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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 34901-35000   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theorempoimirlem22 34901* Lemma for poimir 34912, that a given face belongs to exactly two simplices, provided it's not on the boundary of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 𝐾)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)

Theorempoimirlem23 34902* Lemma for poimir 34912, two ways of expressing the property that a face is not on the back face of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑝 ∈ ran (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑉, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇f + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))(𝑝𝑁) ≠ 0 ↔ ¬ (𝑉 = 𝑁 ∧ ((𝑇𝑁) = 0 ∧ (𝑈𝑁) = 𝑁))))

Theorempoimirlem24 34903* Lemma for poimir 34912, two ways of expressing that a simplex has an admissible face on the back face of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → (∃𝑥 ∈ (((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) ↑m (0...(𝑁 − 1)))(𝑥 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑉, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇f + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))) ∧ ((0...(𝑁 − 1)) ⊆ ran (𝑝 ∈ ran 𝑥𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝑥(𝑝𝑁) ≠ 0)) ↔ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {𝑉})𝑖 = 𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶 ∧ ¬ (𝑉 = 𝑁 ∧ ((𝑇𝑁) = 0 ∧ (𝑈𝑁) = 𝑁)))))

Theorempoimirlem25 34904* Lemma for poimir 34912 stating that for a given simplex such that no vertex maps to 𝑁, the number of admissible faces is even. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)) → 𝑁𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶)       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ (♯‘{𝑦 ∈ (0...𝑁) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {𝑦})𝑖 = 𝑇, 𝑈⟩ / 𝑠𝐶}))

Theorempoimirlem26 34905* Lemma for poimir 34912 showing an even difference between the number of admissible faces and the number of admissible simplices. Equation (6) of [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ ((♯‘{𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑡)})𝑖 = (1st𝑡) / 𝑠𝐶}) − (♯‘{𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = 𝐶})))

Theorempoimirlem27 34906* Lemma for poimir 34912 showing that the difference between admissible faces in the whole cube and admissible faces on the back face is even. Equation (7) of [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 0)) → 𝐵 < 𝑛)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 𝐾)) → 𝐵 ≠ (𝑛 − 1))       (𝜑 → 2 ∥ ((♯‘{𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑡)})𝑖 = (1st𝑡) / 𝑠𝐶}) − (♯‘{𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) ∣ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))∃𝑗 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1))𝑖 = 𝐶 ∧ ((1st𝑠)‘𝑁) = 0 ∧ ((2nd𝑠)‘𝑁) = 𝑁)})))

Theorempoimirlem28 34907* Lemma for poimir 34912, a variant of Sperner's lemma. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝑝 = ((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾)) → 𝐵 ∈ (0...𝑁))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 0)) → 𝐵 < 𝑛)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑝:(1...𝑁)⟶(0...𝐾) ∧ (𝑝𝑛) = 𝐾)) → 𝐵 ≠ (𝑛 − 1))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)})∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = 𝐶)

Theorempoimirlem29 34908* Lemma for poimir 34912 connecting cubes of the tessellation to neighborhoods. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   𝑋 = ((𝐹‘(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) ∘f / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟𝑋)       (𝜑 → (∀𝑖 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑘 ∈ (ℤ𝑖)∀𝑚 ∈ (1...𝑁)(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘f / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘}))‘𝑚) ∈ ((𝐶𝑚)(ball‘((abs ∘ − ) ↾ (ℝ × ℝ)))(1 / 𝑖)) → ∀𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝐶𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))))

Theorempoimirlem30 34909* Lemma for poimir 34912 combining poimirlem29 34908 with bwth 22010. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   𝑋 = ((𝐹‘(((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))) ∘f / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟𝑋)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝑐𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛)))

Theorempoimirlem31 34910* Lemma for poimir 34912, assigning values to the vertices of the tessellation that meet the hypotheses of both poimirlem30 34909 and poimirlem28 34907. Equation (2) of [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   𝑃 = ((1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(𝐺𝑘)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℕ⟶((ℕ0m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}))    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → ran (1st ‘(𝐺𝑘)) ⊆ (0..^𝑘))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁))) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)𝑖 = sup(({0} ∪ {𝑎 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∣ ∀𝑏 ∈ (1...𝑎)(0 ≤ ((𝐹‘(𝑃f / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑏) ∧ (𝑃𝑏) ≠ 0)}), ℝ, < ))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑘 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ })) → ∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑁)0𝑟((𝐹‘(𝑃f / ((1...𝑁) × {𝑘})))‘𝑛))

