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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 26801-26900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremusgr1v0e 26801 The size of a (finite) simple graph with 1 vertex is 0. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 22-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ (♯‘𝑉) = 1) → (♯‘𝐸) = 0)

Theoremusgrfilem 26802* In a finite simple graph, the number of edges is finite iff the number of edges not containing one of the vertices is finite. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 4-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 9-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (𝐸 ∈ Fin ↔ 𝐹 ∈ Fin))

Theoremfusgrfisbase 26803 Induction base for fusgrfis 26805. Main work is done in uhgr0v0e 26713. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 23-Oct-2020.)
(((𝑉𝑋𝐸𝑌) ∧ ⟨𝑉, 𝐸⟩ ∈ USGraph ∧ (♯‘𝑉) = 0) → 𝐸 ∈ Fin)

Theoremfusgrfisstep 26804* Induction step in fusgrfis 26805: In a finite simple graph, the number of edges is finite if the number of edges not containing one of the vertices is finite. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 5-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 23-Oct-2020.)
(((𝑉𝑋𝐸𝑌) ∧ ⟨𝑉, 𝐸⟩ ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (( I ↾ {𝑝 ∈ (Edg‘⟨𝑉, 𝐸⟩) ∣ 𝑁𝑝}) ∈ Fin → 𝐸 ∈ Fin))

Theoremfusgrfis 26805 A finite simple graph is of finite size, i.e. has a finite number of edges. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 6-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → (Edg‘𝐺) ∈ Fin)

Theoremfusgrfupgrfs 26806 A finite simple graph is a finite pseudograph of finite size. (Contributed by AV, 27-Dec-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph → (𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑉 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝐼 ∈ Fin))

16.2.9  Neighbors, complete graphs and universal vertices

16.2.9.1  Neighbors

Syntaxcnbgr 26807 Extend class notation with neighbors (of a vertex in a graph).
class NeighbVtx

Definitiondf-nbgr 26808* Define the (open) neighborhood resp. the class of all neighbors of a vertex (in a graph), see definition in section I.1 of [Bollobas] p. 3 or definition in section 1.1 of [Diestel] p. 3. The neighborhood/neighbors of a vertex are all (other) vertices which are connected with this vertex by an edge. In contrast to a closed neighborhood, a vertex is not a neighbor of itself. This definition is applicable even for arbitrary hypergraphs.

Remark: To distinguish this definition from other definitions for neighborhoods resp. neighbors (e.g., nei in Topology, see df-nei 21400), the suffix Vtx is added to the class constant NeighbVtx. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens and Mario Carneiro, 7-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 24-Oct-2020.)

NeighbVtx = (𝑔 ∈ V, 𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔) ↦ {𝑛 ∈ ((Vtx‘𝑔) ∖ {𝑣}) ∣ ∃𝑒 ∈ (Edg‘𝑔){𝑣, 𝑛} ⊆ 𝑒})

Theoremnbgrprc0 26809 The set of neighbors is empty if the graph 𝐺 or the vertex 𝑁 are proper classes. (Contributed by AV, 26-Oct-2020.)
(¬ (𝐺 ∈ V ∧ 𝑁 ∈ V) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = ∅)

Theoremnbgrcl 26810 If a class 𝑋 has at least one neighbor, this class must be a vertex. (Contributed by AV, 6-Jun-2021.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) → 𝑋𝑉)

Theoremnbgrval 26811* The set of neighbors of a vertex 𝑉 in a graph 𝐺. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 24-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁𝑉 → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∣ ∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑁, 𝑛} ⊆ 𝑒})

Theoremdfnbgr2 26812* Alternate definition of the neighbors of a vertex breaking up the subset relationship of an unordered pair. (Contributed by AV, 15-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁𝑉 → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∣ ∃𝑒𝐸 (𝑁𝑒𝑛𝑒)})

Theoremdfnbgr3 26813* Alternate definition of the neighbors of a vertex using the edge function instead of the edges themselves (see also nbgrval 26811). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 25-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝑁𝑉 ∧ Fun 𝐼) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∣ ∃𝑖 ∈ dom 𝐼{𝑁, 𝑛} ⊆ (𝐼𝑖)})

