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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 34801-34900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremwl-sb8mot 34801 Substitution of variable in universal quantifier. Closed form of sb8mo 2681.

This theorem relates to wl-mo3t 34799, since replacing 𝜑 with [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 in the latter yields subexpressions like [𝑥 / 𝑦][𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑, which can be reduced to 𝜑 via sbft 2262 and sbco 2543. So ∃*𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 is provable from wl-mo3t 34799 in a simple fashion, unfortunately only if 𝑥 and 𝑦 are known to be distinct. To avoid any hassle with distinctors, we prefer to derive this theorem independently, ignoring the close connection between both theorems. From an educational standpoint, one would assume wl-mo3t 34799 to be more fundamental, as it hints how the "at most one" objects on both sides of the biconditional correlate (they are the same), if they exist at all, and then prove this theorem from it. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 11-Aug-2019.)

(∀𝑥𝑦𝜑 → (∃*𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑦[𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-axc11rc11 34802 Proving axc11r 2379 from axc11 2445. The hypotheses are two instances of axc11 2445 used in the proof here. Some systems introduce axc11 2445 as an axiom, see for example System S2 in https://us.metamath.org/downloads/finiteaxiom.pdf .

By contrast, this database sees the variant axc11r 2379, directly derived from ax-12 2169, as foundational. Later axc11 2445 is proven somewhat trickily, requiring ax-10 2138 and ax-13 2383, see its proof. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 18-Jul-2023.)

(∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑥 → ∀𝑥 𝑦 = 𝑥))    &   (∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝜑))       (∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑥 → (∀𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝜑))
 
Axiomax-wl-11v 34803* Version of ax-11 2153 with distinct variable conditions. Currently implemented as an axiom to detect unintended references to the foundational axiom ax-11 2153. It will later be converted into a theorem directly based on ax-11 2153. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑥𝑦𝜑 → ∀𝑦𝑥𝜑)
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem1 34804 A transitive law for variable identifying expressions. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑧 ↔ ∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑧))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem2 34805* Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
((∀𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦 ∧ ¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦) → ∀𝑥 𝑢 = 𝑦)
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem3 34806* Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → Ⅎ𝑥𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦)
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem4 34807* Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
𝑥(∀𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦 ∧ ¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦)
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem5 34808 Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑢[𝑢 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem6 34809* Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
((∀𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦 ∧ ¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦) → (∀𝑢𝑥[𝑢 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem7 34810 Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑥(¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑) ↔ (¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem8 34811* Lemma. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
((∀𝑢 𝑢 = 𝑦 ∧ ¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦) → (∀𝑢𝑥[𝑢 / 𝑦]𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝑥𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem9 34812 The easy part when 𝑥 coincides with 𝑦. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦𝑥𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑦𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-ax11-lem10 34813* We now have prepared everything. The unwanted variable 𝑢 is just in one place left. pm2.61 194 can be used in conjunction with wl-ax11-lem9 34812 to eliminate the second antecedent. Missing is something along the lines of ax-6 1963, so we could remove the first antecedent. But the Metamath axioms cannot accomplish this. Such a rule must reside one abstraction level higher than all others: It says that a distinctor implies a distinct variable condition on its contained setvar. This is only needed if such conditions are required, as ax-11v does. The result of this study is for me, that you cannot introduce a setvar capturing this condition, and hope to eliminate it later. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 30-Jun-2019.)
(∀𝑦 𝑦 = 𝑢 → (¬ ∀𝑥 𝑥 = 𝑦 → (∀𝑦𝑥𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremwl-clabv 34814* Variant of df-clab 2798, where the element 𝑥 is required to be disjoint from the class it is taken from. This restriction meets similar ones found in other definitions and axioms like ax-ext 2791, df-clel 2891 and df-cleq 2812. 𝑥𝐴 with 𝐴 depending on 𝑥 can be the source of side effects, that you rather want to be aware of. So here we eliminate one possible way of letting this slip in instead.

An expression 𝑥𝐴 with 𝑥, 𝐴 not disjoint, is now only introduced either via ax-8 2109, ax-9 2117, or df-clel 2891. Theorem cleljust 2116 shows that a possible choice does not matter.