Theorempoimirlem32 34911* Lemma for poimir 34912, combining poimirlem28 34907, poimirlem30 34909, and poimirlem31 34910 to get Equation (1) of [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 1)) → 0 ≤ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑅t 𝐼)(𝑐𝑣 → ∀𝑟 ∈ { ≤ , ≤ }∃𝑧𝑣 0𝑟((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛)))

Theorempoimir 34912* Poincare-Miranda theorem. Theorem on [Kulpa] p. 547. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn 𝑅))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 0)) → ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛) ≤ 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ∧ 𝑧𝐼 ∧ (𝑧𝑛) = 1)) → 0 ≤ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑛))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼 (𝐹𝑐) = ((1...𝑁) × {0}))

Theorembroucube 34913* Brouwer - or as Kulpa calls it, "Bohl-Brouwer" - fixed point theorem for the unit cube. Theorem on [Kulpa] p. 548. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝐼 = ((0[,]1) ↑m (1...𝑁))    &   𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝑅t 𝐼) Cn (𝑅t 𝐼)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐼 𝑐 = (𝐹𝑐))

Theoremheicant 34914 Heine-Cantor theorem: a continuous mapping between metric spaces whose domain is compact is uniformly continuous. Theorem on [Rosenlicht] p. 80. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Aug-2018.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Sep-2020.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (∞Met‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ (∞Met‘𝑌))    &   (𝜑 → (MetOpen‘𝐶) ∈ Comp)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ≠ ∅)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ≠ ∅)       (𝜑 → ((metUnif‘𝐶) Cnu(metUnif‘𝐷)) = ((MetOpen‘𝐶) Cn (MetOpen‘𝐷)))

Theoremopnmbllem0 34915* Lemma for ismblfin 34920; could also be used to shorten proof of opnmbllem 24194. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) → ([,] “ {𝑧 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑧) ⊆ 𝐴}) = 𝐴)

Theoremmblfinlem1 34916* Lemma for ismblfin 34920, ordering the sets of dyadic intervals that are antichains under subset and whose unions are contained entirely in 𝐴. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:ℕ–1-1-onto→{𝑎 ∈ {𝑏 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑏) ⊆ 𝐴} ∣ ∀𝑐 ∈ {𝑏 ∈ ran (𝑥 ∈ ℤ, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ⟨(𝑥 / (2↑𝑦)), ((𝑥 + 1) / (2↑𝑦))⟩) ∣ ([,]‘𝑏) ⊆ 𝐴} (([,]‘𝑎) ⊆ ([,]‘𝑐) → 𝑎 = 𝑐)})

Theoremmblfinlem2 34917* Lemma for ismblfin 34920, effectively one direction of the same fact for open sets, made necessary by Viaclovsky's slightly different definition of outer measure. Note that unlike the main theorem, this holds for sets of infinite measure. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Feb-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
((𝐴 ∈ (topGen‘ran (,)) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑀 < (vol*‘𝐴)) → ∃𝑠 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑠𝐴𝑀 < (vol*‘𝑠)))

Theoremmblfinlem3 34918* The difference between two sets measurable by the criterion in ismblfin 34920 is itself measurable by the same. Corollary 0.3 of [Viaclovsky7] p. 3. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 25-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) ∧ (𝐵 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐵) ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ) ∧ (vol*‘𝐵) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐵𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ))) → sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏 ⊆ (𝐴𝐵) ∧ 𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ) = (vol*‘(𝐴𝐵)))

Theoremmblfinlem4 34919* Backward direction of ismblfin 34920. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Jul-2018.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom vol) → (vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < ))

Theoremismblfin 34920* Measurability in terms of inner and outer measure. Proposition 7 of [Viaclovsky8] p. 3. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Mar-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 28-Mar-2018.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 ∈ dom vol ↔ (vol*‘𝐴) = sup({𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑏 ∈ (Clsd‘(topGen‘ran (,)))(𝑏𝐴𝑦 = (vol‘𝑏))}, ℝ, < )))

