Home Metamath Proof ExplorerTheorem List (p. 343 of 458) < Previous  Next > Bad symbols? Try the GIF version. Mirrors  >  Metamath Home Page  >  MPE Home Page  >  Theorem List Contents  >  Recent Proofs       This page: Page List

 Color key: Metamath Proof Explorer (1-28805) Hilbert Space Explorer (28806-30328) Users' Mathboxes (30329-45797)

Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 34201-34300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremonsucconni 34201 A successor ordinal number is a connected topology. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 16-Oct-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ On       suc 𝐴 ∈ Conn

Theoremonsucconn 34202 A successor ordinal number is a connected topology. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 16-Oct-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ On → suc 𝐴 ∈ Conn)

Theoremordtopconn 34203 An ordinal topology is connected. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 1-Nov-2015.)
(Ord 𝐽 → (𝐽 ∈ Top ↔ 𝐽 ∈ Conn))

Theoremonintopssconn 34204 An ordinal topology is connected, expressed in constants. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 16-Oct-2015.)
(On ∩ Top) ⊆ Conn

Theoremonsuct0 34205 A successor ordinal number is a T0 space. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 8-Nov-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ On → suc 𝐴 ∈ Kol2)

Theoremordtopt0 34206 An ordinal topology is T0. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 8-Nov-2015.)
(Ord 𝐽 → (𝐽 ∈ Top ↔ 𝐽 ∈ Kol2))

Theoremonsucsuccmpi 34207 The successor of a successor ordinal number is a compact topology, proven without the Axiom of Regularity. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 18-Oct-2015.)
𝐴 ∈ On       suc suc 𝐴 ∈ Comp

Theoremonsucsuccmp 34208 The successor of a successor ordinal number is a compact topology. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 18-Oct-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ On → suc suc 𝐴 ∈ Comp)

Theoremlimsucncmpi 34209 The successor of a limit ordinal is not compact. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 20-Oct-2015.)
Lim 𝐴        ¬ suc 𝐴 ∈ Comp

Theoremlimsucncmp 34210 The successor of a limit ordinal is not compact. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 20-Oct-2015.)
(Lim 𝐴 → ¬ suc 𝐴 ∈ Comp)

Theoremordcmp 34211 An ordinal topology is compact iff the underlying set is its supremum (union) only when the ordinal is 1o. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 1-Nov-2015.)
(Ord 𝐴 → (𝐴 ∈ Comp ↔ ( 𝐴 = 𝐴𝐴 = 1o)))

Theoremssoninhaus 34212 The ordinal topologies 1o and 2o are Hausdorff. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 10-Nov-2015.)
{1o, 2o} ⊆ (On ∩ Haus)

Theoremonint1 34213 The ordinal T1 spaces are 1o and 2o, proven without the Axiom of Regularity. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 9-Nov-2015.)
(On ∩ Fre) = {1o, 2o}

Theoremoninhaus 34214 The ordinal Hausdorff spaces are 1o and 2o. (Contributed by Chen-Pang He, 10-Nov-2015.)
(On ∩ Haus) = {1o, 2o}

20.13  Mathbox for Jeff Hoffman

20.13.1  Inferences for finite induction on generic function values

(𝐴 = 𝐵 → ((𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝑃) ↔ (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐵) ∈ 𝑃)))

(𝜑 → (𝐹‘∅) ∈ 𝑃)    &   (𝑦 ∈ ω → (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝑦) ∈ 𝑃 → (𝐹‘suc 𝑦) ∈ 𝑃)))       (𝐴 ∈ ω → (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) ∈ 𝑃))

(𝑧𝑃 → (𝐺𝑧) ∈ 𝑃)       (𝐶 ∈ ω → (𝐴𝑃 → (rec(𝐺, 𝐴)‘𝐶) ∈ 𝑃))

Theoremfindabrcl 34218* Please add description here. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 16-Feb-2008.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 11-Sep-2015.)
(𝑧𝑃 → (𝐺𝑧) ∈ 𝑃)       ((𝐶 ∈ ω ∧ 𝐴𝑃) → ((𝑥 ∈ V ↦ (rec(𝐺, 𝐴)‘𝑥))‘𝐶) ∈ 𝑃)

