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Theorem List for Metamath Proof Explorer - 12401-12500   *Has distinct variable group(s)
TypeLabelDescription
Statement

Theoremxle2add 12401 Extended real version of le2add 10857. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ*𝐷 ∈ ℝ*)) → ((𝐴𝐶𝐵𝐷) → (𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) ≤ (𝐶 +𝑒 𝐷)))

Theoremxlt2add 12402 Extended real version of lt2add 10860. Note that ltleadd 10858, which has weaker assumptions, is not true for the extended reals (since 0 + +∞ < 1 + +∞ fails). (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 23-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ*𝐷 ∈ ℝ*)) → ((𝐴 < 𝐶𝐵 < 𝐷) → (𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) < (𝐶 +𝑒 𝐷)))

Theoremxsubge0 12403 Extended real version of subge0 10888. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (0 ≤ (𝐴 +𝑒 -𝑒𝐵) ↔ 𝐵𝐴))

Theoremxposdif 12404 Extended real version of posdif 10868. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 24-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ 0 < (𝐵 +𝑒 -𝑒𝐴)))

Theoremxlesubadd 12405 Under certain conditions, the conclusion of lesubadd 10847 is true even in the extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Sep-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (0 ≤ 𝐴𝐵 ≠ -∞ ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶)) → ((𝐴 +𝑒 -𝑒𝐵) ≤ 𝐶𝐴 ≤ (𝐶 +𝑒 𝐵)))

Theoremxmullem 12406 Lemma for rexmul 12413. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ ¬ (𝐴 = 0 ∨ 𝐵 = 0)) ∧ ¬ (((0 < 𝐵𝐴 = +∞) ∨ (𝐵 < 0 ∧ 𝐴 = -∞)) ∨ ((0 < 𝐴𝐵 = +∞) ∨ (𝐴 < 0 ∧ 𝐵 = -∞)))) ∧ ¬ (((0 < 𝐵𝐴 = -∞) ∨ (𝐵 < 0 ∧ 𝐴 = +∞)) ∨ ((0 < 𝐴𝐵 = -∞) ∨ (𝐴 < 0 ∧ 𝐵 = +∞)))) → 𝐴 ∈ ℝ)

Theoremxmullem2 12407 Lemma for xmulneg1 12411. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → ((((0 < 𝐵𝐴 = +∞) ∨ (𝐵 < 0 ∧ 𝐴 = -∞)) ∨ ((0 < 𝐴𝐵 = +∞) ∨ (𝐴 < 0 ∧ 𝐵 = -∞))) → ¬ (((0 < 𝐵𝐴 = -∞) ∨ (𝐵 < 0 ∧ 𝐴 = +∞)) ∨ ((0 < 𝐴𝐵 = -∞) ∨ (𝐴 < 0 ∧ 𝐵 = +∞)))))

Theoremxmulcom 12408 Extended real multiplication is commutative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴 ·e 𝐵) = (𝐵 ·e 𝐴))

Theoremxmul01 12409 Extended real version of mul01 10555. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (𝐴 ·e 0) = 0)

Theoremxmul02 12410 Extended real version of mul02 10554. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (0 ·e 𝐴) = 0)

Theoremxmulneg1 12411 Extended real version of mulneg1 10811. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (-𝑒𝐴 ·e 𝐵) = -𝑒(𝐴 ·e 𝐵))

Theoremxmulneg2 12412 Extended real version of mulneg2 10812. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴 ·e -𝑒𝐵) = -𝑒(𝐴 ·e 𝐵))

Theoremrexmul 12413 The extended real multiplication when both arguments are real. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ) → (𝐴 ·e 𝐵) = (𝐴 · 𝐵))

Theoremxmulf 12414 The extended real multiplication operation is closed in extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Aug-2015.)
·e :(ℝ* × ℝ*)⟶ℝ*

Theoremxmulcl 12415 Closure of extended real multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴 ·e 𝐵) ∈ ℝ*)

Theoremxmulpnf1 12416 Multiplication by plus infinity on the right. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (𝐴 ·e +∞) = +∞)

Theoremxmulpnf2 12417 Multiplication by plus infinity on the left. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (+∞ ·e 𝐴) = +∞)

Theoremxmulmnf1 12418 Multiplication by minus infinity on the right. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (𝐴 ·e -∞) = -∞)

