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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 31201-31300   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Syntaxccarsg 31201 Class declaration for the Caratheodory sigma-Algebra construction.
class toCaraSiga

Definitiondf-carsg 31202* Define a function constructing Caratheodory measurable sets for a given outer measure. See carsgval 31203 for its value. Definition 1.11.2 of [Bogachev] p. 41. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
toCaraSiga = (𝑚 ∈ V ↦ {𝑎 ∈ 𝒫 dom 𝑚 ∣ ∀𝑒 ∈ 𝒫 dom 𝑚((𝑚‘(𝑒𝑎)) +𝑒 (𝑚‘(𝑒𝑎))) = (𝑚𝑒)})

Theoremcarsgval 31203* Value of the Caratheodory sigma-Algebra construction function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))       (𝜑 → (toCaraSiga‘𝑀) = {𝑎 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂 ∣ ∀𝑒 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂((𝑀‘(𝑒𝑎)) +𝑒 (𝑀‘(𝑒𝑎))) = (𝑀𝑒)})

Theoremcarsgcl 31204 Closure of the Caratheodory measurable sets. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))       (𝜑 → (toCaraSiga‘𝑀) ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂)

Theoremelcarsg 31205* Property of being a Catatheodory measurable set. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))       (𝜑 → (𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀) ↔ (𝐴𝑂 ∧ ∀𝑒 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂((𝑀‘(𝑒𝐴)) +𝑒 (𝑀‘(𝑒𝐴))) = (𝑀𝑒))))

Theorembaselcarsg 31206 The universe set, 𝑂, is Caratheodory measurable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)       (𝜑𝑂 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theorem0elcarsg 31207 The empty set is Caratheodory measurable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)       (𝜑 → ∅ ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremcarsguni 31208 The union of all Caratheodory measurable sets is the universe. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)       (𝜑 (toCaraSiga‘𝑀) = 𝑂)

Theoremelcarsgss 31209 Caratheodory measurable sets are subsets of the universe. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑𝐴𝑂)

Theoremdifelcarsg 31210 The Caratheodory measurable sets are closed under complement. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝑂𝐴) ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoreminelcarsg 31211* The Caratheodory measurable sets are closed under intersection. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 18-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑎 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂𝑏 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀‘(𝑎𝑏)) ≤ ((𝑀𝑎) +𝑒 (𝑀𝑏)))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremunelcarsg 31212* The Caratheodory-measurable sets are closed under pairwise unions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑎 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂𝑏 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀‘(𝑎𝑏)) ≤ ((𝑀𝑎) +𝑒 (𝑀𝑏)))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremdifelcarsg2 31213* The Caratheodory-measurable sets are closed under class difference. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   ((𝜑𝑎 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂𝑏 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀‘(𝑎𝑏)) ≤ ((𝑀𝑎) +𝑒 (𝑀𝑏)))    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremcarsgmon 31214* Utility lemma: Apply monotony. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 29-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))       (𝜑 → (𝑀𝐴) ≤ (𝑀𝐵))

Theoremcarsgsigalem 31215* Lemma for the following theorems. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))       ((𝜑𝑒 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂𝑓 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀‘(𝑒𝑓)) ≤ ((𝑀𝑒) +𝑒 (𝑀𝑓)))

Theoremfiunelcarsg 31216* The Caratheodory measurable sets are closed under finite union. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ Fin)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremcarsgclctunlem1 31217* Lemma for carsgclctun 31221. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ Fin)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   (𝜑Disj 𝑦𝐴 𝑦)    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂)       (𝜑 → (𝑀‘(𝐸 𝐴)) = Σ*𝑦𝐴(𝑀‘(𝐸𝑦)))

Theoremcarsggect 31218* The outer measure is countably superadditive on Caratheodory measurable sets. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 31-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ ∅ ∈ 𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≼ ω)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   (𝜑Disj 𝑦𝐴 𝑦)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))       (𝜑 → Σ*𝑧𝐴(𝑀𝑧) ≤ (𝑀 𝐴))

