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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 8401-8500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement
 
Theoremecopovsym 8401* Assuming the operation 𝐹 is commutative, show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is symmetric. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)       (𝐴 𝐵𝐵 𝐴)
 
Theoremecopovtrn 8402* Assuming that operation 𝐹 is commutative (second hypothesis), closed (third hypothesis), associative (fourth hypothesis), and has the cancellation property (fifth hypothesis), show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 11-Feb-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + 𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))       ((𝐴 𝐵𝐵 𝐶) → 𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremecopover 8403* Assuming that operation 𝐹 is commutative (second hypothesis), closed (third hypothesis), associative (fourth hypothesis), and has the cancellation property (fifth hypothesis), show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.) (Proof shortened by AV, 1-May-2021.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + 𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))        Er (𝑆 × 𝑆)
 
Theoremeceqoveq 8404* Equality of equivalence relation in terms of an operation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Feb-1996.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
Er (𝑆 × 𝑆)    &   dom + = (𝑆 × 𝑆)    &    ¬ ∅ ∈ 𝑆    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) ∧ (𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑆)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐷) = (𝐵 + 𝐶)))       ((𝐴𝑆𝐶𝑆) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] = [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐷) = (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremecovcom 8405* Lemma used to transfer a commutative law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐶 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝐷, 𝐺⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] ) = [⟨𝐻, 𝐽⟩] )    &   𝐷 = 𝐻    &   𝐺 = 𝐽       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐵 + 𝐴))
 
Theoremecovass 8406* Lemma used to transfer an associative law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 31-Aug-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐷 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑁, 𝑄⟩] )    &   (((𝐺𝑆𝐻𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝐽, 𝐾⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑁𝑆𝑄𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑁, 𝑄⟩] ) = [⟨𝐿, 𝑀⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → (𝐺𝑆𝐻𝑆))    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑁𝑆𝑄𝑆))    &   𝐽 = 𝐿    &   𝐾 = 𝑀       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐶𝐷) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)))
 
Theoremecovdi 8407* Lemma used to transfer a distributive law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 2-Sep-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐷 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑀𝑆𝑁𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩] ) = [⟨𝐻, 𝐽⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝑊, 𝑋⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑌, 𝑍⟩] )    &   (((𝑊𝑆𝑋𝑆) ∧ (𝑌𝑆𝑍𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑊, 𝑋⟩] + [⟨𝑌, 𝑍⟩] ) = [⟨𝐾, 𝐿⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑀𝑆𝑁𝑆))    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → (𝑊𝑆𝑋𝑆))    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑌𝑆𝑍𝑆))    &   𝐻 = 𝐾    &   𝐽 = 𝐿       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐶𝐷) → (𝐴 · (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 · 𝐵) + (𝐴 · 𝐶)))
 
2.4.22  The mapping operation
 
Syntaxcmap 8408 Extend the definition of a class to include the mapping operation. (Read for 𝐴m 𝐵, "the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴.)
class m
 
Syntaxcpm 8409 Extend the definition of a class to include the partial mapping operation. (Read for 𝐴pm 𝐵, "the set of all partial functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴.)
class pm
 
Definitiondf-map 8410* Define the mapping operation or set exponentiation. The set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is written (𝐴m 𝐵) (see mapval 8420). Many authors write 𝐴 followed by 𝐵 as a superscript for this operation and rely on context to avoid confusion other exponentiation operations (e.g., Definition 10.42 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 95). Other authors show 𝐵 as a prefixed superscript, which is read "𝐴 pre 𝐵 " (e.g., definition of [Enderton] p. 52). Definition 8.21 of [Eisenberg] p. 125 uses the notation Map(𝐵, 𝐴) for our (𝐴m 𝐵). The up-arrow is used by Donald Knuth for iterated exponentiation (Science 194, 1235-1242, 1976). We adopt the first case of his notation (simple exponentiation) and subscript it with m to distinguish it from other kinds of exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
m = (𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑓𝑓:𝑦𝑥})
 
