E 
 ,  _E  ( A ,  B )  /\  Ord 
 A  /\  Ord  B ) 
 ->  A  =  B )
 
Theoremordiso 6921* Order-isomorphic ordinal numbers are equal. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 16-Oct-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  On  /\  B  e.  On )  ->  ( A  =  B 
 <-> 
 E. f  f  Isom  _E 
 ,  _E  ( A ,  B ) ) )
 
2.6.35  Disjoint union
 
2.6.35.1  Disjoint union
 
Syntaxcdju 6922 Extend class notation to include disjoint union of two classes.
 class  ( A B )
 
Definitiondf-dju 6923 Disjoint union of two classes. This is a way of creating a class which contains elements corresponding to each element of  A or  B, tagging each one with whether it came from  A or  B. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 20-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( A B )  =  ( ( { (/) }  X.  A )  u.  ( { 1o }  X.  B ) )
 
Theoremdjueq12 6924 Equality theorem for disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ( A  =  B  /\  C  =  D )  ->  ( A C )  =  ( B D ) )
 
Theoremdjueq1 6925 Equality theorem for disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( A C )  =  ( B C )
 )
 
Theoremdjueq2 6926 Equality theorem for disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( A  =  B  ->  ( C A )  =  ( C B )
 )
 
Theoremnfdju 6927 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.)
 |-  F/_ x A   &    |-  F/_ x B   =>    |-  F/_ x ( A B )
 
Theoremdjuex 6928 The disjoint union of sets is a set. See also the more precise djuss 6955. (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  ( A B )  e.  _V )
 
Theoremdjuexb 6929 The disjoint union of two classes is a set iff both classes are sets. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 6-Sep-2023.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  _V 
 /\  B  e.  _V ) 
 <->  ( A B )  e.  _V )
 
2.6.35.2  Left and right injections of a disjoint union

In this section, we define the left and right injections of a disjoint union and prove their main properties. These injections are restrictions of the "template" functions inl and inr, which appear in most applications in the form  (inl  |`  A ) and  (inr  |`  B ).

 
Syntaxcinl 6930 Extend class notation to include left injection of a disjoint union.
 class inl
 
Syntaxcinr 6931 Extend class notation to include right injection of a disjoint union.
 class inr
 
Definitiondf-inl 6932 Left injection of a disjoint union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Jun-2022.)
 |- inl 
 =  ( x  e. 
 _V  |->  <. (/) ,  x >. )
 
Definitiondf-inr 6933 Right injection of a disjoint union. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Jun-2022.)
 |- inr 
 =  ( x  e. 
 _V  |->  <. 1o ,  x >. )
 
Theoremdjulclr 6934 Left closure of disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.) (Revised by BJ, 6-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  A  ->  ( (inl  |`  A ) `
  C )  e.  ( A B )
 )
 
Theoremdjurclr 6935 Right closure of disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.) (Revised by BJ, 6-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  B  ->  ( (inr  |`  B ) `
  C )  e.  ( A B )
 )
 
Theoremdjulcl 6936 Left closure of disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  A  ->  (inl `  C )  e.  ( A B )
 )
 
Theoremdjurcl 6937 Right closure of disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  B  ->  (inr `  C )  e.  ( A B )
 )
 
Theoremdjuf1olem 6938* Lemma for djulf1o 6943 and djurf1o 6944. (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 4-Jul-2022.)
 |-  X  e.  _V   &    |-  F  =  ( x  e.  A  |->  <. X ,  x >. )   =>    |-  F : A -1-1-onto-> ( { X }  X.  A )
 
Theoremdjuf1olemr 6939* Lemma for djulf1or 6941 and djurf1or 6942. For a version of this lemma with  F defined on  A and no restriction in the conclusion, see djuf1olem 6938. (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 4-Jul-2022.)
 |-  X  e.  _V   &    |-  F  =  ( x  e.  _V  |->  <. X ,  x >. )   =>    |-  ( F  |`  A ) : A -1-1-onto-> ( { X }  X.  A )
 
Theoremdjulclb 6940 Left biconditional closure of disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  V  ->  ( C  e.  A  <->  (inl `  C )  e.  ( A B ) ) )
 
Theoremdjulf1or 6941 The left injection function on all sets is one to one and onto. (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.)
 |-  (inl  |`  A ) : A -1-1-onto-> ( { (/) }  X.  A )
 
