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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 35801-35900   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremdalemeea 35801 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))       (𝜑𝐸𝐴)

Theoremdalem3 35802 Lemma for dalemdnee 35804. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝐷𝑄) → 𝐷𝐸)

Theoremdalem4 35803 Lemma for dalemdnee 35804. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝐷𝑇) → 𝐷𝐸)

Theoremdalemdnee 35804 Lemma for dath 35874. Axis of perspectivity points 𝐷 and 𝐸 are different. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))       (𝜑𝐷𝐸)

Theoremdalem5 35805 Lemma for dath 35874. Atom 𝑈 (in plane 𝑍 = 𝑆𝑇𝑈) belongs to the 3-dimensional volume formed by 𝑌 and 𝐶. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       (𝜑𝑈 𝑊)

Theoremdalem6 35806 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem5 35805 for 𝑆. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       (𝜑𝑆 𝑊)

Theoremdalem7 35807 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem5 35805 for 𝑇. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       (𝜑𝑇 𝑊)

Theoremdalem8 35808 Lemma for dath 35874. Plane 𝑍 belongs to the 3-dimensional space. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       (𝜑𝑍 𝑊)

Theoremdalem-cly 35809 Lemma for dalem9 35810. Center of perspectivity 𝐶 is not in plane 𝑌 (when 𝑌 and 𝑍 are different planes). (Contributed by NM, 13-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → ¬ 𝐶 𝑌)

Theoremdalem9 35810 Lemma for dath 35874. Since ¬ 𝐶 𝑌, the join 𝑌 𝐶 forms a 3-dimensional space. (Contributed by NM, 20-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑉 = (LVols‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → 𝑊𝑉)

Theoremdalem10 35811 Lemma for dath 35874. Atom 𝐷 belongs to the axis of perspectivity 𝑋. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑋 = (𝑌 𝑍)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))       (𝜑𝐷 𝑋)

Theoremdalem11 35812 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem10 35811 for 𝐸. (Contributed by NM, 23-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑋 = (𝑌 𝑍)    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))       (𝜑𝐸 𝑋)

Theoremdalem12 35813 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem10 35811 for 𝐹. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑋 = (𝑌 𝑍)    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       (𝜑𝐹 𝑋)

Theoremdalem13 35814 Lemma for dalem14 35815. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → (𝑌 𝑍) = 𝑊)

Theoremdalem14 35815 Lemma for dath 35874. Planes 𝑌 and 𝑍 form a 3-dimensional space (when they are different). (Contributed by NM, 22-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑉 = (LVols‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑊 = (𝑌 𝐶)       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → (𝑌 𝑍) ∈ 𝑉)

Theoremdalem15 35816 Lemma for dath 35874. The axis of perspectivity 𝑋 is a line. (Contributed by NM, 21-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (LLines‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝑋 = (𝑌 𝑍)       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → 𝑋𝑁)

Theoremdalem16 35817 Lemma for dath 35874. The atoms 𝐷, 𝐸, and 𝐹 form a line of perspectivity. This is Desargues's theorem for the special case where planes 𝑌 and 𝑍 are different. (Contributed by NM, 7-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌𝑍) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Theoremdalem17 35818 Lemma for dath 35874. When planes 𝑌 and 𝑍 are equal, the center of perspectivity 𝐶 is in 𝑌. (Contributed by NM, 1-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍) → 𝐶 𝑌)

Theoremdalem18 35819* Lemma for dath 35874. Show that a dummy atom 𝑐 exists outside of the 𝑌 and 𝑍 planes (when those planes are equal). This requires that the projective space be 3-dimensional. (Desargues's theorem does not always hold in 2 dimensions.) (Contributed by NM, 29-Jul-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)       (𝜑 → ∃𝑐𝐴 ¬ 𝑐 𝑌)

Theoremdalem19 35820* Lemma for dath 35874. Show that a second dummy atom 𝑑 exists outside of the 𝑌 and 𝑍 planes (when those planes are equal). (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍) ∧ 𝑐𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌) → ∃𝑑𝐴 (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑)))

Theoremdalemccea 35821 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓𝑐𝐴)

Theoremdalemddea 35822 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓𝑑𝐴)

Theoremdalem-ccly 35823 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓 → ¬ 𝑐 𝑌)

Theoremdalem-ddly 35824 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓 → ¬ 𝑑 𝑌)