Definitiondf-pm 8411* Define the partial mapping operation. A partial function from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is a function from a subset of 𝐵 to 𝐴. The set of all partial functions from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is written (𝐴pm 𝐵) (see pmvalg 8419). A notation for this operation apparently does not appear in the literature. We use pm to distinguish it from the less general set exponentiation operation m (df-map 8410). See mapsspm 8442 for its relationship to set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.)
pm = (𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑓 ∈ 𝒫 (𝑦 × 𝑥) ∣ Fun 𝑓})
 
Theoremmapprc 8412* When 𝐴 is a proper class, the class of all functions mapping 𝐴 to 𝐵 is empty. Exercise 4.41 of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V → {𝑓𝑓:𝐴𝐵} = ∅)
 
Theorempmex 8413* The class of all partial functions from one set to another is a set. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → {𝑓 ∣ (Fun 𝑓𝑓 ⊆ (𝐴 × 𝐵))} ∈ V)
 
Theoremmapex 8414* The class of all functions mapping one set to another is a set. Remark after Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 31. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 4-Dec-2003.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → {𝑓𝑓:𝐴𝐵} ∈ V)
 
Theoremfnmap 8415 Set exponentiation has a universal domain. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
m Fn (V × V)
 
Theoremfnpm 8416 Partial function exponentiation has a universal domain. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
pm Fn (V × V)
 
Theoremreldmmap 8417 Set exponentiation is a well-behaved binary operator. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Feb-2015.)
Rel dom ↑m
 
Theoremmapvalg 8418* The value of set exponentiation. (𝐴m 𝐵) is the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 24. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴m 𝐵) = {𝑓𝑓:𝐵𝐴})
 
Theorempmvalg 8419* The value of the partial mapping operation. (𝐴pm 𝐵) is the set of all partial functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴pm 𝐵) = {𝑓 ∈ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴) ∣ Fun 𝑓})
 
Theoremmapval 8420* The value of set exponentiation (inference version). (𝐴m 𝐵) is the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 24. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m 𝐵) = {𝑓𝑓:𝐵𝐴}
 
Theoremelmapg 8421 Membership relation for set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 17-Oct-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐶:𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremelmapd 8422 Deduction form of elmapg 8421. (Contributed by BJ, 11-Apr-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐶:𝐵𝐴))
 
Theoremmapdm0 8423 The empty set is the only map with empty domain. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Dec-2021.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐵m ∅) = {∅})
 
Theoremelpmg 8424 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (Fun 𝐶𝐶 ⊆ (𝐵 × 𝐴))))
 
Theoremelpm2g 8425 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵)))
 
Theoremelpm2r 8426 Sufficient condition for being a partial function. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2013.)
(((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) ∧ (𝐹:𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵))
 
Theoremelpmi 8427 A partial function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2015.)
(𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) → (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵))
 
Theorempmfun 8428 A partial function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Jan-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) → Fun 𝐹)
 
Theoremelmapex 8429 Eliminate antecedent for mapping theorems: domain can be taken to be a set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 8-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → (𝐵 ∈ V ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V))
 
Theoremelmapi 8430 A mapping is a function, forward direction only with superfluous antecedent removed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 10-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → 𝐴:𝐶𝐵)
 
Theoremelmapfn 8431 A mapping is a function with the appropriate domain. (Contributed by AV, 6-Apr-2019.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → 𝐴 Fn 𝐶)
 
Theoremelmapfun 8432 A mapping is always a function. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-May-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → Fun 𝐴)
 
Theoremelmapssres 8433 A restricted mapping is a mapping. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) ∧ 𝐷𝐶) → (𝐴𝐷) ∈ (𝐵m 𝐷))
 
Theoremfpmg 8434 A total function is a partial function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐹:𝐴𝐵) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐵pm 𝐴))
 