Theoremovoliunnfl 34921* ovoliun 24098 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Nov-2017.)
((𝑓 Fn ℕ ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑛) ⊆ ℝ ∧ (vol*‘(𝑓𝑛)) ∈ ℝ)) → (vol*‘ 𝑚 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑚)) ≤ sup(ran seq1( + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ ↦ (vol*‘(𝑓𝑚)))), ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremex-ovoliunnfl 34922* Demonstration of ovoliunnfl 34921. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Nov-2017.)
((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremvoliunnfl 34923* voliun 24147 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model; in that model, therefore, the Lebesgue measure as we've defined it isn't actually a measure. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Dec-2017.)
𝑆 = seq1( + , 𝐺)    &   𝐺 = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ ↦ (vol‘(𝑓𝑛)))    &   ((∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑛) ∈ dom vol ∧ (vol‘(𝑓𝑛)) ∈ ℝ) ∧ Disj 𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛)) → (vol‘ 𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛)) = sup(ran 𝑆, ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremvolsupnfl 34924* volsup 24149 is incompatible with the Feferman-Levy model. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jan-2018.)
((𝑓:ℕ⟶dom vol ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑓𝑛) ⊆ (𝑓‘(𝑛 + 1))) → (vol‘ ran 𝑓) = sup((vol “ ran 𝑓), ℝ*, < ))       ((𝐴 ≼ ℕ ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥 ≼ ℕ) → 𝐴 ≠ ℝ)

Theoremmbfresfi 34925* Measurability of a piecewise function across arbitrarily many subsets. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ Fin)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠𝑆 (𝐹𝑠) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 𝑆 = 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)

Theoremmbfposadd 34926* If the sum of two measurable functions is measurable, the sum of their nonnegative parts is measurable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Apr-2018.)
(𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (if(0 ≤ 𝐵, 𝐵, 0) + if(0 ≤ 𝐶, 𝐶, 0))) ∈ MblFn)

Theoremcnambfre 34927 A real-valued, a.e. continuous function is measurable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Apr-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ∈ dom vol ∧ (vol*‘(𝐴 ∖ (((((topGen‘ran (,)) ↾t 𝐴) CnP (topGen‘ran (,))) ∘ E ) “ {𝐹}))) = 0) → 𝐹 ∈ MblFn)

Theoremdvtanlem 34928 Lemma for dvtan 34929- the domain of the tangent is open. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 8-Aug-2018.) (Proof shortened by OpenAI, 3-Jul-2020.)
(cos “ (ℂ ∖ {0})) ∈ (TopOpen‘ℂfld)

Theoremdvtan 34929 Derivative of tangent. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Aug-2018.)
(ℂ D tan) = (𝑥 ∈ dom tan ↦ ((cos‘𝑥)↑-2))

Theoremitg2addnclem 34930* An alternate expression for the 2 integral that includes an arbitrarily small but strictly positive "buffer zone" wherever the simple function is nonzero. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 10-Oct-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 10-Mar-2018.)
𝐿 = {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1(∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑔𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑔𝑧) + 𝑦))) ∘r𝐹𝑥 = (∫1𝑔))}       (𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,]+∞) → (∫2𝐹) = sup(𝐿, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremitg2addnclem2 34931* Lemma for itg2addnc 34933. The function described is a simple function. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-Oct-2017.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))       (((𝜑 ∈ dom ∫1) ∧ 𝑣 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(((((⌊‘((𝐹𝑥) / (𝑣 / 3))) − 1) · (𝑣 / 3)) ≤ (𝑥) ∧ (𝑥) ≠ 0), (((⌊‘((𝐹𝑥) / (𝑣 / 3))) − 1) · (𝑣 / 3)), (𝑥))) ∈ dom ∫1)

Theoremitg2addnclem3 34932* Lemma incomprehensible in isolation split off to shorten proof of itg2addnc 34933. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐹) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∃ ∈ dom ∫1(∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑧) + 𝑦))) ∘r ≤ (𝐹f + 𝐺) ∧ 𝑠 = (∫1)) → ∃𝑡𝑢(∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1((∃𝑐 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑓𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑓𝑧) + 𝑐))) ∘r𝐹𝑡 = (∫1𝑓)) ∧ (∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ+ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑔𝑧) = 0, 0, ((𝑔𝑧) + 𝑑))) ∘r𝐺𝑢 = (∫1𝑔))) ∧ 𝑠 = (𝑡 + 𝑢))))

