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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 8401-8500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremecopovsym 8401* Assuming the operation 𝐹 is commutative, show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is symmetric. (Contributed by NM, 27-Aug-1995.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)       (𝐴 𝐵𝐵 𝐴)

Theoremecopovtrn 8402* Assuming that operation 𝐹 is commutative (second hypothesis), closed (third hypothesis), associative (fourth hypothesis), and has the cancellation property (fifth hypothesis), show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is transitive. (Contributed by NM, 11-Feb-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + 𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))       ((𝐴 𝐵𝐵 𝐶) → 𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremecopover 8403* Assuming that operation 𝐹 is commutative (second hypothesis), closed (third hypothesis), associative (fourth hypothesis), and has the cancellation property (fifth hypothesis), show that the relation , specified by the first hypothesis, is an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 16-Feb-1996.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.) (Proof shortened by AV, 1-May-2021.)
= {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ ((𝑥 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆) ∧ 𝑦 ∈ (𝑆 × 𝑆)) ∧ ∃𝑧𝑤𝑣𝑢((𝑥 = ⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩ ∧ 𝑦 = ⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩) ∧ (𝑧 + 𝑢) = (𝑤 + 𝑣)))}    &   (𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑦 + 𝑥)    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   ((𝑥 + 𝑦) + 𝑧) = (𝑥 + (𝑦 + 𝑧))    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → ((𝑥 + 𝑦) = (𝑥 + 𝑧) → 𝑦 = 𝑧))        Er (𝑆 × 𝑆)

Theoremeceqoveq 8404* Equality of equivalence relation in terms of an operation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Feb-1996.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
Er (𝑆 × 𝑆)    &   dom + = (𝑆 × 𝑆)    &    ¬ ∅ ∈ 𝑆    &   ((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) → (𝑥 + 𝑦) ∈ 𝑆)    &   (((𝐴𝑆𝐵𝑆) ∧ (𝐶𝑆𝐷𝑆)) → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐷) = (𝐵 + 𝐶)))       ((𝐴𝑆𝐶𝑆) → ([⟨𝐴, 𝐵⟩] = [⟨𝐶, 𝐷⟩] ↔ (𝐴 + 𝐷) = (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremecovcom 8405* Lemma used to transfer a commutative law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 29-Aug-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐶 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝐷, 𝐺⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] ) = [⟨𝐻, 𝐽⟩] )    &   𝐷 = 𝐻    &   𝐺 = 𝐽       ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) = (𝐵 + 𝐴))

Theoremecovass 8406* Lemma used to transfer an associative law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 31-Aug-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐷 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑁, 𝑄⟩] )    &   (((𝐺𝑆𝐻𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝐺, 𝐻⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝐽, 𝐾⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑁𝑆𝑄𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] + [⟨𝑁, 𝑄⟩] ) = [⟨𝐿, 𝑀⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → (𝐺𝑆𝐻𝑆))    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑁𝑆𝑄𝑆))    &   𝐽 = 𝐿    &   𝐾 = 𝑀       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐶𝐷) → ((𝐴 + 𝐵) + 𝐶) = (𝐴 + (𝐵 + 𝐶)))

Theoremecovdi 8407* Lemma used to transfer a distributive law via an equivalence relation. (Contributed by NM, 2-Sep-1995.) (Revised by David Abernethy, 4-Jun-2013.)
𝐷 = ((𝑆 × 𝑆) / )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] + [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑀𝑆𝑁𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑀, 𝑁⟩] ) = [⟨𝐻, 𝐽⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑧, 𝑤⟩] ) = [⟨𝑊, 𝑋⟩] )    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩] · [⟨𝑣, 𝑢⟩] ) = [⟨𝑌, 𝑍⟩] )    &   (((𝑊𝑆𝑋𝑆) ∧ (𝑌𝑆𝑍𝑆)) → ([⟨𝑊, 𝑋⟩] + [⟨𝑌, 𝑍⟩] ) = [⟨𝐾, 𝐿⟩] )    &   (((𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑀𝑆𝑁𝑆))    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑧𝑆𝑤𝑆)) → (𝑊𝑆𝑋𝑆))    &   (((𝑥𝑆𝑦𝑆) ∧ (𝑣𝑆𝑢𝑆)) → (𝑌𝑆𝑍𝑆))    &   𝐻 = 𝐾    &   𝐽 = 𝐿       ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐶𝐷) → (𝐴 · (𝐵 + 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 · 𝐵) + (𝐴 · 𝐶)))