Theoremdjurf1or 6942 The right injection function on all sets is one to one and onto. (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.)
 |-  (inr  |`  A ) : A -1-1-onto-> ( { 1o }  X.  A )
 
Theoremdjulf1o 6943 The left injection function on all sets is one to one and onto. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.)
 |- inl : _V
 -1-1-onto-> ( { (/) }  X.  _V )
 
Theoremdjurf1o 6944 The right injection function on all sets is one to one and onto. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.)
 |- inr : _V
 -1-1-onto-> ( { 1o }  X.  _V )
 
Theoreminresflem 6945* Lemma for inlresf1 6946 and inrresf1 6947. (Contributed by BJ, 4-Jul-2022.)
 |-  F : A -1-1-onto-> ( { X }  X.  A )   &    |-  ( x  e.  A  ->  ( F `  x )  e.  B )   =>    |-  F : A -1-1-> B
 
Theoreminlresf1 6946 The left injection restricted to the left class of a disjoint union is an injective function from the left class into the disjoint union. (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2022.)
 |-  (inl  |`  A ) : A -1-1-> ( A B )
 
Theoreminrresf1 6947 The right injection restricted to the right class of a disjoint union is an injective function from the right class into the disjoint union. (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2022.)
 |-  (inr  |`  B ) : B -1-1-> ( A B )
 
Theoremdjuinr 6948 The ranges of any left and right injections are disjoint. Remark: the extra generality offered by the two restrictions makes the theorem more readily usable (e.g., by djudom 6978 and djufun 6989) while the simpler statement  |-  ( ran inl  i^i 
ran inr )  =  (/) is easily recovered from it by substituting  _V for both  A and  B as done in casefun 6970). (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ran  (inl  |`  A )  i^i  ran  (inr  |`  B ) )  =  (/)
 
Theoremdjuin 6949 The images of any classes under right and left injection produce disjoint sets. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 21-Jun-2022.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 9-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( (inl " A )  i^i  (inr " B ) )  =  (/)
 
Theoreminl11 6950 Left injection is one-to-one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  ( (inl `  A )  =  (inl `  B )  <->  A  =  B ) )
 
Theoremdjuunr 6951 The disjoint union of two classes is the union of the images of those two classes under right and left injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 6-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ran  (inl  |`  A )  u.  ran  (inr  |`  B ) )  =  ( A B )
 
Theoremdjuun 6952 The disjoint union of two classes is the union of the images of those two classes under right and left injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 22-Jun-2022.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 9-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( (inl " A )  u.  (inr " B ) )  =  ( A B )
 
Theoremeldju 6953* Element of a disjoint union. (Contributed by BJ and Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( C  e.  ( A B )  <->  ( E. x  e.  A  C  =  ( (inl  |`  A ) `  x )  \/  E. x  e.  B  C  =  ( (inr  |`  B ) `  x ) ) )
 
Theoremdjur 6954* A member of a disjoint union can be mapped from one of the classes which produced it. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 23-Jun-2022.) Upgrade implication to biconditional and shorten proof. (Revised by BJ, 14-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( C  e.  ( A B )  <->  ( E. x  e.  A  C  =  (inl `  x )  \/  E. x  e.  B  C  =  (inr `  x )
 ) )
 
2.6.35.3  Universal property of the disjoint union
 
Theoremdjuss 6955 A disjoint union is a subset of a Cartesian product. (Contributed by AV, 25-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( A B )  C_  ( { (/) ,  1o }  X.  ( A  u.  B ) )
 
Theoremeldju1st 6956 The first component of an element of a disjoint union is either  (/) or  1o. (Contributed by AV, 26-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( X  e.  ( A B )  ->  (
 ( 1st `  X )  =  (/)  \/  ( 1st `  X )  =  1o ) )
 
Theoremeldju2ndl 6957 The second component of an element of a disjoint union is an element of the left class of the disjoint union if its first component is the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 26-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ( X  e.  ( A B )  /\  ( 1st `  X )  =  (/) )  ->  ( 2nd `  X )  e.  A )
 
Theoremeldju2ndr 6958 The second component of an element of a disjoint union is an element of the right class of the disjoint union if its first component is not the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 26-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ( X  e.  ( A B )  /\  ( 1st `  X )  =/= 
 (/) )  ->  ( 2nd `  X )  e.  B )
 
