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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 14501-14600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremcjmul 14501 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∗‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) · (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremipcnval 14502 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremcjmulrcl 14503 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjmulval 14504 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 1-Feb-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2)))
 
Theoremcjmulge0 14505 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → 0 ≤ (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjneg 14506 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by NM, 27-Feb-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (∗‘-𝐴) = -(∗‘𝐴))
 
Theoremaddcj 14507 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jan-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Jul-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) = (2 · (ℜ‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjsub 14508 Complex conjugate distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by NM, 28-Apr-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → (∗‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) − (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjexp 14509 Complex conjugate of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jun-2006.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (∗‘(𝐴𝑁)) = ((∗‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremimval2 14510 The imaginary part of a number in terms of complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 30-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (ℑ‘𝐴) = ((𝐴 − (∗‘𝐴)) / (2 · i)))
 
Theoremre0 14511 The real part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
(ℜ‘0) = 0
 
Theoremim0 14512 The imaginary part of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
(ℑ‘0) = 0
 
Theoremre1 14513 The real part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℜ‘1) = 1
 
Theoremim1 14514 The imaginary part of one. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℑ‘1) = 0
 
Theoremrei 14515 The real part of i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℜ‘i) = 0
 
Theoremimi 14516 The imaginary part of i. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 9-Jun-2006.)
(ℑ‘i) = 1
 
Theoremcj0 14517 The conjugate of zero. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
(∗‘0) = 0
 
Theoremcji 14518 The complex conjugate of the imaginary unit. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2005.)
(∗‘i) = -i
 
Theoremcjreim 14519 The conjugate of a representation of a complex number in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-2005.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (∗‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = (𝐴 − (i · 𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjreim2 14520 The conjugate of the representation of a complex number in terms of real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jul-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (∗‘(𝐴 − (i · 𝐵))) = (𝐴 + (i · 𝐵)))
 
Theoremcj11 14521 Complex conjugate is a one-to-one function. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Proof shortened by Eric Schmidt, 2-Jul-2009.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ) → ((∗‘𝐴) = (∗‘𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 = 𝐵))
 
Theoremcjne0 14522 A number is nonzero iff its complex conjugate is nonzero. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (𝐴 ≠ 0 ↔ (∗‘𝐴) ≠ 0))
 
Theoremcjdiv 14523 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ 0) → (∗‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) / (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcnrecnv 14524* The inverse to the canonical bijection from (ℝ × ℝ) to from cnref1o 12381. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Aug-2014.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑥 + (i · 𝑦)))       𝐹 = (𝑧 ∈ ℂ ↦ ⟨(ℜ‘𝑧), (ℑ‘𝑧)⟩)
 
Theoremsqeqd 14525 A deduction for showing two numbers whose squares are equal are themselves equal. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Apr-2015.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴↑2) = (𝐵↑2))    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐴))    &   (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐵))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (ℜ‘𝐴) = 0 ∧ (ℜ‘𝐵) = 0) → 𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)
 
Theoremrecli 14526 The real part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremimcli 14527 The imaginary part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℑ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremcjcli 14528 Closure law for complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (∗‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ
 
Theoremreplimi 14529 Construct a complex number from its real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       𝐴 = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (i · (ℑ‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjcji 14530 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (∗‘(∗‘𝐴)) = 𝐴
 
Theoremreim0bi 14531 A number is real iff its imaginary part is 0. (Contributed by NM, 29-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (ℑ‘𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremrerebi 14532 A real number equals its real part. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 27-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (ℜ‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcjrebi 14533 A number is real iff it equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 11-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 ∈ ℝ ↔ (∗‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremrecji 14534 Real part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = (ℜ‘𝐴)
 
Theoremimcji 14535 Imaginary part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℑ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = -(ℑ‘𝐴)
 
Theoremcjmulrcli 14536 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by NM, 11-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) ∈ ℝ
 
Theoremcjmulvali 14537 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2))
 
Theoremcjmulge0i 14538 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by NM, 28-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       0 ≤ (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴))
 
Theoremrenegi 14539 Real part of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘-𝐴) = -(ℜ‘𝐴)
 