2.4.22  The mapping operation

Syntaxcmap 8408 Extend the definition of a class to include the mapping operation. (Read for 𝐴m 𝐵, "the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴.)
class m

Syntaxcpm 8409 Extend the definition of a class to include the partial mapping operation. (Read for 𝐴pm 𝐵, "the set of all partial functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴.)
class pm

Definitiondf-map 8410* Define the mapping operation or set exponentiation. The set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is written (𝐴m 𝐵) (see mapval 8420). Many authors write 𝐴 followed by 𝐵 as a superscript for this operation and rely on context to avoid confusion other exponentiation operations (e.g., Definition 10.42 of [TakeutiZaring] p. 95). Other authors show 𝐵 as a prefixed superscript, which is read "𝐴 pre 𝐵 " (e.g., definition of [Enderton] p. 52). Definition 8.21 of [Eisenberg] p. 125 uses the notation Map(𝐵, 𝐴) for our (𝐴m 𝐵). The up-arrow is used by Donald Knuth for iterated exponentiation (Science 194, 1235-1242, 1976). We adopt the first case of his notation (simple exponentiation) and subscript it with m to distinguish it from other kinds of exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
m = (𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑓𝑓:𝑦𝑥})

Definitiondf-pm 8411* Define the partial mapping operation. A partial function from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is a function from a subset of 𝐵 to 𝐴. The set of all partial functions from 𝐵 to 𝐴 is written (𝐴pm 𝐵) (see pmvalg 8419). A notation for this operation apparently does not appear in the literature. We use pm to distinguish it from the less general set exponentiation operation m (df-map 8410). See mapsspm 8442 for its relationship to set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.)
pm = (𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ {𝑓 ∈ 𝒫 (𝑦 × 𝑥) ∣ Fun 𝑓})

Theoremmapprc 8412* When 𝐴 is a proper class, the class of all functions mapping 𝐴 to 𝐵 is empty. Exercise 4.41 of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V → {𝑓𝑓:𝐴𝐵} = ∅)

Theorempmex 8413* The class of all partial functions from one set to another is a set. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → {𝑓 ∣ (Fun 𝑓𝑓 ⊆ (𝐴 × 𝐵))} ∈ V)

Theoremmapex 8414* The class of all functions mapping one set to another is a set. Remark after Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 31. (Contributed by Raph Levien, 4-Dec-2003.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → {𝑓𝑓:𝐴𝐵} ∈ V)

Theoremfnmap 8415 Set exponentiation has a universal domain. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
m Fn (V × V)

Theoremfnpm 8416 Partial function exponentiation has a universal domain. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
pm Fn (V × V)

Theoremreldmmap 8417 Set exponentiation is a well-behaved binary operator. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Feb-2015.)
Rel dom ↑m

Theoremmapvalg 8418* The value of set exponentiation. (𝐴m 𝐵) is the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 24. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴m 𝐵) = {𝑓𝑓:𝐵𝐴})

Theorempmvalg 8419* The value of the partial mapping operation. (𝐴pm 𝐵) is the set of all partial functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2013.)
((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴pm 𝐵) = {𝑓 ∈ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴) ∣ Fun 𝑓})

Theoremmapval 8420* The value of set exponentiation (inference version). (𝐴m 𝐵) is the set of all functions that map from 𝐵 to 𝐴. Definition 10.24 of [Kunen] p. 24. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m 𝐵) = {𝑓𝑓:𝐵𝐴}

Theoremelmapg 8421 Membership relation for set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 17-Oct-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Nov-2014.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐶:𝐵𝐴))