20.13.2  gdc.mm

Theoremnnssi2 34219 Convert a theorem for real/complex numbers into one for positive integers. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 17-Jun-2008.)
ℕ ⊆ 𝐷    &   (𝐵 ∈ ℕ → 𝜑)    &   ((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝜑) → 𝜓)       ((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → 𝜓)

Theoremnnssi3 34220 Convert a theorem for real/complex numbers into one for positive integers. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 17-Jun-2008.)
ℕ ⊆ 𝐷    &   (𝐶 ∈ ℕ → 𝜑)    &   (((𝐴𝐷𝐵𝐷𝐶𝐷) ∧ 𝜑) → 𝜓)       ((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) → 𝜓)

(((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℕ) ∧ ((𝐴 / 𝐶) ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐴 < 𝐵)) → ((𝐵 / 𝐶) ∈ ℕ ↔ ((𝐵𝐴) / 𝐶) ∈ ℕ))

Theoremnndivlub 34222 A factor of a positive integer cannot exceed it. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 17-Jun-2008.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐴 / 𝐵) ∈ ℕ → 𝐵𝐴))

SyntaxcgcdOLD 34223 Extend class notation to include the gdc function. (New usage is discouraged.)
class gcdOLD (𝐴, 𝐵)

Definitiondf-gcdOLD 34224* gcdOLD (𝐴, 𝐵) is the largest positive integer that evenly divides both 𝐴 and 𝐵. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 17-Jun-2008.) (New usage is discouraged.)
gcdOLD (𝐴, 𝐵) = sup({𝑥 ∈ ℕ ∣ ((𝐴 / 𝑥) ∈ ℕ ∧ (𝐵 / 𝑥) ∈ ℕ)}, ℕ, < )

Theoremee7.2aOLD 34225 Lemma for Euclid's Elements, Book 7, proposition 2. The original mentions the smaller measure being 'continually subtracted' from the larger. Many authors interpret this phrase as 𝐴 mod 𝐵. Here, just one subtraction step is proved to preserve the gcdOLD. The rec function will be used in other proofs for iterated subtraction. (Contributed by Jeff Hoffman, 17-Jun-2008.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 → gcdOLD (𝐴, 𝐵) = gcdOLD (𝐴, (𝐵𝐴))))

20.14  Mathbox for Asger C. Ipsen

20.14.1  Continuous nowhere differentiable functions

Theoremdnival 34226* Value of the "distance to nearest integer" function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))       (𝐴 ∈ ℝ → (𝑇𝐴) = (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)))

Theoremdnicld1 34227 Closure theorem for the "distance to nearest integer" function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremdnicld2 34228* Closure theorem for the "distance to nearest integer" function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝑇𝐴) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremdnif 34229 The "distance to nearest integer" function is a function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))       𝑇:ℝ⟶ℝ

Theoremdnizeq0 34230* The distance to nearest integer is zero for integers. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝑇𝐴) = 0)

Theoremdnizphlfeqhlf 34231* The distance to nearest integer is a half for half-integers. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → (𝑇‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) = (1 / 2))

Theoremrddif2 34232 Variant of rddif 14753. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 0 ≤ ((1 / 2) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴))))

Theoremdnibndlem1 34233* Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ 𝑆 ↔ (abs‘((abs‘((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐵)) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)))) ≤ 𝑆))

Theoremdnibndlem2 34234* Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) = (⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))))       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremdnibndlem3 34235 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) = ((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + 1))       (𝜑 → (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) = (abs‘((𝐵 − ((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − (1 / 2))) + (((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + (1 / 2)) − 𝐴))))

Theoremdnibndlem4 34236 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝐵 ∈ ℝ → 0 ≤ (𝐵 − ((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − (1 / 2))))

Theoremdnibndlem5 34237 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ → 0 < (((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + (1 / 2)) − 𝐴))

Theoremdnibndlem6 34238 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘((abs‘((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐵)) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)))) ≤ (((1 / 2) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐵))) + ((1 / 2) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)))))

Theoremdnibndlem7 34239 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((1 / 2) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐵))) ≤ (𝐵 − ((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − (1 / 2))))

Theoremdnibndlem8 34240 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → ((1 / 2) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴))) ≤ (((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + (1 / 2)) − 𝐴))

Theoremdnibndlem9 34241* Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) = ((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + 1))       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremdnibndlem10 34242 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → ((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + 2) ≤ (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))))       (𝜑 → 1 ≤ (𝐵𝐴))