Theorempmss12g 8435 Subset relation for the set of partial functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
(((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) ∧ (𝐶𝑉𝐷𝑊)) → (𝐴pm 𝐵) ⊆ (𝐶pm 𝐷))
 
Theorempmresg 8436 Elementhood of a restricted function in the set of partial functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐵𝑉𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐶)) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵))
 
Theoremelmap 8437 Membership relation for set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐹:𝐵𝐴)
 
Theoremmapval2 8438* Alternate expression for the value of set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 3-Nov-2007.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m 𝐵) = (𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴) ∩ {𝑓𝑓 Fn 𝐵})
 
Theoremelpm 8439 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (Fun 𝐹𝐹 ⊆ (𝐵 × 𝐴)))
 
Theoremelpm2 8440 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵))
 
Theoremfpm 8441 A total function is a partial function. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝐹 ∈ (𝐵pm 𝐴))
 
Theoremmapsspm 8442 Set exponentiation is a subset of partial maps. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2016.)
(𝐴m 𝐵) ⊆ (𝐴pm 𝐵)
 
Theorempmsspw 8443 Partial maps are a subset of the power set of the Cartesian product of its arguments. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jan-2017.)
(𝐴pm 𝐵) ⊆ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴)
 
Theoremmapsspw 8444 Set exponentiation is a subset of the power set of the Cartesian product of its arguments. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴m 𝐵) ⊆ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴)
 
Theoremmapfvd 8445 The value of a function that maps from 𝐵 to 𝐴. (Contributed by AV, 2-Feb-2023.)
𝑀 = (𝐴m 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑋) ∈ 𝐴)
 
Theoremelmapresaun 8446 fresaun 6551 transposed to mappings. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 6-May-2015.)
((𝐹 ∈ (𝐶m 𝐴) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝐶m 𝐵) ∧ (𝐹 ↾ (𝐴𝐵)) = (𝐺 ↾ (𝐴𝐵))) → (𝐹𝐺) ∈ (𝐶m (𝐴𝐵)))
 
Theoremfvmptmap 8447* Special case of fvmpt 6770 for operator theorems. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2007.)
𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝑅 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝑅m 𝐷) ↦ 𝐵)       (𝐴:𝐷𝑅 → (𝐹𝐴) = 𝐶)
 
Theoremmap0e 8448 Set exponentiation with an empty exponent (ordinal number 0) is ordinal number 1. Exercise 4.42(a) of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Jul-2022.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴m ∅) = 1o)
 
Theoremmap0b 8449 Set exponentiation with an empty base is the empty set, provided the exponent is nonempty. Theorem 96 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴 ≠ ∅ → (∅ ↑m 𝐴) = ∅)
 
Theoremmap0g 8450 Set exponentiation is empty iff the base is empty and the exponent is not empty. Theorem 97 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ((𝐴m 𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴 = ∅ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅)))
 
Theorem0map0sn0 8451 The set of mappings of the empty set to the empty set is the singleton containing the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 31-Mar-2024.)
(∅ ↑m ∅) = {∅}
 
Theoremmapsnd 8452* The value of set exponentiation with a singleton exponent. Theorem 98 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Glauco Siliprandi, 24-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)       (𝜑 → (𝐴m {𝐵}) = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑓 = {⟨𝐵, 𝑦⟩}})
 
Theoremmap0 8453 Set exponentiation is empty iff the base is empty and the exponent is not empty. Theorem 97 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((𝐴m 𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴 = ∅ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅))
 
Theoremmapsn 8454* The value of set exponentiation with a singleton exponent. Theorem 98 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Proof shortened by AV, 17-Jul-2022.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m {𝐵}) = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑓 = {⟨𝐵, 𝑦⟩}}
 
Theoremmapss 8455 Subset inheritance for set exponentiation. Theorem 99 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐵𝑉𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴m 𝐶) ⊆ (𝐵m 𝐶))
 