Theoremcarsgclctunlem2 31219* Lemma for carsgclctun 31221. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑Disj 𝑘 ∈ ℕ 𝐴)    &   ((𝜑𝑘 ∈ ℕ) → 𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀𝐸) ≠ +∞)       (𝜑 → ((𝑀‘(𝐸 𝑘 ∈ ℕ 𝐴)) +𝑒 (𝑀‘(𝐸 𝑘 ∈ ℕ 𝐴))) ≤ (𝑀𝐸))

Theoremcarsgclctunlem3 31220* Lemma for carsgclctun 31221. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≼ ω)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐸 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂)       (𝜑 → ((𝑀‘(𝐸 𝐴)) +𝑒 (𝑀‘(𝐸 𝐴))) ≤ (𝑀𝐸))

Theoremcarsgclctun 31221* The Caratheodory measurable sets are closed under countable union. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≼ ω)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ⊆ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))       (𝜑 𝐴 ∈ (toCaraSiga‘𝑀))

Theoremcarsgsiga 31222* The Caratheodory measurable sets constructed from outer measures form a Sigma-algebra. Statement (iii) of Theorem 1.11.4 of [Bogachev] p. 42. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
(𝜑𝑂𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀:𝒫 𝑂⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑀‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀 𝑥) ≤ Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑀𝑦))    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝑦𝑦 ∈ 𝒫 𝑂) → (𝑀𝑥) ≤ (𝑀𝑦))       (𝜑 → (toCaraSiga‘𝑀) ∈ (sigAlgebra‘𝑂))

Theoremomsmeas 31223 The restriction of a constructed outer measure to Catatheodory measurable sets is a measure. This theorem allows to construct measures from pre-measures with the required characteristics, as for the Lebesgue measure. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 17-May-2020.)
𝑀 = (toOMeas‘𝑅)    &   𝑆 = (toCaraSiga‘𝑀)    &   (𝜑𝑄𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅:𝑄⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → ∅ ∈ dom 𝑅)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑅‘∅) = 0)       (𝜑 → (𝑀𝑆) ∈ (measures‘𝑆))

Theorempmeasmono 31224* This theorem's hypotheses define a pre-measure. A pre-measure is monotone. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Jul-2020.)
(𝜑𝑃:𝑅⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥𝑅Disj 𝑦𝑥 𝑦)) → (𝑃 𝑥) = Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑃𝑦))    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑅)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵𝐴) ∈ 𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑃𝐴) ≤ (𝑃𝐵))

Theorempmeasadd 31225* A premeasure on a ring of sets is additive on disjoint countable collections. This is called sigma-additivity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Jul-2020.)
(𝜑𝑃:𝑅⟶(0[,]+∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝑃‘∅) = 0)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ≼ ω ∧ 𝑥𝑅Disj 𝑦𝑥 𝑦)) → (𝑃 𝑥) = Σ*𝑦𝑥(𝑃𝑦))    &   𝑄 = {𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 𝑂 ∣ (∅ ∈ 𝑠 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑠𝑦𝑠 ((𝑥𝑦) ∈ 𝑠 ∧ (𝑥𝑦) ∈ 𝑠))}    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑄)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ≼ ω)    &   ((𝜑𝑘𝐴) → 𝐵𝑅)    &   (𝜑Disj 𝑘𝐴 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑃 𝑘𝐴 𝐵) = Σ*𝑘𝐴(𝑃𝐵))

20.3.18  Integration

20.3.18.1  Lebesgue integral - misc additions

Theoremitgeq12dv 31226* Equality theorem for an integral. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Feb-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 = 𝐵)    &   ((𝜑𝑥𝐴) → 𝐶 = 𝐷)       (𝜑 → ∫𝐴𝐶 d𝑥 = ∫𝐵𝐷 d𝑥)

20.3.18.2  Bochner integral

Syntaxcitgm 31227 Extend class notation with the (measure) Bochner integral.
class itgm

Syntaxcsitm 31228 Extend class notation with the integral metric for simple functions.
class sitm

Syntaxcsitg 31229 Extend class notation with the integral of simple functions.
class sitg

Definitiondf-sitg 31230* Define the integral of simple functions from a measurable space dom 𝑚 to a generic space 𝑤 equipped with the right scalar product. 𝑤 will later be required to be a Banach space.