Theoremdnibndlem11 34243 Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘((abs‘((⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐵)) − (abs‘((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) − 𝐴)))) ≤ (1 / 2))

Theoremdnibndlem12 34244* Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → ((⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) + 2) ≤ (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))))       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremdnibndlem13 34245* Lemma for dnibnd 34246. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (⌊‘(𝐴 + (1 / 2))) ≤ (⌊‘(𝐵 + (1 / 2))))       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremdnibnd 34246* The "distance to nearest integer" function is 1-Lipschitz continuous, i.e., is a short map. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝑇𝐵) − (𝑇𝐴))) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremdnicn 34247 The "distance to nearest integer" function is continuous. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))       𝑇 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℝ)

Theoremknoppcnlem1 34248* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.)
𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑀) = ((𝐶𝑀) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑀) · 𝐴))))

Theoremknoppcnlem2 34249* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐶𝑀) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑀) · 𝐴))) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremknoppcnlem3 34250* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑀) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremknoppcnlem4 34251* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (abs‘((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑀)) ≤ ((𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((abs‘𝐶)↑𝑚))‘𝑀))

Theoremknoppcnlem5 34252* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚))):ℕ0⟶(ℂ ↑m ℝ))

Theoremknoppcnlem6 34253* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘𝐶) < 1)       (𝜑 → seq0( ∘f + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚)))) ∈ dom (⇝𝑢‘ℝ))

Theoremknoppcnlem7 34254* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (seq0( ∘f + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚))))‘𝑀) = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ (seq0( + , (𝐹𝑤))‘𝑀)))

Theoremknoppcnlem8 34255* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq0( ∘f + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚)))):ℕ0⟶(ℂ ↑m ℝ))

Theoremknoppcnlem9 34256* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘𝐶) < 1)       (𝜑 → seq0( ∘f + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚))))(⇝𝑢‘ℝ)𝑊)

Theoremknoppcnlem10 34257* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑀)) ∈ ((topGen‘ran (,)) Cn (TopOpen‘ℂfld)))

Theoremknoppcnlem11 34258* Lemma for knoppcn 34259. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)       (𝜑 → seq0( ∘f + , (𝑚 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (𝑧 ∈ ℝ ↦ ((𝐹𝑧)‘𝑚)))):ℕ0⟶(ℝ–cn→ℂ))

Theoremknoppcn 34259* The continuous nowhere differentiable function 𝑊 ( Knopp, K. (1918). Math. Z. 2, 1-26 ) is, in fact, continuous. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 4-Apr-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘𝐶) < 1)       (𝜑𝑊 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℂ))

Theoremknoppcld 34260* Closure theorem for Knopp's function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 26-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑 → (abs‘𝐶) < 1)       (𝜑 → (𝑊𝐴) ∈ ℂ)

Theoremunblimceq0lem 34261* Lemma for unblimceq0 34262. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ⊆ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑆⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑏 ∈ ℝ+𝑑 ∈ ℝ+𝑥𝑆 ((abs‘(𝑥𝐴)) < 𝑑𝑏 ≤ (abs‘(𝐹𝑥))))       (𝜑 → ∀𝑐 ∈ ℝ+𝑑 ∈ ℝ+𝑦𝑆 (𝑦𝐴 ∧ (abs‘(𝑦𝐴)) < 𝑑𝑐 ≤ (abs‘(𝐹𝑦))))

Theoremunblimceq0 34262* If 𝐹 is unbounded near 𝐴 it has no limit at 𝐴. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
(𝜑𝑆 ⊆ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑆⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑏 ∈ ℝ+𝑑 ∈ ℝ+𝑥𝑆 ((abs‘(𝑥𝐴)) < 𝑑𝑏 ≤ (abs‘(𝐹𝑥))))       (𝜑 → (𝐹 lim 𝐴) = ∅)

Theoremunbdqndv1 34263* If the difference quotient (((𝐹𝑧) − (𝐹𝐴)) / (𝑧𝐴)) is unbounded near 𝐴 then 𝐹 is not differentiable at 𝐴. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
𝐺 = (𝑧 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝐴}) ↦ (((𝐹𝑧) − (𝐹𝐴)) / (𝑧𝐴)))    &   (𝜑𝑆 ⊆ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑋⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑏 ∈ ℝ+𝑑 ∈ ℝ+𝑥 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝐴})((abs‘(𝑥𝐴)) < 𝑑𝑏 ≤ (abs‘(𝐺𝑥))))       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴 ∈ dom (𝑆 D 𝐹))