Theoremfdiagfn 8456* Functionality of the diagonal map. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝐼 × {𝑥}))       ((𝐵𝑉𝐼𝑊) → 𝐹:𝐵⟶(𝐵m 𝐼))
 
Theoremfvdiagfn 8457* Functionality of the diagonal map. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝐼 × {𝑥}))       ((𝐼𝑊𝑋𝐵) → (𝐹𝑋) = (𝐼 × {𝑋}))
 
Theoremmapsnconst 8458 Every singleton map is a constant function. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 25-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) → 𝐹 = (𝑆 × {(𝐹𝑋)}))
 
Theoremmapsncnv 8459* Expression for the inverse of the canonical map between a set and its set of singleton functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) ↦ (𝑥𝑋))       𝐹 = (𝑦𝐵 ↦ (𝑆 × {𝑦}))
 
Theoremmapsnf1o2 8460* Explicit bijection between a set and its singleton functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) ↦ (𝑥𝑋))       𝐹:(𝐵m 𝑆)–1-1-onto𝐵
 
Theoremmapsnf1o3 8461* Explicit bijection in the reverse of mapsnf1o2 8460. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑦𝐵 ↦ (𝑆 × {𝑦}))       𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto→(𝐵m 𝑆)
 
Theoremralxpmap 8462* Quantification over functions in terms of quantification over values and punctured functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-May-2015.)
(𝑓 = (𝑔 ∪ {⟨𝐽, 𝑦⟩}) → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐽𝑇 → (∀𝑓 ∈ (𝑆m 𝑇)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝑆𝑔 ∈ (𝑆m (𝑇 ∖ {𝐽}))𝜓))
 
2.4.23  Infinite Cartesian products
 
Syntaxcixp 8463 Extend class notation to include infinite Cartesian products.
class X𝑥𝐴 𝐵
 
Definitiondf-ixp 8464* Definition of infinite Cartesian product of [Enderton] p. 54. Enderton uses a bold "X" with 𝑥𝐴 written underneath or as a subscript, as does Stoll p. 47. Some books use a capital pi, but we will reserve that notation for products of numbers. Usually 𝐵 represents a class expression containing 𝑥 free and thus can be thought of as 𝐵(𝑥). Normally, 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, although this is not a requirement of the definition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn {𝑥𝑥𝐴} ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑓𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)}
 
Theoremdfixp 8465* Eliminate the expression {𝑥𝑥𝐴} in df-ixp 8464, under the assumption that 𝐴 and 𝑥 are disjoint. This way, we can say that 𝑥 is bound in X𝑥𝐴𝐵 even if it appears free in 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2016.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑓𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)}
 
Theoremixpsnval 8466* The value of an infinite Cartesian product with a singleton. (Contributed by AV, 3-Dec-2018.)
(𝑋𝑉X𝑥 ∈ {𝑋}𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn {𝑋} ∧ (𝑓𝑋) ∈ 𝑋 / 𝑥𝐵)})
 
Theoremelixp2 8467* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product. See df-ixp 8464 for discussion of the notation. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ V ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐵))
 
Theoremfvixp 8468* Projection of a factor of an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷)       ((𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶𝐴) → (𝐹𝐶) ∈ 𝐷)
 
Theoremixpfn 8469* A nuple is a function. (Contributed by FL, 6-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2014.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹 Fn 𝐴)
 
Theoremelixp 8470* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐵))
 
Theoremelixpconst 8471* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 12-Apr-2008.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹:𝐴𝐵)
 
Theoremixpconstg 8472* Infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = (𝐵m 𝐴))
 
Theoremixpconst 8473* Infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = (𝐵m 𝐴)
 
Theoremixpeq1 8474* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶 = X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpeq1d 8475* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐶 = X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)
 
Theoremss2ixp 8476 Subclass theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2016.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpeq2 8477 Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐶X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpeq2dva 8478* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpeq2dv 8479* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremcbvixp 8480* Change bound variable in an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 20-Jun-2011.)
𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑦𝐴 𝐶
 
