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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 16601-16700   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremqusin 16601 Restrict the equivalence relation in a quotient structure to the base set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ( 𝑉) ⊆ 𝑉)       (𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ( ∩ (𝑉 × 𝑉))))

Theoremqusbas 16602 Base set of a quotient structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)       (𝜑 → (𝑉 / ) = (Base‘𝑈))

Theoremquss 16603 The scalar field of a quotient structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   𝐾 = (Scalar‘𝑅)       (𝜑𝐾 = (Scalar‘𝑈))

Theoremdivsfval 16604* Value of the function in qusval 16599. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ V)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )       (𝜑 → (𝐹𝐴) = [𝐴] )

Theoremercpbllem 16605* Lemma for ercpbl 16606. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ V)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑉)       (𝜑 → ((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐹𝐵) ↔ 𝐴 𝐵))

Theoremercpbl 16606* Translate the function compatibility relation to a quotient set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ V)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑎𝑉𝑏𝑉)) → (𝑎 + 𝑏) ∈ 𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐶𝐵 𝐷) → (𝐴 + 𝐵) (𝐶 + 𝐷)))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉) ∧ (𝐶𝑉𝐷𝑉)) → (((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐹𝐶) ∧ (𝐹𝐵) = (𝐹𝐷)) → (𝐹‘(𝐴 + 𝐵)) = (𝐹‘(𝐶 + 𝐷))))

Theoremerlecpbl 16607* Translate the relation compatibility relation to a quotient set. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 12-Aug-2015.)
(𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑉 ∈ V)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )    &   (𝜑 → ((𝐴 𝐶𝐵 𝐷) → (𝐴𝑁𝐵𝐶𝑁𝐷)))       ((𝜑 ∧ (𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑉) ∧ (𝐶𝑉𝐷𝑉)) → (((𝐹𝐴) = (𝐹𝐶) ∧ (𝐹𝐵) = (𝐹𝐷)) → (𝐴𝑁𝐵𝐶𝑁𝐷)))

Theoremqusaddvallem 16608* Value of an operation defined on a quotient structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )    &   (𝜑 = 𝑝𝑉 𝑞𝑉 {⟨⟨(𝐹𝑝), (𝐹𝑞)⟩, (𝐹‘(𝑝 · 𝑞))⟩})       ((𝜑𝑋𝑉𝑌𝑉) → ([𝑋] [𝑌] ) = [(𝑋 · 𝑌)] )

Theoremqusaddflem 16609* The operation of a quotient structure is a function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑉 ↦ [𝑥] )    &   (𝜑 = 𝑝𝑉 𝑞𝑉 {⟨⟨(𝐹𝑝), (𝐹𝑞)⟩, (𝐹‘(𝑝 · 𝑞))⟩})       (𝜑 :((𝑉 / ) × (𝑉 / ))⟶(𝑉 / ))

Theoremqusaddval 16610* The base set of an image structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &    · = (+g𝑅)    &    = (+g𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑋𝑉𝑌𝑉) → ([𝑋] [𝑌] ) = [(𝑋 · 𝑌)] )

Theoremqusaddf 16611* The base set of an image structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &    · = (+g𝑅)    &    = (+g𝑈)       (𝜑 :((𝑉 / ) × (𝑉 / ))⟶(𝑉 / ))

Theoremqusmulval 16612* The base set of an image structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &    · = (.r𝑅)    &    = (.r𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑋𝑉𝑌𝑉) → ([𝑋] [𝑌] ) = [(𝑋 · 𝑌)] )

Theoremqusmulf 16613* The base set of an image structure. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Feb-2015.)
(𝜑𝑈 = (𝑅 /s ))    &   (𝜑𝑉 = (Base‘𝑅))    &   (𝜑 Er 𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑍)    &   (𝜑 → ((𝑎 𝑝𝑏 𝑞) → (𝑎 · 𝑏) (𝑝 · 𝑞)))    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑝𝑉𝑞𝑉)) → (𝑝 · 𝑞) ∈ 𝑉)    &    · = (.r𝑅)    &    = (.r𝑈)       (𝜑 :((𝑉 / ) × (𝑉 / ))⟶(𝑉 / ))