Theoremitg2addnc 34933 Alternate proof of itg2add 24352 using the "buffer zone" definition from the first lemma, in which every simple function in the set is divided into to by dividing its buffer by a third and finding the largest allowable function locked to a grid laid out in increments of the new, smaller buffer up to the original simple function. The measurability of this function follows from that of the augend, and subtracting it from the original simple function yields another simple function by i1fsub 24301, which is allowable by the fact that the grid must have a mark between one third and two thirds the original buffer. This has two advantages over the current approach: first, eliminating ax-cc 9849, and second, weakening the measurability hypothesis to only the augend. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Oct-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 13-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝐹 ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐹) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐺:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝐹f + 𝐺)) = ((∫2𝐹) + (∫2𝐺)))

Theoremitg2gt0cn 34934* itg2gt0 24353 holds on functions continuous on an open interval in the absence of ax-cc 9849. The fourth hypothesis is made unnecessary by the continuity hypothesis. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℝ⟶(0[,)+∞))    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) → 0 < (𝐹𝑥))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐹 ↾ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) ∈ ((𝑋(,)𝑌)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → 0 < (∫2𝐹))

Theoremibladdnclem 34935* Lemma for ibladdnc 34936; cf ibladdlem 24412, whose fifth hypothesis is rendered unnecessary by the weakened hypotheses of itg2addnc 34933. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Oct-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐷 = (𝐵 + 𝐶))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵), 𝐵, 0))) ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶), 𝐶, 0))) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∫2‘(𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if((𝑥𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐷), 𝐷, 0))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremibladdnc 34936* Choice-free analogue of itgadd 24417. A measurability hypothesis is necessitated by the loss of mbfadd 24254; for large classes of functions, such as continuous functions, it should be relatively easy to show. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 1-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ 𝐿1)

((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐶)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremitgaddnclem2 34938* Lemma for itgaddnc 34939; cf. itgaddlem2 24416. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 10-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 3-Apr-2018.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremitgaddnc 34939* Choice-free analogue of itgadd 24417. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵 + 𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵 + 𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 + ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremiblsubnc 34940* Choice-free analogue of iblsub 24414. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitgsubnc 34941* Choice-free analogue of itgsub 24418. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐶) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐵𝐶)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴(𝐵𝐶) d𝑥 = (∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥 − ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥))

Theoremiblabsnclem 34942* Lemma for iblabsnc 34943; cf. iblabslem 24420. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑥𝐴, (abs‘(𝐹𝐵)), 0))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐹𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐺 ∈ MblFn ∧ (∫2𝐺) ∈ ℝ))

Theoremiblabsnc 34943* Choice-free analogue of iblabs 24421. As with ibladdnc 34936, a measurability hypothesis is needed. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 7-Nov-2017.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremiblmulc2nc 34944* Choice-free analogue of iblmulc2 24423. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitgmulc2nclem1 34945* Lemma for itgmulc2nc 34947; cf. itgmulc2lem1 24424. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ 𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 0 ≤ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgmulc2nclem2 34946* Lemma for itgmulc2nc 34947; cf. itgmulc2lem2 24425. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgmulc2nc 34947* Choice-free analogue of itgmulc2 24426. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (𝐶 · 𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 · ∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) = ∫𝐴(𝐶 · 𝐵) d𝑥)

Theoremitgabsnc 34948* Choice-free analogue of itgabs 24427. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥𝐴 ↦ (abs‘𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑦𝐴 ↦ ((∗‘∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) · 𝑦 / 𝑥𝐵)) ∈ MblFn)       (𝜑 → (abs‘∫𝐴𝐵 d𝑥) ≤ ∫𝐴(abs‘𝐵) d𝑥)

