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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 27601-27700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0lem3 27601* Lemma for crctcshwlkn0 27610. (Contributed by AV, 12-Mar-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ (1..^𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       ((𝜑𝐽 ∈ (((𝑁𝑆) + 1)...𝑁)) → (𝑄𝐽) = (𝑃‘((𝐽 + 𝑆) − 𝑁)))

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0lem4 27602* Lemma for crctcshwlkn0 27610. (Contributed by AV, 12-Mar-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ (1..^𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ Word 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁)if-((𝑃𝑖) = (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖)}, {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖))))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑗 ∈ (0..^(𝑁𝑆))if-((𝑄𝑗) = (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗)) = {(𝑄𝑗)}, {(𝑄𝑗), (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗))))

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0lem5 27603* Lemma for crctcshwlkn0 27610. (Contributed by AV, 12-Mar-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ (1..^𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ Word 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁)if-((𝑃𝑖) = (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖)}, {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖))))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑗 ∈ (((𝑁𝑆) + 1)..^𝑁)if-((𝑄𝑗) = (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗)) = {(𝑄𝑗)}, {(𝑄𝑗), (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗))))

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0lem6 27604* Lemma for crctcshwlkn0 27610. (Contributed by AV, 12-Mar-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ (1..^𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ Word 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁)if-((𝑃𝑖) = (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖)}, {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖))))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃𝑁) = (𝑃‘0))       ((𝜑𝐽 = (𝑁𝑆)) → if-((𝑄𝐽) = (𝑄‘(𝐽 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐻𝐽)) = {(𝑄𝐽)}, {(𝑄𝐽), (𝑄‘(𝐽 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐻𝐽))))

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0lem7 27605* Lemma for crctcshwlkn0 27610. (Contributed by AV, 12-Mar-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ (1..^𝑁))    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ Word 𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁)if-((𝑃𝑖) = (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖)}, {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐹𝑖))))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃𝑁) = (𝑃‘0))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑗 ∈ (0..^𝑁)if-((𝑄𝑗) = (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1)), (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗)) = {(𝑄𝑗)}, {(𝑄𝑗), (𝑄‘(𝑗 + 1))} ⊆ (𝐼‘(𝐻𝑗))))

Theoremcrctcshlem1 27606 Lemma for crctcsh 27613. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)       (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremcrctcshlem2 27607 Lemma for crctcsh 27613. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)       (𝜑 → (♯‘𝐻) = 𝑁)

Theoremcrctcshlem3 27608* Lemma for crctcsh 27613. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       (𝜑 → (𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝐻 ∈ V ∧ 𝑄 ∈ V))

Theoremcrctcshlem4 27609* Lemma for crctcsh 27613. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       ((𝜑𝑆 = 0) → (𝐻 = 𝐹𝑄 = 𝑃))

Theoremcrctcshwlkn0 27610* Cyclically shifting the indices of a circuit 𝐹, 𝑃 results in a walk 𝐻, 𝑄. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       ((𝜑𝑆 ≠ 0) → 𝐻(Walks‘𝐺)𝑄)

Theoremcrctcshwlk 27611* Cyclically shifting the indices of a circuit 𝐹, 𝑃 results in a walk 𝐻, 𝑄. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       (𝜑𝐻(Walks‘𝐺)𝑄)

Theoremcrctcshtrl 27612* Cyclically shifting the indices of a circuit 𝐹, 𝑃 results in a trail 𝐻, 𝑄. (Contributed by AV, 14-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 30-Oct-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       (𝜑𝐻(Trails‘𝐺)𝑄)

Theoremcrctcsh 27613* Cyclically shifting the indices of a circuit 𝐹, 𝑃 results in a circuit 𝐻, 𝑄. (Contributed by AV, 10-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 31-Oct-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐹(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑃)    &   𝑁 = (♯‘𝐹)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ∈ (0..^𝑁))    &   𝐻 = (𝐹 cyclShift 𝑆)    &   𝑄 = (𝑥 ∈ (0...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑥 ≤ (𝑁𝑆), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 𝑆)), (𝑃‘((𝑥 + 𝑆) − 𝑁))))       (𝜑𝐻(Circuits‘𝐺)𝑄)