Theoremxpsc 16614 A short expression for the pair function mapping 0 to 𝐴 and 1 to 𝐵. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵}) = (({∅} × {𝐴}) ∪ ({1o} × {𝐵}))

Theoremxpscg 16615 A short expression for the pair function mapping 0 to 𝐴 and 1 to 𝐵. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵}) = {⟨∅, 𝐴⟩, ⟨1o, 𝐵⟩})

Theoremxpscfn 16616 The pair function is a function on 2o = {∅, 1o}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵}) Fn 2o)

Theoremxpsc0 16617 The pair function maps 0 to 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴𝑉 → (({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})‘∅) = 𝐴)

Theoremxpsc1 16618 The pair function maps 1 to 𝐵. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝐵𝑉 → (({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})‘1o) = 𝐵)

Theoremxpscfv 16619 The value of the pair function at an element of 2o. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊𝐶 ∈ 2o) → (({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})‘𝐶) = if(𝐶 = ∅, 𝐴, 𝐵))

Theoremxpsfrnel 16620* Elementhood in the target space of the function 𝐹 appearing in xpsval 16629. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
(𝐺X𝑘 ∈ 2o if(𝑘 = ∅, 𝐴, 𝐵) ↔ (𝐺 Fn 2o ∧ (𝐺‘∅) ∈ 𝐴 ∧ (𝐺‘1o) ∈ 𝐵))

Theoremxpsfeq 16621 A function on 2o is determined by its values at zero and one. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 27-Aug-2015.)
(𝐺 Fn 2o({(𝐺‘∅)} +𝑐 {(𝐺‘1o)}) = 𝐺)

Theoremxpsfrnel2 16622* Elementhood in the target space of the function 𝐹 appearing in xpsval 16629. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
(({𝑋} +𝑐 {𝑌}) ∈ X𝑘 ∈ 2o if(𝑘 = ∅, 𝐴, 𝐵) ↔ (𝑋𝐴𝑌𝐵))

Theoremxpscf 16623 Equivalent condition for the pair function to be a proper function on 𝐴. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(({𝑋} +𝑐 {𝑌}):2o𝐴 ↔ (𝑋𝐴𝑌𝐴))

Theoremxpsfval 16624* The value of the function appearing in xpsval 16629. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐵({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))       ((𝑋𝐴𝑌𝐵) → (𝑋𝐹𝑌) = ({𝑋} +𝑐 {𝑌}))

Theoremxpsff1o 16625* The function appearing in xpsval 16629 is a bijection from the cartesian product to the indexed cartesian product indexed on the pair 2o = {∅, 1o}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐵({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))       𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)–1-1-ontoX𝑘 ∈ 2o if(𝑘 = ∅, 𝐴, 𝐵)

Theoremxpsfrn 16626* A short expression for the indexed cartesian product on two indices. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐵({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))       ran 𝐹 = X𝑘 ∈ 2o if(𝑘 = ∅, 𝐴, 𝐵)

Theoremxpsfrn2 16627* A short expression for the indexed cartesian product on two indices. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐵({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))       ((𝐴𝑉𝐵𝑊) → ran 𝐹 = X𝑘 ∈ 2o (({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})‘𝑘))

Theoremxpsff1o2 16628* The function appearing in xpsval 16629 is a bijection from the cartesian product to the indexed cartesian product indexed on the pair 2o = {∅, 1o}. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (𝑥𝐴, 𝑦𝐵({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))       𝐹:(𝐴 × 𝐵)–1-1-onto→ran 𝐹

Theoremxpsval 16629* Value of the binary structure product function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 14-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))    &   𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑅)    &   𝑈 = (𝐺Xs({𝑅} +𝑐 {𝑆}))       (𝜑𝑇 = (𝐹s 𝑈))