These simple functions are required to take finitely many different values: this is expressed by ran 𝑔 ∈ Fin in the definition.

Moreover, for each 𝑥, the pre-image (𝑔 “ {𝑥}) is requested to be measurable, of finite measure.

In this definition, (sigaGen‘(TopOpen‘𝑤)) is the Borel sigma-algebra on 𝑤, and the functions 𝑔 range over the measurable functions over that Borel algebra.

Definition 2.4.1 of [Bogachev] p. 118. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Oct-2017.)

sitg = (𝑤 ∈ V, 𝑚 ran measures ↦ (𝑓 ∈ {𝑔 ∈ (dom 𝑚MblFnM(sigaGen‘(TopOpen‘𝑤))) ∣ (ran 𝑔 ∈ Fin ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝑔 ∖ {(0g𝑤)})(𝑚‘(𝑔 “ {𝑥})) ∈ (0[,)+∞))} ↦ (𝑤 Σg (𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∖ {(0g𝑤)}) ↦ (((ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑤))‘(𝑚‘(𝑓 “ {𝑥})))( ·𝑠𝑤)𝑥)))))

Definitiondf-sitm 31231* Define the integral metric for simple functions, as the integral of the distances between the function values. Since distances take nonnegative values in *, the range structure for this integral is (ℝ*𝑠s (0[,]+∞)). See definition 2.3.1 of [Bogachev] p. 116. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 22-Oct-2017.)
sitm = (𝑤 ∈ V, 𝑚 ran measures ↦ (𝑓 ∈ dom (𝑤sitg𝑚), 𝑔 ∈ dom (𝑤sitg𝑚) ↦ (((ℝ*𝑠s (0[,]+∞))sitg𝑚)‘(𝑓𝑓 (dist‘𝑤)𝑔))))

Theoremsitgval 31232* Value of the simple function integral builder for a given space 𝑊 and measure 𝑀. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Jan-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)       (𝜑 → (𝑊sitg𝑀) = (𝑓 ∈ {𝑔 ∈ (dom 𝑀MblFnM𝑆) ∣ (ran 𝑔 ∈ Fin ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝑔 ∖ { 0 })(𝑀‘(𝑔 “ {𝑥})) ∈ (0[,)+∞))} ↦ (𝑊 Σg (𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝑓 ∖ { 0 }) ↦ ((𝐻‘(𝑀‘(𝑓 “ {𝑥}))) · 𝑥)))))

Theoremissibf 31233* The predicate "𝐹 is a simple function" relative to the Bochner integral. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)       (𝜑 → (𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀) ↔ (𝐹 ∈ (dom 𝑀MblFnM𝑆) ∧ ran 𝐹 ∈ Fin ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝐹 ∖ { 0 })(𝑀‘(𝐹 “ {𝑥})) ∈ (0[,)+∞))))

Theoremsibf0 31234 The constant zero function is a simple function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 4-Mar-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ Mnd)       (𝜑 → ( dom 𝑀 × { 0 }) ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))

Theoremsibfmbl 31235 A simple function is measurable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑𝐹 ∈ (dom 𝑀MblFnM𝑆))

Theoremsibff 31236 A simple function is a function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑𝐹: dom 𝑀 𝐽)

Theoremsibfrn 31237 A simple function has finite range. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑 → ran 𝐹 ∈ Fin)

Theoremsibfima 31238 Any preimage of a singleton by a simple function is measurable. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       ((𝜑𝐴 ∈ (ran 𝐹 ∖ { 0 })) → (𝑀‘(𝐹 “ {𝐴})) ∈ (0[,)+∞))