Theoremelmapd 8422 Deduction form of elmapg 8421. (Contributed by BJ, 11-Apr-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)       (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐶:𝐵𝐴))

Theoremmapdm0 8423 The empty set is the only map with empty domain. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Oct-2020.) (Proof shortened by Thierry Arnoux, 3-Dec-2021.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (𝐵m ∅) = {∅})

Theoremelpmg 8424 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (Fun 𝐶𝐶 ⊆ (𝐵 × 𝐴))))

Theoremelpm2g 8425 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵)))

Theoremelpm2r 8426 Sufficient condition for being a partial function. (Contributed by NM, 31-Dec-2013.)
(((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) ∧ (𝐹:𝐶𝐴𝐶𝐵)) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵))

Theoremelpmi 8427 A partial function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Sep-2015.)
(𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) → (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵))

Theorempmfun 8428 A partial function is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Jan-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) → Fun 𝐹)

Theoremelmapex 8429 Eliminate antecedent for mapping theorems: domain can be taken to be a set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 8-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → (𝐵 ∈ V ∧ 𝐶 ∈ V))

Theoremelmapi 8430 A mapping is a function, forward direction only with superfluous antecedent removed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 10-Oct-2014.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → 𝐴:𝐶𝐵)

Theoremelmapfn 8431 A mapping is a function with the appropriate domain. (Contributed by AV, 6-Apr-2019.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → 𝐴 Fn 𝐶)

Theoremelmapfun 8432 A mapping is always a function. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-May-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) → Fun 𝐴)

Theoremelmapssres 8433 A restricted mapping is a mapping. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 5-May-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ (𝐵m 𝐶) ∧ 𝐷𝐶) → (𝐴𝐷) ∈ (𝐵m 𝐷))

Theoremfpmg 8434 A total function is a partial function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐹:𝐴𝐵) → 𝐹 ∈ (𝐵pm 𝐴))

Theorempmss12g 8435 Subset relation for the set of partial functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
(((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) ∧ (𝐶𝑉𝐷𝑊)) → (𝐴pm 𝐵) ⊆ (𝐶pm 𝐷))

Theorempmresg 8436 Elementhood of a restricted function in the set of partial functions. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
((𝐵𝑉𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐶)) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵))

Theoremelmap 8437 Membership relation for set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴m 𝐵) ↔ 𝐹:𝐵𝐴)

Theoremmapval2 8438* Alternate expression for the value of set exponentiation. (Contributed by NM, 3-Nov-2007.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m 𝐵) = (𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴) ∩ {𝑓𝑓 Fn 𝐵})

Theoremelpm 8439 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 14-Nov-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (Fun 𝐹𝐹 ⊆ (𝐵 × 𝐴)))

Theoremelpm2 8440 The predicate "is a partial function." (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐴pm 𝐵) ↔ (𝐹:dom 𝐹𝐴 ∧ dom 𝐹𝐵))

Theoremfpm 8441 A total function is a partial function. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-Dec-2013.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐹:𝐴𝐵𝐹 ∈ (𝐵pm 𝐴))

Theoremmapsspm 8442 Set exponentiation is a subset of partial maps. (Contributed by NM, 15-Nov-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 27-Feb-2016.)
(𝐴m 𝐵) ⊆ (𝐴pm 𝐵)

Theorempmsspw 8443 Partial maps are a subset of the power set of the Cartesian product of its arguments. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 2-Jan-2017.)
(𝐴pm 𝐵) ⊆ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴)

Theoremmapsspw 8444 Set exponentiation is a subset of the power set of the Cartesian product of its arguments. (Contributed by NM, 8-Dec-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴m 𝐵) ⊆ 𝒫 (𝐵 × 𝐴)