Theoremxpslem 16630* The indexed structure product that appears in xpsval 16629 has the same base as the target of the function 𝐹. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))    &   𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑅)    &   𝑈 = (𝐺Xs({𝑅} +𝑐 {𝑆}))       (𝜑 → ran 𝐹 = (Base‘𝑈))

Theoremxpsbas 16631 The base set of the binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)       (𝜑 → (𝑋 × 𝑌) = (Base‘𝑇))

Theoremxpsaddlem 16632* Lemma for xpsadd 16633 and xpsmul 16634. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐶) ∈ 𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 × 𝐷) ∈ 𝑌)    &    · = (𝐸𝑅)    &    × = (𝐸𝑆)    &    = (𝐸𝑇)    &   𝐹 = (𝑥𝑋, 𝑦𝑌({𝑥} +𝑐 {𝑦}))    &   𝑈 = ((Scalar‘𝑅)Xs({𝑅} +𝑐 {𝑆}))    &   ((𝜑({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵}) ∈ ran 𝐹({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷}) ∈ ran 𝐹) → ((𝐹({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})) (𝐹({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷}))) = (𝐹‘(({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})(𝐸𝑈)({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷}))))    &   ((({𝑅} +𝑐 {𝑆}) Fn 2o({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵}) ∈ (Base‘𝑈) ∧ ({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷}) ∈ (Base‘𝑈)) → (({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})(𝐸𝑈)({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷})) = (𝑘 ∈ 2o ↦ ((({𝐴} +𝑐 {𝐵})‘𝑘)(𝐸‘(({𝑅} +𝑐 {𝑆})‘𝑘))(({𝐶} +𝑐 {𝐷})‘𝑘))))       (𝜑 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩) = ⟨(𝐴 · 𝐶), (𝐵 × 𝐷)⟩)

Theoremxpsadd 16633 Value of the addition operation in a binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐶) ∈ 𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 × 𝐷) ∈ 𝑌)    &    · = (+g𝑅)    &    × = (+g𝑆)    &    = (+g𝑇)       (𝜑 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩) = ⟨(𝐴 · 𝐶), (𝐵 × 𝐷)⟩)

Theoremxpsmul 16634 Value of the multiplication operation in a binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐶) ∈ 𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 × 𝐷) ∈ 𝑌)    &    · = (.r𝑅)    &    × = (.r𝑆)    &    = (.r𝑇)       (𝜑 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩) = ⟨(𝐴 · 𝐶), (𝐵 × 𝐷)⟩)

Theoremxpssca 16635 Value of the scalar field of a binary structure product. For concreteness, we choose the scalar field to match the left argument, but in most cases where this slot is meaningful both factors will have the same scalar field, so that it doesn't matter which factor is chosen. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)       (𝜑𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑇))

Theoremxpsvsca 16636 Value of the scalar multiplication function in a binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝐺 = (Scalar‘𝑅)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   𝐾 = (Base‘𝐺)    &    · = ( ·𝑠𝑅)    &    × = ( ·𝑠𝑆)    &    = ( ·𝑠𝑇)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝐾)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑌)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 · 𝐵) ∈ 𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → (𝐴 × 𝐶) ∈ 𝑌)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 𝐵, 𝐶⟩) = ⟨(𝐴 · 𝐵), (𝐴 × 𝐶)⟩)

Theoremxpsless 16637 Closure of the ordering in a binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 15-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &    = (le‘𝑇)       (𝜑 ⊆ ((𝑋 × 𝑌) × (𝑋 × 𝑌)))

Theoremxpsle 16638 Value of the ordering in a binary structure product. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
𝑇 = (𝑅 ×s 𝑆)    &   𝑋 = (Base‘𝑅)    &   𝑌 = (Base‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑅𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑊)    &    = (le‘𝑇)    &   𝑀 = (le‘𝑅)    &   𝑁 = (le‘𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝐴𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐵𝑌)    &   (𝜑𝐶𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐷𝑌)       (𝜑 → (⟨𝐴, 𝐵𝐶, 𝐷⟩ ↔ (𝐴𝑀𝐶𝐵𝑁𝐷)))