Theoremunbdqndv2lem1 34264 Lemma for unbdqndv2 34266. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ≠ 0)    &   (𝜑 → (2 · 𝐸) ≤ (abs‘((𝐴𝐵) / 𝐷)))       (𝜑 → ((𝐸 · (abs‘𝐷)) ≤ (abs‘(𝐴𝐶)) ∨ (𝐸 · (abs‘𝐷)) ≤ (abs‘(𝐵𝐶))))

Theoremunbdqndv2lem2 34265* Lemma for unbdqndv2 34266. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
𝐺 = (𝑧 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝐴}) ↦ (((𝐹𝑧) − (𝐹𝐴)) / (𝑧𝐴)))    &   𝑊 = if((𝐵 · (𝑉𝑈)) ≤ (abs‘((𝐹𝑈) − (𝐹𝐴))), 𝑈, 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑋 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑋⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑉𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑉𝑈) < 𝐷)    &   (𝜑 → (2 · 𝐵) ≤ ((abs‘((𝐹𝑉) − (𝐹𝑈))) / (𝑉𝑈)))       (𝜑 → (𝑊 ∈ (𝑋 ∖ {𝐴}) ∧ ((abs‘(𝑊𝐴)) < 𝐷𝐵 ≤ (abs‘(𝐺𝑊)))))

Theoremunbdqndv2 34266* Variant of unbdqndv1 34263 with the hypothesis that (((𝐹𝑦) − (𝐹𝑥)) / (𝑦𝑥)) is unbounded where 𝑥𝐴 and 𝐴𝑦. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-May-2021.)
(𝜑𝑋 ⊆ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑋⟶ℂ)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑏 ∈ ℝ+𝑑 ∈ ℝ+𝑥𝑋𝑦𝑋 ((𝑥𝐴𝐴𝑦) ∧ ((𝑦𝑥) < 𝑑𝑥𝑦) ∧ 𝑏 ≤ ((abs‘((𝐹𝑦) − (𝐹𝑥))) / (𝑦𝑥))))       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝐴 ∈ dom (ℝ D 𝐹))

Theoremknoppndvlem1 34267 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)       (𝜑 → ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremknoppndvlem2 34268 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐼 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝐽 < 𝐼)       (𝜑 → (((2 · 𝑁)↑𝐼) · ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)) ∈ ℤ)

Theoremknoppndvlem3 34269 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))       (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ ℝ ∧ (abs‘𝐶) < 1))

Theoremknoppndvlem4 34270* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → seq0( + , (𝐹𝐴)) ⇝ (𝑊𝐴))

Theoremknoppndvlem5 34271* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...𝐽)((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑖) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremknoppndvlem6 34272* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (𝑊𝐴) = Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...𝐽)((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑖))

Theoremknoppndvlem7 34273* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝐽) = ((𝐶𝐽) · (𝑇‘(𝑀 / 2))))

Theoremknoppndvlem8 34274* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 2 ∥ 𝑀)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝐽) = 0)

Theoremknoppndvlem9 34275* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑀)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝐽) = ((𝐶𝐽) / 2))

Theoremknoppndvlem10 34276* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 15-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑀 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘(((𝐹𝐵)‘𝐽) − ((𝐹𝐴)‘𝐽))) = (((abs‘𝐶)↑𝐽) / 2))

Theoremknoppndvlem11 34277* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 28-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (abs‘(Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝐽 − 1))((𝐹𝐵)‘𝑖) − Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝐽 − 1))((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑖))) ≤ ((abs‘(𝐵𝐴)) · Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝐽 − 1))(((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶))↑𝑖)))

Theoremknoppndvlem12 34278 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 29-Jun-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) ≠ 1 ∧ 1 < (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1)))

Theoremknoppndvlem13 34279 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 1-Jul-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 5-Jul-2021.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑𝐶 ≠ 0)

Theoremknoppndvlem14 34280* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 1-Jul-2021.) (Revised by Asger C. Ipsen, 7-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑀 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → (abs‘(Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝐽 − 1))((𝐹𝐵)‘𝑖) − Σ𝑖 ∈ (0...(𝐽 − 1))((𝐹𝐴)‘𝑖))) ≤ ((((abs‘𝐶)↑𝐽) / 2) · (1 / (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1))))