Theoremsibfinima 31239 The measure of the intersection of any two preimages by simple functions is a real number. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Mar-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ Fre)       (((𝜑𝑋 ∈ ran 𝐹𝑌 ∈ ran 𝐺) ∧ (𝑋0𝑌0 )) → (𝑀‘((𝐹 “ {𝑋}) ∩ (𝐺 “ {𝑌}))) ∈ (0[,)+∞))

Theoremsibfof 31240 Applying function operations on simple functions results in simple functions with regard to the destination space, provided the operation fulfills a simple condition. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 12-Mar-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   𝐶 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑+ :(𝐵 × 𝐵)⟶𝐶)    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐾 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ Fre)    &   (𝜑 → ( 0 + 0 ) = (0g𝐾))       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝑓 + 𝐺) ∈ dom (𝐾sitg𝑀))

Theoremsitgfval 31241* Value of the Bochner integral for a simple function 𝐹. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Jan-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝐹) = (𝑊 Σg (𝑥 ∈ (ran 𝐹 ∖ { 0 }) ↦ ((𝐻‘(𝑀‘(𝐹 “ {𝑥}))) · 𝑥))))

Theoremsitgclg 31242* Closure of the Bochner integral on simple functions, generic version. See sitgclbn 31243 for the version for Banach spaces. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Feb-2018.) (Proof shortened by AV, 12-Dec-2019.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑊)    &   𝐷 = ((dist‘𝐺) ↾ ((Base‘𝐺) × (Base‘𝐺)))    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ CMnd)    &   (𝜑 → (Scalar‘𝑊) ∈ ℝExt )    &   ((𝜑𝑚 ∈ (𝐻 “ (0[,)+∞)) ∧ 𝑥𝐵) → (𝑚 · 𝑥) ∈ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝐹) ∈ 𝐵)

Theoremsitgclbn 31243 Closure of the Bochner integral on a simple function. This version is specific to Banach spaces, with additional conditions on its scalar field. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ Ban)    &   (𝜑 → (Scalar‘𝑊) ∈ ℝExt )       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝐹) ∈ 𝐵)

Theoremsitgclcn 31244 Closure of the Bochner integral on a simple function. This version is specific to Banach spaces on the complex numbers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ Ban)    &   (𝜑 → (Scalar‘𝑊) = ℂfld)       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝐹) ∈ 𝐵)

Theoremsitgclre 31245 Closure of the Bochner integral on a simple function. This version is specific to Banach spaces on the real numbers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ Ban)    &   (𝜑 → (Scalar‘𝑊) = ℝfld)       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝐹) ∈ 𝐵)

Theoremsitg0 31246 The integral of the constant zero function is zero. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Mar-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ Mnd)       (𝜑 → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘( dom 𝑀 × { 0 })) = 0 )

Theoremsitgf 31247* The integral for simple functions is itself a function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Feb-2018.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   ((𝜑𝑓 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀)) → ((𝑊sitg𝑀)‘𝑓) ∈ 𝐵)       (𝜑 → (𝑊sitg𝑀):dom (𝑊sitg𝑀)⟶𝐵)

Theoremsitgaddlemb 31248 Lemma for * sitgadd . (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Mar-2019.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝑊)    &   𝐽 = (TopOpen‘𝑊)    &   𝑆 = (sigaGen‘𝐽)    &    0 = (0g𝑊)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑊)    &   𝐻 = (ℝHom‘(Scalar‘𝑊))    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ TopSp)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑊v (𝐻 “ (0[,)+∞))) ∈ SLMod)    &   (𝜑𝐽 ∈ Fre)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑 → (Scalar‘𝑊) ∈ ℝExt )    &    + = (+g𝑊)       ((𝜑𝑝 ∈ ((ran 𝐹 × ran 𝐺) ∖ {⟨ 0 , 0 ⟩})) → ((𝐻‘(𝑀‘((𝐹 “ {(1st𝑝)}) ∩ (𝐺 “ {(2nd𝑝)})))) · (2nd𝑝)) ∈ 𝐵)

