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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 7601-7700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremfindsg 7601* Principle of Finite Induction (inference schema), using implicit substitutions. The first four hypotheses establish the substitutions we need. The last two are the basis and the induction step. The basis of this version is an arbitrary natural number 𝐵 instead of zero. (Contributed by NM, 16-Sep-1995.)
(𝑥 = 𝐵 → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = suc 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴 → (𝜑𝜏))    &   (𝐵 ∈ ω → 𝜓)    &   (((𝑦 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐵𝑦) → (𝜒𝜃))       (((𝐴 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ω) ∧ 𝐵𝐴) → 𝜏)
 
Theoremfinds2 7602* Principle of Finite Induction (inference schema), using implicit substitutions. The first three hypotheses establish the substitutions we need. The last two are the basis and the induction step. Theorem Schema 22 of [Suppes] p. 136. (Contributed by NM, 29-Nov-2002.)
(𝑥 = ∅ → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = suc 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜃))    &   (𝜏𝜓)    &   (𝑦 ∈ ω → (𝜏 → (𝜒𝜃)))       (𝑥 ∈ ω → (𝜏𝜑))
 
Theoremfinds1 7603* Principle of Finite Induction (inference schema), using implicit substitutions. The first three hypotheses establish the substitutions we need. The last two are the basis and the induction step. Theorem Schema 22 of [Suppes] p. 136. (Contributed by NM, 22-Mar-2006.)
(𝑥 = ∅ → (𝜑𝜓))    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜒))    &   (𝑥 = suc 𝑦 → (𝜑𝜃))    &   𝜓    &   (𝑦 ∈ ω → (𝜒𝜃))       (𝑥 ∈ ω → 𝜑)
 
Theoremfindes 7604 Finite induction with explicit substitution. The first hypothesis is the basis and the second is the induction step. Theorem Schema 22 of [Suppes] p. 136. See tfindes 7569 for the transfinite version. This is an alternative for Metamath 100 proof #74. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 9-Jul-2003.)
[∅ / 𝑥]𝜑    &   (𝑥 ∈ ω → (𝜑[suc 𝑥 / 𝑥]𝜑))       (𝑥 ∈ ω → 𝜑)
 
2.4.7  Relations and functions (cont.)
 
Theoremdmexg 7605 The domain of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(2) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1995.)
(𝐴𝑉 → dom 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremrnexg 7606 The range of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(3) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. Similar to Lemma 3D of [Enderton] p. 41. (Contributed by NM, 31-Mar-1995.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ran 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremdmexd 7607 The domain of a set is a set. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 26-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)       (𝜑 → dom 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremdmex 7608 The domain of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(2) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jul-2008.)
𝐴 ∈ V       dom 𝐴 ∈ V
 
Theoremrnex 7609 The range of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(3) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. Similar to Lemma 3D of [Enderton] p. 41. (Contributed by NM, 7-Jul-2008.)
𝐴 ∈ V       ran 𝐴 ∈ V
 
Theoremiprc 7610 The identity function is a proper class. This means, for example, that we cannot use it as a member of the class of continuous functions unless it is restricted to a set, as in idcn 21857. (Contributed by NM, 1-Jan-2007.)
¬ I ∈ V
 
Theoremresiexg 7611 The existence of a restricted identity function, proved without using the Axiom of Replacement (unlike resfunexg 6970). (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2007.) (Proof shortened by Peter Mazsa, 2-Oct-2022.)
(𝐴𝑉 → ( I ↾ 𝐴) ∈ V)
 
Theoremimaexg 7612 The image of a set is a set. Theorem 3.17 of [Monk1] p. 39. (Contributed by NM, 24-Jul-1995.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremimaex 7613 The image of a set is a set. Theorem 3.17 of [Monk1] p. 39. (Contributed by JJ, 24-Sep-2021.)
𝐴 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V
 
Theoremexse2 7614 Any set relation is set-like. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2015.)
(𝑅𝑉𝑅 Se 𝐴)
 
Theoremxpexr 7615 If a Cartesian product is a set, one of its components must be a set. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-2006.)
((𝐴 × 𝐵) ∈ 𝐶 → (𝐴 ∈ V ∨ 𝐵 ∈ V))
 