Theoremdalemccnedd 35825 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓𝑐𝑑)

Theoremdalemclccjdd 35826 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       (𝜓𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))

Theoremdalemcceb 35827 Lemma for dath 35874. Frequently-used utility lemma. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)       (𝜓𝑐 ∈ (Base‘𝐾))

Theoremdalemswapyzps 35828 Lemma for dath 35874. Swap the 𝑌 and 𝑍 planes, along with dummy concurrency (center of perspectivity) atoms 𝑐 and 𝑑, to allow reuse of analogous proofs. (Contributed by NM, 17-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝑑𝐴𝑐𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑍 ∧ (𝑐𝑑 ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑍𝐶 (𝑑 𝑐))))

Theoremdalemrotps 35829 Lemma for dath 35874. Rotate triangles 𝑌 = 𝑃𝑄𝑅 and 𝑍 = 𝑆𝑇𝑈 to allow reuse of analogous proofs. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)       ((𝜑𝜓) → ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑃) ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 ((𝑄 𝑅) 𝑃) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))

Theoremdalemcjden 35830 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that the dummy atoms form a line. (Contributed by NM, 15-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))       ((𝜑𝜓) → (𝑐 𝑑) ∈ (LLines‘𝐾))

Theoremdalem20 35831* Lemma for dath 35874. Show that a second dummy atom 𝑑 exists outside of the 𝑌 and 𝑍 planes (when those planes are equal). (Contributed by NM, 14-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍) → ∃𝑐𝑑𝜓)

Theoremdalem21 35832 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that lines 𝑐𝑑 and 𝑃𝑆 intersect at an atom. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝑐 𝑑) (𝑃 𝑆)) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremdalem22 35833 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that lines 𝑐𝑑 and 𝑃𝑆 determine a plane. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝑐 𝑑) (𝑃 𝑆)) ∈ 𝑂)

Theoremdalem23 35834 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that auxiliary atom 𝐺 is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐺𝐴)

Theoremdalem24 35835 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that auxiliary atom 𝐺 is outside of plane 𝑌. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝐺 𝑌)

Theoremdalem25 35836 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that the dummy center of perspectivity 𝑐 is different from auxiliary atom 𝐺. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑐𝐺)

Theoremdalem27 35837 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that the line 𝐺𝑃 intersects the dummy center of perspectivity 𝑐. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑐 (𝐺 𝑃))

Theoremdalem28 35838 Lemma for dath 35874. Lemma dalem27 35837 expressed differently. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑃 (𝐺 𝑐))

Theoremdalem29 35839 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem23 35834 for 𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐻𝐴)

Theoremdalem30 35840 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem24 35835 for 𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝐻 𝑌)

Theoremdalem31N 35841 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem25 35836 for 𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑐𝐻)

Theoremdalem32 35842 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem27 35837 for 𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑐 (𝐻 𝑄))

Theoremdalem33 35843 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem28 35838 for 𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑄 (𝐻 𝑐))

Theoremdalem34 35844 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem23 35834 for 𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 2-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐼𝐴)

Theoremdalem35 35845 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem24 35835 for 𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 3-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝐼 𝑌)

Theoremdalem36 35846 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem27 35837 for 𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑐 (𝐼 𝑅))

Theoremdalem37 35847 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem28 35838 for 𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑅 (𝐼 𝑐))

Theoremdalem38 35848 Lemma for dath 35874. Plane 𝑌 belongs to the 3-dimensional volume 𝐺𝐻𝐼𝑐. (Contributed by NM, 5-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝑌 (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑐))

Theoremdalem39 35849 Lemma for dath 35874. Auxiliary atoms 𝐺, 𝐻, and 𝐼 are not colinear. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝐻 (𝐼 𝐺))

Theoremdalem40 35850 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem39 35849 for 𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝐼 (𝐺 𝐻))

Theoremdalem41 35851 Lemma for dath 35874. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐺𝐻)

Theoremdalem42 35852 Lemma for dath 35874. Auxiliary atoms 𝐺𝐻𝐼 form a plane. (Contributed by NM, 4-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) ∈ 𝑂)

Theoremdalem43 35853 Lemma for dath 35874. Planes 𝐺𝐻𝐼 and 𝑌 are different. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) ≠ 𝑌)

Theoremdalem44 35854 Lemma for dath 35874. Dummy center of perspectivity 𝑐 lies outside of plane 𝐺𝐻𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼))