Theoremxmulmnf2 12419 Multiplication by minus infinity on the left. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (-∞ ·e 𝐴) = -∞)

Theoremxmulpnf1n 12420 Multiplication by plus infinity on the right, for negative input. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐴 < 0) → (𝐴 ·e +∞) = -∞)

Theoremxmulid1 12421 Extended real version of mulid1 10374. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (𝐴 ·e 1) = 𝐴)

Theoremxmulid2 12422 Extended real version of mulid2 10375. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (1 ·e 𝐴) = 𝐴)

Theoremxmulm1 12423 Extended real version of mulm1 10816. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (-1 ·e 𝐴) = -𝑒𝐴)

Theoremxmulasslem2 12424 Lemma for xmulass 12429. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((0 < 𝐴𝐴 = -∞) → 𝜑)

Theoremxmulgt0 12425 Extended real version of mulgt0 10454. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐵)) → 0 < (𝐴 ·e 𝐵))

Theoremxmulge0 12426 Extended real version of mulge0 10893. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵)) → 0 ≤ (𝐴 ·e 𝐵))

Theoremxmulasslem 12427* Lemma for xmulass 12429. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝑥 = 𝐷 → (𝜓𝑋 = 𝑌))    &   (𝑥 = -𝑒𝐷 → (𝜓𝐸 = 𝐹))    &   (𝜑𝑋 ∈ ℝ*)    &   (𝜑𝑌 ∈ ℝ*)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℝ*)    &   ((𝜑 ∧ (𝑥 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝑥)) → 𝜓)    &   (𝜑 → (𝑥 = 0 → 𝜓))    &   (𝜑𝐸 = -𝑒𝑋)    &   (𝜑𝐹 = -𝑒𝑌)       (𝜑𝑋 = 𝑌)

Theoremxmulasslem3 12428 Lemma for xmulass 12429. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐵) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 < 𝐶)) → ((𝐴 ·e 𝐵) ·e 𝐶) = (𝐴 ·e (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxmulass 12429 Associativity of the extended real multiplication operation. Surprisingly, there are no restrictions on the values, unlike xaddass 12391 which has to avoid the "undefined" combinations +∞ +𝑒 -∞ and -∞ +𝑒 +∞. The equivalent "undefined" expression here would be 0 ·e +∞, but since this is defined to equal 0 any zeroes in the expression make the whole thing evaluate to zero (on both sides), thus establishing the identity in this case. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴 ·e 𝐵) ·e 𝐶) = (𝐴 ·e (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxlemul1a 12430 Extended real version of lemul1a 11231. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶)) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (𝐴 ·e 𝐶) ≤ (𝐵 ·e 𝐶))

Theoremxlemul2a 12431 Extended real version of lemul2a 11232. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶)) ∧ 𝐴𝐵) → (𝐶 ·e 𝐴) ≤ (𝐶 ·e 𝐵))

Theoremxlemul1 12432 Extended real version of lemul1 11229. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ·e 𝐶) ≤ (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxlemul2 12433 Extended real version of lemul2 11230. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴𝐵 ↔ (𝐶 ·e 𝐴) ≤ (𝐶 ·e 𝐵)))

Theoremxltmul1 12434 Extended real version of ltmul1 11227. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐴 ·e 𝐶) < (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxltmul2 12435 Extended real version of ltmul2 11228. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 8-Sep-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ+) → (𝐴 < 𝐵 ↔ (𝐶 ·e 𝐴) < (𝐶 ·e 𝐵)))

(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ 0 < 𝐴) → (𝐴 ·e (𝐵 +𝑒 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 ·e 𝐵) +𝑒 (𝐴 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxadddi 12437 Distributive property for extended real addition and multiplication. Like xaddass 12391, this has an unusual domain of correctness due to counterexamples like (+∞ · (2 − 1)) = -∞ ≠ ((+∞ · 2) − (+∞ · 1)) = (+∞ − +∞) = 0. In this theorem we show that if the multiplier is real then everything works as expected. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ ∧ 𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴 ·e (𝐵 +𝑒 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 ·e 𝐵) +𝑒 (𝐴 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxadddir 12438 Commuted version of xadddi 12437. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ) → ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) ·e 𝐶) = ((𝐴 ·e 𝐶) +𝑒 (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxadddi2 12439 The assumption that the multiplier be real in xadddi 12437 can be relaxed if the addends have the same sign. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) ∧ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐶)) → (𝐴 ·e (𝐵 +𝑒 𝐶)) = ((𝐴 ·e 𝐵) +𝑒 (𝐴 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremxadddi2r 12440 Commuted version of xadddi2 12439. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(((𝐴 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐴) ∧ (𝐵 ∈ ℝ* ∧ 0 ≤ 𝐵) ∧ 𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) → ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) ·e 𝐶) = ((𝐴 ·e 𝐶) +𝑒 (𝐵 ·e 𝐶)))