The original df-clab 2798 can be rederived, see wl-dfclab 34815. In an implementation this theorem is the only user of df-clab. (Contributed by NM, 26-May-1993.) Element and class are disjoint. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 31-May-2023.)

(𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑} ↔ [𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremwl-dfclab 34815 Rederive df-clab 2798 from wl-clabv 34814. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 31-May-2023.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝑥 ∈ {𝑦𝜑} ↔ [𝑥 / 𝑦]𝜑)
 
Theoremwl-clabtv 34816* Using class abstraction in a context, requiring 𝑥 and 𝜑 disjoint, but based on fewer axioms than wl-clabt 34817. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 29-May-2023.)
(𝜑 → {𝑥𝜓} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝜑𝜓)})
 
Theoremwl-clabt 34817 Using class abstraction in a context. For a version based on fewer axioms see wl-clabtv 34816. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 29-May-2023.)
𝑥𝜑       (𝜑 → {𝑥𝜓} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝜑𝜓)})
 
20.18.5  1. Restricted Quantifiers
 
Syntaxwl-ral 34818 Redefine the restricted universal quantifier context to avoid overloading and syntax check errors in mmj2. This operator is to be distinguished from 𝑥𝐴𝜑 with a similiar semantics, but using 𝑥 as a formal parameter rather than assuming true elementhood.
wff ∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Syntaxwl-rex 34819 Redefine the restricted existential quantifier context to avoid overloading and syntax check errors in mmj2. This operator is to be distinguished from 𝑥𝐴𝜑 with a similiar semantics, but using 𝑥 as a formal parameter rather than assuming true elementhood.
wff ∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Syntaxwl-rmo 34820 Redefine the restricted "at most one" quantifier context to avoid overloading and syntax check errors in mmj2. This operator is to be distinguished from ∃*𝑥𝐴𝜑 with a similiar semantics, but using 𝑥 as a formal parameter rather than assuming true elementhood.
wff ∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Syntaxwl-reu 34821 Redefine the restricted existential uniqueness context to avoid overloading and syntax check errors in mmj2. This operator is to be distinguished from ∃!𝑥𝐴𝜑 with a similiar semantics, but using 𝑥 as a formal parameter rather than assuming true elementhood.
wff ∃!(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Syntaxwl-crab 34822 Redefine extended class notation to include the restricted class abstraction (class builder).
class {𝑥 : 𝐴𝜑}
 
Definitiondf-wl-ral 34823* The definiens of df-ral 3141, 𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑) is a short and simple expression, but has a severe downside: It allows for two substantially different interpretations. One, and this is the common case, wants this expression to denote that 𝜑 holds for all elements of 𝐴. To this end, 𝑥 must not be free in 𝐴, though . Should instead 𝐴 vary with 𝑥, then we rather focus on those 𝑥, that happen to be an element of their respective 𝐴(𝑥). Such interpretation is rare, but must nevertheless be considered in design and comments.

In addition, many want definitions be designed to express just a single idea, not many.

Our definition here introduces a dummy variable 𝑦, disjoint from all other variables, to describe an element in 𝐴. It lets 𝑥 appear as a formal parameter with no connection to 𝐴, but occurrences in 𝜑 are still honored.

The resulting subexpression 𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑) is [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑 in disguise (see wl-dfralsb 34824).

If 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, a simplification is possible ( see wl-dfralf 34826, wl-dfralv 34828). (Contributed by NM, 19-Aug-1993.) Isolate x from A, idea of Mario Carneiro. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 21-May-2023.)

(∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦(𝑦𝐴 → ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremwl-dfralsb 34824* An alternate definition of restricted universal quantification (df-wl-ral 34823) using substitution. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)
(∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦(𝑦𝐴 → [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfralflem 34825* Lemma for wl-dfralf 34826 and wl-dfralv . (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 23-May-2023.)
(∀𝑦𝑥(𝑦𝐴 → (𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)) ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfralf 34826 Restricted universal quantification (df-wl-ral 34823) allows a simplification, if we can assume all appearences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 23-May-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴 → (∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑)))
 
Theoremwl-dfralfi 34827 Restricted universal quantification (df-wl-ral 34823) allows allows a simplification, if we can assume all occurrences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 26-May-2023.)
𝑥𝐴       (∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfralv 34828* Alternate definition of restricted universal quantification (df-wl-ral ) when 𝑥 and 𝐴 are disjoint. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 23-May-2023.)
(∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-rgen 34829* Generalization rule for restricted quantification. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 10-Jun-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴𝜑)       ∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Theoremwl-rgenw 34830 Generalization rule for restricted quantification. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 10-Jun-2023.)
𝜑       ∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑
 
Theoremwl-rgen2w 34831 Generalization rule for restricted quantification. Note that 𝑥 and 𝑦 needn't be distinct. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 10-Jun-2023.)
𝜑       ∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)∀(𝑦 : 𝐵)𝜑
 
Theoremwl-ralel 34832* All elements of a class are elements of the class. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 10-Jun-2023.)
∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝑥𝐴
 
Definitiondf-wl-rex 34833 Restrict an existential quantifier to a class 𝐴. This version does not interpret elementhood verbatim as 𝑥𝐴𝜑 does. Assuming a real elementhood can lead to awkward consequences should the class 𝐴 depend on 𝑥. Instead we base the definition on df-wl-ral 34823, where this is ruled out. Other definitions are wl-dfrexsb 34838 and wl-dfrexex 34837. If 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, the defining expression can be simplified (see wl-dfrexf 34834, wl-dfrexv 34836).

This definition lets 𝑥 appear as a formal parameter with no connection to 𝐴, but occurrences in 𝜑 are fully honored. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) Isolate x from A. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)

(∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ¬ ∀(𝑥 : 𝐴) ¬ 𝜑)
 
Theoremwl-dfrexf 34834 Restricted existential quantification (df-wl-rex 34833) allows a simplification, if we can assume all occurrences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴 → (∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑)))
 
Theoremwl-dfrexfi 34835 Restricted universal quantification (df-wl-rex 34833) allows a simplification, if we can assume all occurrences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 26-May-2023.)
𝑥𝐴       (∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfrexv 34836* Alternate definition of restricted universal quantification (df-wl-rex 34833) when 𝑥 and 𝐴 are disjoint. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)
(∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfrexex 34837* Alternate definition of the restricted existential quantification (df-wl-rex 34833), according to the pattern given in df-wl-ral 34823. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)
(∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦𝐴 ∧ ∃𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑)))
 
Theoremwl-dfrexsb 34838* An alternate definition of restricted existential quantification (df-wl-rex 34833) using substitution. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 25-May-2023.)
(∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦(𝑦𝐴 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Definitiondf-wl-rmo 34839* Restrict "at most one" to a given class 𝐴. This version does not interpret elementhood verbatim like ∃*𝑥𝐴𝜑 does. Assuming a real elementhood can lead to awkward consequences should the class 𝐴 depend on 𝑥. Instead we base the definition on df-wl-ral 34823, where this is already ruled out.

This definition lets 𝑥 appear as a formal parameter with no connection to 𝐴, but occurrences in 𝜑 are fully honored.

Alternate definitions are given in wl-dfrmosb 34840 and, if 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, wl-dfrmov 34841 and wl-dfrmof 34842. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) Isolate x from A. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 26-May-2023.)

(∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃𝑦∀(𝑥 : 𝐴)(𝜑𝑥 = 𝑦))
 
Theoremwl-dfrmosb 34840* An alternate definition of restricted "at most one" (df-wl-rmo 34839) using substitution. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 27-May-2023.)
(∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑦(𝑦𝐴 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfrmov 34841* Alternate definition of restricted "at most one" (df-wl-rmo 34839) when 𝑥 and 𝐴 are disjoint. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
(∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfrmof 34842 Restricted "at most one" (df-wl-rmo 34839) allows a simplification, if we can assume all occurrences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴 → (∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃*𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑)))
 
Definitiondf-wl-reu 34843 Restrict existential uniqueness to a given class 𝐴. This version does not interpret elementhood verbatim like ∃!𝑥𝐴𝜑 does. Assuming a real elementhood can lead to awkward consequences should the class 𝐴 depend on 𝑥. Instead we base the definition on df-wl-ral 34823, where this is ruled out.