Theoremsitmval 31249* Value of the simple function integral metric for a given space 𝑊 and measure 𝑀. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Jan-2018.)
𝐷 = (dist‘𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)       (𝜑 → (𝑊sitm𝑀) = (𝑓 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀), 𝑔 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀) ↦ (((ℝ*𝑠s (0[,]+∞))sitg𝑀)‘(𝑓𝑓 𝐷𝑔))))

Theoremsitmfval 31250 Value of the integral distance between two simple functions. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Jan-2018.)
𝐷 = (dist‘𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑊𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐹(𝑊sitm𝑀)𝐺) = (((ℝ*𝑠s (0[,]+∞))sitg𝑀)‘(𝐹𝑓 𝐷𝐺)))

Theoremsitmcl 31251 Closure of the integral distance between two simple functions, for an extended metric space. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Feb-2018.)
(𝜑𝑊 ∈ Mnd)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ ∞MetSp)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)    &   (𝜑𝐹 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))    &   (𝜑𝐺 ∈ dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))       (𝜑 → (𝐹(𝑊sitm𝑀)𝐺) ∈ (0[,]+∞))

Theoremsitmf 31252 The integral metric as a function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Mar-2018.)
(𝜑𝑊 ∈ Mnd)    &   (𝜑𝑊 ∈ ∞MetSp)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ran measures)       (𝜑 → (𝑊sitm𝑀):(dom (𝑊sitg𝑀) × dom (𝑊sitg𝑀))⟶(0[,]+∞))

Definitiondf-itgm 31253* Define the Bochner integral as the extension by continuity of the Bochnel integral for simple functions.

Bogachev first defines 'fundamental in the mean' sequences, in definition 2.3.1 of [Bogachev] p. 116, and notes that those are actually Cauchy sequences for the pseudometric (𝑤sitm𝑚).

He then defines the Bochner integral in chapter 2.4.4 in [Bogachev] p. 118. The definition of the Lebesgue integral, df-itg 23927.

(Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Feb-2018.)

itgm = (𝑤 ∈ V, 𝑚 ran measures ↦ (((metUnif‘(𝑤sitm𝑚))CnExt(UnifSt‘𝑤))‘(𝑤sitg𝑚)))

20.3.19  Euler's partition theorem

Theoremoddpwdc 31254* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. The function 𝐹 that decomposes a number into its "odd" and "even" parts, which is to say the largest power of two and largest odd divisor of a number, is a bijection from pairs of a nonnegative integer and an odd number to positive integers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2017.)
𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))       𝐹:(𝐽 × ℕ0)–1-1-onto→ℕ

Theoremoddpwdcv 31255* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: value of the 𝐹 function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Sep-2017.)
𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))       (𝑊 ∈ (𝐽 × ℕ0) → (𝐹𝑊) = ((2↑(2nd𝑊)) · (1st𝑊)))

Theoremeulerpartlemsv1 31256* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. Value of the sum of a partition 𝐴. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 26-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) → (𝑆𝐴) = Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝐴𝑘) · 𝑘))

Theoremeulerpartlemelr 31257* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) → (𝐴:ℕ⟶ℕ0 ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin))

Theoremeulerpartlemsv2 31258* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. Value of the sum of a finite partition 𝐴 (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) → (𝑆𝐴) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (𝐴 “ ℕ)((𝐴𝑘) · 𝑘))

Theoremeulerpartlemsf 31259* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 8-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       𝑆:((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅)⟶ℕ0

Theoremeulerpartlems 31260* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 6-Aug-2018.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Sep-2019.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       ((𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (ℤ‘((𝑆𝐴) + 1))) → (𝐴𝑡) = 0)

Theoremeulerpartlemsv3 31261* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. Value of the sum of a finite partition 𝐴 (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) → (𝑆𝐴) = Σ𝑘 ∈ (1...(𝑆𝐴))((𝐴𝑘) · 𝑘))

