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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 12001-12100   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremnn0zi 12001 A nonnegative integer is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Feb-2014.)
𝑁 ∈ ℕ0       𝑁 ∈ ℤ

Theoremelnnz1 12002 Positive integer property expressed in terms of integers. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ ↔ (𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 1 ≤ 𝑁))

Theoremznnnlt1 12003 An integer is not a positive integer iff it is less than one. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jul-2005.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (¬ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ ↔ 𝑁 < 1))

Theoremnnzrab 12004 Positive integers expressed as a subset of integers. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2004.)
ℕ = {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ 1 ≤ 𝑥}

Theoremnn0zrab 12005 Nonnegative integers expressed as a subset of integers. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2004.)
0 = {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ 0 ≤ 𝑥}

Theorem1z 12006 One is an integer. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.)
1 ∈ ℤ

Theorem1zzd 12007 One is an integer, deduction form. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 6-Dec-2018.)
(𝜑 → 1 ∈ ℤ)

Theorem2z 12008 2 is an integer. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.)
2 ∈ ℤ

Theorem3z 12009 3 is an integer. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 8-Dec-2018.)
3 ∈ ℤ

Theorem4z 12010 4 is an integer. (Contributed by BJ, 26-Mar-2020.)
4 ∈ ℤ

Theoremznegcl 12011 Closure law for negative integers. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → -𝑁 ∈ ℤ)

Theoremneg1z 12012 -1 is an integer. (Contributed by David A. Wheeler, 5-Dec-2018.)
-1 ∈ ℤ

Theoremznegclb 12013 A complex number is an integer iff its negative is. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 13-Sep-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 ∈ ℤ ↔ -𝐴 ∈ ℤ))

Theoremnn0negz 12014 The negative of a nonnegative integer is an integer. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → -𝑁 ∈ ℤ)

Theoremnn0negzi 12015 The negative of a nonnegative integer is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Feb-2014.)
𝑁 ∈ ℕ0       -𝑁 ∈ ℤ

Theoremzaddcl 12016 Closure of addition of integers. (Contributed by NM, 9-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 + 𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theorempeano2z 12017 Second Peano postulate generalized to integers. (Contributed by NM, 13-Feb-2005.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 + 1) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzsubcl 12018 Closure of subtraction of integers. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theorempeano2zm 12019 "Reverse" second Peano postulate for integers. (Contributed by NM, 12-Sep-2005.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 − 1) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzletr 12020 Transitive law of ordering for integers. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 3-Apr-2018.)
((𝐽 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐿 ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐽𝐾𝐾𝐿) → 𝐽𝐿))

Theoremzrevaddcl 12021 Reverse closure law for addition of integers. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝑀 ∈ ℂ ∧ (𝑀 + 𝑁) ∈ ℤ) ↔ 𝑀 ∈ ℤ))

Theoremznnsub 12022 The positive difference of unequal integers is a positive integer. (Generalization of nnsub 11675.) (Contributed by NM, 11-May-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝑁𝑀) ∈ ℕ))

Theoremznn0sub 12023 The nonnegative difference of integers is a nonnegative integer. (Generalization of nn0sub 11941.) (Contributed by NM, 14-Jul-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑁𝑀) ∈ ℕ0))

Theoremnzadd 12024 The sum of a real number not being an integer and an integer is not an integer. (Contributed by AV, 19-Jul-2021.)
((𝐴 ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℤ) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ (ℝ ∖ ℤ))

Theoremzmulcl 12025 Closure of multiplication of integers. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jul-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 · 𝑁) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzltp1le 12026 Integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝑀 + 1) ≤ 𝑁))

Theoremzleltp1 12027 Integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁𝑀 < (𝑁 + 1)))

Theoremzlem1lt 12028 Integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑀 − 1) < 𝑁))

Theoremzltlem1 12029 Integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Nov-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁𝑀 ≤ (𝑁 − 1)))

Theoremzgt0ge1 12030 An integer greater than 0 is greater than or equal to 1. (Contributed by AV, 14-Oct-2018.)
(𝑍 ∈ ℤ → (0 < 𝑍 ↔ 1 ≤ 𝑍))

Theoremnnleltp1 12031 Positive integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 13-Aug-2001.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴𝐵𝐴 < (𝐵 + 1)))

Theoremnnltp1le 12032 Positive integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-2001.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 + 1) ≤ 𝐵))

Theoremnnaddm1cl 12033 Closure of addition of positive integers minus one. (Contributed by NM, 6-Aug-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) − 1) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremnn0ltp1le 12034 Nonnegative integer ordering relation. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Dec-2002.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑀 < 𝑁 ↔ (𝑀 + 1) ≤ 𝑁))