7.2  Moore spaces

Syntaxcmre 16639 The class of Moore systems.
class Moore

Syntaxcmrc 16640 The class function generating Moore closures.
class mrCls

Syntaxcmri 16641 mrInd is a class function which takes a Moore system to its set of independent sets.
class mrInd

Syntaxcacs 16642 The class of algebraic closure (Moore) systems.
class ACS

Definitiondf-mre 16643* Define a Moore collection, which is a family of subsets of a base set which preserve arbitrary intersection. Elements of a Moore collection are termed closed; Moore collections generalize the notion of closedness from topologies (cldmre 21301) and vector spaces (lssmre 19372) to the most general setting in which such concepts make sense. Definition of Moore collection of sets in [Schechter] p. 78. A Moore collection may also be called a closure system (Section 0.6 in [Gratzer] p. 23.) The name Moore collection is after Eliakim Hastings Moore, who discussed these systems in Part I of [Moore] p. 53 to 76.

See ismre 16647, mresspw 16649, mre1cl 16651 and mreintcl 16652 for the major properties of a Moore collection. Note that a Moore collection uniquely determines its base set (mreuni 16657); as such the disjoint union of all Moore collections is sometimes considered as ran Moore, justified by mreunirn 16658. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.) (Revised by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)

Moore = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ {𝑐 ∈ 𝒫 𝒫 𝑥 ∣ (𝑥𝑐 ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑐(𝑠 ≠ ∅ → 𝑠𝑐))})

Definitiondf-mrc 16644* Define the Moore closure of a generating set, which is the smallest closed set containing all generating elements. Definition of Moore closure in [Schechter] p. 79. This generalizes topological closure (mrccls 21302) and linear span (mrclsp 19395).

A Moore closure operation 𝑁 is (1) extensive, i.e., 𝑥 ⊆ (𝑁𝑥) for all subsets 𝑥 of the base set (mrcssid 16674), (2) isotone, i.e., 𝑥𝑦 implies that (𝑁𝑥) ⊆ (𝑁𝑦) for all subsets 𝑥 and 𝑦 of the base set (mrcss 16673), and (3) idempotent, i.e., (𝑁‘(𝑁𝑥)) = (𝑁𝑥) for all subsets 𝑥 of the base set (mrcidm 16676.) Operators satisfying these three properties are in bijective correspondence with Moore collections, so these properties may be used to give an alternate characterization of a Moore collection by providing a closure operation 𝑁 on the set of subsets of a given base set which satisfies (1), (2), and (3); the closed sets can be recovered as those sets which equal their closures (Section 4.5 in [Schechter] p. 82.) (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.) (Revised by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)

mrCls = (𝑐 ran Moore ↦ (𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑐 {𝑠𝑐𝑥𝑠}))

Definitiondf-mri 16645* In a Moore system, a set is independent if no element of the set is in the closure of the set with the element removed (Section 0.6 in [Gratzer] p. 27; Definition 4.1.1 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 83.) mrInd is a class function which takes a Moore system to its set of independent sets. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
mrInd = (𝑐 ran Moore ↦ {𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑐 ∣ ∀𝑥𝑠 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ ((mrCls‘𝑐)‘(𝑠 ∖ {𝑥}))})

Definitiondf-acs 16646* An important subclass of Moore systems are those which can be interpreted as closure under some collection of operators of finite arity (the collection itself is not required to be finite). These are termed algebraic closure systems; similar to definition (A) of an algebraic closure system in [Schechter] p. 84, but to avoid the complexity of an arbitrary mixed collection of functions of various arities (especially if the axiom of infinity omex 8839 is to be avoided), we consider a single function defined on finite sets instead. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
ACS = (𝑥 ∈ V ↦ {𝑐 ∈ (Moore‘𝑥) ∣ ∃𝑓(𝑓:𝒫 𝑥⟶𝒫 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑥(𝑠𝑐 (𝑓 “ (𝒫 𝑠 ∩ Fin)) ⊆ 𝑠))})