Theorem1stinl 6959 The first component of the value of a left injection is the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( X  e.  V  ->  ( 1st `  (inl `  X ) )  =  (/) )
 
Theorem2ndinl 6960 The second component of the value of a left injection is its argument. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( X  e.  V  ->  ( 2nd `  (inl `  X ) )  =  X )
 
Theorem1stinr 6961 The first component of the value of a right injection is  1o. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( X  e.  V  ->  ( 1st `  (inr `  X ) )  =  1o )
 
Theorem2ndinr 6962 The second component of the value of a right injection is its argument. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( X  e.  V  ->  ( 2nd `  (inr `  X ) )  =  X )
 
Theoremdjune 6963 Left and right injection never produce equal values. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 2-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  (inl `  A )  =/=  (inr `  B ) )
 
Theoremupdjudhf 6964* The mapping of an element of the disjoint union to the value of the corresponding function is a function. (Contributed by AV, 26-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B --> C )   &    |-  H  =  ( x  e.  ( A B )  |->  if (
 ( 1st `  x )  =  (/) ,  ( F `
  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ,  ( G `  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  H :
 ( A B ) --> C )
 
Theoremupdjudhcoinlf 6965* The composition of the mapping of an element of the disjoint union to the value of the corresponding function and the left injection equals the first function. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B --> C )   &    |-  H  =  ( x  e.  ( A B )  |->  if (
 ( 1st `  x )  =  (/) ,  ( F `
  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ,  ( G `  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( H  o.  (inl  |`  A ) )  =  F )
 
Theoremupdjudhcoinrg 6966* The composition of the mapping of an element of the disjoint union to the value of the corresponding function and the right injection equals the second function. (Contributed by AV, 27-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B --> C )   &    |-  H  =  ( x  e.  ( A B )  |->  if (
 ( 1st `  x )  =  (/) ,  ( F `
  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ,  ( G `  ( 2nd `  x ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( H  o.  (inr  |`  B ) )  =  G )
 
Theoremupdjud 6967* Universal property of the disjoint union. (Proposed by BJ, 25-Jun-2022.) (Contributed by AV, 28-Jun-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B --> C )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  V )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  W )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E! h ( h :
 ( A B ) --> C  /\  ( h  o.  (inl  |`  A ) )  =  F  /\  ( h  o.  (inr  |`  B ) )  =  G ) )
 
Syntaxcdjucase 6968 Syntax for the "case" construction.
 class case ( R ,  S )
 
Definitiondf-case 6969 The "case" construction: if  F : A --> X and  G : B --> X are functions, then case ( F ,  G
) : ( A B ) --> X is the natural function obtained by a definition by cases, hence the name. It is the unique function whose existence is asserted by the universal property of disjoint unions updjud 6967. The definition is adapted to make sense also for binary relations (where the universal property also holds). (Contributed by MC and BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |- case
 ( R ,  S )  =  ( ( R  o.  `'inl )  u.  ( S  o.  `'inr ) )
 
Theoremcasefun 6970 The "case" construction of two functions is a function. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  G )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun case ( F ,  G ) )
 
Theoremcasedm 6971 The domain of the "case" construction is the disjoint union of the domains. TODO (although less important):  |-  ran case ( F ,  G )  =  ( ran  F  u.  ran  G ). (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |- 
 dom case ( F ,  G )  =  ( dom  F dom  G )
 
Theoremcaserel 6972 The "case" construction of two relations is a relation, with bounds on its domain and codomain. Typically, the "case" construction is used when both relations have a common codomain. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |- case
 ( R ,  S )  C_  ( ( dom 
 R dom  S )  X.  ( ran  R  u.  ran  S ) )
 
Theoremcasef 6973 The "case" construction of two functions is a function on the disjoint union of their domains. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A --> X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B --> X )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> case ( F ,  G ) : ( A B ) --> X )
 
Theoremcaseinj 6974 The "case" construction of two injective relations with disjoint ranges is an injective relation. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `' R )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `' S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ran  R  i^i  ran  S )  =  (/) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `'case ( R ,  S ) )
 