Theoremx2times 12441 Extended real version of 2times 11518. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 20-Aug-2015.)
(𝐴 ∈ ℝ* → (2 ·e 𝐴) = (𝐴 +𝑒 𝐴))

Theoremxnegcld 12442 Closure of extended real negative. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)       (𝜑 → -𝑒𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)

Theoremxaddcld 12443 The extended real addition operation is closed in extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ*)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) ∈ ℝ*)

Theoremxmulcld 12444 Closure of extended real multiplication. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 28-May-2016.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℝ*)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℝ*)       (𝜑 → (𝐴 ·e 𝐵) ∈ ℝ*)

Theoremxadd4d 12445 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum for extended addition, analogous to add4d 10604. (Contributed by Alexander van der Vekens, 21-Dec-2017.)
(𝜑 → (𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐴 ≠ -∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ≠ -∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐶 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ≠ -∞))    &   (𝜑 → (𝐷 ∈ ℝ*𝐷 ≠ -∞))       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) +𝑒 (𝐶 +𝑒 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐶) +𝑒 (𝐵 +𝑒 𝐷)))

Theoremxnn0add4d 12446 Rearrangement of 4 terms in a sum for extended addition of extended nonnegative integers, analogous to xadd4d 12445. (Contributed by AV, 12-Dec-2020.)
(𝜑𝐴 ∈ ℕ0*)    &   (𝜑𝐵 ∈ ℕ0*)    &   (𝜑𝐶 ∈ ℕ0*)    &   (𝜑𝐷 ∈ ℕ0*)       (𝜑 → ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐵) +𝑒 (𝐶 +𝑒 𝐷)) = ((𝐴 +𝑒 𝐶) +𝑒 (𝐵 +𝑒 𝐷)))

5.5.3  Supremum and infimum on the extended reals

Theoremxrsupexmnf 12447* Adding minus infinity to a set does not affect the existence of its supremum. (Contributed by NM, 26-Oct-2005.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {-∞}) ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {-∞})𝑦 < 𝑧)))

Theoremxrinfmexpnf 12448* Adding plus infinity to a set does not affect the existence of its infimum. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
(∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑧 < 𝑦)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {+∞}) ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧 ∈ (𝐴 ∪ {+∞})𝑧 < 𝑦)))

Theoremxrsupsslem 12449* Lemma for xrsupss 12451. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* ∧ (𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∨ +∞ ∈ 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)))

Theoremxrinfmsslem 12450* Lemma for xrinfmss 12452. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* ∧ (𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∨ -∞ ∈ 𝐴)) → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑧 < 𝑦)))

Theoremxrsupss 12451* Any subset of extended reals has a supremum. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)))

Theoremxrinfmss 12452* Any subset of extended reals has an infimum. (Contributed by NM, 25-Oct-2005.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑦 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑥 < 𝑦 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑧 < 𝑦)))

Theoremxrinfmss2 12453* Any subset of extended reals has an infimum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Mar-2014.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (∀𝑦𝐴 ¬ 𝑥 < 𝑦 ∧ ∀𝑦 ∈ ℝ* (𝑦 < 𝑥 → ∃𝑧𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑧)))

Theoremxrub 12454* By quantifying only over reals, we can specify any extended real upper bound for any set of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝐵 → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 < 𝑦) ↔ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (𝑥 < 𝐵 → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 < 𝑦)))

Theoremsupxr 12455* The supremum of a set of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 21-Apr-2015.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (∀𝑥𝐴 ¬ 𝐵 < 𝑥 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝐵 → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 < 𝑦))) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = 𝐵)

Theoremsupxr2 12456* The supremum of a set of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 9-Apr-2006.)
(((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐵 ∧ ∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ (𝑥 < 𝐵 → ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 < 𝑦))) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = 𝐵)