Theoremnn0leltp1 12035 Nonnegative integer ordering relation. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Apr-2004.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑀𝑁𝑀 < (𝑁 + 1)))

Theoremnn0ltlem1 12036 Nonnegative integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 16-May-2014.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑀 < 𝑁𝑀 ≤ (𝑁 − 1)))

Theoremnn0sub2 12037 Subtraction of nonnegative integers. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑀𝑁) → (𝑁𝑀) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremnn0lt10b 12038 A nonnegative integer less than 1 is 0. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 22-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by OpenAI, 25-Mar-2020.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 < 1 ↔ 𝑁 = 0))

Theoremnn0lt2 12039 A nonnegative integer less than 2 must be 0 or 1. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Sep-2018.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 < 2) → (𝑁 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 1))

Theoremnn0le2is012 12040 A nonnegative integer which is less than or equal to 2 is either 0 or 1 or 2. (Contributed by AV, 16-Mar-2019.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ≤ 2) → (𝑁 = 0 ∨ 𝑁 = 1 ∨ 𝑁 = 2))

Theoremnn0lem1lt 12041 Nonnegative integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ0𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑀 − 1) < 𝑁))

Theoremnnlem1lt 12042 Positive integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑀𝑁 ↔ (𝑀 − 1) < 𝑁))

Theoremnnltlem1 12043 Positive integer ordering relation. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑀 < 𝑁𝑀 ≤ (𝑁 − 1)))

Theoremnnm1ge0 12044 A positive integer decreased by 1 is greater than or equal to 0. (Contributed by AV, 30-Oct-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → 0 ≤ (𝑁 − 1))

Theoremnn0ge0div 12045 Division of a nonnegative integer by a positive number is not negative. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Apr-2018.)
((𝐾 ∈ ℕ0𝐿 ∈ ℕ) → 0 ≤ (𝐾 / 𝐿))

Theoremzdiv 12046* Two ways to express "𝑀 divides 𝑁. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2008.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) → (∃𝑘 ∈ ℤ (𝑀 · 𝑘) = 𝑁 ↔ (𝑁 / 𝑀) ∈ ℤ))

Theoremzdivadd 12047 Property of divisibility: if 𝐷 divides 𝐴 and 𝐵 then it divides 𝐴 + 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2008.)
(((𝐷 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ ((𝐴 / 𝐷) ∈ ℤ ∧ (𝐵 / 𝐷) ∈ ℤ)) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) / 𝐷) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzdivmul 12048 Property of divisibility: if 𝐷 divides 𝐴 then it divides 𝐵 · 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2008.)
(((𝐷 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝐴 / 𝐷) ∈ ℤ) → ((𝐵 · 𝐴) / 𝐷) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzextle 12049* An extensionality-like property for integer ordering. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℤ (𝑘𝑀𝑘𝑁)) → 𝑀 = 𝑁)

Theoremzextlt 12050* An extensionality-like property for integer ordering. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2005.)
((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ ℤ (𝑘 < 𝑀𝑘 < 𝑁)) → 𝑀 = 𝑁)

Theoremrecnz 12051 The reciprocal of a number greater than 1 is not an integer. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 1 < 𝐴) → ¬ (1 / 𝐴) ∈ ℤ)

Theorembtwnnz 12052 A number between an integer and its successor is not an integer. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵𝐵 < (𝐴 + 1)) → ¬ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ)

Theoremgtndiv 12053 A larger number does not divide a smaller positive integer. (Contributed by NM, 3-May-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 < 𝐴) → ¬ (𝐵 / 𝐴) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremhalfnz 12054 One-half is not an integer. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.)
¬ (1 / 2) ∈ ℤ

Theorem3halfnz 12055 Three halves is not an integer. (Contributed by AV, 2-Jun-2020.)
¬ (3 / 2) ∈ ℤ

Theoremsuprzcl 12056* The supremum of a bounded-above set of integers is a member of the set. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 21-Mar-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jun-2015.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦𝑥) → sup(𝐴, ℝ, < ) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremprime 12057* Two ways to express "𝐴 is a prime number (or 1)." See also isprm 16011. (Contributed by NM, 4-May-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℕ → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℕ ((𝐴 / 𝑥) ∈ ℕ → (𝑥 = 1 ∨ 𝑥 = 𝐴)) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℕ ((1 < 𝑥𝑥𝐴 ∧ (𝐴 / 𝑥) ∈ ℕ) → 𝑥 = 𝐴)))