Theoremknoppndvlem15 34281* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 6-Jul-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑀 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → ((((abs‘𝐶)↑𝐽) / 2) · (1 − (1 / (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1)))) ≤ (abs‘((𝑊𝐵) − (𝑊𝐴))))

Theoremknoppndvlem16 34282 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 19-Jul-2021.)
𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑀 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → (𝐵𝐴) = (((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2))

Theoremknoppndvlem17 34283* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 12-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑀)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑀 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ ℤ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → ((((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶))↑𝐽) · (1 − (1 / (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1)))) ≤ ((abs‘((𝑊𝐵) − (𝑊𝐴))) / (𝐵𝐴)))

Theoremknoppndvlem18 34284* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 14-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑗 ∈ ℕ0 ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝑗) / 2) < 𝐷𝐸 ≤ ((((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶))↑𝑗) · 𝐺)))

Theoremknoppndvlem19 34285* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 17-Aug-2021.)
𝐴 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · 𝑚)    &   𝐵 = ((((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) · (𝑚 + 1))    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑚 ∈ ℤ (𝐴𝐻𝐻𝐵))

Theoremknoppndvlem20 34286 Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 18-Aug-2021.)
(𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → (1 − (1 / (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1))) ∈ ℝ+)

Theoremknoppndvlem21 34287* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 18-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   𝐺 = (1 − (1 / (((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶)) − 1)))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ ℕ0)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))    &   (𝜑 → (((2 · 𝑁)↑-𝐽) / 2) < 𝐷)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ≤ ((((2 · 𝑁) · (abs‘𝐶))↑𝐽) · 𝐺))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑎 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑏 ∈ ℝ ((𝑎𝐻𝐻𝑏) ∧ ((𝑏𝑎) < 𝐷𝑎𝑏) ∧ 𝐸 ≤ ((abs‘((𝑊𝑏) − (𝑊𝑎))) / (𝑏𝑎))))

Theoremknoppndvlem22 34288* Lemma for knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 19-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ ℝ+)    &   (𝜑𝐻 ∈ ℝ)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → ∃𝑎 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑏 ∈ ℝ ((𝑎𝐻𝐻𝑏) ∧ ((𝑏𝑎) < 𝐷𝑎𝑏) ∧ 𝐸 ≤ ((abs‘((𝑊𝑏) − (𝑊𝑎))) / (𝑏𝑎))))

Theoremknoppndv 34289* The continuous nowhere differentiable function 𝑊 ( Knopp, K. (1918). Math. Z. 2, 1-26 ) is, in fact, nowhere differentiable. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 19-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑 → 1 < (𝑁 · (abs‘𝐶)))       (𝜑 → dom (ℝ D 𝑊) = ∅)

Theoremknoppf 34290* Knopp's function is a function. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 25-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)       (𝜑𝑊:ℝ⟶ℝ)

Theoremknoppcn2 34291* Variant of knoppcn 34259 with different codomain. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 25-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((𝐶𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 𝑁)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (-1(,)1))       (𝜑𝑊 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℝ))

Theoremcnndvlem1 34292* Lemma for cnndv 34294. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 25-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (((1 / 2)↑𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 3)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))       (𝑊 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℝ) ∧ dom (ℝ D 𝑊) = ∅)

Theoremcnndvlem2 34293* Lemma for cnndv 34294. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 26-Aug-2021.)
𝑇 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ ↦ (abs‘((⌊‘(𝑥 + (1 / 2))) − 𝑥)))    &   𝐹 = (𝑦 ∈ ℝ ↦ (𝑛 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ (((1 / 2)↑𝑛) · (𝑇‘(((2 · 3)↑𝑛) · 𝑦)))))    &   𝑊 = (𝑤 ∈ ℝ ↦ Σ𝑖 ∈ ℕ0 ((𝐹𝑤)‘𝑖))       𝑓(𝑓 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℝ) ∧ dom (ℝ D 𝑓) = ∅)

Theoremcnndv 34294 There exists a continuous nowhere differentiable function. The result follows directly from knoppcn 34259 and knoppndv 34289. (Contributed by Asger C. Ipsen, 26-Aug-2021.)
𝑓(𝑓 ∈ (ℝ–cn→ℝ) ∧ dom (ℝ D 𝑓) = ∅)

20.15  Mathbox for BJ

In this mathbox, we try to respect the ordering of the sections of the main part. There are strengthenings of theorems of the main part, as well as work on reducing axiom dependencies.