Theoremxpexr2 7616 If a nonempty Cartesian product is a set, so are both of its components. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-2006.)
(((𝐴 × 𝐵) ∈ 𝐶 ∧ (𝐴 × 𝐵) ≠ ∅) → (𝐴 ∈ V ∧ 𝐵 ∈ V))
 
Theoremxpexcnv 7617 A condition where the converse of xpex 7468 holds as well. Corollary 6.9(2) in [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by Andrew Salmon, 13-Nov-2011.)
((𝐵 ≠ ∅ ∧ (𝐴 × 𝐵) ∈ V) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremsoex 7618 If the relation in a strict order is a set, then the base field is also a set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Apr-2015.)
((𝑅 Or 𝐴𝑅𝑉) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremelxp4 7619 Membership in a Cartesian product. This version requires no quantifiers or dummy variables. See also elxp5 7620, elxp6 7715, and elxp7 7716. (Contributed by NM, 17-Feb-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 × 𝐶) ↔ (𝐴 = ⟨ dom {𝐴}, ran {𝐴}⟩ ∧ ( dom {𝐴} ∈ 𝐵 ran {𝐴} ∈ 𝐶)))
 
Theoremelxp5 7620 Membership in a Cartesian product requiring no quantifiers or dummy variables. Provides a slightly shorter version of elxp4 7619 when the double intersection does not create class existence problems (caused by int0 4881). (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2004.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵 × 𝐶) ↔ (𝐴 = ⟨ 𝐴, ran {𝐴}⟩ ∧ ( 𝐴𝐵 ran {𝐴} ∈ 𝐶)))
 
Theoremcnvexg 7621 The converse of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 17-Mar-1998.)
(𝐴𝑉𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremcnvex 7622 The converse of a set is a set. Corollary 6.8(1) of [TakeutiZaring] p. 26. (Contributed by NM, 19-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V       𝐴 ∈ V
 
Theoremrelcnvexb 7623 A relation is a set iff its converse is a set. (Contributed by FL, 3-Mar-2007.)
(Rel 𝑅 → (𝑅 ∈ V ↔ 𝑅 ∈ V))
 
Theoremf1oexrnex 7624 If the range of a 1-1 onto function is a set, the function itself is a set. (Contributed by AV, 2-Jun-2019.)
((𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝐵𝑉) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremf1oexbi 7625* There is a one-to-one onto function from a set to a second set iff there is a one-to-one onto function from the second set to the first set. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 30-Sep-2018.)
(∃𝑓 𝑓:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑔 𝑔:𝐵1-1-onto𝐴)
 
Theoremcoexg 7626 The composition of two sets is a set. (Contributed by NM, 19-Mar-1998.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremcoex 7627 The composition of two sets is a set. (Contributed by NM, 15-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V
 
Theoremfuncnvuni 7628* The union of a chain (with respect to inclusion) of single-rooted sets is single-rooted. (See funcnv 6416 for "single-rooted" definition.) (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2004.)
(∀𝑓𝐴 (Fun 𝑓 ∧ ∀𝑔𝐴 (𝑓𝑔𝑔𝑓)) → Fun 𝐴)
 
Theoremfun11uni 7629* The union of a chain (with respect to inclusion) of one-to-one functions is a one-to-one function. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2004.)
(∀𝑓𝐴 ((Fun 𝑓 ∧ Fun 𝑓) ∧ ∀𝑔𝐴 (𝑓𝑔𝑔𝑓)) → (Fun 𝐴 ∧ Fun 𝐴))
 
Theoremfex2 7630 A function with bounded domain and range is a set. This version of fex 6981 is proven without the Axiom of Replacement. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
((𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremfabexg 7631* Existence of a set of functions. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 25-Feb-2008.)
𝐹 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥:𝐴𝐵𝜑)}       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremfabex 7632* Existence of a set of functions. (Contributed by NM, 3-Dec-2007.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = {𝑥 ∣ (𝑥:𝐴𝐵𝜑)}       𝐹 ∈ V
 
