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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 3501-3600   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremeqv 3501* The universe contains every set. (Contributed by NM, 11-Sep-2006.) Remove dependency on ax-10 2138, ax-11 2153, ax-13 2383. (Revised by BJ, 10-Aug-2022.)
(𝐴 = V ↔ ∀𝑥 𝑥𝐴)

Theoremeqvf 3502 The universe contains every set. (Contributed by BJ, 15-Jul-2021.)
𝑥𝐴       (𝐴 = V ↔ ∀𝑥 𝑥𝐴)

Theoremabv 3503 The class of sets verifying a property is the universal class if and only if that property is a tautology. The reverse implication (bj-abv 34216) requires fewer axioms. (Contributed by BJ, 19-Mar-2021.)
({𝑥𝜑} = V ↔ ∀𝑥𝜑)

Theoremelisset 3504* An element of a class exists. (Contributed by NM, 1-May-1995.) Reduce dependencies on axioms. (Revised by BJ, 29-Apr-2019.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ∃𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremisset 3505* Two ways to say "𝐴 is a set": A class 𝐴 is a member of the universal class V (see df-v 3495) if and only if the class 𝐴 exists (i.e. there exists some set 𝑥 equal to class 𝐴). Theorem 6.9 of [Quine] p. 43. Notational convention: We will use the notational device "𝐴 ∈ V " to mean "𝐴 is a set" very frequently, for example in uniex 7459. Note that a class 𝐴 which is not a set is called a proper class. In some theorems, such as uniexg 7458, in order to shorten certain proofs we use the more general antecedent 𝐴𝑉 instead of 𝐴 ∈ V to mean "𝐴 is a set."

Note that a constant is implicitly considered distinct from all variables. This is why V is not included in the distinct variable list, even though df-clel 2891 requires that the expression substituted for 𝐵 not contain 𝑥. (Also, the Metamath spec does not allow constants in the distinct variable list.) (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.)

(𝐴 ∈ V ↔ ∃𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremissetf 3506 A version of isset 3505 that does not require 𝑥 and 𝐴 to be distinct. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 6-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴       (𝐴 ∈ V ↔ ∃𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremisseti 3507* A way to say "𝐴 is a set" (inference form). (Contributed by NM, 24-Jun-1993.) Remove dependencies on axioms. (Revised by BJ, 13-Jul-2019.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴

TheoremissetiOLD 3508* Obsolete version of isseti 3507 as of 28-Aug-2023. A way to say "𝐴 is a set" (inference form). (Contributed by NM, 24-Jun-1993.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴

Theoremissetri 3509* A way to say "𝐴 is a set" (inference form). (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴       𝐴 ∈ V

Theoremeqvisset 3510 A class equal to a variable is a set. Note the absence of disjoint variable condition, contrary to isset 3505 and issetri 3509. (Contributed by BJ, 27-Apr-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴𝐴 ∈ V)

Theoremelex 3511 If a class is a member of another class, then it is a set. Theorem 6.12 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
(𝐴𝐵𝐴 ∈ V)

Theoremelexi 3512 If a class is a member of another class, then it is a set. Inference associated with elex 3511. (Contributed by NM, 11-Jun-1994.)
𝐴𝐵       𝐴 ∈ V

Theoremelexd 3513 If a class is a member of another class, then it is a set. Deduction associated with elex 3511. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Oct-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)       (𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)

TheoremelissetOLD 3514* Obsolete version of elisset 3504 as of 28-Aug-2023. An element of a class exists. (Contributed by NM, 1-May-1995.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ∃𝑥 𝑥 = 𝐴)

Theoremelex2 3515* If a class contains another class, then it contains some set. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 25-Sep-2011.)
(𝐴𝐵 → ∃𝑥 𝑥𝐵)

Theoremelex22 3516* If two classes each contain another class, then both contain some set. (Contributed by Alan Sare, 24-Oct-2011.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶) → ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐵𝑥𝐶))