Theoremdalem45 35855 Lemma for dath 35874. Dummy center of perspectivity 𝑐 is not on the line 𝐺𝐻. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝐺 𝐻))

Theoremdalem46 35856 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem45 35855 for 𝐻𝐼. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝐻 𝐼))

Theoremdalem47 35857 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem45 35855 for 𝐼𝐺. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝐼 𝐺))

Theoremdalem48 35858 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem45 35855 for 𝑃𝑄. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝑃 𝑄))

Theoremdalem49 35859 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem45 35855 for 𝑄𝑅. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝑄 𝑅))

Theoremdalem50 35860 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem45 35855 for 𝑅𝑃. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝜓) → ¬ 𝑐 (𝑅 𝑃))

Theoremdalem51 35861 Lemma for dath 35874. Construct the condition 𝜑 with 𝑐, 𝐺𝐻𝐼, and 𝑌 in place of 𝐶, 𝑌, and 𝑍 respectively. This lets us reuse the special case of Desargues's theorem where 𝑌𝑍, to eventually prove the case where 𝑌 = 𝑍. (Contributed by NM, 16-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑐𝐴) ∧ (𝐺𝐴𝐻𝐴𝐼𝐴) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴)) ∧ (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) ∈ 𝑂𝑌𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝑐 (𝐺 𝐻) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 (𝐻 𝐼) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 (𝐼 𝐺)) ∧ (¬ 𝑐 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (𝑐 (𝐺 𝑃) ∧ 𝑐 (𝐻 𝑄) ∧ 𝑐 (𝐼 𝑅)))) ∧ ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) ≠ 𝑌))

Theoremdalem52 35862 Lemma for dath 35874. Lines 𝐺𝐻 and 𝑃𝑄 intersect at an atom. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) (𝑃 𝑄)) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremdalem53 35863 Lemma for dath 35874. The auxliary axis of perspectivity 𝐵 is a line (analogous to the actual axis of perspectivity 𝑋 in dalem15 35816. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (LLines‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐵𝑁)

Theoremdalem54 35864 Lemma for dath 35874. Line 𝐺𝐻 intersects the auxiliary axis of perspectivity 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐵) ∈ 𝐴)

Theoremdalem55 35865 Lemma for dath 35874. Lines 𝐺𝐻 and 𝑃𝑄 intersect at the auxiliary line 𝐵 (later shown to be an axis of perspectivity; see dalem60 35870). (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) (𝑃 𝑄)) = ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐵))

Theoremdalem56 35866 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem55 35865 for line 𝑆𝑇. (Contributed by NM, 8-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → ((𝐺 𝐻) (𝑆 𝑇)) = ((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐵))

Theoremdalem57 35867 Lemma for dath 35874. Axis of perspectivity point 𝐷 is on the auxiliary line 𝐵. (Contributed by NM, 9-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐷 𝐵)

Theoremdalem58 35868 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem57 35867 for 𝐸. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐸 𝐵)

Theoremdalem59 35869 Lemma for dath 35874. Analogue of dalem57 35867 for 𝐹. (Contributed by NM, 10-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐹 𝐵)

Theoremdalem60 35870 Lemma for dath 35874. 𝐵 is an axis of perspectivity (almost). (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐺 = ((𝑐 𝑃) (𝑑 𝑆))    &   𝐻 = ((𝑐 𝑄) (𝑑 𝑇))    &   𝐼 = ((𝑐 𝑅) (𝑑 𝑈))    &   𝐵 = (((𝐺 𝐻) 𝐼) 𝑌)       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → (𝐷 𝐸) = 𝐵)