This definition lets 𝑥 appear as a formal parameter with no connection to 𝐴, but occurrences in 𝜑 are fully honored.

Alternate definitions are given in wl-dfreusb 34844 and, if 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, wl-dfreuv 34845 and wl-dfreuf 34846. (Contributed by NM, 30-Aug-1993.) Isolate x from A. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)

(∃!(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ (∃(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ∧ ∃*(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfreusb 34844* An alternate definition of restricted existential uniqueness (df-wl-reu 34843) using substitution. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
(∃!(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑦(𝑦𝐴 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfreuv 34845* Alternate definition of restricted existential uniqueness (df-wl-reu 34843) when 𝑥 and 𝐴 are disjoint. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
(∃!(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑))
 
Theoremwl-dfreuf 34846 Restricted existential uniqueness (df-wl-reu 34843) allows a simplification, if we can assume all occurrences of 𝑥 in 𝐴 are bounded. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴 → (∃!(𝑥 : 𝐴)𝜑 ↔ ∃!𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑)))
 
Definitiondf-wl-rab 34847* Define a restricted class abstraction (class builder), which is the class of all 𝑥 in 𝐴 such that 𝜑 is true. Definition of [TakeutiZaring] p. 20. (Contributed by NM, 22-Nov-1994.) Isolate x from A. (Revised by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
{𝑥 : 𝐴𝜑} = {𝑦 ∣ (𝑦𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥(𝑥 = 𝑦𝜑))}
 
Theoremwl-dfrabsb 34848* Alternate definition of restricted class abstraction (df-wl-rab 34847), using substitution. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 28-May-2023.)
{𝑥 : 𝐴𝜑} = {𝑦 ∣ (𝑦𝐴 ∧ [𝑦 / 𝑥]𝜑)}
 
Theoremwl-dfrabv 34849* Alternate definition of restricted class abstraction (df-wl-rab 34847), when 𝑥 and 𝐴 are disjoint. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 29-May-2023.)
{𝑥 : 𝐴𝜑} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝜑)}
 
Theoremwl-clelsb3df 34850 Deduction version of clelsb3f 2980. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 29-May-2023.)
𝑦𝜑    &   (𝜑𝑦𝐴)       (𝜑 → ([𝑥 / 𝑦]𝑦𝐴𝑥𝐴))
 
Theoremwl-dfrabf 34851 Alternate definition of restricted class abstraction (df-wl-rab 34847), when 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴. (Contributed by Wolf Lammen, 29-May-2023.)
(𝑥𝐴 → {𝑥 : 𝐴𝜑} = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝜑)})
 
20.19  Mathbox for Brendan Leahy
 
Theoremrabiun 34852* Abstraction restricted to an indexed union. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 26-Oct-2017.)
{𝑥 𝑦𝐴 𝐵𝜑} = 𝑦𝐴 {𝑥𝐵𝜑}
 
Theoremiundif1 34853* Indexed union of class difference with the subtrahend held constant. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 6-Aug-2018.)
𝑥𝐴 (𝐵𝐶) = ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶)
 
Theoremimadifss 34854 The difference of images is a subset of the image of the difference. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
((𝐹𝐴) ∖ (𝐹𝐵)) ⊆ (𝐹 “ (𝐴𝐵))
 
Theoremcureq 34855 Equality theorem for currying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → curry 𝐴 = curry 𝐵)
 
Theoremunceq 34856 Equality theorem for uncurrying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵 → uncurry 𝐴 = uncurry 𝐵)
 
Theoremcurf 34857 Functional property of currying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)⟶𝐶𝐵 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {∅}) ∧ 𝐶𝑊) → curry 𝐹:𝐴⟶(𝐶m 𝐵))
 