Theoremdmfex 7633 If a mapping is a set, its domain is a set. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-2006.) (Proof shortened by Andrew Salmon, 17-Sep-2011.)
((𝐹𝐶𝐹:𝐴𝐵) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremf1oabexg 7634* The class of all 1-1-onto functions mapping one set to another is a set. (Contributed by Paul Chapman, 25-Feb-2008.)
𝐹 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵𝜑)}       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremfiunlem 7635* Lemma for fiun 7636 and f1iun 7637. Formerly part of f1iun 7637. (Contributed by AV, 6-Oct-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       (((𝐵:𝐷𝑆 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐵)) ∧ 𝑢 = 𝐵) → ∀𝑣 ∈ {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑧 = 𝐵} (𝑢𝑣𝑣𝑢))
 
Theoremfiun 7636* The union of a chain (with respect to inclusion) of functions is a function. Analogous to f1iun 7637. (Contributed by AV, 6-Oct-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐵:𝐷𝑆 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐵)) → 𝑥𝐴 𝐵: 𝑥𝐴 𝐷𝑆)
 
Theoremf1iun 7637* The union of a chain (with respect to inclusion) of one-to-one functions is a one-to-one function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-May-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.) (Proof shortened by AV, 5-Nov-2023.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐵:𝐷1-1𝑆 ∧ ∀𝑦𝐴 (𝐵𝐶𝐶𝐵)) → 𝑥𝐴 𝐵: 𝑥𝐴 𝐷1-1𝑆)
 
Theoremfviunfun 7638* The function value of an indexed union is the value of one of the indexed functions. (Contributed by AV, 4-Nov-2023.)
𝑈 = 𝑖𝐼 (𝐹𝑖)       ((Fun 𝑈𝐽𝐼𝑋 ∈ dom (𝐹𝐽)) → (𝑈𝑋) = ((𝐹𝐽)‘𝑋))
 
Theoremffoss 7639* Relationship between a mapping and an onto mapping. Figure 38 of [Enderton] p. 145. (Contributed by NM, 10-May-1998.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹:𝐴𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐹:𝐴onto𝑥𝑥𝐵))
 
Theoremf11o 7640* Relationship between one-to-one and one-to-one onto function. (Contributed by NM, 4-Apr-1998.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵 ↔ ∃𝑥(𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝑥𝑥𝐵))
 
TheoremresfunexgALT 7641 Alternate proof of resfunexg 6970, shorter but requiring ax-pow 5257 and ax-un 7453. (Contributed by NM, 7-Apr-1995.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((Fun 𝐴𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremcofunexg 7642 Existence of a composition when the first member is a function. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-2007.)
((Fun 𝐴𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremcofunex2g 7643 Existence of a composition when the second member is one-to-one. (Contributed by NM, 8-Oct-2007.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ Fun 𝐵) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ V)
 
TheoremfnexALT 7644 Alternate proof of fnex 6972, derived using the Axiom of Replacement in the form of funimaexg 6433. This version uses ax-pow 5257 and ax-un 7453, whereas fnex 6972 does not. (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-1994.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐹 Fn 𝐴𝐴𝐵) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremfunexw 7645 Weak version of funex 6974 that holds without ax-rep 5181. If the domain and codomain of a function exist, so does the function. (Contributed by Rohan Ridenour, 13-Aug-2023.)
((Fun 𝐹 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵 ∧ ran 𝐹𝐶) → 𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremmptexw 7646* Weak version of mptex 6978 that holds without ax-rep 5181. If the domain and codomain of a function given by maps-to notation are sets, the function is a set. (Contributed by Rohan Ridenour, 13-Aug-2023.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶       (𝑥𝐴𝐵) ∈ V
 
Theoremfunrnex 7647 If the domain of a function exists, so does its range. Part of Theorem 4.15(v) of [Monk1] p. 46. This theorem is derived using the Axiom of Replacement in the form of funex 6974. (Contributed by NM, 11-Nov-1995.)
(dom 𝐹𝐵 → (Fun 𝐹 → ran 𝐹 ∈ V))
 
Theoremzfrep6 7648* A version of the Axiom of Replacement. Normally 𝜑 would have free variables 𝑥 and 𝑦. Axiom 6 of [Kunen] p. 12. The Separation Scheme ax-sep 5194 cannot be derived from this version and must be stated as a separate axiom in an axiom system (such as Kunen's) that uses this version in place of our ax-rep 5181. (Contributed by NM, 10-Oct-2003.)
(∀𝑥𝑧 ∃!𝑦𝜑 → ∃𝑤𝑥𝑧𝑦𝑤 𝜑)
 