Theoremcasef1 6975 The "case" construction of two injective functions with disjoint ranges is an injective function. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : A -1-1-> X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G : B -1-1-> X )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ran  F  i^i  ran  G )  =  (/) )   =>    |-  ( ph  -> case ( F ,  G ) : ( A B ) -1-1-> X )
 
Theoremcaseinl 6976 Applying the "case" construction to a left injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Mar-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F  Fn  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun 
 G )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (case ( F ,  G ) `  (inl `  A ) )  =  ( F `  A ) )
 
Theoremcaseinr 6977 Applying the "case" construction to a right injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 12-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  G  Fn  B )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A  e.  B )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  (case ( F ,  G ) `  (inr `  A ) )  =  ( G `  A ) )
 
2.6.35.4  Dominance and equinumerosity properties of disjoint union
 
Theoremdjudom 6978 Dominance law for disjoint union. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 25-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ( A  ~<_  B  /\  C 
 ~<_  D )  ->  ( A C )  ~<_  ( B D ) )
 
Theoremomp1eomlem 6979* Lemma for omp1eom 6980. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 11-Jul-2023.)
 |-  F  =  ( x  e.  om  |->  if ( x  =  (/) ,  (inr `  x ) ,  (inl ` 
 U. x ) ) )   &    |-  S  =  ( x  e.  om  |->  suc 
 x )   &    |-  G  = case ( S ,  (  _I  |` 
 1o ) )   =>    |-  F : om -1-1-onto-> ( om 1o )
 
Theoremomp1eom 6980 Adding one to  om. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( om 1o )  ~~  om
 
Theoremendjusym 6981 Reversing right and left operands of a disjoint union produces an equinumerous result. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 10-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( ( A  e.  V  /\  B  e.  W )  ->  ( A B ) 
 ~~  ( B A ) )
 
Theoremeninl 6982 Equinumerosity of a set and its image under left injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( A  e.  V  ->  (inl " A )  ~~  A )
 
Theoremeninr 6983 Equinumerosity of a set and its image under right injection. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Jul-2023.)
 |-  ( A  e.  V  ->  (inr " A )  ~~  A )
 
Theoremdifinfsnlem 6984* Lemma for difinfsn 6985. The case where we need to swap  B and  (inr `  (/) ) in building the mapping  G. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 9-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  A. x  e.  A  A. y  e.  A DECID  x  =  y )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  B  e.  A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : ( om 1o ) -1-1-> A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( F `  (inr `  (/) ) )  =/=  B )   &    |-  G  =  ( n  e.  om  |->  if (
 ( F `  (inl `  n ) )  =  B ,  ( F `
  (inr `  (/) ) ) ,  ( F `  (inl `  n ) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G : om -1-1-> ( A  \  { B } ) )
 
Theoremdifinfsn 6985* An infinite set minus one element is infinite. We require that the set has decidable equality. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( ( A. x  e.  A  A. y  e.  A DECID  x  =  y  /\  om  ~<_  A  /\  B  e.  A )  ->  om  ~<_  ( A 
 \  { B }
 ) )
 
Theoremdifinfinf 6986* An infinite set minus a finite subset is infinite. We require that the set has decidable equality. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 8-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( ( ( A. x  e.  A  A. y  e.  A DECID  x  =  y  /\  om  ~<_  A )  /\  ( B  C_  A  /\  B  e.  Fin ) )  ->  om 
 ~<_  ( A  \  B ) )
 
2.6.35.5  Older definition temporarily kept for comparison, to be deleted
 
Syntaxcdjud 6987 Syntax for the domain-disjoint-union of two relations.
 class  ( R ⊔d  S )
 
Definitiondf-djud 6988 The "domain-disjoint-union" of two relations: if  R  C_  ( A  X.  X
) and  S  C_  ( B  X.  X ) are two binary relations, then  ( R ⊔d  S ) is the binary relation from  ( A B ) to  X having the universal property of disjoint unions (see updjud 6967 in the case of functions).