Theoremimnegi 14540 Imaginary part of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (ℑ‘-𝐴) = -(ℑ‘𝐴)
 
Theoremcjnegi 14541 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (∗‘-𝐴) = -(∗‘𝐴)
 
Theoremaddcji 14542 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ       (𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) = (2 · (ℜ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremreaddi 14543 Real part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (ℜ‘𝐵))
 
Theoremimaddi 14544 Imaginary part distributes over addition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (ℑ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) + (ℑ‘𝐵))
 
Theoremremuli 14545 Real part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) − ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimmuli 14546 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjaddi 14547 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (∗‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) + (∗‘𝐵))
 
Theoremcjmuli 14548 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 28-Jul-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (∗‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) · (∗‘𝐵))
 
Theoremipcni 14549 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjdivi 14550 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
𝐴 ∈ ℂ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℂ       (𝐵 ≠ 0 → (∗‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) / (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcrrei 14551 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       (ℜ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐴
 
Theoremcrimi 14552 The imaginary part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1999.)
𝐴 ∈ ℝ    &   𝐵 ∈ ℝ       (ℑ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐵
 
Theoremrecld 14553 The real part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremimcld 14554 The imaginary part of a complex number is real (closure law). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘𝐴) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjcld 14555 Closure law for complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘𝐴) ∈ ℂ)
 
Theoremreplimd 14556 Construct a complex number from its real and imaginary parts. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑𝐴 = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (i · (ℑ‘𝐴))))
 
Theoremremimd 14557 Value of the conjugate of a complex number. The value is the real part minus i times the imaginary part. Definition 10-3.2 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘𝐴) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) − (i · (ℑ‘𝐴))))
 
Theoremcjcjd 14558 The conjugate of the conjugate is the original complex number. Proposition 10-3.4(e) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘(∗‘𝐴)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremreim0bd 14559 A number is real iff its imaginary part is 0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (ℑ‘𝐴) = 0)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremrerebd 14560 A real number equals its real part. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (ℜ‘𝐴) = 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjrebd 14561 A number is real iff it equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → (∗‘𝐴) = 𝐴)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjne0d 14562 A number is nonzero iff its complex conjugate is nonzero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → (∗‘𝐴) ≠ 0)
 
Theoremrecjd 14563 Real part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = (ℜ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremimcjd 14564 Imaginary part of a complex conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(∗‘𝐴)) = -(ℑ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremcjmulrcld 14565 A complex number times its conjugate is real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) ∈ ℝ)
 
Theoremcjmulvald 14566 A complex number times its conjugate. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴)↑2) + ((ℑ‘𝐴)↑2)))
 
Theoremcjmulge0d 14567 A complex number times its conjugate is nonnegative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → 0 ≤ (𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremrenegd 14568 Real part of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘-𝐴) = -(ℜ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremimnegd 14569 Imaginary part of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘-𝐴) = -(ℑ‘𝐴))
 
Theoremcjnegd 14570 Complex conjugate of negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘-𝐴) = -(∗‘𝐴))
 
Theoremaddcjd 14571 A number plus its conjugate is twice its real part. Compare Proposition 10-3.4(h) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 + (∗‘𝐴)) = (2 · (ℜ‘𝐴)))
 
Theoremcjexpd 14572 Complex conjugate of positive integer exponentiation. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (∗‘(𝐴𝑁)) = ((∗‘𝐴)↑𝑁))
 
Theoremreaddd 14573 Real part distributes over addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) + (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimaddd 14574 Imaginary part distributes over addition. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) + (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremresubd 14575 Real part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((ℜ‘𝐴) − (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimsubd 14576 Imaginary part distributes over subtraction. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐴𝐵)) = ((ℑ‘𝐴) − (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremremuld 14577 Real part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) − ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremimmuld 14578 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremcjaddd 14579 Complex conjugate distributes over addition. Proposition 10-3.4(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) + (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremcjmuld 14580 Complex conjugate distributes over multiplication. Proposition 10-3.4(c) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) · (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremipcnd 14581 Standard inner product on complex numbers. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐵))) = (((ℜ‘𝐴) · (ℜ‘𝐵)) + ((ℑ‘𝐴) · (ℑ‘𝐵))))
 