16.3.7  Walks as words

In general, a walk is an alternating sequence of vertices and edges, as defined in df-wlks 27392: p(0) e(f(1)) p(1) e(f(2)) ... p(n-1) e(f(n)) p(n). Often, it is sufficient to refer to a walk by the natural sequence of its vertices, i.e omitting its edges in its representation: p(0) p(1) ... p(n-1) p(n), see the corresponding remark in [Diestel] p. 6. The concept of a Word, see df-word 13862, is the appropriate way to define such a sequence (being finite and starting at index 0) of vertices. Therefore, it is used in definitions df-wwlks 27619 and df-wwlksn 27620, and the representation of a walk as sequence of its vertices is called "walk as word".

Only for simple pseudographs, however, the edges can be uniquely reconstructed from such a representation. In other cases, there could be more than one edge between two adjacent vertices in the walk (in a multigraph), or two adjacent vertices could be connected by two different hyperedges involving additional vertices (in a hypergraph).

Syntaxcwwlks 27614 Extend class notation with walks (in a graph) as word over the set of vertices.
class WWalks

Syntaxcwwlksn 27615 Extend class notation with walks (in a graph) of a fixed length as word over the set of vertices.
class WWalksN

Syntaxcwwlksnon 27616 Extend class notation with walks between two vertices (in a graph) of a fixed length as word over the set of vertices.
class WWalksNOn

Syntaxcwwspthsn 27617 Extend class notation with simple paths (in a graph) of a fixed length as word over the set of vertices.
class WSPathsN

Syntaxcwwspthsnon 27618 Extend class notation with simple paths between two vertices (in a graph) of a fixed length as word over the set of vertices.
class WSPathsNOn

Definitiondf-wwlks 27619* Define the set of all walks (in an undirected graph) as words over the set of vertices. Such a word corresponds to the sequence p(0) p(1) ... p(n-1) p(n) of the vertices in a walk p(0) e(f(1)) p(1) e(f(2)) ... p(n-1) e(f(n)) p(n) as defined in df-wlks 27392. 𝑤 = ∅ has to be excluded because a walk always consists of at least one vertex, see wlkn0 27413. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
WWalks = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝑔) ∣ (𝑤 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑤) − 1)){(𝑤𝑖), (𝑤‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ (Edg‘𝑔))})

Definitiondf-wwlksn 27620* Define the set of all walks (in an undirected graph) of a fixed length n as words over the set of vertices. Such a word corresponds to the sequence p(0) p(1) ... p(n) of the vertices in a walk p(0) e(f(1)) p(1) e(f(2)) ... p(n-1) e(f(n)) p(n) as defined in df-wlks 27392. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
WWalksN = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (WWalks‘𝑔) ∣ (♯‘𝑤) = (𝑛 + 1)})

Definitiondf-wwlksnon 27621* Define the collection of walks of a fixed length with particular endpoints as word over the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
WWalksNOn = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑔 ∈ V ↦ (𝑎 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔), 𝑏 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔) ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝑔) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑎 ∧ (𝑤𝑛) = 𝑏)}))

Definitiondf-wspthsn 27622* Define the collection of simple paths of a fixed length as word over the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
WSPathsN = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑛 WWalksN 𝑔) ∣ ∃𝑓 𝑓(SPaths‘𝑔)𝑤})

Definitiondf-wspthsnon 27623* Define the collection of simple paths of a fixed length with particular endpoints as word over the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
WSPathsNOn = (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0, 𝑔 ∈ V ↦ (𝑎 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔), 𝑏 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔) ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑎(𝑛 WWalksNOn 𝑔)𝑏) ∣ ∃𝑓 𝑓(𝑎(SPathsOn‘𝑔)𝑏)𝑤}))