Theorembddiblnc 34949* Choice-free proof of bddibl 24432. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Nov-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 6-Nov-2017.)
((𝐹 ∈ MblFn ∧ (vol‘dom 𝐹) ∈ ℝ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦 ∈ dom 𝐹(abs‘(𝐹𝑦)) ≤ 𝑥) → 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremcnicciblnc 34950 Choice-free proof of cniccibl 24433. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Nov-2017.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ)) → 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremitggt0cn 34951* itggt0 24434 holds for continuous functions in the absence of ax-cc 9849. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 16-Nov-2017.)
(𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌) ↦ 𝐵) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌)) → 𝐵 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 ∈ (𝑋(,)𝑌) ↦ 𝐵) ∈ ((𝑋(,)𝑌)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → 0 < ∫(𝑋(,)𝑌)𝐵 d𝑥)

Theoremftc1cnnclem 34952* Lemma for ftc1cnnc 34953; cf. ftc1lem4 24628. The stronger assumptions of ftc1cn 24632 are exploited to make use of weaker theorems. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Nov-2017.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝑐 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵))    &   𝐻 = (𝑧 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵) ∖ {𝑐}) ↦ (((𝐺𝑧) − (𝐺𝑐)) / (𝑧𝑐)))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑅 ∈ ℝ+)    &   ((𝜑𝑦 ∈ (𝐴(,)𝐵)) → ((abs‘(𝑦𝑐)) < 𝑅 → (abs‘((𝐹𝑦) − (𝐹𝑐))) < 𝐸))    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘(𝑋𝑐)) < 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵))    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘(𝑌𝑐)) < 𝑅)       ((𝜑𝑋 < 𝑌) → (abs‘((((𝐺𝑌) − (𝐺𝑋)) / (𝑌𝑋)) − (𝐹𝑐))) < 𝐸)

Theoremftc1cnnc 34953* Choice-free proof of ftc1cn 24632. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 20-Nov-2017.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)       (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐺) = 𝐹)

Theoremftc1anclem1 34954 Lemma for ftc1anc 34962- the absolute value of a real-valued measurable function is measurable. Would be trivial with cncombf 24251, but this proof avoids ax-cc 9849. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Jun-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℝ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ MblFn) → (abs ∘ 𝐹) ∈ MblFn)

Theoremftc1anclem2 34955* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962- restriction of an integrable function to the absolute value of its real or imaginary part. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 8-Aug-2018.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶ℂ ∧ 𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1𝐺 ∈ {ℜ, ℑ}) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡𝐴, (abs‘(𝐺‘(𝐹𝑡))), 0))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremftc1anclem3 34956 Lemma for ftc1anc 34962- the absolute value of the sum of a simple function and i times another simple function is itself a simple function. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 27-May-2018.)
((𝐹 ∈ dom ∫1𝐺 ∈ dom ∫1) → (abs ∘ (𝐹f + ((ℝ × {i}) ∘f · 𝐺))) ∈ dom ∫1)

Theoremftc1anclem4 34957* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Jun-2018.)
((𝐹 ∈ dom ∫1𝐺 ∈ 𝐿1𝐺:ℝ⟶ℝ) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((𝐺𝑡) − (𝐹𝑡))))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremftc1anclem5 34958* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962, the existence of a simple function the integral of whose pointwise difference from the function is less than a given positive real. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 17-Jun-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       ((𝜑𝑌 ∈ ℝ+) → ∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1(∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((ℜ‘if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0)) − (𝑓𝑡))))) < 𝑌)

Theoremftc1anclem6 34959* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962- construction of simple functions within an arbitrary absolute distance of the given function. Similar to Lemma 565Ib of [Fremlin5] p. 218, but without Fremlin's additional step of converting the simple function into a continuous one, which is unnecessary to this lemma's use; also, two simple functions are used to allow for complex-valued 𝐹. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       ((𝜑𝑌 ∈ ℝ+) → ∃𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1(∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < 𝑌)

Theoremftc1anclem7 34960* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 13-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       (((((((𝜑 ∧ (𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1)) ∧ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < (𝑦 / 2)) ∧ ∃𝑟 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)𝑟 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+) ∧ (𝑢 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑢𝑤)) ∧ (abs‘(𝑤𝑢)) < ((𝑦 / 2) / (2 · sup((abs “ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)), ℝ, < )))) → ((∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), (abs‘((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡)))), 0))) + (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), (abs‘((𝐹𝑡) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))), 0)))) < ((𝑦 / 2) + (𝑦 / 2)))