Theoremismre 16647* Property of being a Moore collection on some base set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ↔ (𝐶 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋𝑋𝐶 ∧ ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝐶(𝑠 ≠ ∅ → 𝑠𝐶)))

Theoremfnmre 16648 The Moore collection generator is a well-behaved function. Analogue for Moore collections of fntopon 21147 for topologies. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
Moore Fn V

Theoremmresspw 16649 A Moore collection is a subset of the power of the base set; each closed subset of the system is actually a subset of the base. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐶 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋)

Theoremmress 16650 A Moore-closed subset is a subset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝐶) → 𝑆𝑋)

Theoremmre1cl 16651 In any Moore collection the base set is closed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝑋𝐶)

Theoremmreintcl 16652 A nonempty collection of closed sets has a closed intersection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝐶𝑆 ≠ ∅) → 𝑆𝐶)

Theoremmreiincl 16653* A nonempty indexed intersection of closed sets is closed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 1-Feb-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐼 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∀𝑦𝐼 𝑆𝐶) → 𝑦𝐼 𝑆𝐶)

Theoremmrerintcl 16654 The relative intersection of a set of closed sets is closed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝐶) → (𝑋 𝑆) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremmreriincl 16655* The relative intersection of a family of closed sets is closed. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ ∀𝑦𝐼 𝑆𝐶) → (𝑋 𝑦𝐼 𝑆) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremmreincl 16656 Two closed sets have a closed intersection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐶) → (𝐴𝐵) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremmreuni 16657 Since the entire base set of a Moore collection is the greatest element of it, the base set can be recovered from a Moore collection by set union. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐶 = 𝑋)

Theoremmreunirn 16658 Two ways to express the notion of being a Moore collection on an unspecified base. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ran Moore ↔ 𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘ 𝐶))

Theoremismred 16659* Properties that determine a Moore collection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝜑𝐶 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑋𝐶)    &   ((𝜑𝑠𝐶𝑠 ≠ ∅) → 𝑠𝐶)       (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))

Theoremismred2 16660* Properties that determine a Moore collection, using restricted intersection. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 3-Apr-2015.)
(𝜑𝐶 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋)    &   ((𝜑𝑠𝐶) → (𝑋 𝑠) ∈ 𝐶)       (𝜑𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))

Theoremmremre 16661 The Moore collections of subsets of a space, viewed as a kind of subset of the power set, form a Moore collection in their own right on the power set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 30-Jan-2015.)
(𝑋𝑉 → (Moore‘𝑋) ∈ (Moore‘𝒫 𝑋))

Theoremsubmre 16662 The subcollection of a closed set system below a given closed set is itself a closed set system. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Mar-2015.)
((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐴𝐶) → (𝐶 ∩ 𝒫 𝐴) ∈ (Moore‘𝐴))

7.2.1  Moore closures

Theoremmrcflem 16663* The domain and range of the function expression for Moore closures. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
(𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → (𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋 {𝑠𝐶𝑥𝑠}):𝒫 𝑋𝐶)

Theoremfnmrc 16664 Moore-closure is a well-behaved function. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 1-Feb-2015.)
mrCls Fn ran Moore

Theoremmrcfval 16665* Value of the function expression for the Moore closure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐹 = (𝑥 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋 {𝑠𝐶𝑥𝑠}))

Theoremmrcf 16666 The Moore closure is a function mapping arbitrary subsets to closed sets. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐹:𝒫 𝑋𝐶)

Theoremmrcval 16667* Evaluation of the Moore closure of a set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.) (Proof shortened by Fan Zheng, 6-Jun-2016.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → (𝐹𝑈) = {𝑠𝐶𝑈𝑠})