Theoremnbgrnvtx0 26814 If a class 𝑋 is not a vertex of a graph 𝐺, then it has no neighbors in 𝐺. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑋𝑉 → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) = ∅)

Theoremnbgrel 26815* Characterization of a neighbor 𝑁 of a vertex 𝑋 in a graph 𝐺. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens and Mario Carneiro, 9-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) ↔ ((𝑁𝑉𝑋𝑉) ∧ 𝑁𝑋 ∧ ∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑋, 𝑁} ⊆ 𝑒))

Theoremnbgrisvtx 26816 Every neighbor 𝑁 of a vertex 𝐾 is a vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) → 𝑁𝑉)

Theoremnbgrssvtx 26817 The neighbors of a vertex 𝐾 in a graph form a subset of all vertices of the graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) ⊆ 𝑉

Theoremnbuhgr 26818* The set of neighbors of a vertex in a hypergraph. This version of nbgrval 26811 (with 𝑁 being an arbitrary set instead of being a vertex) only holds for classes whose edges are subsets of the set of vertices (hypergraphs!). (Contributed by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 15-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑋) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∣ ∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑁, 𝑛} ⊆ 𝑒})

Theoremnbupgr 26819* The set of neighbors of a vertex in a pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 5-Nov-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 30-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∣ {𝑁, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremnbupgrel 26820 A neighbor of a vertex in a pseudograph. (Contributed by AV, 5-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝐾𝑉) ∧ (𝑁𝑉𝑁𝐾)) → (𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) ↔ {𝑁, 𝐾} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremnbumgrvtx 26821* The set of neighbors of a vertex in a multigraph. (Contributed by AV, 27-Nov-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 30-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UMGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {𝑁, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremnbumgr 26822* The set of neighbors of an arbitrary class in a multigraph. (Contributed by AV, 27-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ UMGraph → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {𝑁, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremnbusgrvtx 26823* The set of neighbors of a vertex in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 9-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {𝑁, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremnbusgr 26824* The set of neighbors of an arbitrary class in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 9-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 27-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ {𝑁, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremnbgr2vtx1edg 26825* If a graph has two vertices, and there is an edge between the vertices, then each vertex is the neighbor of the other vertex. (Contributed by AV, 2-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 25-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((♯‘𝑉) = 2 ∧ 𝑉𝐸) → ∀𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣))

Theoremnbuhgr2vtx1edgblem 26826* Lemma for nbuhgr2vtx1edgb 26827. This reverse direction of nbgr2vtx1edg 26825 only holds for classes whose edges are subsets of the set of vertices, which is the property of hypergraphs. (Contributed by AV, 2-Nov-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ 𝑉 = {𝑎, 𝑏} ∧ 𝑎 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑏)) → {𝑎, 𝑏} ∈ 𝐸)

Theoremnbuhgr2vtx1edgb 26827* If a hypergraph has two vertices, and there is an edge between the vertices, then each vertex is the neighbor of the other vertex. (Contributed by AV, 2-Nov-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (♯‘𝑉) = 2) → (𝑉𝐸 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)))

Theoremnbusgreledg 26828 A class/vertex is a neighbor of another class/vertex in a simple graph iff the vertices are endpoints of an edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 11-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) ↔ {𝑁, 𝐾} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremuhgrnbgr0nb 26829* A vertex which is not endpoint of an edge has no neighbor in a hypergraph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ ∀𝑒 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺)𝑁𝑒) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = ∅)

Theoremnbgr0vtxlem 26830* Lemma for nbgr0vtx 26831 and nbgr0edg 26832. (Contributed by AV, 15-Nov-2020.)
(𝜑 → ∀𝑛 ∈ ((Vtx‘𝐺) ∖ {𝐾}) ¬ ∃𝑒 ∈ (Edg‘𝐺){𝐾, 𝑛} ⊆ 𝑒)       (𝜑 → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = ∅)

Theoremnbgr0vtx 26831 In a null graph (with no vertices), all neighborhoods are empty. (Contributed by AV, 15-Nov-2020.)
((Vtx‘𝐺) = ∅ → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = ∅)

Theoremnbgr0edg 26832 In an empty graph (with no edges), every vertex has no neighbor. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 26-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 15-Nov-2020.)
((Edg‘𝐺) = ∅ → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = ∅)