Theoremftc1anclem8 34961* Lemma for ftc1anc 34962. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)       (((((((𝜑 ∧ (𝑓 ∈ dom ∫1𝑔 ∈ dom ∫1)) ∧ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘(if(𝑡𝐷, (𝐹𝑡), 0) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))))) < (𝑦 / 2)) ∧ ∃𝑟 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)𝑟 ≠ 0) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ+) ∧ (𝑢 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑤 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ∧ 𝑢𝑤)) ∧ (abs‘(𝑤𝑢)) < ((𝑦 / 2) / (2 · sup((abs “ (ran 𝑓 ∪ ran 𝑔)), ℝ, < )))) → (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡 ∈ (𝑢(,)𝑤), ((abs‘((𝐹𝑡) − ((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))) + (abs‘((𝑓𝑡) + (i · (𝑔𝑡))))), 0))) < 𝑦)

Theoremftc1anc 34962* ftc1a 24626 holds for functions that obey the triangle inequality in the absence of ax-cc 9849. Theorem 565Ma of [Fremlin5] p. 220. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 11-May-2018.)
𝐺 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐴[,]𝐵) ↦ ∫(𝐴(,)𝑥)(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴(,)𝐵) ⊆ 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐷⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠 ∈ ((,) “ ((𝐴[,]𝐵) × (𝐴[,]𝐵)))(abs‘∫𝑠(𝐹𝑡) d𝑡) ≤ (∫2‘(𝑡 ∈ ℝ ↦ if(𝑡𝑠, (abs‘(𝐹𝑡)), 0))))       (𝜑𝐺 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremftc2nc 34963* Choice-free proof of ftc2 24633. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Jun-2018.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐹) ∈ ((𝐴(,)𝐵)–cn→ℂ))    &   (𝜑 → (ℝ D 𝐹) ∈ 𝐿1)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ ((𝐴[,]𝐵)–cn→ℂ))       (𝜑 → ∫(𝐴(,)𝐵)((ℝ D 𝐹)‘𝑡) d𝑡 = ((𝐹𝐵) − (𝐹𝐴)))

Theoremasindmre 34964 Real part of domain of differentiability of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 19-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (𝐷 ∩ ℝ) = (-1(,)1)

Theoremdvasin 34965* Derivative of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (ℂ D (arcsin ↾ 𝐷)) = (𝑥𝐷 ↦ (1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvacos 34966* Derivative of arccosine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
𝐷 = (ℂ ∖ ((-∞(,]-1) ∪ (1[,)+∞)))       (ℂ D (arccos ↾ 𝐷)) = (𝑥𝐷 ↦ (-1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvreasin 34967 Real derivative of arcsine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 3-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
(ℝ D (arcsin ↾ (-1(,)1))) = (𝑥 ∈ (-1(,)1) ↦ (1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremdvreacos 34968 Real derivative of arccosine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 3-Aug-2017.) (Proof shortened by Brendan Leahy, 18-Dec-2018.)
(ℝ D (arccos ↾ (-1(,)1))) = (𝑥 ∈ (-1(,)1) ↦ (-1 / (√‘(1 − (𝑥↑2)))))

Theoremareacirclem1 34969* Antiderivative of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
(𝑅 ∈ ℝ+ → (ℝ D (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅(,)𝑅) ↦ ((𝑅↑2) · ((arcsin‘(𝑡 / 𝑅)) + ((𝑡 / 𝑅) · (√‘(1 − ((𝑡 / 𝑅)↑2)))))))) = (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅(,)𝑅) ↦ (2 · (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2))))))

Theoremareacirclem2 34970* Endpoint-inclusive continuity of Cartesian ordinate of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))) ∈ ((-𝑅[,]𝑅)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremareacirclem3 34971* Integrability of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 26-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ (2 · (√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2))))) ∈ 𝐿1)