Theoremwwlks 27624* The set of walks (in an undirected graph) as words over the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (WWalks‘𝐺) = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ (𝑤 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑤) − 1)){(𝑤𝑖), (𝑤‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸)}

Theoremiswwlks 27625* A word over the set of vertices representing a walk (in an undirected graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑊 ≠ ∅ ∧ 𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑊) − 1)){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremwwlksn 27626* The set of walks (in an undirected graph) of a fixed length as words over the set of vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) = {𝑤 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 1)})

Theoremiswwlksn 27627 A word over the set of vertices representing a walk of a fixed length (in an undirected graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) ∧ (♯‘𝑊) = (𝑁 + 1))))

Theoremwwlksnprcl 27628 Derivation of the length of a word 𝑊 whose concatenation with a singleton word represents a walk of a fixed length 𝑁 (a partial reverse closure theorem). (Contributed by AV, 4-Mar-2022.)
((𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑊 ++ ⟨“𝑋”⟩) ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (♯‘𝑊) = 𝑁))

Theoremiswwlksnx 27629* Properties of a word to represent a walk of a fixed length, definition of WWalks expanded. (Contributed by AV, 28-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑊) − 1)){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ (♯‘𝑊) = (𝑁 + 1))))

Theoremwwlkbp 27630 Basic properties of a walk (in an undirected graph) as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) → (𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉))

Theoremwwlknbp 27631 Basic properties of a walk of a fixed length (in an undirected graph) as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 16-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 20-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉))

Theoremwwlknp 27632* Properties of a set being a walk of length n (represented by a word). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑊 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ (♯‘𝑊) = (𝑁 + 1) ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^𝑁){(𝑊𝑖), (𝑊‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremwwlknbp1 27633 Other basic properties of a walk of a fixed length as word. (Contributed by AV, 8-Mar-2022.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑊 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺) ∧ (♯‘𝑊) = (𝑁 + 1)))

Theoremwwlknvtx 27634* The symbols of a word 𝑊 representing a walk of a fixed length 𝑁 are vertices. (Contributed by AV, 16-Mar-2022.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑁)(𝑊𝑖) ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺))

Theoremwwlknllvtx 27635 If a word 𝑊 represents a walk of a fixed length 𝑁, then the first and the last symbol of the word is a vertex. (Contributed by AV, 14-Mar-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ((𝑊‘0) ∈ 𝑉 ∧ (𝑊𝑁) ∈ 𝑉))

Theoremwwlknlsw 27636 If a word represents a walk of a fixed length, then the last symbol of the word is the endvertex of the walk. (Contributed by AV, 8-Mar-2022.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑊𝑁) = (lastS‘𝑊))

Theoremwspthsn 27637* The set of simple paths of a fixed length as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
(𝑁 WSPathsN 𝐺) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ∃𝑓 𝑓(SPaths‘𝐺)𝑤}

Theoremiswspthn 27638* An element of the set of simple paths of a fixed length as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WSPathsN 𝐺) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓(SPaths‘𝐺)𝑊))

Theoremwspthnp 27639* Properties of a set being a simple path of a fixed length as word. (Contributed by AV, 18-May-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WSPathsN 𝐺) → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐺 ∈ V) ∧ 𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓(SPaths‘𝐺)𝑊))

Theoremwwlksnon 27640* The set of walks of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐺𝑈) → (𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺) = (𝑎𝑉, 𝑏𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝑎 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝑏)}))

Theoremwspthsnon 27641* The set of simple paths of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐺𝑈) → (𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺) = (𝑎𝑉, 𝑏𝑉 ↦ {𝑤 ∈ (𝑎(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝑏) ∣ ∃𝑓 𝑓(𝑎(SPathsOn‘𝐺)𝑏)𝑤}))

Theoremiswwlksnon 27642* The set of walks of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 14-Mar-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤‘0) = 𝐴 ∧ (𝑤𝑁) = 𝐵)}