Theoremmapfvd 8445 The value of a function that maps from 𝐵 to 𝐴. (Contributed by AV, 2-Feb-2023.)
𝑀 = (𝐴m 𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐹𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑋) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremelmapresaun 8446 fresaun 6551 transposed to mappings. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Oct-2014.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 6-May-2015.)
((𝐹 ∈ (𝐶m 𝐴) ∧ 𝐺 ∈ (𝐶m 𝐵) ∧ (𝐹 ↾ (𝐴𝐵)) = (𝐺 ↾ (𝐴𝐵))) → (𝐹𝐺) ∈ (𝐶m (𝐴𝐵)))

Theoremfvmptmap 8447* Special case of fvmpt 6770 for operator theorems. (Contributed by NM, 27-Nov-2007.)
𝐶 ∈ V    &   𝐷 ∈ V    &   𝑅 ∈ V    &   (𝑥 = 𝐴𝐵 = 𝐶)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝑅m 𝐷) ↦ 𝐵)       (𝐴:𝐷𝑅 → (𝐹𝐴) = 𝐶)

Theoremmap0e 8448 Set exponentiation with an empty exponent (ordinal number 0) is ordinal number 1. Exercise 4.42(a) of [Mendelson] p. 255. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Jul-2022.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (𝐴m ∅) = 1o)

Theoremmap0b 8449 Set exponentiation with an empty base is the empty set, provided the exponent is nonempty. Theorem 96 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
(𝐴 ≠ ∅ → (∅ ↑m 𝐴) = ∅)

Theoremmap0g 8450 Set exponentiation is empty iff the base is empty and the exponent is not empty. Theorem 97 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 30-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ((𝐴m 𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴 = ∅ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅)))

Theorem0map0sn0 8451 The set of mappings of the empty set to the empty set is the singleton containing the empty set. (Contributed by AV, 31-Mar-2024.)
(∅ ↑m ∅) = {∅}

Theoremmapsnd 8452* The value of set exponentiation with a singleton exponent. Theorem 98 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Glauco Siliprandi, 24-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑊)       (𝜑 → (𝐴m {𝐵}) = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑓 = {⟨𝐵, 𝑦⟩}})

Theoremmap0 8453 Set exponentiation is empty iff the base is empty and the exponent is not empty. Theorem 97 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       ((𝐴m 𝐵) = ∅ ↔ (𝐴 = ∅ ∧ 𝐵 ≠ ∅))

Theoremmapsn 8454* The value of set exponentiation with a singleton exponent. Theorem 98 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Proof shortened by AV, 17-Jul-2022.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       (𝐴m {𝐵}) = {𝑓 ∣ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑓 = {⟨𝐵, 𝑦⟩}}

Theoremmapss 8455 Subset inheritance for set exponentiation. Theorem 99 of [Suppes] p. 89. (Contributed by NM, 10-Dec-2003.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 26-Apr-2015.)
((𝐵𝑉𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴m 𝐶) ⊆ (𝐵m 𝐶))

Theoremfdiagfn 8456* Functionality of the diagonal map. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝐼 × {𝑥}))       ((𝐵𝑉𝐼𝑊) → 𝐹:𝐵⟶(𝐵m 𝐼))

Theoremfvdiagfn 8457* Functionality of the diagonal map. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐵 ↦ (𝐼 × {𝑥}))       ((𝐼𝑊𝑋𝐵) → (𝐹𝑋) = (𝐼 × {𝑋}))

Theoremmapsnconst 8458 Every singleton map is a constant function. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 25-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V       (𝐹 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) → 𝐹 = (𝑆 × {(𝐹𝑋)}))

Theoremmapsncnv 8459* Expression for the inverse of the canonical map between a set and its set of singleton functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) ↦ (𝑥𝑋))       𝐹 = (𝑦𝐵 ↦ (𝑆 × {𝑦}))

Theoremmapsnf1o2 8460* Explicit bijection between a set and its singleton functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 21-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ (𝐵m 𝑆) ↦ (𝑥𝑋))       𝐹:(𝐵m 𝑆)–1-1-onto𝐵

Theoremmapsnf1o3 8461* Explicit bijection in the reverse of mapsnf1o2 8460. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 24-Mar-2015.)
𝑆 = {𝑋}    &   𝐵 ∈ V    &   𝑋 ∈ V    &   𝐹 = (𝑦𝐵 ↦ (𝑆 × {𝑦}))       𝐹:𝐵1-1-onto→(𝐵m 𝑆)