Theoremeulerpartlemgc 31262* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Aug-2018.)
𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       ((𝐴 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ∧ (𝑡 ∈ ℕ ∧ 𝑛 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴𝑡)))) → ((2↑𝑛) · 𝑡) ≤ (𝑆𝐴))

Theoremeulerpartleme 31263* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jan-2015.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}       (𝐴𝑃 ↔ (𝐴:ℕ⟶ℕ0 ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝐴𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁))

Theoremeulerpartlemv 31264* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}       (𝐴𝑃 ↔ (𝐴:ℕ⟶ℕ0 ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ (𝐴 “ ℕ)((𝐴𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁))

Theoremeulerpartlemo 31265* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: 𝑂 is the set of odd partitions of 𝑁. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Aug-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}       (𝐴𝑂 ↔ (𝐴𝑃 ∧ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛))

Theoremeulerpartlemd 31266* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: 𝐷 is the set of distinct part. of 𝑁. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 11-Aug-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}       (𝐴𝐷 ↔ (𝐴𝑃 ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ⊆ {0, 1}))

Theoremeulerpartlem1 31267* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Sep-2019.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})       𝑀:𝐻1-1-onto→(𝒫 (𝐽 × ℕ0) ∩ Fin)

Theoremeulerpartlemb 31268* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. The set of all partitions of 𝑁 is finite. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 26-Jan-2015.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})       𝑃 ∈ Fin

Theoremeulerpartlemt0 31269* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Sep-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↔ (𝐴 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ (𝐴 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽))

Theoremeulerpartlemf 31270* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: Odd partitions are zero for even numbers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 9-Sep-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ∧ 𝑡 ∈ (ℕ ∖ 𝐽)) → (𝐴𝑡) = 0)

Theoremeulerpartlemt 31271* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 19-Sep-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}       ((ℕ0𝑚 𝐽) ∩ 𝑅) = ran (𝑚 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ (𝑚𝐽))

Theoremeulerpartgbij 31272* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: The 𝐺 function is a bijection. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 27-Aug-2017.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Sep-2019.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       𝐺:(𝑇𝑅)–1-1-onto→(({0, 1} ↑𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅)

Theoremeulerpartlemgv 31273* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: value of the function 𝐺. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Nov-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → (𝐺𝐴) = ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝐴𝐽))))))

Theoremeulerpartlemr 31274* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 13-Nov-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       𝑂 = ((𝑇𝑅) ∩ 𝑃)

Theoremeulerpartlemmf 31275* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Aug-2018.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Sep-2019.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → (bits ∘ (𝐴𝐽)) ∈ 𝐻)

Theoremeulerpartlemgvv 31276* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: value of the function 𝐺 evaluated. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       ((𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℕ) → ((𝐺𝐴)‘𝐵) = if(∃𝑡 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑛 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴𝑡))((2↑𝑛) · 𝑡) = 𝐵, 1, 0))

Theoremeulerpartlemgu 31277* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: Rewriting the 𝑈 set for an odd partition Note that interestingly, this proof reuses marypha2lem2 8695. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))    &   𝑈 = 𝑡 ∈ ((𝐴 “ ℕ) ∩ 𝐽)({𝑡} × (bits‘(𝐴𝑡)))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → 𝑈 = {⟨𝑡, 𝑛⟩ ∣ (𝑡 ∈ ((𝐴 “ ℕ) ∩ 𝐽) ∧ 𝑛 ∈ ((bits ∘ 𝐴)‘𝑡))})

Theoremeulerpartlemgh 31278* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: The 𝐹 function is a bijection on the 𝑈 subsets. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 15-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))    &   𝑈 = 𝑡 ∈ ((𝐴 “ ℕ) ∩ 𝐽)({𝑡} × (bits‘(𝐴𝑡)))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → (𝐹𝑈):𝑈1-1-onto→{𝑚 ∈ ℕ ∣ ∃𝑡 ∈ ℕ ∃𝑛 ∈ (bits‘(𝐴𝑡))((2↑𝑛) · 𝑡) = 𝑚})