Theoremfornex 7649 If the domain of an onto function exists, so does its codomain. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jul-2004.)
(𝐴𝐶 → (𝐹:𝐴onto𝐵𝐵 ∈ V))
 
Theoremf1dmex 7650 If the codomain of a one-to-one function exists, so does its domain. This theorem is equivalent to the Axiom of Replacement ax-rep 5181. (Contributed by NM, 4-Sep-2004.)
((𝐹:𝐴1-1𝐵𝐵𝐶) → 𝐴 ∈ V)
 
Theoremf1ovv 7651 The range of a 1-1 onto function is a set iff its domain is a set. (Contributed by AV, 21-Mar-2019.)
(𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵 → (𝐴 ∈ V ↔ 𝐵 ∈ V))
 
Theoremfvclex 7652* Existence of the class of values of a set. (Contributed by NM, 9-Nov-1995.)
𝐹 ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑦 = (𝐹𝑥)} ∈ V
 
Theoremfvresex 7653* Existence of the class of values of a restricted class. (Contributed by NM, 14-Nov-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Sep-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥 𝑦 = ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑥)} ∈ V
 
Theoremabrexexg 7654* Existence of a class abstraction of existentially restricted sets. The class 𝐵 can be thought of as an expression in 𝑥 (which is typically a free variable in the class expression substituted for 𝐵) and the class abstraction appearing in the statement as the class of values 𝐵 as 𝑥 varies through 𝐴. If the "domain" 𝐴 is a set, then the abstraction is also a set. Therefore, this statement is a kind of Replacement. This can be seen by tracing back through the path mptexg 6976, funex 6974, fnex 6972, resfunexg 6970, and funimaexg 6433. See also abrexex2g 7657. There are partial converses under additional conditions, see for instance abnexg 7470. (Contributed by NM, 3-Nov-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = 𝐵} ∈ V)
 
Theoremabrexex 7655* Existence of a class abstraction of existentially restricted sets. See the comment of abrexexg 7654. See also abrexex2 7662. (Contributed by NM, 16-Oct-2003.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝑦 = 𝐵} ∈ V
 
Theoremiunexg 7656* The existence of an indexed union. 𝑥 is normally a free-variable parameter in 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 23-Mar-2006.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑊) → 𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ V)
 
Theoremabrexex2g 7657* Existence of an existentially restricted class abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
((𝐴𝑉 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 {𝑦𝜑} ∈ 𝑊) → {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑} ∈ V)
 
Theoremopabex3d 7658* Existence of an ordered pair abstraction, deduction version. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 19-Oct-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → {𝑦𝜓} ∈ V)       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝜓)} ∈ V)
 
Theoremopabex3rd 7659* Existence of an ordered pair abstraction if the second components are elements of a set. (Contributed by AV, 17-Sep-2023.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)    &   ((𝜑𝑦𝐴) → {𝑥𝜓} ∈ V)       (𝜑 → {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑦𝐴𝜓)} ∈ V)
 
Theoremopabex3 7660* Existence of an ordered pair abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝑥𝐴 → {𝑦𝜑} ∈ V)       {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐴𝜑)} ∈ V
 
Theoremiunex 7661* The existence of an indexed union. 𝑥 is normally a free-variable parameter in the class expression substituted for 𝐵, which can be read informally as 𝐵(𝑥). (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V        𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ V
 
Theoremabrexex2 7662* Existence of an existentially restricted class abstraction. 𝜑 normally has free-variable parameters 𝑥 and 𝑦. See also abrexex 7655. (Contributed by NM, 12-Sep-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   {𝑦𝜑} ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝜑} ∈ V
 
Theoremabexssex 7663* Existence of a class abstraction with an existentially quantified expression. Both 𝑥 and 𝑦 can be free in 𝜑. (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   {𝑦𝜑} ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥(𝑥𝐴𝜑)} ∈ V
 
Theoremabexex 7664* A condition where a class builder continues to exist after its wff is existentially quantified. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-2007.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   (𝜑𝑥𝐴)    &   {𝑦𝜑} ∈ V       {𝑦 ∣ ∃𝑥𝜑} ∈ V
 