Theoremcjdivd 14582 Complex conjugate distributes over division. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → (∗‘(𝐴 / 𝐵)) = ((∗‘𝐴) / (∗‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremrered 14583 A real number equals its real part. One direction of Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremreim0d 14584 The imaginary part of a real number is 0. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘𝐴) = 0)
 
Theoremcjred 14585 A real number equals its complex conjugate. Proposition 10-3.4(f) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (∗‘𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremremul2d 14586 Real part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (𝐴 · (ℜ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremimmul2d 14587 Imaginary part of a product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐴 · 𝐵)) = (𝐴 · (ℑ‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremredivd 14588 Real part of a division. Related to remul2 14489. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐵 / 𝐴)) = ((ℜ‘𝐵) / 𝐴))
 
Theoremimdivd 14589 Imaginary part of a division. Related to remul2 14489. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≠ 0)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐵 / 𝐴)) = ((ℑ‘𝐵) / 𝐴))
 
Theoremcrred 14590 The real part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (ℜ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremcrimd 14591 The imaginary part of a complex number representation. Definition 10-3.1 of [Gleason] p. 132. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 29-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (ℑ‘(𝐴 + (i · 𝐵))) = 𝐵)
 
5.9.4  Square root; absolute value
 
Syntaxcsqrt 14592 Extend class notation to include square root of a complex number.
class
 
Syntaxcabs 14593 Extend class notation to include a function for the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number.
class abs
 
Definitiondf-sqrt 14594* Define a function whose value is the square root of a complex number. For example, (√‘25) = 5 (ex-sqrt 28242).

Since (𝑦↑2) = 𝑥 iff (-𝑦↑2) = 𝑥, we ensure uniqueness by restricting the range to numbers with positive real part, or numbers with 0 real part and nonnegative imaginary part. A description can be found under "Principal square root of a complex number" at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Square_root 28242. The square root symbol was introduced in 1525 by Christoff Rudolff.

See sqrtcl 14721 for its closure, sqrtval 14596 for its value, sqrtth 14724 and sqsqrti 14735 for its relationship to squares, and sqrt11i 14744 for uniqueness. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jul-2013.)

√ = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (𝑦 ∈ ℂ ((𝑦↑2) = 𝑥 ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑦) ∧ (i · 𝑦) ∉ ℝ+)))
 
Definitiondf-abs 14595 Define the function for the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number. See abscli 14755 for its closure and absval 14597 or absval2i 14757 for its value. For example, (abs‘-2) = 2 (ex-abs 28243). (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.)
abs = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ↦ (√‘(𝑥 · (∗‘𝑥))))
 
Theoremsqrtval 14596* Value of square root function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (√‘𝐴) = (𝑥 ∈ ℂ ((𝑥↑2) = 𝐴 ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝑥) ∧ (i · 𝑥) ∉ ℝ+)))
 
Theoremabsval 14597 The absolute value (modulus) of a complex number. Proposition 10-3.7(a) of [Gleason] p. 133. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jul-1999.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 7-Nov-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℂ → (abs‘𝐴) = (√‘(𝐴 · (∗‘𝐴))))
 
Theoremrennim 14598 A real number does not lie on the negative imaginary axis. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jul-2013.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (i · 𝐴) ∉ ℝ+)
 
Theoremcnpart 14599 The specification of restriction to the right half-plane partitions the complex plane without 0 into two disjoint pieces, which are related by a reflection about the origin (under the map 𝑥 ↦ -𝑥). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ 0) → ((0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐴) ∧ (i · 𝐴) ∉ ℝ+) ↔ ¬ (0 ≤ (ℜ‘-𝐴) ∧ (i · -𝐴) ∉ ℝ+)))
 
Theoremsqr0lem 14600 Square root of zero. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 9-Jul-2013.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℂ ∧ ((𝐴↑2) = 0 ∧ 0 ≤ (ℜ‘𝐴) ∧ (i · 𝐴) ∉ ℝ+)) ↔ 𝐴 = 0)
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