Theoremnbgr1vtx 26833 In a graph with one vertex, all neighborhoods are empty. (Contributed by AV, 15-Nov-2020.)
((♯‘(Vtx‘𝐺)) = 1 → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = ∅)

Theoremnbgrnself 26834* A vertex in a graph is not a neighbor of itself. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 21-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∉ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)

Theoremnbgrnself2 26835 A class 𝑋 is not a neighbor of itself (whether it is a vertex or not). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑋 ∉ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋)

Theoremnbgrssovtx 26836 The neighbors of a vertex 𝑋 form a subset of all vertices except the vertex 𝑋 itself. Stronger version of nbgrssvtx 26817. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑋})

Theoremnbgrssvwo2 26837 The neighbors of a vertex 𝑋 form a subset of all vertices except the vertex 𝑋 itself and a class 𝑀 which is not a neighbor of 𝑋. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑀 ∉ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑋) ⊆ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑀, 𝑋}))

Theoremnbgrsym 26838 In a graph, the neighborhood relation is symmetric: a vertex 𝑁 in a graph 𝐺 is a neighbor of a second vertex 𝐾 iff the second vertex 𝐾 is a neighbor of the first vertex 𝑁. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 12-Feb-2022.)
(𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) ↔ 𝐾 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁))

Theoremnbupgrres 26839* The neighborhood of a vertex in a restricted pseudograph (not necessarily valid for a hypergraph, because 𝑁, 𝐾 and 𝑀 could be connected by one edge, so 𝑀 is a neighbor of 𝐾 in the original graph, but not in the restricted graph, because the edge between 𝑀 and 𝐾, also incident with 𝑁, was removed). (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝑆 = ⟨(𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}), ( I ↾ 𝐹)⟩       (((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁, 𝐾})) → (𝑀 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) → 𝑀 ∈ (𝑆 NeighbVtx 𝐾)))

Theoremusgrnbcnvfv 26840 Applying the edge function on the converse edge function applied on a pair of a vertex and one of its neighbors is this pair in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2020.)
𝐼 = (iEdg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾)) → (𝐼‘(𝐼‘{𝐾, 𝑁})) = {𝐾, 𝑁})

Theoremnbusgredgeu 26841* For each neighbor of a vertex there is exactly one edge between the vertex and its neighbor in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2020.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑀 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁)) → ∃!𝑒𝐸 𝑒 = {𝑀, 𝑁})

Theoremedgnbusgreu 26842* For each edge incident to a vertex there is exactly one neighbor of the vertex also incident to this edge in a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 28-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 6-Jul-2022.)
𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑁 = (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑀)       (((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑀𝑉) ∧ (𝐶𝐸𝑀𝐶)) → ∃!𝑛𝑁 𝐶 = {𝑀, 𝑛})

Theoremnbusgredgeu0 26843* For each neighbor of a vertex there is exactly one edge between the vertex and its neighbor in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 27-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑁 = (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = {𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒}       (((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) ∧ 𝑀𝑁) → ∃!𝑖𝐼 𝑖 = {𝑈, 𝑀})

Theoremnbusgrf1o0 26844* The mapping of neighbors of a vertex to edges incident to the vertex is a bijection ( 1-1 onto function) in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑁 = (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = {𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒}    &   𝐹 = (𝑛𝑁 ↦ {𝑈, 𝑛})       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → 𝐹:𝑁1-1-onto𝐼)

Theoremnbusgrf1o1 26845* The set of neighbors of a vertex is isomorphic to the set of edges containing the vertex in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝑁 = (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = {𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒}       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:𝑁1-1-onto𝐼)

Theoremnbusgrf1o 26846* The set of neighbors of a vertex is isomorphic to the set of edges containing the vertex in a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → ∃𝑓 𝑓:(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)–1-1-onto→{𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒})

Theoremnbedgusgr 26847* The number of neighbors of a vertex is the number of edges at the vertex in a simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 27-Dec-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-May-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) = (♯‘{𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒}))

Theoremedgusgrnbfin 26848* The number of neighbors of a vertex in a simple graph is finite iff the number of edges having this vertex as endpoint is finite. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 20-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈) ∈ Fin ↔ {𝑒𝐸𝑈𝑒} ∈ Fin))