20.15.1  Propositional calculus

Miscellaneous utility theorems of propositional calculus.

20.15.1.1  Derived rules of inference

In this section, we prove a few rules of inference derived from modus ponens ax-mp 5, and which do not depend on any other axioms.

Theorembj-mp2c 34295 A double modus ponens inference. Inference associated with mpd 15. (Contributed by BJ, 24-Sep-2019.)
𝜑    &   (𝜑𝜓)    &   (𝜑 → (𝜓𝜒))       𝜒

Theorembj-mp2d 34296 A double modus ponens inference. Inference associated with mpcom 38. (Contributed by BJ, 24-Sep-2019.)
𝜑    &   (𝜑𝜓)    &   (𝜓 → (𝜑𝜒))       𝜒

20.15.1.2  A syntactic theorem

In this section, we prove a syntactic theorem (bj-0 34297) asserting that some formula is well-formed. Then, we use this syntactic theorem to shorten the proof of a "usual" theorem (bj-1 34298) and explain in the comment of that theorem why this phenomenon is unusual.

Theorembj-0 34297 A syntactic theorem. See the section comment and the comment of bj-1 34298. The full proof (that is, with the syntactic, non-essential steps) does not appear on this webpage. It has five steps and reads \$= wph wps wi wch wi \$. The only other syntactic theorems in the main part of set.mm are wel 2112 and weq 1964. (Contributed by BJ, 24-Sep-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)
wff ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜒)

Theorembj-1 34298 In this proof, the use of the syntactic theorem bj-0 34297 allows to reduce the total length by one (non-essential) step. See also the section comment and the comment of bj-0 34297. Since bj-0 34297 is used in a non-essential step, this use does not appear on this webpage (but the present theorem appears on the webpage for bj-0 34297 as a theorem referencing it). The full proof reads \$= wph wps wch bj-0 id \$. (while, without using bj-0 34297, it would read \$= wph wps wi wch wi id \$.).

Now we explain why syntactic theorems are not useful in set.mm. Suppose that the syntactic theorem thm-0 proves that PHI is a well-formed formula, and that thm-0 is used to shorten the proof of thm-1. Assume that PHI does have proper non-atomic subformulas (which is not the case of the formula proved by weq 1964 or wel 2112). Then, the proof of thm-1 does not construct all the proper non-atomic subformulas of PHI (if it did, then using thm-0 would not shorten it). Therefore, thm-1 is a special instance of a more general theorem with essentially the same proof. In the present case, bj-1 34298 is a special instance of id 22. (Contributed by BJ, 24-Sep-2019.) (Proof modification is discouraged.) (New usage is discouraged.)

(((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜒) → ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜒))

20.15.1.3  Minimal implicational calculus

Theorembj-a1k 34299 Weakening of ax-1 6. As a consequence, its associated inference is an instance (where we allow extra hypotheses) of ax-1 6. Its commuted form is 2a1 28 (but bj-a1k 34299 does not require ax-2 7). This shortens the proofs of dfwe2 7500 (937>925), ordunisuc2 7563 (789>777), r111 9242 (558>545), smo11 8016 (1176>1164). (Contributed by BJ, 11-Aug-2020.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝜑 → (𝜓 → (𝜒𝜓)))

Theorembj-poni 34300 Inference associated with "pon", pm2.27 42. Its associated inference is ax-mp 5. (Contributed by BJ, 30-Jul-2024.)
𝜑       ((𝜑𝜓) → 𝜓)