Theoremprcnel 3517 A proper class doesn't belong to any class. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 17-Aug-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Nov-2020.)
𝐴 ∈ V → ¬ 𝐴𝑉)

Theoremralv 3518 A universal quantifier restricted to the universe is unrestricted. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.)
(∀𝑥 ∈ V 𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝜑)

Theoremrexv 3519 An existential quantifier restricted to the universe is unrestricted. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ V 𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥𝜑)

Theoremreuv 3520 A unique existential quantifier restricted to the universe is unrestricted. (Contributed by NM, 1-Nov-2010.)
(∃!𝑥 ∈ V 𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑥𝜑)

Theoremrmov 3521 An at-most-one quantifier restricted to the universe is unrestricted. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Jun-2017.)
(∃*𝑥 ∈ V 𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑥𝜑)

Theoremrabab 3522 A class abstraction restricted to the universe is unrestricted. (Contributed by NM, 27-Dec-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
{𝑥 ∈ V ∣ 𝜑} = {𝑥𝜑}

Theoremrexcom4b 3523* Specialized existential commutation lemma. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 1-Jun-2011.)
𝐵 ∈ V       (∃𝑥𝑦𝐴 (𝜑𝑥 = 𝐵) ↔ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremralcom4OLD 3524* Obsolete version of ralcom4 3233 as of 26-Aug-2023. Commutation of restricted and unrestricted universal quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 26-Mar-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremrexcom4OLD 3525* Obsolete version of rexcom4 3247 as of 26-Aug-2023. Commutation of restricted and unrestricted existential quantifiers. (Contributed by NM, 12-Apr-2004.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑥𝐴 𝜑)

Theoremceqsalt 3526* Closed theorem version of ceqsalg 3528. (Contributed by NM, 28-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
((Ⅎ𝑥𝜓 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ 𝐴𝑉) → (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsralt 3527* Restricted quantifier version of ceqsalt 3526. (Contributed by NM, 28-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
((Ⅎ𝑥𝜓 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (∀𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsalg 3528* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. For an alternate proof, see ceqsalgALT 3529. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by BJ, 29-Sep-2019.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

TheoremceqsalgALT 3529* Alternate proof of ceqsalg 3528, not using ceqsalt 3526. (Contributed by NM, 29-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.) (Revised by BJ, 29-Sep-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsal 3530* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremceqsalv 3531* A representation of explicit substitution of a class for a variable, inferred from an implicit substitution hypothesis. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremceqsralv 3532* Restricted quantifier version of ceqsalv 3531. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-2013.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝐵 (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremgencl 3533* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝐵))    &   (𝐴 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝜒𝜑)       (𝜃𝜓)

Theorem2gencl 3534* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝐶𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥𝑅 𝐴 = 𝐶)    &   (𝐷𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑅 𝐵 = 𝐷)    &   (𝐴 = 𝐶 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐵 = 𝐷 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑅) → 𝜑)       ((𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑆) → 𝜒)

Theorem3gencl 3535* Implicit substitution for class with embedded variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
(𝐷𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑥𝑅 𝐴 = 𝐷)    &   (𝐹𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑦𝑅 𝐵 = 𝐹)    &   (𝐺𝑆 ↔ ∃𝑧𝑅 𝐶 = 𝐺)    &   (𝐴 = 𝐷 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐵 = 𝐹 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝐶 = 𝐺 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑅𝑧𝑅) → 𝜑)       ((𝐷𝑆𝐹𝑆𝐺𝑆) → 𝜃)

Theoremcgsexg 3536* Implicit substitution inference for general classes. (Contributed by NM, 26-Aug-2007.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremcgsex2g 3537* Implicit substitution inference for general classes. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → 𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∃𝑥𝑦(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremcgsex4g 3538* An implicit substitution inference for 4 general classes. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-1995.) Avoid ax-10 2138. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.)
(((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷)) → 𝜒)    &   (𝜒 → (𝜑𝜓))       (((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆) ∧ (𝐶𝑅𝐷𝑆)) → (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤(𝜒𝜑) ↔ 𝜓))