Theoremmrccl 16668 The Moore closure of a set is a closed set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → (𝐹𝑈) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremmrcsncl 16669 The Moore closure of a singleton is a closed set. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → (𝐹‘{𝑈}) ∈ 𝐶)

Theoremmrcid 16670 The closure of a closed set is itself. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝐶) → (𝐹𝑈) = 𝑈)

Theoremmrcssv 16671 The closure of a set is a subset of the base. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → (𝐹𝑈) ⊆ 𝑋)

Theoremmrcidb 16672 A set is closed iff it is equal to its closure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       (𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → (𝑈𝐶 ↔ (𝐹𝑈) = 𝑈))

Theoremmrcss 16673 Closure preserves subset ordering. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑉𝑉𝑋) → (𝐹𝑈) ⊆ (𝐹𝑉))

Theoremmrcssid 16674 The closure of a set is a superset. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → 𝑈 ⊆ (𝐹𝑈))

Theoremmrcidb2 16675 A set is closed iff it contains its closure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 2-Apr-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → (𝑈𝐶 ↔ (𝐹𝑈) ⊆ 𝑈))

Theoremmrcidm 16676 The closure operation is idempotent. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋) → (𝐹‘(𝐹𝑈)) = (𝐹𝑈))

Theoremmrcsscl 16677 The closure is the minimal closed set; any closed set which contains the generators is a superset of the closure. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑉𝑉𝐶) → (𝐹𝑈) ⊆ 𝑉)

Theoremmrcuni 16678 Idempotence of closure under a general union. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈 ⊆ 𝒫 𝑋) → (𝐹 𝑈) = (𝐹 (𝐹𝑈)))

Theoremmrcun 16679 Idempotence of closure under a pair union. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 31-Jan-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑈𝑋𝑉𝑋) → (𝐹‘(𝑈𝑉)) = (𝐹‘((𝐹𝑈) ∪ (𝐹𝑉))))

Theoremmrcssvd 16680 The Moore closure of a set is a subset of the base. Deduction form of mrcssv 16671. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)       (𝜑 → (𝑁𝐵) ⊆ 𝑋)

Theoremmrcssd 16681 Moore closure preserves subset ordering. Deduction form of mrcss 16673. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑉)    &   (𝜑𝑉𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑈) ⊆ (𝑁𝑉))

Theoremmrcssidd 16682 A set is contained in its Moore closure. Deduction form of mrcssid 16674. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑋)       (𝜑𝑈 ⊆ (𝑁𝑈))

Theoremmrcidmd 16683 Moore closure is idempotent. Deduction form of mrcidm 16676. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑈𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑁‘(𝑁𝑈)) = (𝑁𝑈))

Theoremmressmrcd 16684 In a Moore system, if a set is between another set and its closure, the two sets have the same closure. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ⊆ (𝑁𝑇))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝑁𝑆) = (𝑁𝑇))

Theoremsubmrc 16685 In a closure system which is cut off above some level, closures below that level act as normal. (Contributed by Stefan O'Rear, 9-Mar-2015.)
𝐹 = (mrCls‘𝐶)    &   𝐺 = (mrCls‘(𝐶 ∩ 𝒫 𝐷))       ((𝐶 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝐷𝐶𝑈𝐷) → (𝐺𝑈) = (𝐹𝑈))

Theoremmrieqvlemd 16686 In a Moore system, if 𝑌 is a member of 𝑆, (𝑆 ∖ {𝑌}) and 𝑆 have the same closure if and only if 𝑌 is in the closure of (𝑆 ∖ {𝑌}). Used in the proof of mrieqvd 16695 and mrieqv2d 16696. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑆)       (𝜑 → (𝑌 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑌})) ↔ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑌})) = (𝑁𝑆)))

7.2.2  Independent sets in a Moore system

Theoremmrisval 16687* Value of the set of independent sets of a Moore system. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)       (𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → 𝐼 = {𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋 ∣ ∀𝑥𝑠 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑠 ∖ {𝑥}))})