Page List
Jump to page: Contents  1 1-100 2 101-200 3 201-300 4 301-400 5 401-500 6 501-600 7 601-700 8 701-800 9 801-900 10 901-1000 11 1001-1100 12 1101-1200 13 1201-1300 14 1301-1400 15 1401-1500 16 1501-1600 17 1601-1700 18 1701-1800 19 1801-1900 20 1901-2000 21 2001-2100 22 2101-2200 23 2201-2300 24 2301-2400 25 2401-2500 26 2501-2600 27 2601-2700 28 2701-2800 29 2801-2900 30 2901-3000 31 3001-3100 32 3101-3200 33 3201-3300 34 3301-3400 35 3401-3500 36 3501-3600 37 3601-3700 38 3701-3800 39 3801-3900 40 3901-4000 41 4001-4100 42 4101-4200 43 4201-4300 44 4301-4400 45 4401-4500 46 4501-4600 47 4601-4700 48 4701-4800 49 4801-4900 50 4901-5000 51 5001-5100 52 5101-5200 53 5201-5300 54 5301-5400 55 5401-5500 56 5501-5600 57 5601-5700 58 5701-5800 59 5801-5900 60 5901-6000 61 6001-6100 62 6101-6200 63 6201-6300 64 6301-6400 65 6401-6500 66 6501-6600 67 6601-6700 68 6701-6800 69 6801-6900 70 6901-7000 71 7001-7100 72 7101-7200 73 7201-7300 74 7301-7400 75 7401-7500 76 7501-7600 77 7601-7700 78 7701-7800 79 7801-7900 80 7901-8000 81 8001-8100 82 8101-8200 83 8201-8300 84 8301-8400 85 8401-8500 86 8501-8600 87 8601-8700 88 8701-8800 89 8801-8900 90 8901-9000 91 9001-9100 92 9101-9200 93 9201-9300 94 9301-9400 95 9401-9500 96 9501-9600 97 9601-9700 98 9701-9800 99 9801-9900 100 9901-10000 101 10001-10100 102 10101-10200 103 10201-10300 104 10301-10400 105 10401-10500 106 10501-10600 107 10601-10700 108 10701-10800 109 10801-10900 110 10901-11000 111 11001-11100 112 11101-11200 113 11201-11300 114 11301-11400 115 11401-11500 116 11501-11600 117 11601-11700 118 11701-11800 119 11801-11900 120 11901-12000 121 12001-12100 122 12101-12200 123 12201-12300 124 12301-12400 125 12401-12500 126 12501-12600 127 12601-12700 128 12701-12800 129 12801-12900 130 12901-13000 131 13001-13100 132 13101-13200 133 13201-13300 134 13301-13400 135 13401-13500 136 13501-13600 137 13601-13700 138 13701-13800 139 13801-13900 140 13901-14000 141 14001-14100 142 14101-14200 143 14201-14300 144 14301-14400 145 14401-14500 146 14501-14600 147 14601-14700 148 14701-14800 149 14801-14900 150 14901-15000 151 15001-15100 152 15101-15200 153 15201-15300 154 15301-15400 155 15401-15500 156 15501-15600 157 15601-15700 158 15701-15800 159 15801-15900 160 15901-16000 161 16001-16100 162 16101-16200 163 16201-16300 164 16301-16400 165 16401-16500 166 16501-16600 167 16601-16700 168 16701-16800 169 16801-16900 170 16901-17000 171 17001-17100 172 17101-17200 173 17201-17300 174 17301-17400 175 17401-17500 176 17501-17600 177 17601-17700 178 17701-17800 179 17801-17900 180 17901-18000 181 18001-18100 182 18101-18200 183 18201-18300 184 18301-18400 185 18401-18500 186 18501-18600 187 18601-18700 188 18701-18800 189 18801-18900 190 18901-19000 191 19001-19100 192 19101-19200 193 19201-19300 194 19301-19400 195 19401-19500 196 19501-19600 197 19601-19700 198 19701-19800 199 19801-19900 200 19901-20000 201 20001-20100 202 20101-20200 203 20201-20300 204 20301-20400 205 20401-20500 206 20501-20600 207 20601-20700 208 20701-20800 209 20801-20900 210 20901-21000 211 21001-21100 212 21101-21200 213 21201-21300 214 21301-21400 215 21401-21500 216 21501-21600 217 21601-21700 218 21701-21800 219 21801-21900 220 21901-22000 221 22001-22100 222 22101-22200 223 22201-22300 224 22301-22400 225 22401-22500 226 22501-22600 227 22601-22700 228 22701-22800 229 22801-22900 230 22901-23000 231 23001-23100 232 23101-23200 233 23201-23300 234 23301-23400 235 23401-23500 236 23501-23600 237 23601-23700 238 23701-23800 239 23801-23900 240 23901-24000 