Theoremf1oweALT 7665* Alternate proof of f1owe 7098, more direct since not using the isomorphism predicate, but requiring ax-un 7453. (Contributed by NM, 4-Mar-1997.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑅 = {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝐹𝑥)𝑆(𝐹𝑦)}       (𝐹:𝐴1-1-onto𝐵 → (𝑆 We 𝐵𝑅 We 𝐴))
 
Theoremwemoiso 7666* Thus, there is at most one isomorphism between any two well-ordered sets. TODO: Shorten finnisoeu 9531. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2015.)
(𝑅 We 𝐴 → ∃*𝑓 𝑓 Isom 𝑅, 𝑆 (𝐴, 𝐵))
 
Theoremwemoiso2 7667* Thus, there is at most one isomorphism between any two well-ordered sets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 12-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jun-2015.)
(𝑆 We 𝐵 → ∃*𝑓 𝑓 Isom 𝑅, 𝑆 (𝐴, 𝐵))
 
Theoremoprabexd 7668* Existence of an operator abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ V)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵)) → ∃*𝑧𝜓)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝜓)})       (𝜑𝐹 ∈ V)
 
Theoremoprabex 7669* Existence of an operation class abstraction. (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   ((𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵) → ∃*𝑧𝜑)    &   𝐹 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵) ∧ 𝜑)}       𝐹 ∈ V
 
Theoremoprabex3 7670* Existence of an operation class abstraction (special case). (Contributed by NM, 19-Oct-2004.)
𝐻 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝐻 × 𝐻) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝐻 × 𝐻)) ∧ ∃𝑤𝑣𝑢𝑓((𝑥 = ⟨𝑤, 𝑣⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑢, 𝑓⟩) ∧ 𝑧 = 𝑅))}       𝐹 ∈ V
 
Theoremoprabrexex2 7671* Existence of an existentially restricted operation abstraction. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 11-Jun-2010.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ 𝜑} ∈ V       {⟨⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩, 𝑧⟩ ∣ ∃𝑤𝐴 𝜑} ∈ V
 
Theoremab2rexex 7672* Existence of a class abstraction of existentially restricted sets. Variables 𝑥 and 𝑦 are normally free-variable parameters in the class expression substituted for 𝐶, which can be thought of as 𝐶(𝑥, 𝑦). See comments for abrexex 7655. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝑧 = 𝐶} ∈ V
 
Theoremab2rexex2 7673* Existence of an existentially restricted class abstraction. 𝜑 normally has free-variable parameters 𝑥, 𝑦, and 𝑧. Compare abrexex2 7662. (Contributed by NM, 20-Sep-2011.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   {𝑧𝜑} ∈ V       {𝑧 ∣ ∃𝑥𝐴𝑦𝐵 𝜑} ∈ V
 
TheoremxpexgALT 7674 Alternate proof of xpexg 7465 requiring Replacement (ax-rep 5181) but not Power Set (ax-pow 5257). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-May-2013.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐴 × 𝐵) ∈ V)
 
Theoremoffval3 7675* General value of (𝐹f 𝑅𝐺) with no assumptions on functionality of 𝐹 and 𝐺. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐺𝑊) → (𝐹f 𝑅𝐺) = (𝑥 ∈ (dom 𝐹 ∩ dom 𝐺) ↦ ((𝐹𝑥)𝑅(𝐺𝑥))))
 
Theoremoffres 7676 Pointwise combination commutes with restriction. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
((𝐹𝑉𝐺𝑊) → ((𝐹f 𝑅𝐺) ↾ 𝐷) = ((𝐹𝐷) ∘f 𝑅(𝐺𝐷)))
 
Theoremofmres 7677* Equivalent expressions for a restriction of the function operation map. Unlike f 𝑅 which is a proper class, ( ∘f 𝑅 ↾ (𝐴 × 𝐵)) can be a set by ofmresex 7678, allowing it to be used as a function or structure argument. By ofmresval 7414, the restricted operation map values are the same as the original values, allowing theorems for f 𝑅 to be reused. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2014.)
( ∘f 𝑅 ↾ (𝐴 × 𝐵)) = (𝑓𝐴, 𝑔𝐵 ↦ (𝑓f 𝑅𝑔))
 
Theoremofmresex 7678 Existence of a restriction of the function operation map. (Contributed by NM, 20-Oct-2014.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)       (𝜑 → ( ∘f 𝑅 ↾ (𝐴 × 𝐵)) ∈ V)
 