Theoremismri 16688* Criterion for a set to be an independent set of a Moore system. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)       (𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ (𝑆𝑋 ∧ ∀𝑥𝑆 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑥})))))

Theoremismri2 16689* Criterion for a subset of the base set in a Moore system to be independent. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)       ((𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝑋) → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑆 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑥}))))

Theoremismri2d 16690* Criterion for a subset of the base set in a Moore system to be independent. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑆 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑥}))))

Theoremismri2dd 16691* Definition of independence of a subset of the base set in a Moore system. One-way deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑥𝑆 ¬ 𝑥 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑥})))       (𝜑𝑆𝐼)

Theoremmriss 16692 An independent set of a Moore system is a subset of the base set. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)       ((𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋) ∧ 𝑆𝐼) → 𝑆𝑋)

Theoremmrissd 16693 An independent set of a Moore system is a subset of the base set. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)       (𝜑𝑆𝑋)

Theoremismri2dad 16694 Consequence of a set in a Moore system being independent. Deduction form. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑆)       (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑌 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑌})))

Theoremmrieqvd 16695* In a Moore system, a set is independent if and only if, for all elements of the set, the closure of the set with the element removed is unequal to the closure of the original set. Part of Proposition 4.1.3 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 83. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ ∀𝑥𝑆 (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∖ {𝑥})) ≠ (𝑁𝑆)))

Theoremmrieqv2d 16696* In a Moore system, a set is independent if and only if all its proper subsets have closure properly contained in the closure of the set. Part of Proposition 4.1.3 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 83. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)       (𝜑 → (𝑆𝐼 ↔ ∀𝑠(𝑠𝑆 → (𝑁𝑠) ⊊ (𝑁𝑆))))

Theoremmrissmrcd 16697 In a Moore system, if an independent set is between a set and its closure, the two sets are equal (since the two sets must have equal closures by mressmrcd 16684, and so are equal by mrieqv2d 16696.) (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆 ⊆ (𝑁𝑇))    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)       (𝜑𝑆 = 𝑇)

Theoremmrissmrid 16698 In a Moore system, subsets of independent sets are independent. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑇𝑆)       (𝜑𝑇𝐼)

Theoremmreexd 16699* In a Moore system, the closure operator is said to have the exchange property if, for all elements 𝑦 and 𝑧 of the base set and subsets 𝑆 of the base set such that 𝑧 is in the closure of (𝑆 ∪ {𝑦}) but not in the closure of 𝑆, 𝑦 is in the closure of (𝑆 ∪ {𝑧}) (Definition 3.1.9 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 57 to 58.) This theorem allows us to construct substitution instances of this definition. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝑋𝑉)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧 ∈ ((𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑦})) ∖ (𝑁𝑠))𝑦 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑧})))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝑍 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∪ {𝑌})))    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑍 ∈ (𝑁𝑆))       (𝜑𝑌 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑆 ∪ {𝑍})))

Theoremmreexmrid 16700* In a Moore system whose closure operator has the exchange property, if a set is independent and an element is not in its closure, then adding the element to the set gives another independent set. Lemma 4.1.5 in [FaureFrolicher] p. 84. (Contributed by David Moews, 1-May-2017.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ (Moore‘𝑋))    &   𝑁 = (mrCls‘𝐴)    &   𝐼 = (mrInd‘𝐴)    &   (𝜑 → ∀𝑠 ∈ 𝒫 𝑋𝑦𝑋𝑧 ∈ ((𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑦})) ∖ (𝑁𝑠))𝑦 ∈ (𝑁‘(𝑠 ∪ {𝑧})))    &   (𝜑𝑆𝐼)    &   (𝜑𝑌𝑋)    &   (𝜑 → ¬ 𝑌 ∈ (𝑁𝑆))       (𝜑 → (𝑆 ∪ {𝑌}) ∈ 𝐼)

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