Theoremwwlksnon0 27643 Sufficient conditions for a set of walks of a fixed length between two vertices to be empty. (Contributed by AV, 15-May-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 21-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (¬ ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐺 ∈ V) ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉)) → (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) = ∅)

Theoremwwlksonvtx 27644 If a word 𝑊 represents a walk of length 2 on two classes 𝐴 and 𝐶, these classes are vertices. (Contributed by AV, 14-Mar-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐶) → (𝐴𝑉𝐶𝑉))

Theoremiswspthsnon 27645* The set of simple paths of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 14-Mar-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐴(𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺)𝐵) = {𝑤 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ∣ ∃𝑓 𝑓(𝐴(SPathsOn‘𝐺)𝐵)𝑤}

Theoremwwlknon 27646 An element of the set of walks of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 14-Mar-2022.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ (𝑊‘0) = 𝐴 ∧ (𝑊𝑁) = 𝐵))

Theoremwspthnon 27647* An element of the set of simple paths of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 15-Mar-2022.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ↔ (𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓(𝐴(SPathsOn‘𝐺)𝐵)𝑊))

Theoremwspthnonp 27648* Properties of a set being a simple path of a fixed length between two vertices as word. (Contributed by AV, 14-May-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 15-Mar-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺)𝐵) → ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐺 ∈ V) ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉) ∧ (𝑊 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WWalksNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ∧ ∃𝑓 𝑓(𝐴(SPathsOn‘𝐺)𝐵)𝑊)))

Theoremwspthneq1eq2 27649 Two simple paths with identical sequences of vertices start and end at the same vertices. (Contributed by AV, 14-May-2021.)
((𝑃 ∈ (𝐴(𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺)𝐵) ∧ 𝑃 ∈ (𝐶(𝑁 WSPathsNOn 𝐺)𝐷)) → (𝐴 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷))

Theoremwwlksn0s 27650* The set of all walks as words of length 0 is the set of all words of length 1 over the vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(0 WWalksN 𝐺) = {𝑤 ∈ Word (Vtx‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘𝑤) = 1}

Theoremwwlkssswrd 27651 Walks (represented by words) are words. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (WWalks‘𝐺) ⊆ Word 𝑉

Theoremwwlksn0 27652* A walk of length 0 is represented by a singleton word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 21-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (0 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑣𝑉 𝑊 = ⟨“𝑣”⟩)

Theorem0enwwlksnge1 27653 In graphs without edges, there are no walks of length greater than 0. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 26-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 7-May-2021.)
(((Edg‘𝐺) = ∅ ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ) → (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) = ∅)

Theoremwwlkswwlksn 27654 A walk of a fixed length as word is a walk (in an undirected graph) as word. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → 𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺))

Theoremwwlkssswwlksn 27655 The walks of a fixed length as words are walks (in an undirected graph) as words. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ⊆ (WWalks‘𝐺)

Theoremwlkiswwlks1 27656 The sequence of vertices in a walk is a walk as word in a pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → (𝐹(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺)))

Theoremwlklnwwlkln1 27657 The sequence of vertices in a walk of length 𝑁 is a walk as word of length 𝑁 in a pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → ((𝐹(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝐹) = 𝑁) → 𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem1 27658* Lemma 1 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))       ((𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (♯‘𝑃)) → (♯‘𝐹) = ((♯‘𝑃) − 1))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem2 27659* Lemma 2 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))       (((♯‘𝑃) ∈ ℕ0𝐼 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1))) → (𝐹𝐼) = (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝐼), (𝑃‘(𝐼 + 1))}))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem3 27660* Lemma 3 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))       ((𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (♯‘𝑃)) → 𝑃:(0...(♯‘𝐹))⟶𝑉)