Theoremnbusgrfi 26849 The class of neighbors of a vertex in a simple graph with a finite number of edges is a finite set. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Dec-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐸 ∈ Fin ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈) ∈ Fin)

Theoremnbfiusgrfi 26850 The class of neighbors of a vertex in a finite simple graph is a finite set. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 7-Mar-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (Vtx‘𝐺)) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) ∈ Fin)

Theoremhashnbusgrnn0 26851 The number of neighbors of a vertex in a finite simple graph is a nonnegative integer. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 15-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) ∈ ℕ0)

Theoremnbfusgrlevtxm1 26852 The number of neighbors of a vertex is at most the number of vertices of the graph minus 1 in a finite simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 16-Dec-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) ≤ ((♯‘𝑉) − 1))

Theoremnbfusgrlevtxm2 26853 If there is a vertex which is not a neighbor of another vertex, the number of neighbors of the other vertex is at most the number of vertices of the graph minus 2 in a finite simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 16-Dec-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) ∧ (𝑀𝑉𝑀𝑈𝑀 ∉ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈))) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) ≤ ((♯‘𝑉) − 2))

Theoremnbusgrvtxm1 26854 If the number of neighbors of a vertex in a finite simple graph is the number of vertices of the graph minus 1, each vertex except the first mentioned vertex is a neighbor of this vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) = ((♯‘𝑉) − 1) → ((𝑀𝑉𝑀𝑈) → 𝑀 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈))))

Theoremnb3grprlem1 26855 Lemma 1 for nb3grpr 26857. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 15-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph)    &   (𝜑𝑉 = {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶})    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍))       (𝜑 → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝐵, 𝐶} ↔ ({𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐴, 𝐶} ∈ 𝐸)))

Theoremnb3grprlem2 26856* Lemma 2 for nb3grpr 26857. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 17-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph)    &   (𝜑𝑉 = {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶})    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑 → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝐵, 𝐶} ↔ ∃𝑣𝑉𝑤 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝑣, 𝑤}))

Theoremnb3grpr 26857* The neighbors of a vertex in a simple graph with three elements are an unordered pair of the other vertices iff all vertices are connected with each other. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph)    &   (𝜑𝑉 = {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶})    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑 → (({𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝐶} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐶, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸) ↔ ∀𝑥𝑉𝑦𝑉𝑧 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑦})(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑥) = {𝑦, 𝑧}))

Theoremnb3grpr2 26858 The neighbors of a vertex in a simple graph with three elements are an unordered pair of the other vertices iff all vertices are connected with each other. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ USGraph)    &   (𝜑𝑉 = {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶})    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶))       (𝜑 → (({𝐴, 𝐵} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐵, 𝐶} ∈ 𝐸 ∧ {𝐶, 𝐴} ∈ 𝐸) ↔ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝐵, 𝐶} ∧ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐵) = {𝐴, 𝐶} ∧ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐶) = {𝐴, 𝐵})))

Theoremnb3gr2nb 26859 If the neighbors of two vertices in a graph with three elements are an unordered pair of the other vertices, the neighbors of all three vertices are an unordered pair of the other vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 28-Oct-2020.)
(((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍) ∧ ((Vtx‘𝐺) = {𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶} ∧ 𝐺 ∈ USGraph)) → (((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝐵, 𝐶} ∧ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐵) = {𝐴, 𝐶}) ↔ ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐴) = {𝐵, 𝐶} ∧ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐵) = {𝐴, 𝐶} ∧ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐶) = {𝐴, 𝐵})))

16.2.9.2  Universal vertices

Syntaxcuvtx 26860 Extend class notation with the universal vertices (in a graph).
class UnivVtx

Definitiondf-uvtx 26861* Define the class of all universal vertices (in graphs). A vertex is called universal if it is adjacent, i.e. connected by an edge, to all other vertices (of the graph), or equivalently, if all other vertices are its neighbors. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 24-Oct-2020.)
UnivVtx = (𝑔 ∈ V ↦ {𝑣 ∈ (Vtx‘𝑔) ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ((Vtx‘𝑔) ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 NeighbVtx 𝑣)})

Theoremuvtxval 26862* The set of all universal vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 29-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = {𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)}

Theoremuvtxel 26863* A universal vertex, i.e. an element of the set of all universal vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 29-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑁𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁)))