Theoremsupxrcl 12457 The supremum of an arbitrary set of extended reals is an extended real. (Contributed by NM, 24-Oct-2005.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ∈ ℝ*)

Theoremsupxrun 12458 The supremum of the union of two sets of extended reals equals the largest of their suprema. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ⊆ ℝ* ∧ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ≤ sup(𝐵, ℝ*, < )) → sup((𝐴𝐵), ℝ*, < ) = sup(𝐵, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremsupxrmnf 12459 Adding minus infinity to a set does not affect its supremum. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → sup((𝐴 ∪ {-∞}), ℝ*, < ) = sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremsupxrpnf 12460 The supremum of a set of extended reals containing plus infinity is plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2005.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* ∧ +∞ ∈ 𝐴) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞)

Theoremsupxrunb1 12461* The supremum of an unbounded-above set of extended reals is plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥𝑦 ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞))

Theoremsupxrunb2 12462* The supremum of an unbounded-above set of extended reals is plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → (∀𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑦𝐴 𝑥 < 𝑦 ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = +∞))

Theoremsupxrbnd1 12463* The supremum of a bounded-above set of extended reals is less than infinity. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦 < 𝑥 ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) < +∞))

Theoremsupxrbnd2 12464* The supremum of a bounded-above set of extended reals is less than infinity. (Contributed by NM, 30-Jan-2006.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → (∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦𝑥 ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) < +∞))

Theoremxrsup0 12465 The supremum of an empty set under the extended reals is minus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 15-Oct-2005.)
sup(∅, ℝ*, < ) = -∞

Theoremsupxrub 12466 A member of a set of extended reals is less than or equal to the set's supremum. (Contributed by NM, 7-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵𝐴) → 𝐵 ≤ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremsupxrlub 12467* The supremum of a set of extended reals is less than or equal to an upper bound. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 13-Sep-2015.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐵 < sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ↔ ∃𝑥𝐴 𝐵 < 𝑥))

Theoremsupxrleub 12468* The supremum of a set of extended reals is less than or equal to an upper bound. (Contributed by NM, 22-Feb-2006.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 6-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ≤ 𝐵 ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝑥𝐵))

Theoremsupxrre 12469* The real and extended real suprema match when the real supremum exists. (Contributed by NM, 18-Oct-2005.) (Proof shortened by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑦𝑥) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = sup(𝐴, ℝ, < ))

Theoremsupxrbnd 12470 The supremum of a bounded-above nonempty set of reals is real. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) < +∞) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ∈ ℝ)

Theoremsupxrgtmnf 12471 The supremum of a nonempty set of reals is greater than minus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 2-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → -∞ < sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremsupxrre1 12472 The supremum of a nonempty set of reals is real iff it is less than plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 5-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → (sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ∈ ℝ ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) < +∞))

Theoremsupxrre2 12473 The supremum of a nonempty set of reals is real iff it is not plus infinity. (Contributed by NM, 5-Feb-2006.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅) → (sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ∈ ℝ ↔ sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ≠ +∞))

Theoremsupxrss 12474 Smaller sets of extended reals have smaller suprema. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 1-Apr-2015.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ⊆ ℝ*) → sup(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ≤ sup(𝐵, ℝ*, < ))

Theoreminfxrcl 12475 The infimum of an arbitrary set of extended reals is an extended real. (Contributed by NM, 19-Jan-2006.) (Revised by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
(𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* → inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ∈ ℝ*)

Theoreminfxrlb 12476 A member of a set of extended reals is greater than or equal to the set's infimum. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Mar-2014.) (Revised by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵𝐴) → inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ≤ 𝐵)

Theoreminfxrgelb 12477* The infimum of a set of extended reals is greater than or equal to a lower bound. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 16-Mar-2014.) (Revised by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐵 ≤ inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) ↔ ∀𝑥𝐴 𝐵𝑥))

Theoreminfxrre 12478* The real and extended real infima match when the real infimum exists. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 7-Sep-2014.) (Revised by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ ∧ 𝐴 ≠ ∅ ∧ ∃𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∀𝑦𝐴 𝑥𝑦) → inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = inf(𝐴, ℝ, < ))

Theoreminfxrmnf 12479 The infinimum of a set of extended reals containing minus infinity is minus infinity. (Contributed by Thierry Arnoux, 18-Feb-2018.) (Revised by AV, 28-Sep-2020.)
((𝐴 ⊆ ℝ* ∧ -∞ ∈ 𝐴) → inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ) = -∞)