Theoremmsqznn 12058 The square of a nonzero integer is a positive integer. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → (𝐴 · 𝐴) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremzneo 12059 No even integer equals an odd integer (i.e. no integer can be both even and odd). Exercise 10(a) of [Apostol] p. 28. (Contributed by NM, 31-Jul-2004.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 18-May-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℤ) → (2 · 𝐴) ≠ ((2 · 𝐵) + 1))

Theoremnneo 12060 A positive integer is even or odd but not both. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 18-May-2014.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ → ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℕ ↔ ¬ ((𝑁 + 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ))

Theoremnneoi 12061 A positive integer is even or odd but not both. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2001.)
𝑁 ∈ ℕ       ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℕ ↔ ¬ ((𝑁 + 1) / 2) ∈ ℕ)

Theoremzeo 12062 An integer is even or odd. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2006.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℤ ∨ ((𝑁 + 1) / 2) ∈ ℤ))

Theoremzeo2 12063 An integer is even or odd but not both. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝑁 / 2) ∈ ℤ ↔ ¬ ((𝑁 + 1) / 2) ∈ ℤ))

Theorempeano2uz2 12064* Second Peano postulate for upper integers. (Contributed by NM, 3-Oct-2004.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝐴𝑥}) → (𝐵 + 1) ∈ {𝑥 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝐴𝑥})

Theorempeano5uzi 12065* Peano's inductive postulate for upper integers. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 3-May-2014.)
𝑁 ∈ ℤ       ((𝑁𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → {𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝑁𝑘} ⊆ 𝐴)

Theorempeano5uzti 12066* Peano's inductive postulate for upper integers. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jul-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jul-2013.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → ((𝑁𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑥 + 1) ∈ 𝐴) → {𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝑁𝑘} ⊆ 𝐴))

Theoremdfuzi 12067* An expression for the upper integers that start at 𝑁 that is analogous to dfnn2 11645 for positive integers. (Contributed by NM, 6-Jul-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 3-May-2014.)
𝑁 ∈ ℤ       {𝑧 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝑁𝑧} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑁𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑥 (𝑦 + 1) ∈ 𝑥)}

Theoremuzind 12068* Induction on the upper integers that start at 𝑀. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 5-Jul-2005.)
(𝑗 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝜓)    &   ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀𝑘) → (𝜒𝜃))       ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀𝑁) → 𝜏)

Theoremuzind2 12069* Induction on the upper integers that start after an integer 𝑀. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 25-Jul-2005.)
(𝑗 = (𝑀 + 1) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑘 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑘 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝜓)    &   ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 < 𝑘) → (𝜒𝜃))       ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀 < 𝑁) → 𝜏)

Theoremuzind3 12070* Induction on the upper integers that start at an integer 𝑀. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need, and the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-2005.)
(𝑗 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑚 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑗 = (𝑚 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑗 = 𝑁 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑀 ∈ ℤ → 𝜓)    &   ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑚 ∈ {𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝑀𝑘}) → (𝜒𝜃))       ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ {𝑘 ∈ ℤ ∣ 𝑀𝑘}) → 𝜏)

Theoremnn0ind 12071* Principle of Mathematical Induction (inference schema) on nonnegative integers. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by NM, 13-May-2004.)
(𝑥 = 0 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   𝜓    &   (𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝜏)

Theoremnn0indALT 12072* Principle of Mathematical Induction (inference schema) on nonnegative integers. The last four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the first two are the basis and the induction step. Either nn0ind 12071 or nn0indALT 12072 may be used; see comment for nnind 11650. (Contributed by NM, 28-Nov-2005.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 0 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜏))       (𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝜏)

Theoremnn0indd 12073* Principle of Mathematical Induction (inference schema) on nonnegative integers, a deduction version. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Mar-2018.)
(𝑥 = 0 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜓𝜏))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜂))    &   (𝜑𝜒)    &   (((𝜑𝑦 ∈ ℕ0) ∧ 𝜃) → 𝜏)       ((𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝜂)

Theoremfzind 12074* Induction on the integers from 𝑀 to 𝑁 inclusive . The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 31-Mar-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝑀 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐾 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   ((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀𝑁) → 𝜓)    &   (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝑦 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀𝑦𝑦 < 𝑁)) → (𝜒𝜃))       (((𝑀 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℤ) ∧ (𝐾 ∈ ℤ ∧ 𝑀𝐾𝐾𝑁)) → 𝜏)