Theoremuvtxisvtx 26864 A universal vertex is a vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → 𝑁𝑉)

Theoremuvtxssvtx 26865 The set of the universal vertices is a subset of the set of all vertices. (Contributed by AV, 23-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ⊆ 𝑉

Theoremvtxnbuvtx 26866* A universal vertex has all other vertices as neighbors. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁))

Theoremuvtxnbgrss 26867 A universal vertex has all other vertices as neighbors. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}) ⊆ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁))

Theoremuvtxnbgrvtx 26868* A universal vertex is neighbor of all other vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → ∀𝑣 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})𝑁 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣))

Theoremuvtx0 26869 There is no universal vertex if there is no vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑉 = ∅ → (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = ∅)

Theoremisuvtx 26870* The set of all universal vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = {𝑣𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑘, 𝑣} ⊆ 𝑒}

Theoremuvtxel1 26871* Characterization of a universal vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑁𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑘, 𝑁} ⊆ 𝑒))

Theoremuvtx01vtx 26872 If a graph/class has no edges, it has universal vertices if and only if it has exactly one vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 30-Oct-2020.) (Revised by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐸 = ∅ → ((UnivVtx‘𝐺) ≠ ∅ ↔ (♯‘𝑉) = 1))

Theoremuvtx2vtx1edg 26873* If a graph has two vertices, and there is an edge between the vertices, then each vertex is universal. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 25-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (((♯‘𝑉) = 2 ∧ 𝑉𝐸) → ∀𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺))

Theoremuvtx2vtx1edgb 26874* If a hypergraph has two vertices, there is an edge between the vertices iff each vertex is universal. (Contributed by AV, 3-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ UHGraph ∧ (♯‘𝑉) = 2) → (𝑉𝐸 ↔ ∀𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺)))

Theoremuvtxnbgr 26875 A universal vertex has all other vertices as neighbors. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}))

Theoremuvtxnbgrb 26876 A vertex is universal iff all the other vertices are its neighbors. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.) (Revised by AV, 23-Mar-2021.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝑁𝑉 → (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ↔ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁) = (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})))

Theoremuvtxusgr 26877* The set of all universal vertices of a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 31-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = {𝑛𝑉 ∣ ∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑛}){𝑘, 𝑛} ∈ 𝐸})

Theoremuvtxusgrel 26878* A universal vertex, i.e. an element of the set of all universal vertices, of a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 31-Oct-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ↔ (𝑁𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑘 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}){𝑘, 𝑁} ∈ 𝐸)))

Theoremuvtxnm1nbgr 26879 A universal vertex has 𝑛 − 1 neighbors in a finite graph with 𝑛 vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 3-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑁 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺)) → (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑁)) = ((♯‘𝑉) − 1))

Theoremnbusgrvtxm1uvtx 26880 If the number of neighbors of a vertex in a finite simple graph is the number of vertices of the graph minus 1, the vertex is universal. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Dec-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → ((♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) = ((♯‘𝑉) − 1) → 𝑈 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺)))

Theoremuvtxnbvtxm1 26881 A universal vertex has 𝑛 − 1 neighbors in a finite simple graph with 𝑛 vertices. A biconditional version of nbusgrvtxm1uvtx 26880 resp. uvtxnm1nbgr 26879. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Jul-2018.) (Revised by AV, 16-Dec-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       ((𝐺 ∈ FinUSGraph ∧ 𝑈𝑉) → (𝑈 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) ↔ (♯‘(𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑈)) = ((♯‘𝑉) − 1)))

Theoremnbupgruvtxres 26882* The neighborhood of a universal vertex in a restricted pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Nov-2020.) (Proof shortened by AV, 13-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝑆 = ⟨(𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}), ( I ↾ 𝐹)⟩       (((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})) → ((𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = (𝑉 ∖ {𝐾}) → (𝑆 NeighbVtx 𝐾) = (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁, 𝐾})))

Theoremuvtxupgrres 26883* A universal vertex is universal in a restricted pseudograph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 8-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)    &   𝐹 = {𝑒𝐸𝑁𝑒}    &   𝑆 = ⟨(𝑉 ∖ {𝑁}), ( I ↾ 𝐹)⟩       (((𝐺 ∈ UPGraph ∧ 𝑁𝑉) ∧ 𝐾 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑁})) → (𝐾 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) → 𝐾 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝑆)))