241 24001-24100 242 24101-24200 243 24201-24300 244 24301-24400 245 24401-24500 246 24501-24600 247 24601-24700 248 24701-24800 249 24801-24900 250 24901-25000 251 25001-25100 252 25101-25200 253 25201-25300 254 25301-25400 255 25401-25500 256 25501-25600 257 25601-25700 258 25701-25800 259 25801-25900 260 25901-26000 261 26001-26100 262 26101-26200 263 26201-26300 264 26301-26400 265 26401-26500 266 26501-26600 267 26601-26700 268 26701-26800 269 26801-26900 270 26901-27000 271 27001-27100 272 27101-27200 273 27201-27300 274 27301-27400 275 27401-27500 276 27501-27600 277 27601-27700 278 27701-27800 279 27801-27900 280 27901-28000 281 28001-28100 282 28101-28200 283 28201-28300 284 28301-28400 285 28401-28500 286 28501-28600 287 28601-28700 288 28701-28800 289 28801-28900 290 28901-29000 291 29001-29100 292 29101-29200 293 29201-29300 294 29301-29400 295 29401-29500 296 29501-29600 297 29601-29700 298 29701-29800 299 29801-29900 300 29901-30000 301 30001-30100 302 30101-30200 303 30201-30300 304 30301-30400 305 30401-30500 306 30501-30600 307 30601-30700 308 30701-30800 309 30801-30900 310 30901-31000 311 31001-31100 312 31101-31200 313 31201-31300 314 31301-31400 315 31401-31500 316 31501-31600 317 31601-31700 318 31701-31800 319 31801-31900 320 31901-32000 321 32001-32100 322 32101-32200 323 32201-32300 324 32301-32400 325 32401-32500 326 32501-32600 327 32601-32700 328 32701-32800 329 32801-32900 330 32901-33000 331 33001-33100 332 33101-33200 333 33201-33300 334 33301-33400 335 33401-33500 336 33501-33600 337 33601-33700 338 33701-33800 339 33801-33900 340 33901-34000 341 34001-34100 342 34101-34200 343 34201-34300 344 34301-34400 345 34401-34500 346 34501-34600 347 34601-34700 348 34701-34800 349 34801-34900 350 34901-35000 351 35001-35100 352 35101-35200 353 35201-35300 354 35301-35400 355 35401-35500 356 35501-35600 357 35601-35700 358 35701-35800 359 35801-35900 360 35901-36000 361 36001-36100 362 36101-36200 363 36201-36300 364 36301-36400 365 36401-36500 366 36501-36600 367 36601-36700 368 36701-36800 369 36801-36900 370 36901-37000 371 37001-37100 372 37101-37200 373 37201-37300 374 37301-37400 375 37401-37500 376 37501-37600 377 37601-37700 378 37701-37800 379 37801-37900 380 37901-38000 381 38001-38100 382 38101-38200 383 38201-38300 384 38301-38400 385 38401-38500 386 38501-38600 387 38601-38700 388 38701-38800 389 38801-38900 390 38901-39000 391 39001-39100 392 39101-39200 393 39201-39300 394 39301-39400 395 39401-39500 396 39501-39600 397 39601-39700 398 39701-39800 399 39801-39900 400 39901-40000 401 40001-40100 402 40101-40200 403 40201-40300 404 40301-40400 405 40401-40500 406 40501-40600 407 40601-40700 408 40701-40800 409 40801-40900 410 40901-41000 411 41001-41100 412 41101-41200 413 41201-41300 414 41301-41400 415 41401-41500 416 41501-41600 417 41601-41700 418 41701-41800 419 41801-41900 420 41901-42000 421 42001-42100 422 42101-42200 423 42201-42300 424 42301-42400 425 42401-42500 426 42501-42600 427 42601-42700 428 42701-42800 429 42801-42900 430 42901-43000 431 43001-43100 432 43101-43200 433 43201-43300 434 43301-43400 435 43401-43500 436 43501-43600 437 43601-43700 438 43701-43800 439 43801-43900 440 43901-44000 441 44001-44100 442 44101-44200 443 44201-44300 444 44301-44400 445 44401-44500 446 44501-44600 447 44601-44700 448 44701-44800 449 44801-44900 450 44901-45000 451 45001-45100 452 45101-45200 453 45201-45300 454 45301-45400 455 45401-45500 456 45501-45600 457 45601-45700 458 45701-45797
 Copyright terms: Public domain < Previous  Next >