Theoremuncf 34858 Functional property of uncurrying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(𝐹:𝐴⟶(𝐶m 𝐵) → uncurry 𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)⟶𝐶)
 
Theoremcurfv 34859 Value of currying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(((𝐹 Fn (𝑉 × 𝑊) ∧ 𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) ∧ 𝑊𝑋) → ((curry 𝐹𝐴)‘𝐵) = (𝐴𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremuncov 34860 Value of uncurrying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴uncurry 𝐹𝐵) = ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝐵))
 
Theoremcurunc 34861 Currying of uncurrying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((𝐹:𝐴⟶(𝐶m 𝐵) ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅) → curry uncurry 𝐹 = 𝐹)
 
Theoremunccur 34862 Uncurrying of currying. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 5-Jun-2021.)
((𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)⟶𝐶𝐵 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {∅}) ∧ 𝐶𝑊) → uncurry curry 𝐹 = 𝐹)
 
Theoremphpreu 34863* Theorem related to pigeonhole principle. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
((𝐴 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (∀𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝑥 = 𝐶 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 ∃!𝑦𝐵 𝑥 = 𝐶))
 
Theoremfinixpnum 34864* A finite Cartesian product of numerable sets is numerable. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 24-Feb-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ Fin ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ dom card) → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ dom card)
 
Theoremfin2solem 34865* Lemma for fin2so 34866. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 29-Jun-2019.)
((𝑅 Or 𝑥 ∧ (𝑦𝑥𝑧𝑥)) → (𝑦𝑅𝑧 → {𝑤𝑥𝑤𝑅𝑦} [] {𝑤𝑥𝑤𝑅𝑧}))
 
Theoremfin2so 34866 Any totally ordered Tarski-finite set is finite; in particular, no amorphous set can be ordered. Theorem 2 of [Levy58]] p. 4. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 28-Jun-2019.)
((𝐴 ∈ FinII𝑅 Or 𝐴) → 𝐴 ∈ Fin)
 
Theoremltflcei 34867 Theorem to move the floor function across a strict inequality. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 25-Oct-2017.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → ((⌊‘𝐴) < 𝐵𝐴 < -(⌊‘-𝐵)))
 
Theoremleceifl 34868 Theorem to move the floor function across a non-strict inequality. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 25-Oct-2017.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (-(⌊‘-𝐴) ≤ 𝐵𝐴 ≤ (⌊‘𝐵)))
 
Theoremsin2h 34869 Half-angle rule for sine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 3-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (0[,](2 · π)) → (sin‘(𝐴 / 2)) = (√‘((1 − (cos‘𝐴)) / 2)))
 
Theoremcos2h 34870 Half-angle rule for cosine. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (-π[,]π) → (cos‘(𝐴 / 2)) = (√‘((1 + (cos‘𝐴)) / 2)))
 
Theoremtan2h 34871 Half-angle rule for tangent. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Aug-2018.)
(𝐴 ∈ (0[,)π) → (tan‘(𝐴 / 2)) = (√‘((1 − (cos‘𝐴)) / (1 + (cos‘𝐴)))))
 
Theoremlindsadd 34872 In a vector space, the union of an independent set and a vector not in its span is an independent set. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 4-Mar-2023.)
((𝑊 ∈ LVec ∧ 𝐹 ∈ (LIndS‘𝑊) ∧ 𝑋 ∈ ((Base‘𝑊) ∖ ((LSpan‘𝑊)‘𝐹))) → (𝐹 ∪ {𝑋}) ∈ (LIndS‘𝑊))
 
Theoremlindsdom 34873 A linearly independent set in a free linear module of finite dimension over a division ring is smaller than the dimension of the module. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((𝑅 ∈ DivRing ∧ 𝐼 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (LIndS‘(𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼))) → 𝑋𝐼)
 
Theoremlindsenlbs 34874 A maximal linearly independent set in a free module of finite dimension over a division ring is a basis. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(((𝑅 ∈ DivRing ∧ 𝐼 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑋 ∈ (LIndS‘(𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼))) ∧ 𝑋𝐼) → 𝑋 ∈ (LBasis‘(𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼)))
 