Theoremeulerpartlemgf 31279* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: Images under 𝐺 have finite support. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 29-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → ((𝐺𝐴) “ ℕ) ∈ Fin)

Theoremeulerpartlemgs2 31280* Lemma for eulerpart 31282: The 𝐺 function also preserves partition sums. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 10-Sep-2017.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐴 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) → (𝑆‘(𝐺𝐴)) = (𝑆𝐴))

Theoremeulerpartlemn 31281* Lemma for eulerpart 31282. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 30-Aug-2018.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}    &   𝐽 = {𝑧 ∈ ℕ ∣ ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑧}    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝐽, 𝑦 ∈ ℕ0 ↦ ((2↑𝑦) · 𝑥))    &   𝐻 = {𝑟 ∈ ((𝒫 ℕ0 ∩ Fin) ↑𝑚 𝐽) ∣ (𝑟 supp ∅) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑀 = (𝑟𝐻 ↦ {⟨𝑥, 𝑦⟩ ∣ (𝑥𝐽𝑦 ∈ (𝑟𝑥))})    &   𝑅 = {𝑓 ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin}    &   𝑇 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ (𝑓 “ ℕ) ⊆ 𝐽}    &   𝐺 = (𝑜 ∈ (𝑇𝑅) ↦ ((𝟭‘ℕ)‘(𝐹 “ (𝑀‘(bits ∘ (𝑜𝐽))))))    &   𝑆 = (𝑓 ∈ ((ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∩ 𝑅) ↦ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘))       (𝐺𝑂):𝑂1-1-onto𝐷

Theoremeulerpart 31282* Euler's theorem on partitions, also known as a special case of Glaisher's theorem. Let 𝑃 be the set of all partitions of 𝑁, represented as multisets of positive integers, which is to say functions from to 0 where the value of the function represents the number of repetitions of an individual element, and the sum of all the elements with repetition equals 𝑁. Then the set 𝑂 of all partitions that only consist of odd numbers and the set 𝐷 of all partitions which have no repeated elements have the same cardinality. This is Metamath 100 proof #45. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 14-Aug-2018.) (Revised by Thierry Arnoux, 1-Sep-2019.)
𝑃 = {𝑓 ∈ (ℕ0𝑚 ℕ) ∣ ((𝑓 “ ℕ) ∈ Fin ∧ Σ𝑘 ∈ ℕ ((𝑓𝑘) · 𝑘) = 𝑁)}    &   𝑂 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ (𝑔 “ ℕ) ¬ 2 ∥ 𝑛}    &   𝐷 = {𝑔𝑃 ∣ ∀𝑛 ∈ ℕ (𝑔𝑛) ≤ 1}       (♯‘𝑂) = (♯‘𝐷)

20.3.20  Sequences defined by strong recursion

Syntaxcsseq 31283 Sequences defined by strong recursion.
class seqstr

Definitiondf-sseq 31284* Define a builder for sequences by strong recursion, i.e. by computing the value of the n-th element of the sequence from all preceding elements and not just the previous one. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Apr-2019.)
seqstr = (𝑚 ∈ V, 𝑓 ∈ V ↦ (𝑚 ∪ (lastS ∘ seq(♯‘𝑚)((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ (𝑥 ++ ⟨“(𝑓𝑥)”⟩)), (ℕ0 × {(𝑚 ++ ⟨“(𝑓𝑚)”⟩)})))))

Theoremsubiwrd 31285 Lemma for sseqp1 31296. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℕ0𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐹 ↾ (0..^𝑁)) ∈ Word 𝑆)

Theoremsubiwrdlen 31286 Length of a subword of an infinite word. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℕ0𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (♯‘(𝐹 ↾ (0..^𝑁))) = 𝑁)