Remark: the restrictions to 
dom  R (resp.  dom  S) are not necessary since extra stuff would be thrown away in the post-composition with  R (resp.  S), as in df-case 6969, but they are explicitly written for clarity. (Contributed by MC and BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)

 |-  ( R ⊔d  S )  =  ( ( R  o.  `' (inl  |`  dom  R ) )  u.  ( S  o.  `' (inr  |`  dom  S ) ) )
 
Theoremdjufun 6989 The "domain-disjoint-union" of two functions is a function. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  F )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  G )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  ( F ⊔d  G ) )
 
Theoremdjudm 6990 The domain of the "domain-disjoint-union" is the disjoint union of the domains. Remark: its range is the (standard) union of the ranges. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |- 
 dom  ( F ⊔d  G )  =  ( dom  F dom 
 G )
 
Theoremdjuinj 6991 The "domain-disjoint-union" of two injective relations with disjoint ranges is an injective relation. (Contributed by BJ, 10-Jul-2022.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `' R )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `' S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  ( ran  R  i^i  ran  S )  =  (/) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  Fun  `' ( R ⊔d  S )
 )
 
2.6.35.6  Countable sets
 
Theorem0ct 6992 The empty set is countable. Remark of [BauerSwan], p. 14:3 which also has the definition of countable used here. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Mar-2023.)
 |- 
 E. f  f : om -onto-> ( (/) 1o )
 
Theoremctmlemr 6993* Lemma for ctm 6994. One of the directions of the biconditional. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Mar-2023.)
 |-  ( E. x  x  e.  A  ->  ( E. f  f : om -onto-> A  ->  E. f  f : om -onto-> ( A 1o ) ) )
 
Theoremctm 6994* Two equivalent definitions of countable for an inhabited set. Remark of [BauerSwan], p. 14:3. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Mar-2023.)
 |-  ( E. x  x  e.  A  ->  ( E. f  f : om -onto-> ( A 1o )  <->  E. f  f : om -onto-> A ) )
 
Theoremctssdclemn0 6995* Lemma for ctssdc 6998. The  -.  (/)  e.  S case. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  S  C_ 
 om )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  A. n  e.  om DECID  n  e.  S )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  F : S -onto-> A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  -.  (/)  e.  S )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  E. g  g : om -onto-> ( A 1o ) )
 
Theoremctssdccl 6996* A mapping from a decidable subset of the natural numbers onto a countable set. This is similar to one direction of ctssdc 6998 but expressed in terms of classes rather than  E.. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 30-Oct-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : om -onto-> ( A 1o )
 )   &    |-  S  =  { x  e.  om  |  ( F `
  x )  e.  (inl " A ) }   &    |-  G  =  ( `'inl  o.  F )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  ( S  C_  om  /\  G : S -onto-> A  /\  A. n  e.  om DECID  n  e.  S ) )
 
Theoremctssdclemr 6997* Lemma for ctssdc 6998. Showing that our usual definition of countable implies the alternate one. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 16-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( E. f  f : om -onto-> ( A 1o )  ->  E. s
 ( s  C_  om  /\  E. f  f : s
 -onto-> A  /\  A. n  e.  om DECID  n  e.  s ) )
 
Theoremctssdc 6998* A set is countable iff there is a surjection from a decidable subset of the natural numbers onto it. The decidability condition is needed as shown at ctssexmid 7024. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 15-Aug-2023.)
 |-  ( E. s ( s  C_  om  /\  E. f  f : s -onto-> A 
 /\  A. n  e.  om DECID  n  e.  s )  <->  E. f  f : om -onto-> ( A 1o )
 )
 
Theoremenumctlemm 6999* Lemma for enumct 7000. The case where  N is greater than zero. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Mar-2023.)
 |-  ( ph  ->  F : N -onto-> A )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  N  e.  om )   &    |-  ( ph  ->  (/)  e.  N )   &    |-  G  =  ( k  e.  om  |->  if ( k  e.  N ,  ( F `
  k ) ,  ( F `  (/) ) ) )   =>    |-  ( ph  ->  G : om -onto-> A )
 
Theoremenumct 7000* A finitely enumerable set is countable. Lemma 8.1.14 of [AczelRathjen], p. 73 (except that our definition of countable does not require the set to be inhabited). "Finitely enumerable" is defined as  E. n  e. 
om E. f f : n -onto-> A per Definition 8.1.4 of [AczelRathjen], p. 71 and "countable" is defined as  E. g g : om -onto-> ( A 1o ) per [BauerSwan], p. 14:3. (Contributed by Jim Kingdon, 13-Mar-2023.)
 |-  ( E. n  e. 
 om  E. f  f : n -onto-> A  ->  E. g  g : om -onto-> ( A 1o ) )
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