Theoremmatunitlindflem1 34875 One direction of matunitlindf 34877. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
(((𝑅 ∈ Field ∧ 𝑀:(𝐼 × 𝐼)⟶(Base‘𝑅)) ∧ 𝐼 ∈ (Fin ∖ {∅})) → (¬ curry 𝑀 LIndF (𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼) → ((𝐼 maDet 𝑅)‘𝑀) = (0g𝑅)))
 
Theoremmatunitlindflem2 34876 One direction of matunitlindf 34877. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((((𝑅 ∈ Field ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (Base‘(𝐼 Mat 𝑅))) ∧ 𝐼 ≠ ∅) ∧ curry 𝑀 LIndF (𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼)) → ((𝐼 maDet 𝑅)‘𝑀) ∈ (Unit‘𝑅))
 
Theoremmatunitlindf 34877 A matrix over a field is invertible iff the rows are linearly independent. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 2-Jun-2021.)
((𝑅 ∈ Field ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (Base‘(𝐼 Mat 𝑅))) → (𝑀 ∈ (Unit‘(𝐼 Mat 𝑅)) ↔ curry 𝑀 LIndF (𝑅 freeLMod 𝐼)))
 
Theoremptrest 34878* Expressing a restriction of a product topology as a product topology. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 24-Mar-2019.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝐴⟶Top)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝐴) → 𝑆𝑊)       (𝜑 → ((∏t𝐹) ↾t X𝑘𝐴 𝑆) = (∏t‘(𝑘𝐴 ↦ ((𝐹𝑘) ↾t 𝑆))))
 
Theoremptrecube 34879* Any point in an open set of N-space is surrounded by an open cube within that set. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 28-Sep-2020.)
𝑅 = (∏t‘((1...𝑁) × {(topGen‘ran (,))}))    &   𝐷 = ((abs ∘ − ) ↾ (ℝ × ℝ))       ((𝑆𝑅𝑃𝑆) → ∃𝑑 ∈ ℝ+ X𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)((𝑃𝑛)(ball‘𝐷)𝑑) ⊆ 𝑆)
 
Theorempoimirlem1 34880* Lemma for poimir 34912- the vertices on either side of a skipped vertex differ in at least two dimensions. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑀, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇f + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))       (𝜑 → ¬ ∃*𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)((𝐹‘(𝑀 − 1))‘𝑛) ≠ ((𝐹𝑀)‘𝑛))
 
Theorempoimirlem2 34881* Lemma for poimir 34912- consecutive vertices differ in at most one dimension. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < 𝑀, 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗(𝑇f + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))))    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑁)⟶ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁))    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ((0...𝑁) ∖ {𝑉}))       (𝜑 → ∃*𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)((𝐹‘(𝑉 − 1))‘𝑛) ≠ ((𝐹𝑉)‘𝑛))
 
Theorempoimirlem3 34882* Lemma for poimir 34912 to add an interior point to an admissible face on the back face of the cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 < 𝑁)    &   (𝜑𝑇:(1...𝑀)⟶(0..^𝐾))    &   (𝜑𝑈:(1...𝑀)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑀))       (𝜑 → (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑀)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)𝑖 = ((𝑇f + (((𝑈 “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ ((𝑈 “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑀)) × {0}))) ∪ (((𝑀 + 1)...𝑁) × {0})) / 𝑝𝐵 → (⟨(𝑇 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), 0⟩}), (𝑈 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), (𝑀 + 1)⟩})⟩ ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...(𝑀 + 1))) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...(𝑀 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑀 + 1))}) ∧ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑀)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)𝑖 = (((𝑇 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), 0⟩}) ∘f + ((((𝑈 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), (𝑀 + 1)⟩}) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((𝑈 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), (𝑀 + 1)⟩}) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...(𝑀 + 1))) × {0}))) ∪ ((((𝑀 + 1) + 1)...𝑁) × {0})) / 𝑝𝐵 ∧ ((𝑇 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), 0⟩})‘(𝑀 + 1)) = 0 ∧ ((𝑈 ∪ {⟨(𝑀 + 1), (𝑀 + 1)⟩})‘(𝑀 + 1)) = (𝑀 + 1)))))
 