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem4 27661* Lemma 4 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (♯‘𝑃)) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 → ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(♯‘𝐹))(𝐸‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))}))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem5 27662* Lemma 5 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (♯‘𝑃)) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸𝐹 ∈ Word dom 𝐸))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2lem6 27663* Lemma 6 for wlkiswwlks2 27664. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)) ↦ (𝐸‘{(𝑃𝑥), (𝑃‘(𝑥 + 1))}))    &   𝐸 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑃 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∧ 1 ≤ (♯‘𝑃)) → (∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^((♯‘𝑃) − 1)){(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))} ∈ ran 𝐸 → (𝐹 ∈ Word dom 𝐸𝑃:(0...(♯‘𝐹))⟶𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(♯‘𝐹))(𝐸‘(𝐹𝑖)) = {(𝑃𝑖), (𝑃‘(𝑖 + 1))})))

Theoremwlkiswwlks2 27664* A walk as word corresponds to the sequence of vertices in a walk in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → (𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) → ∃𝑓 𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃))

Theoremwlkiswwlks 27665* A walk as word corresponds to a walk in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → (∃𝑓 𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺)))

Theoremwlkiswwlksupgr2 27666* A walk as word corresponds to the sequence of vertices in a walk in a pseudograph. This variant of wlkiswwlks2 27664 does not require 𝐺 to be a simple pseudograph, but it requires the Axiom of Choice (ac6 9895) for its proof. Notice that only the existence of a function 𝑓 can be proven, but, in general, it cannot be "constructed" (as in wlkiswwlks2 27664). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → (𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) → ∃𝑓 𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃))

Theoremwlkiswwlkupgr 27667* A walk as word corresponds to a walk in a pseudograph. This variant of wlkiswwlks 27665 does not require 𝐺 to be a simple pseudograph, but it requires (indirectly) the Axiom of Choice for its proof. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 10-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → (∃𝑓 𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺)))

Theoremwlkswwlksf1o 27668* The mapping of (ordinary) walks to their sequences of vertices is a bijection in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 6-May-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑤 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ↦ (2nd𝑤))       (𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → 𝐹:(Walks‘𝐺)–1-1-onto→(WWalks‘𝐺))

Theoremwlkswwlksen 27669 The set of walks as words and the set of (ordinary) walks are equinumerous in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 6-May-2021.) (Revised by AV, 5-Aug-2022.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → (Walks‘𝐺) ≈ (WWalks‘𝐺))

Theoremwwlksm1edg 27670 Removing the trailing edge from a walk (as word) with at least one edge results in a walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 19-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2022.)
((𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) ∧ 2 ≤ (♯‘𝑊)) → (𝑊 prefix ((♯‘𝑊) − 1)) ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺))

Theoremwlklnwwlkln2lem 27671* Lemma for wlklnwwlkln2 27672 and wlklnwwlklnupgr2 27674. Formerly part of proof for wlklnwwlkln2 27672. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑 → (𝑃 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) → ∃𝑓 𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃))       (𝜑 → (𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑓(𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝑓) = 𝑁)))

Theoremwlklnwwlkln2 27672* A walk of length 𝑁 as word corresponds to the sequence of vertices in a walk of length 𝑁 in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → (𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑓(𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝑓) = 𝑁)))

Theoremwlklnwwlkn 27673* A walk of length 𝑁 as word corresponds to a walk with length 𝑁 in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ USPGraph → (∃𝑓(𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝑓) = 𝑁) ↔ 𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwlklnwwlklnupgr2 27674* A walk of length 𝑁 as word corresponds to the sequence of vertices in a walk of length 𝑁 in a pseudograph. This variant of wlklnwwlkln2 27672 does not require 𝐺 to be a simple pseudograph, but it requires (indirectly) the Axiom of Choice. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → (𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑓(𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝑓) = 𝑁)))

Theoremwlklnwwlknupgr 27675* A walk of length 𝑁 as word corresponds to a walk with length 𝑁 in a pseudograph. This variant of wlkiswwlks 27665 does not require 𝐺 to be a simple pseudograph, but it requires (indirectly) the Axiom of Choice for its proof. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 12-Apr-2021.)
(𝐺 ∈ UPGraph → (∃𝑓(𝑓(Walks‘𝐺)𝑃 ∧ (♯‘𝑓) = 𝑁) ↔ 𝑃 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwlknewwlksn 27676 If a walk in a pseudograph has length 𝑁, then the sequence of the vertices of the walk is a word representing the walk as word of length 𝑁. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 11-Apr-2021.)
(((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑊 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺)) ∧ (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 ∧ (♯‘(1st𝑊)) = 𝑁)) → (2nd𝑊) ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺))

Theoremwlknwwlksnbij 27677* The mapping (𝑡𝑇 ↦ (2nd𝑡)) is a bijection between the set of walks of a fixed length and the set of walks represented by words of the same length in a simple pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 5-Aug-2022.)
𝑇 = {𝑝 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘(1st𝑝)) = 𝑁}    &   𝑊 = (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝑇 ↦ (2nd𝑡))       ((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → 𝐹:𝑇1-1-onto𝑊)

Theoremwlknwwlksnen 27678* In a simple pseudograph, the set of walks of a fixed length and the set of walks represented by words are equinumerous. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 5-Aug-2022.)
((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → {𝑝 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘(1st𝑝)) = 𝑁} ≈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺))

Theoremwlknwwlksneqs 27679* The set of walks of a fixed length and the set of walks represented by words have the same size. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 15-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (♯‘{𝑝 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘(1st𝑝)) = 𝑁}) = (♯‘(𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwwlkseq 27680* Equality of two walks (as words). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Apr-2021.)
((𝑊 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺) ∧ 𝑇 ∈ (WWalks‘𝐺)) → (𝑊 = 𝑇 ↔ ((♯‘𝑊) = (♯‘𝑇) ∧ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0..^(♯‘𝑊))(𝑊𝑖) = (𝑇𝑖))))

Theoremwwlksnred 27681 Reduction of a walk (as word) by removing the trailing edge/vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2022.)
(𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑊 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) → (𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwwlksnext 27682 Extension of a walk (as word) by adding an edge/vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝑇 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∧ 𝑆𝑉 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑇), 𝑆} ∈ 𝐸) → (𝑇 ++ ⟨“𝑆”⟩) ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺))

Theoremwwlksnextbi 27683 Extension of a walk (as word) by adding an edge/vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Apr-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑆𝑉) ∧ (𝑇 ∈ Word 𝑉𝑊 = (𝑇 ++ ⟨“𝑆”⟩) ∧ {(lastS‘𝑇), 𝑆} ∈ 𝐸)) → (𝑊 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) ↔ 𝑇 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)))

Theoremwwlksnredwwlkn 27684* For each walk (as word) of length at least 1 there is a shorter walk (as word). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2022.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0 → (𝑊 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑦 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)((𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑦 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑦), (lastS‘𝑊)} ∈ 𝐸)))

Theoremwwlksnredwwlkn0 27685* For each walk (as word) of length at least 1 there is a shorter walk (as word) starting at the same vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2022.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝑊 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺)) → ((𝑊‘0) = 𝑃 ↔ ∃𝑦 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺)((𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑦 ∧ (𝑦‘0) = 𝑃 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑦), (lastS‘𝑊)} ∈ 𝐸)))

Theoremwwlksnextwrd 27686* Lemma for wwlksnextbij 27691. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 2) ∧ (𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → 𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)})

Theoremwwlksnextfun 27687* Lemma for wwlksnextbij 27691. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 2) ∧ (𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}    &   𝑅 = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (lastS‘𝑡))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐹:𝐷𝑅)

Theoremwwlksnextinj 27688* Lemma for wwlksnextbij 27691. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 2) ∧ (𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}    &   𝑅 = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (lastS‘𝑡))       (𝑁 ∈ ℕ0𝐹:𝐷1-1𝑅)