2.4.8  First and second members of an ordered pair
 
Syntaxc1st 7679 Extend the definition of a class to include the first member an ordered pair function.
class 1st
 
Syntaxc2nd 7680 Extend the definition of a class to include the second member an ordered pair function.
class 2nd
 
Definitiondf-1st 7681 Define a function that extracts the first member, or abscissa, of an ordered pair. Theorem op1st 7689 proves that it does this. For example, (1st ‘⟨3, 4⟩) = 3. Equivalent to Definition 5.13 (i) of [Monk1] p. 52 (compare op1sta 6075 and op1stb 5354). The notation is the same as Monk's. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-2004.)
1st = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ dom {𝑥})
 
Definitiondf-2nd 7682 Define a function that extracts the second member, or ordinate, of an ordered pair. Theorem op2nd 7690 proves that it does this. For example, (2nd ‘⟨3, 4⟩) = 4. Equivalent to Definition 5.13 (ii) of [Monk1] p. 52 (compare op2nda 6078 and op2ndb 6077). The notation is the same as Monk's. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-2004.)
2nd = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ ran {𝑥})
 
Theorem1stval 7683 The value of the function that extracts the first member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
(1st𝐴) = dom {𝐴}
 
Theorem2ndval 7684 The value of the function that extracts the second member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 9-Oct-2004.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
(2nd𝐴) = ran {𝐴}
 
Theorem1stnpr 7685 Value of the first-member function at non-pairs. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Sep-2017.)
𝐴 ∈ (V × V) → (1st𝐴) = ∅)
 
Theorem2ndnpr 7686 Value of the second-member function at non-pairs. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Sep-2017.)
𝐴 ∈ (V × V) → (2nd𝐴) = ∅)
 
Theorem1st0 7687 The value of the first-member function at the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-2007.)
(1st ‘∅) = ∅
 
Theorem2nd0 7688 The value of the second-member function at the empty set. (Contributed by NM, 23-Apr-2007.)
(2nd ‘∅) = ∅
 
Theoremop1st 7689 Extract the first member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Oct-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (1st ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) = 𝐴
 
Theoremop2nd 7690 Extract the second member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 5-Oct-2004.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (2nd ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) = 𝐵
 
Theoremop1std 7691 Extract the first member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐶 = ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → (1st𝐶) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremop2ndd 7692 Extract the second member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Aug-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐶 = ⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩ → (2nd𝐶) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremop1stg 7693 Extract the first member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2005.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (1st ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremop2ndg 7694 Extract the second member of an ordered pair. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2005.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (2nd ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremot1stg 7695 Extract the first member of an ordered triple. (Due to infrequent usage, it isn't worthwhile at this point to define special extractors for triples, so we reuse the ordered pair extractors for ot1stg 7695, ot2ndg 7696, ot3rdg 7697.) (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-May-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (1st ‘(1st ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 𝐴)
 
Theoremot2ndg 7696 Extract the second member of an ordered triple. (See ot1stg 7695 comment.) (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 2-May-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶𝑋) → (2nd ‘(1st ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩)) = 𝐵)
 
Theoremot3rdg 7697 Extract the third member of an ordered triple. (See ot1stg 7695 comment.) (Contributed by NM, 3-Apr-2015.)
(𝐶𝑉 → (2nd ‘⟨𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = 𝐶)
 
Theorem1stval2 7698 Alternate value of the function that extracts the first member of an ordered pair. Definition 5.13 (i) of [Monk1] p. 52. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-2006.)
(𝐴 ∈ (V × V) → (1st𝐴) = 𝐴)
 
Theorem2ndval2 7699 Alternate value of the function that extracts the second member of an ordered pair. Definition 5.13 (ii) of [Monk1] p. 52. (Contributed by NM, 18-Aug-2006.)
(𝐴 ∈ (V × V) → (2nd𝐴) = {𝐴})
 
Theoremoteqimp 7700 The components of an ordered triple. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 2-Mar-2018.)
(𝑇 = ⟨𝐴, 𝐵, 𝐶⟩ → ((𝐴𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐶𝑍) → ((1st ‘(1st𝑇)) = 𝐴 ∧ (2nd ‘(1st𝑇)) = 𝐵 ∧ (2nd𝑇) = 𝐶)))
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