Theoremfnn0ind 12075* Induction on the integers from 0 to 𝑁 inclusive. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 31-Mar-2011.)
(𝑥 = 0 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐾 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝜓)    &   ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑦 ∈ ℕ0𝑦 < 𝑁) → (𝜒𝜃))       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐾 ∈ ℕ0𝐾𝑁) → 𝜏)

Theoremnn0ind-raph 12076* Principle of Mathematical Induction (inference schema) on nonnegative integers. The first four hypotheses give us the substitution instances we need; the last two are the basis and the induction step. Raph Levien remarks: "This seems a bit painful. I wonder if an explicit substitution version would be easier." (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Apr-2004.)
(𝑥 = 0 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   𝜓    &   (𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝐴 ∈ ℕ0𝜏)

Theoremzindd 12077* Principle of Mathematical Induction on all integers, deduction version. The first five hypotheses give the substitutions; the last three are the basis, the induction, and the extension to negative numbers. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 17-Apr-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝑥 = 0 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = (𝑦 + 1) → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝑥 = -𝑦 → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜂))    &   (𝜁𝜓)    &   (𝜁 → (𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝜒𝜏)))    &   (𝜁 → (𝑦 ∈ ℕ → (𝜒𝜃)))       (𝜁 → (𝐴 ∈ ℤ → 𝜂))

Theorembtwnz 12078* Any real number can be sandwiched between two integers. Exercise 2 of [Apostol] p. 28. (Contributed by NM, 10-Nov-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (∃𝑥 ∈ ℤ 𝑥 < 𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℤ 𝐴 < 𝑦))

Theoremnn0zd 12079 A positive integer is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)

Theoremnnzd 12080 A nonnegative integer is an integer. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzred 12081 An integer is a real number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)

Theoremzcnd 12082 An integer is a complex number. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)

Theoremznegcld 12083 Closure law for negative integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → -𝐴 ∈ ℤ)

Theorempeano2zd 12084 Deduction from second Peano postulate generalized to integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 1) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzaddcld 12085 Closure of addition of integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + 𝐵) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzsubcld 12086 Closure of subtraction of integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzmulcld 12087 Closure of multiplication of integers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremznnn0nn 12088 The negative of a negative integer, is a natural number. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.)
((𝑁 ∈ ℤ ∧ ¬ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → -𝑁 ∈ ℕ)

Theoremzadd2cl 12089 Increasing an integer by 2 results in an integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Sep-2018.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℤ → (𝑁 + 2) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremzriotaneg 12090* The negative of the unique integer such that 𝜑. (Contributed by AV, 1-Dec-2018.)
(𝑥 = -𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃!𝑥 ∈ ℤ 𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ ℤ 𝜑) = -(𝑦 ∈ ℤ 𝜓))

Theoremsuprfinzcl 12091 The supremum of a nonempty finite set of integers is a member of the set. (Contributed by AV, 1-Oct-2019.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℤ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ Fin) → sup(𝐴, ℝ, < ) ∈ 𝐴)

5.4.10  Decimal arithmetic

Syntaxcdc 12092 Constant used for decimal constructor.
class 𝐴𝐵

Definitiondf-dec 12093 Define the "decimal constructor", which is used to build up "decimal integers" or "numeric terms" in base 10. For example, (1000 + 2000) = 3000 1kp2ke3k 28219. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.) (Revised by AV, 1-Aug-2021.)
𝐴𝐵 = (((9 + 1) · 𝐴) + 𝐵)

Theorem9p1e10 12094 9 + 1 = 10. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 18-Apr-2015.) (Revised by Stanislas Polu, 7-Apr-2020.) (Revised by AV, 1-Aug-2021.)
(9 + 1) = 10

Theoremdfdec10 12095 Version of the definition of the "decimal constructor" using 10 instead of the symbol 10. Of course, this statement cannot be used as definition, because it uses the "decimal constructor". (Contributed by AV, 1-Aug-2021.)
𝐴𝐵 = ((10 · 𝐴) + 𝐵)

Theoremdecex 12096 A decimal number is a set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.) (Revised by AV, 6-Sep-2021.)
𝐴𝐵 ∈ V

Theoremdeceq1 12097 Equality theorem for the decimal constructor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.) (Revised by AV, 6-Sep-2021.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵𝐴𝐶 = 𝐵𝐶)

Theoremdeceq2 12098 Equality theorem for the decimal constructor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.) (Revised by AV, 6-Sep-2021.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵𝐶𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵)

Theoremdeceq1i 12099 Equality theorem for the decimal constructor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝐴𝐶 = 𝐵𝐶

Theoremdeceq2i 12100 Equality theorem for the decimal constructor. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 17-Apr-2015.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       𝐶𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵

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