Theorempoimirlem4 34883* Lemma for poimir 34912 connecting the admissible faces on the back face of the (𝑀 + 1)-cube to admissible simplices in the 𝑀-cube. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 < 𝑁)       (𝜑 → {𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑀)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑀)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑀)}) ∣ ∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑀)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)𝑖 = (((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑀)) × {0}))) ∪ (((𝑀 + 1)...𝑁) × {0})) / 𝑝𝐵} ≈ {𝑠 ∈ (((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...(𝑀 + 1))) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...(𝑀 + 1))–1-1-onto→(1...(𝑀 + 1))}) ∣ (∀𝑖 ∈ (0...𝑀)∃𝑗 ∈ (0...𝑀)𝑖 = (((1st𝑠) ∘f + ((((2nd𝑠) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd𝑠) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...(𝑀 + 1))) × {0}))) ∪ ((((𝑀 + 1) + 1)...𝑁) × {0})) / 𝑝𝐵 ∧ ((1st𝑠)‘(𝑀 + 1)) = 0 ∧ ((2nd𝑠)‘(𝑀 + 1)) = (𝑀 + 1))})
 
Theorempoimirlem5 34884* Lemma for poimir 34912 to establish that, for the simplices defined by a walk along the edges of an 𝑁-cube, if the starting vertex is not opposite a given face, it is the earliest vertex of the face on the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → 0 < (2nd𝑇))       (𝜑 → (𝐹‘0) = (1st ‘(1st𝑇)))
 
Theorempoimirlem6 34885* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing, for a face of a simplex defined by a walk along the edges of an 𝑁-cube, the single dimension in which successive vertices before the opposite vertex differ. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (1...((2nd𝑇) − 1)))       (𝜑 → (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)((𝐹‘(𝑀 − 1))‘𝑛) ≠ ((𝐹𝑀)‘𝑛)) = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇))‘𝑀))
 
Theorempoimirlem7 34886* Lemma for poimir 34912, similar to poimirlem6 34885, but for vertices after the opposite vertex. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ((((2nd𝑇) + 1) + 1)...𝑁))       (𝜑 → (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)((𝐹‘(𝑀 − 2))‘𝑛) ≠ ((𝐹‘(𝑀 − 1))‘𝑛)) = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇))‘𝑀))
 
Theorempoimirlem8 34887* Lemma for poimir 34912, establishing that away from the opposite vertex the walks in poimirlem9 34888 yield the same vertices. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑆)       (𝜑 → ((2nd ‘(1st𝑈)) ↾ ((1...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)})) = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ↾ ((1...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)})))
 
Theorempoimirlem9 34888* Lemma for poimir 34912, establishing the two walks that yield a given face when the opposite vertex is neither first nor last. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd ‘(1st𝑈)) ≠ (2nd ‘(1st𝑇)))       (𝜑 → (2nd ‘(1st𝑈)) = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ ({⟨(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)⟩, ⟨((2nd𝑇) + 1), (2nd𝑇)⟩} ∪ ( I ↾ ((1...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)})))))
 
Theorempoimirlem10 34889* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing the cube that yields the simplex that yields a face if the opposite vertex was first on the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹‘(𝑁 − 1)) ∘f − ((1...𝑁) × {1})) = (1st ‘(1st𝑇)))
 
Theorempoimirlem11 34890* Lemma for poimir 34912 connecting walks that could yield from a given cube a given face opposite the first vertex of the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 0)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑈) = 0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (1...𝑁))       (𝜑 → ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) “ (1...𝑀)) ⊆ ((2nd ‘(1st𝑈)) “ (1...𝑀)))
 
Theorempoimirlem12 34891* Lemma for poimir 34912 connecting walks that could yield from a given cube a given face opposite the final vertex of the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 𝑁)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑈) = 𝑁)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)))       (𝜑 → ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) “ (1...𝑀)) ⊆ ((2nd ‘(1st𝑈)) “ (1...𝑀)))
 