16.2.9.3  Complete graphs

Syntaxccplgr 26884 Extend class notation with (arbitrary) complete graphs.
class ComplGraph

Syntaxccusgr 26885 Extend class notation with complete simple graphs.
class ComplUSGraph

Definitiondf-cplgr 26886 Define the class of all complete "graphs". A class/graph is called complete if every pair of distinct vertices is connected by an edge, i.e., each vertex has all other vertices as neighbors or, in other words, each vertex is a universal vertex. (Contributed by AV, 24-Oct-2020.) (Revised by TA, 15-Feb-2022.)
ComplGraph = {𝑔 ∣ (UnivVtx‘𝑔) = (Vtx‘𝑔)}

Definitiondf-cusgr 26887 Define the class of all complete simple graphs. A simple graph is called complete if every pair of distinct vertices is connected by a (unique) edge, see definition in section 1.1 of [Diestel] p. 3. In contrast, the definition in section I.1 of [Bollobas] p. 3 is based on the size of (finite) complete graphs, see cusgrsize 26929. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 24-Oct-2020.) (Revised by BJ, 14-Feb-2022.)
ComplUSGraph = (USGraph ∩ ComplGraph)

Theoremcplgruvtxb 26888 A graph 𝐺 is complete iff each vertex is a universal vertex. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 15-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺𝑊 → (𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph ↔ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = 𝑉))

Theoremprcliscplgr 26889* A proper class (representing a null graph, see vtxvalprc 26523) has the property of a complete graph (see also cplgr0v 26902), but cannot be an element of ComplGraph, of course. Because of this, a sethood antecedent like 𝐺𝑊 is necessary in the following theorems like iscplgr 26890. (Contributed by AV, 14-Feb-2022.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       𝐺 ∈ V → ∀𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺))

Theoremiscplgr 26890* The property of being a complete graph. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺𝑊 → (𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph ↔ ∀𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺)))

Theoremiscplgrnb 26891* A graph is complete iff all vertices are neighbors of all vertices. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺𝑊 → (𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph ↔ ∀𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})𝑛 ∈ (𝐺 NeighbVtx 𝑣)))

Theoremiscplgredg 26892* A graph 𝐺 is complete iff all vertices are connected with each other by (at least) one edge. (Contributed by AV, 10-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺𝑊 → (𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph ↔ ∀𝑣𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑣})∃𝑒𝐸 {𝑣, 𝑛} ⊆ 𝑒))

Theoremiscusgr 26893 The property of being a complete simple graph. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ 𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph))

Theoremcusgrusgr 26894 A complete simple graph is a simple graph. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 13-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph → 𝐺 ∈ USGraph)

Theoremcusgrcplgr 26895 A complete simple graph is a complete graph. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
(𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph → 𝐺 ∈ ComplGraph)

Theoremiscusgrvtx 26896* A simple graph is complete iff all vertices are uniuversal. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ ∀𝑣𝑉 𝑣 ∈ (UnivVtx‘𝐺)))

Theoremcusgruvtxb 26897 A simple graph is complete iff the set of vertices is the set of universal vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 14-Oct-2017.) (Revised by Alexander van der Vekens, 18-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ USGraph → (𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph ↔ (UnivVtx‘𝐺) = 𝑉))

Theoremiscusgredg 26898* A simple graph is complete iff all vertices are connected by an edge. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Oct-2017.) (Revised by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph ↔ (𝐺 ∈ USGraph ∧ ∀𝑘𝑉𝑛 ∈ (𝑉 ∖ {𝑘}){𝑛, 𝑘} ∈ 𝐸))

Theoremcusgredg 26899* In a complete simple graph, the edges are all the pairs of different vertices. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 12-Jan-2018.) (Revised by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
𝑉 = (Vtx‘𝐺)    &   𝐸 = (Edg‘𝐺)       (𝐺 ∈ ComplUSGraph → 𝐸 = {𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑉 ∣ (♯‘𝑥) = 2})

Theoremcplgr0 26900 The null graph (with no vertices and no edges) represented by the empty set is a complete graph. (Contributed by AV, 1-Nov-2020.)
∅ ∈ ComplGraph

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