Theoremxrinf0 12480 The infimum of the empty set under the extended reals is positive infinity. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 21-Apr-2015.) (Revised by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
inf(∅, ℝ*, < ) = +∞

Theoreminfxrss 12481 Larger sets of extended reals have smaller infima. (Contributed by Glauco Siliprandi, 11-Dec-2019.) (Revised by AV, 13-Sep-2020.)
((𝐴𝐵𝐵 ⊆ ℝ*) → inf(𝐵, ℝ*, < ) ≤ inf(𝐴, ℝ*, < ))

Theoremreltre 12482* For all real numbers there is a smaller real number. (Contributed by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
𝑥 ∈ ℝ ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ 𝑦 < 𝑥

Theoremrpltrp 12483* For all positive real numbers there is a smaller positive real number. (Contributed by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
𝑥 ∈ ℝ+𝑦 ∈ ℝ+ 𝑦 < 𝑥

Theoremreltxrnmnf 12484* For all extended real numbers not being minus infinity there is a smaller real number. (Contributed by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
𝑥 ∈ ℝ* (-∞ < 𝑥 → ∃𝑦 ∈ ℝ 𝑦 < 𝑥)

Theoreminfmremnf 12485 The infimum of the reals is minus infinity. (Contributed by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
inf(ℝ, ℝ*, < ) = -∞

Theoreminfmrp1 12486 The infimum of the positive reals is 0. (Contributed by AV, 5-Sep-2020.)
inf(ℝ+, ℝ, < ) = 0

5.5.4  Real number intervals

Syntaxcioo 12487 Extend class notation with the set of open intervals of extended reals.
class (,)

Syntaxcioc 12488 Extend class notation with the set of open-below, closed-above intervals of extended reals.
class (,]

Syntaxcico 12489 Extend class notation with the set of closed-below, open-above intervals of extended reals.
class [,)

Syntaxcicc 12490 Extend class notation with the set of closed intervals of extended reals.
class [,]

Definitiondf-ioo 12491* Define the set of open intervals of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2006.)
(,) = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥 < 𝑧𝑧 < 𝑦)})

Definitiondf-ioc 12492* Define the set of open-below, closed-above intervals of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2006.)
(,] = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥 < 𝑧𝑧𝑦)})

Definitiondf-ico 12493* Define the set of closed-below, open-above intervals of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2006.)
[,) = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑧𝑧 < 𝑦)})

Definitiondf-icc 12494* Define the set of closed intervals of extended reals. (Contributed by NM, 24-Dec-2006.)
[,] = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑧𝑧𝑦)})

Theoremixxval 12495* Value of the interval function. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐴𝑂𝐵) = {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝐴𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝐵)})

Theoremelixx1 12496* Membership in an interval of extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*) → (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝑂𝐵) ↔ (𝐶 ∈ ℝ*𝐴𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑆𝐵)))

Theoremixxf 12497* The set of intervals of extended reals maps to subsets of extended reals. (Contributed by FL, 14-Jun-2007.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 16-Nov-2013.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       𝑂:(ℝ* × ℝ*)⟶𝒫 ℝ*

Theoremixxex 12498* The set of intervals of extended reals exists. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.) (Revised by Mario Carneiro, 17-Nov-2014.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       𝑂 ∈ V

Theoremixxssxr 12499* The set of intervals of extended reals maps to subsets of extended reals. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 4-Jul-2014.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       (𝐴𝑂𝐵) ⊆ ℝ*

Theoremelixx3g 12500* Membership in a set of open intervals of extended reals. We use the fact that an operation's value is empty outside of its domain to show 𝐴 ∈ ℝ* and 𝐵 ∈ ℝ*. (Contributed by Mario Carneiro, 3-Nov-2013.)
𝑂 = (𝑥 ∈ ℝ*, 𝑦 ∈ ℝ* ↦ {𝑧 ∈ ℝ* ∣ (𝑥𝑅𝑧𝑧𝑆𝑦)})       (𝐶 ∈ (𝐴𝑂𝐵) ↔ ((𝐴 ∈ ℝ*𝐵 ∈ ℝ*𝐶 ∈ ℝ*) ∧ (𝐴𝑅𝐶𝐶𝑆𝐵)))

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