Theorempoimirlem13 34892* Lemma for poimir 34912- for at most one simplex associated with a shared face is the opposite vertex first on the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))       (𝜑 → ∃*𝑧𝑆 (2nd𝑧) = 0)
 
Theorempoimirlem14 34893* Lemma for poimir 34912- for at most one simplex associated with a shared face is the opposite vertex last on the walk. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))       (𝜑 → ∃*𝑧𝑆 (2nd𝑧) = 𝑁)
 
Theorempoimirlem15 34894* Lemma for poimir 34912, that the face in poimirlem22 34901 is a face. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) ∈ (1...(𝑁 − 1)))       (𝜑 → ⟨⟨(1st ‘(1st𝑇)), ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ ({⟨(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)⟩, ⟨((2nd𝑇) + 1), (2nd𝑇)⟩} ∪ ( I ↾ ((1...𝑁) ∖ {(2nd𝑇), ((2nd𝑇) + 1)}))))⟩, (2nd𝑇)⟩ ∈ 𝑆)
 
Theorempoimirlem16 34895* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing the vertices of the simplex of poimirlem17 34896. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 𝐾)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 0)       (𝜑𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ ((𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ (((1st ‘(1st𝑇))‘𝑛) + if(𝑛 = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇))‘1), 1, 0))) ∘f + (((((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 1, (𝑛 + 1)))) “ (1...𝑦)) × {1}) ∪ ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑛 = 𝑁, 1, (𝑛 + 1)))) “ ((𝑦 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))))
 
Theorempoimirlem17 34896* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing existence for poimirlem18 34897. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 𝐾)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 0)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)
 
Theorempoimirlem18 34897* Lemma for poimir 34912 stating that, given a face not on a front face of the main cube and a simplex in which it's opposite the first vertex on the walk, there exists exactly one other simplex containing it. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 𝐾)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 0)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)
 
Theorempoimirlem19 34898* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing the vertices of the simplex in poimirlem20 34899. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 𝑁)       (𝜑𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ ((𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ (((1st ‘(1st𝑇))‘𝑛) − if(𝑛 = ((2nd ‘(1st𝑇))‘𝑁), 1, 0))) ∘f + (((((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑛 = 1, 𝑁, (𝑛 − 1)))) “ (1...(𝑦 + 1))) × {1}) ∪ ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) ∘ (𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁) ↦ if(𝑛 = 1, 𝑁, (𝑛 − 1)))) “ (((𝑦 + 1) + 1)...𝑁)) × {0})))))
 
Theorempoimirlem20 34899* Lemma for poimir 34912 establishing existence for poimirlem21 34900. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 𝑁)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)
 
Theorempoimirlem21 34900* Lemma for poimir 34912 stating that, given a face not on a back face of the cube and a simplex in which it's opposite the final point of the walk, there exists exactly one other simplex containing it. (Contributed by Brendan Leahy, 21-Aug-2020.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   𝑆 = {𝑡 ∈ ((((0..^𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)) × {𝑓𝑓:(1...𝑁)–1-1-onto→(1...𝑁)}) × (0...𝑁)) ∣ 𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ (0...(𝑁 − 1)) ↦ if(𝑦 < (2nd𝑡), 𝑦, (𝑦 + 1)) / 𝑗((1st ‘(1st𝑡)) ∘f + ((((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ (1...𝑗)) × {1}) ∪ (((2nd ‘(1st𝑡)) “ ((𝑗 + 1)...𝑁)) × {0}))))}    &   (𝜑𝐹:(0...(𝑁 − 1))⟶((0...𝐾) ↑m (1...𝑁)))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   ((𝜑𝑛 ∈ (1...𝑁)) → ∃𝑝 ∈ ran 𝐹(𝑝𝑛) ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (2nd𝑇) = 𝑁)       (𝜑 → ∃!𝑧𝑆 𝑧𝑇)
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