Theoremceqsex 3539* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremceqsexv 3540* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Mar-1995.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑) ↔ 𝜓)

Theoremceqsexv2d 3541* Elimination of an existential quantifier, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Sep-2016.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜓       𝑥𝜑

Theoremceqsex2 3542* Elimination of two existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2006.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥𝑦(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝜑) ↔ 𝜒)

Theoremceqsex2v 3543* Elimination of two existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Scott Fenton, 7-Jun-2006.) Avoid ax-10 2138 and ax-11 2153. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))       (∃𝑥𝑦(𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝜑) ↔ 𝜒)

Theoremceqsex3v 3544* Elimination of three existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜃)

Theoremceqsex4v 3545* Elimination of four existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜏)

Theoremceqsex6v 3546* Elimination of six existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝐸 ∈ V    &   𝐹 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))    &   (𝑣 = 𝐸 → (𝜏𝜂))    &   (𝑢 = 𝐹 → (𝜂𝜁))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) ∧ (𝑤 = 𝐷𝑣 = 𝐸𝑢 = 𝐹) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜁)

Theoremceqsex8v 3547* Elimination of eight existential quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 23-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝐸 ∈ V    &   𝐹 ∈ V    &   𝐺 ∈ V    &   𝐻 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜃𝜏))    &   (𝑣 = 𝐸 → (𝜏𝜂))    &   (𝑢 = 𝐹 → (𝜂𝜁))    &   (𝑡 = 𝐺 → (𝜁𝜎))    &   (𝑠 = 𝐻 → (𝜎𝜌))       (∃𝑥𝑦𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑡𝑠(((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) ∧ (𝑧 = 𝐶𝑤 = 𝐷)) ∧ ((𝑣 = 𝐸𝑢 = 𝐹) ∧ (𝑡 = 𝐺𝑠 = 𝐻)) ∧ 𝜑) ↔ 𝜌)

Theoremgencbvex 3548* Change of bound variable using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝜃𝜓))

Theoremgencbvex2 3549* Restatement of gencbvex 3548 with weaker hypotheses. (Contributed by Jeff Hankins, 6-Dec-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 → ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∃𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∃𝑦(𝜃𝜓))

Theoremgencbval 3550* Change of bound variable using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 17-May-1996.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝐴 = 𝑦 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   (𝜃 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝜒𝐴 = 𝑦))       (∀𝑥(𝜒𝜑) ↔ ∀𝑦(𝜃𝜓))

Theoremsbhypf 3551* Introduce an explicit substitution into an implicit substitution hypothesis. See also csbhypf 3909. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 10-Apr-2004.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝑦 = 𝐴 → ([𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑𝜓))

Theoremvtoclgft 3552 Closed theorem form of vtoclgf 3564. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 11-Aug-2021.) Avoid ax-13 2383. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 6-Oct-2023.)
(((𝑥𝐴 ∧ Ⅎ𝑥𝜓) ∧ (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ ∀𝑥𝜑) ∧ 𝐴𝑉) → 𝜓)

TheoremvtoclgftOLD 3553 Obsolete version of vtoclgft 3552. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Oct-2016.) (Proof shortened by JJ, 11-Aug-2021.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(((𝑥𝐴 ∧ Ⅎ𝑥𝜓) ∧ (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) ∧ ∀𝑥𝜑) ∧ 𝐴𝑉) → 𝜓)

Theoremvtocldf 3554 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜓)    &   𝑥𝜑    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → Ⅎ𝑥𝜒)       (𝜑𝜒)

Theoremvtocld 3555* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝜑𝜒)

Theoremvtocl2d 3556* Implicit substitution of two classes for two setvar variables. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Aug-2020.) (Revised by BTernaryTau, 19-Oct-2023.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝜑𝜒)