Theoremareacirclem4 34972* Endpoint-inclusive continuity of antiderivative of cross-section of circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
(𝑅 ∈ ℝ+ → (𝑡 ∈ (-𝑅[,]𝑅) ↦ ((𝑅↑2) · ((arcsin‘(𝑡 / 𝑅)) + ((𝑡 / 𝑅) · (√‘(1 − ((𝑡 / 𝑅)↑2))))))) ∈ ((-𝑅[,]𝑅)–cn→ℂ))

Theoremareacirclem5 34973* Finding the cross-section of a circle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 22-Sep-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
𝑆 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) ≤ (𝑅↑2))}       ((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅𝑡 ∈ ℝ) → (𝑆 “ {𝑡}) = if((abs‘𝑡) ≤ 𝑅, (-(√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))[,](√‘((𝑅↑2) − (𝑡↑2)))), ∅))

Theoremareacirc 34974* The area of a circle of radius 𝑅 is π · 𝑅↑2. This is Metamath 100 proof #9. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 31-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 22-Sep-2017.) (Revised by Brendan Leahy, 11-Jul-2018.)
𝑆 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝑦 ∈ ℝ) ∧ ((𝑥↑2) + (𝑦↑2)) ≤ (𝑅↑2))}       ((𝑅 ∈ ℝ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝑅) → (area‘𝑆) = (π · (𝑅↑2)))

20.20.1  Logic and set theory

Theoremunirep 34975* Define a quantity whose definition involves a choice of representative, but which is uniquely determined regardless of the choice. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.)
(𝑦 = 𝐷 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐷𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑦 = 𝑧𝐵 = 𝐹)    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((∀𝑦𝐴𝑧𝐴 ((𝜑𝜒) → 𝐵 = 𝐹) ∧ (𝐷𝐴𝜓)) → (℩𝑥𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵)) = 𝐶)

Theoremcover2 34976* Two ways of expressing the statement "there is a cover of 𝐴 by elements of 𝐵 such that for each set in the cover, 𝜑". Note that 𝜑 and 𝑥 must be distinct. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 20-Jun-2010.)
𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐴 = 𝐵       (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝑥𝑦𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵( 𝑧 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝜑))

Theoremcover2g 34977* Two ways of expressing the statement "there is a cover of 𝐴 by elements of 𝐵 such that for each set in the cover, 𝜑". Note that 𝜑 and 𝑥 must be distinct. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 21-Jun-2010.)
𝐴 = 𝐵       (𝐵𝐶 → (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 (𝑥𝑦𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑧 ∈ 𝒫 𝐵( 𝑧 = 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑧 𝜑)))

Theorembrabg2 34978* Relation by a binary relation abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝑅 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑}    &   (𝜒𝐴𝐶)       (𝐵𝐷 → (𝐴𝑅𝐵𝜒))

Theoremopelopab3 34979* Ordered pair membership in an ordered pair class abstraction, with a reduced hypothesis. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 29-May-2011.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜒𝐴𝐶)       (𝐵𝐷 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ ∈ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ↔ 𝜒))

Theoremcocanfo 34980 Cancellation of a surjective function from the right side of a composition. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
(((𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵𝐺 Fn 𝐵𝐻 Fn 𝐵) ∧ (𝐺𝐹) = (𝐻𝐹)) → 𝐺 = 𝐻)

Theorembrresi2 34981 Restriction of a binary relation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴(𝑅𝐶)𝐵𝐴𝑅𝐵)

Theoremfnopabeqd 34982* Equality deduction for function abstractions. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)} = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐶)})

Theoremfvopabf4g 34983* Function value of an operator abstraction whose domain is a set of functions with given domain and range. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Dec-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝑅m 𝐷) ↦ 𝐵)       ((𝐷𝑋𝑅𝑌𝐴:𝐷𝑅) → (𝐹𝐴) = 𝐶)

Theoremeqfnun 34984 Two functions on 𝐴𝐵 are equal if and only if they have equal restrictions to both 𝐴 and 𝐵. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
((𝐹 Fn (𝐴𝐵) ∧ 𝐺 Fn (𝐴𝐵)) → (𝐹 = 𝐺 ↔ ((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐺𝐴) ∧ (𝐹𝐵) = (𝐺𝐵))))