Theoremdalem61 35871 Lemma for dath 35874. Show that atoms 𝐷, 𝐸, and 𝐹 lie on the same line (axis of perspectivity). Eliminate hypotheses containing dummy atoms 𝑐 and 𝑑. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   (𝜓 ↔ ((𝑐𝐴𝑑𝐴) ∧ ¬ 𝑐 𝑌 ∧ (𝑑𝑐 ∧ ¬ 𝑑 𝑌𝐶 (𝑐 𝑑))))    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍𝜓) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Theoremdalem62 35872 Lemma for dath 35874. Eliminate the condition 𝜓 containing dummy variables 𝑐 and 𝑑. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       ((𝜑𝑌 = 𝑍) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Theoremdalem63 35873 Lemma for dath 35874. Combine the cases where 𝑌 and 𝑍 are different planes with the case where 𝑌 and 𝑍 are the same plane. (Contributed by NM, 11-Aug-2012.)
(𝜑 ↔ (((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶 ∈ (Base‘𝐾)) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (𝑌𝑂𝑍𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))))    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝑌 = ((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅)    &   𝑍 = ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       (𝜑𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Theoremdath 35874 Desargues's theorem of projective geometry (proved for a Hilbert lattice). Assume each triple of atoms (points) 𝑃𝑄𝑅 and 𝑆𝑇𝑈 forms a triangle (i.e. determines a plane). Assume that lines 𝑃𝑆, 𝑄𝑇, and 𝑅𝑈 meet at a "center of perspectivity" 𝐶. (We also assume that 𝐶 is not on any of the 6 lines forming the two triangles.) Then the atoms 𝐷 = (𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇), 𝐸 = (𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈), 𝐹 = (𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆) are colinear, forming an "axis of perspectivity".

Our proof roughly follows Theorem 2.7.1, p. 78 in Beutelspacher and Rosenbaum, Projective Geometry: From Foundations to Applications, Cambridge University Press (1988). Unlike them, we do not assume that 𝐶 is an atom to make this theorem slightly more general for easier future use. However, we prove that 𝐶 must be an atom in dalemcea 35798.

For a visual demonstration, see the "Desargues's theorem" applet at http://www.dynamicgeometry.com/JavaSketchpad/Gallery.html. The points I, J, and K there define the axis of perspectivity.

See theorem dalaw 36024 for Desargues's law, which eliminates all of the preconditions on the atoms except for central perspectivity. This is Metamath 100 proof #87. (Contributed by NM, 20-Aug-2012.)

𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))) → 𝐹 (𝐷 𝐸))

Theoremdath2 35875 Version of Desargues's theorem dath 35874 with a different variable ordering. (Contributed by NM, 7-Oct-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &    = (meet‘𝐾)    &   𝑂 = (LPlanes‘𝐾)    &   𝐷 = ((𝑃 𝑄) (𝑆 𝑇))    &   𝐸 = ((𝑄 𝑅) (𝑇 𝑈))    &   𝐹 = ((𝑅 𝑃) (𝑈 𝑆))       ((((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝐶𝐵) ∧ (𝑃𝐴𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑆𝐴𝑇𝐴𝑈𝐴)) ∧ (((𝑃 𝑄) 𝑅) ∈ 𝑂 ∧ ((𝑆 𝑇) 𝑈) ∈ 𝑂) ∧ ((¬ 𝐶 (𝑃 𝑄) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑅) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑃)) ∧ (¬ 𝐶 (𝑆 𝑇) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑇 𝑈) ∧ ¬ 𝐶 (𝑈 𝑆)) ∧ (𝐶 (𝑃 𝑆) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑄 𝑇) ∧ 𝐶 (𝑅 𝑈)))) → 𝐷 (𝐸 𝐹))

Theoremlineset 35876* The set of lines in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (Lines‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐵𝑁 = {𝑠 ∣ ∃𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴 (𝑞𝑟𝑠 = {𝑝𝐴𝑝 (𝑞 𝑟)})})

Theoremisline 35877* The predicate "is a line". (Contributed by NM, 19-Sep-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (Lines‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷 → (𝑋𝑁 ↔ ∃𝑞𝐴𝑟𝐴 (𝑞𝑟𝑋 = {𝑝𝐴𝑝 (𝑞 𝑟)})))

Theoremislinei 35878* Condition implying "is a line". (Contributed by NM, 3-Feb-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑁 = (Lines‘𝐾)       (((𝐾𝐷𝑄𝐴𝑅𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑅𝑋 = {𝑝𝐴𝑝 (𝑄 𝑅)})) → 𝑋𝑁)

TheorempointsetN 35879* The set of points in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑃 = (Points‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐵𝑃 = {𝑝 ∣ ∃𝑎𝐴 𝑝 = {𝑎}})

TheoremispointN 35880* The predicate "is a point". (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑃 = (Points‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷 → (𝑋𝑃 ↔ ∃𝑎𝐴 𝑋 = {𝑎}))

TheorematpointN 35881 The singleton of an atom is a point. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑃 = (Points‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐷𝑋𝐴) → {𝑋} ∈ 𝑃)