Theoremralxpmap 8462* Quantification over functions in terms of quantification over values and punctured functions. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 27-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Stefan O'Rear, 5-May-2015.)
(𝑓 = (𝑔 ∪ {⟨𝐽, 𝑦⟩}) → (𝜑𝜓))       (𝐽𝑇 → (∀𝑓 ∈ (𝑆m 𝑇)𝜑 ↔ ∀𝑦𝑆𝑔 ∈ (𝑆m (𝑇 ∖ {𝐽}))𝜓))

2.4.23  Infinite Cartesian products

Syntaxcixp 8463 Extend class notation to include infinite Cartesian products.
class X𝑥𝐴 𝐵

Definitiondf-ixp 8464* Definition of infinite Cartesian product of [Enderton] p. 54. Enderton uses a bold "X" with 𝑥𝐴 written underneath or as a subscript, as does Stoll p. 47. Some books use a capital pi, but we will reserve that notation for products of numbers. Usually 𝐵 represents a class expression containing 𝑥 free and thus can be thought of as 𝐵(𝑥). Normally, 𝑥 is not free in 𝐴, although this is not a requirement of the definition. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn {𝑥𝑥𝐴} ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑓𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)}

Theoremdfixp 8465* Eliminate the expression {𝑥𝑥𝐴} in df-ixp 8464, under the assumption that 𝐴 and 𝑥 are disjoint. This way, we can say that 𝑥 is bound in X𝑥𝐴𝐵 even if it appears free in 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2016.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝑓𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)}

Theoremixpsnval 8466* The value of an infinite Cartesian product with a singleton. (Contributed by AV, 3-Dec-2018.)
(𝑋𝑉X𝑥 ∈ {𝑋}𝐵 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 Fn {𝑋} ∧ (𝑓𝑋) ∈ 𝑋 / 𝑥𝐵)})

Theoremelixp2 8467* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product. See df-ixp 8464 for discussion of the notation. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 ∈ V ∧ 𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐵))

Theoremfvixp 8468* Projection of a factor of an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝑥 = 𝐶𝐵 = 𝐷)       ((𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶𝐴) → (𝐹𝐶) ∈ 𝐷)

Theoremixpfn 8469* A nuple is a function. (Contributed by FL, 6-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2014.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹 Fn 𝐴)

Theoremelixp 8470* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ↔ (𝐹 Fn 𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑥𝐴 (𝐹𝑥) ∈ 𝐵))

Theoremelixpconst 8471* Membership in an infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 12-Apr-2008.)
𝐹 ∈ V       (𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹:𝐴𝐵)

Theoremixpconstg 8472* Infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jan-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = (𝐵m 𝐴))

Theoremixpconst 8473* Infinite Cartesian product of a constant 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐴 ∈ V    &   𝐵 ∈ V       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = (𝐵m 𝐴)

Theoremixpeq1 8474* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.)
(𝐴 = 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶 = X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)

Theoremixpeq1d 8475* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐶 = X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)

Theoremss2ixp 8476 Subclass theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2016.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐶X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremixpeq2 8477 Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 29-Sep-2006.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝐶X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremixpeq2dva 8478* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremixpeq2dv 8479* Equality theorem for infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 11-Jun-2016.)
(𝜑𝐵 = 𝐶)       (𝜑X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremcbvixp 8480* Change bound variable in an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 20-Jun-2011.)
𝑦𝐵    &   𝑥𝐶    &   (𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑦𝐴 𝐶

Theoremcbvixpv 8481* Change bound variable in an indexed Cartesian product. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 2-Sep-2009.)
(𝑥 = 𝑦𝐵 = 𝐶)       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = X𝑦𝐴 𝐶

Theoremnfixpw 8482* Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed Cartesian product. Version of nfixp 8483 with a disjoint variable condition, which does not require ax-13 2390. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.) (Revised by Gino Giotto, 26-Jan-2024.)
𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵       𝑦X𝑥𝐴 𝐵