Theoremvtoclf 3557* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. This is a generalization of chvar 2406. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

Theoremvtocl 3558* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. See also vtoclALT 3559. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) Remove dependency on ax-10 2138. (Revised by BJ, 29-Nov-2020.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

TheoremvtoclALT 3559* Alternate proof of vtocl 3558. Shorter but requires more axioms. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

Theoremvtocl2 3560* Implicit substitution of classes for setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

Theoremvtocl2OLD 3561* Obsolete proof of vtocl2 3560 as of 23-Aug-2023. (Contributed by NM, 26-Jul-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

Theoremvtocl3 3562* Implicit substitution of classes for setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 3-Jun-1995.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 8-Jun-2011.) Avoid ax-10 2138 and ax-11 2153. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 23-Aug-2023.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵𝑧 = 𝐶) → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       𝜓

Theoremvtoclb 3563* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 23-Dec-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝜒𝜃)

Theoremvtoclgf 3564 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable, with bound-variable hypotheses in place of disjoint variable restrictions. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       (𝐴𝑉𝜓)

Theoremvtoclg1f 3565* Version of vtoclgf 3564 with one non-freeness hypothesis replaced with a disjoint variable condition, thus avoiding dependency on ax-11 2153 and ax-13 2383. (Contributed by BJ, 1-May-2019.)
𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       (𝐴𝑉𝜓)

Theoremvtoclg 3566* Implicit substitution of a class expression for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-Apr-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝜑       (𝐴𝑉𝜓)

Theoremvtoclbg 3567* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 29-Apr-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜃))    &   (𝜑𝜓)       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜒𝜃))

Theoremvtocl2gf 3568 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-1995.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → 𝜒)

Theoremvtocl3gf 3569 Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑧𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑧𝐵    &   𝑧𝐶    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝑧𝜃    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → 𝜃)

Theoremvtocl2g 3570* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 25-Apr-1995.) Remove dependency on ax-10 2138, ax-11 2153, and ax-13 2383. (Revised by Steven Nguyen, 29-Nov-2022.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   𝜑       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → 𝜒)

Theoremvtoclgaf 3571* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 10-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥𝐵𝜑)       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)

Theoremvtoclga 3572* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.) Avoid ax-10 2138 and ax-11 2153. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥𝐵𝜑)       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)

Theoremvtocl2ga 3573* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.) Avoid ax-10 2138 and ax-11 2153. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.) (Proof shortened by Wolf Lammen, 23-Aug-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝜒)

Theoremvtocl2gaf 3574* Implicit substitution of 2 classes for 2 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   ((𝑥𝐶𝑦𝐷) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝜒)

Theoremvtocl3gaf 3575* Implicit substitution of 3 classes for 3 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑦𝐴    &   𝑧𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵    &   𝑧𝐵    &   𝑧𝐶    &   𝑥𝜓    &   𝑦𝜒    &   𝑧𝜃    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝑅𝑦𝑆𝑧𝑇) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝑅𝐵𝑆𝐶𝑇) → 𝜃)

Theoremvtocl3ga 3576* Implicit substitution of 3 classes for 3 setvar variables. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜃))    &   ((𝑥𝐷𝑦𝑅𝑧𝑆) → 𝜑)       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝑅𝐶𝑆) → 𝜃)

Theoremvtocl4g 3577* Implicit substitution of 4 classes for 4 setvar variables. (Contributed by AV, 22-Jan-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜌))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜌𝜃))    &   𝜑       (((𝐴𝑄𝐵𝑅) ∧ (𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑇)) → 𝜃)

Theoremvtocl4ga 3578* Implicit substitution of 4 classes for 4 setvar variables. (Contributed by AV, 22-Jan-2019.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑦 = 𝐵 → (𝜓𝜒))    &   (𝑧 = 𝐶 → (𝜒𝜌))    &   (𝑤 = 𝐷 → (𝜌𝜃))    &   (((𝑥𝑄𝑦𝑅) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑇)) → 𝜑)       (((𝐴𝑄𝐵𝑅) ∧ (𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑇)) → 𝜃)