Theorempsubspset 35882* The set of projective subspaces in a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐵𝑆 = {𝑠 ∣ (𝑠𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑝𝑠𝑞𝑠𝑟𝐴 (𝑟 (𝑝 𝑞) → 𝑟𝑠))})

Theoremispsubsp 35883* The predicate "is a projective subspace". (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷 → (𝑋𝑆 ↔ (𝑋𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑝𝑋𝑞𝑋𝑟𝐴 (𝑟 (𝑝 𝑞) → 𝑟𝑋))))

Theoremispsubsp2 35884* The predicate "is a projective subspace". (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐷 → (𝑋𝑆 ↔ (𝑋𝐴 ∧ ∀𝑝𝐴 (∃𝑞𝑋𝑟𝑋 𝑝 (𝑞 𝑟) → 𝑝𝑋))))

Theorempsubspi 35885* Property of a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (((𝐾𝐷𝑋𝑆𝑃𝐴) ∧ ∃𝑞𝑋𝑟𝑋 𝑃 (𝑞 𝑟)) → 𝑃𝑋)

Theorempsubspi2N 35886 Property of a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 13-Jan-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
= (le‘𝐾)    &    = (join‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (((𝐾𝐷𝑋𝑆𝑃𝐴) ∧ (𝑄𝑋𝑅𝑋𝑃 (𝑄 𝑅))) → 𝑃𝑋)

Theorem0psubN 35887 The empty set is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝑉 → ∅ ∈ 𝑆)

TheoremsnatpsubN 35888 The singleton of an atom is a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 9-Sep-2013.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ AtLat ∧ 𝑃𝐴) → {𝑃} ∈ 𝑆)

TheorempointpsubN 35889 A point (singleton of an atom) is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑃 = (Points‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ AtLat ∧ 𝑋𝑃) → 𝑋𝑆)

TheoremlinepsubN 35890 A line is a projective subspace. (Contributed by NM, 16-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝑁 = (Lines‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ Lat ∧ 𝑋𝑁) → 𝑋𝑆)

TheorematpsubN 35891 The set of all atoms is a projective subspace. Remark below Definition 15.1 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 61. (Contributed by NM, 13-Oct-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝑉𝐴𝑆)

Theorempsubssat 35892 A projective subspace consists of atoms. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2011.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐵𝑋𝑆) → 𝑋𝐴)

TheorempsubatN 35893 A member of a projective subspace is an atom. (Contributed by NM, 4-Nov-2011.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑆 = (PSubSp‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐵𝑋𝑆𝑌𝑋) → 𝑌𝐴)

Theorempmapfval 35894* The projective map of a Hilbert lattice. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       (𝐾𝐶𝑀 = (𝑥𝐵 ↦ {𝑎𝐴𝑎 𝑥}))

Theorempmapval 35895* Value of the projective map of a Hilbert lattice. Definition in Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 2-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐶𝑋𝐵) → (𝑀𝑋) = {𝑎𝐴𝑎 𝑋})

Theoremelpmap 35896 Member of a projective map. (Contributed by NM, 27-Jan-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐶𝑋𝐵) → (𝑃 ∈ (𝑀𝑋) ↔ (𝑃𝐴𝑃 𝑋)))

Theorempmapssat 35897 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice is a set of atoms. (Contributed by NM, 14-Jan-2012.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝐴 = (Atoms‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐶𝑋𝐵) → (𝑀𝑋) ⊆ 𝐴)

TheorempmapssbaN 35898 A weakening of pmapssat 35897 to shorten some proofs. (Contributed by NM, 7-Mar-2012.) (New usage is discouraged.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾𝐶𝑋𝐵) → (𝑀𝑋) ⊆ 𝐵)

Theorempmaple 35899 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice preserves ordering. Part of Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &    = (le‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → (𝑋 𝑌 ↔ (𝑀𝑋) ⊆ (𝑀𝑌)))

Theorempmap11 35900 The projective map of a Hilbert lattice is one-to-one. Part of Theorem 15.5 of [MaedaMaeda] p. 62. (Contributed by NM, 22-Oct-2011.)
𝐵 = (Base‘𝐾)    &   𝑀 = (pmap‘𝐾)       ((𝐾 ∈ HL ∧ 𝑋𝐵𝑌𝐵) → ((𝑀𝑋) = (𝑀𝑌) ↔ 𝑋 = 𝑌))

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