Theoremcbvixpv 8481* Change bound variable in an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑦𝐴 𝐶
 
Theoremnfixpw 8482* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed Cartesian product. Version of nfixp 8483 with a disjoint variable condition, which does not require ax-13 2390. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.) (Revised by Gino Giotto, 26-Jan-2024.)
𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵       𝑦X𝑥𝐴 𝐵
 
Theoremnfixp 8483 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed Cartesian product. Usage of this theorem is discouraged because it depends on ax-13 2390. Use the weaker nfixpw 8482 when possible. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵       𝑦X𝑥𝐴 𝐵
 
Theoremnfixp1 8484 The index variable in an indexed Cartesian product is not free. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥X𝑥𝐴 𝐵
 
Theoremixpprc 8485* A cartesian product of proper-class many sets is empty, because any function in the cartesian product has to be a set with domain 𝐴, which is not possible for a proper class domain. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅)
 
Theoremixpf 8486* A member of an infinite Cartesian product maps to the indexed union of the product argument. Remark in [Enderton] p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹:𝐴 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)
 
Theoremuniixp 8487* The union of an infinite Cartesian product is included in a Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ (𝐴 × 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)
 
Theoremixpexg 8488* The existence of an infinite Cartesian product. 𝑥 is normally a free-variable parameter in 𝐵. Remark in Enderton p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2015.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ V)
 
Theoremixpin 8489* The intersection of two infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Feb-2015.)
X𝑥𝐴 (𝐵𝐶) = (X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpiin 8490* The indexed intersection of a collection of infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Feb-2015.)
(𝐵 ≠ ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝑦𝐵 𝐶 = 𝑦𝐵 X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
 
Theoremixpint 8491* The intersection of a collection of infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Feb-2015.)
(𝐵 ≠ ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝑦𝐵 X𝑥𝐴 𝑦)
 
Theoremixp0x 8492 An infinite Cartesian product with an empty index set. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2007.)
X𝑥 ∈ ∅ 𝐴 = {∅}
 
Theoremixpssmap2g 8493* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. This version of ixpssmapg 8494 avoids ax-rep 5192. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴))
 
Theoremixpssmapg 8494* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴))
 
Theorem0elixp 8495 Membership of the empty set in an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 29-Sep-2006.)
∅ ∈ X𝑥 ∈ ∅ 𝐴
 
Theoremixpn0 8496 The infinite Cartesian product of a family 𝐵(𝑥) with an empty member is empty. The converse of this theorem is equivalent to the Axiom of Choice, see ac9 9907. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2016.)
(X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ≠ ∅ → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ≠ ∅)
 
Theoremixp0 8497 The infinite Cartesian product of a family 𝐵(𝑥) with an empty member is empty. The converse of this theorem is equivalent to the Axiom of Choice, see ac9 9907. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2016.)
(∃𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅)
 
Theoremixpssmap 8498* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. Remark in [Enderton] p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐵 ∈ V       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴)
 
Theoremresixp 8499* Restriction of an element of an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by FL, 7-Nov-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2014.)
((𝐵𝐴𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐶) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)
 
Theoremundifixp 8500* Union of two projections of a cartesian product. (Contributed by FL, 7-Nov-2011.)
((𝐹X𝑥𝐵 𝐶𝐺X𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)𝐶𝐵𝐴) → (𝐹𝐺) ∈ X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)
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206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42400 425 42401-42500 426 42501-42600 427 42601-42700 428 42701-42800 429 42801-42900 430 42901-43000 431 43001-43100 432 43101-43200 433 43201-43300 434 43301-43400 435 43401-43500 436 43501-43600 437 43601-43700 438 43701-43800 439 43801-43900 440 43901-44000 441 44001-44100 442 44101-44200 443 44201-44300 444 44301-44400 445 44401-44500 446 44501-44600 447 44601-44700 448 44701-44800 449 44801-44900 450 44901-44913
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