Theoremwwlksnextsurj 27689* Lemma for wwlksnextbij 27691. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 2) ∧ (𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}    &   𝑅 = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (lastS‘𝑡))       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → 𝐹:𝐷onto𝑅)

Theoremwwlksnextbij0 27690* Lemma for wwlksnextbij 27691. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐷 = {𝑤 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((♯‘𝑤) = (𝑁 + 2) ∧ (𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}    &   𝑅 = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸}    &   𝐹 = (𝑡𝐷 ↦ (lastS‘𝑡))       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → 𝐹:𝐷1-1-onto𝑅)

Theoremwwlksnextbij 27691* There is a bijection between the extensions of a walk (as word) by an edge and the set of vertices being connected to the trailing vertex of the walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 18-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑤 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}–1-1-onto→{𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremwwlksnexthasheq 27692* The number of the extensions of a walk (as word) by an edge equals the number of vertices being connected to the trailing vertex of the walk. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 23-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 19-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑊 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) → (♯‘{𝑤 ∈ ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ ((𝑤 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) = 𝑊 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑊), (lastS‘𝑤)} ∈ 𝐸)}) = (♯‘{𝑛𝑉 ∣ {(lastS‘𝑊), 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸}))

Theoremdisjxwwlksn 27693* Sets of walks (as words) extended by an edge are disjunct if each set contains extensions of distinct walks. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 29-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 19-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       Disj 𝑦 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺){𝑥 ∈ Word 𝑉 ∣ ((𝑥 prefix 𝑁) = 𝑦 ∧ (𝑦‘0) = 𝑃 ∧ {(lastS‘𝑦), (lastS‘𝑥)} ∈ 𝐸)}

Theoremwwlksnndef 27694 Conditions for WWalksN not being defined. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 19-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∉ V ∨ 𝑁 ∉ ℕ0) → (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) = ∅)

Theoremwwlksnfi 27695 The number of walks represented by words of fixed length is finite if the number of vertices is finite (in the graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 19-Apr-2021.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 18-Nov-2022.)
((Vtx‘𝐺) ∈ Fin → (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∈ Fin)

Theoremwlksnfi 27696* The number of walks of fixed length is finite if the number of vertices is finite (in the graph). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 25-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 20-Apr-2021.)
((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → {𝑝 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ (♯‘(1st𝑝)) = 𝑁} ∈ Fin)

Theoremwlksnwwlknvbij 27697* There is a bijection between the set of walks of a fixed length and the set of walks represented by words of the same length and starting at the same vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 22-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 5-Aug-2022.)
((𝐺 ∈ USPGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:{𝑝 ∈ (Walks‘𝐺) ∣ ((♯‘(1st𝑝)) = 𝑁 ∧ ((2nd𝑝)‘0) = 𝑋)}–1-1-onto→{𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑋})

Theoremwwlksnextproplem1 27698 Lemma 1 for wwlksnextprop 27701. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 31-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 20-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 29-Oct-2022.)
𝑋 = ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺)       ((𝑊𝑋𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → ((𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1))‘0) = (𝑊‘0))

Theoremwwlksnextproplem2 27699 Lemma 2 for wwlksnextprop 27701. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 20-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 29-Oct-2022.)
𝑋 = ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝑊𝑋𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → {(lastS‘(𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1))), (lastS‘𝑊)} ∈ 𝐸)

Theoremwwlksnextproplem3 27700* Lemma 3 for wwlksnextprop 27701. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 1-Aug-2018.) (Revised by AV, 20-Apr-2021.) (Revised by AV, 29-Oct-2022.)
𝑋 = ((𝑁 + 1) WWalksN 𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑌 = {𝑤 ∈ (𝑁 WWalksN 𝐺) ∣ (𝑤‘0) = 𝑃}       ((𝑊𝑋 ∧ (𝑊‘0) = 𝑃𝑁 ∈ ℕ0) → (𝑊 prefix (𝑁 + 1)) ∈ 𝑌)

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