Theoremiwrdsplit 31287 Lemma for sseqp1 31296. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.) (Proof shortened by AV, 14-Oct-2022.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℕ0𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐹 ↾ (0..^(𝑁 + 1))) = ((𝐹 ↾ (0..^𝑁)) ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑁)”⟩))

TheoremiwrdsplitOLD 31288 Obsolete version of iwrdsplit 31287 as of 12-Oct-2022. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.) (New usage is discouraged.) (Proof modification is discouraged.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝐹:ℕ0𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ ℕ0)       (𝜑 → (𝐹 ↾ (0..^(𝑁 + 1))) = ((𝐹 ↾ (0..^𝑁)) ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑁)”⟩))

Theoremsseqval 31289* Value of the strong sequence builder function. The set 𝑊 represents here the words of length greater than or equal to the lenght of the initial sequence 𝑀. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝑀seqstr𝐹) = (𝑀 ∪ (lastS ∘ seq(♯‘𝑀)((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ (𝑥 ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑥)”⟩)), (ℕ0 × {(𝑀 ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑀)”⟩)})))))

Theoremsseqfv1 31290 Value of the strong sequence builder function at one of its initial values. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (0..^(♯‘𝑀)))       (𝜑 → ((𝑀seqstr𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝑀𝑁))

Theoremsseqfn 31291 A strong recursive sequence is a function over the nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝑀seqstr𝐹) Fn ℕ0)

Theoremsseqmw 31292 Lemma for sseqf 31293 amd sseqp1 31296. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)       (𝜑𝑀𝑊)

Theoremsseqf 31293 A strong recursive sequence is a function over the nonnegative integers. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Apr-2019.) (Proof shortened by AV, 7-Mar-2022.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝑀seqstr𝐹):ℕ0𝑆)

Theoremsseqfres 31294 The first elements in the strong recursive sequence are the sequence initializer. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 23-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)       (𝜑 → ((𝑀seqstr𝐹) ↾ (0..^(♯‘𝑀))) = 𝑀)

Theoremsseqfv2 31295* Value of the strong sequence builder function. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 21-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀)))       (𝜑 → ((𝑀seqstr𝐹)‘𝑁) = (lastS‘(seq(♯‘𝑀)((𝑥 ∈ V, 𝑦 ∈ V ↦ (𝑥 ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑥)”⟩)), (ℕ0 × {(𝑀 ++ ⟨“(𝐹𝑀)”⟩)}))‘𝑁)))

Theoremsseqp1 31296 Value of the strong sequence builder function at a successor. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 24-Apr-2019.)
(𝜑𝑆 ∈ V)    &   (𝜑𝑀 ∈ Word 𝑆)    &   𝑊 = (Word 𝑆 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀))))    &   (𝜑𝐹:𝑊𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑁 ∈ (ℤ‘(♯‘𝑀)))       (𝜑 → ((𝑀seqstr𝐹)‘𝑁) = (𝐹‘((𝑀seqstr𝐹) ↾ (0..^𝑁))))

20.3.21  Fibonacci Numbers

Syntaxcfib 31297 The Fibonacci sequence.
class Fibci

Definitiondf-fib 31298 Define the Fibonacci sequence, where that each element is the sum of the two preceding ones, starting from 0 and 1. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
Fibci = (⟨“01”⟩seqstr(𝑤 ∈ (Word ℕ0 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘2))) ↦ ((𝑤‘((♯‘𝑤) − 2)) + (𝑤‘((♯‘𝑤) − 1)))))

Theoremfiblem 31299 Lemma for fib0 31300, fib1 31301 and fibp1 31302. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
(𝑤 ∈ (Word ℕ0 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘2))) ↦ ((𝑤‘((♯‘𝑤) − 2)) + (𝑤‘((♯‘𝑤) − 1)))):(Word ℕ0 ∩ (♯ “ (ℤ‘(♯‘⟨“01”⟩))))⟶ℕ0

Theoremfib0 31300 Value of the Fibonacci sequence at index 0. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 25-Apr-2019.)
(Fibci‘0) = 0

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