Theoremfnopabco 34985* Composition of a function with a function abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵𝐶)    &   𝐹 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)}    &   𝐺 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = (𝐻𝐵))}       (𝐻 Fn 𝐶𝐺 = (𝐻𝐹))

Theoremopropabco 34986* Composition of an operator with a function abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 11-Jun-2010.)
(𝑥𝐴𝐵𝑅)    &   (𝑥𝐴𝐶𝑆)    &   𝐹 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = ⟨𝐵, 𝐶⟩)}    &   𝐺 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝑦 = (𝐵𝑀𝐶))}       (𝑀 Fn (𝑅 × 𝑆) → 𝐺 = (𝑀𝐹))

Theoremcocnv 34987 Composition with a function and then with the converse. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((Fun 𝐹 ∧ Fun 𝐺) → ((𝐹𝐺) ∘ 𝐺) = (𝐹 ↾ ran 𝐺))

Theoremf1ocan1fv 34988 Cancel a composition by a bijection by preapplying the converse. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 27-Dec-2014.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝑋𝐵) → ((𝐹𝐺)‘(𝐺𝑋)) = (𝐹𝑋))

Theoremf1ocan2fv 34989 Cancel a composition by the converse of a bijection by preapplying the bijection. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((Fun 𝐹𝐺:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝑋𝐴) → ((𝐹𝐺)‘(𝐺𝑋)) = (𝐹𝑋))

Theoreminixp 34990* Intersection of Cartesian products over the same base set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶) = X𝑥𝐴 (𝐵𝐶)

Theoremupixp 34991* Universal property of the indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 12-Sep-2015.)
𝑋 = X𝑏𝐴 (𝐶𝑏)    &   𝑃 = (𝑤𝐴 ↦ (𝑥𝑋 ↦ (𝑥𝑤)))       ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆 ∧ ∀𝑎𝐴 (𝐹𝑎):𝐵⟶(𝐶𝑎)) → ∃!(:𝐵𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑎𝐴 (𝐹𝑎) = ((𝑃𝑎) ∘ )))

Theoremabrexdom 34992* An indexed set is dominated by the indexing set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑦𝐴 → ∃*𝑥𝜑)       (𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝜑} ≼ 𝐴)

Theoremabrexdom2 34993* An indexed set is dominated by the indexing set. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝐴𝑉 → {𝑥 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 = 𝐵} ≼ 𝐴)

Theoremac6gf 34994* Axiom of Choice. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝑦𝜓    &   (𝑦 = (𝑓𝑥) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝐴𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝜓))

Theoremindexa 34995* If for every element of an indexing set 𝐴 there exists a corresponding element of another set 𝐵, then there exists a subset of 𝐵 consisting only of those elements which are indexed by 𝐴. Used to avoid the Axiom of Choice in situations where only the range of the choice function is needed. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝐵𝑀 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑐(𝑐𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑐 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑐𝑥𝐴 𝜑))

Theoremindexdom 34996* If for every element of an indexing set 𝐴 there exists a corresponding element of another set 𝐵, then there exists a subset of 𝐵 consisting only of those elements which are indexed by 𝐴, and which is dominated by the set 𝐴. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝐴𝑀 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑) → ∃𝑐((𝑐𝐴𝑐𝐵) ∧ (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝑐 𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑦𝑐𝑥𝐴 𝜑)))

Theoremfrinfm 34997* A subset of a well-founded set has an infimum. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝑅 Fr 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐶𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅)) → ∃𝑥𝐴 (∀𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑥𝑅𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐵 𝑦𝑅𝑧)))

Theoremwelb 34998* A nonempty subset of a well-ordered set has a lower bound. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝑅 We 𝐴 ∧ (𝐵𝐶𝐵𝐴𝐵 ≠ ∅)) → (𝑅 Or 𝐵 ∧ ∃𝑥𝐵 (∀𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑥𝑅𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐵 (𝑦𝑅𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐵 𝑦𝑅𝑧))))

Theoremsupex2g 34999 Existence of supremum. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝐴𝐶 → sup(𝐵, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∈ V)

Theoremsupclt 35000* Closure of supremum. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑥𝐴 (∀𝑦𝐵 ¬ 𝑥𝑅𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝑦𝑅𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐵 𝑦𝑅𝑧))) → sup(𝐵, 𝐴, 𝑅) ∈ 𝐴)

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