Theoremnfixp 8483 Bound-variable hypothesis builder for indexed Cartesian product. Usage of this theorem is discouraged because it depends on ax-13 2390. Use the weaker nfixpw 8482 when possible. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑦𝐴    &   𝑦𝐵       𝑦X𝑥𝐴 𝐵

Theoremnfixp1 8484 The index variable in an indexed Cartesian product is not free. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 15-Oct-2016.)
𝑥X𝑥𝐴 𝐵

Theoremixpprc 8485* A cartesian product of proper-class many sets is empty, because any function in the cartesian product has to be a set with domain 𝐴, which is not possible for a proper class domain. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ V → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅)

Theoremixpf 8486* A member of an infinite Cartesian product maps to the indexed union of the product argument. Remark in [Enderton] p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
(𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝐹:𝐴 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)

Theoremuniixp 8487* The union of an infinite Cartesian product is included in a Cartesian product. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jun-2015.)
X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ (𝐴 × 𝑥𝐴 𝐵)

Theoremixpexg 8488* The existence of an infinite Cartesian product. 𝑥 is normally a free-variable parameter in 𝐵. Remark in Enderton p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 25-Jan-2015.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ∈ V)

Theoremixpin 8489* The intersection of two infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Feb-2015.)
X𝑥𝐴 (𝐵𝐶) = (X𝑥𝐴 𝐵X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremixpiin 8490* The indexed intersection of a collection of infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 6-Feb-2015.)
(𝐵 ≠ ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝑦𝐵 𝐶 = 𝑦𝐵 X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

Theoremixpint 8491* The intersection of a collection of infinite Cartesian products. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Feb-2015.)
(𝐵 ≠ ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = 𝑦𝐵 X𝑥𝐴 𝑦)

Theoremixp0x 8492 An infinite Cartesian product with an empty index set. (Contributed by NM, 21-Sep-2007.)
X𝑥 ∈ ∅ 𝐴 = {∅}

Theoremixpssmap2g 8493* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. This version of ixpssmapg 8494 avoids ax-rep 5192. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2014.)
( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴))

Theoremixpssmapg 8494* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. (Contributed by Jeff Madsen, 19-Jun-2011.)
(∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑉X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴))

Theorem0elixp 8495 Membership of the empty set in an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by Steve Rodriguez, 29-Sep-2006.)
∅ ∈ X𝑥 ∈ ∅ 𝐴

Theoremixpn0 8496 The infinite Cartesian product of a family 𝐵(𝑥) with an empty member is empty. The converse of this theorem is equivalent to the Axiom of Choice, see ac9 9907. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2016.)
(X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ≠ ∅ → ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ≠ ∅)

Theoremixp0 8497 The infinite Cartesian product of a family 𝐵(𝑥) with an empty member is empty. The converse of this theorem is equivalent to the Axiom of Choice, see ac9 9907. (Contributed by NM, 1-Oct-2006.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 22-Jun-2016.)
(∃𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅ → X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 = ∅)

Theoremixpssmap 8498* An infinite Cartesian product is a subset of set exponentiation. Remark in [Enderton] p. 54. (Contributed by NM, 28-Sep-2006.)
𝐵 ∈ V       X𝑥𝐴 𝐵 ⊆ ( 𝑥𝐴 𝐵m 𝐴)

Theoremresixp 8499* Restriction of an element of an infinite Cartesian product. (Contributed by FL, 7-Nov-2011.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 31-May-2014.)
((𝐵𝐴𝐹X𝑥𝐴 𝐶) → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ X𝑥𝐵 𝐶)

Theoremundifixp 8500* Union of two projections of a cartesian product. (Contributed by FL, 7-Nov-2011.)
((𝐹X𝑥𝐵 𝐶𝐺X𝑥 ∈ (𝐴𝐵)𝐶𝐵𝐴) → (𝐹𝐺) ∈ X𝑥𝐴 𝐶)

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268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 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