Theoremvtocleg 3579* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jun-1993.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       (𝐴𝑉𝜑)

Theoremvtoclegft 3580* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Closed theorem version of vtoclef 3581.) (Contributed by NM, 7-Nov-2005.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Oct-2016.)
((𝐴𝐵 ∧ Ⅎ𝑥𝜑 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)) → 𝜑)

Theoremvtoclef 3581* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-1993.)
𝑥𝜑    &   𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       𝜑

Theoremvtocle 3582* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-1993.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝜑)       𝜑

Theoremvtoclri 3583* Implicit substitution of a class for a setvar variable. (Contributed by NM, 21-Nov-1994.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   𝑥𝐵 𝜑       (𝐴𝐵𝜓)

Theoremspcimgft 3584 A closed version of spcimgf 3586. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)))

Theoremspcgft 3585 A closed version of spcgf 3588. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 6-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝜓    &   𝑥𝐴       (∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓)) → (𝐴𝐵 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓)))

Theoremspcimgf 3586 Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))

Theoremspcimegf 3587 Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜓𝜑))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))

Theoremspcgf 3588 Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-1997.) (Revised by Andrew Salmon, 12-Aug-2011.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))

Theoremspcegf 3589 Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-1997.)
𝑥𝐴    &   𝑥𝜓    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))

Theoremspcimdv 3590* Restricted specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.) Avoid ax-10 2138 and ax-11 2153. (Revised by Gino Giotto, 20-Aug-2023.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓𝜒))

Theoremspcdv 3591* Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Analogous to rspcdv 3613. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑥𝜓𝜒))

Theoremspcimedv 3592* Restricted existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jan-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 = 𝐴) → (𝜒𝜓))       (𝜑 → (𝜒 → ∃𝑥𝜓))

Theoremspcgv 3593* Rule of specialization, using implicit substitution. Compare Theorem 7.3 of [Quine] p. 44. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.) Avoid ax-10 2138, ax-11 2153. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 25-Aug-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))

TheoremspcgvOLD 3594* Obsolete version of spcgv 3593 as of 25-Aug-2023. (Contributed by NM, 22-Jun-1994.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (∀𝑥𝜑𝜓))

Theoremspcegv 3595* Existential specialization, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.) Avoid ax-10 2138, ax-11 2153. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 25-Aug-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))

TheoremspcegvOLD 3596* Obsolete version of spcegv 3595 as of 25-Aug-2023. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐴𝑉 → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝜑))

Theoremspcedv 3597* Existential specialization, using implicit substitution, deduction version. (Contributed by RP, 12-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑋 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝜒)    &   (𝑥 = 𝑋 → (𝜓𝜒))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑥𝜓)

Theoremspc2egv 3598* Existential specialization with two quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-1995.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝜓 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜑))

Theoremspc2gv 3599* Specialization with two quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by NM, 27-Apr-2004.)
((𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵) → (𝜑𝜓))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (∀𝑥𝑦𝜑𝜓))

Theoremspc2ed 3600* Existential specialization with 2 quantifiers, using implicit substitution. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Aug-2017.)
𝑥𝜒    &   𝑦𝜒    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 = 𝐴𝑦 = 𝐵)) → (𝜓𝜒))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊)) → (𝜒 → ∃𝑥𝑦𝜓))

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206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42400 425 42401-42500 426 42501-42600 427 42601-42700 428 42701-42800 429 42801-42900 430 42901-43000 431 43001-43100 432 43101-43200 433 43201-43300 434 43301-43400 435 43401-43500 436 43501-43600 437 43601-43700 438 43701-43800 439 43801-43900 440 43901-44000 441 44001-44100 442 44101-44200 443 44201-44300 444 44301-44400 445 44401-44500 446 44501-44600 447 44601-44700 448 44701-44800 449 44801-44896
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